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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 EFT Tossups by Jang 3
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Herbert Samuel, Rufus Isaacs, and this man were among those accused by Hilaire Belloc of corruption in the Marconi Scandal. His opposition to the Poor Law resulted in the Old Age Pensions Act, and he delivered the famous Mansion House speech in the aftermath of the Agadir crisis. His downfall came when he delivered an ultimatum to the Turks in the Chanak crisis, but this proponent of the "people's budget" and successor of Henry Asquith remains best known for exercising a moderating influence on German reparations after WWI. FTP, name this British prime minister, the final one of the Liberal Party who, along with Clemenceau, Wilson, and Orlando, was a member of the "Big Four" at Versailles.
Answer: David Lloyd George
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The distances between an arbitrary point to one of these figures sides and vertices is given by the Erdos-Mordell inequality. The relationship between the sides of one of them cut by a segment is given by Stewart's Theorem. A particular condition for collinearity in these figures is called Menelaus' Theorem, which is the dual of Ceva's Theorem. A method of finding the area of these figures is a special case of Bramagupta's formula, and relies on finding the difference between each side and the semiperimeter; this is Heron's Formula. Also containing the incenter, circumcenter, and orthocenter, FTP, name these polygons whose area can be found by the formula times b times h.
Answer: Triangle (Accept 3-gon or Trigon)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
In one story, Gingalin, a son of this figure and Floree, rescues the princess-turned-dragon Blonde Esmeree, while the queens Igraine and Clarissant attempt to trap him in the Castle of Marvels in another story. A duel is fought to win a one year truce for Yglais between the Lord of the Fens and this son of Morgause, who would later die at the hands of a brother. He refuses to partake in the execution of Guinevere as Agravain and Mordred, his brothers, attempt to destroy Lancelot, but he may be best remembered for staying with Sir Bertilak while awaiting his head being chopped off. FTP, name this Knight of the Round Table who, in a tale by the Pearl Poet, sought out the Green Knight.
Answer: Gawain
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Among the territorial possessions of this nation is a sub-Antarctic archipelago including Marion Island and Prince Edward Island. The Karoo is a large desert region in this country, whose harbors include Saldanha Bay and Richards Bay, home to the world's largest coal export center. The Drakensbergs are its highest mountains, while the Limpopo runs between Zimbabwe and this nation, which completely surrounds Lesotho. Recently, Kgalema Motlanthe became president of this nation, whose previous leaders include Thabo Mbeki, and Frederik de Klerk. The Cape of Good Hope lies at the tip of, FTP, which African nation whose capitals include Bloemfontein, Pretoria, and Cape Town?
Answer: South Africa
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
In some species, these bodies may be surrounded by segrosomes, and a convenient method of creating them is the LR/BP clonase gateway system. Some contain an addiction mechanism via the Hok/Sok factors, while another set are referred to as "col". Alkaline lysis followed by column fractionation is one method of isolating them, while they may be introduced via cesium chloride, electroporation, or heat shock. Synthetic ones often contain a polylinker region and are extracted via the miniprep, and they were originally discovered by Joshua Lederberg in his studies of conjugation. Including the F-factor and R-factor, FTP, name these short, circular, extrachromosomal segments of DNA found in bacteria.
Answer: plasmid (prompt on "vector")
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
A piccolo violin tuned a minor third higher is played in the opening section of this work, whose third section consists of two chords known as a "Phrygian cadence." One section of this work employs the valveless trumpet, while "echo flutes" play alongside the violin in another section; while this section called for a recorder, it is often replaced by a flute. The last of them notably omits violins, while the second one is arguably the most famous of these works, composed while its composer traveled to a prince's court in Berlin. Written for a German margrave, this is, FTP, which set of six instrumental pieces, written by Johann Sebastian Bach?
Answer: Brandenburg Concertos
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This man wrote about "The Epicurean," "The Stoic," and "The Platonist" in separate essays included in his Essays, Moral and Political, while his "gold-flow" theory is described in the anti-mercantilist work Political Discourses. This author of a History of England also wrote a work introducing a microscope, razor, and fork as tools of philosophical inquiry. Besides A Treatise of Human Nature, he wrote about discussions between Cleanthes, Philo, and Demea in Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, but he remains best known for a work which discusses a missing shade of blue and contains a section titled "On Miracles." FTP, name this Scottish empiricist philosopher and author of An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding.
Answer: David Hume
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Among the stories surrounding one of these persons was told in the Senate and claimed that he was originally named Mastarna, while another of them had Mettius Fufetius torn in two by chariots for refusing to help him in battle. Another of them founded the port of Ostia, while yet another formulated the religious calendar and created the office of pontifex maximus. The last of them was expelled by Lucius Junius Brutus after the rape of Lucretia, while the most famous of them warred with the Sabines. Ancus Marcius, Numa Pompilius, and Lucius Tarquinius Superbus were among, FTP, which group of rulers of a certain 700 to 500 B.C. city whose first member was Romulus?
Answer: kings of Rome [do not accept "emperors"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This artist portrayed his most famous painting on the wall in a painting with three nude figures changing, and he followed that with a work in which a trombone player stands in the light of the acetylene lamps. In addition to The Models and The Side Show, this artist portrayed his friend Charles Angrand in the first row with a silk hat in an unfinished painting based on a work of the Goncourt brothers called The Circus. A brown dog sits behind a reclining man in a brown hat, both of which are facing the river in Bathers at Asnieres, five figures of which can be found in his most famous work looking across the Seine to the title location. FTP, name this French pointillist artist who also painted a work which contains a monkey on a leash, Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte.
Answer: Georges-Pierre Seurat
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
A fisherman agreed to be this man's pilot during his search for a Heavenly-rock boat, and this man had earlier told his children about a deity who cleared a cloud-path from heaven and brought order to the world. this figure mother turned into a shark after giving birth, and he once lost a battle because he was attacking into the sun, but was later aided by a three-legged bird in defeating that same enemy. This grandson of a sea-god led a six-year expedition against a certain plain, and his palace's location is currently occupied by the "Eight cords, one roof" monument. FTP, name this great-grandson of the sea-god Ryujin and descendent of Amaterasu, the legendary first emperor of Japan.
Answer: Jimmu Tenno or Emperor Jimmu
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This athlete scored 27 points in the first quarter and 56 overall in a first round playoff encounter with the Warriors, while he had 44 points and 24 rebounds in a Game 7 against the Supersonics, which would lead to his only Finals appearance. He finished behind Magic Johnson in the MVP voting two years before being traded for Jeff Hornacek and Andrew Lang, and he led the 1992 Dream Team in scoring. This athlete won the 1993 MVP Award and led his team to the NBA Finals against Chicago as a member of the Phoenix Suns, after which a trade teamed him up with Hakeem Olajuwon and Clyde Drexler in 1996. FTP, name this Auburn graduate and Hall of Fame power forward and former Philadelphia 76er and Houston Rocket, the shortest player to lead the league in rebounding.
Answer: Charles Barkley [prompt on "The Round Mound of Rebound" or "guy who lost to Dick Bavetta in a footrace"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Hyllus is sent by Deianeira to learn about her missing husband in a work by this author, who also wrote a work whose title character fails to obtain Achilles's armor and goes insane as a result. This author of the fragmented The Tracking Satyrs and The Progeny wrote a work in which Neoptolemus convinces the title injured figure to come to Troy, as well as another which ends with Orestes and the title character carrying off Aegisthus. This author of the plays The Trachiniae and Ajax, along with Philoctetes and Electra, also wrote a set of works in which the incestuous murderer of Laius blinds himself and is exiled. FTP, name this author of the Oedipus Rex trilogy, a Greek tragedian along with Aeschylus and Euripedes.
Answer: Sophocles
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This man's work with Michael Kasha showed that phosphorescence relied on an excited triplet state, and Irving Langmuir extended one of his theories to create the concentric theory of atomic structure. He coined the term "activity" in one of his papers, and he proved that the fugacity coefficient for a component of an ideal solution is equal to the coefficient of the pure species, a rule he names with Randall. He's also famous for a theory that superseded the Bronstead-Lowry theory, and for a method of displaying atoms in terms of bonding electrons. FTP, name this American chemist, the namesake of a type of acid that accepts electrons and some dot structures.
Answer: Gilbert Norton Lewis
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This author wrote about the publicity man for the National Cocoa Corporation acting as the Custodian of the Grain in one work, while he wrote about Lazarus attracting the attention of the title university graduates in another work. In addition to Season of Anomy and The Interpreters, this author wrote about Demoke's rebirth in A Dance of the Forests, but he may be better known for writing one play about Baroka fighting with the schoolteacher, Lakunle, to marry Sidi, as well as another in which Pilkings stops Elesin, the title character, from committing suicide. The Lion and the Jewel and Death and the King's Horseman were written by, FTP, which Nigerian playwright?
Answer: Wole Soyinka
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Schick and Arguello were arguably merely figurehead rulers in this country, which was the home of Zelaya's conservative rule in the early 20th century before being overthrown by Moncada. United States Marines left during Sacasa's rule of this country, which was also the location of an anticorruption campaign by Bolanos result in the arrest of his predecessor, Jose Aleman Lacayo. The Bryan-Chamorro and Clayton-Bulwer Treaties were signed over the construction of a canal in this country, whose leaders have included Violeta Chamorro and the recently re-elected Daniel Ortega. FTP, name this Central American nation, the home of the Sandinistas and the location of the Iran contra affair, whose capital is at Managua.
Answer: Nicaragua
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Nikuni et al. created a version of these using a group of magnons in an antiferromagnet. Sweeping a magnetic field through them creates a condition in which their particles' degree of freedom couples with their reaction coordinate, creating a Feschbach resonance. Tonks and Girardeau lend their name to a two-dimensional version of this substance, whose wavefunctions are given by the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. The first one was created by Cornell and Weimann by supercooling a group of rubidium atoms, causing them to collapse into a single quantum state. FTP, name this state of matter named for two scientists, in which a group of bosons gel together.
Answer: Bose-Einstein Condensate
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
In a 1993 paper, Morris used the nuisance example to demonstrate that liability rules can be illustrated by these entities, and Katz, Scott, and Triantis have extended this concept to other contract law ideas. Lenos Trigeorgis has pioneered application of these entities to capital budgeting, which is called the analysis of the "real" type. Cox, Ross, and Rubinstein developed the binomial pricing model for these financial entities, the American type of which can be exercised at any point before expiration. Often priced by the Black-Sholes model, these are, FTP, which financial entities that gives an investor the right to participate in a future financial transaction, including the call and put varieties?
Answer: options
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One character wishes to make relics of the narrator's testicles at the end of this work, whose opening reveals that its theme is "radix malorum est cupiditas." Also mentioned early on are a suggestion to avoid the Lepe white wine bought in Cheapside and a story about King Demetrius and a pair of golden dice; this occurs before the knelling of a funeral bell can be heard. An old man directs the main characters to an oak tree, after which one character poisons two bottles of wine while his companions conspire to kill him so that they may split the eight bushels of gold they found. The death of these three Flemish friends due to their greed is told in, FTP, which instalment of the Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, whose narrator offers promises of salvation?
Answer: "The Pardoner's Tale"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
David Williamson's play Heretic is based on a controversy over this person's work. This author's collaboration with Rhoda Metraux resulted in the publication of Themes in French Culture, while a sketch of American culture was published in And Keep Your Powder Dry. This anthropologist chronicled racism in various remote societies in a collaboration with James Baldwin, while the Tchambuli and the Arapesh are among those studied in Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies. This author of Coming Up in New Guinea may be best known for a work which was criticized by Derek Freeman and discussed the promiscuity of adolescents in the namesake Pacific island. FTP, name this American anthropologist and author of Coming of Age in Samoa.
Answer: Margaret Mead
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
In writing the majority opinion for Myers v. United States, Chief Justice Taft wrote that the legislation that triggered this event was invalid. Garrett Davis argued for its delay due to lack of complete representation, while John Logan pushed for its commencement. Mention was made of similar situations during King John's time by Benjamin Butler, while Lorenzo Thomas proved unhelpful for the defense. Seven Republicans turned on their party by voting for Benjamin Curtis's party. Edmund Ross cast the deciding vote, and, after nearly twenty years after Justice Chase's decision, the Tenure of Office Act was repealed. FTP, name this event which eventually saw the acquittal of the 17th president for attempting to replace Secretary of War Edwin Stanton.
Answer: impeachment of Andrew Johnson [prompt on partial answer]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The third movement of this work inspired Sinfonia by Luciano Berio, and the score calls for the unusual inclusion of two tam-tams, which are stricken alternately and repeatedly in the last movement. One movement of this work states "O believe, you were not born for nothing!" while the fourth movement is titled "Primeval Light." The first movement was derived from a symphonic poem called Totenfeier. The final movement is based on a poem by Klopstock, while the fourth has text taken from Des Knaben Wunderhorn, which also influenced the composer's next two symphonies. FTP, identify this symphony by Gustav Mahler which followed the "Titan" and is often called "Resurrection".
Answer: Symphony No. 2 in C minor by Gustav Mahler (accept variations or simply Mahler 2; "Mahler" not required once mentioned; accept Ressurection or Auferstehung before mentioned).
 
2008 EFT Bonuses by Jang 3
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Microsoft's .NET framework uses a "Just-in Time" one. FTPE:,
[10] Name these programs which translate source code into machine code, commonly found in high-level computer languages.
Answer: compiler
[10] Most compilers implement this feature, which automatically reclaims memory from objects that will never be accessed by a program again.
Answer: garbage collection (accept word forms)
[10] Modern compilers are often written in the language that they compile The task of writing a compiler in the language to be compiled is called this, and it is often done in operating system design.
Answer: bootstrapping
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
It features the lines, "Here, with a Loaf of Bread beneath the Bough, / A flask of wine, a book of verse-and thou / Beside me singing in the Wilderness," while its namesake stanza rhymed on each of the four lines except the third. FTPE:,
[10] Name this work which opens with the line, "Awake! For morning in the Bowl of Night" and was written by Omar Khayyam.
Answer: Rubaiyat
[10] Dante Gabriel Rosetti made famous the translation of the Rubaiyat of this English poet, whose other works include Polonius and the Platonic dialogue Euphranor.
Answer: Edward FitzGerald
[10] FitzGerald also published a translation of Six Dramas of this Spanish dramatist, whose works include The Devotion of the Cross, Life is a Dream, and The Mayor of Zalamea.
Answer: Pedro Calderon de la Barca
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Identify the following Aztec deities, FTPE:,
[10] This creator god and god of the sky was exiled by Tezcatlipoca and made his exit on a raft of snakes. This alleged discoverer of corn is often known as the "Feathered Serpent."
Answer: Quetzalcoatl
[10] This god emerged fully armed from his mother Coatlicue, who had been impregnated by a magic ball of feathers. He's got hummingbird feathers.
Answer: Huitzilopochtli
[10] Accompanying the deceased on their roadtrip to Mictlan was this god of lightning and death. Depicted as a skeleton or a man with a dog's head, he was also the patron of the ballgame.
Answer: Xolotl
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Name these battles in the Wars of the Roses, FTPE:,
[10] The final battle of the conflict, this engagement saw the demise of the House of York and Richard III, who was the last king of England to die in battle, at the hands of Henry Tudor.
Answer: Battle of Bosworth Field
[10] Preceded a month earlier by the Battle of Barnet, this 1471 battle saw Margaret of Anjou defeated by King Edward IV. Among those who died included Edward of Westminster and the imprisoned King Henry VI.
Answer: Battle of Tewkesbury
[10] This 1461 battle, the bloodiest of the conflict, saw Edward IV lead the Yorkists to victory over Henry Beaufort. The snow and the wind allowed the Yorkists to defeat the better positioned Lancastrians, after which Margaret fled to Scotland.
Answer: Battle of Towton
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
A man with a knife is slashing the throat of a nude woman in the foreground of this painting, which was based on a work by Lord Byron. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1827 painting features a black slave pulling a white horse on its left while its title Oriental king lies unconscious with his mistress on the bed.
Answer: The Death of Sardanapalus or La Mort de Sardanapale
[10] The man in the top hat in this painting may be the artist himself, while the boy holding two pistols is said to be the inspiration for a character in Les Miserables. This painting also features a woman holding a tricolor flag.
Answer: Liberty Leading the People or La Liberte guidant le peuple
[10] Both Liberty Leading the People and Death of Sardanapalus were painted by this French painter, whose other works include The Entry of the Crusaders in Constantinople and The Women of Algiers.
Answer: Eugene Delacroix
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
A very oblivious Yahoo user was quite unaware of the relative location of this conflict in 2008. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Eastern European country which came under attack from Russia in August. Much to the confusion of the aforementioned Yahoo user, it also bears the name of a U.S. state.
Answer: Georgia
[10] The conflict in Georgia stems from the independence movement of this region, along with Abkhazia and Transnistria. Its capital is at Tshkinvali.
Answer: South Ossetia [prompt on "Ossetia"]
[10] This man succeeded Chibirov as the current president of South Ossetia. On September 11, 2008, he claimed that South Ossetia sought to join its northern counterpart in Russia.
Answer: Eduard Kokoity
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Identify the following short stories by Edgar Allen Poe, FTPE:,
[10] The narrator escapes from the title structure as the title event occurs after the buried-alive Madeleine runs to her brother Roderick in this short story.
Answer: "The Fall of the House of Usher"
[10] Prince Prospero chases the title figure through the seven chambers of his ballroom at his ball in this story, which ends with the title figure holding "illimitable dominion over all."
Answer: "The Masque of Red Death"
[10] While Lady Rowena Trevanion falls ill with a fever, she eventually transforms into the title character, the first wife of the narrator, in this short story.
Answer: "Ligeia"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One method of deriving this equation relies on the collapse of several terms of the Butler-Volmer equation in the low overpotential range. FTPE:,
[10] Name this equation in electrochemistry that is used to find the reduction potential of a cell, given the concentrations of the ions involved.
Answer: Nernst Equation
[10] Nernst also formulated a version of this statement, sometimes called his namesake "heat theorem". In short, it states that the entropy of a pure substance approaches zero at absolute zero.
Answer: Third Law of Thermodynamics
[10] One variation of the Nernst Equation is this version, which takes into account the variable permeability of multiple ions in a membrane.
Answer: Goldman-Hodgkins-Katz Equation
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Texts within this work include those by Samuel M. Johnson, who played the Judge in its two Trial scenes, the second of which features a section titled, "Prematurely Air-Conditioned Supermarket." FTPE:,
[10] Name this opera which also contains some poems by Christopher Knowles, as well as five knee-plays.
Answer: Einstein on the Beach
[10] Einstein on the Beach is among the operatic works of this composer, whose other works include Akhnaten, Satyagraha, 1000 Airplanes on the Roof, and the CIVIL warS.
Answer: Philip Glass
[10] Philip Glass's Sixth Symphony takes its title as an "ode" from this location based on an Allen Ginsberg poem of the same name. Colin Matthews composed a work with this name, subtitled "The Renewer."
Answer: Pluto
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Answer the following about the following about the 1960 presidential election, FTPE:,
[10] In the election, John F. Kennedy defeated this vice president under Eisenhower. This former California senator would eventually become president himself by appealing to the "Silent Majority" with Spiro Agnew as his running mate.
Answer: Richard Nixon
[10] Harry Byrd received fifteen electoral votes, and, while Strom Thurmond received most of his VP votes, this Arizona senator received a vote from Henry Irwin. He would gain more fame as the Republican candidate in 1964.
Answer: Barry Morris Goldwater
[10] Running on the National States' Rights party ticket was this six-term Democratic Arkansas governor, perhaps best known for ordering the National Guard to prevent African-American students from entering Little Rock Central.
Answer: Orval Faubus
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Its author stated that a person's inability to "moderate and restrain the affects" is a kind of "sickness of the mind" in the section "On Human Bondage, or the Powers of the Affects." FTPE:,
[10] Name this work, published posthumously 1677, which argued against the mind-body dualism of Descartes while written in a "geometrical order."
Answer: Ethics
[10] Ethics was written by this Dutch philosopher, who defended a secular government in Tractatus Theologico-Politicus and had his Treatise on the Improvement of Understanding and Hebrew Grammar published posthumously.
Answer: Baruch Spinoza
[10] This German philosopher wrote a work that detailed the history of philosophy between Bacon and Spinoza. His other works include Principles of the Philosophy of the Future and The Essence of Christianity.
Answer: Ludwig Andreas von Feuerbach
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Mooney-Rivlin solids are an exception to this law, which can be derived in three dimensions by using the Poisson Ratio and Lame constants. FTPE:,
[10] Name this relation which governs springs, and states that the restoring force is directly proportional to the displacement.
Answer: Hooke's Law
[10] The generalization of Hooke's Law relies on this quantity, which measures the stiffness of an isotropic material. It is the slope of the stress-strain graph for a material.
Answer: Young's Modulus
[10] Another form of Hooke's law is this tensor gives the relationship between a point force and the resulting displacement field. Its namesake also proved a theorem that gives the relationship between the line integral around a region and a double integral over that same region
Answer: Green's Tensor
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Among the discussion that take place early on in this play are the meaning of the phrase "light the kettle" and a newspaper article about a child who kills a cat. FTPE:,
[10] Name this play in which orders are brought down by the title device, including the one which Ben receives to kill Gus.
Answer: The Dumb Waiter
[10] The Dumb Waiter was written by this British playwright, who also wrote about the affair between Emma, Robert, and Jerry in Betrayal and about Goldberg and McCann taking Stanley away in The Birthday Party.
Answer: Harold Pinter
[10] Aston serves as the title character as he provides Davies with money and a place to stay until he gets himself "sorted out" in this play. It also features Aston's younger brother, Mick.
Answer: The Caretaker
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Among his antics include his schemes to transport recyclable bottles to Michigan and starting a rickshaw transportation business, while his millennium party is reserved a year too late and is "thus, quite lame." FTPE:,
[10] Name this fictional character who claims that ZIP codes are meaningless and that he took over the postal route of David Berkowitz.
Answer: Newman
[10] Newman is the sworn enemy of this fictional character, a super-clean fan of Superman. Along with best friend George Constanza, he was a writer of a pilot named after the show, which applies to the name of the actual show as well.
Answer: Jerry Seinfeld
[10] Newman is caught alone with this former restaurant matron, who happens to be Kramer's mother. She was the one who revealed Kramer's name to be Cosmo.
Answer: Babs Kramer
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
He proposed his "hierarchy of needs" in Motivation and Personality, while his posthumous works were collected in The Farther Reaches of Human Nature. FTPE:,
[10] Name this American psychologist, the author of Towards a Psychology of Being and the major proponent of self-actualization.
Answer: Abraham Maslow
[10] This man helped Maslow found the Association for Humanistic Psychology. He is better known for proposing therapist congruence and empathic understanding as two of six conditions for his client-centered therapy.
Answer: Carl Rogers
[10] Maslow was partly influenced by this neuropsychologist, who influenced the development of Gestalt therapy and created a holistic theory of the organism in his work The Organism.
Answer: Kurt Goldstein
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Among the events that occurred during his rule were a 1997 massacre at Deir el-Bahri, as well as engaging in a New Valley canal project in the same year. FTPE:,
[10] Name this ruler who helped mediate the 1993 agreement between Israel and the PLO and reaffirmed the Camp David Accords after the assassination of his predecessor.
Answer: Hosni Mubarak
[10] Mubarak is the president of this Middle Eastern nation, whose previous leaders have included Muhammad Naguib, Gamel Abdel Nasser, and Anwar Sadat.
Answer: Egypt
[10] In 2005, this leader of the El Ghad party was imprisoned by Mubarak's government for alleged forgery. He engaged in a two-day hunger strike before his trial, and his wife, Gamila Ismail, has been campaigning for him.
Answer: Ayman Nour
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Answer the following about a pillar of Islam, FTPE:,
[10] Nafl is the optional type of this second pillar, which refers to the prayer performed five times daily.
Answer: salat or salah
[10] Those performing salat must be facing qibla as this is the direction of this sacred site for Muslims in Mecca.
Answer: Kaaba
[10] This term refers to a single unit of Islamic prayer, including the movements and words involved. Fajr, or the dawn prayer, features only two of these, which involve ritual cleansing and bowing low with hands on knees, which are called "wudu" and "ruku," respectively.
Answer: raka'ah
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Answer some questions about cellular energetics, FTPE:,
[10] Both the Krebs Cycle and electron transport chain occur in this organelle, which is double-membraned and contains an inner matrix surrounded by cristae.
Answer: mitochondria
[10] The mitochondria is also responsible for synthesizing this organic acid whose phospho-form has a higher energy than ATP. It is often used in muscle for an extra energy boost.
Answer: creatine
[10] One amino acid important in the synthesis of creatine is this thiol-containing compound, which is capable of linking to itself in disulfide bridges.
Answer: cysteine or Cys or C
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Preceded by the Parnassian movement, it was supported by Jules Laforgue and saw its continuation by Moreas and Regnier. FTPE:,
[10] Name this poetic movement which sought to describe thoughts and feelings, the most famous practitioner of which was Charles Baudelaire.
Answer: symbolism
[10] Benjamin Britten composed a song cycle titled Illuminations, which was originally written by this French poet and influence on the Symbolists. Among his other works are A Season in Hell and The Drunken Boat.
Answer: Arthur Rimbaud
[10] This Symbolist author wrote An Evening with Mr. Teste, The Graveyard by the Sea, and La Jeune Parque, which was his first work.
Answer: Paul Valery
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
He was victorious at the Battle of Sakarya, and he headed the Republican People's Party in his own nation. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Turkish leader who began "Westernization" during his time as the first ruler of modern Turkey.
Answer: Kemal Ataturk
[10] Ataturk led Turkey in a war of independence against this nation between 1919 and 1922. It received the Bulgarian coast on the Aegean Sea from the Treaty of Sevres after WWI, and it is currently led by Karolos Papoulias.
Answer: Greece
[10] Ataturk was succeeded by this former general as the second president of Turkey. He had served as Ataturk's chief of staff during the Balkan Wars, and he met with FDR and Chuchill at the Second Cairo Conference during his reign.
Answer: Ismet Inonu

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Warning: Unknown: Failed to write session data (files). Please verify that the current setting of session.save_path is correct () in Unknown on line 0