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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 FEUERBACH Tossups by Editors 2
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The one in 1840 was an implementation of the Durham Report and affected Canada. Wolfe Tone's rebellion led to the 1801 example, which created four new spiritual peers, twenty-eight new temporal peers, and a hundred new MPs. That one addressed Ireland, while the 1707 one bartered free trade privileges for the ratification of the Act of Settlement and help against the Jacobites. For 10 points, name these acts which incorporated Ireland and Scotland, respectively, into a political entity dominated by England, the United Kingdom.
Answer: Acts of Union
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The same figure who was the subject of Conrad Aiken's biography Ushant was described in a T.S. Eliot poem by this name. A novel by this name includes a character who revels in sharing harsh truths, Countess Gemini, and a sickly man who leaves his estate to the protagonist so that she may escape her marriage, Ralph Touchett. Near the end, the father of Madame Merle's daughter Pansy is revealed, and the main character once more rejects the overtures of Caspar Goodwood. For 10 points, name this Henry James novel in which Gilbert Osmond proves a less than ideal match for Isabel Archer.
Answer: The Portrait of a Lady
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His professional music career began as part of Michael Pamer's orchestra, where he played the viola. His work at the Sperl garnered him the nickname "the Austrian Napoleon." The inspiration for his major work was a man who worked as Schwarzenberg's chief of staff and led the victories at Custoza and Novara before becomming governor of Lombardy-Venetia throughout the 1850s. For 10 points, name this man, the composer of the "Radetzky March" and the father of the similarly-named "Waltz King."
Answer: Johann Strauss the Elder [prompt on partial answer]
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The Master of the Castle sets his home on fire to mourn the death of Otto in a novel by this man, which describes the poetic miller's son Johannes attempting to woo the title character, Victoria. The strained friendship of Grindhausen and Falkenberg is described in his two-book cycle Under the Autumn Stars and A Wanderer Plays on Muted Strings, and he described his imprisonment for sympathizing with the Nazis during World War II in On Overgrown Paths. A mission to buy a candle with a florin and the mistaken dispensing of change for a crown leads another of this author's protagonists to meet the Lady in Black after suffering the title condition due to a poor market for his plays. For 10 points, name this Norwegian author of Hunger.
Answer: Knut Hamsun
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In one story by this man, a man plots to steal oranges with diamonds in them in order to help a girl escape from her grandmother, who has forced her into prostitution. In another of his stories, magical figures from around the world attend the title ceremony, "Big Mama's Funeral." The Pope asks Father Gonzaga if the title character, who was found by Pelayo, can speak Aramaic in one of his stories, and in another, a man is credited with making fish jump from the sea and is given the name Esteban during preparations for a lavish funeral. For 10 points, "A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings" and "The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World" are among the short stories of what author, whose longer fiction includes The General in His Labyrinth, Love in the Time of Cholera, and One Hundred Years of Solitude?
Answer: Gabriel Garcia Marquez
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Pausanius said that this man had a deceased twin sister whom he dreaded the possibility of forgetting. In early versions of the story of this son of Cephissus, Ameinias is the foil who triggers his downfall. Tiresias told this man's mother, Liriope, that he would live long if he did not recognize himself. A flower that bears his name first grew where he died, transfixed by his own reflection, following his rejection by Echo. For 10 points, name this mythical figure whose name was borrowed by Freud to describe a self-adulating person.
Answer: Narcissus
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One president of this country elucidated a namesake "doctrine" that broke diplomatic relations with any nondemocratic regime, regardless of ideological orientation, but that doctrine was repudiated by its later president Rafael Caldera. Romulo Betancourt also survived a 1963 assassination attempt by Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo, and this country's other twentieth-century leaders include the novelist of Dona Barbara, Romulo Gallegos. A figure known as "El Precursor," Francisco de Miranda, unsuccessfully tried to liberate this country in 1806. For 10 points, name this place that ultimately won its independence under Simon Bolivar and is now ruled by Hugo Chavez.
Answer: Venezuela
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An "act" of this name allowed immediate appeal to the Supreme Court by any person seeking a finding of Constitutional right. The pamphlets of Horace Binney defended one person's assault on this principle, and a conflict over its application in Darnel's Case led to an important 1628 "petition." The case of Ableman v. Booth prohibited state courts from granting this to federal prisoners. George Cadwalader's contest of Roger Taney's attempt to invoke this in 1861 led to the case of Ex Parte Merryman. Whether Congress or the President is the body that enjoys the Constitutionally specified privilege of suspending it during wartime is an open legal question. For 10 points, name this legal writ which directs a government to produce an arrested person in court and explain why he is being detained.
Answer: habeas corpus
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The works Maggy and Horse were created by the leading sculptor of this movement, Raymond Duchamp-Villon. One association of painters working in this style called itself the Section d'Or. Robert Delaunay's aggressive colors transformed it into Orphism, and another exponent of this movement invented papier colle and painted Houses at L'Estaque. The painter of The Breakfast Table, Juan Gris, long used its synthetic form, which developed from its earlier analytic phase. For 10 points, name this movement led by Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso, which showed multiple sides of objects simultaneously and embraced geometric figures.
Answer: Cubism
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This effect occurs when light emission is coupled to radiation modes in photonic crystals using electron energy loss spectroscopy. Two counters of this type, one containing a quartz medium and the other containing a liquid fluorocarbon medium, were used to detect the antiproton. This phenomenon can generate generalized Swihart waves when emitted from an Abrikosov-Josephson vortex and it can be generated by Josephson fluxons traveling with a phase velocity greater than Jospehson plasma waves in a junction. The H.E.S.S. and MAGIC telescopes detect it in the form of low energy photons that are given off by electrons and positrons produced through the atmospheric absorption of gamma rays. For 10 points, when charged particles travel through an optically transparent medium at speeds faster than the speed of light in the medium, what type of radiation is given off?
Answer: Cherenkov radiation
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The Born-Lande equation can be used to calculate nine-tenths of this value through determination of electrostatic energy. This determination involves an infinite number of electrostatic interactions which are incorporated using Madelung constants. Of the six enthalpy values that compose the Born-Haber cycle of sodium chloride, this quantity and the standard heat of formation are the only ones that involve both species. It is greater for solids composed of divalent cations and increases with ionic radii. For 10 points, the magnitude of the energy of crystallization is equal to what quantity defined as the energy needed to separate a mole of a solid into a gas of its ions?
Answer: lattice energy (accept crystallization energy before mentioned)
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In one of his appearances, this character recalls forcing his mistress Gwendoline to sleep with his friend, because that friend had allowed him to sleep with a peasant girl who sheltered the two from the rain. Hugh de Morville and Richard Brito are among those who catch up to this man after he rejects the Four Tempters in another play. The subject of a play subtitled "Or the Honor of God" by Jean Anouilh, he is also the titular victim of T.S. Eliot's Murder in the Cathedral, and his tomb is the object of pilgrimage for the storytellers in the Canterbury Tales. For 10 points, name this martyr, who was killed for upholding Papal supremacy over the King of England.
Answer: Thomas a Becket
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This man, who claimed to be inspired by "blood memories," shot to fame after organizing a performance at the 92nd Street Young Men's Hebrew Association in 1958. He commissioned The Wedding from Pearl Primus,and this man also created Cry for Judith Jamison to perform. Jamison has been artistic director of his namesake theater since 1989. First discovered by Lester Horton, he used spirituals as the score for his signature piece Revelations. For 10 points, name this performer, who incorporated many other African-Americans into his troupe and became the leading ambassador of American modern dance in the late twentieth century.
Answer: Alvin Ailey
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The emphasis on removing comedy from this film did not extend to Lynn-Holly Johnson's character of Bibi or to Blofeld's interaction with a Margaret Thatcher lookalike. It was the first film directed by the series's former editor, John Glen, who went on to helm the next four films, culminating in License to Kill. Carole Boquet plays the female lead, Melina Havelock, who is seeking revenge on her father's killers, who include Julian Glover's character Kristatos. Followed by Octopussy and A View to a Kill in the Roger Moore sequence, for 10 points, name this 1981 James Bond film, in which the sunken ATAC device must be retrieved lest British submarine codes be broken.
Answer: For Your Eyes Only
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The "Union" of this name failed in an attempt to incorporate the Ukrainian Orthodox Church into Catholicism in 1596. A later agreement here included provisions for the return of Erdahan and Batum. That agreement was negotiated by Max Hoffmann on one side and a man who demanded "neither war nor peace" on the other. Poland, Ukraine, Finland, and the Baltics were stripped from the control of the Soviet government, which sent Leon Trotsky to negotiate this treaty at a village in Belarus. For 10 points, name this agreement which ended Russian participation in World War I.
Answer: (Treaty of) Brest-Litovsk
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The title concept of this book is what separates an "enuma" from a "pistis," according to its author's later text on Christianity. This work repudiates the sympathy towards the idea of mystical union that the author had earlier expressed in the treatise Daniel. It posits that there should be a "demarcation line" between possible examples of the title concept and whatever instances of the "it" relation are needed for survival. The title relationship is explained as the highest level of mutuality, surpassing inorganic, botanic, and animal encounters. For 10 points, name this 1923 text explaining the author's eccentric understanding of the Jewish concept of God, the major work of Martin Buber.
Answer: I and Thou [or Ich und Du]
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In bacteria this molecule can bind to the prokaryotic elongation factor thermo unstable which in turn binds with aminoacylated tRNAs. It binds to the alpha subunit of transducin and triggers the activation of phosphodiesterase in retinal cones, and the primary effector of proteins that utilize this molecule is adenylyl cyclase. Two of these molecules attach to alpha and beta tubulin heterodimers during microtubule nucleation and a MAP kinase cascade is triggered when this molecule is phosphorylated by the protein Ras. It can be produced from succinate by succinyl-CoA synthetase in the Krebs cycle. For 10 points, what is this molecule that binds to G proteins and is dephosphorylated by DNA polymerase to produce a base pair with adenine?
Answer: GTP [or Guanosine triphosphate]
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Areas within this formation, which exhibits fields of "erratics" and the "grained landscape," include Kaumajet Mountain and the Laurentide Scarp. It also includes the chain that forms Nachvak Fjord, the Torngat Mountains. Sometimes known by a name that reflects its formation prior to the Cambrian Period, it consists of three million square miles of exposed Precambrian rock. Its northeastern section comprises the elevated portions of Labrador and Baffin Island. For 10 points, identify this geological formation, named for the country where it is predominantly found.
Answer: the Canadian Shield
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This man collaborated with Gerald Platt and Neil Smelser on The American University and with Smelser alone on Economy and Society. He advocated the theory of inevitable rough social equilibrium and outlined the four goals of any ordering of a society in the AGIL paradigm, which includes latency and goal attainment. Credited with introducing Vilfredo Pareto to American readers, this man's school of thought was known as structural functionalism. For 10 points, name this author of The Social System and The Structure of Social Action, the dominant figure in mid-twentieth-century American sociology.
Answer: Talcott Parsons
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Whether one of these entities has a finite number of rational solutions can be determined by the topology of an algebraic surface created by allowing variables to assume complex values, in Falting's theorem. Baker's method sets the upper bound for their solutions, but only holds for the case of two variables. A set of simultaneous ones can be used to solve Archimedes' Cattle problem. Hilbert's tenth problem was aimed at the development of an algorithm to determine whether an arbitrary one has a solution and Catalan's conjecture proposes a solution to a specific case. Gauss provided a procedure for determining solutions of the quadratic type in two variables through reduction to the Fermat difference equation. For 10 points, the Bachet and Pell equations are special cases of what type of equation in which only integer solutions are allowed?
Answer: Diophantine equations
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This ruler subjugated one of his kingdom's neighbors by killing King Urtaku and defeating his successor Teumman. He aided the Lydians under Gyges and early in his reign he destroyed the Egyptian army under Taharqa, after which he installed Necho I as ruler of Egypt. This ruler also successfully supressed a rebellion by his brother, King Shamash-shum-ukin of Babylon, but after his death his empire began to crumble, culminating in his people's defeat roughly two dozen years later at Carchemish. For 10 points, name this Assyrian ruler and grandson of Sennacherib, best known for his great cuneiform library at Nineveh.
Answer: Ashurbanipal
 
2008 FEUERBACH Bonuses by Editors 2
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Name these treatises from English literature, for 10 points each.,
[10] A satirical endorsement of a 1702 Parliamentary bill against "occasional conformity," this Daniel DeFoe pamphlet advocated murdering those who did not participate in High Church rituals.
Answer: "The Shortest Way with Dissenters"
[10] In 1729, Jonathan Swift likewise made a tongue-in-cheek suggestion to control the number of Catholics and solve the Irish food problem by eating Irish infants, in this work.
Answer: "A Modest Proposal For Preventing The Children of Poor People in Ireland From Being Aburden to Their Parents or Country, and For Making Them Beneficial to The Public"
[10] William Penn explained that the heavenly halo was dependent on suffering in this 1682 theological book, in which the title phrase concludes a litany beginning, "No pain, no palm; no thorns, no throne; no gall, no glory."
Answer: No Cross, No Crown
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Name these indie rock fauna, for 10 points each.,
[10] Led by Isaac Brock, this group that now includes Johnny Marr recorded such songs as "Dashboard," "Missed the Boat," and "Float On" for albums that include We Were Dead Before the Ship Even Sank.
Answer: Modest Mouse
[10] This pseudonym was retired by David Bazan in 2006, after ten years of making Christian-themed records such as Control, Achilles Heel, and Winners Never Quit.
Answer: Pedro the Lion
[10] Planet of Ice and Highly Refined Pirates are some releases from this Jake Snider-led group. Feel free to listen to their songs "Pachuca Sunrise," "Knights," and "Monkey Knife Fight," if you want to.
Answer: Minus the Bear
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For 10 points each, name these Japanese authors.,
[10] This author of "Villon's Wife," "Eight Views of Tokyo," and No Longer Human described Kazuko's attempt to meet and become impregnated by Uehara to spite her brother Naoji in The Setting Sun.
Answer: Osamu Dazai [or Tsushima Shuji]
[10] This author of "Prize Stock" described depressing experiences of Japanese children in such works as A Personal Matter and Nip the Buds, Shoot the Kids.
Answer: Kenzaburo Oe
[10] A Fool's Life is one collection by this short story writer, whose chief works include "The Nose," "Hell Screen," "In a Grove," and "Rashomon."
Answer: Ryonosuke Akutagawa [or Ryunosuke Niihara]
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Financed by the Carnegie Corporation, this 1944 book examined the conflict between American ideals of equality and the true situation of racial segregation. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this book, written by a Swedish economist with the assistance of Ralph Bunche, which claimed that New Deal cotton production caps and the minimum wage led to a "cumulative causation" of black poverty.
Answer: An American Dilemma
[10] This major author of An American Dilemma expounded his other economic theories in Asian Drama and Beyond the Welfare State.
Answer: Karl Gunnar Myrdal
[10] In 1974, Myrdal was the co-recipient of the Nobel in Economics, along with this Austrian who developed a trade cycle theory based on the natural interest rate and wrote The Road to Serfdom.
Answer: Friedrich August von Hayek
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It was built in New Canaan, Connecticut, as the architect's own residence. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this strictly rectangular dwelling which afforded little privacy upon its 1949 construction.
Answer: the Glass House
[10] The Glass House was designed and used by this International style and later postmodernist architect, whose other works include the AT&T Headquarters and a collaboration with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe on the Seagram Building.
Answer: Philip Cortelyou Johnson
[10] This colleague of Johnson upstaged the Glass House by building Revolver, his own residence in Wilton, Connecticut, which spun around on a pedestal. With Johnson, he designed the Kline Biology Tower at Yale and the New York State Pavilion at the 1964 World's Fair.
Answer: Richard Foster [prompt on Foster to distinguish him from Norman Foster, another architect]
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Entebbe is found on this country's southern shoreline with Lake Victoria. For 10 points each:,
[10] For 10 points, name this western neighbor of Kenya, a country whose capital Kampala is a few miles inland from that shore.
Answer: Uganda
[10] The larger and more northern of the two lakes which separate western Uganda from the east of the DR Congo, this lake provides one of the two streams which merge into the White Nile.
Answer: Lake Albert [or Albert Nyanza; prompt on Lake Mobutu Sese Seko]
[10] This sixty-two-island archipelago in Lake Victoria is controlled by Uganda.
Answer: Sese Islands
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He shares his name with the Tang emperor who was the husband of Empress Wu and conquered Korea in 668. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this emperor who ruled from 1127 to 1187, using his general Yue Fei to hold off the invasions of the Juchen and fortify the southern part of the former empire.
Answer: Gaozong [or Kaotsung; or Zhao Gou]
[10] Gaozong thus established the Nan or Southern incarnation of this neo-Confucian dynasty, which had first formed in 960 under Taizu following the Era of the Five Dynasties.
Answer: Song
[10] The complete destruction of the Song at the hands of the Mongols occurred in 1279 in a naval battle off of this city, which was later the center of nineteenth-century European trade in China and of Sun Yat Sen's power base.
Answer: Guangzhou [or Canton]
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This author wrote a lot of works you don't care about, such as Lemonade, Floating Rhonda and the Glue Man, and Necessary Targets. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this writer, who built on the success of her major play to create the charitable event V-Day.
Answer: Eve Ensler
[10] This is the most important work of Eve Ensler. It describes such examples of the title entities as an "angry" one, some that are "happy," and one that was looked at for hours on end by a man named Bob.
Answer: The Vagina Monologues
[10] One of the organizations benefitted by V-Day created a safehouse for refugees from female circumcision in this country, whose native writers include the man who penned A Grain of Wheat, Ngugi Wa'Thiongo.
Answer: Kenya
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It occurs when two different electrically conducting materials are placed side by side and connected at their ends by two junctions at different temperatures resulting in the generation of a magnetic field and current. For 10 points each:,
[10] What is this effect, that is the basis for the thermocouple, and whose namesake has a voltage that relates the temperature difference between the two junctions when one junction is open?
Answer: Seebeck effect
[10] In this complementary effect to the Seebeck effect, a current is passed through a single junction and heat is given off in excess of that accounted for by ohmic heating due to electrical resistance.
Answer: Peltier effect
[10] The relationship between the Seebeck and Pelteir effects was proposed by this man, whose own effect relates the heat power absorbed or evolved from a heated rod to the current flow and temperature gradient of the rod.
Answer: Lord Kelvin [or William Thomson]
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He used a Cardinal Newman poem as the text for his oratorio The Dream of Gerontius. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this composer of the Enigma Variations and Pomp and Circumstance.
Answer: Edward Elgar
[10] This other composer created a symphony-like work based on translations published as The Chinese Flute by Hans Bethge, and his song cycles include Songs on the Death of Children.
Answer: Gustav Mahler
[10] This man was known as "the African Mahler" and saw his music advocated by Edward Elgar. His chief works include African Dances, Ballade in A Minor, and a cycle on Longfellow that includes Hiawatha's Wedding Feast.
Answer: Samuel Coleridge-Taylor
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They provide screening for the anterior portion of the digestive and respiratory systems and prime the immune system to respond to oral and pharyngeal cavity microorganisms. For 10 ponts each:,
[10] Name these masses of lymphoid tissue that often become inflamed when debris becomes lodged in invaginations of the pharyngeal epithelium known as crypts.
Answer: tonsils [or adenoids]
[10] Unlike the pharyngeal tonsils located in at the back of the nose and lingual tonsils, which are located on the dorsal surface of the tongue, this third pair of tonsils, located in the oropharynx, is ready visible at the back of the throat.
Answer: palatine tonsils [or faucil tonsils]
[10] Together the pharyngeal, palatine, and lingual tonsils make up this ring of lymphoid tissue which is prominent during childhood and declines after puberty.
Answer: Waldeyer's ring
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Gullinkambi wakes these people each morning, and they will eventually battle the frost giants at Ragnarok. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these souls of fallen warriors, many of who hang out with Odin and fight each other all day.
Answer: Einherjar
[10] The Einherjar live in this great hall of Odin in Asgard.
Answer: Valhalla
[10] Some warriors go not to Valhalla but to this palace ruled by Freya, where dead women also end up.
Answer: Folkvang [or Sessrumnir]
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Name these colonial American dissenters, for 10 points each.,
[10] This advocate for the land rights of Indians was expelled from Massachusetts Bay in 1634, and he went on to write The Bloody Tenent of Persecution and found Rhode Island as a haven of religious freedom.
Answer: Roger Williams
[10] This author of New English Canaan was harassed by his Puritan neighbors after turning Merry Mount, Massachusetts into a haven of freethinking.
Answer: Thomas Morton
[10] Accused of antinomianism and "traducing the ministers," this woman, who had hosted religious meetings at her Boston home, was expelled and founded Portsmouth before being killed on Long Island.
Answer: Anne Marbury Hutchinson
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It was the sequel to both one author's 1903 tract and to the other author's 1898 A Treatise on Universal Algebra. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this three-volume attempt to use the Peano postulates in order to derive all of mathematics from logic alone, and which included the "theory of types" to resolve the "paradox" of one author, Bertrand Russell.
Answer: Principia Mathematica
[10] This author of The Concept of Nature and Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Natural Knowledge was Russell's co-writer on Principia Mathematica.
Answer: Alfred North Whitehead
[10] Collecting Whitehead's Gifford Lectures of two years earlier, this 1929 book explains the "philosophy of organism" and the idea that "becomings" were the foundation of the world.
Answer: Process and Reality
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Name these artists who depicted women, for 10 points each.,
[10] At age nine, he published a book about the cat Mitsou with a preface by Rainer Maria Rilke. This creator of The Street grew up to produce like a million creepy paintings of naked adolescent girls.
Answer: Balthus [or Balthazar Klossowski]
[10] The Red Room and the Blue Nude are other works by this chief Fauvist, who painted The Joy of Life and Dance.
Answer: Henri Matisse
[10] The Child's Brain and The Disquieting Muses are other works by this "metaphysical painter" of Mystery and Melancholy of a Street.
Answer: Giorgio de Chirico
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John Paul II issued an encyclical praising these men in 1985, called Slavorum Apostoli. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these brothers who attempted to institute vernacular worship while evangelizing the Slavs, one of whom created a namesake alphabet.
Answer: Cyril and Methodius [either order]
[10] In 868, Cyril and Methodius debated with German missionaries who were bringing the Latin liturgy to the Slaves in front of the second Pope of this name. The fourth Pope of this name was the only English Pope.
Answer: Adrian
[10] Cyril and Methodius were dispatched by Byzantine emperor Michael III and patriarch Photius upon the request of this prince of Great Moravia, whose successor Svatopluk was less enthusiastic about the mission.
Answer: Rostislav
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For an undirected graph containing nodes and edges with an associated length, a root node is identified and routes to each node from the root are found such that the paths are minimized. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this problem of graph theory which can be solved using Dijkstra's Algorithm.
Answer: Shortest Path Tree Problem
[10] Like the Shortest Path Tree Problem, this problem seeks to optimize the selection of edges to link all nodes and yields the namesake structure with the lowest possible edge weight.
Answer: Minimal Spanning Tree Problem
[10] The Minimal Spanning Tree Problem can be solved using Prim's Algorithm or this other algorithm, which selects subsequent edges that do not form a circuit with existing edges.
Answer: Kruskal's Algorithm
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This man was financed by the Wright Brothers when he founded the black newspaper The Dayton Tatler. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who wrote such novels as The Fanatics and The Love of Landry, but may be better known for such poetry volumes as Lyrics of Lowly Life and Oak and Ivy.
Answer: Paul Laurence Dunbar
[10] Maurice Oakley goes mad at the end of this Dunbar novel after being exposed for framing Berry Hamilton for theft.
Answer: The Sport of the Gods
[10] In addition to the Wrights, Dunbar was promoted by this rival of W.E.B. Du Bois, whose influential nonfiction writings included Working With the Hands and Up from Slavery.
Answer: Booker Taliaferro Washington
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This man took power upon the death of Titus in 81 CE and infuriated traditionalists by taking the title of "master and god." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this emperor, who instituted a reign of terror against dissenting Senators in the years prior to his 96 death.
Answer: Domitian [or Caesar Domitianus Augustus; or Titus Flavius Domitianus]
[10] Domitian separated this Roman province into Superior and Inferior portions, divided by the Ciabrus River. It covered areas of modern Macedonia, Serbia and Bulgaria from the Danube and Drina to the Black Sea.
Answer: Moesia
[10] Both Domitian and Titus were sons of this founder of the Flavian dynasty, who emerged in power following the Year of the Four Emperors and began construction of the Colosseum.
Answer: Vespasian [or Caesar Vespasianus Augustus; or Titus Flavius Vespasianus]
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It is composed of a 1 over r to the 12th term accounting for electron cloud overlap and a 1 over r to the 6th term accounting for van der Waals interactions. For 10 points each:,
[10] What is this potential that occurs due to the induced dipole-dipole moment interaction of two uncharged particles as they approach one another.
Answer: Lennard-Jones potential
[10] Among the factors contributing to the 1 over r to the 6th term of the Lennard-Jones potential is this subset of the van der Waals interactions which occurs due to distortions in the electronic wave function that average to produce an attractive interaction.
Answer: London dispersion attraction
[10] This other potential, which deals with interactions between charged particles and polar molecules, is proportional to by the product of the charge divided by the separation distance.
Answer: Coulomb potential
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It erupted in 1733 upon the death of Augustus the Strong. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this conflict over a monarchial office, which serves as a pretext for such unrelated events as Don Carlos seizing the throne of Naples and Sicily.
Answer: War of the Polish Succession
[10] This son of Augustus the Strong was the sitting king of Saxony and emerged from the war with both the Dzikow Confederation and the Treaty of Vienna supporting his ascension to the Polish throne.
Answer: Frederick Augustus II [prompt on partial answer]
[10] This man, who had been the interim king of Poland twenty-five years earlier, was supported by the majority of the populace as the opposition candidate to Frederick Augustus II.
Answer: Stanislaw I [or Stanislaw Leszczynski]
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Pontus de Tyard, Jean Dorat, and Joachim du Bellay were among the members of this group. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this literary circle, which took its name from a group of seven third-century BCE Greek poets, and laid out its principles in Defense and Illustration of the French Language.
Answer: La Pleiade
[10] This leader of La Pleiade imitated Anacreon in the "Grove" and "Miscellany." His other works include the "Hymn of the Sky," "Discourse on the Miseries of These Times," and "Les Amours."
Answer: Pierre de Ronsard
[10] Pierre de Ronsard wrote a "Sonnet to" this mythical figure, who is also the title figure of an Edgar Allen Poe poem recalling "glory that was Greece,/And the grandeur that was Rome." Christopher Marlowe claimed that the face of this abducted wife of Menelaus launched a thousand ships.
Answer: Helen of Troy
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It was seven years in the making and involved forty-seven translators. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this English Bible which was issued in 1611 and named for its royal patron.
Answer: King James Bible [prompt on Authorized Version]
[10] The first English Bible to be printed was the Great Bible supervised by this sometime bishop of Exeter, who frequently found himself exiled from England due to his Puritanism.
Answer: Miles Coverdale
[10] Robert Barker's 1631 attempt to print a thousand King James Bibles for Charles I resulted in this errant edition, caused by the omission of the word "not" in the commandment "thou shalt not commit adultery."
Answer: the Wicked Bible

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