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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 FEUERBACH Tossups by Chicago A
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Toward the end of this period the office of Shikken assumed most of the Shogun's power, and Northern and Southern imperial lines existed simultaneously. It began when the Taira clan was defeated in the Gempei war, and also saw the defeat of two Mongol invasions. However, it ended when one of the generals in the Genko war defected to the emperor Go-Daigo. Seeing the rule of the Minimoto and Hojo families, For 10 points, identify this first Japanese Shogunate, which was succeeded by the Ashikaga Shogunate and is named for a city near Tokyo.
Answer: Kamakura Shogunate or Kamakura Period (Accept anything involving Kamakura)
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In this novel, Ruth's husband claims that when her father died he found her sucking the fingers of his dead body but she tells her son that she was kissing the only part of him that was unaffected by his illness. Ruth's son is the protagonist of the novel, and other characters include his aunt Pilate, who seems to be a female Christ, and her daughter Hagar who falls in love with the protagonist, Macon "Milkman" Dead III. For 10 points, what is this novel, written by Toni Morrison, that is named after a book of the Bible?
Answer: Song of Solomon
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He provided a solution to Waring's problem and demonstrated the basis theorem in invariant theory. His work dealing with Euclidian geometry culminated in a set of 21 axioms for that field. A thought experiment about countable infinity is known as this man's Grand hotel and both infinite dimensional spaces and vector spaces in which an inner product can be defined bear his name. Godel's incompleteness theorem frustrated his attempts at a proof that all mathematics derives from a finite set of consistent axioms, his namesake program. For 10 points, identify this German mathematician, the leader of the formalist school, who at a conference in Paris in 1900 proposed a series of 23 namesake problems.
Answer: David Hilbert
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One character from this film was succeeded by Ted Orion and lost his job after he argued with his boss over a redistricting issue. The second film in this series sees that man hired by, Don Tibbles and in that film his romantic interests include a tutor, Michele McKay, who substitutes for him versus Germany and The Dentist's assistant, Maria. In this film, students at Eden Hall keep their scholarships after Hans dies.In a game against Iceland, the protagaonsit sustitutes Julie "The Cat" Gaffney for Goldberg for a decisive penalty shot. For 10 points Emilio Estevez stars as Gordon Bombay, the coach of what titular youth hockey team in a Disney movie?
Answer: The Mighty Ducks
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In muscle cells it plays a role in kinesthesia and receives fusimotor nerve fibers. A form of cancer therapy uses vinca alkaloids to destroy this structure and it forms through localization by the protein NuMA and subsequent polymerization of astral microtubules. In most plants it is nucleated on the nuclear envelope while in most animals it is nucleated by the centrosomes. In a cell it begins to assemble in prometaphase, is completed in metaphase, and binds to chromosomes at the kinetochore. Once the chromatids are aligned, anaphase begins and they pull apart the chromatids so the cell cleavage can occur. For 10 points, name this apparatus that separates the chromosomes into two sets of daughter chromosomes during cell division.
Answer: Spindle apparatus
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In 1771 the governor of this colony, Charles Greville Montagu, declared that it could not legislate until a new tax bill was passed and in 1715 the Yemasee indian tribe led an uprising against the colonists from this state. During the American Revolution this colony was the site of the Waxhaw massacre, where a group of Americans who had been offered quarter were then murdered by the forces of a notable Liverpudlian general. Some of the leading colonial politicians from this colony included the eventual second chief justice of the Supreme Court, Jay Rutledge and the members of the Pinckney family. For 10 points name this colony which saw the Revolutionary War Battle in which Banastre Tarleton's troops were defeated by the Daniel Morgan led Americans, Cowpens.
Answer: South Carolina
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In the preface to this play, its author states that while working on a previous play he was greatly helped by a chink in the floor that allowed him to hear the serving girls in the kitchen. On the title character's first morning as a pot-boy he receives some eggs, a piece of cake and a boiled pullet from three local girls. The title character wins a mule race to the cheers of Jimmy Farrell, Philly Cullen, and the Widow Quin. The title character is almost hanged the second time he takes a loy and hits his father on the head, but he once again fails to kill the crusty old man. For 10 points, name this John Millington Synge play about Christy Mahon.
Answer: The Playboy of the Western World
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In SN2 reactions with compounds that posses this property, Walden inversion occurs and this property was first accounted for by van't Hoff as a consequence of bond structure. The group with the lowest priority is positioned away from the observer in order to classified this property as R and S based on Chan-Ingold-Prelog priority rules. Glycine is the only amino acid to lack this property while in sugars the D conformer is most favorable for the formation of peptide bonds. Due to this property, the morning sickness drug thalidomide is a racemic mixture of two enantiomers, one of which is teratogenic. For 10 points, name this property of molecules that possesses a non-superimposable mirror image.
Answer: Chirality
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A pro-papal chaplain at the battle of Novara, he described his near death in a plague in his Pestlied, and condemned mercenary service in The Ox and The Labyrinth. He served as a priest at Glarus and Einsiedeln, and in his most famous role caused Bernhardin Sanson to be denied entry to sell indulgences. He ate smoked sausages to protest the Lenten fast, and Konrad Hofmann led the local opposition to him. With Oecolampadius he argued a memorialist position at the Colloquy of Marburg. For 10 points, identify this reformer, who died at the battle of Cappel, the leader of the reformation in Zurich.
Answer: Huldrych Zwingli
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Originally based on the city of Nesa, its first known king was Labarna. The edict of Telepinu laid down rules of succession for its later period, which were violated when Urhi-Teshub was deposed, and its successor states continued its use of Luwian hieroglyphics into the first millennium. Its king Suppiluliuma I attempted to marry his son to the widow of Tutankhamun, while its archives at Bogazkoy include a cuneiform copy of treaty with another Pharaoh. Led by Muwatali I at the battle of Kadesh, For 10 points, identify this ancient empire based on the city of Hattusa.
Answer: the Hittite Empire or the Hittites (accept Hittite Old Kingdom before Telepinu is metioned)
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Islands in this body of water include Archangel island, which serves as a biological reserve known for lizards. The northern part of this body of water could flood locations such as the Imperial Valley except for the presence of a massive delta formed by the Colorado river, which ultimately runs into this body of water. While visiting places such as Concepcion Bay and Tiburon Island, once home to the Seri tribe, John Steinbeck wrote hisTheLog fromthis body of water andone of the names for this body of water came in 1540 when Francisco de Ulloa named it after his leader. For 10 points, name this sea that lies between mainland Mexico and the Baja peninsula.
Answer: Gulf of CaliforniaorSea of Cortez
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He discussed the "regressive/progressive method" of historical analysis in an essay that became the introduction to a work that developed a theory of "practical ensembles" and juxtaposed the practico-inert and praxis. In addition to The Problem of Method and his Critique of Dialectical Reason, he published a lecture that led Heidegger, in the Letter on Humanism, to critique some of this man's views, including his statement that "existence precedes essence." In another of his works, he used the the example of a woman on a first date whose companion takes her hand to illustrate his concept of "bad faith." For 10 points, name this French philosopher of Existentialism is a Humanism and a work subtitled "An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology," Being and Nothingness.
Answer: Jean-Paul Sartre
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This man proposed the 1682 assembly of the clergy that established the four principals of Gallicanism. This man's primary rival in government was the War Minister Marquis de Louvois and many of his ideas were criticized by Quesnay and the Physiocrats. His predecessor was Nicolas Fouquet, who was charged with embezzlement due to the charges brought about by this man. This man's 1664 Memorandum on Tradethis man advised his king that France should "examine all import and export duties and exempt raw materials and domestic manufactures."For 10 points, name this French Minister of Finance for Louis XIV notable championing mercantilist economic policies.
Answer: Jean-Baptiste Colbert
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This man won election to office when his nation's congress chose him over the former president Jorge Alessandri, and shortly afterwards the head of his country's military, Rene Schneider, was kidnapped by terrorists. One of this man's most notable actions in office was the nationalization of his country's copper industry, at the time its leading export and he saw a prolonged strike by truck owners hamper his attempts to govern. Carlos Prats put down the Tanquetazo coup attempt against this man in 1973, but later that year this man was found dead from a gunshot wound during the coup that replaced him. For ten points name this Socialist president of Chile from 1970-1973 who preceded Augusto Pinochet.
Answer: SalvadorAllende
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This novel includes blank spaces left so the reader can fill in their own description of a character and bullet points when the narrator considers the lesson worthy of being taught to children. The narrator often digresses on things such as which curses are worthy for which occasion and spends so much time talking about his family it is a few hundred pages before he is born in the narrative. Characters include the maid Susannah who's poor memory led to the narrator's odd name and Uncle Toby who enjoys recreating European battles in the gardens. For 10 points, Name this novel that contains accidental circumcision-by-windowsill by Lawrence Sterne.
Answer: The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman
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One member of this group introduced a now largely-ignored analysis of "roundaboutness." Its founder wrote Investigations into the Method of the Social Sciences as part of a methodological debate with the Historicists. A later member of this group proposed the connectionist hypothesis independently of Hebb in The Sensory Order, included the essay "Why I Am Not a Conservative" as an appendix to The Constitution of Liberty.Its leading figure systematized his views in Human Action. For 10 points, name this group whose members include Eugen von Bohm-Bawerk, Carl Menger, and Friedrich von Hayek,a non-empirical school of economics led by Ludwig von Mises that originated in Vienna.
Answer: the Austrian school
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Whether to place certain elements where wooden beams would have been placed or to rearrange them for greater symmetry forms a namesake corner problem for this order. Those elements, triglyphs, occur below the architrave and alternate with metopes, which in one famous example feature sculptures of the battle between the Lapiths and the Centaurs. Employed in the Lincoln memorial, its columns do not rest on a base. For 10 points, identify this simplest order of classical Greek architecture, most famously used in the Parthenon.
Answer: Doric order
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Measurements of this effect can display a relativistic time dilation or second-order Doppler shift that was derived by Josephson from the mass-energy relation. The fraction of events that exhibits this effect is sometimes known as the Debye-Waller factor. The ionization state strongly affects one of the hyperfine interactions that can be studied using this effect, the isomer shift. One study utilizing a sample of iron-57 made use of this effect in measuring gravitational redshift, and was conducted by Pound and Rebka. For 10 points, name this special case of nuclear resonance fluorescence in which gamma-ray absorption or emission from a lattice or extremely viscous fluid occurs in a recoil-free fashion.
Answer: Mossbauer effect
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One of them gains notoriety for writing an article advocating giving ecclesiastical courts the power to try and punish criminals. Another is initially distraught when the corpse of his spiritual mentor at the monastery begins decomposing and emits a foul odor, and another member of this group attacks the servant Grigory with a brass pestle. The youngest reconciles Ilyusha and Kolya Krasotkin, the eldest is arrested during a wild party he throws for Grushenka, and the middle one recounts a prose poem in which Christ returns to Earth and is arrested by the Grand Inquisitor. For 10 points, name this title group of a Dostoyevsky novel, the legitimate sons of Fyodor Pavlovich.
Answer: the Brothers Karamazov (accept Dmitri [or Mitka, Mitya, Mitenka, or Mitri], Ivan [or Vanya, Vanka, or Vanechka], and Alexei [or Alyosha, Alyoshka, Alyoshenka, Alyoshechka, Alexeichik, Lyosha, or Lyoshenka]; also accept if someone gives those three names and adds Pavel Fyodorovich Smerdyakov [either Pavel or Smerdyakov is fine] before "legitimate sons")
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The fourth of these compositions does not make clear whether tubular bells or a glockenspiel is required for its finale, and was nick named Barkbrod by one critic due to its bleakness. The finale of the fifth features a melody modeled on a swan call, and like the third is in three movements, while an ascending c major scale opens the seventh, which is written entirely in that key and C minor in only one movement. The composer burned his sketches for an eighth of these, although his tone poem Tapiola is often considered as an eighth. For 10 points, identify these compositions, the second of which has a climaxing finale often associated with Finnish nationalism.
Answer: Symphonies by Jean Christian Sibelius (accept anything with symphony and Sibelius)
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Its high-temperature polymorph can contain more sodium, giving a lower value of 2V that can distinguish this mineral from its polymorph sanidine. It can exhibit Manebach or Baveno twinning, and most commonly displays Carlsbad twinning, but its lack of lamellar twinning can distinguish it from its low-temperature polymorph, microcline. This common component of syenite and granite appears just above muscovite on Bowen's reaction series as the first mineral after the continuous branch, which represents the other major type of feldspar. Named for having perfect cleavage on one plane and good cleavage on a second plane at 90 degrees to the first, for 10 points, name this most common alkali or potassium feldspar that is often juxtaposed with plagioclase.
Answer: orthoclase
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This man mentioned the suicide of Josiah Hawley in two works, one which ends with the image of a "small-mouth bass?gorged with spawn" and one which ends with the line "This is the Black Widow, death." Those poems, based on the writings of Jonathan Edwards, are "After the Surprising Conversions" and "Mr. Edwards and the Spider." In a third poem he sees one of the title animals rummaging through garbage, and in a fourth poem that ends "a savage servility / slides by on grease." he claims that "William James could almost hear the bronze Negroes breathe" at the dedication of St. Gaudens' monument to Colonel Shaw. For 10 points, name this author of "Skunk Hour" and "For the Union Dead."
Answer: Robert Traill Spence Lowell IV
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As a baby, he was visited by 6 ravishing ladies who granted him 6 gifts; later, the youngest counseled him to refuse the throne in favor of his younger half-brother Guyon. His friend Karaheut, the king of Mauritania, gave him the sword Cortana the Short. Some stories hold that later in life a magnetic mountain caused him to shipwreck on Avalon, while other stories hold that his beard has grown into a marble table during his long slumber in the castle of Kronborg. He took the Oriflamme from the cowardly Lombard Alory during a battle whose end saw him freed from being a hostage. In his youth, he beat all comers at contests of strength and endurance, including Roland. For 10 points, name this peer of Charlemagne, a son of Godfrey of Denmark.
Answer: Ogier the Dane or Ogier de Danemarche or Holger Danske
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This artist is noted for his photograms, which he renamed after himself. Many of his works are assemblages such as Object to be Destroyed which is a metronome with a picture of an eye on its pendulum. He is also known for his photographs, including Tears and Le Violon d'Ingres, a photograph of the back of a nude woman that he then drew on to resemble a violin. For 10 points, name this artist, known for his Gift of an iron with nails on it.
Answer: Man Ray (Emmanuel Radnitzky)
2008 FEUERBACH Bonuses by Chicago A
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Answer the following about the Third Punic War, for 10 points each .,
[10] The war began when Carthaginians declared war on this Numidian King, who had been a Roman Ally in the Second Punic war, and who still actively took part in combat despite being nearly 90 years old.
Answer: Massinissa
[10] This adopted son of Scipio Africanus was also awarded the title Africanus for bringing about a successful end to the war.
Answer: Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus Numantinus
[10] This first Phoenician colony in Africa and namesake of a city in upstate New York defected to Rome shortly before the war.
Answer: Utica
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This sculpture depicts a saint in the throes of an intense spiritual encounter. For 10 points each :,
[10] What is this sculpture that depicts an angel pointing an arrow at a young female saint?
Answer: The Ecstasy of St Theresa
[10] The Ecstasy of St Theresa was created for this chapel. The chapel is designed specifically for the sculpture which is accented with natural light and marble columns.
Answer: The Cornaro Chapel
[10] This architect and sculptor created both The Ecstasy of St Theresa and the Cornaro Chapel.
Answer: Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini
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This battle saw the losing side have a large numerical advantage early in the battle until the arrival of the Second Army of Prussia arrived in the afternoon. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Prussian victory, the decisive one of the Austro-Prussian War.
Answer: Sadowaor Konniggratz
[10] The Austrian general Anton von Mollinary attempted to encircle the Prussians early in the battle but was ordered to stop by this man, the leader of Austrian forces during the war.
Answer: Ludwig Ritter von Benedek
[10] The Prussian strategy at Sadowa was developed by this general, the architect of the Prussian strategy during the Austro-Prussian and Franco-Prussian wars. His son was Chief of General Staff for the Germans at the beginning of World War I.
Answer: Helmuth von Moltke"The Elder"
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His reign included the disastrous pick of Quarterback Joey Harrington and choosing three straight Wide Receivers with first round picks. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this recently fired General Manager of the Detroit Lions.
Answer: MattMillen
[10] The first of the three first round Wide Receivers Millen drafted was this Michigan State player. He broke his collarbone in each of his first two years with the team.
Answer: CharlesRogers
[10] One of Millen's few good decisions was taking this Michigan tackle with the 18th pick of the 2001 draft. He has started every game in his career at Left Tackle for the Lions.
Answer: JeffBackus
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This man tried to extend the notion of rigid motion to special relativity, and worked with Pascual Jordan to translate Heisenberg's quantum mechanics into matrix mechanics. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who also introduced the probability density interpretation of the wave function.
Answer: Max Born
[10] Born's theory of rigidity in special relativity is the subject of this man's namesake spinning disk paradox. His namesake theorem relates the time derivative of an operator's expectation value to the commutator of the operator with the Hamiltonian.
Answer: Paul Ehrenfest
[10] Ehrenfest classified these phenomena using the lowest-order derivative of the free energy to show a discontinuity. The first-order variety are associated with latent heats.
Answer: phase transitions
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Answer the following about a Chinese dynasty, for 10 points each.,
[10] This dynasty, whose name translates as pure, survived the Boxer and Taiping Rebellions.
Answer: Ching [or Manchu]
[10] This regent for the Tongzhi and Guangxu emperors was the last major ruler of the Ching dynasty and gave her support to the Boxer Rebellion.
Answer: the Empress Dowager Cixi or the West Empress Dowager (prompt on Empress Dowager)
[10] Ethnic Manchu soldiers were divided into eight of these hereditary groupings, which included both plain and bordered varieties. Eight more were later created for ethnic Chinese.
Answer: Banners
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This divine creature tricked the serpents out of the elixir of immortality that he brought them to free his mother Vinata from enslavement to the serpents' mother Kadru. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this gigantic snake-hating bird, the mount of Vishnu.
Answer: Garuda
[10] Like Garuda, this gigantic, immortal bird hates snakes. Unlike Garuda, this bird sheltered and raised the albino hero Zal, and later taught Zal how to perform a caesarean section or did it herself with her claws.
Answer: the Simurgh
[10] The Simurgh was summoned to help deliver this son of Zal and Rudabah. His exploits, including his unwittingly killing his son Sohrab, are recounted in the Shahnameh.
Answer: Rostam or Rustam
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They make use of the poison oracle, a test for witchcraft involving two chickens and a quantity of benge. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this African tribe, the subject of a study on "Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic Among" this group.
Answer: the Azande or Zande
[10] This British anthropologist wrote Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic Among the Azande and several studies on the Nuer tribe.
Answer: Sir Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard
[10] Evans-Pritchard's early works, including his studies of the Azande and Nuer, exemplify this anthropological school, formerly dominant in Britain, which was championed by Radcliffe-Brown. It argues that institutional components act in concert to maintain society.
Answer: structural-functionalism
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Name these constellations associated with "Great" features of the Milky Way, for 10 points each.,
[10] The Great Annihilator is another name for a black hole in this constellation labeled A-star. In addition to the center of the Milky Way, this constellation contains the tea pot asterism, the Trifid and Lagoon nebulae, and a namesake dwarf elliptical galaxy that is the second closest galaxy to the Milky Way.
Answer: Sagittarius
[10] A series of dark clouds forms the "Great Rift" crossing the band of the Milky Way between Sagittarius and this constellation. Its alpha star is Deneb, and it contains the first widely-accepted black hole candidate, X-1.
Answer: Cygnus
[10] This constellation contains an asterism known as its "Great Square," one corner of which was reassigned to the neighboring constellation Andromeda. Its star 51 was the first Sun-like star known to host an exoplanet.
Answer: Pegasus
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Name these things from thermodynamics, for 10 points each.,
[10] This is the thermodynamic potential of a system, usually denoted by a capital H.
Answer: Enthalpy
[10] This cycle, modeled on the heat engine of the same name, uses both isothermal and adiabatic expansion and compression to achieve the most efficient cycle possible.
Answer: The Carnot Cycle
[10] This other cycle utilizes an organic working fluid that is heated to vaporization, expands to power a turbine, then condenses due to flowing water. The condensate returned to the evaporator to complete the thermodynamic cycle.
Answer: organic Rankine cycle
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Answer the following on Caribbean-born female novelists, for 10 points each.,
[10] The title character of this Jamaica Kincaid novel leaves Antigua at 19 to become an au pair in the US. She shares her first name with the heroines of Villette and A Room with a View.
Answer: Lucy
[10] This writer depicted the 1937 massacre of Haitians in Trujillo's Dominican Republic in The Farming of Bones. The Haitian girl Sophie joins her insomniac mother in New York in this woman's novel Breath, Eyes, Memory, and several of her stories, including the superb "A Wall of Fire Rising," appear in Krik? Krak!
Answer: Edwidge Danticat
[10] Jean Rhys's novel Wide Sargasso Sea focuses on the backstory of Antoinette Mason through her marriage to Mr. Rochester, this serving as a prequel to this Charlotte Bronte novel.
Answer: Jane Eyre
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This earthwork sculpture was constructed in 1970, was submerged for a number of years, and reappeared in 2004. For 10 points each :,
[10] What is this sculpture, originally black basalt but now mostly white due to encrusted salt?
Answer: Spiral Jetty
[10] This creator of Spiral Jetty and Partially Buried Woodshed died in a plain crash while surveying sites for his Amarillo Ramp.
Answer: Robert Smithson
[10] This artist does not consider his art to be earthworks even though it in some cases involves wrapping large amounts of earth in fabric like in his 1969 work Wrapped Coast.
Answer: Christo Vladimirov Javachef
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Identify the following contemporary composers of sacred music, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Englishman is known for his works inspired by Russian Orthodoxy and later by Universalism, including the Protecting Veil, Song for Athene, and Akhathist of Thanksgiving.
Answer: John Tavener
[10] This Estonian minimalist composer uses a distinctive Tintinabuli style in works like his Berliner Mass, as well as Fratres and Tabula Rasa.
Answer: Arvo Part
[10] This Polish composer is known for his large scale sacred works, such as his Polish Requiem and his Symphony no. 7 The Gates of Jerusalem, as well as his modernist St. Luke's Passion, though he is best known for his Threnody for the Victims of Hiroshima.
Answer: Krystof Penderecki
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Identify the following about medieval monastic reform movements, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Benedictine monastery developed a large network of daughter monasteries in the 10th and 11th centuries under the abbots Odilo, Hugh the Great and Peter the Venerable. It was also home to the largest church in the world until the construction of New St. Peters.
Answer: Cluny
[10] This order of Benedictine monks, named for a monastery in France, was founded in reaction to the elaborate liturgies of the Cluniacs. Its most famous member was Bernard of Clairvaux.
Answer: Cistercians
[10] Theresa of Avila and John of the Cross created a reformed branch of this contemplative monastic order which is known as discalced. Its monks and nuns wear distinctive brown robes.
Answer: Carmelites
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His namesake "fork" divides all meaningful statements into relations of ideas and matters of fact, or as Kant later labeled them, analytic and synthetic statements. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Scottish philosopher who introduced his fork and attacked the notion of cause and effect in An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding.
Answer: David Hume
[10] This logical positivist modified Hume's fork by stating that non-tautological statements are meaningful only if they are verifiable in his work Language, Truth, and Logic. He also defended the "justified true belief" formulation of knowledge in The Problem of Knowledge.
Answer: Sir Alfred Jules Ayer
[10] In this paper, Willard Van Orman Quine attacks both Hume's fork and the application of reductionism to the verification theory of meaning.
Answer: "Two Dogmas of Empiricism"
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Answer the following on recurring characters in English poems, for 10 points each.,
[10] Robert Herrick praised the "brave vibration each way free" of this woman in a poem "Upon [Her] Clothes." His praise was even more direct in poems "Upon [Her] Breasts" and "Upon the Nipples of [Her] Breast."
Answer: Julia
[10] This poet honored Lucy Sacheverell in "A Black Patch on Lucasta's Face," "To Lucasta, going to the Wars" and a bunch of other Lucasta poems, as well as "To Althea, from Prison."
Answer: Richard Lovelace
[10] Marvell wrote several poems in which this man, named Damon, mentions his love for Juliana, including one in which he addresses "the Glo-Worms." In his namesake "Song" he compares Juliana's effects on him to his own effects on the grass.
Answer: the Mower
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This architectural hack fears the younger generation, especially his assistant Ragnar Brovik, and dies after Hilda Wangel convinces him to climb a tower and he falls. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this title character of Ibsen's The Master Builder.
Answer: Halvard Solness (accept either name) or Bygmester Solness
[10] This author also wrote a play named for an architectural hack who takes advantage of his assistant: the assistant is Dion Anthony and the play is The Great God Brown. Wikipedia tells me The Great God Brown can be considered an introduction to this author's play Lazarus Laughed.
Answer: Eugene Gladstone O'Neill
[10] This Stoppard play features an actor named Max portraying an architect in Henry's new play, House of Cards. Max's wife Annie leaves him for Henry, but later has an affair with Billy.
Answer: The Real Thing
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This effort included the controversial "War on Poverty" as well as the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this series of reforms that occurred under President Lyndon B. Johnson.
Answer: Great Society
[10] One of the most important educational reforms from the Great Society was the creation of this program which increases the availability of pre-schooling available to low income families.
Answer: Head Start
[10] Head Start was a part of this organization that was created in the Great Society. Some of its other programs include Upward Bound and the Job Corps and it served as the central body of the "War on Poverty".
Answer: TheOffice ofEconomicOpportunity
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These islands are directly to the west of New Guinea and includes Ambon island. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these islands that got the nickname "Spice Islands" for their role as the native environment of nutmeg and mace.
Answer: Maluku IslandsorMoluccas
[10] The Maluku Islands are a part of this nation that includes the famed volcano Krakotoa and the islands Sumatra and Bali.
Answer: Indonesia
[10] Sumatra is one of the Greater these islands that also includes Borneo and Java. The Lesser group include Bali and Timor.
Answer: SundaIslands
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Answer the following about axiomatic set theory, for 10 points each.,
[10] This most common type of axiomatic set theory uses eight axioms, and has been shown to be consistent with both the axiom of choice and its negation.
Answer: Zermelo-Frankel
[10] This term refers to a collection of elements that have a given property. Those which cannot be treated as sets are referred to as proper.
Answer: class
[10] The observation that the collection of all sets that are not elements of themselves is a proper class and not a set avoids this eponymous paradox.
Answer: Russell's Paradox
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Answer these questions about apoptosis, for 10 points each .,
[10] One major caspase pathway is initiated by this heme protein, which functions as an electron acceptor in the electron transport chain and is released from the mitochondria to trigger apoptosis.
Answer: cytochrome c
[10] This transmembrane protein causes apoptosis when it binds to death receptors on the surface of a cell. Because T-cells express this protein, they are able to remain in homeostasis.
Answer: Fas Ligand
[10] Fas Ligand is an important part of the extrinsic apoptotic pathway. What family of protein is responsible for activating the intrinsic pathway?
Answer: BCL2
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John Snow discovered the source of this disease in London was the Broad Street water pump in 1854, helping to prove the vector of this disease. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this water-borne disease that killed over one million people in Russia in the 1850's.
Answer: Cholera
[10] This man's 1842 report to the Sadler Commission showed that the the poor sanitary conditions in London was responsible for contaminated drinking water in the city, resulting in the high prevalence of disease in the lower classes.
Answer: EdwinChadwick
[10] Chadwick was part of a royal commission in 1832 on these laws and found they were to blame for the title condition. In 1834 a new one was passed partially due to the influence of Thomas Malthus' writings.
Answer: Poor Laws

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