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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 EFT Tossups by Jerry Vinokurov 1
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
While in exile in London, this man began a newspaper dedicated to the cause with which he is most associated entitled "Thought and Action," and he claimed that his "whole doctrine is... summed up in [education]" in his essay, "On the Duties of Man." His correspondence with the Bandeira brothers led to their eventual execution for planning a failed 1844 rebellion, and four years later he was unable to enlist Pius IX in his cause. This man's early exploits included an open letter to Charles Albert, urging the latter to expel the Austrians from Piedmont, but after being rebuffed, this man founded a movement which held that "Neither pope nor king," could bring unification for his country. For ten points, identify this republican proponent of Italian unification most famous for founding the Young Italy movement.
Answer: Giuseppe Mazzini
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one work, this thinker suggested that mathematicians see the solution to a problem intuitively, and that incomplete work, which ends with the line, "the rest of the treatise is wanting," was published in his Opera posthuma. In addition to a Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect, this thinker also authored a reformulation of a work by Descartes entitled Principles of Descartes' Philosophy, the only work published with his name on it in his lifetime. In another of his works, this thinker put forth the idea that Moses had not written the Pentateuch, and he authored a work which adopted a "geometric order" of proof to derive moral facts and contains a section titled "Of Human Bondage or the Strength of Emotions." For ten points, identify this 17th century philosopher best known for his Ethics and his Tractatus Theologico-Politicus.
Answer: Baruch (or Benedict) Spinoza
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
During one episode in this work, the ghost of a king that had been killed by a lion demon asks the main characters for help, while a character in this work receives a new name after presiding over a ceremony for the salvation of ghosts. In another episode in this work, the title character challenges three magicians to a contest of miracles which results in the magicians' deaths. This work describes how the "eighty-first calamity" occurs after a turtle who has been perfecting himself for a thousand years throws off the main characters, who had neglected to ask the Buddha about the possibility of the turtle becoming a man, leading to the loss of some scriptures. Those characters include the monsters Sandy and Pigsy, as well as the title character, who had spent the previous five hundred years underneath a mountain. For ten points, identify this novel by Wu Ch'eng-en about the monk Tripitaka's quest to bring Buddhism to China, sometimes named for Sun Wukong.
Answer: Journey to the West or Monkey or Hsi-yu chi (accept Sun Wukong before mention)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The yield of these compounds can be increased through ball milling of some of their components, and one mode of operation of these compounds proceeds through a mechanism called enantiomorphic site control. A process for the operation of these compounds that proceeds through migratory insertions and obeys the "principle of least nuclear motions" was developed by Cossee and Arlman. Compounds such bis(cyclopentadienyl)titanium chloride and bis(indenyl)zirconium dichloride, known as metallocenes, have been developed as an alternative to the traditional compounds of this type. Those traditional initiators include vanadium trichloride and triethylaluminum, and the product of the application of these compounds to alkenes can result in syndiotactic, isotactic, or atactic products. For ten points, identify these stereoselective compounds used to initiate polymerization, named for a German and an Italian chemist.
Answer: Ziegler-Natta catalysts
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The outskirts of this city are home to Devil's Mountain, constructed out of rubble, while a square in this city named for Alexander I is home to a notable television tower. A monument to a 1933 book burning accompanied by Heine's quote, "where they burned books, they will burn people," is located in this one of this city's main plazas, which lies on the south side of a famous street in this city. That street terminates in a notable "gate" topped by a quadriga, borders the Bebelplatz, and is called the Unter den Linden, while the gate itself was the first part of Karl Schinckel's plan to transform this city into "Athens on the Spree." Once home to a notable guard outpost on Friedrichstrasse, for ten points, identify this city that is also home to a Holocaust memorial on Behrenstrasse as well as the Norman Foster-designed Reichstag building, and serves as the capital of Germany.
Answer: Berlin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
At one point in this work, a chaplain sings a song recounting the passion of Christ, and later a character is executed for throwing away the cashbox despite attempts to ransom him through Yvette. At the beginning of this work, the title character sings "Christians awake! Winter is gone!" after being asked for her papers, and casts lots for a soldier and three others, all of whom draw a black cross. Inspired by a 1670 Grimmelshausen work, this play consists of twelve scenes, each of which is introduced by a slogan as an illustration of epic theatre. At the end of this play, the mute Katrin drums on the roof to alert villagers to the approaching Catholic army, which leeds to her death, an end met earlier by two of the other title characters, Eilif and Swiss Cheese. For ten points, identify this play by Bertolt Brecht about Anna Fierling, a trader during the Thirty Years' War.
Answer: Mother Courage and Her Children or Mutter Couraghe und ihre Kinder
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Bhradaranyaka Upanishad explains this concept by analogy to a goldsmith fashioning an object from a nugget. The Ayurveda tradition holds that this concept is heritable, while in the Bhagavad Gita Krishna mentions that those who revere him will be liberated from its traps. In abhidarma traditions such as Theravada Buddhism, this concept represents the fundamental causal principle of all things, and adherence to it can result in becoming a deva. In Hinduism, those who adhere to this doctrine will find release from samsara, while in Buddhism its adherents will eventually find themselves rewarded by attaining nirvana. Taking its name from the Sanskrit word for "act," for ten points, identify this doctrine common to Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism, which generally holds that bad behavior is punished while good behavior is rewarded.
Answer: karman
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One type of this cell is the target of infection of the JC virus, which in immunosuppressed individuals can lead to a fatal disease known as PML. Tanycytes, Muller cells, and Bergmann cells are all epyndemal varieties of this type of cell and are found in ventricular spaces. The "micro" variety of these cells function as macrophages, and exists in perivascular and parenchymal types. The most abundant subtype of these cells is further divided into radial, fibrous, and protoplasmic varieties all of which express the protein GFAP, which forms their namesake filaments, while another subtype of these cells produce the myelin that covers axons. Including oligodendrocytes and their most abundant variety, astrocytes, for ten points, identify this class of non-neuronal cells which make up roughly half of the volume of the brain.
Answer: glial cells
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This composer quoted Keats' line, "When Chivalry lifted up her lance on high," in the score of his Froissart overture, while works by Longfellow inspired his orchestral works such as The Black Knight and King Olaf. This composer left unfinished an oratorio with parts for Simon Magus that would have completed his trilogy of oratorios begun in The Apostles and The Kingdom, and he wrote two symphonies, one in A-flat and one in E-flat. Another of this composer's works contains the Demons' Choruses and the song "Praise to the Holiest," and is based on a poem by Cardinal Newman about the soul's journey in the afterlife. He is more famous for a composition whose second movement is missing and which contains references to such individuals as "C.A.E.," "Dorabella," and "Nimrod." For ten points, identify this British composer of The Dream of Gerontius and the Enigma Variations.
Answer: Edward William Elgar
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Beverly Tucker authored a dystopian future resulting from the hypothetical election of this man to a fourth presidential term entitled The Partisan Leader. In economic matters, this man was strongly influenced by hard-money supporters such as William Gouge and Orestes Brownson and his economic policies included the eventual passage of the Independent Treasury Act. As a state politician, this man, with the aid of such figures as future governor Silas Wright organized the Bucktails into the Albany Regency. During his presidency, this man sent Winfield Scott to settle the Aroostook War and eight years after leaving office he would receive about 10 percent of the vote as the candidate of the Free Soil Party after being passed over by Democrats in favor of James Polk. For ten points, identify this New Yorker who replaced John C. Calhoun as Andrew Jackson's vice president and served as president from 1837 to 1841.
Answer: Martin van Buren
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
On the double album Silent All These Years, Tori Amos sings of a "boat made out of paper float," in an "Ode" to this kind of king. A song by Ween off the White Pepper album tells of a man who, as a consequence of Sancho's departure to Ensenada, is left to survive on cocaine and these objects. One of these objects is depicted just above Andy Warhol's name on the cover of the Velvet Underground's The Velvet Underground and Nico, while an Australian children's program that featured such characters as teddy bears named Amy, Lulu, and Morgan, and Rat in a Hat focused on two anthropomorphic ones named B1 and B2. For ten points, identify these objects, a type of food depicted "in Pyjamas," in the aforementioned show.
Answer: banana
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A minor character named Tyke becomes the chaplain of a hospital in this work due to the influence of a local banker, and another character in this work leaves all his money to Joshua Riggs, who is required to change his name. In this work, the viciousness of a horse prevents another character from selling it and paying off his debts, and that character, Fred Vincy, eventually becomes engaged to Mary Garth. In this work, the gift of a thousand pounds to a man who had attended the deathbed of Raffles by the banker Nicholas Bulstrode tarnishes the reputation of Tertius Lydgate, whose marriage to Rosamond suffers because of his ambitions and her spendthrift nature. Subtitled "A Study of Provincial Life," for ten points, identify this novel in which Will Ladislaw is eventually chosen over Edward Casaubon by Dorothea Brooke, written by George Elliot.
Answer: Middlemarch
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The first colonial settlements in the territory that would become this modern-day nation were established in 1536 by Domingo Martinez de Irala, and after independence, troops from this nation resisted domination by a western neighbor by repulsing troops under Manuel Belgrano. This nation's international isolation was ended during the rule of Carlos Antonio Lopez, while another dictator of this nation, Jose Gaspar Rodriguez de Francia was fictionalized by Augusto Roa Bastos. A more famous ruler of this nation reacted to Brazilian interference in the Uruguayan civil war by invading the Mato Grosso province, resulting in a war against a coalition organized of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. For ten points, identify this nation once led by Francisco Solano Lopez which lost more than half its population in the War of the Triple Alliance, and whose capital is at Asuncion.
Answer: Paraguay
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This quantity can contribute an extra term to the thermodynamic identity, making possible an isentropic cooling method effective at low temperatures. The propagation of light along it induces a rotation in the polarization vector named for Faraday, and Landau levels are formed in metals when it is applied. An inhomogenous arrangement of this quantity in space was key to conducting the Stern-Gerlach experiment, and its breaking of degeneracies in atomic energy levels is known as the Zeeman effect. A material's delayed reaction to an externally applied one is known as hysteresis, and a spin will precess about one of these with the Larmor frequency. For ten points, identify this divergence-free component of a fundamental force whose cross-product with velocity is proportional to the Lorenz force with which it deflects charged particles.
Answer: magnetic field or B or H
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Pettigrew and Matthews used survey data from Europe to develop a scale that measured two varieties of this phenomenon, including a "subtle" variant. Robert Nisbet explained this phenomenon as a form of wisdom existing apart from intellect and created a "philosophical dictionary" cataloguing its instances. A classic study titled after the "Nature of" this phenomenon was authored by Gordon Allport, while Henri Tajfel discovered that this type of behavior could be induced through the creation of "minimal groups." The centrality of emotional factors to this behavior was demonstrated by Mackie and Hamilton in 1993's Affect, Cognition, and Stereotyping, and it can induce attribution errors in which outgroups are held responsible for failures but not for successes. For ten points, identify this behavior defined by Allport as "an antipathy based upon a faulty and inflexible generalization."
Answer: prejudice
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This poet advised the listener to "tell me not in mournful numbers, life is but an empty dream," and noted that "Art is long and Time is fleeting" in "A Psalm of Life." This poet described how "grave Alice, and laughing Allegra, and Edith with golden hair," create "a pause in the day's occupations" during the titular period in "The Children's Hour." This poet borrowed the trochaic tetrameter from an English translation of the Kalevala for one of his most famous poems, and he described ho "Alvares and Rivera interchange with Abraham and Jacob of old times," in the titular location in "The Jewish Cemetary at Newport." His poem about the romance between the title character and Gabriel Lajeunesse famously begins with the line "this is the forest primeval," while another poem concerns a man who gives instructions to "hang a lantern aloft in... the North-Church-tower." For ten points, identify this author of "The Village Blacksmith," and Evangeline, perhaps best known for "Paul Revere's Ride," and "The Song of Hiawatha."
Answer: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This ruler's son-in-law suppressed the Babylonian revolt of Shamash-eriba, and late in life this ruler ordered the construction of the Hall of a Hundred Columns before being killed by his minister Artabanus. Unlike his more tolerant father, this ruler destroyed temples to Marduk and proscribed the worship of the daevas, instead instituting Zoroastrianism as the state religion. After his most notable military exploits, in which his allies included the Carian queen Artemisia, this ruler retired to Susa. This ruler's general Mardonius was killed by forces under Pausanias at Plataea, and his fleet was tricked into attacking leading to annihilation by forces under Themistocles at Salamis. For ten points, identify this Persian king who invaded Greece by crossing the Hellespont, the successor of Darius I.
Answer: Xerxes I or Xerxes the Great or Khshayarsha
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one story, this deity was confined in a bronze jar for thirteen months by the Aloadae. This deity was wounded by Heracles when he attempted to defend his son Cycnus against the hero, and he fathered two other sons with Pyrene, Lycaon and Diomedes. This god's other sons included Oenomaus, to whom this god gave the weapons with which he killed Hippodamia's suitors, and Cadmus spent eight years serving this god after killing his sacred dragon, at the end of which term he married this god's daughter Harmonia. Athena made it possible for Diomedes to wound this father of Penthisilea during the Trojan War, and as punishment for cuckolding him, Hephaistos trapped him under a net. For ten points, identify this erstwhile lover of Aphrodite who is often accompanied by Phobos and Deimos, the Greek god of war.
Answer: Ares
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In a painting by Ingres, Henry IV is depicted receiving the ambassador of Spain while occupied with three of these people. Philip Otto Runge painted a painting named after the Hulsenbeck ones of these, three of whom are depicted in it. Rolling a hoop, riding a barrel, and hitting each other with sticks are some of the activities in which these people are engaged in a Breughel painting about these kinds of games. Two female exemplars of this type of person with the surname Barnard were depicted holding Chinese lamps by John Singer Sargent, who also painted four other female examples who were related to Edward Darley Boit. For ten points, identify these diminutive humans, one of whom was depicted playing with a mirror while on her mother's lap by Mary Cassatt.
Answer: children (prompt on "boys" or "girls", accept kids)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Merkle and Hellman developed an algorithm for doing this through the use of the knapsack problem, which was improved on by Graham and Shamir to eliminate the problem of trapdoors. The Pohlig-Hellman algorithm for doing this task relies on exponentiation, while the Playfair algorithm, originally invented by Wheatstone, uses a 5 by 5 matrix to perform this task. Diffey and Hellman proposed a way of doing this through the use of public and private keys, while another way of accomplishing this task is with a substitution method such as the shifting method once employed by Julius Caesar. It can also be accomplished perfectly through the use of a random key stream in the one-time pad method, though perhaps the best known method for doing it is the RSA method. For ten points, identify this task which involved scrambling a message so that it can only be decoded by the intended receiver.
Answer: encryption (accept cryptography, accept "public key cryptography", accept "public key exchange" due to ambiguities)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This deity's shrine was enlarged until the year "Eight Reed," and an alternate name for him is "Turquoise Prince." This figure's messenger, called "He who hastens," was Paynal, and His power was celebrated at the festival of Panquetzalitzli. He tossed his sister's head into the sky to create the moon after killing the Four Hundred Southerners with his lightning serpent, and he is depicted as a giant eagle in the Codex Mendoza. This figure sprang fully-grown from the womb and slew Coyolxauqui in order to protect his mother Coatlicue, and in his eagle form he lands on a cactus, a motif still seen on the Mexican flag. For ten points, name this chief god of Tenochtitlan whose name means "Hummingbird on the Left."
Answer: Huitzilopochtli
2009 EFT Bonuses by Jerry Vinokurov 1
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The coupling of these particles to photons in a cosmic fluid results in the acoustic oscillations in the CMB spectrum. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these particles, hadrons which consist of a bound state of three quarks.
Answer: baryons
[10] This quantum number was proposed during the work that led to the prediction of the existence and mass of the omega minus baryon. It is carried by carriers of the strong force, gluons.
Answer: color
[10] The existence of the omega minus baryon required the postulation of color as a quantum number carried by quarks to avoid violating this rule, which states that no two fermions can have the same set of quantum numbers.
Answer: Pauli Exclusion Principle
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This thinker attacked Talcott Parsons' The Social System in his 1959 work, The Sociological Imagination, and his interviews with Cubans about the recent revolution are collected in Listen, Yankee! For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this American sociologist.
Answer: Charles Wright Mills
[10] Mills is best known for this work, in which he argued that the economic, political, and military leaders of the United States constituted the titular group which controlled the activities of the nation.
Answer: The Power Elite
[10] This 1951 work by Mills is subtitled "The American Middle Classes," and analyzes the rise of the managerial society engaged in the titular type of profession.
Answer: White Collar: The American Middle Classes
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This work was composed after the author was roused from a dream by a visitor from Porlock, and one source of it may have been William Bartram's journal of his travels in America. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this poem whose imagery includes an Abyssinian main with a dulcimer, as well as a "pleasure dome" constructed near the river Alph by the title character.
Answer: Kubla Khan
[10] "Kubla Khan," is the best-known short poem of this British poet, whose other notable works include "Frost at Midnight," and "This Lime-Tree Bower My Prison," as well as "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner."
Answer: Samuel Taylor Coleridge
[10] Coleridge's most famous critical work is this 1817 volume which contains his theories of literature, answers criticism directed towards his poem Christabel, and ends with an assessment of Wordsworth.
Answer: Biographia Literaria
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The group behind this conflict grew out of the Eight Trigrams Society who were initially hired as militia by the governor of the Shaanxi province. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Chinese rebellion of the "Righteous and Harmonious Militia," against Western influence in China.
Answer: Boxer Rebellion
[10] The Boxer rebellion took place during the reign of this Qing dynasty regent, who held the effective power during the nominal reign of the Guangxu emperor.
Answer: Cixi or T'zu-hsi or Xioaqin or the Dowager Empress
[10] Cixi squashed this effort at reforming Chinese institutions by Guangxu, named for the duration of time for which it lasted.
Answer: Hundred Days Reform
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify these philosophers who made contributions to the philosophy of mind, for ten points each.,
[10] This man's namesake "theatre" was denounced by Gilbert Ryle in The Concept of Mind, but you may know him better for his refutation of skepticism in his Discourse on Method.
Answer: Rene Descartes
[10] Concepts such as "Introspection," "Memory," and "Belief," title sections in this philosopher's The Analysis of Mind. His other famous contributions include working with Whitehead on the Principia Mathematica and writing The History of Western Philosophy.
Answer: Bertrand Russell
[10] This man proposed that incorrigibility was the hallmark of mental processes and initiated the "linguistic turn" by suggesting that the mind is whatever it is that we talk about when we talk about the mind. His works include Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature and Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity.
Answer: Richard Rorty
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The title character of one of this novelist's works commits a perfect unmotivated crime by pushing Amedee Fleurissoire out of a train. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this French novelist of Lafcadio's Adventures and a novel about a pedophile named Michel, The Immoralist.
Answer: Andre Gide
[10] Bernard Profitendieu discovers his true parentage in this novel by Gide, which was accompanied by a namesake "Journal" by Gide, and took its name from the fact that one of the characters, George Molinier, is accused of passing fake coins.
Answer: The Counterfeiters or Les Faux-monnayeurs
[10] Taking its title from Luke 13:24, this Gide novella concerns Alissa Bucolin's attempts to redirect the love of her cousin Jerome Palissier towards her sister Juliette and to find sainthood.
Answer: Strait is the Gate or La Porte etroite
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer some questions about anareobic conditions. For ten points each:,
[10] Under anaerobic conditions, pyruvate can instead be reduced by NADH+ to this compound, whose buildup in muscles during exercise leads to muscle fatigue.
Answer: lactic acid or lactate
[10] This enzyme, which uses a lipoic acid tether and thiamine pyrophosphate, converts pyruvate to acetyl-CoA, leading away from anaerobic respiration.
Answer: Pyruvate dehydrogenase or PDH
[10] In the Cori cycle, lactic acid is shuttled to the liver, where it undergoes this process to form glucose. This process is essentially glycolysis in reverse, but with a few bypasses.
Answer: Gluconeogenesis
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify these achievements of Greek architecture, for ten points each.,
[10] Perhaps the most famous Greek construction, like, ever, this temple to Athena on the Acropolis was constructed by Ictinus and Callicrates and features statuary by Phidias. It is notable for its Doric peristyle columns.
Answer: the Parthenon
[10] Also located on the Acropolis not far from the Parthenon is this shrine dedicated to its namesake Greek hero. It is particularly noted for its Porch of the Caryatids.
Answer: Erechtheum
[10] Pythios was the architect of this tomb of the tyrant of Caria, which was ordered by his widow Artemisia. It was probably destroyed by an earthquake and its stones recycled into surrounding buildings.
Answer: Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A key defensive action in this battle was Benjamin Prentiss' defense of the Hornet's Nest. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this April 6, 1862 battle in Tennessee which saw Don Carlos Buell's reinforcements and troops under Lew Wallace reinforce Grant and drive P.G.T. Beauregard from the field.
Answer: Battle of Shiloh or Pittsburgh Landing
[10] The last major action before the battle of Shiloh was Grant's capture of these two forts, one on the Tennessee River and one on the Cumberland.
Answer: Fort Henry and Fort Donelson
[10] Shiloh saw the death of this Confederate general, a veteran of the Black Hawk War and the Mexican-American War, who commanded the attack on the Union lines at Shiloh.
Answer: Albert Sidney Johnston (prompt on "Johnston" to distinguish from J.E. Johnston)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Its historical importance extends to Darius' use of it to reach the Indus, and near it is the Shola stupa, a Buddhist temple known as its namesake "Top." For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this important pass through a major mountain range of Central Asia that was yielded to the British in the Treaty of Gandamak.
Answer: Khyber Pass
[10] The Khyber Pass crosses this mountain range which fuses with the Pamirs to the northeast.
Answer: Hindu Kush
[10] The pass connects the Pakistani city of Peshawar to this capital of Pakistan's western neighbor, which served as the capital of the Mughals under Babur and was captured by Nadir Shah in 1738.
Answer: Kabul
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The most famous painting of this artist's period spent at Pontoise was The House of the Suicide, while his mature masterpieces include The Sea at L'Estaque. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this post-Impressionist painter of Woman with Coffee-Pot and The Bathers.
Answer: Paul Cezanne
[10] Cezanne's best known late works are probably his views of this mountain near his home in Aix-en-Provence.
Answer: Mount Sainte-Victoire
[10] Several version of this Cezanne painting exist; in one version, three of the titular individuals are seated around a table, though in the most famous one there are only two men with a bottle between them, both staring at their hands.
Answer: The Card Players or Les jouneurs de cartes
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Anti-semitism might have been a motivating factor for the author of this story, in which Morgan and Steinfelt talk Jack Brennan into placing the titular bet on Walcott, intending to double-cross Jack. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this short story about a boxing match which is collected in Men Without Women.
Answer: Fifty Grand
[10] Like the rest of the stories in Men Without Women, "Fifty Grand," was written by this American author, perhaps better known for novels like The Sun Also Rises and For Whom the Bell Tolls.
Answer: Ernest Hemingway
[10] Published two years prior to Men Without Women, Hemingway's collection In Our Time, which features such stories as "Indian Camp," and "Big Two-Hearted River," focuses on this young character.
Answer: Nick Adams [accept either]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Once ruled by such kings of the Premyslid dynasty as Ottokar II, this region saw wars between the Utraquists and the Taborites during the early 15th century. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this region which together with Moravia forms most of the present-day Czech Republic.
Answer: Bohemia
[10] The Taborites were followers of Jan Ziska, who himself was the follower of this Czech religious reformer, who was burned at the stake during the Council of Constance.
Answer: Jan Hus
[10] This king of Bohemia belonged to the Luxembourg dynasty and founded the University of Prague before becoming a Holy Roman Emperor and issuing the Golden Bull of 1356 which established rules for electing the emperor.
Answer: Charles I of Bohemia or Charles IV of the Holy Roman Empire
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Sometime on the day that you hear this question, the Denver Nuggets will be playing Partizan Belgrade. Answer some questions that aren't about either of those teams, but rather about some summer moves, for ten points each:,
[10] This paint-clogger who shambled up and down (mostly down) the court last season for the Suns has now moved to Cleveland, where he swears he's ok playing second fiddle to LeBron. Oh, and he still sucks at free throws.
Answer: Shaquille O'Neal (either name)
[10] Looking for an efficient way to waste a whole bunch of money at once, the Raptors signed this small forward from the Magic in a trade that also moved the worthless Devean George out of Dallas.
Answer: Hedo Turkoglu (accept either name)
[10] As a consequence of the Turkoglu trade, Dallas got this forward, who everyone thought was good as long as Steve Nash was feeding him the ball. After leaving the Suns, he notably skulked that Miami was too slow, and he may or may not be the only player ever traded for two O'Neals.
Answer: Shawn Marion
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Separation of these solutiosn can be accomplished through the addition of an entrainer, which forms another one of these solutions with a component of the first one. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these solutions which have a constant minimum or maximum boiling point that is lower or higher than any of its constituents.
Answer: azeotropes
[10] Azeotropes cannot be distilled through applications of this law, which states that the partial pressure of a component is given by its mole fraction in a solution times the vapor pressure of the pure constituent.
Answer: Raoult's Law
[10] Aniline is used to break up the azeotrope formed by benzene and this compound, which is produced through the catalytic hydrogenation of benzene and is itself used to produce adipic acid.
Answer: cyclohexane
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
After waging a protracted campaing against Argentinian characters in his radio soap operas, one of the title characters of this work writes of the destruction of a fictional Lima and is committed to an insane assylum. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel whose title characters include Pedro Camacho as well as the main character's love interest.
Answer: Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter or La Tia Julia y el escribidor
[10] Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter is one of the more famous novels of this Peruvian author, who analyzed Madame Bovary in The Perpetual Orgy, and authored such other novels as The Time of the Hero and The War of the End of the World.
Answer: Mario Vargas Llosa
[10] The title edifice of this Vargas Llosa novel is the brothel constructed by Don Anselmo in the Amazonian town of Piura. Characters in this novel include the Indian girl Bonifacia and the contrabandist Fushia.
Answer: The Green House or La casa verde
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The opening movement of his Piano Concerto in D minor was originally part of the opening allegro of a two-piano sonata, while that work's rondo finale was intended as a portrait of Clara Schumann. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this composer, who used gypsy tunes as inspiration for his Hungarian Dances.
Answer: Johannes Brahms
[10] Brahms' opus 80, often paired with his opus 81, the Tragic Overture, is this work, based on student songs and popular tunes such as the Rakoczi March and Gaudeamus igitur and composed for the University of Breslau.
Answer: Academic Festival Overture
[10] Along with the Second Piano Concerto in B-flat and the Double Concerto, this 1878 work, composed for Joseph Joachim, is one of Brahms' mature orchestral works. It is in the key of D and is Brahms' only work of its kind.
Answer: Violin Concerto
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Among the feats of these deities is the defeat of Seven Macaw, Zipacna, and Earthquake. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these trickster deities who defeated the lords of Xibalba. They are the sons of Yum Kaax and Blood Woman.
Answer: the Hero Twins (or Hunahpu and Xbalanque)
[10] The hero twins appear in the mythology of these Mesoamerican peoples who worshipped the god Gucumatz as an analogue of Quetzalcoatl and had their population centers at Chichen Itza and Tikal.
Answer: Maya
[10] The story of the Hero Twins is found in this Mayan creation epic whose name translates as "The Council Book."
Answer: Popul Vuh
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A rebellion of miners that broke out in this nation's city of Ballarat in 1854 over attempts to impose fees for gold licenses was known as the Eureka Stockade. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this southern country.
Answer: Australia
[10] Earlier, Australia was also home to this 1806 rebellion agianst William Bligh; this uprising took its name from protests againsts Bligh's strict control of the trafficking of a certain alcoholic beverage.
Answer: Rum Rebellion
[10] Bligh had been the governor of this colony in Australia, now a state, which two years before the Rum Rebellion was the site of the Castle Hill Rebellion of Irish convicts.
Answer: New South Wales
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Answer some questions about the best coordinate system, the spherical coordinate system, for ten points each.,
[10] The solution to the Helmholtz differential equation in spherical coordinates can be given in terms of the spherical variety of these function, whose second and third kinds are known as the Neumann and Hankel types.
Answer: Bessel functions
[10] The differential equation that yields spherical Bessel functions is actually just this equation with an extra term. This equation is usually written as "del squared of a vector equals zero."
Answer: Laplace's equation
[10] Spherical Bessel functions of the first kind can be represented as an integral named for this mathematician, who also gives his name to a distribution used to model discrete events such as shot noise, as well as another generalization of Laplace's equation.
Answer: Simeon Denis Poisson
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FTPE, answer the following questions about Russian disasters:,
[10] In August 2000, this Russian nuclear submarine exploded in the Barents Sea, killing all 118 aboard. This submarine blew up with such force that it registered a 2.2 on the Richter scale.
Answer: Kursk
[10] After the founding of St. Petersburg in 1703, its inhabitants noticed that this river, which empties into the Gulf of Finland, flooded the city on an average of once per year. The flooding of this river is also the subject of Aleksandr Pushkin's poem The Bronze Horseman.
Answer: Neva
[10] In 1908, this mysterious disaster flattened 80 million trees in a remote region of Siberia. An asteroid or comet is believed to have been responsible for the disaster.
Answer: Tunguska Event

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