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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 EFT Tossups by Ian Eppler and Ike Jose
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After this man's political life, he spent time on a Spanish ship as a deckhead until he was arrested on charges that extended furthered William Wickham's efforts to put him out of power. This man angered James O'brien when he did not support the Orange Parade, and with Peter B. Sweeney this man became director of the Erie Railroad. This man worked with Oakey Hall in furthering the institution he was the head of, while he also owned the Metropolitan Hotel. Images of a fat bird nearby a cliff filled with bones, and an obsese man with a sack of money in lieu of the head were drawn by Thomas Nast representing this politican. For ten points, name this man, the corrupt head of Tammany Hall.
Answer: William Marcy Boss Tweed
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Bernini added two bell towers to the front of this building which were known as "asses' ears" before being removed in 1883. Two large niches, which probably held statues of statesmen, flank the large bronze doors of this building that transition between its porch and its interior. This structure is flanked by the Saepta Julia and the Baths of Nero on the Campus Martius, and it was rededicated to St. Mary of the Martyrs in 608. Its weight is distributed by double-tiered brick vaults radiating down its walls onto its eight large piers. The concrete dome of this building, whose height is exactly the diameter of its walls, is 20 feet thick at the bottom and only 7.5 feet thick at the top, and has coffers to make it lighter. At the top of this building is a circular opening, or oculus. Supposedly built by Agrippa and rebuilt by Hadrian, for 10 points, name this temple in Rome dedicated to all of the gods.
Answer: Pantheon (accept Church of Santa Maria Rotonda or Church of Santa Maria ad Martyres early)
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These compounds react with pyridine and 2,4-dinitro-chlorobenzene in the Zincke reaction. The first step of the Mannich reaction reacts formaldehyde with one of them, and the degree of these compounds is determined by reacting them with benzyl sulfonyl chloride in the Hinsberg test. The Ing-Manske reaction is one variant on a method for producing them which generally uses potassium phthalamide and alkyl halides; that is the Gabriel synthesis. Biological examples of them include alkaloids and norepinephrine, as well as aniline. For ten points, name these functional groups which contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair of electrons, generally derived from ammonia.
Answer: amines
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In one song by this rapper, the listener is told to "raise your L in the sky, " and another song from that album features Mary J. Blige and opens with a quotation from Scarface. In addition to "Feelin' It" and "Can't Knock the Hustle," found on this artist's first album Reasonable Doubt, this artist released an album including a Rick Rubin-produced song in which he mentions being pulled over for "doing 55 in a 54," and a song that declares "ladies is pimps too." Those songs, "99 Problems" and "Dirt Off Your Shoulder," are found on The Black Album. Songs on this artist's most recent album include "Run This Town" and one in which this artist states he is the "only rapper to rewrite history without a pen," "Death of Auto-Tune." For 10 points, name this husband of Beyonce Knowles who recently released The Blueprint 3, who was born Shawn Carter.
Answer: Jay-Z (accept Shawn Carter before mentioned, accept Reasonable Doubt before "this artist")
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One of this author's works inquires "Who leads the docile spheres by withes of supple blue?" A comic poem produced by this author states "Seraphs swing their stony hats," and mentions the "Tippler leaning against the sun," while another poem ends "For I have the power to kill, / without the power to die," and begins "My life, has stood a loaded gun." Another poem of hers describes "We passed the fields of grazing grain, / we passed the fields of setting sun." That poem describes a person who "surmised the horses' heads / were toward eternity." That poem mentions a "carriage that held just ourselves and immortality." For ten points name this author of the poems "I taste a liquor never brewed," and "Because I Could Not Stop for Death," a native of Amherst.
Answer: Emily Dickinson
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His name originally meant "wielder of missiles", and one of his feats was accomplished at the spring of Peirene. This man, who was sent to kill the Solymi tribe, fathered two daughters, Laodameia and Deidameia, and Stheneboea unsuccessfully attempted to seduce him. He sought out the advice of Polydius, and he carried a letter with instructions for his own death to Iobates, the uncle of Proteus. The sting of a gadfly caused his mount to throw him to earth, but Athena gave him a soft landing. He used a golden bridle to obtain his mount, and then killed a monster with the head of a lion and tail of a dragon. For ten points, name this hero who slew the Chimera with the help of Pegasus.
Answer: Bellerophon
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The earliest records of this polity are indicative of military successes for its ruler Cynric and his successor Ceawlin, and one ruler of this polity was the subject of a biography by Asser. The land controlled by this polity was reduced when Cynegils lost the provinces of Hwicce to Penda, and centuries later this polity would throw off the control of a neighboring kingdom when its ruler Egbert defeated Beornwulf. Archbishop Dunstan advised another ruler of this kingdom, Edgar, who absorbed the Danelaw, but the most famous ruler of this polity won the Battle of Edington over the Danes and signed the treaty of Wedmore with them, thereby establishing control over southern England. For ten points, identify this Saxon kingdom of pre-Norman England which coexisted with Mercia and Northumbria and was famously ruled by Alfred the Great.
Answer: Wessex
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The Lemaire Channel separates this body from Booth Island. Sturge, Young, and Buckle are the three largest of the Bellany Islands, which lie near this land mass. This entity's namesake mountain system has its highest point at Mt. Kirkpatrick, and its subdivisions include the Horlick, Pensacola, and Dufek ranges. Much of this entity's namesake peninsula is known as Graham Land, while the tip of it is called the Trinity Peninsula; to its west lie Alexander Island and the Bellingshausen Sea. It is divided into areas such as Marie Byrd Land and Queen Maud Land, and is home to the active and inactive volcanoes Mt. Erebus and Mt. Terror. Its highest mountain is Vinson Massif, and it is indented by the Weddell Sea and Ross Sea, for 10 points, name this icy land mass, the southernmost on Earth.
Answer: Antarctica
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With Walker, this man names a transport process used in general relativity to find a reference frame in which all curvature is due to mass-energy. Time-dependent perturbation theory can be used to show that transition rates in the sudden approximation follow his namesake "golden rule." At absolute zero, unfilled orbitals are separated from filled orbitals in momentum space by his namesake surface and his namesake energy equals the chemical potential. He lends his name to particles that obey the Pauli exclusion principle; those particles are governed by the statistics named for this man and Dirac. For 10 points, name this physicist who produced the first sustained nuclear chain reaction.
Answer: Enrico Fermi
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This author wrote a trilogy in which Ben Ritchie-Hook is part of the Royal Corps of Halberdiers along with Guy Crouchback, and he wrote about Miles Plastic freeing Clara from a mental institution in a novel subtitled "A Romance of the Near Future." This author of Unconditional Surrender and Love among the Ruins, the former of which was collected in his Sword of Honor trilogy also wrote a novel in which Basil Seal helps the ruler of Azania, Emperor Seth, colonize his country, as well as a novel about Lord Tangent and Paul Pennyfeather. In another of his novels, Mr. Todd forces the protagonist to read Charles Dickens to him for the rest of his life after Lady Brenda declares him officially dead. In addition to that novel about Tony Last, he wrote a novel that features characters like Sebastian Flyte and Charles Ryder. For ten points, name this author of Decline and Fall, A Handful of Dust and Brideshead Revisited.
Answer: Evelyn Waugh
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In one of this man's texts, he describes how the Pope gives Candidus to the Bishop of Arles to appease him. This man rendered into prose four Paulinus works about St. Felix, and he also published a prose and poem source on the life of St. Cuthbert. This theologican discussed the use of puncti and their relationship to the days between when God creaeted the Earth and the Sun in his De Temporibus, which was heavily influenced by Isidore of Seville. In his On the Reckoning of Time, he calculated the year of Earth's creation to be 3952 BC. For ten points, name this author of The Ecclesiastical History of the English Speaking Peoples, who established the practice of setting Christ's birthyear at year 1,
Answer: The Venerable Bede
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With Himiltrude, this ruler produced a son with a hunchback that rebelled against his father and was subsequently confined to a monastery. He was married at one point to a daughter of the king of Desiderius, before he defeated him, thus assisting Pope Adrian I. A military incident involving this ruler involved this ruler being appeased by Husayn of Zaragoza, then afterwards being ambushed in Ronceveaux Pass in the Pyrenees. This man declare himself King of the Lombards after he defeated them at Pavia. His biographer was Einhard, and he ruled for a time with Carloman. For ten points, name this first Holy Roman Emperor, a son of Peppin the Short that is the namesake of the Carolingian Dynasty.
Answer: Charlemagne
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One character in this work had previously found his boss sleeping at 2 o'clock in the morning and used a horsewhip to smack him in the face. The narrator of this work is shown labyrinthine blueprints of a machine by a character who describes the effect of the turning point of that machine happening every six hours after its use. Those blueprints were designed by a commandant who will rise again according to a prophecy at this story's end. That aforementioned device in this work consists of a wool bed, a designer and a harrow. Eventually that device in this story fails to inscribe the words "Be Just" into the back of the Officer, killing him. For ten points, name this Franz Kafka story about a machine that does inscribes sentences to people in the title locale.
Answer: "In the Penal Colony" or "In der Strafkolonie"
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This pathway is responsible for triggering Swi6-catalyzed methylation of H3K9 in heterochromatic regions, and proteins in this pathway often contain a piwi domain or a PAZ domain. this pathway requires Exportin-5, and 2-O-methyl substrates were used to ascertain the order of loading in the main complex in this pathway. Drosha and Pasha are responsible for processing stem loops for triggering this pathway, while R2D2 binds to the passenger strand in the RISC complex, which is the main effector of this pathway. Either resulting in translational repression or cleavage of the substrate, it was originally evolved as a defense against viruses. For 10 points, name this pathway in which mRNA is targeted by anti-sense RNA, leading to knockdown of gene expression.
Answer: RNA interference
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While studying under Carl Stumpf, this thinker linked psychology and mathematics in a Habilitationthesis entitled On the Concept of Number. This thinker's study of the foundations of logic was published as Formal and Transcendental Logic, and he defended the method most associated with him in his lecture, First Philosophy. Rudolf Carnap was a one-time student of this figure, whose exposition of such concepts as eidetic reduction was set forth in his Cartesian Meditations, and he also taught Emmanuel Levinas. A student of Franz Brentano, this man developed the concepts of epoche, which he used as a method of "bracketing" an object to analyze its existence. For ten points, identify this philosopher who developed his phenomenological ideas in Logical Investigations.
Answer: Edmund Husserl
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This man briefly edited a magazine called "German-French Yearbooks", which published his "Toward the Critique of the Hegelian Philosophy of Right". He discussed how the title query is secular for the title religious group in North America in On the Jewish Question, while another work traces the rise and eventual coup of a French emperor, mirroring his grandfather. Another work criticizes the draft system of the United Workers' Party. Besides The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis-Napoleon and Critique of the Gotha Program, he wrote a three-volume treatment of the title entity, beginning with describing commodity and money, and a pamphlet which ends with a call to arms for workers to unite and throw off their chains. For 10 points, name this author of Das Kapital and co-author of The Communist Manifesto with Friedrich Engels.
Answer: Karl Heinrich Marx
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The long line is path connected and locally homeomorphic to this set in the standard topology, but cannot be embedded in it. Paul Cohen used forcing to prove the independence of the Zermelo-Fraenkel axioms and a hypothesis regarding the cardinalities of this set and one of its subsets. Hilbert defined this system with 18 axioms that imply it is the largest Archimedean field, and up to isomorphism it is the only ordered field with the least upper bound property. Dedekind cuts and equivalence classes of Cauchy sequences provide two methods for constructing this system, which was proved to be uncountable by Cantor's diagonal argument. For 10 points, name this set that can be decomposed into algebraic and transcendental numbers, or into rational and irrational numbers.
Answer: the real numbers or R
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A Marianne Moore poem titled after her wish to be one of these begins by comparing herself to King Solomon. A Ray Bradbury short story titled for one of these describes two people who mistake it for a train. This word precedes the word "seed" in the title of a novel that focuses in Lao San, Lao Er, and Lao Ta, and their mother Ling Tan, while this precedes the word "teeth" in the title of the third novel of the World's End cycle, which is notable for featuring the secret agent Lanny Budd. One of these creatures arises from Sarusawa pond in an Akutagawa short story. Another one of these is found in Earaness and is killed by a man accompanied by Wiglaf after having slain Grendel's Mother. For ten points, name this creature, one type of which kills Beowulf.
Answer: dragon
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Zubin Mehta's recording of this piece with the Los Angeles Philharmonic is featured on a double album alongside Holst's The Planets and a suite from Star Wars. The strings play a slow fugue which employs all twelve notes of the chromatic scale, and this work ends with high B's in the woodwinds and low C's in the low strings, preventing complete resolution. The "Dance Song" section features a prominent violin solo, while the trumpets play C-G-C above the organ to symbolize dawn at the opening of this work, whose other sections include "Of Joys and Passions" and "Nachtwandlerlied." For ten points, name this symphonic poem based on Nietzsche, written by Richard Strauss and used as the theme for 2001: A Space Odyssey.
Answer: Also Sprach Zarathustra or Thus Spake Zarathustra
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After landing at Lemta, one participant in this battle marched his forces to Hadrumentum, from which those forces then moved to the site of this engagement. Prior to this engagement, one side had broken out of Castra Cornelia, to which it had been forced to retire from the siege of Utica, and destroyed the camp of Syphax. The actions of Laelius were crucial to the outcome of this battle, in which the victor deployed his maniples in columns with the hastati in front of the principes andtriarii. This battle took place five years after one victorious general at this battle had won the Battle of the Metaurus River, while Massinissa was recognized as the king of Numidia in the aftermath of this battle, which earned the victor his title of "Africanus." For ten points, identify this 202 B.C. engagement which saw Scipio's victory over Hannibal.
Answer: Battle of Zama
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This artist's studies of nature include Young Hare and one which shows different species of grasses and leaves with great accuracy, The Large Turf. In one self-portrait, this man is grasping the fur collar of his brown robe with his right hand, while his curly hair spreads out onto his shoulders in imitation of Christ. In one of his works, the first title character rides stoically on horseback while the other two title characters, one of whom holds an hourglass ahead of him, try to disturb him. In another, a lion lies on the ground while the titular saint is at work, with light streaming from his bald head. One of his works contains a dog curled up above a sphere in the bottom left, as well as a bell above a magic square and a truncated rhombohedron, known as his solid. For 10 points, name this painter of many self-portraits and engraver of Knight, Death, and the Devil, St. Jerome in his Study, and Melencolia I.
Answer: Albrecht Durer
2009 EFT Bonuses by Ian Eppler and Ike Jose
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It advises "when grace is lost from life, come with a burst of song." For ten points each,,
[10] Name this poetry collection written by a Nobel Laureate that begins "Thou hast made me endless," and features a William Butler Yeats introduction in which he explains he might cry whenever he read one poem in it.
Answer: Gitanjali
[10] Gitanjali was written by this Nobel Laureate, the author of Jana Gana Mana, and the author of the play The Home and the World.
Answer: Rabindrinath Tagore
[10] Tagore wrote a play about oleanders of this color. This color titles an Orhan Pamuk novel called My Name is this, and it describes a chamber in a Cao Xueqin work.
Answer: red
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Name these players who caused controversy during the 2008-2009 NHL season, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Slovak winger left the Pittsburgh Penguins for the Detroit Red Wings, believing that the Red Wings offered a higher chance at the Stanley Cup. His plan backfired when his Red Wings lost to the Penguins in the Stanley Cup finals.
Answer: MarianHossa
[10] Don Cherry criticized this Washington Capital's exuberant goal celebrations. Those celebrations occurred 56 times, as this player won a second straight Rocket Richard Trophy.
Answer: AlexanderOvechkin
[10] This pest was waived by the Dallas Stars after stating "it's become like a common thing in the NHL for guys to fall in love with my sloppy seconds." He later signed with the New York Rangers.
Answer: SeanAvery
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He will return in approximately 427,00 years as Kalki. FTPE,
[10] Name this Hindu deity, often called the "preserver," who took on the form of Krishna in the Mahabharata.
Answer: Vishnu
[10] Vishnu rides this king of birds, a son of Kashyap and archenemy of the nagas.
Answer: Garuda
[10] This other Hindu deity is the personification of the sun. He arose from the eye of the world-giant Purusa and like many other sun deities rides across the heavens in a chariot.
Answer: Surya
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The Venezuelan Kindred project was used to study the age of onset of this autosomal dominant disease, which occurs when its namesake protein undergoes a misfolding in the cytosol. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this disease, a chorea whose onset comes at about age 40.
Answer: Huntington's disease
[10] The genetic cause of Huntington's disease is a trinucleotide repeat of CAG in the Huntington gene, which codes for this protein. The age of onset is inversely proportional to the number of repeats.
Answer: glutamine
[10] Unlike Huntington's disease, this disease, while also resulting from a single-gene mutation, is autosomal recessive. Its delta-F508 variant is the predominant one and it is characterized by pancreatic enzyme insufficiency caused by impaired chloride conductance across the membranes of epithelial cells.
Answer: cystic fibrosis
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It would have required a majority of the citizens in each southern state to swear an "ironclad oath" of loyalty to the Union before that state could be readmitted. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Radical Republican-supported bill for reconstruction which President Lincoln pocket-vetoed in 1864.
Answer: Wade-Davis bill
[10] The Radical Republicans later managed to get past Andrew Johnson's veto to recharter this organization which raided former slaves. On the other hand, it never lived up to its promise of "forty acres and a mule."
Answer: Freedman's Bureau
[10] The Freedman's Bureau was headed by this Union General, who during the war had played major roles in the Battles of Chancellorsville and Fair Oaks.
Answer: Oliver Howard
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This man broke further from the Byzantine tradition than his mentor Cimabue, although his Madonna and Child works still look somewhat static. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this proto-Renaissance innovator who also designed the campanile of the Florence Cathedral, whose reliefs were done by Andrea Pisano after his death.
Answer: Giotto di Bondone
[10] Giotto used a pervasive deep blue pigment in his fresco cycle for this church in Padua which depicts the Lives of Christ and the Virgin.
Answer: Arena Chapel or Scrovegni Chapel or Cappella degli Scrovegni
[10] The largest work in the Arena Chapel is a depiction of the Last Judgment, a large treatment was also painted by Michelangelo in this Roman building whose ceiling contains The Creation of Adam.
Answer: Sistine Chapel or Cappella Sistina
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This equation relates the time derivative and the Hamiltonian of wavefunctions. For ten points each,,
[10] Name this central equation of quantum mechanics.
Answer: the Schrodinger equation
[10] This physicist showed that the wavefunction can be interpreted in terms of probability densities. He also names an approximation with his student Oppenheimer.
Answer: Max Born
[10] Born's probabilistic interpretation is part of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics along with this principle enunciated by Bohr which states that matter can behave as a particle or as a wave, but not both simultaneously.
Answer: complementarity principle
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This country's FLN party arose out of its revolutionary movement, whose military arm was led by Houari Boumedienne. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this North African nation who signed a 1962 ceasefire with France at the Evian Agreement to gain their independence.
Answer: People's Democratic Republic of Algeria or al Jumhuriyya al Jazaa'iriyya al Dimuqratiyya ash Sha'biyya
[10] The Algerian War of Independence led to the downfall of this ruling government of France, in power since 1946.
Answer: French Fourth Republic or Quatrieme Republique
[10] The first leader of the succeeding Fifth Republic was this man, who had also led the Free French Forces during World War II.
Answer: Charles Andre Joseph Marie de Gaulle
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This author wrote about Denis Stone in a novel set in the title locale as told by Henry Wimbush, and another of his novels focuses on Jo Stoyte and Dr. Obispo. For ten points each,,
[10] Name this man that wrote Crome Yellow and After Many Summer Dies the Swan.
Answer: Aldous Huxley
[10] Aldous Huxley wrote this dystopian novel about John the Savage, and focusing on a Henry Ford inspired society.
Answer: Brave New World
[10] In Brave New World, Reuben Rabinovitich was the person whose recitation of a speech he heard in sleep that provided the inspiration of this learning technique, the acquisition of material during sleep.
Answer: hypnopedia
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Name these Roman gods without Greek counterparts, FTPE:,
[10] The cult of this god, who was born from a rock and was often depicted sacrificing bulls, became popular among members of the military during the 1st century AD.
Answer: Mithras
[10] This god had a namesake gate in the Roman Forum, which was opened during wartime. Oh, yeah, he also had two faces and is a namesake of a month of the Gregorian calendar.
Answer: Janus
[10] Members of this collection of minor gods were believed to watch over various aspects of household life, and small statues of them were commonly placed around the house. The Penates were later conflated with this group.
Answer: Lares
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Name these places in the Indian Ocean, for 10 points each.,
[10] This archipelago, located in the Bay of Bengal, is an Indian-controlled territory along with the nearby Nicobar islands. Its capital is located at Port Blair.
Answer: AndamanIslands
[10] This city, located in the Kaafu Atoll, is home to the Hukuru Miskiiy Mosque. It is the capital of the Maldives.
Answer: Male
[10] This archipelago includes the islands of Unguja and Pemba, and features a UNESCO World Heritage site at Stone Town. It was an independent country before it became part of Tanzania in 1964.
Answer: Zanzibar
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They are distinguished from solutions by their scattering of light, known as the Tyndall effect. FTPE:,
[10] Name these mixtures in which one substance is evenly dispersed throughout another. Examples include foams, in which a gas is dispersed in a liquid or solid.
Answer: colloids
[10] This type of colloid is characterized by one liquid dispersed in another liquid, such as milk or mayonnaise.
Answer: emulsion
[10] Colloids frequently come out of suspension by this process, where particles clump together to form flakes.
Answer: flocculation
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The first one of these was known as the Fifteen, and was largely defeated at the Battle of Sheriffmuir. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these Scottish revolts in favor of the exiled Stuart pretenders to the British throne, another of which took place thirty years later.
Answer: Jacobite Rebellions
[10] The Forty-Five Rebellion was crushed by English forces under the Duke of Cumberland in this 1746 battle which basically destroyed the Highlanders' old way of life.
Answer: Battle of Culloden Moor or Battle of Drummossie
[10] The Jacobite forces at Culloden, and the Forty-Five Rebellion in general, was led by this useless hunk, known as the Young Pretender.
Answer: Charles Edward Stuart or Bonnie Prince Charlie
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Name these characters from Tennessee Williams's A Street Car Named Desire, for ten points each.,
[10] This Southern belle is raped by Stanley Kowalski after moving away from Laurel Mississippi. A high school teacher, her husband committed suicide when she discovered he was gay.
Answer: Blanche Dubois [accept either]
[10] This woman is Blanche's sister. She does not believe Blanche's rape accusation and gives birth to her and Stan's child near the end of the play.
Answer: Stella Kowalski [prompt on last name]
[10] One of the only other named female characters in the play; she is the wife of Steve, the poker buddy of Stan. She partially convinces Stella to dismiss Blanche's claims of rape.
Answer: Eunice
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This can be defined as the ability of a state to influence another, or as control over resources and capabilities. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this concept from IR theory, which is assumed to be the goal of rational states or leaders.
Answer: power
[10] This theorist wrote about "soft" power, which arises from cultural and human factors, in his book Power and Interdependence. He also wrote The Power Game and The Paradox of American Power.
Answer: Joseph Nye
[10] Joseph Nye is a member of this school of International Relations theory, where he joins Robert Keohane and Stephen Krasner.
Answer: Neo-liberalism
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The percussive eighth notes which open his Prelude no. 16 from Opus 28 has led it to be nicknamed the "Raindrop" prelude. FTPE:,
[10] Name this French-Polish composer who wrote the "Revolutionary Etude" as well as dozens of mazurkas and polonaises, all of which involve the piano.
Answer: Frederic Chopin
[10] Chopin also wrote a bunch of these compositions which evoke the night, although the Opus 9 No. 2 in E-flat may be the most popular. This type of composition was originally developed by John Field.
Answer: nocturne
[10] Chopin was the first to apply this term to a set of long, dramatic piano pieces with heroic qualities. He wrote a total of four: the first is a G minor piece in 6/4 while the rest are in 6/8. They may have been inspired by poet Adam Mickiewicz.
Answer: ballade
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For 10 points each, name these directors.,
[10] This man made an appearance as Harry Lime in The Third Man, and often starred in his own films, including The Stranger and Citizen Kane.
Answer: George Orson Welles
[10] Many of this Italian director's movies starred Marcello Mastroianni, including La dolce vita and 8 1/2.
Answer: Federico Fellini
[10] This director is known for her films portraying Nazi-era Germany in a positive light, like Olympia and Triumph of the Will.
Answer: Berta Helene Amalie (Leni) Riefenstahl
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During the colonial period, this country was divided into 15 hereditary fiefs which were divided among the donatarios. FTPE:,
[10] Name this country, which like its parent country was ruled from 1937 to 1945 by Getulio Vargas under the Estado Novo.
Answer: Brazil
[10] This last emperor of Brazil ruled for 49 years across 36 cabinets, before being forced to abdicate in an 1889 coup.
Answer: Dom Pedro II
[10] Pedro II's crowning achievement was arguably this law, which abolished slavery in Brazil, though his daughter Isabel was technically regent at the time.
Answer: the Golden Law or the Lei Aurea
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Answer the following on atmospheric circulation, for ten points each.,
[10] These events disrupt normal Walker circulation and are closely associated with the Southern Oscillation. They occur at irregular intervals every 3-7 years, and manifest as strong warm countercurrents off the coast of Peru that typically appear around Christmas, explaining their name.
Answer: El Nino
[10] Originally postulated as an explanation for the trade winds, these convection cells can be found in each hemisphere between the Farrell cells and the equator.
Answer: Hadley cells
[10] A band of clouds can often be seen along this region which marks the axis of the Northern and Southern Hemisphere trade winds. It is sometimes known as the meteorological equator, and it coincides with the rising branch of the Hadley cells.
Answer: ITCZ (pronounced "itch") or Intertropical Convergence Zone or equatorial convergence zone (prompt on monsoon trough)
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This work argues that the title character has an Egyptian name and that the Bible inverted the story of his childhood. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this book which claimed Judaism was descended from the worship of Aton, diverging from its author's tradition of psychoanalysis.
Answer: Moses and Monotheism
[10] This author wrote Moses and Monotheism, and formulated the Oedipus complex and similar constructs in works like The Intepretation of Dreams.
Answer: Sigmund Freud or Sigismund Schlomo Freud
[10] This other late work of Freud argues that the struggle between sexual desires and social mores cause dissatisfaction and violence among mankind, especially the second title entities.
Answer: Civilization and its Discontents or Das Unbehagen in der Kultur
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At one point in this epic, Neptune convenes the Maritime Gods Council in order to decide whether an armada will be sunk. For ten points each,,
[10] Name this epic poem that features a journey to Melinde in which St. Elmo's fire and the giant Adamastor cause trouble for a fleet captained by an explorer.
Answer: Os Lusiads or the Lusiads
[10] The Lusaids was written by this poet, a man who wrote a sonnet on the death of King Sebastian.
Answer: Luis vas de Camoes or Luiz vas de Camoens
[10] Camoes was a poet from this country, whose other figures include the author of The Stone Raft and Blindness, Jose Saramago.
Answer: Portugal

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