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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 EFT Tossups by Jerry Vinokurov 2
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In one monologue in this work, a character bemoans the loss of six brothers, "mown by the sword," while another monolgue is delivered by a different character shortly after identifying the "son of the Amazon." In the final act of this work, Panope delivers news of the death of one character, while more sad news is delivered by Theramenes in the same act. In the fourth act of this work, one character bemoans a "presumptuous traitor," who "would have disgraced his father's honor," and Oenone tells that character of how she saved the title character from being raped. Despite pleading that he loves only Aricia, a character is banished by Theseus "beyond the Pillars of Alicdes," but dies after an encounter with a monster, and the title character kills herself out of shame with a poison obtained from Medea. For ten points, identify this play about the wife of Theseus who accuses her stepson Hippolytus of rape, written by Jean Racine.
Answer: Phaedra
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Lionel Feininger was an American associated with this group, and Alexey von Jawlensky was influenced by this group to paint works such as Mme. Turandot and would later form a successor group to this one with Feininger and two of its original members. Minor members of this movement, which grew out of a group called the Phalanx, included Albert Bloch and Vladimir Burlyuk, and its primary leaders produced a namesake "Almanac" of it, claiming that "we showed only that art which lives untouched by the constraint of convention."One member of this group painted a gondolier poling a boat in which the title figures rest in his Three Girls in a Barque, while another member produced such paintings as Fighting Forms and The Fate of the Animals. Including such artists as August Macke and Franz Marc, for ten points, identify this Expressionist artistic movement that took its name from a painting by one of its founders, Wassily Kandinsky.
Answer: Blue Rider or Der Blaue reiter
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The Bekenstein formula gives the entropy associated with one of these objects, whose thermodynamic processes inspired t'Hooft and Susskind to devise the holographic principle. Kruskal coordinates can be used to bridge the boundary associated with one type of these objects, and the inability to see the inside of one is known as the cosmic censorship hypothesis. These objects can only contain mass, angular momentum, and charge according to the no-hair theorem. Energy can be extracted from a rotating one via the Penrose process, and these objects can be described by the Reissner-Nordstrom or Kerr metrics, as well as the Schwarzchild metric. Surrounded by a boundary from beyond which an outside observer can receive no information, for ten points, identify these objects which may emit Hawking radiation and are believed to contain singularities formed from the collapse of a whole bunch of mass.
Answer: black holes
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Late in life, this thinker summarized his view that philosophy should be practiced as part of natural science in the work Pursuit of Truth. With Hilary Putnam, this philosopher is the namesake of an indispensability argument for mathematical realism, and he used the axioms of extensionality and stratified comprehension in the creation of his "New Foundations" set theory. This philosopher advanced his thesis on the indeterminacy of translation in the 1960 work Word and Object. This thinker is probably best known for an essay in which, using examples such as bachelors being unmarried men, he attacked reductionism and the distinction between analytic and synthetic statements. For ten points, identify this American philosopher and author of "Two Dogmas of Empiricism."
Answer: Willard Van Orman Quine
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One leader of this polity won a major victory over the Buyids at Baghdad, and this polity ended its existence as an independent empire after being defeated by the Mongols at the battle of Kose Dagh. The Great Mosque of Esfahan was constructed under this polity, whose vizier Nizam al-Mulk was murdered by the sect of Assassins in 1092. The battle of Dandanqan in 1040 was a victory for Chaghri Beg and Tughril Beg, who were both leaders of this Sunni polity. During the Crusades, this state was reorganized into the Sultanate of Rum, and its other leaders included Malik Shah. Under the leadership of Alp Arslan, this group defeated Romanus Diogenes in 1071 at Manzikert, and it took its name from a chieftain of the Oghuz Turks. For ten points, identify this Islamic empire which lasted in Anatolia from about 1036 to 1243.
Answer: Seljuk Empire (for anyone who has a bone to pick about dates: after 1243 it was a Mongol dependency)
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This body of water is the site of a monastery established by Stephen of Perm during his quest to convert the Komi people. This body of water is also home to the smallest species of ringed seal, which is named for it, and the construction of a new canal on this body of water in the 1870s unerthed an ancient Neolithic boat near its shores. Unlike the Laurentian lakes, which are comparable to it in size, it is frozen during most of the winter, and important fisheries dependent on this body of water are located on the Svir river, which flows into it. During the siege of Leningrad in 1943, this body of water served as the so-called "road of life," to provide food to the city, and along with the Neva, which flows from it, it is part of the shipping route known as the White Sea-Baltic Canal. For ten points, identify this Russian lake, the largest in Europe.
Answer: Lake Ladoga
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The first DNA ever sequenced consisted of 12 base pairs belonging to this organism. The replication of this organism is triggered by the production of recA protease, which can be induced by ultraviolet light or other stresses. This organism's R gene results in a product that degrades the peptidoglycan of the cell wall, while its S gene protein allows for the transport of that product. Initial infection by this organism results in the transcription of cro and N genes, and the prevalence of CII protein causes repression of lytic functions. Unlike T4 and T7, replication is encoded in only two positions, O and P, in this virus, which uses the synthesis of CI repressor from PRM to cause lysogeny. Infecting E. coli by targeting its lamB receptor, for ten points, identify this temperate phage discovered by Esther and Joshua Lederberg, which is denoted by a Greek letter.
Answer: lambda phage
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Aymer de Valence led a group that mediated between this ruler and Thomas of Lancaster, who would be defeated by this ruler at Boroughbridge and executed. This ruler's son was married to Philippa of Hainault, and this ruler himself was forced to abdicate by the Parliament of Westminster. Though he wasn't John, this ruler was forced by barons to sign a document known as the Ordinances, which required the banishment of his favorite and possible lover Piers Gaveston. Born at Carnarvon, this king became the first Prince of Wales, and his attempt to prevent Scottish independence led to his defeat at Bannockburn by Robert the Bruce. In 1326 his wife Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer had him deposed and imprisoned. Ruling England from 1307 to 1326, for ten points, identify this son of Edward Longshanks.
Answer: Edward II (accept Edward of Carnarvon before mention)
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One part of this work relates how the killing of a giant ox for a wedding feast leads to the revelation of how beer is brewed, while another section of this work is told by the bride-adviser. One character in this work finds himself stuck in a swamp after losing a singing contest while another character, whose kenning is "Blue-Stockings," kills himself after discovering that he accidentally slept with his sister, At the end of this work, a character born from an eggshell leaves the world in a copper boat while another character in this work is resurrected by his mother after being killed by the herder Soppy Hat. This work's later parts concern the struggle against Louhi, the woman of Pohjola for possession of the Sampo, forged by one of the main characters. For ten points, identify this epic poem collected by Elias Lonnrott which tells of the adventures of Vainamoinen, Lemminkhainen, and Ilmarinen, the national epic of Finland.
Answer: Kalevala
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In one story by this author, a man offers Prince Florizel of Bohemia the titular confections, which eventually leads Florizel to join a society in which cards are played for the honor of being killed. In addition to "The Story of the Young Man with the Cream Tarts," part of his "Suicide Club," series, this author wrote of his time in the Napa Valley in The Silverado Squatters. Other travelogues by this writer include Travels with a Donkey, and one of his novels ends with Secundra Dass' failure to revive James Durrie. In addition to that work, narrated by Ephraim Mackellar and entitled The Master of Ballantrae, this author followed up his story of David Balfour with Catriona, and other characters of his include Richard Enfield and Mr. Utterson, who discovers the body of the title character of his most famous work. For ten points, identify this author of The Weir of Hermiston and Kidnapped, who also wrote Treasure Island and The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.
Answer: Robert Louis Stevenson
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This conflict broke out one year after the death of Joseph Ferdinand and was indirectly caused by the demands of Leopold I that his son Charles receive unpartitioned lands. One battle in this conflict took place as one side was getting ready to beseige a village near the Schelde River, while another battle two years prior to that one took place near modern-day Namur and was a defeat for the Duke de Villeroi; those battles were Oudenarde and Ramellies. The immediate cause of this conflict was the death of Charles II and the subsequent attempt to place the future Philip V on the throne of a certain nation. One of this war's decisive battles occurred when a Franco-Bavarian force under Tallard was defeated by Eugene of Savoy and the Duke of Marlborough. For ten points, identify this war between France and a coalition led by England which featured such battles as Malplaquet and Blenheim and was ended by the Treaty of Utrecht.
Answer: War of the Spanish Succession
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This architect used a prototype known as the Dom-Ino house to model many of his buildings. A one-time proponent of Syndicalism, this architect collaborated with Amedee Ozenfant during a Purist phase, and his work abroad included the winning design for the Centrosoyuz building and the Ministry of Education and Health in Rio de Janeiro. One of this architect's most famous buildings contains an elliptical ground floor and a central ramp situated in a square plan, while another of his buildings is notable for its shell-like exterior and giant gargoyle, and is located near Beaufort. This architect planned the layout of the city of Chandigarh, while his important constructions close to home include the chapel at Ronchamps and the Notre Dame du Haut. For ten points, identify this architect who characterized houses as machines for living, designed the Villa Savoie, and wrote Towards a New Architecture.
Answer: Le Corbusier or Charles-Edouard Jeanneret
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The MORB reservoir is believed to lie somewhere within this region, and one model of its evolution involves the cooling of melt zones and the transfer of KREEP. Ringwood proposed that this region was initially composed of pyrolite, and the homogeneity of this region is measured either through the derivative of bulk modulus with respect to pressure or through the Bullen parameter. The Lehman discontinuity appears about 230 kilometers into this region, which also features the low velocity zone, and its lowest 200 kilometers are known as the D-double-prime layer. The boundary between this region and the crust is known as the Mohorovicic discontinuity, and this general region extends to the Gutenberg discontinuity. The source of volcanic magma, for ten points, identify this region of the earth's interior located between the lithosphere and the outer core.
Answer: mantle
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One character in this work claims to have been a Democrat "In the old days [when] they fairly hunted us with guns." One chapter of this work, entitled "The Untold Lie," concerns Ray Pearson and Hal Winters, while "Godliness" concerns David Hardy, who knocks out his grandfather Jesse Bentley and flees. The Reverend Curtis Hartman lusts after Kate Swift in the "Godliness" chapter of this work, while another vignette in this work concerns a schoolteacher originally named Adolph Myers who was driven out of Pennsylvania under suspicion of molesting his students, and who takes the name of Wing Biddlebaum. In addition to "Hands," this work also tells of the main character's rivalry with Seth Richmond for the affections of Helen White, and the last chapter, "Departure," ends with his leaving the titular town. For ten points, identify this work tied together by the presence of George Willard and written by Sherwood Anderson.
Answer: Winesburg, Ohio
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Kurt Cobain and Courtney Love met at the Satyricon club in this city, which is also currently the residence of Frank Black. This year, a band from this city has released an album that claims "Now that our vision is strong/ we don't have to admit we were wrong," in the title track "Now We Can See." In addition to being home to the Thermals, this city is also home to a band that claimed "I Am A Scientist," on one song off their 2003 album Welcome to the Monkey House; that band is fronted by Courtney Taylor-Taylor. Yet another band to recently emerge from this city sang of a procession held in honor of the title princess in "The Infanta," off the album Picaresque, and has recently released a concept album that follows the stories of Margaret and William, The Hazards of Love. For ten points, identify this Northwestern U.S. city which is home to the Dandy Warhols and the Decemberists.
Answer: Portland, Oregon
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Compositions of this type by Dvorak include his 1887 Cypresses and one in C-major for Joseph Hellmesberger, and Stravinsky's Three Pieces and Webern's Six Bagatelles are both compositions of this type. Haydn's opus 33, composed according to him "in a new and special manner," is one of these compositions, while notable ones by Beethoven include his opus 18 and his opus 130, originally intended as the finale of his Grosse Fuge. Beginning with K428, Mozart composed six of these starting in 1782, all dedicated to Haydn, while contemporary examples include the fifteen composed by Shostakovich, of which the eighth is probably the most famous. For ten points, identify these compositions for solo instruments, which usually include parts for two violins, a viola, and a cello.
Answer: string quartets
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The Pauson-Khand cycloaddition utilizes this element in the perparation of cyclopentenone, and this element can be extracted from erythrite, a hydrated arsenate of this element known as its namesake "Bloom." A compound containing this element plays a primary role in the formation of methionine by methylation of homosysteine while another compound containing this element combines with carbon monoxide to give the acetyl group of acetyl coenzyme A. Isotope 60 of this element is radioactive and is often employed in place of X-rays, and in biological systems it is found surrounded by a corrin ring in a coenzyme that operates with folic acid in DNA synthesis. For ten points, identify this transition metal which is found at the center of vitamin B12, and which along with iron and nickel makes up the "iron triad".
Answer: cobalt
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An earlier piece of legislation which accomplished goals similar to the one accomplished by this law was the Page Act, which had applied to prostitutes. The scope of this legislation was expanded by the Scott Act six years after its passage, and the fourth section of this law provided for the issuance of return certificates which a later law would repeal. This legislation was passed partly in response to agitation by Dennis Kearney, the leader of the Workingmen's Party in San Francisco, and this law repudiated the Burlingame traty of 1868, which had promised free immigration between the United States and a certain country. For ten points, identify this 1882 act which prohibited laborers from a certain Asian nation from coming to the United States.
Answer: Chinese Exclusion Act
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Andre Breton and Benjamin Peret are the two dedicatees of this poet's poem "Clear Night," and this poet borrowed some lines from Gerard de Nerval's sonnet about Artemis for his poem which takes its title from a Jesuit college, "San Ildefonso Nocturne." The use of language between tension and resolution contributes the title of this writer's theory of poetry, The Bow and the Lyre, and he analyzed the pachuco as an alienated figure between two cultures in another work. He described voyaging through his lover's body "as through a grove going," in his most famous poem, which is composed of 584 hendecasyllabic lines, one for each of the days of the Aztec calendar. For ten points, identify this Mexican poet who authored Sun Stone as well as the critical work The Labyrinth of Solitude.
Answer: Octavio Paz
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In one work, this thinker emphasized the "need of security from aggression of Imperial Germany," and that work is an updating of Kant's "Perpetual Peace," entitled An Inquiry into the Nature of Peace. In one essay, this thinker traced "the standards of merit and propriety," to the "invidious distinction between those who are capable fighters and those who are not." In addition to "The Barbarian Status of Women," this thinker argued that there was no chance of a revolution deposing "those Vested Interests that now control the country's industrial system," in The Engineers and the Price System. In his most famous work, this thinker suggested that "the gambling propensity is another subsidiary trait of the barbarian temperament," in a chapter titled "The Belief in Luck," and advanced his concepts of pecuniary emulation and conspicuous consumption. For ten points, identify this American social theorist and author of The Theory of the Leisure Class.
Answer: Thorstein Veblen
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The melody for one aria in this work was unknowingly adapted from a song by Sebastian Yradier, and one character produces a flower he kept while imprisoned in the aria 'La fleur que tu m'avais jetee," and that character manages to break his opponent's knife in their third round of fighting. As this work opens, Corporal Morales and his company observe the passers-by. The title character throws back her ring at the end of this work, and the lead tenor is forced to join a band of smugglers when he draws his sword on Zuniga. The song "Votre toast, je peux vous le rendre" sees the entrance of Escamillo, while the title character's central aria is "L'amour est un oiseau rebbelle," better known simply as the "Habanera." For ten points, name this opera about a cigarette girl and some toreadors in Seville, a work by Georges Bizet.
Answer: Carmen
2009 EFT Bonuses by Jerry Vinokurov 2
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Both Joseph Stieglitz and George Akerloff won their Nobel prizes for their studies of how this phenomenon is unequally, or asymmetrically distributed. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this phenomenon, the perfect variety of which is necessary for the efficient market hypothesis to operate.
Answer: information
[10] Kenneth Arrow's studies of information asymmetry in his article "Uncertainty and the Welfare Economics of Medical Care," led him to theorize about this phenomenon, in which asymmetric information results in an agent having an incentive to behave in a risky fashion because he knows he will be protected.
Answer: moral hazard
[10] Akerloff studies of asymmetric information were based on "The Market for," these things, a pejorative term applied to poorly-functioning used cars whose defects are known only to the dealer.
Answer: lemons
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The electrical characteristics of these substances are measured with Langmuir probes, and the degree of ionization in them can be calculated through the Saha equation. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these substances consisting of free electrons and ions in a partially ionized gas which can be somewhat contained in a tokamak.
Answer: plasmas
[10] Plasmas experience non-dispersive damping of their oscillations through a process named after this Russian physicist, who also names a phenomenological theory of superconductivity with Ginzburg.
Answer: Lev Davidovich Landau
[10] An electric charge inserted into a plasma will be shielded by a screen of opposite charges whose volume is dictated by this eponymous parameter, named for a Dutch physicist who also gives his name to a temperature used in an early heat capacity model.
Answer: Peter Joseph William Debye
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This law was upheld against a challenge in the Supreme Court case Heart of Atlanta Motel v. U.S. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this seminal law proposed by Robert Kennedy and passed after one of the longest debates in Senate history, which, among other things, prohibited discrimination in places of public accommodation.
Answer: Civil Rights Act of 1964
[10] This section of the Civil Rights Act prohibited discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion, or national origin as pertaining to employment.
Answer: Title VII
[10] Title VII also established this organization, whose job it is to enforce the workplace discrimination laws. It began operation in 1965.
Answer: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
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This poem opens with the observation that "The posture that we give the dead points out the soul's eternal sleep," and concludes with the twin images of "the painted chief and pointed spear." For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this poem depicting an aboriginal cemetary.
Answer: The Indian Burying Ground (or The Indian Burial Ground)
[10] "The Indian Burying Ground," is one of the best-known works of this "poet of the revolution," who wrote "matchless Franklin, what a few can hope to rival such as you," in a poem on the death of Benjamin Franklin.
Answer: Philip Freneau
[10] This other Freneau poem addresses the titular "fair flower," that is described as "by Nature's self in white arrayed," and concludes with the famous couplet "The space between is but an hour/ The frail duration of a flower."
Answer: The Wild Honeysuckle
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Practitioners of this religion try to attain kevala and its name comes from the fact that those adherents follow teachers known as "conquerors." For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this religion which is subdivided into two main sects that differ, among other things, over the question of whether monks may wear clothes. The Digambaras say no, the Svetambaras say yes.
Answer: Jainism
[10] Jains adhere to this doctrine of nonviolence promulgated by Mahavira; especially devout followers sometimes wear masks over their faces to keep from inhaling living matter.
Answer: ahimsa
[10] Mahavira, the founder of Jainism, was the 24th and last of these Jain teachers, who are known in translation as "ford-makers" or "bridge-builders."
Answer: tirthankaras
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Angels watch from above as the title character stabs himself in one this painter's few mythological paintings, Coresus Sacrificing Himself to Save Callirhoe. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Rococo painter more famous for such works as The Stolen Kiss and the Progress of Love series.
Answer: Jean-Honore Fragonard
[10] Fragonard is probably best known for this painting in which a young woman on the titular contraption in the center sends one of her slippers flying over the head of a young man in the bushes who stares up at her.
Answer: The Swing or L'escarpolette
[10] This other Fragonard painting depicts a child in the center background with a butterfly tied to a stick while a young couple are engaged in the title game.
Answer: Blind Man's Bluff
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This incident arose from Gabriel Hanotaux's dispatching of an expedition east from Gabon under the direction of Jean-Baptiste Marchand. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this international incident in which Marchand's forces engaged in a standoff with British forces in a town in Sudan.
Answer: Fashoda Incident
[10] The leader of the British troops at Fashoda was this general, who had just finished wiping the floor with the Mahdists at Omdurman. He would later be killed by a German mime.
Answer: Horatio Kitchener
[10] This French foreign minister eventually ordered Marchand to withdraw and negotiated with Lord Salisbury to determine French and British spheres of influence, leading to the Anglo-French entente of 1904.
Answer: Theophille Delcasse
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This god outwitted a dwarf who wanted to pay suit to his daughter, and his most famous possession was produced by the dwarves Brokk and Sindri. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this wielder of the hammer Mjolnir who at Ragnarok will kill and be killed by Jormungandr, the world serpent.
Answer: Thor
[10] Thor encountered Jormungandr twice before Ragnarok, once while fishing with the giant Hymir and once in the shape of a cat's tail at the court of this king of the giants whose name is similar to that of the Norse trickster god.
Answer: Utgard-Loki or Outgard-Loki
[10] During a party at Aegir's palace, Thor was tasked with retrieving one of these objects. In Irish myth, the Dagda possessed one of these which could be used to revive anyone placed in it.
Answer: cauldron (accept any logical equivalents)
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Petri, Grun, and Vasco are three of the title characters in this author's play, The Wicked Cooks, though he's better known for his novels, such as The Flounder and Meeting at Telgte. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this German author whose trip to China with filmmaker Volker Schlondorf inspired his book Headbirths, or the Germans Are Dying Out.
Answer: Gunter Grass
[10] Grass is perhaps most famous for his Danzig Trilogy, of which this novel, about the diminutive Oscar Matzerath, the owner of the title percussion instrument, is the best-known.
Answer: The Tin Drum or Der Blechtrommel
[10] This book about Eddi Amsel, a builder of scarecrows, and Walter Matern is the final book of the Danzig Trilogy. It takes its name from the time period of Eddi and Walter's youth.
Answer: Dog Years or Hundejahre
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This mathematician's mapping theorem states that any simply connected open subset of the complex plane can be conformally mapped to the open unit disk. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this mathematician who with Cauchy gives his name to a pair of equations that show that a function is analytic.
Answer: Bernhard Riemann
[10] Riemann also gives his name to a type of this structure which in general is a topological space that appears Euclidean on small scales.
Answer: manifold
[10] Riemann is perhaps best known for his introduction of this function, whose distribution of zeros is related to the distribution of prime numbers. His namesake hypothesis is that the real parts of the zeros if this function equal one-half.
Answer: Riemann zeta function
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After giving his name, a character in this movie is mocked by being told that "you're hiding some Judaism!" For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Judd Apatow joint in which George Simmons, played by Adam Sandler, is a comedian suffering from leukemia.
Answer: Funny People
[10] The aforementioned character mocked for his Judaism, Ira Wright (real name: Weiner), is played by this actor, who also starred in the semi-hilarious Pineapple Express, Knocked Up, and, like, every Apatow movie ever.
Answer: Seth Rogen (accept David Seal or pointing to self if answer is being given by David Seal)
[10] Jason Schwartzman, who plays Ira's roomate in Funny People starred as Albert Markovski in this film in which Dustin Hoffman plays an existential detective.
Answer: I Heart Huckabees (interesting fact: the Wikipedia article actually has the heart in the URL; I didn't know that was possible)
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A collection of this man's letters to his friend Esther Johnson would be published after his death with the title Journal to Stella. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this writer who argued against debased coins in Ireland in his Drapier's Letters, and whose other Ireland-related writings include the suggestion that the Irish sell their children as food, A Modest Proposal.
Answer: Jonathan Swift
[10] Swift is best-known for this satirical picaresque detailing the adventures of the titular captain in lands such as Brobdingnag and Blefusco.
Answer: Gulliver's Travels or Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World, in Four Parts, by Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and Then a Captain of Several Ships
[10] Peter, Martin, and Jack, who represent Catholicism, Anglicanism, and Dissenters, are the main characters of this Swiftian satire, often published together with The Battle of the Books.
Answer: A Tale of a Tub
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Among this ruler's construction projects was the Temple of Amon, as well as Cleopatra's Needles, and he extended the boundary of his empire over Nubia as far as Kanisa Kurgus. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty who was succeeded by his son Amenhotep II.
Answer: Thutmose III
[10] In the 22nd year of his regin, Thutmose defeated the king of Kaddesh and his Mittani allies at this battle near the Carmel Range not far from modern-day Haifa.
Answer: Megiddo
[10] Upon ascension to the throne, Thutmose ordered all monuments bearing the depictions of this ruler destroyed. The wife of his father Thutmose II, this woman reigned as effective pharaoh until her death.
Answer: Hatshepsut
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Just after the discovery of film but before filmmakers discovered taste, you could make any sort of crazy crap you wanted. Identify some of that crazy crap for ten points each:,
[10] George Orwell was notably disgusted at the dead donkeys tied to the piano in this 16-minute Salvador Dali short, which features an infamous scene in which a razor slices open an eyeball.
Answer: Un Chien Andalou or An Andalusian Dog
[10] Robert Weine directed this silent film about the title physician who keeps the sleepwalking Cesare hidden in the title object and uses him to kill people.
Answer: The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari or Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari
[10] Loosely based on Frank Norris' McTeague, this Erich von Stroheim film originally ran to a meager ten hours; most of the footage was excised from the final version and then accidentally destroyed. These days it's considered a triumph of realism but contemporary audiences hated it.
Answer: Greed
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Amusingly, this term also refers to a species of Antarctic seabird also known as "whalebirds," but its best known referent is the cause of such diseases as kuru and fatal familial insomnia. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these infectious agents, malformed proteins discovered by Stanley Pruisner.
Answer: prions
[10] Prions are the cause of this neurodegenerative disease discovered by its two namesakes in the 1920s in which spongry degeneration occurs in the cortical layers.
Answer: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
[10] Another prion disease, GSS, is characterized by the formation of PrP-containing plaques of this kind of protein, which is also characteristic of Alzheimer's disease.
Answer: amyloid
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In his doctoral thesis, this philosopher strongly criticized Fechner's Law and held that we do not perceive time discreetly but rather continuously and that duration was the essence of human-experienced time. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this French philosopher who espoused these views in his Time and Free Will.
Answer: Henri-Louis Bergson
[10] Bergson is perhaps most famous for formulating this concept, which he held to be the life-force of all living creatures.
Answer: elan vital
[10] The concept of the elan vital was formulated in this Bergson work, his most famous.
Answer: Creative Evolution or L'Evolution creatrice
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Among adherents of this literary movement was the Guianan poet Leon Damas. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this literary movement that formed as a reaction against French colonialism in the 1930s and which was promoted by Sartre in his essay "Black Orpheus."
Answer: Negritude
[10] This Senegalese poet and eventual president was one of the founding members of the Negritude movement. Among his works are the poem "Black Woman," and collections such as Nocturnes and Elegies des Alizes.
Answer: Leopold Sedar Senghor
[10] With Damas and Senghor, this poet from Martinique was the third of the founding members of Negritude. His most famous work is his Return to My Native Land.
Answer: Aimee Cesaire
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Calculating this quantity can require one to perform the Ewald summation to first calculate the Madelung constant. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this quantity, which can be calculated from the Born-Lande equation and gives the strength of an ionic bond.
Answer: lattice energy
[10] Lattice energy is usually determined through this process, in which the constituent ions are vaporized and the mixture is allowed to recrystalize.
Answer: Born-Haber cycle
[10] The usefulness of the Born-Haber cycle is predicated on this chemical principle, which states that the energy change in a process is path-independent.
Answer: Hess' law
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Liaquat Ali Khan was the first prime minister of this nation, which fought the Kargill War with a southern neighbor and also saw the 1979 execution of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this nation formed in 1947.
Answer: Pakistan
[10] This man, the leader of the Muslim League in India, was the first president of Pakistan who pressed the British for the eventual partition.
Answer: Mohammed Ali Jinnah
[10] Together with Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Jinnah helped organize this 1916 conference, which produced a namesake "pact" between the National Congress and the Muslim League, affirming among other things a broader suffrage and resulting in nationalistic sentiments.
Answer: Lucknow Conference
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Turan Lowland dominates the western section of this nation, whose Fergana valley is a major source of fishing an lumber industry. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this nation whose historically significant cities include Tamerlane's former capital Samarkand.
Answer: Uzbekistan
[10] You can't fish in this lake whose southern half is located in Uzbekistan because it's far too saline. This lake's island of Vozrozhdeniya, or Resurrection Island, was the site of Soviet Nuclear testing.
Answer: Aral Sea
[10] The Aral Sea has shrunk substantially because the waters of these two rivers which used to replenish the lake had been diverted for irrignation purposes.
Answer: Amu Darya and Syr Darya (both answers required)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It isn't just about East Coast vs. West Coast. FTPE, answer the following questions about regional hip-hop subgenres:,
[10] Pioneered by artists in Memphis and Atlanta in the 1990s, this subgenre often features slow beats and repetitive chants. Some of this subgenre's best-known exponents include Lil Jon, Three Six Mafia, and the Ying Yang Twins.
Answer: Crunk
[10] This subgenre, which originated in California's Bay Area, introduced such phrases to the English-speaking world as "stunna shades," "ghostride the whip," and "yadadamean."
Answer: Hyphy
[10] This subgenre, which emerged from southern California in the early 1990s, is notable for its heavy use of melodic synthesizers, background female vocals, and portamento sine wave keyboard leads.
Answer: G-Funk

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