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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 EFT Tossups by Rosenberg 3
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One type of this process is named for a value that gives the stability of a colloidal system, and another type is used in the Winkler test. The results of this process can be analyzed with a Gran plot. The ability of the reaction between iodine and sulfur dioxide is utilized in the Karl Fischer variety of this process. Another variety uses EDTA and is known as the complexometric type of this process. An indicator, such as phenolphthalein, is often used, in addition to a buret. For 10 points, name this process in which one solution of known concentration is added in increments to determine the unknown concentration of another solution.
Answer: Titration
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This author began his career with a translation of Anatole France's Balthasar, and in a semi-autobiographical work named "Cogwheels", the narrator turns to Strindberg for respite. A Buddha witnesses a robber's attempts to escape hell in his story "The Spider Thread", and in another work, an unemployed man turns to thievery when an old woman arrives at the titular gate. In yet another work, seven characters give seven contradictory accounts concerning the murder of a samurai by the bandit Takehiro, which inspired a film by Akira Kurosawa. FTP, name this author of "In a Grove" and "Rashomon" who lends his name to Japan's highest literary prize.
Answer: Ryunosuke Akutagawa
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One of his works consists solely of 392 questions such as whether an industrious nation can ever be poor and is titled The Querist, and he published an instrumentalist view of Newtonian dynamics titled De Motu. He criticized Shaftesbury and de Mandeville in a work about a 'minute philosopher,' Alciphron. He attacked the notions of infinitesimal change in calculus in a work addressed to "an Infidel Mathematician," and criticized Cartesian dualism in works like A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Understanding. Also the author of A New Theory of Vision, FTP, name this advocate of immaterialism and author of Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonus, an Irish philosopher who said "to be is to be perceived."
Answer: George Berkeley
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This man served as editor of The Pennsylvania Freeman and his prose works include Leaves from Margaret Smith's Journal and Literary Recreations and Miscellanies. He urged the titular religious leader to "Strike-home, strong-hearted man" in "To Ronge." He also described a fisherman named Andrew in "The Which of Wenham," and Goodwife Cole is released from Ipswich jail in his poem "The Changeling," He described a chore girl informing some insects of Mistress Mary's demise in "Telling the Bees", as well the sun rising over grey hills on a `brief December day' in a poem subtitled "Winter Idyll." FTP, name this American poet, author of "Snowbound" and "Barbara Fritchie."
Answer: John Greenleaf Whittier
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Its "New Classical" form can be derived from the Lucas supply function, and Robert Gordon has developed a 'Triangle Model' which takes cost push, supply shocks, and other factors into account to modify it. Blanchard and Gali have written on the 'New Keynesian' variety of it, and it can be theoretically derived from Okun's Law. It was first explicitly shown to hold in the United States by Paul Samuelson and Robert Solow, but it could not explain stagflation until Edmund Phelps and Milton Friedman showed that it is vertical in the long-run. FTP, identify this graph which shows the trade-off between unemployment and inflation, named for a New Zealand economist.
Answer: Phillips curve
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
A 2004 work by Sterling Delano examines the 'Dark Side' of this place, and much of our knowledge of it comes from the letters of Mary Ann Dwight. The land used for this place was purchased from Charles and Maria Ellis. Along with equal compensation, it adopted several of Charles Fourier's theories, labeling its central building as the `Phalanstery', while James Russell Lowell and Horace Greeley contributed to its weekly magazine The Harbinger. Founded by a former editor of The Dial, George Ripley, FTP, name this utopian community in West Roxbury, Massachusetts which inspired the novel Blithedale Romance by Nathaniel Hawthorne.
Answer: Brook Farm
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One section of this work describes Lazarus meeting Abraham in heaven, while a rich man calls out from hell. Its preface is a letter to Theophilus, and in the first chapter Zechariah is struck dumb as punishment for incredulity. In another section, the tax superintendant Zacchaeus gives half his possessions to charity. The Good Samaritan and Prodigal Son parables appear only in this book, while its author is traditionally believed to have also written Acts of the Apostles, and is frequently represented by an ox. FTP, identify this third canonical gospel which follows Mark and precedes John.
Answer: The Gospel According to Luke
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
In 2008, Laurent Schoeffel examined the prospects of using the `deeply virtual' form of this effect in nucleon tomography, and sodium iodide scintillators are used to counteract its namesake `edge' in spectrophotometry. It is mathematically governed by the Klein-Nishima formula, and the inverse form of it is believed to explain the spectrum of accretion disks surrounding black holes. In addition, distortions in the cosmic microwave background radiation are described by an inverse variety of it called the Sunayev-Zeldovich effect. Inducing a wavelength shift proportional to one minus the cosine of theta, FTP, identify this effect which occurs when an x-ray or gamma ray photon scatters as it interacts with matter.
Answer: Compton scattering
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One character in this opera promises to play a pipe tune as a signal; that movement was originally written for the tarogato but is usually performed on the English horn. This opera's dissonant opening chord is parodied in Debussy's Golliwog's Cakewalk, and the duet "O sink hernieder" is broken byBrangane's warnings that the night is about to end. Merlot's treachery is soon revealed in a sword fight. Kurwenal is soon killed while trying to avenge his master, and in an earlier scene King Marke's plans are ruined when a poison turns out to be a love potion. Concluding with the "Liebestod," FTP, name this Wagner opera inspired by a Celtic legend of two lovers.
Answer: Tristan and Isolde
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This author's dissertation about the "concept of the guardian spirit" discusses the cultural implications of individual religious experience. This author also attacked fascism and claimed that all races have the same intelligence and blood composition in a collaboration with Gene Weltfish, The Races of Mankind, and critiqued racism in Race: Science and Politics. She applied Nietzsche's concept of Apollonian and Dionysian to the rituals of Native Americans, and in another work sought to understand behavioral differences between POWs from two countries in WWII. FTP, name this American anthropologist who never visited Japan but authored The Chrysanthemum and the Sword and Patterns of Culture.
Answer: Ruth Benedict
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One character in this work received a career boost from literary critic Leonard Upjohn, and that character creates a metaphor about how we must each make our mark in life's carpet. The protagonist allows an old flame to go on holiday with Harry Griffiths, and in his earlier days renounces religion after discussions with Weeks and Hayward. In an earlier episode, Fanny hangs herself as a result of hopeless love. The novel ends with the protagonist's proposal to Sally Athelney, but earlier he is nearly consumed by anger after his rejection by the waitress Mildred Rogers. FTP, identify this novel by W. Somerset Maugham about the club-footed Philip Carey.
Answer: Of Human Bondage
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
A woman in a white dress is shown falling before a Madonna in this painter's Il Penseroso, and horseback riders approach a Gothic cathedral in his The Return. Another of his works portrays a palace made of clouds as an angel bids farewell, and this man depicted a thunderstorm transitioning to a calm river as seen from Mount Holyoke. In another series, hunters pursue deer across a rugged landscape in the 'Savage' section, while a colossal statue is shown beheaded in the 'Destruction' section. Depicted by Asher Durand alongside William Cullen Bryant in Kindred Spirits, FTP, name this American romantic painter of The Voyage of Life and The Course of Empire, the founder of the Hudson River School.
Answer: Thomas Cole
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
At this battle, the 1st Armoured Division was stalled in its initial attack on Kidney Ridge, though the victors did manage to reach Miteriya Ridge the next day . It was preceded by feint attacks under Operation Bertram.The victorious commander here originally planned a diversive attack against the Ariete division to allow his infantry to cut through the minefields in Operation Lightfoot. The Qattara Depression protected that general from being outflanked, and when he became bogged down was forced to launch Operation Supercharge against the tanks on the Rahman track. Dubbed the "End of the Beginning" by Churchill, FTP, identify this WWII battle in North Africa where Bernard Montgomery sent Erwin Rommel on a retreat from which he would never recover.
Answer: Battle of El Alamein
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Movements such as "With Drums and Pipes" appear in his piano sonata Out of Doors, and he also composed a Sonata for Two Pianos and Percussion. Tibor Serly completed his unfinished viola concerto, and this man wrote about "Nine Splendid Stags" in Cantata Profana. His first ballet, The Wooden Prince, was less applauded than his second, in which a girl is forced to perform three 'seduction games.' In addition to the piano etude set Mikrokosmos, he composed an opera where Judith demands that her lover open all seven doors in his dwelling. FTP, name this composer of Duke Bluebeard's Castle, The Miraculous Mandarin and Music for Strings, Percussion, and Celesta, a Hungarian collector of folk music.
Answer: Bela Bartok
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Mutations like rs25532 and I425V have been discovered on the polymorphic gene region which encodes for the transporter of this substance, SLC6A4. Infection by Entamoeba histolytica has been linked with toxic levels of it, and ondensetron is used as an antagonist to it following chemotherapy. Cardiac fibrosis has been linked to excessive amounts of this substance, which is released from the raphe nuclei in the brain. Within the blood, it is mainly stored in platelets, and DDC is used to synthesize it from 5-HTP, which is itself synthesized from tryptophan. FTP, name this monoamine neurotransmitter, thought to affect mood and sleep, whose reuptake is inhibited by drugs like Prozac and Zoloft.
Answer: serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Its fleet unsuccessfully attacked Helsiborg under Mayor Wittenborg's leadership, and it secured concessions from Eric the Priest-Hater in the Treaty of Tongsberg. A meeting in Wisnac led to its first "Tohopestate" in order to defend against princely influences, and Duke Albrecht of Mecklenburg sought to destroy it by hiring the Vitalenbruder pirates. It established a Kontor at Novgorod and It reached its peak following the Treaty of Straslund with Waldemar IV of Denmark, and by the time its last diet convened in 1669, only Bremen, Hamburg, and its original center remained. FTP, identify this union centered at Lubeck, an association German towns which dominated trade in northern Europe for centuries.
Answer: Hanseatic League or Hansa
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
It continues to dispute its border between its southern neighbor and this country's Zamora and Morona-Santiago Provinces. Cotopaxi is its highest active volcano, while its two major river systems are the Esmereldas and the Guayas. Its three main regions are La Costa, La Sierra, and El Oriente, and its capital is serviced by Mariscal Sucre International Airport. This country's highest point, Chimborazo, is the point on the earth's surface farthest from the center, and the capital of this country is surrounded by snow-capped volcanoes like Pichincha. Owner of the Galapagos Islands, FTP, name this South American country whose largest city is Guayaquil and whose capital is Quito.
Answer: Ecuador
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Rado developed a sigma function for one of these objects, and Martin developed one of the first of a special variety, which are named for Post and are defined as program formulations of simple ones. The Cohen-Kung theorem guarantees that the trajectory of one of them, Langton's Ant, is unbounded, and another example of them is the Busy Beaver. It is undecidable whether a particular one will stop for a certain input, a dilemma called the halting problem, and their namesake lends his name along with Church's to a thesis governing them. Consisting of a tape, action table, state register and a read/write 'head,' FTP, name these simple devices which can be adapted to perform the logic of any computer.
Answer: Turing machines
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
He frequently holds a key in his right hand, and as the first ruler of Latium he introduced currency and cultivation. Some legends claim he originally came from Thessaly to meet his wife Carmese, and his enhanced abilities came in handy when tracking down the nymph Carna. A possible equivalent of the Etruscan deity Ani, he lost his son Tiberninus to the Tiber river, and when the Sabines attacked he scared them off by causing a hot spring to erupt, after which his temple gates were kept open in times of war. Holding the epithet Quirinus, FTP, name this Roman god of entrances, exits, beginnings, and endings, with two faces.
Answer: Janus
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One character in this play mishandles his stove and floods his room trying to put out a fire, and in act II, he claims to be so disgusted by the sound of his own name that he would rather be a dog. A doctor admits that he made up the story of Molvik's `demonic' influence, and another girl is forbidden to go to school in order to stave off her impending blindness. Haakon attempts to erase all memory of an illegal timber operation which landed his partner in jail, for which his son Gregers despises him. FTP, Hedvig treasures the titular animal and her father, the photographer Hjalmar Ekvald, finds his world of illusion come crashing down in what play by Henrik Ibsen?
Answer: The Wild Duck
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This empire saw the resurgence of the iwan in architecture, and one ruler of this empire built the Taq Kisra at Ctesiphon. Another ruler of defeated and captured the Roman Emperor Valerian at Edessa, and built Gondeshapur. It came to an end following the sound defeat of Yazdegerd III at the battle of Nihawan, which left the Azatan caste completely helpless. Its first ruler established his power by victory at Hormizdagan, and made Zoroastrianism the state religion with the help of his high priest Tosar. That ruler was a son of Babak named Ardashir whose exploits were continued by his successor Shapur I. FTP, name this Iranian dynasty which overthrew the Parthians.
Answer: Sassanid or Sassanian
2008 EFT Bonuses by Rosenberg 3
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Identify these figures connected to Watergate, FTPE:,
[10] This former Solicitor General under JFK was the first special prosecutor in the scandal. Nixon ordered him fired in the "Saturday Night Massacre," which was carried out by later Supreme-Court-reject Robert Bork.
Answer: Archibald Cox
[10] This Attorney General refused to fire Cox and resigned from the administration, though he later urged Bork to carry out the order.
Answer: Elliot Richardson
[10] This Chief Justice of the Discrict Court of the District of Columbia ordered Nixon to turn over the white house tapes, revealing that Nixon had approved an illegal cover-up.
Answer: John Sirica
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Formally, this quantity is obtained by computing the ratio of shear stress to the velocity gradient. FTPE:.,
[10] Identify this quantity, defined as a fluid's internal resistance to deformation.
Answer: viscosity
[10] Viscosity factors into these doubly-eponymous partial differential equations which govern the flow of incompressible fluids and are notoriously difficult to solve.
Answer: Navier-Stokes equations
[10] In the case of laminar flow of Newtonian fluids, calculations can be vastly simplified by this equation, usually named for a Frenchman, which describes flow through a constant circular cross section.
Answer: Hagen-Poiseuille equation
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
After licking some blood, he gained the ability to understand birds, and slew his foster father Regin who had planned on running away with gold. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this hero of Norse legend who falls in love with Brynhild after slaying the dragon Fafnir.
Answer: Sigurd (or Siegfried)
[10] Sigurd is the central character of this epic poem, similar to the German Nibelungenlied, which details the exploits of the descendants of the titular patriarch.
Answer: Volsung Saga
[10] In the Volsung Saga, a disguised Odin places this sword in a log from which only Sigmund could withdraw it. Odin shattered the sword before Sigmund's death, but it is generally believed to have been reforged and wielded by Sigurd.
Answer: Gram or Balmung
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The speaker of this work would court his love forever if he had the time, but states that "at my back I always hear/ Time's winged chariot hurrying near." FTPE:,
[10] Name this poem, a carpe diem statement where the speaker warns his lover that time is quickly passing.
Answer: "To His Coy Mistress"
[10] "To His Coy Mistress" was penned by this metaphysical poet, who also wrote "The Garden" in addition to some biting satires of Charles II.
Answer: Andrew Marvell
[10] Marvell also composed a "Horatian Ode" upon the return of this man from Ireland, which opens by stating that "The forward youth that would appear/ Must now forsake his Muses dear."
Answer: Oliver Cromwell
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The third chapter of this work claims that a self is always in the process of becoming. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this philosophical work which equates despair with the Christian view of sin.
Answer: The Sickness Unto Death
[10] This Danish philosopher wrote the The Sickness Unto Death. He also authored Fear and Trembling and spent most of his final years attacking the Church of Denmark.
Answer: Soren Kierkegaard
[10] Written under the name Johannes Climacus, this anti-Hegelian treatise asserts that "subjectivity is truth," and contrasts direct and indirect communication. Unlike most of his other works, Kierkegaard credits himself as an editor
Answer: Concluding Unscientific Postscript to the Philosophical Fragments
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Answer some things about a graphic novel which borders on real literature, FTPE:,
[10] Beginning with the murder of Edward Blake aka The Comedian, this work illustrated by Dave Gibbons centers on a group of retired vigilantes known as the Crimebusters who are forced back into action when someone starts killing them off, against the backdrop of an escalating conflict between the US and Soviet Union.
Answer: Watchmen
[10] This English writer with a beard of frightening proportions wrote the script of Watchmen, and his other work includes V for Vendetta, Swamp Thing, and Batman:The Killing Joke.
Answer: Alan Moore
[10] This extreme right-wing vigilante from Watchmen initially believes his old enemy Moloch to be behind the murders but his suspicions land him in jail. He is modeled after The Question and wears a mask patterned after a namesake psychological test.
Answer: Rorschach or Walter Kovacs
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Identify these Tchaikovsky works, FTPE:,
[10] Mily Balakirev kept urging Tchaikovsky to revise this piece, which in addition to the "Love theme" features a section of solemn chords reflecting the voice of Friar Lawrence and is subtitled 'Fantasy Overture'.
Answer: Romeo and Juliet
[10] Tchaikovsky claimed to have put his entire soul into this final symphony, which features a rousing march in the third movements but concludes with a slow, tragic lament that fades out with the sound of a moribund pizzicato in the double basses.
Answer: Symphony No. 6 or Pathetique
[10] This second Tchaikovsky symphony was written while he was visiting his sister in Ukraine. Heavily inspired by folk songs of that region, it opens with an adaptation of "Down by Mother Volga."
Answer: Little Russian Symphony
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
In the final battle of this war at Mukden, general Kuropatkin managed to hold his own but was finally driven northward. FTPE:,
[10] Name this war which ended with the Treaty of Portsmouth and crushed Nicholas II's ambitions in the Far East.
Answer: Russo-Japanese War
[10] The Russo-Japanese War began when the Japanese navy besieged this city in Manchuria one day before the declaration of war arrived. The battle ended inconclusively but the Russians surrendered the city many months later.
Answer: Port Arthur
[10] The Japanese navy at Port Arthur was commanded by this Admiral, who later sunk two-thirds of the Russian fleet at the Straits of Tsushima just south of Korea
Answer: Togo Heihachiro
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Contrary to popular belief, the family-oriented Rada sect accounts for almost all of this religion practice, though pockets of Petro, or black magic, do exist. FTPE:,
[10] Name this religion, brought to Haiti by west African slaves.
Answer: Voodoo
[10] Voodoo practitioners interact with the spirit world via these entities in elaborate rituals involving dance and possession.
Answer: Loa
[10] Loa are there to serve as a link to the spirit world because this chief deity of Voodoo is too remote and inaccessible.
Answer: Bondye
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The protagonist of this work attempts to forget his woes by taking a government post far away from Walheim. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this epistolary novel wherein the title character shoots himself after he is forced to stop visiting the lovely Lotte, who has married Albert.
Answer: The Sorrows of Young Werther
[10] The Sorrows of Young Werther is one of this author's few works in the Sturm und Drang style. He also wrote Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship and a play about some doctor who makes a deal with the devil.
Answer: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
[10] This Goethe Play revolves around a Flemish count who patriotically opposes the Duke of Alba and is sentenced to death, becoming a martyr for freedom.
Answer: Egmont
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Seeking a new paradigm of order and balance, its followers relied heavily on the use of primary colors. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this Dutch artistic movement named and founded by Theo Van Doesburg.
Answer: De Stijl or neoplasticism
[10] De Stijl is epitomized in works like this magnum opus of Piet Mondrian. However, unlike his earlier, completely abstract works, this one is clearly based on the Manhattan gridline, with the yellow supposedly symbolizing taxi cabs.
Answer: Broadway Boogie Woogie
[10] Meanwhile, Gerrit Rietveld applied De Stijl to architecture, as exemplified in this Utrecht building, comissioned by owner Truus. With its red exterior poles and dynamic walls, it breaks with all architecture before it.
Answer: Schroder House
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
A descendant of the Duchy of Vascony, its southern part was eventually absorbed by Castille. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this kingdom spanning the Pyrenees ruled by kings like Sancho the Great, which had its capital at Pamplona and once shared its name with that city.
Answer: Kingdom of Navarre
[10] The northern part of Navarre was absorbed into France when this king took over that country, though he may be better known for issuing the Edict of Nantes, granting religious liberties to Protestants.
Answer: Henry IV or Henry III of Navarre
[10] The Edict of Nantes was, of course, revoked by this later edict of Louis XIV which declared Protestantism illegal. The resulting mass exodus of protestant workers led to a severe brain drain throughout France.
Answer: Edict of Fontainebleau
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Unlike most temperature graphs, it places absolute zero on the right of the x-axis. FTPE:,
[10] Name this graph which relates absolute magnitude, spectral class, luminosity, and temperature of stars.
Answer: Hertzsprung-Russell diagram
[10] This continuous band contains the majority of stars on the diagram, including our Sun and most dwarfs.
Answer: Main Sequence
[10] Most protostars reach the main sequence via this almost vertical evolutionary track, sometimes followed by the Henyey track.
Answer: Hayashi Track
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Identify these terms from linguistics. FTPE:,
[10] These are the smallest units of language with semantic meaning; the word 'cats' has two: 'cat' and the 's' on the end.
Answer: morphemes
[10] This is the smallest unit of sound within a language; some linguists have argued for breaking them down further into 'features.'
Answer: phonemes
[10] Frequently used in listening tests, these are pairs of words which differ only by one phonological element, such as the words sheep and ship.
Answer: minimal pair
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Answer some things concerning coordination chemistry FTPE:,
[10] The Lewis bases which bond to the central atom in coordination complexes are called these, and they can be either mono- or polydentate.
Answer: ligands
[10] The process by which a polydentate ligand bonds to multiple locations on the central atom is known as this, and is named for the Greek word for 'claw.'
Answer: chelation (accept verb forms like chelate, etc.)
[10] A popular model for understanding coordination complexes is this theory introduced by Hans Bethe. It encompasses magnetic properties and color, but does not attempt to explain bonding.
Answer: crystal field theory
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
A key subplot in this play revolves around a shipment of twenty-one faulty cylinder heads for fighter planes, which landed an unseen character in jail. FTPE:,
[10] Name this drama in which Ann Deever returns to her old neighborhood to visit the Keller family, and where the son Chris grows increasingly distrustful of his father Joe, a former defense contractor.
Answer: All My Sons
[10] In this play by the author of All My Sons, the lawyer Quentin peruses memories of his disastrous relationships with his first two wives, and through his prospective wife Holga looks back to the Holocaust.
Answer: After the Fall
[10] In this other play by Arthur Miller, a blatant attack on McCarthyism, Abigail Williams plays on the fears of the townspeople of Salem to start a witch scare and turn them against her former lover John Proctor.
Answer: The Crucible
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Answer some things related to the Krebs cycle, for ten points each:,
[10] The Krebs cycle is preceded by this process which requires 2 ATP molecules to begin. It also involves the reduction of 2 NADs to NADHs.
Answer: glycolysis
[10] Glycolysis must precede the Krebs cycle because it produces this molecule, which is converted to Acetyl CoA before the `real' cycle begins.
Answer: pyruvate
[10] In the final step of the Krebs cycle, malate is oxidized to this molecule, and the process repeats for the second pyruvate molecule.
Answer: oxaloacetate
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
He pioneered the so-called `Grand Style,' and for his work was appointed the first President of the Royal Academy. FTPE:,
[10] Name this English portraitist and student of Thomas Hudson whose works include Love Me, Love My Dog and an acclaimed portrait of Francis George Hare.
Answer: Sir Joshua Reynolds
[10] Like his rival Thomas Gainsborough, Reynolds created a portrait of this Shakespearean actress. Two shadowy figures hold a dagger and chalice in the background of that portrait, which portrays the actress as "the Tragic Muse."
Answer: Sarah Siddons
[10] Reynolds himself was portrayed by this woman, a Swiss-Austrian protege of his who also portrayed Goethe and also made a few history paintings like The Death of Alcestis.
Answer: Angelica Kauffmann
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
It advertised itself as open to all who "toiled," a definition which excluded lawyers, liquor dealers, and professional gamblers. FTPE:,
[10] Name this first major American labor organization, which crumbled after the Haymarket Riot.
Answer: Knights of Labor
[10] The Knights of Labor was founded by this man, who built the organization up from only nine Philadelphia textile workers.
Answer: Uriah Stephens
[10] Uriah Stephens was succeeded by this man, who ushered in an era of massive expansion and ordered multiple strikes in the Gould railroad system, which ended up discrediting the organization.
Answer: Terence Powderly
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Throughout this novel, several male characters spend their days trying to decode some parchments left by Melquiades. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel chronicling the rise and fall of the town of Macondo as seen through the eyes of the Buendia family.
Answer: One Hundred Years of Solitude or Cien Anos de Soledad
[10] This liberal leader in One Hundred Years of Solitude fights thirty-two wars and loses all of them, survives shooting himself, and wastes his later years away forging and re-forging a set of gold fish.
Answer: Colonel Aureliano Buendia
[10] This other Garcia Marquez novel is a fictionalized account of the last days of Simon Bolivar, now in self-imposed exile and hoping to return to his former prestige.
Answer: The General in His Labyrinth or El general en su laberinto

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