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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 EFT Tossups by Mukherjee 3
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
During this event, Richard Queen escaped due to his multiple sclerosis, and another group was removed from this event thanks to the efforts of Ken Taylor in what became known as the Canadian Caper. Dames and Moore petitioned the Supreme Court to overturn Executive Order 12170, which was passed due to this event and called for the seizure of 8 million dollars. One attempt to rectify it was called Operation Credible Sport, while another attempt saw two helicopters crashing into each other and was called Operation Eagle Claw. Eventually ended by the Algiers Accords, FTP, name this 444-day crisis that ended with Ronald Reagan's election, the capturing of a group of Americans by student protestors in Tehran.
Answer: Iran Hostage Crisis
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Aromatic versions of these compounds can be produced from aryl halides in the Rosenmund-von Braun reaction, and a variation of the Friedel-Crafts reaction that uses one of them as a reagent is the Hoben-Hoesch reaction. Both these compounds and their iso-versions are produced in the Kolbe synthesis, while they are created form carboxylic acids in the Letts synthesis. Also undergoing the Pinner reaction with alcohols, they react with Grignard reagents to form imines, which can then be hydrolyzed to ketones. Usually created by simply reacting an unhindered alkyl halide with a cyanide ion in an SN2 reaction, these are, FTP, what organic compounds which contain a carbon triple bonded to nitrogen.
Answer: Nitrile
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One of this author's novels concerns a man who sees his three-year-old daughter for the first time on his execution day. Another protagonist meets Gwynplaine, who has a smile carved into his face. In addition to The Last Day of a Condemned Man and The Man Who Laughs, this man also wrote historical plays about Torquemada and Oliver Cromwell. The servant of Don Sallustio becomes prime minister in Ruy Blas, and Gilliat attempts to salvage the engine of a ship in order to win the love of Deruchette in his Toilers of the Sea. He is also famous for creating a character that is pursued by Javert, and a man who falls in love with the gypsy Esmerelda. FTP, name this French author of Les Miserables and The Hunchback of Notre Dame.
Answer: Victor Marie Hugo
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The Chinese goddess of this entity obtained her position after swallowing a large pill and is named Chang-e. In Hindu mythology, the figure associated with it was accused of spending too much time with Rohini by the sage Daksha and is also responsible with brewing heavenly liquid, and it is under the domain of Sin in Sumerian mythology. In Aztec mythology, Huitzilopochtli created it by decapitating Coyolxauhqui. The Japanese god of this entity, who emerged from the right eye of his father, killed Uke Mochi in anger. In Norse mythology this entity is constantly chased by Hati, while the Greek figure associated with it put her shepherd lover in an eternal sleep. FTP, the Vedic Soma, the Shinto Tsuki-Yomi, the Norse Mani, and the Greek Selene were all associated with what heavenly body?
Answer: Moon
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One remix of this song, called "Body Rock", was performed by Chamillionaire. Some versions of this song have an additional verse by Remy Martin which states that the narrators "don't pay admission" and "walk around the metal detectors" when entering the dance club. While referring to his childhood, the singer states that "It's a cold world and this is ice", and he derides commercialization with the line "even L'il Bow wow throwin it up". The song ends with the singer proclaiming that "the streets is ours" and "it ain't never gonna stop". FTP, name this 2005 single which states that "my niggas don't dance, they just pull up their pants", and "do the roc-away" before performing the title dance, a #1 hit for the Terror Squad and Fat Joe.
Answer: "Lean Back"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Matthews and Angulo used a similar experiment to distinguish between Type A and Type B personalities, and the original study cited an experiment by Rosenbilith to support its conclusions regarding gender. One follow-up to this experiment noted that the use of film rather than direct observation diminished the earlier results. It was carried out on a group of seventy-two subjects divided into three groups, and Dorothea Ross was instrumental in conceiving it. It was instrumental in the development of social cognitive theory, and the participants often shouted "sockeroo!" in imitation of what they just witnessed. FTP, name this experiment in which children copied the aggressive behavior of an adult who hit the title object, carried out by Albert Bandura.
Answer: Bobo Doll Experiment
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One sub-pathway in this process is activated by Hageman factor and prekallikrein, and one critical protein in this pathway is Gamma-glutamyl carboxylase, which acts upon Proteins S, C and Z. VKORC recycles one important molecule in this process, which is why warfarin is often used to inhibit this process. Disrupted in delta storage pool deficiency and Bernard-Soulier syndrome, important activators of this process include Tissue Factor and Von Willebrand factor. This process relies on the transformation of fibrinogen to fibrin by thrombin, and is disrupted in hemophilia. FTP, name this process initiated by platelets, the hardening and drying of blood in a wound.
Answer: Coagulation or Blood Clotting or OH GOD THE BLEEDING STOPPED
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This ruler's modifications of the civil service system included the "Table of Ranks," which ensured promotion based on performance rather than seniority. Initially forced to share power with his sickly half-brother, his diplomatic efforts included the formation of a "Grand Embassy," and the first year of his reign saw the signing of the Treaty of Nerchinsk. He failed to take the Ottoman fortress of Azov in one campaign, and was a signatory to the Treaty of Pruth. He also pushed for expansion and modernization of the Navy and achieved victory over Charles XII at the battle of Poltava. FTP, name this six-foot-eight tall man who won the Great Northern War, a Romanov czar of Russia who implemented extensive westernization.
Answer: Peter The Great or Peter I of Russia
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One controversial ritual performed on the eve of this day involves swinging a chicken around your head. In Sephardic tradition, Hashkavot are said instead of Yizkor. şThe temple service for this day featured the pronouncing of the Tetragrammaton, the Kohen Gadol entering the Holy of Holies, and the sending of a goat to Azazel. Occurring one week after the unrelated Fast of Gedaliah, the book of Jonah serves as Haftarah on this day, which is the only day featuring a Ne'ilah (neh-EEL-ah) service, concluding with the only time the shofar is heard on this day. Starting with the Aramaic prayer Kol Nidrei, for 10 points, name this fast day, the Jewish day of atonement.
Answer: Yom Kippur or Yom HaKippurim
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The narrator of one of these works feels that he "shall stand henceforward in thy shadow," while another discusses the sadness of Electra. The first begins by thinking of how Theocritus had sung "of the sweet years," while the third begins, "Unlike are we, unlike O princely heart!" The first tells of a "mystic Shape" that grabs the speaker from behind before revealing itself to be "Not Death, but Love." The second to last refers to "the passion put to use in [the speaker's] old griefs" and "the love [she] seemed to lose with [her] lost saints." FTP, name this collection of poems, the forty-third of which begins, "How do I love thee? Let me count the ways," a work by Elizabeth Barrett Browning.
Answer: Sonnets from the Portuguese
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One of this man's works contains the movements "Sad Birds" and "Night Moths", and Sergei Diaghilev commissioned his choreographic poem La Valse. In addition to the aforementioned Mirrors, this man composed the duet Mother Goose and a piece written for Paul Wittgenstein, the D-Major Concerto for the Left Hand. He wrote a work for violin and Lutheal called Tzigane, and another one of his works was influenced by his mother's folk songs and consisted of movements entitled Malaguena, Habanera, and Feria. Another work is built on a repetitive snare drum ostinato, and was famously conducted by Toscanini at a higher tempo than marked. FTP, name this composer of Rhapsodie Espagnole, Daphnis and Chloe, and Bolero.
Answer: Maurice "I'll kill your dead princess" Ravel
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One result of this event was the creation of the Sedentary Militia by William Fenwick Williams. One diplomat was overheard saying that "We will wrap the whole world in flames" in the aftermath of this event, and it was immediately followed by the capture of the Nashville by John B. Marchand. One party in this incident was immediately ordered to report to Fort Warren, and this incident was partly precipitated by DM Fairfax's review of a law journal. Seeing a violation of Lord Palmerston's neutral stance and the capture of James Mason and John Slidell, FTP, name this incident in which the USS San Jacinto seized the namesake vessel containing British ambassadors to the Confederacy.
Answer: Trent Affair
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This law is the basis of the Hodgkin-Huxley model, and its namesake also noted that the ear perceives sound as the sum of harmonic tones. One generalization of this law relates the magnetic flux and reluctance and is named for Hopkinson, and this law fails to take Johnson-Nyquist noise into account due to its quantum nature. One method of deriving this law relies on taking the integral of E dot d l, which gives this law's vector form as J equals sigma times E. This law can be derived using the hydraulic analogy, and it is usually used in concert with Kirchoff's rules. FTP, name this law that states that voltage equals current times resistance, or V equals I R, named for a German physicist.
Answer: Ohm's Law
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One of this man's novels focuses on Ben, whose wife Gloria is obsessed with killing the deer in her garden, while another novel focuses on the schoolteacher George Caldwell and his son Peter. In addition to Toward the End of Time and The Centaur, he published a collection of short stories entitled Pigeon Feathers. Alexandra, Jane, and Sukie are seduced by the devil-like Darryl in his The Witches of Eastwick, and another novel details Ahmad Mulloy's suicide attack, Terrorist. He's perhaps most famous for a series of novels about former high school basketball star Harry Angstrom. FTP, name this American author of Rabbit at Rest, Rabbit is Rich, and Rabbit, Run.
Answer: John Updike
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The frame of this painting contains a gold medal awarded by Charles X of France. On the left a woman in a yellow garment can be seen gathering water, and a boy in a blue hat holding a long stick can be seen next to a canoe and a duck in the right side of this work. A small brown-and white dog is seen in the foreground of this painting looking toward the central scene, and it depicts the cottage of one of the artists' neighbors, Willy Lott. Originally entitled Landscape: Noon and depicting a site near Flatford Mill, FTP, name this painting that depicts a pair of horses pulling the titular agricultural conveyance across a river and shares its title with a tryptich by Hieronymous Bosch, an 1821 work by John Constable.
Answer: The Hay Wain
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This man's name is part of the title of a collection by Josiah Royce about this man and "other essay in the philosophy of life." He wrote an early work about the "Literary Remains" of his late father, and critiqued absolute idealism in A Pluralistic Universe. Ralph Perry collected and posthumously published his Essays in Radical Empiricism, and this man's views on religion are contained in The Varieties of Religious Experience. He is more famous for a series of lectures that addressed the question of whether the squirrel goes around the tree and was subtitled, "A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking." For ten points, identify this American philosopher, the author of Pragmatism, and a founder of that philosophical movement.
Answer: William James
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Over the space of Schwartz functions, this operation is an endomorphism. This operation taken on the extension of a function is the subject of the Poisson summation formula, and Hankel generalized this operation to radial functions. This operation is unitary by Parseval's theorem, and the Cooley-Tukey algorithm is used to implement a "fast" version of this operation. Along with the Laplace transform, it is often used to analyze differential equations. Also useful in analog signal processing, FTP, name this transform that takes a function to its frequency domain, which is useful in decomposing waves and is named for a French mathematician.
Answer: Fourier Transform
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This building occupies the site of the demolished Fort Macquarie tram depot, and Constantine Koukais composed Icon to commemorate its 20th anniversary. Its Forecourt contains the Monumental steps, and its architect's namesake "room" is the only interior space entirely designed by him. The Bennelong Restaurant stands to one side of this structure. Originally conceived by Ove Arup, its interior contains both pink granite and brush box plywood and contains a Playhouse and Studio. This structure's most notable feature was built with one million glossy Swedish tiles. FTP, name this building largely designed by Jorn Utzon and has several white shells as its roof, a certain theatre venue in a major Australian city.
Answer: Sidney Opera House
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
An important account of this period was written by Ernest Mason Satow, and other important diplomatic figures in this period were Rudolf von Geist and Lorenz von Stein. One important political force in this era was the "Freedom and People's Rights Movement", which partially succeeded in decreasing the power of the oligarchy. This period saw the creation of the breakaway Ezo republic, and its principles were outlined in the Charter Oath. Also seeing an uprising under Saigo Takamori, the Satsuma Rebellion, this period saw the creation of an elected Diet. FTP, name this period of Japanese history which saw the creation of a modern constitutional monarchy.
Answer: Meiji Restoration
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One character in this work is attacked by dogs after asking another man for a lantern and is rescued by a cook. That same character has a dream in which he feels a cold hand after attempting to stop a tree from tapping against his window. Hindley reacts badly after his wife Frances dies after giving birth to Hareton, and one of the main characters marries Edgar Linton. Ellen Dean narrates part of this novel, which begins with Mr. Lockwood's visit to the main setting of Thrushcross Grange. FTP, name this novel about the romance of Heathcliff and Catherine Earnshaw by Charlotte Bronte.
Answer: Wuthering Heights
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Tributaries include the Clinch, the Duck, and the Big Sandy Rivers. The official start of this river was moved upstream 51 miles in 1933 from Lenoir City to where James White's Fort lies at the confluence of the Holston and the French Broad Rivers. Huntsville, Alabama lies on this river, on whose shores you can find Fort Henry. Named for a town now submerged by Tellico Lake that used to be a capital for the Cherokee, it flows into the Ohio River near Paducah, Kentucky. With its headwaters in Knoxville, Tennessee, for 10 points, name this river with a namesake "Valley Authority" created by the New Deal which shares its name with a state whose capital is Nashville.
Answer: Tennessee River
2008 EFT Bonuses by Mukherjee 3
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
They are classified as fixed-size or dynamic based on whether they can be resized after declaration, and Doug Baskins name one sparse type of them after his sister Judy. FTPE:,
[10] Name this data structure which is essentially a group of variables with the same name sorted by index. They may be one- or multidimensional.
Answer: Array
[10] Addressing in an array is handled by constructing one of these that refers to a particular element. In general, these objects direct a program to a certain memory address, and "null" ones refer to no object.
Answer: Pointer
[10] With Morris and Pratt, this computer scientist names an algorithm that searches strings using arrays. He is also the author of the seminal text The Art of Computer Programming.
Answer: Donald Knuth
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The action of the story begins after one character realizes she only has one dollar and eighty-seven cents for a Christmas present. FTPE:,
[10] Name this short story where Della sells her hair in order to buy a platinum chain for her husband Jim.
Answer: The Gift of the Magi
[10] This author of Mammon and the Archer, The Furnished Room¸ and the story collection The Four Million wrote The Gift of the Magi.
Answer: O. Henry or William Sydney Porter
[10] Sam and Bill kidnap Johnny Dorset in this O Henry short story, but he proves so annoying that they give his father 250$ to take him back.
Answer: The Ransom of Red Chief
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Slander and libel are great fun. Answer some questions about it, FTPE:,
[10] This newspaper publisher got in trouble for printing some salacious words about the governor of New York. Andrew Hamilton defended him in the first freedom of the press case in American history
Answer: John Peter Zenger
[10] This is the Governor of New York who Zenger criticized for seizing Indian lands and rigging the 1734 elections. He died of TB approximately one year after the Zenger trial.
Answer: William Cosby
[10] This more recent libel case outlined the "actual malice" standard. It centered around an add calling for funds to fight Martin Luther King Jr.'s tax evasion charge.
Answer: New York Times v. Sullivan (Accept either)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This man's namesake cipher uses two different typefaces in order to hide a message in a larger message. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 17th-century English philosopher and proponent of the scientific method, who introduced the use of truth tables and mathematical induction.
Answer: Francis Bacon (The "F" is required)
[10] This Francis Bacon work, which takes its name from a text on logic by Aristotle, advocates the use of reduction followed by induction to understand natural phenomena.
Answer: Novum Organum or The New Instrument or New Organon
[10] Francis Bacon wrote a utopian novel titled after "The New" version of this place. This location is also mentioned in the Platonic dialogue Timeaus.
Answer: Atlantis
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One of the title characters marries Catherine, who cheats on him repeatedly because they can't conceive a child. FTPE:,
[10] Name this French New Wave film based on an autobiography by Henri-Pierre Roche, in which the two title characters end up on opposite sides of World War One.
Answer: Jules et Jim or Jules and Jim
[10] Jules et Jim is a film by this French director, who is also famous for a film version of Fahrenheit 451 and a series of movies about Antoine Donel.
Answer: Francois Truffaut
[10] This first film in the Antoine Donel series sees him get into trouble repeatedly with his best friend Rene, eventually getting sent to juvenile hall and a work camp.
Answer: The 400 Blows or Les Quatre cents coups
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
In one section of this work, Snobby Price and Rummy Mitchens mention how, much like Ted Gioia and Andy Watkins, they get free food by publicly confessing to crimes. FTPE:,
[10] Name this play, whose other characters include the arms dealer Andrew Undershaft and the titular officer in the Salvation Army.
Answer: Major Barbara
[10] This British playwright of Mrs. Warren's Profession, Heartbreak House and Candida wrote Major Barbara. He also wrote about the transformation of Eliza Doolittle in his Pygmalion.
Answer: George Bernard Shaw
[10] This other Shaw play focuses on the anarchist Jack Tanner, who at one point is captured by Mendoza before being forced to marry Ann at the end of this play. The Devil also makes an appearance.
Answer: Man and Superman
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Answer some questions about television shows that have two things in common: they're about rich people and they're on the CW. FTPE:,
[10] This series is a sequel to widely popular 90s teen drama. Kelly Taylor and Brenda Walsh are some returning characters, and the series focuses on Annie Wilson, who has moved from Kansas to California.
Answer: 90210 (Do not accept "Beverly Hills 90210")
[10] Focusing on the fictional Ravens high school basketball team, this show has recently seen the marriage of Lucas Scott and Peyton Sawyer, while Brooke Davis struggles with her clothing line.
Answer: One Tree Hill
[10] Taking place in Manhattan, the second season sees Serena Van Der Woodsen screw around with Nate Archibald while getting over a breakup with this show's only sane character, Dan Humphrey.
Answer: Gossip Girl
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The surface-enhanced version of this effect relies on plasmons, and this effect generates Stokes and anti-Stokes lines. FTPE:,
[10] Name this effect, the inelastic scattering of a photon by a molecule. It typically only occurs in 1 out of ten to the seventh incident particles.
Answer: Raman Effect or scattering
[10] The Raman effect is useful for the spectroscopy of crystals; such spectroscopy is reliant on one of these devices, which creates a beam of monochromatic, coherent light. They are also found in CD players.
Answer: LASER or Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
[10] Lasers operate by creating one of these states. This state is characterized by the existence of a greater number of atoms in the excited state than the ground state.
Answer: Population inversion
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One early challenge to it was the Rebellion of the Three Feudatories, and it was established after Nurhachi consolidated his power base among Jurchen tribes and leading an invasion. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Chinese dynasty that reigned after the Ming was overrun by eastern barbarians.
Answer: Qing or Manchu Dynasty
[10] This emperor of the Qing dynasty remained in power for 60 years, leading the dynasty at its height. He directed the invasions of Nepal and Tibet, and saw annexation of Turkestan under Amursana.
Answer: Quianlong Emperor
[10] The Manchu had to recruit the "green standards" to put down the rebellion of this group, which managed to gain support in Hubei, Shaanxi, and Sichuan before it was stopped.
Answer: White Lotus Rebellion
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
He was created after a bet in which one side wagered Sol, Mani, and Freya, and this creature created Asbyrgi after touching his hoof down on Iceland. FTPE:,
[10] Name this eight-legged horse belonging to Odin, which was born after Svadilfari was seduced by a mare in order to distract the steed of the frost giant Blast.
Answer: Sleipnir
[10] Since Blast is a frost giant, he hails from this really cold region whose name means "abode of mist". Its intersection with Muspelheim resulted in the creation of water at the Gunningagap.
Answer: Niflheim
[10] Sleipnir was borrowed by this figure when he was sent to Hel to bargain for the release of Baldur. He managed to leap over the gate after two tries, and the giantess Modgud gave him directions.
Answer: Hermodr
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This organ is composed of the scala vestibule, scala tympani, and scala media, and it is attached to the vestibular system. FTPE:,
[10] Name this snail-shaped organ in the inner ear, whose hair cells are responsible for translating mechanical force into electric impulses.
Answer: Cochlea
[10] This organ within the cochlea is bounded on top by the tectoral membrane. The hair cells located here are tonotopically arranged, and this structure bounces up and down in response to sound.
Answer: Organ of Corti
[10] The Cochlea's oval window has the footplate of this bone wedged in it. When the tympanic membrane vibrates, this bone pushes in and out, creating waves in the cochlear fluid.
Answer: Stapes or Stirrup
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This government won an early victory against the Chinese at the battle of Talas. FTPE:,
[10] Name this caliphate that was founded in 750 with capital at Baghdad, after the downfall of the Umayyads.
Answer: Abbasid Caliphate
[10] This early leader of the Abbasid caliphate received tribute from the Byzantine emperor Nicephoros and ruled Baghdad at its height. His son founded the House of Wisdom.
Answer: Harun Al-Rashid
[10] Baghdad was conquered in 1071 after the Battle of Manzikert by these people. Their leader would take the title of "Grand Sultan" after the conquest.
Answer: Seljuk Turks (Prompt on "Turks")
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
He learns about the feminine forms of chicken and basin from one character, while a student describes to him how one character melted down some wax to determine how many lengths of its own feet a flea could jump. FTPE:,
[10] Name this fictional character who engages in arson after being beaten by his son and his new-fangled sophistry.
Answer: Strepsiades
[10] Strepsiades appears in this play, in which Pheidippides gives up his love of horse racing to enroll in Socrates's Thinkery.
Answer: The Clouds
[10] The Clouds, along with Lysistrata and The Wasps, was written by this Greek dramatist.
Answer: Aristophanes
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Antonio Gramsci originally defined this concept, which Zalmay Khalilzhad stated was the key to stopping "hot and cold wars". FTPE:,
[10] Name this exercise of power of one social group over another, often used in IR theory to describe the dominance of one nation-state over those around it.
Answer: Hegemony
[10] US Hegemony can partly be explained by this school of IR theory, which views states as rational actors that act only in their own interest.
Answer: Neorealism
[10] Joseph Nye argues that hegemony need not be maintained solely through military means. States can also use this type of power, which encompasses diplomacy and economic means.
Answer: Softpower
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The main characters dance a foxtrot in the final act of this opera, which opens with a group of troops singing in an airport. FTPE:,
[10] Name this opera, which also contains an opera-within-an-opera entitled The Red Detachment of Women. It details the visit of a president to a communist nation.
Answer: Nixon in China
[10] Nixon in China is a modern opera by this man, who wrote On The Transmigration of Souls in commemoration of the 9/11 attacks.
Answer: John Adams
[10] This other opera by John Adams draws a comparison between Robert Oppenheimer and Faust.
Answer: Doctor Atomic
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One collection of his works is entitled Famous Sites of the Eastern Capital, and he depicted two boats in a storm in his Great Wave off of Kanagawa. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Japanese woodblock artist, probably most famous for Fireworks at Ryoguku Bridge and his series 36 Views of Mount Fuji.
Answer: Katsushika Hokusai
[10] Hokusai primarily worked in this medium, which translates as "pictures of the floating world". Other examples of works in this style include 53 Stations of the Tokaido by Hiroshige.
Answer: Ukiyo-e
[10] This variant of Ukiyo-e uses multiple blocks with one color each, which are then used in sequence. Suzuki Harunobu came up with it.
Answer: Nishiki-e
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One form of this dualistic religion was the official creed of the Sassanid empire in Persia, and its main text is the Zend-Avesta. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Middle Eastern religion that is centered around the struggle between Ahura Mazda and Ahriman.
Answer: Zoroastrianism
[10] Some sects of Zoroastrianism focus on this indifferent figure, who in some versions of the tale is the father of both Ahura Mazda and Ahriman.
Answer: Zurvan
[10] These structures are used in Zoroastrian burial rituals. Dead bodies would be exposed on their top surfaces, allowing the crows to eat them.
Answer: Towers of Silence or Dakhma
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This conflict began when one side intervened in a conflict between Corcyra and Corinth, and its first phase was ended by the Peace of Nicias. FTPE:,
[10] Name this series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta, which included battles like Mantinea and Aegospotami.
Answer: Peloponnesian Wars
[10] The Peloponnesian League, lead by Sparta, was opposed by this alliance of city states lead by Athens. Pericles moved its treasury to Athens from its namesake island, and members included Naxos and Megara.
Answer: Delian League
[10] This Spartan general, who was victorious at the battle of Aegospotami, took over Athens and set up the Thirty Tyrants.
Answer: Lysander
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One method of synthesizing these compounds is the oxy-mercuration of an alkene, and the reaction of a Grignard reagent with a carbonyl compound also produces them. FTPE:,
[10] Name this functional group which consists of an -OH attached to an unsaturated carbon chain. They create a large band around 3500 wavenumbers in an IR spectrum.
Answer: Alcohol or hydroxyl
[10] Deprotonated alcohols attack an alkyl halide in an SN2 reaction named for Williamson in order to create these compounds.
Answer: Ethers
[10] Dihydropyran reacts with alcohol to form an ester linkage, which shields the alcohol moiety from some reactions. DHP is an example of this type of group, which chemically modifies another group in order to "guard" it during synthesis.
Answer: Protecting Group or Protection group
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
His Journey To Parnassus pokes fun at his contemporaries, and he published a series of Exemplary Novels alongside his more famous works. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Spanish author of romances like Persiles and Sigismunda.
Answer: Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra
[10] Cervantes' most famous work is probably this novel about a windmill-battling man who journeys with Sancho Panza as a knight-errant in search of adventure.
Answer: Don Quixote
[10] This book, Cervantes' first, tells the story of Elico and Eriso's love for the title character. The opening scene of the novel shows her and Florisa bathing.
Answer: La Galatea

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