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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 EFT Tossups by Vinokurov 3
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
A 1925 work by Henri Pirenne chronicled the emergence of medieval ones, and this entity titles a posthumously published work by Weber that was later incorporated into Economy and Society. In a book partly written as a response to Robert Moses, Jane Jacobs wrote of the "Death and Life of Great American" ones. A book containing such chapters as "The Regional Framework of Civilization," was written by Lewis Mumford about "The Culture of" these entities. Articles such as "Tweed Days in St. Louis" are collected in a Steffens work about the "Shame of" these, and Robert Halpern wrote a book about "Rebuilding the Inner" type. FTP, identify these locations, examples of which include New York and Los Angeles.
Answer: city or cities
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
In one section of this work, a man is beheaded after attempting to plunder a woman made of precious gems in the City of Brass. In another, Yunan dies from turning the pages of a poisoned book after unjustly killing Daban. One character in this book is buried alive with his dead wife by cannibals before being enslaved by the Old Man of the Sea. Cassim is killed after his forgetfulness traps him inside a cave in another story in this work, which ends with the marriage of Shah Zaman to Dunayazad. Translated into English by Richard Burton, it includes the stories of the seven voyages of Sinbad. FTP, name this work narrated by Scheherezade, which contains the story of Ali Baba and the forty thieves.
Answer: One Thousand and One Nights [or The Arabian Nights' Entertainments]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
In the introduction to this work's first edition, its author claimed that "everything which bears the least semblance of an hypothesis must be excluded," from the considerations of this text. It contains a chapter that points out the flaws of the physico-theological, and ontological arguments, while the history, architectonic, discipline, and canon of the titular concept are addressed in its second section on the "Transcendental Doctrines of Method." Containing a derivation of "pure conceptions of the understanding," called categories, for ten points, identify this philosophical work which argues for synthetic a priori truths, the first major critique of Immanuel Kant.
Answer: Critique of Pure Reason or Kritik der reinen Vernunft
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
In the 1430s, a manual entitled Straight Talk on Agricultural Matters was in wide use in this nation, although authorship has not been definitively attributed to John McCain. The first full history of this nation appeared in 1495 and was entitled Comprehensive Mirror of the Eastern Kingdom, and like China, this nation also experienced a Three Kingdoms era, though in this nation it involved the kingdoms of Silla, Paekche, and Koguryo. Toyetomi Hideyoshi twice tried to invade it, but his last attempt was defeated at Noryang Point, and until 1910, this nation was ruled by the Yi, or Choson, dynasty. For ten points, identify this nation which was split into north and south halves at the 38th parallel in 1953.
Answer: Korea (do not accept either "North Korea" or "South Korea")
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Ancymidol and paclobutrazol are used to inhibit the synthesis of this class of compounds, and this class of compounds is derived from an ent-Kaurene intermediate, which is synthesized from geranylgeryanyl diphosphate produced by a terpenoid pathway. These hormones can be glycosylated in order to decrease their activity, and they operate by acting on the DELLA proteins. They are often used in the growth of seedless grapes, and they were originally discovered by scientists studying foolish seedling disease, or Bakanae. FTP, name this class of plant hormone which is responsible for bolting and stem growth.
Answer: Gibberelins
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One member of this sect split from it and created the "Ring of Light" group. This sect believes that a series of smaller enlightenments is necessary to reach the "Final Realization". They believe that America is the Beast of revelation mentioned in the Bible, and that a war between the US and this religion's native country will lead to Armageddon. Originally beginning as a meditation club, they reorganized themselves as "Aleph" five years after some of their members used sharpened umbrellas and chemical weapons to kill twelve people. FTP, name this religious cult that carried out a sarin gas attack in the Tokyo subway in 1995.
Answer: Aum Shinrikyo (accept "Aleph" before mention)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The title character eventually marries the sister of William Walters in one work, while another title character goes to Virginia with his master and prospers from running a plantation in The History of Colonel Jacque. This author hailed a "hieroglyphic state machine, contrived to punish fancy in," in his poem "A Hymn to the Pillory," and a fable taken from Roger L'Estrange begins his pamphlet "The Shortest Way with Dissenters." The narrator H.F. Narrates a work based on the events of 1655, A Journal of the Plague Year, and he wrote of a woman who accidentally marries her own brother and a man who spends 35 years away from home after being shipwrecked. FTP, identify this autor of Moll Flanders and Robinson Crusoe.
Answer: Daniel Defoe
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This man's grandfather was nicknamed "Diamond," for his wealth, and his first appearance in Parliament was as MP for Old Sarum. Dismissed from the military for a sarcastic speech in support of Frederick Louis against George II, this man attacked Carteret's foreign policy during the War of the Austrian Succession. Becoming paymaster general of the royal forces in 1746, this man declared in 1755 that "I am sure I can save this country, and nobody else can," and formed a joint ministry with Lord Newcastle. He would not hold the prime ministership until late in life, when he formed a cabinet with Augustus Fitzroy and Charles Townshend. FTP, identify this British politician called the "Great Commoner."
Answer: William Pitt the Elder, First Earl of Chatham
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The losses in these types of materials depend only on the power factor as long as applied voltage and frequency are constant, and result due to the fact that current does not lead voltage by exactly 90 degrees. This term describes a type of heating that occurs in materials such as thermosetting glue that are subjected to a high-frequency field, and if the polarizability of a material is known, the Clausius-Mosotti relation allows the calculation of this type of constant. Intrinsic, thermal, and discharge are all types of a namesake "breakdown" which occurs in these materials. Referring to materials characterized by the property of capacitance, for ten points, identify this general term for insulators wedged into a capacitor.
Answer: dielectrics
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The second movement of one of these works incorporates variations on the French song "La Gentille et Jeune Lisette." Another includes strange pauses in its final movement, and is named for an oboe theme that listeners interpreted as clucking. In addition to The Queen of France and The Hen, one of these works begins and ends with a brass fanfare, and is titled Hornsignal. A set of six of them are named for Paris, while in another of these compositions, soft variations on "Ah, vous dirai-je maman" are interrupted by a sudden fortissimo chord. FTP, name these works by an Austrian composer known as the "father" of this genre, which include the Clock, Farewell and Surprise.
Answer: symphonies of Joseph Haydn [prompt on partial answer]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One writer with this surname left behind three volumes of poems to be published posthumously under the editorship of Ada Dwyer. While alive, that writer had produced Men, Women, and Ghosts, which contained her best known poem, "Patterns." Another writer with this surname created such characters as Homer Wilbur and Birdofredum Sawin in a series of publications that attacked the policies of James K. Polk, while a third writer with this surname dedicated to Elizabeth Bishop his poem "Skunk Hour" and wrote of "A Quaker Graveyard in Nantucket". More famous, however, is that poet's work dedicated to Colonel Robert Shaw. For ten points, identify this surname common to poet Amy, the author of The Biglow Papers James Russell, and a poet best known for the poem "For the Union Dead," Robert.
Answer: Lowell
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One character on this show bought a diamond necklace for a duck, which died after drinking too much liquor at Dolores' bar. In its third season, businessmen like Kintell Williamson and Fatface Rick formed the New Day Co-Op, and the creation of Hamsterdam contributed to incumbent mayor Clarence Royce's loss to Tommy Carcetti. In the fourth season of this show, Marlo Stanfield's crew replaced an organization run by Stringer Bell and Avon Barksdale, which was investigated by Lieutenant Cedric Daniels and Detective Jimmy McNulty. Created by David Simon, FTP, name this HBO crime drama set in Baltimore, named for a method of electronic surveillance.
Answer: The Wire
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
In Chinese legend, the immortal Chiu-Shou was one of these which took human form to fight in wars, and the Shinto god Aizen-Myoo has one of these creatures in his hair. To defeat Hiranyashka, Vishnu chose as his fourth avatar a cross between a man and one of these. As punishment for making love in one of Zeus' temples, Atalanta and Melanion were transformed into these. In Egyptian myth, the wife of Ptah and embodiment of the "Eye of Ra" possessed the head of one of these and was named Sekhmet, while this creature's body was supplied to the griffin, manticore, and chimera. FTP, Heracles frequently wore the hide of what type of creature, one of which he killed in Nemea?
Answer: lion
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One alternative to this reaction uses diorganochromium and is named for Takai, while one variant is further modified by using KHMDS and is named for Still. The ability of one intermediate to interconvert is called stereochemical drift, and one modification uses a sulfur-containing compound in order to create epoxides. In addition to the Corey-Chaykovsky reaction, and ester version of this reaction was developed by Horner, Wadsworth, and Emmons, while the erythro betaine can be converted to the threo version using phenyllithium in a version named for Schlosser. The formation of an oxaphosphetane drives, FTP, this reaction which uses a phosphonium ylide to create alkenes from carbonyls, named for a German.
Answer: Wittig reaction
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
A skeleton steers a boat with a yellow sail in this artist's painting Death at the Helm. This artist depicted a ghostly girl in white, a naked woman with red hair, and an ashen-faced woman wearing a black robe in Woman in Three Stages. His self portraits include ones "after Spanish influenza" and "with a skeletal arm," and he portrayed a woman with a red halo in his painting Madonna. Three figures in black suits and huge eyes appear in his painting Anxiety, whose undulating red sky also appears in the background of his painting of a figure holding his hands to his face. FTP, name this expressionistic Norwegian painter of The Scream.
Answer: Edvard Munch
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
A poetry collection containing such poems as "Nothing to be Said" and "Dockery and Son" was published by Philip Larkin and titled after "The Whitsun" ones of these. In The Autumn of the Patriarch, Leticia Nazareno gives birth to her son Emmanuel during one of these events, and a double one takes place in Panfilo's tale of Cimone in The Decameron. Frankie Addams longs to be the title character in Carson McCullers' novel about "The Member of" one of these events, and Leonardo and another character kill each other at the end of a play by Garcia Llorca about a "Blood" one. For ten points, identify these events, a "Delta" one of which was the subject of a Eudora Welty novel, and at which people get married.
Answer: weddings
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The expression of this protein is partly controlled by the binding of NeuroD1 and Par1, and its secretion is inhibited by SIRT4, which ADP-ribosylates glutamate dehydrogenase. Artificial versions of it include Glargine and Lispro versions, and its structure consists of a central zinc ion coordinated to histidine residues in a hexamer. Originally extracted by Banting and Macleod, this hormone partly operates by upregulating the translocation of GLUT4 to the plasma membrane. By up-regulating protein kinase B and PFK-2, this hormone promotes glycogen synthesis and opposes gluconeogenesis. Antagonistic to glucagon, FTP, name this peptide hormone secreted from the beta cells of the Islets of Langerhans, responsible for lowering blood sugar.
Answer: Insulin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This man's campaigning was crucial to the re-election of Hattie Caraway, and during part of his time in public service, he was opposed by Jared Sanders and his "Dynamite Squad," whose attempts to impeach him erupted in the "Bloody Monday" brawl. In his first gubernatorial campaign he came in third to Hewitt Bouanchaud and Henry Fuqua, but would later win an election after campaigning on a slogan borrowed from William Jennings Bryan. Adela Rogers St. Johns covered this man's assassination by Carl Weiss, which took place before he was able to build a coalition around his "Share-the-Wealth" program. Nicknamed "Kingfish," FTP, identify this notoriously corrupt governor and Senator from Louisiana.
Answer: Huey Pierce Long, Jr.
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One work in this style depicts a crucified man on horseback kissing a naked woman above a group of mourners. Besides Evocation, another work in this style was inspired by a visit to St. Lazare, and portrays a meeting between a female prisoner and a guard, the titular Two Sisters. A woman holding a baby and two unfinished nude sketches appear in another work in this style, La Vie. Many works in this style were inspired by the suicide of Carlos Casamegas, including a painting of a man sitting cross-legged, playing the title instrument. Including The Old Guitarist, and lasting from 1901 to 1904, FTP, name this style followed by the Rose period, in which Pablo Picasso painted many melancholy works.
Answer: blue period
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Russell and Schlossberg's circumflex theory of these entities measures them by four quadrants, including one bounded by misery and sleepiness. The Cannon-Bard theory asserts that they are caused by the activation of the thalamus, and according to Stanley Schachter's two-factor theory, they arise from a combination of arousal and cognition. The James-Lange theory states that they are caused by the body's responses to an external stimulus, and Paul Ekman identified six basic ones common to different cultures, including surprise and disgust. FTP, name these psychological states, which include anger and sadness.
Answer: emotions
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
At the end of his life, this man landed in Etruria and captured Rome, after which massacres ensued as he ordered the death of Marcus Antonius and Publicus Licinius Crassus. After coming to the aid of Quintus Lutatius Catulus during a war against the Cimbri, he won a victory at Vercellae, but violated the law during the war by granting citizenship to two cohorts of Camertes. During the Numantian War, this man served under Scipio Aemilianus alongside Jugurtha, whom he would later defeat after taking over the African command from Metellus. This man obtained fame with his military reforms, including making his legionnaires carry their own supplies, leading them to be known as his "mules." FTP, identify this 7-time consul, a rival of Sulla.
Answer: Gaius Marius
2008 EFT Bonuses by Vinokurov 3
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Its territory was acquired as a result of the Newlands Resolution. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this state, whose government was provided for in the Organic Act of 1900, and which was earlier forced to sign the Bayonet constitution.
Answer: Hawaii
[10] Before Hawaii got annexed by the U.S. like a redheaded stepchild, it was run by this president, who overthrew Liliuokalani. Actually, he ruled it after annexation too, as its first governor.
Answer: Sanford Ballard Dole
[10] To be admitted as a State, the conditions of this kind of act had to be satisfied. In general, it is the name of multiple acts throughout U.S. history that set the conditions for a territory to become a state.
Answer: enabling act
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
HRP conjugated ones are used in a western blot, and hybridomas are required to produce monoclonal ones, which may have therapeutic applications. FTPE:,
[10] Name these immune proteins that usually contain a heavy chain attached to a light chain that attach to a specific antigen. They come in 5 isotypes.
Answer: Antibodies or Immunoglobulins
[10] This isotype of immunoglobulin is commonly found in fluids and secretions. It exists as either a dimer or tetramer with its constant regions held together by a J chain.
Answer: IgA
[10] This diagnostic tool uses antibodies to measure the titer of a sample. Either the antigen is adhered to the well first, or in the "sandwich" variant one antibody is adhered to the plate.
Answer: Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay or ELISA
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
At one point, a character in this movie refuses the offer of a vest, saying it's not his style, in response to which another character claims, "You ain't got no style, motherfucker." For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this film whose title refers to the rare variety of marijuana that is sold by Saul, played by James Franco.
Answer: Pineapple Express
[10] Pineapple Express stars this man as Dale Denton; you may know him better from his roles as Ben Stone in Knocked Up and Cal in The 40-year-old Virgin.
Answer: Seth Rogen
[10] The fourth track on the Pineapple Express soundtrack is the song "Lost at Birth" by this group comprising among others Flavor Flav and Chuck D, who may be best known for their early albums such as Yo! Bum Rush the Show and It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back.
Answer: Public Enemy
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Answer some questions about various conceptions of freedom advanced by different philosophers, for ten points each.,
[10] Robert Nozick argued for a minimal state in a work about this concept, "State, and Utopia." Adherents of this philosophy have included Benjamin Tucker, Mikhail Bakunin, and Emma Goldman.
Answer: anarchy
[10] This philosopher and economist authored a work entitled The Constitution of Liberty, though he's better known for arguing that central planning leads to the titular undesirable state in his The Road to Serfdom.
Answer: Friedrich von Hayek
[10] This philosopher distinguished between positive and negative liberty in his essay "Two Concepts of Liberty." He also outlined Tolstoy's view of history in an essay about "The Hedgehog and the Fox."
Answer: Isaiah Berlin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
It was pronounced to be church dogma in the 1854 publication Ineffabilis Deus. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Catholic doctrine which holds that Mary was preserved from original sin.
Answer: Immaculate Conception
[10] Pius IX, who promulgated the doctrine, found justification for the Immaculate Conception in the 15th verse of the 3rd chapter of this Biblical text, in which God tells another being that "I will put enmity between you and the woman, between your seed and her seed."
Answer: Genesis
[10] This medieval thinker cited St. Anselm's principle of "Decuit, potuit, ergo fecit," or "God could do it, it needed to be done, therefore he did it," to argue for Mary's Immaculate Conception. In his time he was known as Doctor Subtilis.
Answer: John Duns Scotus
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This man told of his exploits in the 1968 memoir, My Silent War, and suspicion fell on him after he abetted the defections of Guy Burgess and Donald MacLean. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this British spy who himself defected to the Soviet Union in 1963, where he eventually became a colonel in the KGB.
Answer: Harold Adrian Russell "Kim" Philby
[10] Philby was an agent in this British intelligence agency.
Answer: MI6 or the Secret Intelligence Service or SIS
[10] Among the secrets passed along by Philby to the Soviets was a plan to send armed anti-Communist bands into this nation, whose previous rulers have included King Zog and Enver Hoxha.
Answer: Albania
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This poet wrote of "those old graves, wide ope, like the eyes of a shepherd," in a poem titled "Roman Sarcophagi" which is contained in his New Poems. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this poet, better known for such works as "The Mountain" and "The Panther," as well as some Sonnets to Orpheus.
Answer: Rainer Maria Rilke
[10] Rilke is perhaps best known for this collection, composed at the titular Italian castle, which begins with the lines, "Who, if I cried out, would hear me among the angelic orders?"
Answer: Duino Elegies
[10] Rilke's poem containing the words "You must change your life," "The Archaic Torso of Apollo," is a central element in this Philip Roth novel in which David Kepesh one morning wakes up to find himself transformed into this body part.
Answer: The Breast
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Samples can either be sandwiched between two salt-plates or ground into a mull of nujol. FTPE:,
[10] Name this type of spectroscopy which typically uses electromagnetic radiation between 500 and 4000 inverse centimeters. The two-dimensional version is sometimes called "color-correlated".
Answer: Infrared Spectrscopy or IR Spec
[10] The two simplest vibration modes in IR spectroscopy are the symmetric and anti-symmetric types of this action, in which a bond is alternately lengthened and shortened
Answer: Stretching
[10] In order for a sample to show up on an IR spec, there must be a change in this quantity for the molecule, which is the product of the magnitude of charge on the atoms and the distance between them.
Answer: Dipole moment
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Answer some questions about a term that, according to Matt Weiner, "cannot be analyzed via science," IQ, for ten points each.,
[10] This New Zelandian professor has contended that the average IQ has risen steadily over the last several generations, a phenomenon known as his namesake "effect."
Answer: James Robert Flynn
[10] This psychologist designed one of the first intelligence tests that was later improved by Lewis Terman at Stanford, and is thus named after Stanford and this man. His works include a study of intelligence in his daughters entitled "Experimental Study of Intelligence."
Answer: Alfred Binet
[10] A critique of intelligence testing is contained in this work by Stephen J. Gould, which contends that seeing IQ as a single number is a mistake.
Answer: The Mismeasure of Man
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This literary movement's output includes a critique of Catholic missionaries titled The Poor Christ of Bomba, and a drama about the King of Haiti, The Tragedy of Henri Christophe. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this postcolonial movement, whose writers included Mongo Beti, Leon Damas, and Aimee Cesare, which focused on African themes.
Answer: Negritude
[10] This first president of an independent Senegal founded the Negritude movement with Damas and Cesare. His own works include Songs of Shadow and Major Elegies.
Answer: Leopold Sedar Senghor
[10] This European writer and philosopher came to the defense of the Negritude movement in his introduction to the anthology "Black Orpheus." He also stated that "existence precedes essence" in his Being and Nothingness.
Answer: Jean-Paul Sartre
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
His contributions to the theory of art include a translation of Winckelmann's Painting and Sculpture of the Greeks into English, and a series of lectures incorporating Edmund Burke's views on terror. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Swiss-born painter of such mythologically inspired works as The Vision of the Deluge and Titania and Bottom.
Answer: Johann Heinrich Fuseli
[10] Fuseli is perhaps best known for this work, in which an imp squats on the chest of an unconscious woman while a horse's head looks on from the left.
Answer: The Nightmare
[10] In 1799, Fuseli exhibited a series of 47 paintings whose material was taken from the works of this writer; these paintings include The Night-Hag Visiting Lapland Witches and Christ on the Pinnacle of the Temple.
Answer: John Milton
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Under the leadership of Victor Emmanuel II, it led the attempts at Italian unification. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this region of Italy centered on the Po River valley which has its capital at Turin.
Answer: Piedmont
[10] In 1720, Victor Amadeus II traded Sicily to the Austrian Hapsburgs for possession of this island, which united with Piedmont to become a single kingdom.
Answer: Sardinia
[10] Victor Amadeus II and Victor Emmanuel II were both members of this royal house, whose famous scion Eugene defeated the Turks at Zenta and fought with Marlborough at Blenheim.
Answer: House of Savoy
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Two known structures share this name, one of which was discovered by Margaret Geller and John Huchra, while the other was discovered by the Sloan survey. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify the shared name of these two structures, so called because they form the largest conglomerates of galaxies known.
Answer: Great Wall
[10] The components of the Great Walls are these gravitationally bound units, examples of which include the Shapley and the Virgo one, which is sometimes known as the Local one.
Answer: supercluster
[10] This massive supercluster is at the center of the CfA2 Great Wall. It is located in a constellation named partially for Berenice.
Answer: Coma Supercluster
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
His early work was reminiscent of the Mudejar style of architecture, but he would soon develop a unique style exemplified in such buildings as the Villa Bell Esguard. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this architect who is also famous for designing the Park Guell and Casa Battlo.
Answer: Antonio Gaudi y Cornet
[10] Gaudi is perhaps best known for his design of this church, which is still being built. Its 18 towers are supposed to represent the Apostles, Evangelists, Mary, and Christ himself.
Answer: Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia or the Expiatory Temple of the Holy Family
[10] Sometimes referred to as "La Pedrera," or "the Quarry," this apartment building designed by Gaudi is notable for its undulating exterior and the fantastic statuary on its rooftop.
Answer: Casa Mila
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This work's characters include CIA agent Walter Everett, Jack Ruby, and Lee Harvey Oswald. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this work which takes its name from a constellation whose sign is usually depicted holding two scales.
Answer: Libra
[10] Libra is a novel by this 20th-century American author, perhaps better known for such novels as Mao II and Underworld.
Answer: Don Delillo
[10] Delillo's best known novel is probably this one, which contains a section about "The Airborne Toxic Event," and which features Jack Gladney, a professor of Hitler studies.
Answer: White Noise
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
It is traditionally divided into the "Four Branches," "Native Tales," and "Romances." FTPE:,
[10] Identify this collection of medieval Welsh prose tales which narrates the stories of such figures as Branwen, Manawyddan, and Culwch and Olwen.
Answer: the Mabinogion
[10] The first branch of the Mabinogion centers on this prince of Dyved, who marries the lovely Rhiannon after nearly losing her to Gwawl.
Answer: Pwyll
[10] The complete Mabinogion was first translated into English by this scholar of folklore. Those translations would later inspire Tennyson's poems about Geraint
Answer: Charlotte Guest
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Juan Diaz de Solis was the first European to explore the area that would become this country, which until its 1830 independence was known as the Banda Oriental. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this country which achieved independence from Spain under Jose Gervasio Artigas and has its capital at Montevideo.
Answer: Uruguay
[10] In the 1840s, Uruguay experienced continuous warfare between the factions of Jose Fructuosa River and Manuel Oribe. Oribe's adherents were supported by Juan Manuel de Rosas of Argentina and known as the "Blancos," while supporters of Rivera were known by this name, indicating the colors they used.
Answer: the Reds or the Colorados
[10] Uruguay's transition to democracy in 1984 was aided partially by the economic collapse of Argentina as a result of its loss in this military conflict with Britain, which saw the sinking of the General Belgrano.
Answer: Falklands War
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One of his works was inspired by Ghiberti, and included such smaller pieces as Carnal Love and The Kiss. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this French sculptor, whose Gates of Hell was set to contain his The Thinker.
Answer: Auguste Rodin
[10] This controversial sculpture was at first condemned as being cast from life. It depicts a nude man with his right arm raised to his forehead and is cast from the title material.
Answer: Age of Bronze or French equivalent
[10] This lover and student of Rodin sculpted Bronze Waltz, and broke with Rodin stylistically in her Wave.
Answer: Camille Claudel
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Answer some questions about conduction in metals, for ten points each.,
[10] The basic quantum model of electron conduction imagines electrons as this man's namesake "gas." This Italian scientist was one of the leading members of the Manhattan project.
Answer: Enrico Fermi
[10] In the limit of large spacing between nuclei, the Kronig-Penney model approximates the metal lattice as a series of these infinitely narrow and infinitely valued functions named after a British mathematician.
Answer: Dirac delta functions
[10] The solution to the wave function in a periodic potential such as that of the Kronig-Penney model is also periodic, according to a theorem named after this man, whose namesake sphere is used to represent states in quantum computing and who with Purcell discovered NMR.
Answer: Felix Bloch
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
At the end of one of his plays, Harry plays "Swing Low Sweet Chariot" on a ukelele, and in that same play, Harry, Jessie, and Barney drink from the titular cup, won by Harry's goal. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this playwright who wrote the anti-war play The Silver Tassie, as well as a play about the Clitheroe family, The Plow and the Stars.
Answer: Sean O'Casey
[10] O'Casey is perhaps best known for this play, in which the Captain, the second of the titular figures, fails to receive an inheritance, bankrupting his household and his wife, Mrs. Boyle.
Answer: Juno and the Paycock
[10] Donal Davoren is the title character in this O'Casey play, in which Minnie Powel dies in an explosion of bombs left behind by Maguire, who was killed in action with the IRA.
Answer: The Shadow of a Gunman

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