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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 EFT Tossups by Jang 1
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
In Edgar Lee Masters's Spoon River Anthology, a character with this first name overdoses on morphine, having married a sixty-five year old man to provide a father for her unborn child. Another character of this name is the beloved of Proteus in Two Gentlemen of Verona, and Childe Harold arrives in Germany and finds true love in a character of this name. The eighteen-year-old news director of Radio Panamerica falls in love with a woman of this name, while yet another character with this name is a member of the Anti-Sex League and elopes with her lover in Mr. Charrington's antique shop. FTP, give this name which is paired with the Scriptwriter in a Mario Vargas Llosa novel and names Winston Smith's lover in 1984.
Answer: Julia
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The views of E. O. Wilson and this man are argued against in a 2004 paper by J. E. R. Staddon, who had earlier criticized his views in a work subtitled, "Mind, Mechanism, and Society." His views of education were expressed in The Technology of Teaching, and Noam Chomsky criticized one of this man's works, which discusses the notion of the "mand". With regards to delivering food, he experimented with superstition in pigeons, while this author of Verbal Behavior wrote about a planned economy in a fictional utopian society in the 1940s, Walden Two. FTP, name this proponent of operant conditioning American behavioral psychologist, the author of Beyond Freedom and Dignity and inventor of a namesake box.
Answer: B. F. Skinner
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
In one scene, he asks another character for a Baby Ruth, since "that's how Chunk got over with Sloth in The Goonies," and this character, uses a Nokia 770 Internet Tablet to speak to a character who had convinced him to put an AIDS-ridden monkey in Andy Rosenberg's room. The fact that he likes handjobs makes this character a "hypocriticizer," which takes place before his recitation of "The Square Root of Three" at the wedding of Colton and Vanessa. This medical school applicant makes it to Amsterdam to find Maria, the love of his friend. Escaping from Guantanamo Bay after going to White Castle, this is, FTP, which Kal Penn-played character portrayed with his friend Harold?
Answer: Kumar Patel [prompt on "Patel"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Reforms led by this leader include abolishing tax exemptions for large landowners, planned by Count Haugwitz, and the mandating of autopsies thanks to Gerard van Swieten. Maximilien Joseph signed the Treaty of Fussen with this ruler, while this ruler's son demanded that the Dutch open the Scheldt, resulting in a mediation by the french at a Treaty of Versailles. Wenzel Kaunitz accepted Zator and Auschwitz in the first partition of Poland as the advisor of this ruler. This ruler's power had been defended during the Seven Years' War, while the War of the Austrian Succession had been fought over her ascension to the throne. FTP, name this archduchess who had came into power during the Pragmatic Sanction.
Answer: Maria Theresa
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One method of measuring this quantity was modified by both Ramay and Shields and Guggenheim and Katayama, and contains a V to the 2/3 term and is used to relate this quantity to temperature. In addition to the Eotvos's rule, the Tolman length measures the deviation from its planar value. The Marangoni effect is where a difference in this quantity causes the transfer of mass, and Laplace's Law states the inverse relationship between this value and alveolar radius. Often measured in dynes per centimeter, its effect is lowered by surfactants, and it is responsible for "tears of wine" and the ability of water striders to walk on water. FTP, name this tendency of a liquid to minimize its exposed area, causing capillary action.
Answer: surface tension
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
A type of instability when a light fluid supports a heavy fluid against gravity is named after Taylor and this man, who is also the namesake of a value governing stability of flow between concentric spinning cylinders. He is also the namesake of the product of the Grashof and Prandtl numbers. Waves associated with the surface of the earth are named for Lamb and this man, and he lends his name to a value that governs diffraction, his namesake criterion. He had his work concerning electromagnetic blackbody radiation corrected by Planck. That law bears the name of James Jeans and, FTP, which English physicist whose namesake scattering is responsible for the color of the sky?
Answer: John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One commander in this battle kept back his third infantry line to prevent his center from being pinned, having seen the results of his enemy's victory at Ilipa. One side placed his troops in three lines, with his hastati in front of his principes and triarii, instead of the normal checkerboard fashion. The cavalry under Syphax were on the left flank of one commander, who had been ordered home after a loss at Utica. Preceded by a battle at the Great Plains, this battle resulted in a decisive Roman victory over the numerous forces and elephants of the Carthaginians. FTP, name this 202 B.C. battle which ended the Second Punic War as Scipio Africanus defeated Hannibal.
Answer: Battle of Zama
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One character in this play advises another to walk up to women and say, "If you got the harbor, I got the ship" after selling him a "magic" suit made of silk. That character, Wining Boy, tells about the passing of Cleotha Holman to the father of a character who had arrived at the beginning of the play with ten dollars worth of old Pitterford's watermelons. After seeing his niece Maretha, that character tries to convince his sister to marry the preacher Avery, but it is his plan with Lymon which sets off the ghost of Old Sutter in Doaker's home. However, Berneice prevents the death of Boy Willie by playing the title instrument, which isn't sold for land, at the end of, FTP, which August Wilson play?
Answer: The Piano Lesson
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Karl Popper wrote that reason is the only alternative to violence in a work titled this concept "and Violence," while various forms of the title mentality were described in a work by Karl Mannheim about "Ideology" and this idea. James Harington argued for land distribution in describing one of these entities, and Etienne Cabet's work about the travels of Lord William Carisdall was about one. Charles Fourier developed the phalanstere, which was one of these, while Peter Giles hears about the city of Amaurote from the traveler Raphael Hythloday in a work describing one. FTP, name these idealized societies, the namesake of a 1516 novel by Thomas More.
Answer: utopias
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Priscilla Brewer has published a historical analysis of this group, which may have been based off of the camisards from the Cevennes Mountains. Richard McNemar wrote The Kentucky Revival as a defense of this group, whose leaders included James Wardley and Lucy Wright. Having been established at Mount Lebanon, New York, most of its remaining members currently make their home at Sabbathday Lake. A famous song written by them is called "Simple Gifts," and among their innovations are the washing machine and flat broom. Also called United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, this is, FTP, which religious movement, led by Mother Ann Lee, so named because of their trembling, shouting, and dancing?
Answer: Shakers [accept United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing before mention]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One of these items, which resides in the Galleria dell'Academia, is dubbed the "Palestrina" one and is the most dubious in terms of authenticity. The Castella Sforzesco is the home of the "Rondanini" one, which features an arm dangling at its side as it was unfinished, while Nicodemus or Joseph of Arimathea may be one of the four figures in the one found in Florence. The most famous one of these had its sculptor's signature etched onto a sash after a remark that it was the work of Cristoforo Solari; it is housed in St. Peter's Basilica. FTP, name these sculptures depicting Mary holding Jesus after the Crucifixion, created by the sculptor of a 16th century marble David.
Answer: Pietas by Michelangelo [prompt on partial answer]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
In the preface of this work, its protagonist states that his fascination with an araucaria plant is due to its expression of middle-class cleanliness. Its protagonist is told to go to the Black Eagle during a funeral procession, after which he is prevented from committing suicide on his fiftieth birthday by a character that reminds him of Rosa Kreisler. That character encourages him to meet Maria and a jazz musician, who invites the protagonist into his "magic theatre." While each door leads to a different world, the protagonist finds Pablo with Hermine, whom he stabs with a knife. The half-animal instincts of Harry Haller are detailed in, FTP, which novel by Herman Hesse?
Answer: Steppenwolf
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The composer of the song "The Crabs" once saved the life of this ruler, whose name is borne on a law abolishing of immunities of the clergy; this ruler had helped it pass before becoming the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. He defeated a coup by leading the Rebels in the War of the Reform, causing this man to succeed Comonfort, and he went on to annul his country's foreign debts, leading to the Battle of Puebla. A key figure in drafting the Plan of Ayutla, he put down several insurrections by Porfirio Diaz prior to his death in 1872. FTP, name this Mexican leader who opposed French rule under Maximilian.
Answer: Benito Juarez
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This mythological figure gave away Ahalya after a competition to go around the three worlds, while some stories say that this figure gave birth to Rudra from the forehead and Daksha from the thumb. Other stories involving this deity include one involving the beautiful woman Shatarupa and being cursed for performing a sacrifice with the milkmaid Gayatri. Often accompanied by a swan, he has the bow Parivita is often seen with a rosary of beads. The husband of Savitri, he was born from a golden egg or a lotus flower. The consort of Saraswati, FTP, name this Hindu creator god who bears four heads and four arms and forms the Trimurti with Vishnu and Shiva.
Answer: Brahma
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Antonio Canova created a marble pyramid as a mausoleum in the Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari for this artist. Palma the Younger completed his last painting, which features a self portrait with his son Orazio and is called his Pieta, while the title character is holding onto a bull's horns in his Rape of Europa. He depicted Laura Bagarotto sitting on a coffin next to Venus in a work painted for the wedding of Niccolo Aurelio, his Sacred and Profane Love, but this painter of Bacchus and Ariadne may be better remembered for a painting in which the two servants are searching in a chest in the background while title figure reclines nude in front of a green curtain. FTP, name this Italian painter of Venus of Urbino.
Answer: Titian [accept Tiziano Vecellio]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One person managed to prove the Snark theorem while working on this problem, and one generalization is stated in terms of edge contractions and is named for Hadwiger. Robertson, Sanders, and Seymour improved on the original proof of this problem, while Ringel and Youngs proved a generalized version which relies on the floor function of an expression involving the genus of the surface. Its proof used the method of discharging and defined unavoidable sets and reducible configurations, and it is sometimes called Guthrie's problem. It is a specific case of the Heawood conjecture and was proved by Appel and Hankin using a computer. FTP, name this theorem that gives the number of shades needed to draw a map.
Answer: Four color theorem
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The nonuniformity of their response is known as the Stiles-Crawford effect, while Young and Helmholtz developed a theory accounting for their existence. George Wald provided proof of Ragnar Granit's theory of the different types of these entities, which generally make connections to horizontal cells. They may have principal and accessory members when occurring as two contiguous cells in birds, and there are S, M, and L types of them. The subject of the opponent-process theory, each type contains different photopsins, but all of them are attached to the outer membrane and are concentrated in the fovea. FTP, name these photoreceptor cells in the retina which allow for color perception and are often paired with rods.
Answer: cones
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
A letter signed "Belisarius" detailed problems encountered by one side of this incident. Preceded by meetings at Hatfield, it resulted in the removal of judge William Whiting and state representative Moses Harvey. It ended with a defeat at Petersham, after which its leader fled to Vermont, as Governor James Bowdoin fielded an army led by Benjamin Lincoln and William Shepard. The Regulators had hoped to force the adjourning of the Springfield Supreme Court as they opposed the taxes they had to pay in the aftermath of the American Revolution. FTP, name this 1786-1877 rebellion of debtors against the imposition of taxes in Massachusetts.
Answer: Shays' Rebellion
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Drum rolls occur during the entrance of the strings following a brief violin solo near the end of this work, while the main instrument enters for the first time near the beginning, following a theme played by a muted trumpet. This is followed by the first entrance of the whole orchestra, then a cymbal crash, after which the solo instrument has its first extended solo in this work, which opens and ends in B-flat. Orchestrated by Ferde Grofe and written on behalf of Paul Whiteman, it was conceived by its composer on a train ride to Boston. A clarinet glissando over a seventeen-note diatonic scale opens, FTP, which work for solo piano and jazz band written by George Gershwin?
Answer: Rhapsody in Blue
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
At the end of Nathanael West's The Day of the Locust, Tod Hackett sees a sign quoting the first sentence of this poem near the Persian Palace Theatre. "Huge fragments vaulted like rebounding hail" from a "mighty fountain" in this poem, which opens by describing "twenty five miles of fertile ground." The narrator advises that "all should cry, `Beware, Beware!'" as they see the title character's "His flashing eyes, his floating hair," while its narrator recalls hearing "a damsel with a dulcimer?singing of Mount Abora" as well. Allegedly interrupted by a visitor from Porlock, this is, FTP, which poem, whose title character did "a stately pleasure-dome decree" in Xanadu, written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge?
Answer: "Kubla Khan"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
In this war, defeat at Koivisto forced one side to retreat back to Vipurii. The effectiveness of motti, or encirclement, tactics was proven in this conflict at the Raatteentie Incident, and Hjalmar Siilasuvo emerged victorious in the larger battle of Suomussalmi. The invading side was expelled from the League of Nations as a result, and a major goal of the war was to cut off Germany's supply of iron ore. The invaders managed to take part ofthe Karelia Isthmus and the later Continuation War would mark an end to the interim peace guaranteed by the Moscow Peace Treaty. The Mannerheim Line was destroyed following the end of, FTP, what conflict during World War II between Finland and the Soviet Union?
Answer: The Winter War
2008 EFT Bonuses by Jang 1
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Answer the following about the physiology of the camel, FTPE:,
[10] Unlike those of other mammals, these types of cells in camels are oval-shaped so that they flow better when dehydrated. They are anucleate and help carry out oxygen exchange between the lungs and body tissues.
Answer: erythrocytes or red blood cells
[10] Studies on the camel's ability to produce concentrated urine were based on the thickness of the renal medulla since it has a direct relationship with the length of this portion of the nephron responsible for reabsorbing the urine's water and ions.
Answer: loop of Henle
[10] When dehydrated, camels have shown a decrease in both vasopressin and this plasma enzyme, which is responsible for regulating blood pressure as it stimulates the production of angiotensin.
Answer: renin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The Rua Tonelero was the site of an assassination attempt on the life of Carlos Lacerda, the main rival of this man, who committed suicide shortly thereafter. FTPE:,
[10] Name this leader who served as Secretary of the Treasury under Washington Luis and as Governor of Rio Grande do Sul before becoming president of his nation in 1930.
Answer: Getulio Vargas
[10] Getulio Vargas served as president of this South American nation, whose first emperor was Pedro I. Home to a military coup in 1964, it declared independence from Portugal in 1822 and is currently led by Inacio Lula da Silva.
Answer: Brazil
[10] Vargas led the government of this name during his reign, encouraging agricultural and industrial development. It was modeled after the plan in Portugal, developed after Salazar took power in 1933.
Answer: Estado Novo
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
One character tells the story about his grandfather's horse, which always walked in circles, while Bartell D'Arcy sings a song at a party held by the Morkans in this work. FTPE:,
[10] Gretta Conroy recalls Michael Furey, her former lover, while her husband, Gabriel, has an epiphany at the end of which short story?
Answer: "The Dead"
[10] "The Dead," along with "Eveline," "Araby," and "Ivy Day in the Committee Room," appear in this short story collection by James Joyce, whose title comes from the town in which he lived.
Answer: Dubliners
[10] This second story of Dubliners sees the narrator and his friend Mahony, using the names Smith and Murphy, fleeing from an old man who talks about whipping misbehaving boys during their day of truancy.
Answer: "An Encounter"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Identify the following regarding spelling, FTPE:,
[10] While visiting the Munoz Rivera School in Trenton, Dan Quayle got schooled by sixth-grader William Figueroa, who knew not to add an "e" at the end of this sumptuous word.
Answer: potato
[10] Sameer Mishra, this year's National Spelling Bee winner, initially mispronounced this word, which is a felt or sheepskin pad placed between a horse's back and the saddle. He eventually spelled it right, though.
Answer: numnah [do not accept "numnuts"]
[10] This "poker brat" holds the record with 11 World Series of Poker bracelets. Becoming the youngest Main Event winner when he won in 1989, he once accused Jim Pitman of not even being able to spell poker after being bad beat by Pitman's King Jack.
Answer: Phil Hellmuth, Jr.
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
He co-wrote Fundamentals of Language with Morris Halle , while he extended Buhler's organon model to include six "constitutive factors of verbal communication." FTPE:,
[10] Name this Russian formalist who coined the term "structural linguistics."
Answer: Roman Jakobson
[10] Jakobson was a member of this group of linguists, established in the 1920s in its namesake city. Stressing the importance of language elements and their contrasts, it included Mathesius and Trubetzkoy as its members.
Answer: Prague School
[10] Jakobson helped build on structuralism, a theory first used in linguistics by this Swiss scientist. He is best remembered for developing a theory of semiotics in his Course in General Linguistics.
Answer: Ferdinand de Saussure
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The Stark effect describes spectral lines of molecules that shift and split while in this kind of field, while they are shielded from in plasmas in charge carriers over the Debye length. FTPE:,
[10] Name this vector field which describes the space surrounding charged objects.
Answer: electric field
[10] Coulomb's Law, which determines the magnitude of the electric field between two charged objects, is a special case of this law, one of Maxwell's equations. Its namesake also is credited with an analogous law of magnetism.
Answer: Gauss's Law
[10] This tool can be used to calculate the distribution of a charge's electric field when it lies near a conducting surface. It involves replacing the surfaces with imaginary charges.
Answer: method of images
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Answer the following concerning the illustrious career of Brown graduate Charles Evan Hughes, FTPE:,
[10] Hughes was narrowly defeated as a Republican presidential nominee by the re-election bid of this president, whose slogan was, "He Kept Us Out of War!"… but the U.S. joined World War I about a month after his next term.
Answer: Woodrow Wilson
[10] As Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Hughes wrote the majority opinion in this 1935 case, which ruled that the National Industrial Recovery Act's regulations of a poultry corporation were unconstitutional.
Answer: Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States
[10] Charles Evan Hughes was replaced as Secretary of State by this Minnesotan politician, who helped settle the Tacna-Arica dispute and is one of the namesakes of a 1928 pact that renounced war.
Answer: Frank Kellogg
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Identify the following about what your country's Federal Reserve may or may not do to help the economy, FTPE:,
[10] While the United States does not explicitly target it, both the Eurozone and the United Kingdom target this economic idea, which can be adjusted using the Taylor rule. It measures the rise of the level of prices over time.
Answer: inflation
[10] The Fed can influence the supply of money by changing this interest rate, which is the rate at which banks can lend to each other from balances kept at the Federal Reserve. This is different from the discount rate.
Answer: federal funds rate
[10] However, the Fed is powerless in this type of situation, when a near-zero nominal interest rate prevents normal open market operations from influencing the economy. Many believe this occurred in Japan in the 1990s.
Answer: liquidity trap
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The death of the mate of "the he-bird, / The solitary guest from Alabama," is described in the middle of this poem, and it ends with the sea whispering "that strong and delicious word… the word of the sweetest song." FTPE:,
[10] Name this poem which opens "on the sands of Paumanok's shore" and discusses remembrance of one's childhood.
Answer: "Out of the Cradle, Endlessly Rocking"
[10] Referring to Abraham Lincoln as the "great star," this poem refers to death as a "Dark Mother" in the death carol sung by a solitary thrush, during which the narrator sees "battle-corpses" and "debris of all the slain soldiers."
Answer: "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd"
[10] Both "Out of the Cradle, Endlessly Rocking" and "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd" are poems in this Walt Whitman collection, whose other poems include "I Sing the Body Electric" and "Song of Myself."
Answer: Leaves of Grass
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Valzacchi and Annina try to sell the Princess scandal sheets after the title character flees, having pretended to be the chambermaid Mariandel and was thus purposed by Baron Ochs. FTPE:,
[10] Name this opera in which the title character, Octavian, brings a symbol of love to Sophie and falls in love with her, much to the chagrin of the Marschallin.
Answer: Der Rosenkavelier or The Knight of the Rose
[10] Der Rosenkavalier is an opera composed by this composer, whose other works include the operas Ariadne on Naxos and Salome, as well as the tone poems Don Juan and Also Sprach Zarathustra.
Answer: Richard Strauss
[10] The horn and clarinet represent the title German trickster in this other Strauss tone poem, during which pizzicato in the strings represent his hanging, but he still gets the last laugh as his theme returns by the work's end.
Answer: Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
He learns about the feminine forms of chicken and basin from one character, while a student describes to him how one character melted down some wax to determine how many lengths of its own feet a flea could jump. FTPE:,
[10] Name this fictional character who engages in arson after being beaten by his son and his new-fangled sophistry.
Answer: Strepsiades
[10] Strepsiades appears in this play, in which Pheidippides gives up his love of horse racing to enroll in Socrates's Thinkery.
Answer: The Clouds
[10] The Clouds, along with Lysistrata and The Wasps, was written by this Greek dramatist.
Answer: Aristophanes
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Identify the following about David Ricardo's worst nightmare--the Corn Laws, FTPE:,
[10] The Corn Laws began to be repealed with the onset of this event, which lasted from 1845 to around 1850 and had its effects worsened by the Gregory clause. Many then emigrated from the Emerald Isle to countries like the U.S.
Answer: Irish potato famine [prompt on "Great Famine"]
[10] Opponents of the corn laws attempted to find common ground with this movement, which in 1838 presented a bill to parliament that was drafted by William Lovett and contained six demands, including equal electoral districts and universal male suffrage.
Answer: chartism
[10] Lord Liverpool's passing of the Corn Laws may have led to this 1819 event in Manchester, which led to the passing of the Six Acts. A cavalry broke up the peaceful crowd under Henry Hunt, hoping for the repealing of the Corn Laws.
Answer: Peterloo Massacre
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
While it was originally proposed by Edgeworth, its existence was independently proposed by Fred Whipple and Al Cameron, while "classical" objects contained in it that aren't attracted into resonances with Neptune are called "cubewanos." FTPE:,
[10] Name this disk-shaped region about 30 to 50 astronomical units from the Sun, currently believed to be the source of short period comets.
Answer: Edgeworth-Kuiper Belt
[10] Considered a member of the Kuiper Belt is this celestial body that occasionally comes closer to the Sun than Neptune does. It's now a dwarf planet, and it's not Makemake [MAH-kay MAH-kay].
Answer: Pluto
[10] This class of minor planets come from the Kuiper Belt. Pholus and Nessus are among those with orbits of high eccentricity, while Charles Kowal discovered its first member, Chiron.
Answer: Centaurs
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The oboe and clarinet enter, as does the cello after the return of the opening theme, while the flute opens this work by evoking the opening lines of the poem on which it is based. FTPE:,
[10] Name this work, based on a poem by Stephane Mallarme, whose title character awakens and wonders whether he was actually visited by three nymphs.
Answer: Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun or Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune
[10] Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun was composed by this French composer, whose other works include his Children's Corner Suite and three Nocturnes.
Answer: Claude Debussy
[10] Debussy wrote this four movement piano suite, whose third movement is based on a poem of the same name by Paul Verlaine. It opens with a prelude and ends with the "Passepied."
Answer: Suite Bergamasque
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Ereshkigal sprinkles the water of life on this deity, who had articles of clothing taken from her as she descended into the underworld. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Babylonian goddess of fertility who asked Anu for the Bull of Heaven and sent it after a man who refused her love.
Answer: Ishtar
[10] This fifth king of Uruk had refused Ishtar's hand in marriage in a story recounted in his namesake epic. He turned really unhappy with the death of his friend, Enkidu, who had torn off the leg of the Bull of Heaven.
Answer: Gilgamesh
[10] Ishtar had gone to the underworld to rescue this god of food and harvest, whom she had loved.
Answer: Tammuz or Dumuzi
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
The protagonist falls into the Slough of Despond after meeting Pliant and Obstinate, but Help comes and helps him continue towards the Wicket Gate. FTPE:,
[10] Name this work in which Christian meets Sloth, Presumption, and Hypocrisy, among others, on his way through the Valley of Humiliation and Vanity Fair before making it to Heaven.
Answer: Pilgrim's Progress
[10] Pilgrim's Progress was written by this 17th century preacher and author of Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners.
Answer: John Bunyan
[10] This Hawthorne short story is based on Pilgrim's Progress. In it, Mr. Smooth-it-away goes to a city with the narrator in one of the latter's dreams.
Answer: "The Celestial Railroad"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
He put down mutinies after the Second Battle of the Aisne, succeeding Nivelle before becoming minister of war and eventually secretary of state. FTPE:,
[10] Name this man who succeeded Paul Reynaud as premier but eventually lived out his life imprisoned on Ile d'Yeu.
Answer: Henri Philippe Petain
[10] Petain signed an armistice with Germany and thus ruled France under occupied German rule from this city, serving as the de facto capital until 1944.
Answer: Vichy
[10] In 1942, Petain was replaced in power by this French prime minister, who was executed by firing squad after the war. He was also the namesake of a proposal to end the Italo-Ethiopian War, along with Samuel Hoare.
Answer: Pierre Laval
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Green terra cotta is used for the foliage that sits atop the three long, thin vertical mullions that run up and down its facade, while the Dutch blue tiles were used in honor of the building's commissioner's heritage. FTPE:,
[10] Name this four story building, originally constructed as a department store, which resides in Clinton, Iowa.
Answer: Van Allen Building
[10] This American sculptor of the Carson Pirie Scott Department Store and the Bayard Building also created the Van Allen Building. He may be better known for originating the phrase "form follows function."
Answer: Louis Sullivan
[10] Sullivan is probably best remembered for constructing this brick building in St. Louis for a local financier. Its terra cotta floor contains floral decorations, and it was one of the world's first true skyscrapers.
Answer: Wainwright Building
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
An aldol condensation reacts an enolate ion with a compound with this group, which is bonded to a chloride ion in acyl chloride. FTPE:,
[10] Name this functional group, which is composed of an oxygen doubly-bonded to a carbon atom. It is linked to two other carbon atoms or chemical groups in a ketone.
Answer: carbonyl group
[10] Compounds containing carbonyls can react with Tebbe's reagent to form this organic group. The Julia reaction can also produce them, and they contain two carbons double bonded to each other.
Answer: alkenes
[10] In this reaction, the carbonyl group on a sugar reacts with an amino acid when heat is applied. Similar to caramelization, it is responsible for dulce de leche and is named after its French developer.
Answer: Maillard reaction
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Khawr al Udayd, an inlet on its southeast edge, has been a subject of controversy with the UAE, while the Hawar Islands lie off of its west coast. FTPE:,
[10] Name this country bordered by Saudi Arabia to its south and is otherwise surrounded by the Gulf of Persia. Its capital is Doha.
Answer: Qatar
[10] Qatar separates this body of water from the Persian Gulf. It is the home of the Hawar Islands, and it separates Qatar from Saudi Arabia.
Answer: Gulf of Bahrain
[10] This port island is less than 100 kilometers east from Doha and is home to a number of large crude oil storage tanks.
Answer: Halul

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