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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 FEUERBACH Tossups by Brandeis
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It is equivalent to the trace of the Hessian matrix of a function and in Minkowski spacetime and the d'Alembertian operator is an application of it. It can also be applied, component-wise, to vector fields, in which case in three dimensions it is equal to the gradient of the divergence minus the curl of the curl. The problem of finding an unknown function from the result of this operator applied to the function is known as Poisson's equation. This linear second-order differential operator also appears in electrostatics where it relates the potential to the charge density. Functions for which this is zero everywhere are called harmonic functions and have no local extrema, and their average value over a spherical surface is equal to their value at the center of that sphere. For 10 points, name this scalar operator equal to the divergence of the gradient.
Answer: Laplace operator or Laplacian
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They are formed from large coral reefs which have risen above sea level, which prevents below-ground burial since coral is so tough. Some of them are named Fat Deer, Boot and Fleming, the latter of which cannot be visited by civilians as it houses a Navy base. Currently, they can be reached only by a single two-lane highway which meant no one could avoid the US border inspections in 1982 despite being part of the United States. Henry Flagler originally connected this archipelago to the rest of the country with the Overseas Railrway, though the train itself no longer functions. Last seen in the news for the Cuban refugees arriving at the Seven-Mile Bridge, name, for 10 points, this island chain off the southern coast of Florida.
Answer: The Florida Keys
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He began his career as an Argonaut helping his half-nephew Jason on his quest for the Golden Fleece. Hercules killed his father, Neleus, after Neleus refused him welcome, and Memnon killed his son in battle. He had traveled to the Trojan War with that son, Antilochus, where he carried a solid gold shield while leading his troops. However, he still survived the war and was able to welcome Telemachus to his home in The Odyssey although he can't tell him anything about what happened to Odysseus. Known for giving a lot of advice to the Greek army, name for 10 points this King of Pylos who appears in the Homeric Epics.
Answer: Nestor
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After conditions in this location began to decline, an armed group of men calling themselves the Raiders attacked fellow residents in an attempt to steal food, jewelry and other valuables, but Peter McCullough's Regulators dispersed them. The sheer numbers of people in this 26.5-acre complex caused the pollution of the water supply from Stockade Creek and subsequent rampant disease. A young man named Dorence Atwater was employed to keep a list of the dead by the commandant, Henry Wirz. For 10 points, identify this prison camp that saw the death of 13,000 of the 45,000 Union prisoners of war held there.
Answer: Andersonville Prison
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In this play, one character's honor is described as "as spotless as clean sheets drying in the sun," and the Moon makes several appearances as a speaking character. The Wife and Mother-in-Law sing a lullaby that repeats "Sleep, my flower blossom, for the horse won't drink," before the entrance of the Girl. Only one person in the play is named; that man leaves his wife and child to run away with his lover, leading to the violent events that give the work its title. For 10 points, identify this tragedy by in which the Groom and Leonardo kill each other over the Bride, written by Federico Garcia Lorca.
Answer: Blood Wedding
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This man's second wife Anna Valetta completed his last work, which claimed that human needs are met by participation in societal institutions and was posthumously published as Scientific Theory of Culture. His doctoral work examined family life among Aborigines and he wrote two works examining aspects of "savage society." The creator of functionalism, he wrote the introduction to Facing Mount Kenya, a work by his former student Jomo Kenyatta, as well as The Trobriand Islands, a location that formed the backbone for his studies. For 10 points, identify this Polish anthropologist, most famous for his Argonauts of the Western Pacific.
Answer: Bronislaw Malinowski
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This artist used classical ruins to symbolize the temporary nature of material things, such as in his Marriage of St. Giustina, and his frescoes at the Villa Barbaro include portraits of the Barbaro family and pets in rooms like the Hall of Olympus and the Room of the Little Dog. In Supper at Emmaus he introduced several superfluous characters, including two children playing with a dog, into a traditional religious scene. This artist's placement of nontheological figures in religious scenes later got him in trouble with the Inquisition when he added soldiers, dwarves, animals and revelers to a depiction of the Last Supper. For 10 points, who was this painter of The Marriage at Cana and Feast in the House of Levi?
Answer: Paolo Veronese
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Nathan Huggins claims that this movement failed due to the "provinciality" of identity of its members. In one work of this movement, a man is fired for drinking moonshine, and in another, "as far as the eye of God could see/Darkness covered everything/Blacker than a hundred midnights." The Gift of Laughter discusses the influence of this movement's members on theater and was written by the author of Plum Bun. An essay declaring "a spiritual Coming of Age" helped Alain Locke found this movement. For 10 points, name this movement epitomized by authors such as Wallace Thurman, Arna Bontemps, Zora Neale Hurston, and Langston Hughes.
Answer: Harlem Renaissance
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This work contains such sections as "The Immediate Erotic Stages, or, The Musical Erotic," as well as a discussion of Don Giovanni. The first volume was purported to have been written by A, the aesthete, and is epitomized by its final section, "Diary of a Seducer." The second and final volume claims to have been written by the fictional author Judge Vilhelm and focuses on ethical matters. Victor Eremita is a character who claimed to have compiled the entire text of this work, which he supposedly found in a drawer. For 10 points, name this seminal work of Soren Kierkegaard, whose name derives from its examination of two different, mutually exclusive phases of existence.
Answer: Either/Or or Enten-Eller
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The Verdet constant describes his eponymous effect involving the rotation of light polarization in a magnetic field. His cup directly measures ion currents collected by a shielded electrode and his investigations into materials that partially expel external magnetic fields from their interior led him to name the phenomenon diamagnetism. The spreading of charge on the surface of a hollow conductor to produce no electric field inside is known as his cage. He also gives his name to a constant equal to the coulombs per mole of electrons and to the quantity describing the ratio of potential difference to stored charge. For 10 points, name this British scientist who has a law of induction and an eponymous unit of capacitance.
Answer: Michael Faraday
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One of this type of composition was written when the daughter of the composer's friend died suddenly of polio, and Samuel Barber's was rejected by its commissioner after Barber presented the perpetuum mobile third movement. Leopold Auer refused to premiere one of these in D major, saying it was unplayable, a term also applied to another one in D major whose final cadenza is accompanied by orchestra. A famous example in e minor is notable for its pioneering omission of an orchestral introduction and was written by Mendelssohn, and Vivaldi wrote a ubiquitous collection of these titled The Four Seasons. For 10 points, name this type of solo composition for a certain stringed instrument.
Answer: violin concerto [prompt on partial answer; accept obvious equivalents]
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In one of his poems, he wonders "if anyone looked at me, forty years back/ And thought, That'll be the life." This writer, who declined the Poet Laureateship of his country, collected his musical criticisms in the book All What Jazz. The narrator imagines the life of his apartment's former tenant in "Mr. Bleaney," and one of his most famous poems notes that "what will survive of us is love," "An Arundel Tomb." Name, for 10 points, this British poet and jazz critic whose best-known works include "The Whitsun Weddings" and "Annus Mirabalis," as well as "This Be the Verse" in which he wrote "they fuck you up, your mum and dad."
Answer: Philip Larkin
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Composer Henri Lazarof wrote a string octet inspired by a visit to this location, which gained a new rotunda in the early 1800s. It contains the Nahuatl Florentine Codex and the Erinna papyrus. This location is known for unusual columns that are wider at the top than at the bottom, and possibly its most famous feature is a pietra serena sandstone staircase with oval stairs that leads into the main reading room. Name, for 10 points, this Mannerist construction, designed by Michelangelo to house Pope Clement VII's books.
Answer: the Laurentian Library
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One group first introduced in this book believes that "the purpose of argument is to change the nature of truth" and are experts in prana-bindu. That group from this book began when Raquella Berto-Anirul survived the Omnius Scourge and gained access to the Other Memory. Using the Water of Life during allows members of that group in this book to become Reverend Mothers, one of whom, Murbella, united this group with the Honored Matres. In this book, the culmination of that group's breeding program was foiled when Jessica chose to give birth to a son rather than a daughter. For 10 points, name this novel in which the Kwistaz Haderach is produced by the Bene Gesserit, the namesake of a series of works by Frank Herbert.
Answer: Dune [accept Bene Gesserit before is it read]
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Amides are produced in the Schmidt reaction by reacting hydrazoic acid and a compound of this type, and in Claisen-Schmidt condensation, one of these reacts with an aldehyde. These compounds yield tertiary alcohols when reacted with Grignard reagents, and two of them are formed when ozonolysis is performed on an internal alkene. Tollens' reagent will not produce a silver mirror in the presence of this functional group, unlike in the presence of a similar group of compounds, aldehydes. For 10 points, name this functional group consisting of a carbon double-bonded to an oxygen and single-bonded to two carbons, the simplest example of which is acetone.
Answer: ketone
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He used the unpopularity of Nabonidus as the pretext for one of his actions. The namesake of a manual on good rule by Xenophon, this man died without conquering Egypt, which was accomplished by his successor Cambyses II. This ruler founded his capital city at the place he defeated his grandfather Astyages. When Sardis fell to him in 546, the defeated King Croesus was surprised by a vague Delphic Oracle prediction. This man conquered Lydia along with Babylon and Assyria in his drive to the West; he first conquered the Medes and .ater let the Jews return from exile in Babylon. For 10 points, name this man, the first Achaemenids Dynasty ruler and first Emperor of Persia.
Answer: Cyrus II [or Cyrus the Great; prompt on Cyrus]
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Speculation about the actual location of this battle has arisen due to the fact that it used to be called the Battle of Redemore, and there is a reedy moor near Ambien Hill, where the battle supposedly occurred. The outcome was caused by the betrayal of William Stanley, whose son had been taken by the losers as insurance of his loyalty, while other instances of betrayal occurred as Henry Percy, the Earl of Northumbria refused to aid the losers, despite promising to do so. The leader of the losing army was killed in a bog after having been knocked off his horse in, for 10 points, what 1485 battle, which saw Henry VII defeat Richard III, thus allowing victory of the House of Lancaster over the House of York in the Wars of the Roses?
Answer: Battle of Bosworth Field
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The acceleration of a heavy fluid by a light fluid affects cloud-shock interactions which results in the characteristic Rayleigh-Taylor fingers of this object. It contains a pulsar rotating so quickly as to give the appearance of superluminal motion. Its apparent magnitude is negative three point two, and it notably emits a wide spectrum of synchrotron radiation. In the 18th century, Charles Messier rediscovered this object in the constellation Taurus, giving it one of its appelations, M1. In 1054, Chinese astronomers observed the supernova that formed, for 10 points, what celestial object?
Answer: Crab Nebula[or Messier 1 before it is mentioned]
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The narrator of this story theorizes about a God Book that happens to tell the story of the life of a certain person, and a Crimson Hexagon. The namesake complex is described as an endless series of hexagons, which the narrator postulates is finite but unbounded. The characters believe that one can become a god by reading a mythical book that is a catalog of all other books. Most books in the development are gibberish, containing only random combinations of 22 letters, spaces, commas and periods and the narrator postulates that a much more efficient way to store the information would be to use one book with infinitely thin pages. For 10 points, identify this story, concerning a library with infinite books, written by Jorge Luis Borges.
Answer: The Library of Babel [or La Biblioteca de Babel]
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This state's independence was ended by the Treaty of Leoben when the Austrians sued for peace. It was founded over a thousand years before by refugees fleeing the cities of Grado and Aquilea as defense against barbarian invaders following the fall of the Roman Empire. It eventually conquered Istria and the Dalmatian Coast as well as some Aegean islands. It was divided after the Treaty of Campo Formio and had a longstanding rivalry with Genoa, with whom it competed for trade. It may have caused the sack of Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade and soon after expanded onto the Italian mainland, conquering the terrafirma. Known as La Serrenissima, name, for 10 points, this Italian republic led by the Doge which had a lot canaals.
Answer: Venice or the Venetian Republic
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This compound is synthesized with the aid of a specific transferase, and its synthesis is inhibited by hemicholinium-3. The basal nucleus of Meynert contains high concentrations of it, and it opens ligand-gated sodium channels to produce one of its most notable effects. Edrophonium prevents its breakdown and thus can be used as a diagnostic tool for myesthenia gravis. Botulin blocks the release of this compound, and a decrease in levels of it in the brain is linked to Alzheimer's disease. For 10 points, what is this compound that binds nicotinic and muscarinic receptors to generate muscule contractions?
Answer: acetylcholine
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Medieval prayers of penitence called piyyutim are recited on this holiday, which is preceded by a period of self-examination during the month of Elul. The supposed blotting out of the wicked from the Earth and the inscription of the names of the righteous into the Book of Life occur during this holiday. Prayerbooks called machzorim are read on this holiday, which takes place on the first and second of Tishrei and also involves the ceremonial blowing of the shofar. For 10 points, identify this holiday, the Jewish new year, after which follow 10 days of repentance before Yom Kippur.
Answer: Rosh Hashanah
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One character in it is surprised to see that from the moon, the earth "resembles but a little hoop in size"; he has traveled there to recover a colleague's lost sanity. Handel and Vivaldi wrote operas based on this work, which ends with Rogero "raising as high as he could raise in air his dagger" and using it to smite King Rodomonte. The poem was preceded by another author's poem that had the title character "innamorato," and in this work, that title character goes mad with love for Angelica, princess of Cathay, when she absconds with a Saracen knight. For 10 points, what is this epic poem about a noble paladin by Ludovico Ariosto?
Answer: Orlando Furioso
2008 FEUERBACH Bonuses by Brandeis
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In this process, a strand of RNA antisense to a target gene's mRNA inhibits that gene's expression. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this gene silencing process that won Andrew Fire and Craig Mello a Nobel in biology.
Answer: RNA interference
[10] RNAi may regulate these, sequences of DNA that leap around the genome, causing mutations.
Answer: Transposons
[10] This is one type of RNA that RNAi uses to inhibit gene translation. These extremely short, highly conserved strands have also been linked to cell proliferation in several types of cancer.
Answer: microRNA or miRNA
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Identify these trickster gods, for 10 points each.,
[10] This figure in Native American mythologies like the Crow and Nez Perce may have created men out of mud.
Answer: Coyote
[10] This storytelling Ashanti trickster serves Nyame and was notable foiled by Tar Baby.
Answer: Anansi
[10] This hard-partying Aztec god of song and dance pulls pranks on other gods and causes wars on Earth for his own amusement. His name is thought to mean "old coyote."
Answer: Huehuecoyotl
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The first person to hold this position was sent to Kent on a conversion mission by Pope Gregory I. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this position currently held by Rowan Williams.
Answer: Archbishop of Canterbury
[10] This Archbishop of Canterbury refused to ratify the Constitutions of Clarendon, provoking the deadly ire of Henry II.
Answer: Saint Thomas a Becket
[10] This is the name of the Anglo-Saxon king Pope Gregory I sent St. Augustine of Canterbury to convert.
Answer: Ethelbert of Kent
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Philip Sidney's home is the subject of one of this man's poems, and one of his notable plays is called The Isle of Dogs. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this playwright of Volpone and Bartholomew Fair.
Answer: Ben Jonson
[10] In this play by Ben Jonson, Face, Subtle and Doll swindle their way through London while Master Lovewit is out of the house.
Answer: The Alchemist
[10] Jonson also penned this poem that begins,"Drink to me only with thine eyes."
Answer: "To Celia"
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Identify these things related to quantum theory for 10 points each.,
[10] This interpretation of quantum theory claims that particles can be completely described by their wave functions without the involvement of hidden variables.
Answer: Copenhagen Interpretation
[10] This man was one of the two scientists who formulated the Copenhagen Interpretation. He's kind of famous for a theory claiming that some observed quantities cannot be specified simultaneously.
Answer: Werner Heisenberg
[10] This alternate interpretation of quantum mechanics holds that wave functions are only abstract mathematical constructs with no real physical applications.
Answer: statistical interpretationor ensemble interpretation
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His exploits outside the rock world include narrating a production of Peter and the Wolf and starring as the Goblin King in Labyrinth. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man, better known for songs like "Modern Love" and "Changes."
Answer: David Bowie
[10] This is Bowie's androgynous Martian alter ego who rises and falls during a namesake album.
Answer: Ziggy Stardust
[10] Bowie also has a cameo as himself in this movie in which he judges a walkoff.
Answer: Zoolander
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Name these works or authors with something in common for 10 points each.,
[10] The title character of this man's August, a sequel to Vagabonds, wanders around trying to find happiness and utopian society. He fails.
Answer: Knut Hamsun
[10] Lena Grove walks to Jefferson to find Lucas Burch in this Faulkner novel that also features Joe Christmas.
Answer: Light in August
[10] This poorly researched book by Barbara Tuchman recounts the first month of and the events leading to World War I.
Answer: The Guns of August
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Name these operas that were their composer's firsts, for 10 points each.,
[10] This work is not only its composer's first opera, but is also one of the first recognized operas ever composed. At the end, the titular character is carried to heaven by his father, Apollo.
Answer: L'Orfeo
[10] Sergei Rachmaninoff wrote this first opera about a titular aristocrat who absconds with a band of Gypsies. It brought him top honors in composition from conservatory judges.
Answer: Aleko
[10] This composer's first opera is Oberto, Conte di San Bonifacio, but he might be better known for Nabucco and a canzone that proves that the Duke is not actually dead in a sack from Rigoletto.
Answer: Giuseppe Verdi
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Chronicling the lives of a father and a son, this work is separated into five novels. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this work, published under the pseudonym Alcofribas Nasier.
Answer: The Life of Gargantua and of Pantagruel [or La vie de Gargantua et de Pantagruel]
[10] This French Renaissance writer was also a doctor and wrote Gargantua and Pantagruel.
Answer: Francois Rabelais
[10] This French engraver and artist was commissioned in 1853 to create illustrations for Gargantua and Pantagruel. He is most famous for his book of illustrations, London: A Pilgrimmage, which examined poverty in the namesake city.
Answer: Gustave Dore
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For 10 points each, name these data structures.,
[10] This type of data structure dictates that each node contain only one parent and no greater than two children.
Answer: binary tree
[10] Useful for lookup operations, this data structure associates keys with values.
Answer: hash table
[10] This basic data structure, which comes in several varieties, is made of a series of nodes containing data and references to adjacent nodes.
Answer: linked list
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these Impressionist painters for 10 points each.,
[10] This painter of The Avenue, Sydenham and Peasant Girl Drinking Her Coffee was called the "father of Impressionism" for his influence on other noted artists of the movement.
Answer: Camille Pissarro
[10] This British Impressionist is noted not only for his landscapes like The Footbridge at Argenteuil, but also for the fact that one of those landscapes, The Lane of Poplars at Moret, was stolen three times.
Answer: Alfred Sisley
[10] The movement was named after Impression: Sunrise, a painting by this fan of haystacks and water lilies.
Answer: Claude Monet
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This revolt against the Qing dynasty saw the death of as many as 30 million people. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this revolt which saw the establishment of the namesake Heavenly Kingdom.
Answer: Taiping Rebellion or The Rebellion of Great Peace
[10] This Christian convert claimed that he was the younger brother of Jesus and led the Taiping rebellion.
Answer: Hong Xiuquan
[10] The rebellion was finally quelled at this city, the administrative capital of the Taiping Heavanly Kingdom.
Answer: Nanking or Nanjing
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these south Asian rivers, for 10 points each.,
[10] This river of Burma empties into the Andaman Sea and provides water access to Rangoon and Mandalay.
Answer: IrrawaddyRiver
[10] The border between Laos and Myanmar and Thailand is delineated by this thirteenth-longest river in the world, which also passes through Vietnam, China and Cambodia.
Answer: MekongRiver
[10] This other river in north Vietnam begins in the Yunnan province of China and ends at the Gulf of Tonkin after passing through Hanoi.
Answer: RedRiver
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Gaps between its sections are called nodes of Ranvier, and it acts as an insulator to improve conduction along axons. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this phospholipid layer that forms the brain's white matter.
Answer: myelin sheath
[10] Myelin is deposited along axons in the peripheral nervous system by Schwann cells and in the central nervous system by this type of cell.
Answer: oligodendrocytes
[10] This is an autoimmune disease caused by demyelination that often follows an infection like the flu. It is named after two French physicians.
Answer: Guillain-Barre syndrome
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For nine people in black robes, the Supreme Court can get pretty kinky. Name these Supreme Court cases related to sex for 10 points each.,
[10] This 1965 case protected the right to privacy, as being found in "penumbras" and "emanations" of the Constitution, even though privacy is never mentioned in the Bill of Right. As a result, a Connecticut law preventing the sale of contraceptives was struck down.
Answer: Griswold v. Connecticut [either order]
[10] This 1986 case was prompted by the arrest of the defendant for violating Georgia's anti sodomy law, and the court ruled that the Constitution did not create "a fundamental right upon homosexuals to engage in sodomy."
Answer: Bowers v. Hardwick [either name, either order]
[10] This 1961 case was prompted by the warrantless search and seizure of pornography and sexually suggestive objects from the house of the plaintiff. The Supreme Court ruled that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment was not permissible in a court of law.
Answer: Mapp v. Ohio [either order]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
His big break occurred when Serge Diaghilev was sufficiently impressed with Feu d'Artifice to give him a commission. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this composer, whose other works include Symphony of Psalms and The Rake's Progress.
Answer: Igor Stravinsky
[10] Diaghilev produced the premiere of this Stravinsky work about an emperor's love for the song of a certain creature. Its libretto is based on a Hans Christian Andersen tale.
Answer: The Nightingale or Le Rossignol
[10] Stravinsky also wrote a charming setting of this Edward Lear poem. In it, two characters go to sea "in a beautiful pea-green boat" and eat quince with a runcible spoon.
Answer: "The Owl and the Pussycat"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He is renowned for poetical travelogues, such as The Narrow Road to the Deep North, as well as for his banana plant. For 10 points each:,
[10] Who is this Japanese poet of the Edo period?
Answer: Matsuo Basho
[10] Matsuo Basho was a master of this type of Japanese poem, which has three lines of five, seven, and five syllables each.
Answer: haiku
[10] Basho also wrote this unique literary criticism in which he compares poems in the style of a children's pastime.
Answer: The Seashell Game
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these novels of Edith Wharton for 10 points each.,
[10] Wharton condemns high society in this book, in which Bertha arranges the downfall of Lily Bart, who kills herself by overdosing on a sleep-inducing drug.
Answer: The House of Mirth
[10] Wharton condemns high society again with this story of a wealthy lawyer, Newland Archer, who falls in love with his fiancee's cousin, the married countess Ellen Olenska.
Answer: The Age of Innocence
[10] This work isn't actually a novel, but a treatise on interior design that lambasts Victorian and praises classical European style. It was co-written by Wharton and architect Ogden Codman.
Answer: The Decoration of Houses
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After the fall of the Mycenaean civilization in Greece, thousands of people were displaced as populations shifted at the end of the Bronze Age. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Greek population movement which saw people move from mainland Greece to the coast of Asia Minor
[10] According to linguistic evidence and Greek tradition, this Greek group replaced the fleeing Ionians in the Peloponnesus.
Answer: Diels-Alder reaction This other notable reaction reacts an ylide with either an aldehyde or a ketone and won its discoverer the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
[10] This city in Attica was one of the only population centers to survive both the migrations and the Dorian Invasions.
Answer: Wittig reaction This eponymous reaction is used to create carbon-carbon bonds by adding an alpha/beta unsaturated carbonyl compound to a carbanion.
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Since we are neither cute nor clever, answer these questions about a philosopher who is not Feuerbach for 10 points each:,
[10] This Scottish philosopher is known not only for his work on ethical intuitionism, but also for his translations of Aristotle's Metaphysics and Nichomachean Ethics.
Answer: Sir William David Ross
[10] Ross makes his case for moral realism in this most famous work.
Answer: The Right and the Good
[10] This term, as Ross uses it, designates an intuitive moral principle that may be superceded by more specific or immediate moral duties. In law, this refers to a case that is supported by obvious evidence before trial.
Answer: prima facie
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, answer these questions about Nahuatl, an Uto-Aztecan language spoken by 1.5 million people in Mexico.,
[10] Nahuatl words may encode as much information as an English sentence due to their high number ofthese indivisible units of semantic meaning per word.
Answer: Morpheme
[10] Nahuatl's high morpheme-to-word ratio makes it a member of this morphological type of languages.
Answer: Polysynthetic [prompt on synthetic]
[10] In Nahuatl,as inmany polysynthetic languages, a verb rootcan be separated and a direct object insertedthrough the process of "incorporating" one of these.
Answer: a noun

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