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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 EFT Tossups by Guy Tabachnick 2
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Poems attributed to this man include three about Priapus, a series of epigrams called the Catalepton, and a long work called "The Gnat". In one of his works, one character calls those who died near their homes "three and four times blessed", while another section of that work describes ants plundering a heap of grain for winter. Palaemon intervenes between Damoetas and Menalcas trading couplets in fighting over a cow in one work, whose first section begins with Meliboeus describing Tityrus singing. The second book of one of his works is dedicated to arboriculture and viniculture, while the fourth is about beekeeping; that work is a poetic treatise on farming. This man wrote an epic poem whose characters include Achates, the hardy companion of the title character; Anchises and Ascanius, his father and son; and Turnus, his enemy in Italy. For 10 points, name this author of the Georgics, the Eclogues, and the Aeneid.
Answer: Publius Vergilius Maro
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This thinker attacked Freud though an interpretation of Jivaro myths in The Jealous Potter, and contrasted myths about honey and tobacco in one work, while another discusses etiquette among the Tucuna Indians. Besides From Honey to Ashes and The Origin of Table Manners, parts of a series which also includes The Naked Man, this anthropologist wrote Totemism as an introduction to a longer work which discusses "The Science of the Concrete" and "Systems of Transformations" in arguing that totemism was never a construct of the title thinking entity. He used a Bororo myth to discuss dualistic empirical categories in one book of his Mythologiques series and the title constructs of another work dictate which relatives are best for marriage. For 10 points, name this centenarian structural anthropologist who wrote The Raw and the Cooked, Elementary Structures of Kinship and The Savage Mind.
Answer: Claude Levi-Strauss
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One of his cycles shows scenes such as The Baptism of the Neophytes and its subject Healing the Sick with his Shadow, and this artist also created the San Geovanelli Tryptich and the Pisa Altarpiece. One of his works features painted columns and sarcophagus with a skeleton below an arch with a barrel vault in perspective that encases a crucified Jesus with the Father and two saints. The aforementioned cycle, a series of frescoes, done with Masolino, for the Brancacci Chapel of Santa Maria della Carmine, includes one in which Adam and Eve walk away and cry while covering their face, and breasts and genitals, respectively; and another in which St. Peter appears catching a fish on the left, pointing among a group of men in the center, and handing the title payment to a tax collector on the right. For 10 points, name this Early Renaissance painter of The Trinity, Expulsion from the Garden of Eden and The Tribute Money.
Answer: Masaccio or Tommaso Cassai or Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Mone
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This man published a series of books containing pictures of various life forms in Sagami Bay. In the Sakuradamon incident, Lee Bong-chang attempted to assassinate him with a grenade, and he later refused to visit the Yakusuni Shrine because of fourteen of its honorees. This man appointed his uncle, Higashikuni Naruhiko, as Prime Minister after losing a conflict and being forced to enact such reforms as supporting unions, women's enfranchisement, and democracy, as well as elimination of his nation's army. In the Humanity Declaration, read during the Jewel Voice Broadcast, this ruler quoted the Charter Oath, then admitted that he was not a living god, a fact driven home when a commoner, Michiko, married his son, Akihito. Also known as Emperor Showa, for 10 points, name this Japanese emperor who ruled for over 60 years, including during World War II.
Answer: Michinomiya Hirohito (accept Emperor Showa or Showa tenno before mentioned)
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E.S. Loomis published a compendium about this statement, which Edsger Dijkstra generalized using the signum function. Generalized to inner product spaces, this statement is Parseval's identity, while its analog in three dimensions is de Gua's theorem. Euclid's proof of it, like many others, uses a figure known as the bride's chair. This statement is logically equivalent to Euclid's parallel postulate, and its generalization to powers higher than two, proved unsolvable by Andrew Wiles, is Fermat's last theorem. For 10 points, name this special case of the law of cosines, a statement which states that the sum of the squares of the two legs of a right triangle is equal to the square of the hypotenuse.
Answer: the Pythagorean theorem
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This work's author described its protagonist's origins in various young men he had met in an essay titled "How [its protagonist] was Born". In one scene in this work, the main character kills a rat with his brother Buddy, then scares his sister Vera with it. Its protagonist beats up Gus at a pool hall after seeing The Gay Woman and Trader Horn with Jack, G.H., and him, all of them deciding not to rob Blum's delicatessen. Jan Erlone takes up the cause of the protagonist, who is defended by the Communist lawyer Boris Max because he had raped his girlfriend Bessie Mears, then killed her with a brick after confessing to her the crime for which he is sentenced to death, suffocating Mary Dalton with a pillow. For 10 points, name this novel about Bigger Thomas by Richard Wright.
Answer: Native Son
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Basil the Great, Gregory of Nazianus, and Gregory of Nyssa were the Cappadocian Theologians, a group which argued against this belief. Its main text was the Thalia, or Banquet, and the controversy surrounding this heresy was stoked by both sides using Origen's writings as evidence for their position. Ulfilas converted the Goths and other Germanic tribes to this sect, whose incorrectness was supposedly confirmed by its founder's gruesome death of evacuating his bowels. The emperor Constantius espoused this belief, leading to its further condemnation at the First Council of Constantinople. One council was torn as to whether to condemn this heresy in favor of the Eusebian homoiousios or the homoousios, supported by two bishops of Alexandria, Alexander and Athanasius. For 10 points, name this heresy condemned at the First Council of Nicaea, which states that Jesus is inferior to, not consubstantial with, the Father.
Answer: Arianism
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This composer wrote two works called Aequalis for three trombones, and the wind accompaniment is optional for the Kyrie movement, while the Gloria ends in a double fugue on the one word "Amen" in his Mass in E Minor. His third mass, nicknamed the "Great", is in F minor, as is his Study Symphony. One of his works features a new theme suddenly and loudly introduced by trombones in the exposition of the first movement, which opens the development and then disappears; he called that First Symphony the "saucy maid" and was actually written before his so-called Zeroth Symphony. One of his symphonies begins in B flat minor despite being in C minor and features a second-movement scherzo, while another which features the "Hunt" Scherzo and opens with a call from a solo French horn. For 10 points, name this composer whose symphonies include his Eighth, the "Apocalyptic"; and his Fourth, the "Romantic".
Answer: Anton Bruckner
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Uninhabited islands belonging to this nation include Kemmunett and Filfla, and Marsaxlokk [mar-sa-shlock] Bay indents its biggest island. Neolithic temples in this country include Tarxien [tar-shien], Ta' Hagrat, [hadj-rat] and Hagar Qim [ha-jar eem]. The Blue Lagoon is off this nation's island of Comino. This nation's capital is a port which contains the Marsamxett [mar-sam-shet] and Grand Harbours. One island in this nation has its largest town at Victoria, also known as Rabat, also the name of a town outside the old capital of Mdina. That island is home to the aforementioned megalithic temples, which include Ggantija [djgan-ti-yah], or the Giant's Tower. Besides that "Island of the Three Hills", Gozo, its namesake island contains this country's largest town, Birkirkara. For 10 points, name this small island nation south of Italy with capital at Valletta.
Answer: Malta
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In support of his endeavors, this man wrote tracts such as Letter to the Free Society of Traders, while winning over the support of Francis Daniel Pastorius. This man wrote a work whose second half consists of testimonies to the effectiveness of the first half, a "discourse shewing the nature and discipline of the Holy Cross", No Cross, No Crown. This man gained territory as a result of his friendship with Algernon Sidney; he proposed the title of "New Wales" and a constitution called the Frame of Government. According to legend, he signed a treaty at Shackamaxon; that was done with Susquehanna tribes like the Mingoes and the Delawares. This was to secure peace in the colony he founded, named after its woods, thanks to a charter from Charles II, dubbed a "Holy Experiment". For 10 points, name this Quaker, the founder and namesake of a state which includes Philadelphia.
Answer: William Penn
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One character in this work goes from his home town to Paris with some diamonds sewn in his coat by selling astrological instruments. Another marries the Duke of Sanseverina but, per a prior agreement, shacks up with Count Mosca, the prime minister, instead. The protagonist picks up General Conti and her daughter in a carriage, then falls in love with her when he meets her again in jail, but she dies shortly after childbirth. Besides Clelia and the protagonist's aunt, Gina Pietranera, another woman in this novel is an actress named Marietta Valsera, whose lover, the ugly Giletti, the protagonist kills. At the beginning of this work, the main character joins Napoleon's army, then travels around Italy before retiring to the title monastery on the Po. For 10 points, name this novel about Fabrizio del Dongo by Stendhal.
Answer: The Charterhouse of Parma or Le Chartreuse de Parme
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One step of this process is inhibited by flouroacetate, while another mutation in this process leads to hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma. One of its intermediates shuts with arginosuccinate to control urea production, while another is responsible for shuttling in reducing equivalents via exchanging with aspartate. One step uses cis-aconitate as an intermediate in an isomerization. In another step, succinate is oxidized to fumarate. Its final step oxidizes malate to a product on which an aldol condensation is performed in its first step, oxaloacetate. Preceded by pyruvate dehydrogenase complex turning pyruvate into acetyl CoA, for 10 points, name this step which follows glycosylation in cellular respiration, a cycle sometimes named for a product found in lemons.
Answer: citric acid cycle or tricarboxylic acid cycle or Szent-Gyorgyi-Krebs cycle
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This artist took a series of pictures of clouds, known as Equivalents. A woman walking several feet in front and to the side of a man carrying two long sticks, and a man sitting on a wood pile feeding a horse are his two photographs with the title A Snapshot: Paris. He published the magazine Camera Work as part of his Photo-Secession movement, and one of his early works shows a carriage head-on riding toward snow with wheel tracks in it. He took several photos of his wife's hands in various positions, and showed a man with his back turned from the viewer looking at a horse-drawn trolley in one photograph. Besides Winter, Fifth Avenue and The Terminal. Another of his works features a narrow drawbridge with side chains, a deck, a ladder, and an "inclining funnel", all at different angles, while crowds of people fill the title section of the ship. For 10 points, name this photographer of The Steerage, the husband of Georgia O'Keeffe.
Answer: Alfred Stieglitz
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One section of this work argues that differences in talents and abilities among people are morally arbitrary. This work broadly defines constructivism as any ethical position which tries to set forth procedures for solving moral issues, unlike the author's later works like "Kantian Constructivism in Moral Theory" and Political Liberalism. It states that the title entity must be in reflective equilibrium with considered moral judgements, leading to the title of its first chapter defining that entity as fairness. The worst-off in society get the most benefit according to the difference principle, one outcome of a state described in this work in which open-minded, rational agents gather on behalf of someone in society, about whom they know nothing, the "veil of ignorance" in this "original position". Refuted in Robert Nozick's Anarchy, State, and Utopia, for 10 points, name this best-known work of John Rawls.
Answer: A Theory of Justice
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Freemasonry was blamed for one of this man's policies in the encyclical Etsi multa. He took money involving the newly-formed Guelph Legion into a "reptile fund" with which he bribed newspapers. As prime minister, he convinced a neighboring nation, represented by the rather willing Count Blome. to sign the Gastein Convention, and he negotiated the League of the Three Emperors. When the terms of the Gastein Convention were violated, a conflict including the Battle of Koniggratz, the Seven Weeks' War, resulted. One of this man's policies was enacted by the Kanzelparagraph and Adalbert Falk's May Laws; that attempt to reduce Catholic influence was the Kulturkampf, while he released out the Ems dispatch to provoke the Franco-Prussian War. For 10 points, name this "Iron Chancellor" who helped unite Germany serving emperors like Wilhelm I.
Answer: Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg, Count of Bismarck-Schonhausen
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This figure's brow is compared to scentless mayweed, and according to a poem named after [this man's] Dreams, also called the Vegtamskvida, this man's father had a son named Vali with the giantess Rindr to kill this man's killer. He lived in Breidablik and had a ship named Hringhorni. This man's son with his wife Nanna rules in Glitnir, where legal disputes are settled. Loki was bound to a rock with snake venom dripping onto him after pretending to be the giantess Thokk, who refused to weep for this man, thus stopping Hel from returning him to his father at Asgard. Possessor of the ring Draupnir and father of Forseti, this man's mother, Frigg, forced all things but one to vow not to kill this man, after which his blind brother Hodr then shot him. For 10 points, name this handsome son of Odin whom Loki schemed to kill with mistletoe and who will be reborn in the next world.
Answer: Balder
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The words "down by the river don't you know. / I had to let it go" are in the chorus of one song featuring this city in its title. Besides that 2009 hit by Mini Viva titled "Left My Heart in" this city, one movie set here sees Twinkie introduce Shawn Boswell to an activity where he battles D.K. Another one, whose screenplay was written by Roald Dahl, features an MI6 agent based here named Dikko Henderson, and sees James Bond surrounded by such women as Helga Brandt and Kissy, whom he marries undercover. In another movie set in this city, Bob Harris films a commercial for Suntory whiskey. Baseball teams in this city include the Yakult Swallows and one which plays in a domed stadium sometimes called the Big Egg, the Yomiuri Giants. The site of much of You Only Live Twice, Lost in Translation, and the third Fast and the Furious movie, named after its drift for 10 points, name this capital of Japan.
Answer: Tokyo (accept "Left My Heart in Tokyo" before mentioned)
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Azlactone intermediates are formed when alpha-amino acids react with acetic anhydrides to produce these in the Dakin-West reaction, while the large ring alicyclic type are produced by the Ruzicka synthesis. Aromatic forms of these are created using organic nitriles in the Houben-Hoesch reaction, and also form from esters in the Fries rearrangement. The methyl type produces a positive result in the iodoform test, and unlike a similar compound, these almost always give a negative result when reacted with Tollens' reagent. Produced by the oxidation of secondary alcohols, for 10 points, name this type of organic compound consisting of a carbonyl attached to two carbon atoms, whose simplest example is acetone.
Answer: ketone (accept Dakin-West reaction before "these")
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In one work, this character is told by another that he will eat her unless she shows herself to be a woman; that man had encountered this one sitting on a statue in the desert. In another, this character dies with her attendants Charmian and Iras. This character rolls herself up in a carpet to travel with Apollodorus to a lighthouse, and later orders an enemy killed by her nurse Ftatateeta, who is herself killed by Rufio for the deed, while in another work, Enobarbus says that "Age cannot wither her". In that work, this character is left for a time by her lover when his wife Fulvia dies and Sextus Pompeius threatens his ally. That man kills himself by falling onto his sword after the Battle of Actium, whereupon this woman commits suicide by asp. For 10 points, name this ruler of Egypt who is paired with Caesar in a play by George Bernard Shaw and with Antony in one by Shakespeare.
Answer: Cleopatra
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This effect's inverse form can be described using the Kompaneets equation, and Faust and Johnson described its multiple form. In describing this effect, its namesake created a namesake wavelength of a particle defined as Planck's constant divided by the product of the particle's mass and the speed of light. That inverse form, which results from the scattering of CMB photons, is known as the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect. The differential cross-section of this effect is calculated for higher wavelengths of the Klein-Nishina formula, and is the higher-wavelength version of visible light's Thomson scattering. For 10 points, name this form of scattering in which a photon loses energy when it collides with matter.
Answer: Compton scattering or effect
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One consul under this emperor showed his thanks by writing the original Panegyric; that man also wrote some famous Epistulae in which he described the death of his uncle at Vesuvius. He imposed the puppet ruler Parthamaspates upon the Parthians, and his building projects include a namesake extension of the Appian Way, an alternate northern route from Beneventum to Brundisium. Under this emperor's rule, Arabia, Armenia, and Mesopotamia were made provinces, while one of this man's campaigns resulted in a trophy at Adamklissi after the sack of one region's capital, Sarmizegethusa and the suicide of its leader, Decebalus. This man was appointed governor of Upper Germany by the emperor who soon adopted him, Nerva, and his victory in the Dacian Wars is depicted in a long spiral bas-relief on his namesake column. For 10 points, name this second of the Five Good Emperors, succeeded by Hadrian.
Answer: Trajan or Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus
2009 EFT Bonuses by Guy Tabachnick 2
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He built Sainte-Chapelle to house the relics of the Crown of Thorns and True Cross that he brought back from the Holy Land. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this king of France who led the Seventh and Eighth Crusades.
Answer: Louis IX or Saint Louis
[10] Louis IX's early reign was dominated by this regent, his mother.
Answer: Blanche of Castile
[10] Louis belonged to this royal house which ruled France from 987 to 1328, founded by a certain Hugh.
Answer: the Capetian dynasty
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Answer some questions about non-western holidays, for 10 points each.,
[10] In this Hindu holiday celebrating the beginning of spring, celebrants light bonfires and throw colored powder at each other.
Answer: Holi or Holaka or Phagwa
[10] This other Hindu holiday, often called the festival of lights, honors Lakshmi and, on one calendar, also marks New Year's Eve.
Answer: Diwali or Deepavali
[10] Adherents to this religion celebrate the New Year's festival of Noruz, which honors Rapithwin, and other seasonal holidays called Gahanbars.
Answer: Zoroastrianism
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Answer some questions about architecture in the Italian Renaissance, for 10 points each.,
[10] This man lost a contest with Lorenzo Ghiberti to design the doors of the Florence Baptistry, but later defeated Ghiberti with his innovative dome design for Florence's Santa Maria del Fiore cathedral. He also totally introduced linear perspective to Italy.
Answer: Filippo Brunelleschi
[10] Michelozzo designed the lantern atop the dome of the Florence Cathedral after Brunelleschi's death, and used "kneeling windows" in his design for this building for an Italian ruling family who later bought the Palazzo Pitti.
Answer: Palazzo Medici or Palazzo Medici Riccardi
[10] This other architect designed the circular Tempietto for the courtyard of San Pietro in Rome.
Answer: Donato Bramante
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In one poem, this author exhorts, "Beat! beat! drums!—Blow! bugles! blow!" For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poet whose best-known work also includes sections like "Songs of Insurrection" and "Children of Adam".
Answer: Walt Whitman
[10] This behemoth poem in 52 sections ends "I stop somewhere waiting for you" after a long celebration of himself, as mentioned in the first line, after which the narrator says that "every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you."
Answer: "Song of Myself"
[10] This elegy to Abraham Lincoln contains a Death Carol in its sixteenth section, and describes a time when "the great star early droop'd in the western sky in the night".
Answer: "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd"
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Symbolized E, this quantity is the ratio of stress to strain. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this measure of elasticity.
Answer: Young's modulus
[10] This law of elasticity states that the restoring force exerted by an elastic material is relative to its displacement from equilibrium.
Answer: Hooke's law
[10] Some non-Newtonian fluids possess this property, where viscosity decreases over time with ongoing shear stress. Its opposite is rheopexy.
Answer: thixotropy (accept word forms)
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According to horsetalk.co.nz, this event was caused by an outbreak of equine flu known as the "Great Epizootic". For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this economic crisis triggered most directly by the failure of Jay Cooke and Company and his Northern Pacific Railroad venture.
Answer: the Panic of 1873
[10] The Panic of 1873 had been preceded a few years earlier by Black Friday, in which this man and James Fisk attempted to corner the gold market, with less than successful results.
Answer: Jason (Jay) Gould
[10] Black Friday was and the Panic of 1873 both took place during the administration of this scandal-ridden president and former Civil War General succeeded by Rutherford B. Hayes.
Answer: Ulysses Simpson Grant or Hiram Ulysses Grant
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These sounds can be tense or lax, and Japanese contains voiceless ones. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this class of sounds, whose variation in Indo-European language Saussure described with his laryngeal theory.
Answer: vowels
[10] A vowel usually serves as the nucleus for this segment of speech consisting of an onset, a rime, and often a coda, whose definition has been challenged by long strings of consonants in the language Nuxalk.
Answer: syllable
[10] Another theory about Proto-Indo-European claimed that it had ejectives and not breathy-voiced plosives and was named after this part of the vocal tract. The stop in this location is found at the beginning of all English words spelled with an initial vowel.
Answer: glottis (accept word forms)
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Name some baseball players from the first half of the twentieth century, for 10 points each:,
[10] This ultra-famous guy was traded from the Red Sox to the Yankees, where he hit most of his 714 home runs, including 60 in 1927. His alliterative nicknames included "The Sultan of Swat" and "The Behemoth of Bash".
Answer: George Herman "Babe" Ruth
[10] This epileptic known as "Ol' Pete" was sent to the mound to finish the 1926 World Series for the Cardinals despite having pitched the night before, which he did when Babe Ruth was caught stealing. He got many of his 373 wins with the Cubs and Phillies as well.
Answer: Grover Cleveland Alexander
[10] This Cardinals player-manager hit a ridiculous .424 in 1924 and was also known for moves like refusing to see movies for fear they would damage his eyesight and skipping his mother's funeral to play in the World Series.
Answer: Rogers Hornsby
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Name some novels set in India, for 10 points each.,
[10] This behemoth by Vikram Seth follows the Kapoor, Mehra, Chatterji, and Khan families. The title comes from Rupa Mehra's quest to find a husband for her daughter Lata.
Answer: A Suitable Boy
[10] In this work, the title character goes to Hanuman House to paint for the Tulsis, where he is forced to marry a sixteen-year-old named Shama. At the end of the work, he achieves his title ambition by purchasing it from a solicitor's clerk.
Answer: A House for Mr. Biswas
[10] This Rudyard Kipling collection of short stories included "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi" and stories like "Kaa's Hunting" and "Tiger-Tiger", which feature Mowgli.
Answer: The Jungle Book
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Children only get one functional copy of this gene from their parents in Li-Fraumeni syndrome. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this tumor suppressor protein, encoded on chromosome 17 in humans, which binds DNA to activate production of p21, a stop sign for cell division.
Answer: p53 or tumor protein 53
[10] p53 appears as a 53 kilodalton protein when using this technique, in which a series of proteins immobilized on a flat membrane are probed using a labelled antibody. It's usually done immediately after a polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.
Answer: Western blot
[10] P53 contains this amino acid, symbolized R, which, when combined with water, produces ornithine and urea.
Answer: arginine
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Forces loyal to this monarch, led by his court favorite, Robert de Vere, were defeated by the Lords Appellant at the Battle of Radcot Bridge in 1387. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Plantagenet king of England.
Answer: Richard II
[10] Richard II put down this revolt of 1381, started when the lower class got angry at a new poll tax. Its leaders included John Ball, Jack Straw, and its namesake.
Answer: The Peasants' Revolt (or Rebellion) or Wat Tyler's Rebellion (or Revolt)
[10] Richard II was the son of this man, who won with his father at Crecy and alone at Poitiers. He never became king himself, and his epithet, never used in his lifetime, probably comes from the color of his armor.
Answer: Edward, the Black Prince or Edward of Woodstock
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He wrote a 3-volume Encyclopedia which included Logic and Mind. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of The Science of Logic and The Philosophy of Right.
Answer: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
[10] Hegel may be best known for this work, which uses a term coined by J.H. Lambert. It is broken down into sections like "Consciousness", "Self-Consciousness", and "Absolute Knowledge".
Answer: The Phenomenology of Spirit or The Phenomenology of Mind or Phanomenologie des Geistes
[10] Hegel defined this process as a concept passing over into its opposite because of its inherent contradictions. It is often stated as consisting of a thesis, antithesis, and synthesis.
Answer: dialectic
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His paintings include a representation of the Ukranian famine called Running Man. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Russian better known for Suprematist works such as an angled white square painted in a background of a different shade of white, appropriately titled White on White.
Answer: Kazimir Severinovich Malevich
[10] Running Man looks a bit like this sculpture by Umberto Boccioni, in which a vaguely human-like bronze figure strides forward with wisps of dynamism carved into his body.
Answer: Unique Forms of Continuity in Space or Forme uniche della continuita nello spazio
[10] Boccioni, along with Giacomo Balla and other Italians, belonged to this art movement, whose manifesto and cookbook were written by Filippo Marinetti.
Answer: Futurism
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Answer some questions about James Joyce, for 10 points each.,
[10] More accessible than Finnegans Wake, this exemplar of modernism by Joyce follows Stephen Dedalus and Leopold Bloom as they walk around Dublin on June 16, 1904.
Answer: Ulysses
[10] Stephen Dedalus had earlier appeared in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, where he is infatuated with this girl, to whom he writes the godawful villanelle "Are we not weary of ardent ways?"
Answer: Emma Clery (accept either) or E.— C.—
[10] Most of Joyce's short stories are collected in Dubliners, including this one, in which Gabriel Conroy hears his wife Gretta tell him about a former lover of hers, Michael Furey.
Answer: "The Dead"
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Name these rivers of the western United States, for 10 points each.,
[10] This river's tributaries include the Snake and Willamette. Its namesake gorge cuts through the Cascades, and its drainage basin lies partly within a namesake Canadian province.
Answer: Columbia River
[10] This tributary of the Colorado River rises in the Elk Mountains, and Coolidge Dam lies upon it. Its tributaries include the Salt River, and its namesake lizard is protected in Arizona, where much of this river lies.
Answer: Gila River
[10] This river, sometimes called the River of No Return, breaks off from the Snake River at the Idaho-Oregon border, and cuts east across most of Idaho.
Answer: Salmon River
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This ruler's nephew, Cuauhtemoc, was the last ruler of his polity. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this emperor whose subjects beat up some enemies during La Noche Triste after his capture.
Answer: Montezuma II or Moctezuma II or Moteuczoma II or Moteuczoma Xocoyotzin
[10] Montezuma II was a ruler of this Mexican empire conquered by Hernan Cortes.
Answer: the Aztec empire or Tenochca (prompt on Mexica)
[10] The Aztec empire began as this confederation of cities formed against the Tepanecs. It shares its name with the victors and namesakes of a war that destroyed much of Paraguay's adult male population.
Answer: the Aztec Triple Alliance
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These regions contain aquifers and sinkholes, as well as nice caverns. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this rough type of landscape formed by the dissolution of stones such as dolomite by carbonic acid.
Answer: karst topography
[10] Along with dolomite, this stone is often dissolved to create karst topography. It is composed mostly of calcite, and can form from old shells.
Answer: limestone
[10] Limestone is this type of rock, which is formed from the accumulation and compaction of layers of mineral or organic substances.
Answer: sedimentary rock
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these Titans, for 10 points each.,
[10] This being fathered six of the Olympians with Rhea and ate his sons, until Zeus was swapped out for a rock and grew up to release his brothers-in-stomach. Bummer.
Answer: Cronos (do not accept Saturn, as, in Roman mythos, he did not father Ceres)
[10] This other Titan was the only one of his brothers who refused to revolt against Uranus. He later married Tethys and took his position as the river encircling the Earth.
Answer: Oceanos
[10] This Titan was the father of Prometheus, Epimetheus, and Atlas, probably with the nymph Clymene.
Answer: Iapetus
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A young Felix Mendelssohn conducted this piece in 1829, leading to a revival of its composer's works. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Baroque-era description of the life of Jesus.
Answer: The Passion according to St. Matthew or St. Matthew Passion or Matthauspassion or BWV 244
[10] Another important liturgical work by the composer of the St. Matthew Passion is this compendious 27-movement mass, his only complete setting of the Ordinary.
Answer: Mass in B Minor or Messe in h-Moll or BWV 232
[10] This man wrote the St. Matthew Passion and Mass in B Minor, as well as The Well-Tempered Clavier and The Art of the Fugue.
Answer: Johann Sebastian Bach
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
At the end of this work, Alquist declares two of the title characters, Primus and Helena Glory, to be the new Adam and Eve. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play about a factory managed by Harry Domain.
Answer: R.U.R.
[10] This Czech author wrote The Makropoulos Affair and R.U.R.
Answer: Karel Capek
[10] In this novel, Captain van Toch trades weapons for killing sharks with the title creatures for a fortune in pearls, but the greed of his successors upset them into action.
Answer: War with the Newts (or Salamanders) or Valka s mloky
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
These diagrams look along one bond of a molecule and arrange the rest of the molecule around it symmetrically. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these projections which use a dot and a circle to represent the front and back portions of that bond.
Answer: Newman projection
[10] Newman projections can be used to represent these hydrocarbons containing a carbon-carbon triple bond.
Answer: alkynes
[10] Alkynes are produced from aldehydes in this reaction, whose first step, similar to the Wittig reaction, reacts an ylide with the aldehyde to create dibromoalkene.
Answer: Ramirez-Corey-Fuchs reaction

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