Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_voemel1qdena7nfqjgao3n94d1, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1
View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 FEUERBACH Tossups by Carleton A
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It was first published in 1940 as part of the volume 50 Poems. Representing a recurrent sound with the line "both dong and ding," It features several pairs of parentheses, but no commas and only one period, at the end of the line "wish by spirit and if by yes." This poem appears to tell about the relationship between the title character and noone, who "loved him more by more," despite their rejection by the "Women and men" of the title location. For 10 points, name this poem set in a place "with up so floating many bells down," written by E.E. Cummings.
Answer: "anyone lived in a pretty how town"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Jean-Pierre Melville has a cameo in this film as Parvulesco, who says his greatest ambition is "to become immortal, and then die." In this film's last lines, Patricia claims not to know the meaning of the French word "degueulasse," and earlier she quotes from Faulkner's Wild Palms, prompting Michel to say he would rather have nothing than grief. Michel Poiccard, who uses the alias Laszlo Kovacs, is on the run after shooting a police officer in, for 10 points, what 1960 film of the French New Wave, starring Jean Seberg and Jean-Paul Belmondo and directed by Jean-Luc Godard?
Answer: Breathless [or A Bout de Souffle]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Isla Martin Garcia lies near the coast in this body of water, and cities on its shore include Colonia del Sacramento and Juan L. Lacaze. One bay in this body's western bank receives a namesake river, as well as the Salado River. That bay, which stretches from Point Piedras to the north point of Cape San Antonio, is Samborombon Bay. The Paraguay River drains into a larger one near this body of water, while another river that leads to this body rises in Santa Catarina state in Brazil, and is the namesake of one of the countries that borders this body. Montevideo and Buenos Aires are on the shores of, for 10 points, what estuary where the Parana and Uruguay Rivers meet the Atlantic Ocean named for silver?
Answer: Rio de la Plata [or River Plate]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Minor characters in this book include the eunuchs Hegai and Shaashgaz, and Memuchan, an advisor to the king who sets the plot in action. Zeresh is the wife of the villain in this book, who advises him to make a huge gallows, which end up unused after the intended victim gets rewarded for uncovering a plot against the king by Bigsan and Seresh. In the capital city of Shushan, Vashti must be gotten rid of for refusing to obey her husband, the king, and so king Ahasuerus chooses as a new wife the title character, known to the Jews as Hadassah, the cousin of Mordechai. The villain in this book tries to kill all the Jews by drawing lots, but eventually, that Haman is defeated and all is well. For 10 points, name this book of the Old Testament about the title female Jew who helps save all the others, read twice on the holiday of Purim.
Answer: Book of Esther [or haMegillah]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of this author's poems declares that "you shall go . . . Where nature has more finely wrought, / Her crystal spheres, her heavens serene". In addition to that one addressed to a "Celebrated Aeronaut", "Mr. Blanchard", he wrote "The Republican Genius of Europe". One of his more famous poems begins "Fair flower, that dost so comely grow", while another tells "Thou born to sip the lake or spring" to "Go, take your seat in Charon's boat, / We'll tell the hive, you died afloat." His most famous work includes the lines "Here still lofty rock remains" and "Here still an aged elm aspires", after stating that "In spite of all the learn'd have said; / I still my own opinion keep", and that the title group, "when from life releas'd / Again is seated with his friends". For 10 points, name this early American poet who penned "On a Honey Bee", "The Wild Honey-Suckle" and "The Indian Burying Ground".
Answer: Philip Morin Freneau
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The original franchise with this name came up on the losing end of a 10-run ninth inning rally in their first game ever, and finished a last-place 48-89 in the 1901 American League under Hugh Duffy before moving to St. Louis the next year and becoming the Browns. The more familiar team with that name had a mediocre 1990s under managers Tom Trebelhorn and Phil Garner, and did not bring light-hitting shortstop Ray Oyler with them in 1970 when they moved to their new city. They switched to the National League in 1998 to accommodate expansion, but in the American League, their best achievement came with pitchers like Pete Vuckovich and Rollie Fingers and hitters like Paul Molitor and Robin Yount, winning the pennant in 1982. For 10 points, name this team, formerly the Seattle Pilots, whose modern players include Ryan Braun, J.J. Hardy, and Prince Fielder, at whose games fans can see sausages race.
Answer: Milwaukee Brewers [accept either]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Holy Roman Emperor of this name and number was the last of the Salian line and came to an agreement on lay investiture with Pope Calixtus iI at the Concordat of Worms. Another king of this name and number successfully broke the alliance between France and the Holy Roman Empire, crushed the French's Genoese allies, married Catherine, the princess of France, and was, by the Treaty of Troyes, recognized as regent of France. For 10 points, name this English king, who in 1415 led archers through the mud to win the battle of Agincourt.
Answer: Henry V
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The importance of this clash was called into question by a historian who noticed that the Rhymed Chronicle only attributes twenty casualties to it. However, it is generally believed to have stopped a campaign ultimately aimed at the capture of Pskov. The attackers in this battle, commanded by the Bishop of Dorpat, charged the enemy location on the eastern shore at Raven's Rock in an attempt to enforce a decree of Pope Gregory IX. The crusade against the Orthodox Christians of Novgorod ended as a result of the 1242 victory in this battle by the forced of Alexander Nevsky. The Teutonic Knights were defeated at, for 10 points, what battle on the frozen Lake Peipus?
Answer: Battle of the Ice [or Massacre on Ice; accept Battle of Lake Peipus until mentioned]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Cairns-Smith proposed an alternative synthetic approach involving supposed crystal genes which could take advantage of the crystallization and the irregularities in clay for structural replication. Designed to test Oparin and Haldane's hypothesis, it was similar to experiments conducted by Joan Oro and K.A. Wilde. The experimental apparatus contained heated water vapor which was passed through a chamber containing CH4, NH3, H2CO2 and other gasses, and exposed to electricity. The water vapor was then condensed and sampled. This allowed the simulation of lightning in an atmosphere similar in composition to early Earth, and the resultant water contained trace amounts of 9 amino acids. For 10 points, name this 1953 experiment on the origin of organic compounds performed by two namesake University of Chicago biochemists.
Answer: Miller-Urey Experiment [or Urey-Miller Experiment]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
At the beginning of this novel, the main character feels sorry for a typist who makes four and a half chervontsy and has a French lover. Vyazemskaya is a youth who turns out to be a woman, and is part of the new house management committee with Pestrukhin, Sarovkyan, and a man who gets the protagonist a job at the Moscow Communal Property Administration, Shvonder. People who work in the main household in this novel include Darya Petrovna and Zina, as well as the assistant Bormenthal, whose leg the main character bites. The main character takes the name Polygraph Polygraphovich after the doctor Philip Philippovich gives him the testes and pituitary gland of a deceased criminal, and he ends up in charge of purging the city of cats before reverting to his original state. For 10 points, name this novel in which Sharik is transformed into a human from the title character, by Mikhail Bulgakov.
Answer: Heart of a Dog [or Sobach'e serdtse]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The uppermost image in this painting is the cross which adorns the church at the top. A small red hat adorns the green man on the right of this canvas. The grape-bunch-like tree in the central-bottom part of the painting is a symbol of life, and the farmer and cow looking at each other in the foreground represent the give and take of agricultural life. In the distance, a man with a hoe walks along a road along with an upside down woman fiddling. Name, for 10 points, this 1911 work combining French surrealist technique with Yiddish folk themes by Marc Chagall.
Answer: I and the Village
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
According to one tradition, the namesake of this dynasty was a vassal of Gochihr. This dynasty fell after battles at Qadisiyya and Nahavand, and their final ruler, Yazdegerd III, was killed soon after. This dynasty's founder killed Artabanus at Hormizdagan to establish it, and set up a capital at Firuzabad, Ardashir I. The Roman emperor Valerian was supposedly used as a human footstool after being captured in battle by one ruler of this dynasty, Shapur I. This empire covered most of Iraq and the western half of Pakistan and Afghanistan before falling to the newly-established Muslims. For 10 points, name this empire which resettled Ctesiphon after its predecessors, the Parthians, a Pahlavi-speaking Zoroastrian dynasty in Iran.
Answer: Sassanid [or Sassanian] dynasty/empire
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
They are believed to be the source of high energy cosmic rays composed of relativistic heavy nuclei and they are the site of R-process nucleosynthesis. Their Kelvin-Helmholtz evolution involves the release of gravitational binding energy in the form of neutrinos. One type forms in companion star systems when a white dwarf accretes matter from a nearby red giant and approaches the Chandrasekhar limit, causing much of the dwarf's matter to ignite. The more common Type II occurs when the core of a massive star collapses, forming a neutron star, and rebounding in-falling matter expels the outer layers of the star, releasing enough energy to briefly shine more brightly than an entire galaxy. For 10 points, name this astronomical phenomenon.
Answer: supernovae/s
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This phenomenon is also known as fall dwindle disease, and it may be caused by the Varroa mite. A team from UC-San Francisco identified a mutation in the nocerna ceranae fungus that could be responsible for a jump from Asian to Western populations, and a 2007 Columbia University study found a strong correlation between affected populations and the presence of the Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus. Less likely explanations that have been suggested include genetically modified crops, nicotine-based pesticides, and the use of cell phones. For 10 points, name this phenomenon which has severely decreased the number of pollinating bee colonies throughout North America.
Answer: Colony Collapse Disorder [or CCD]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This play was originally titled In His Head and was intended to be staged in a head-shaped structure, but its name was changed due to logistical concerns. By the beginning of the play, the main character has already tried to kill himself by carbon monoxide inhalation and by crashing his car. He is tormented in flashbacks by the wealth of his brother Ben who "walked into the jungle at 17" and grew rich of diamonds, and he is also jealous of the success of his neighbor's son Bernard. His delusions of being a great man are reinforced by his wife Linda. For 10 points, name this Arthur Miller play about Willy Loman.
Answer: Death of a Salesman
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Although they can be naturally produced from a common germ cell, their isolation is difficult due to variations in possible epitope binding sites and epitope binding activities. Hybrids of human-mice versions can be constructed using recombinant DNA techniques and the mouse anti-human choriongonadotropin variety can be conjugated with a dye and employed in pregnancy tests. They can be produced artificially on a HAT medium through the fusion of an activated lymphocyte and cancerous bone marrow cell to form a hybridoma. For 10 points, what are these immunoglobulin molecules produced by plasma cells cloned from a single B cell that was activated by an antigen?
Answer: monoclonal antibody [prompt on antibody]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In Chinese myth, the goddess of this type went into forced exile after leaving her husband Houyi while he was on a mission. The Akkadian god of this entity was the son of Enlil and Ninlil, and the author of the later version of the Epic of Gilgamesh had a name meaning "[that god], accept my plea". In addition to Chang'e and Sin, the Greek goddess of this type, according to some myths, was the mother of the Nemean lion with Zeus and also had an affair with the shepherd Endymion, the Titan sister of Helios and Eos who was later largely supplanted by Artemis. For 10 points, name this type of deity including Selene and Luna, who held dominion over a heavenly body that comes out at night.
Answer: moon gods [accept equivalents]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This battle was fought near Burnet's Creek, and the deceased for one side included Abraham Owen and the prosecutor of Aaron Burr, Joseph Daviess, both Kentuckians. The leader of one side told his troops that they could not be harmed by the bullets of the other, and led an attack on the camp of the opposing general before daybreak. In the aftermath of this battle, the victors burned down Prophetstown, and The Prophet, who had led his forces, was humiliated, having failed to defend it while his brother was on a diplomatic mission. For 10 points, name this 1811 battle in which an absent Tecumseh's confederation was effectively defeated by troops under the governor of the Indiana Territory, William Henry Harrison, who later used it in a campaign slogan.
Answer: Battle of Tippecanoe
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This composer depicted a "Firemen's Parade on Main Street" in "Gong on the Hook and Ladder", and his early works include "Song for the Harvest Season". He set Vachel Lindsay's poem "General William Booth Enters into Heaven" to music, and "Children's Day Parade" and "Old Folks Gatherin" are movements in his third symphony, which contains many church hymns, The Camp Meeting. His second symphony contains a "Bronx cheer ending", written as a screw you to his teacher Horatio Parker, while another of his works represents strings as the silence of the Druids and a trumpet repeatedly asking the title entity. For 10 points, name this composer of "Central Park in the Dark" "The Unanswered Question" who included "The Housatonic at Stockbridge" and two other movements in his Three Places in New England.
Answer: Charles Edward Ives
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
As photon energy decreases, its cross section uniformly increases as it approaches the Thomson value and since no loop diagram is involved, it is susceptible to classical treatment and belongs to the second order graphs in Feynman diagrams. For low-energy photons perpendicular to the beam direction the differential cross section of this process obtained from the Klein-Nishina formula demonstrates almost symmetric scattering. For an electron moving at the speed of light, the scattered wavelength is the de Broglie wavelength. For 10 points, name this effect, the decrease in the energy of gamma rays or x-rays that interact with matter.
Answer: Compton effect
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One character in this novel risks his reputation on being able to save a child from a destroyed bridge, and earlier, that character talked about how he had travelled to the ghetto in New York City and slept with a fat prostitute. At the end of this novel, the narrator decides to take a job in Africa, and earlier, people from all over the region come to get free gaudy stuff from a Korean who comes to dominate the local scene, the Emperor of Supermarkets. The narrator's brother returns to Japan and travels south with his followers, and begins to run soccer practices as a way to energize the local youth with the hopes of starting a revolution like the one in the nineteenth century. The novel opens with the narrator contemplating the title action, in which his friend had painted his face red, stuck a cucumber in his rectum, and hung himself. At the end of this novel, Takashi admits to Mitsusaburo that he had raped their retarded sister, and commits suicide like she did. For 10 points, name this novel about two brothers returning to their ancestral home in Shikoku, by Kenzaburo Oe.
Answer: The Silent Cry [or Man'en gannen no futtoboru; or Football in the First Year of Man'en]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This singer's early hits included "Miss Brown to You", and her first studio recording was with part of a group led by Benny Goodman in 1935. She sang a popular version of a song by composer Rezso Seress [REZH-oh SHER-esh] known as the Hungarian suicide song, "Gloomy Sunday", and other famous songs of hers include "I Wished on the Moon" and "God Bless the Child". She got her nickname from saxophonist Lester Young, with whom she often worked. She may be most famous written for a song written by Lewis Allen which includes the lines "Scent of magnolias, sweet and fresh / and the sudden smell of burning flesh" and says that "Southern trees bear" the title entity, lynched African-Americans. For 10 points, name this author of the autobiography Lady Sings the Blues, a jazz singer best known for "Strange Fruit".
Answer: Billie Holiday or [Eleanora Fagan; or Elinore Harris]
2008 FEUERBACH Bonuses by Carleton A
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The protagonist of this novel takes an apartment with Deslauriers and is introduced to Rosanette by the businessman Arnoux. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel about Frederic Moreau.
Answer: A Sentimental Education [or L'Education sentimentale]
[10] This author wrote A Sentimental Education and a book which features an operation on a club foot gone bad, Madame Bovary.
Answer: Gustave Flaubert
[10] This unfinished novel by Flaubert features the two title characters developing a friendship while each was out for a walk. They buy a farm after receiving a fortune, then go dabble in chemistry, medicine, geology, and so on.
Answer: Bouvard and Pecuchet [or Bouvard et Pecuchet]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of his earliest roles was Rocky Graziano in Somebody Up There Likes Me. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this great American actor and salad dressing tycoon who died of lung cancer in September 2008.
Answer: Paul Newman
[10] In 1962, Newman was Oscar-nominated for playing Fast Eddie Felson in this film about the brutality of professional pool, which also starred Jackie Gleason as Minnesota Fats.
Answer: The Hustler
[10] Newman was also nominated in 1967 for playing this titular chain gang inmate with craving for hard-boiled eggs and a "failure to communicate."
Answer: Cool Hand Luke [or Luke Jackson]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these pre-Baroque composers, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Italian dude composed a bunch of madrigals and motets, although he is probably best known for his piece used at the Council of Trent, the Pope Marcellus Mass.
Answer: Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
[10] He used counterpoint in works like Miserere nostri, for 7-parts, and another 40-part motet, Spem in alium. Ralph Vaughan Williams famously adapted one of his works.
Answer: Thomas Tallis
[10] This man of mystery imitated a cricket in El Grillo and made two of the most famous masses to be made out of L'homme arme. He's considered the best composer before Palestrina and after his fellow member of the Franco-Flemish School, Guillaume du Fay
Answer: Josquin des Prez [or Josquin des Prez]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer these questions about the antics of the Taliban for 10 points each.,
[10] The Taliban evolved in response to these Anti-Soviet guerilla fighters from the 1980's, who took their name from the Arabic word for "strugglers."
Answer: Mujahedeen
[10] In September 1996, Taliban forces defeated the last Mujahedeen warlord that was able to hold this city, Afghanistan's capital.
Answer: Kabul
[10] The Taliban drew their members overwhelmingly from this Ethnic group, the largest in Afghanistan.
Answer: Pashtus [or Pashtuns]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer these questions related to the separation of electromagnetic radiation, for 10 points each.,
[10] Examples of this type of device, which refracts light at two faces to separate wavelengths, include Cornu, Littrow, and rectangular.
Answer: prism
[10] These devices utilize a grating or prism in conjunction with entrance and exit slits to scan over a range of wavelengths.
Answer: monochromater
[10] Conformal reflection holograms can be employed as this type of filter used to remove a certain wavelength band from the spectrum.
Answer: notch filter
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, give these 20th century novels by Czech authors.,
[10] This unfinished Kafka novel focuses on the surveyor K.'s futile attempts to enter the title structure.
Answer: The Castle [or Das Schloss]
[10] Like its author's R.U.R., it involves a source of labor becoming a threat to mankind; however, this 1937 Capek novel features the title amphibians instead of robots.
Answer: War with the Newts
[10] This anti-war satire by Jaroslav Hašek details the title character's misadventures in World War I.
Answer: The Good Soldier Švejk
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Give some naked chicks in paintings, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Titian work shows the title character on a bed holding roses while a girl kneels with her head bowed in the background.
Answer: Venus of Urbino
[10] In this work by Ingres, a woman has her back turned to the viewer, showing her characteristic extra vertebrae. There are blue curtains behind her and she holds something with peacock feathers in her hands.
Answer: La Grande Odalisque
[10] This was the only nude painted by Diego Velazquez. It features the title character looking at herself in a mirror, which a cherub is holding up.
Answer: The Rokeby Venus [or The Toilet of Venus]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This son of Odin and Frigg had runes carved into his tongue. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Norse god of poetry.
Answer: Bragi
[10] This wife of Bragi guarded the golden apples of youth, and was the goddess of spring.
Answer: Idun
[10] Idun was once captured by the giant Thiazi, who was the father of this wife of Njord and goddess of winter. She actually wanted to marry Baldur instead, but had to choose a pair of feet and picked Njord instead.
Answer: Skadi
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Its flag has a hammer and sickle on it, and most people here speak a dialect of Romanian. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this breakaway republic with Ukraine to its east and a namesake river to its west.
Answer: Transnistrian Republic [or Pridnestrovie]
[10] The Transnistrian Republic is a strip wishing to secede from this tiny nation with capital Chisinau.
Answer: Republic of Moldova [or Republica Moldova]
[10] This city, the second largest in all Moldova, is the capital of the Transnistrian Republic. Hilariously, a soccer team from this city has won the Moldovan National Division the last eight years.
Answer: Tiraspol
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these 20th century psychologists for 10 points each.,
[10] This author of The Interpersonal Theory of Psychiatry and Schizophrenia as a Human Process emphasized the need to remove authority figures and communicate equally with patients while advancing a Freudian theory of latent homosexual feelings causing mental illness.
Answer: Harry Stack Sullivan
[10] This psychiatrist with a namesake Depression Inventory helped develop Cognitive Therapy.
Answer: Aaron Temkin Beck
[10] He is best known for his research on violence and social learning, including the Bobo doll experiment.
Answer: Albert Bandura
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It is so named because it shares the color of a certain bodily fluid. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name the mineral form of Fe2O3, also known as ferrous oxide.
Answer: Hematite
[10] Hematite becomes pure iron by this process of combining the oxygen in an ore such as hematite with a reducing agent like carbon to produce a purer form of the metal.
Answer: Smelting
[10] Smelting could only use organic material like charcoal as fuel until this device was invented, into which coke and iron ore is poured from the top and air is pumped onto the bottom.
Answer: Blast furnace
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It quotes from both the Koran and the Gospels, and begins with the declaration, "In the name of our Lord, the exalted, the most high". For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this text composed partly in Persian and partly in Arabic which shows how monotheistic religions have progressed in its first of two parts.
Answer: The Book of Certitude [or Kitab-i-Iqan]
[10] The Book of Certitude is the primary religious text for this Iranian religion.
Answer: Baha'i faith
[10] The largest Baha'i temple is on Mount Carmel in this Israeli city.
Answer: Haifa
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer these questions about carnivorous plants other than Venus flytraps for 10 points each.,
[10] These plants, whose tropical variety is also called a "monkey cup," lure insects into their namesake structures where they are then digested.
Answer: Pitcher plant
[10] These members of the genus Utricularia trap prey by having bladders with lower water pressure than the surrounding environment.
Answer: Bladderworts
[10] Genus Drosera contains these plants whose sticky, nectar-laden tentacles bend back when triggered by unlucky insects.
Answer: Sundew
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Give these figures from the Revolutionary period in Russia, for 10 points each.,
[10] This man rode the "sealed train" into Petrograd and wrote the April Theses.
Answer: Vladimir Ilyich Lenin
[10] This man served as president of the Provisional Government of Russia immediately following the July Days and continuing until his own overthrow by Lenin.
Answer: Alexander Kerensky
[10] This Baltic German and White Warlord attacked Red supply trains in Siberia until 1920, when he set himself up as dictator in Mongolia in the belief that he was the reincarnation of Genghis Khan.
Answer: Baron Roman Ungern von Sternberg
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer these questions about the early years of the Civil War, for 10 points each.,
[10] In September 1862, Robert E. Lee entered the state of Maryland with this 50,000 man army.
Answer: The Army of Northern Virginia
[10] On September 13, in an abandoned camp constructed by Major Daniel Hill, a Union scout found a copy of these plans to trisect the Confederate army, one of the North's great intelligence victories.
Answer: Order 191
[10] This Union general, fearing that the Army of Northern Virginia was much bigger than in reality, waited for a full day for Lee to deploy rather than acting against the smaller army, leading to the battle of Antietam.
Answer: George McClellan
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these female authors for 10 points each.,
[10] Moving to Lincoln in 1890, she won a Pulitzer for 1922's One of Ours, and another of her novels is narrated by Jim Burden and deals with the Shimerda family.
Answer: Willa Cather
[10] Her novel Ethan Frome ends with the attempted suicide of a man and his wife's cousin in Starkfield.
Answer: Edith Wharton
[10] She won a Pulitzer for So Big, and in addition to being a member of the Algonquin Round Table, her other works include Giant and Show Boat.
Answer: Edna Ferber
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these volcanic eruptions, for 10 points each.,
[10] This eruption in the mid second millennium B.C. forced 60 cubic kilometers of pumice and ash into the atmosphere, blowing apart the island of Santorini and contributing to the fall of civilization in nearby Crete.
Answer: Theran Eruption or Minoan Eruption
[10] The "year without a summer" was caused by the 1816 eruption of this volcano in Indonesia's Sunda Islands, which ejected 100 cubic kilometers of ash into the atmosphere and killed around 70,000.
Answer: Mount Tambora
[10] This Indonesian supervolcano's last eruption about 70,000 years ago ejected 2800 cubic kilometers of volcanic detritus and it is theorized that the climactic effects of the eruption caused a genetic bottleneck in the human species.
Answer: Toba
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Names these peace treaties, for 10 points each.,
[10] This treaty was signed in 1802 by Joseph Bonaparte and Marquess Cornwallis as a "definitive treaty of peace" between France and England. Hostilities resumed in slightly more than a year.
Answer: Treaty of Amiens
[10] This pact was in response to Germany's aggression in the Sudetenland; upon its conclusion, Chamberlain proclaimed "peace in our time." Germany was at war with Britain within a year.
Answer: Munich Agreement/Pact/etc
[10] Following the Battle of Fallen Timbers, this 1795 treaty between a coalition of Native American tribes and the United States government decreed a line beyond which whites would not be allowed to settle. As the existence of Cleveland testifies, this was never enforced.
Answer: Treaty of Greenville
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Its members included Edward Weston and Willard Van Dyke, and its stated goal was "to define photography as an art form . . . through purely photographic methods". For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this group of photographers that took its name from the setting providing the greatest field depth on a large-format camera.
Answer: Group f/64
[10] This man was probably the most famous member of Group f/64. He took a bunch of pictures of internment camps and Yosemite Park.
Answer: Ansel Eaton Adams
[10] This female member of Group f/64 was famous for her pictures of flowers and her 1910 picture of a woman, The Dream.
Answer: Imogen Cunningham
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify these related mathematical concepts for 10 points each.,
[10] This probability theorem, named for a British Presbyterian Minister, states that the probability of A given B is equal to the probability of B given A times the probability of B divided by the probability of A.
Answer: Bayes theorem
[10] Bayes theorem can be used in statistical inference, where a model is created by multiplying a likelihood function by this function, which is essentially a statement of your previous beliefs.
Answer: Prior distribution or
[10] Bayesian methods can be applied to this statistical set of quantitative methods used for optimization through the development of a posterior probability distribution to solve problems in terms of initial conditions, choices, and consequences.
Answer: statistical decision theory
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these Korean dynasties, for 10 points each.,
[10] This kingdom emerged victorious from the Three Kingdoms Period in 668, and then kicked out their allies, the Tang Dynasty, soon after.
Answer: Silla kingdom [or Unified Silla dynasty]
[10] This dynasty was established when Wang Kon defeated the last of the fractured peninsula in 936. They got hit by the Mongols and saw reforms fail until being overthrown in 1392, but not before giving the region its modern name.
Answer: Koryo dynasty
[10] This last dynasty was established when its namesake defeated the Koryo and set up a capital in modern-day Seoul. It lasted until 1910, when the nation was annexed by Japan.
Answer: Yi [or Choson] dynasty
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Characters in this novel include speculator and Curtis Jadwin, and Charles Cressler, a wheat dealer. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel about wheat speculation in the Chicago Board of Trade, the second of an intended trilogy.
Answer: The Pit: A Story of Chicago
[10] This author wrote The Pit, and died before he could complete his Epic of Wheat trilogy with The Wolf. He also wrote McTeague.
Answer: Frank Norris [or Benjamin Franklin Norris, Jr.]
[10] This was the first novel in the Epic of Wheat Trilogy. Based on the Mussel Slough Incident, it features farmers of—you guessed it—wheat in the San Joaquin Valley being pissed at the Pacific and Southwestern Railroad.­
Answer: The Octopus: A Story of California
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, name these internet-famous things originating in Sweden.,
[10] This anthropomorphic singer got its start from a 17-year-old imitating the sound of an engine, and got unimaginably popular from there. The question writer downloaded his album of "Christmas hits", although he may be better known for remixing the theme song to Beverly Hills Cop, "Axel F".
Answer: Crazy Frog
[10] This Swedish dance DJ became internet famous for his nerdy songs of the album LOL <(^^,)> , [ell oh ell with an Asian emoticon after it] including "Boten Anna" and "Vi Sitter i Ventrilo och spelar DotA".
Answer: Basshunter [or Jonas Erik Altberg]
[10] An early hit was this flash animation from 2000 which featured misheard lyrics from "Habbaytek" by Lebanese singer Azar Habib, such as "winning is fun and kinky", or whatever the Swedish for that is.
Answer: Hatten ar din

Warning: Unknown: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_voemel1qdena7nfqjgao3n94d1, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in Unknown on line 0

Warning: Unknown: Failed to write session data (files). Please verify that the current setting of session.save_path is correct () in Unknown on line 0