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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 EFT Tossups by Guy Tabachnick 1
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Iosif Shklovsky proposed that the amorphous mass in the center of this object, delineated by Baade and Minkowski, emits polarized light from high-energy electrons spiraling in a magnetic field, which Oort and Walraven called synchrotron radiation. It shows Rayleigh-Taylor Instability in its characteristic fingers. First observed by John Bevis, it is located in the constellation Taurus, and was originally mistaken for a comet by Charles Messier, who made it the first object in his knew catalog. This object's namesake pulsar lies at its center, the collapsed core of a star that collapsed in 1054, producing the supernova which created this object. For 10 points, name this pulsar wind nebula which, with its cloudy center encapsulated by tendrils, kind of looks like a crustacean.
Answer: the Crab Nebula (prompt on M1 before "Messier")
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This band's songs include a collaboration with D12 about the September 11th attacks called "911", and a guzheng is featured on their song "Hong Kong". One song by this group begins with a voice yelling "Hello? Is anyone there?", Besides "M1 A1" and "Rock the House", this band's first album contains a song which later had a "Soulchild Remix", "19-2000", which features the hook "Get the cool shoeshine." Another album has one song with a children's chorus singing "They ain't got a chance / I need a gun / Cos all I do is dance". Besides "Kids with Guns" and "Dare", another song on this album has the bridge "Windmill, windmill for the land. / Love forever hand in hand." The singers of "Clint Eastwood", for 10 points, name this virtual band created by Jamie Hewlett and Damon Albarn, whose album Demon Days includes "Dirty Harry" and "Feel Good, Inc."
Answer: Gorillaz
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A small French army fought for the losing side of this battle under a man named Sinfray. The main tactic of this battle was probably conveyed by an Armenian merchant named Khwaja Petruse to William Watts. The losing side had two-thirds of its army sit around and watch on the first day of this battle, when, around noon, a rain storm struck which damaged the losing side's gunpowder, as they were too inexperienced to cover it. This battle was a result of the breakdown of the Alinagar Treaty, signed four months earlier. The English camp was set up near the namesake mango grove on the River Bhagarathi, and during it, Mir Jafar defected, sealing the fate of Siraj-ud-doula, the Nawab of Bengal. Taking place a year after the capture of Fort William, which included the Black Hole of Calcutta, for 10 points, name this battle in which Robert Clive led the British East India Company to victory, leading to the annexation of Bengal.
Answer: Battle of Plassey or Polashir Juddho
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The first stylistic direction in this piece is given a third of the way through, to the sopranino saxophone, marked expressivo and vibrato. At one point, the bassoon takes over one rhythm from the flute when the oboe d'amore comes in, while the main theme is shared at different times by a celeste, two piccolos, and a horn; and a flute and a muted trumpet. The aforementioned ostinato rhythm consists of eighth-notes and triplets, played throughout on a snare drum. Written for Ida Rubenstein, the end of this piece features trombone glissandi responding to a brief key switch from C major to E major when the trumpets loudly transpose the main theme upward, capping off about fifteen minutes of build-up. For 10 points, name this ballet which features two simple themes repeated over and over again, a work named after a Spanish dance by Maurice Ravel.
Answer: Bolero
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One character in this work makes a riddle whose answer is "courtship", and praises the title character for a watercolor she makes of her friend. Early in this work, a party features the gossipy spinster Miss Bates, and Mrs. Goddard, who runs a boarding school and brings a student. One character had a son named Frank; that man, Mr. Weston, later marries the title character's governess, Miss Taylor, while Frank marries Jane Fairfax. Arabella Hawkins is married to Mr. Elton, who rejects the schemings of the title character. A farmer in this work, Robert Martin, is considered unsuitable for the title character's friend Harriet Smith, but they eventually wed, as do the title character and George Knightley. For 10 points, name this novel about the titular matchmaking Miss Woodhouse, a work by Jane Austen.
Answer: Emma
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One of these texts includes "The Stupid Man and The Salt" and "Pishacha Ghosts", two of its namesake Hundred Parables, while another is named after its Forty-Two Sections. One of these, featuring a gathering of twelve thousand monks, was the sole object of devotion of the Nichiren sect, as its second chapter states that the text itself is the highest form of dharma, while another involves Avalokiteshvara practicing prajna paramita, and ends with the mantra "Gate gate paragate parasamgate bodhi svaha". Many of these begin with the phrase "Thus have I heard", while several feature the disciple Subhuti, including one which compares his master's teachings to more impermanent items like a bubble in a stream. Including the Heart, Diamond, and Lotus ones, for 10 points, name these scriptures used often in Mahayana Buddhism, as well as in Hinduism, like the one of Kama.
Answer: sutras or suttas (prompt on "Buddhist texts" or similar)
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The phenomenon of water oscillating across an entire body, known as a seiche, was first studied in this entity, whose water levels are controlled by the Seujet Dam. The Dranse and Venoge rivers are tributaries which flow into this body of water, on whose shores are the region of Lavaux. A peninsula which contains the village of Yvoire separates this body of water's smaller western half from its larger eastern half, which ends at Montreux. This body of water shares its name with a small city in Wisconsin, and part of it lies in France's Haute-Savoie departement. Lying on the path of the Rhone river, cities along it include Lausanne and its namesake. Also known as Lake Leman, for 10 points, name this crescent-shaped lake, the largest freshwater lake in Europe, named after the second most populous city in Switzerland.
Answer: Lake Geneva or Lac de Geneve (accept Lake Leman or Lac Leman before mentioned)
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In a fetus, ghrelin is produced more in this organ than in the stomach, which is reversed in full-grown organisms. One bulge on this organ's surface is called the omental tuber, while some people have a second duct in this organ, known as the duct of Santorini. A lack of this organ's namesake polypeptide is linked to obesity in rats. This organ produces trypsinogen, the zymogen form of trypsin. One type of cell in this organ is stimulated by cholecystokinin and secretin. This organ's duct of Wirsung meets the bile duct at the ampulla of Vater, and transports enzymes produced by its acinar cells to the duodenum. For 10 points, name this organ whose islets of Langerhans secrete glucagon and insulin.
Answer: pancreas
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In the first section of this work, four Rivers Come Forth; that section, like several others, begins with an italicized portion, this one subtitled "1400". In the title of one section, the author tells a land mass, "I Do Not Invoke Your Name in Vain", while another describes how the title people, including Valdivia, "Come Through the Islands". The last section of this work ends "I End Here", and includes parts like "The Frontier" and "The Slingman", "I Am". This work begins with "The Lamp of the Earth", and other sections in it include "The Earth's Name is Juan" and two named for "The Liberators" and "The Conquistadors". The last poem in its second section begins, "Rise up to be born with me, my brother." Including "The Heights of Macchu Picchu", for 10 points, name this encyclopedic cycle of poems about South America by Pablo Neruda.
Answer: Canto General
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One man of this name was held back by a Perpetual Edict, while the reaction against an earlier document of that name helped the cause of the other man of this name. That man supported "the Compromise", backed by his brother Louis and Count Brederode; the city of Brill was captured for that man by those he had supported, the Sea Beggars. The other man of this name had his rule in Scotland legitimized by the Claim of Right and was declared king in England when the last Convention Parliament approved the Declaration of Rights. One man of this name was killed by Balthasar Gerard to collect a reward offered by Philip II after he spent years fighting the Duke of Alba, while the other was victorious at the Battle of the Boyne and ascended to the throne with his wife by the Glorious Revolution. For 10 points, give this name shared by an early leader of the Dutch revolt against Spain and an English king who married Mary II.
Answer: William of Orange
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This man fought the Amazons with his Phrygian allies Otreus and Mygdon at the River Sangarius, whose daughter he would later marry, and his killer also killed his grandson, Astyanax. Originally named Podarces, he was the only one of his brothers spared by Heracles when this man's father refused to pay Heracles his reward for saving this man's sister Hesione from a sea-monster. In one story, his youngest son was killed by the Thracian king Polymestor for his gold, and another son marries his brother's widow and settles in Epirus, where he tells Aeneas' future. Besides Polydorus and Helenus, this man's other children included Cassandra and Deiphobus. Killed at the altar of Zeus by Neoptolemus, the son of Achilles, one of this man's sons married Andromache, while another killed Achilles after stealing Helen from Menelaus. For 10 points, name this father of Hector and Paris and wife of Hecuba, the last king of Troy.
Answer: Priamos (accept Podarces before mentioned)
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Mark Satterthwaite discussed this statement in explaining why a creation of Jean-Charles de Borda fell short, and it is similar to the Duggan-Schwartz theorem. A specialized statement similar to this one is was proved at infinity by Mark Fey and is known as May's theorem. [needs a bit more meat here] Introduced in Social Choice and Individual Values, this statement considers the axioms of universal domain, completeness and transitivity, positive association, independence of irrelevant alternatives, non-imposition, and non-dictatorship. For 10 points, name this theorem which states that social choice mechanisms like voting can never satisfy all the ideal criteria, formulated by Kenneth Arrow.
Answer: Arrow's impossibility theorem (accept General Possibility Theorem)
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The application of this quantity induces birefringence proportional to the square of its intensity in the Kerr effect. At boundaries between media, the parallel component of this quantity must be continuous and the vibrations induced in a material by this quantity when it is oriented in the plane of incidence is responsible for the existence of Brewster's angle. The curl of this quantity is equal to the negative partial derivative of the magnetic field with respect to time, as shown in one form of Faraday's law of induction, and it splits atomic field lines through the Stark effect. Absent in a Faraday cage, this vector decreases with an inverse-square relation to distance from a point charge. For 10 points, name this property measured in newtons per coulomb or volts per meter and calculated for a given distribution of charges by Gauss's law, which represents the strength of the electrostatic force on an arbitrary test charge.
Answer: electric field
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One visitor to this polity's capital described how its women are oversexed and age about twice as quickly as Chinese women, Zhou Daguan. The first ruler of this empire adopted a Shaivite ritual, perpetuated by his successors, in which the king's sacred personality was preserved in a lingam in a temple mountain. In the thirteenth century, this empire adopted Theravada Buddhism, despite its rulers' reliance on intricate, time-consuming rituals; this came along with its decline and ultimate downfall to the Ayutthaya kingdom in 1431. Its first ruler established capitals at Indrapura and Roluos after supplanting Land and Water Chenla, Jayavarman II. One king of this empire soundly defeated the neighboring Champa state, and created a temple which represented Mount Meru. Including Suryavarman II, who built Angkor Wat, for 10 points, name this empire that ruled for 600 years in medieval Cambodia.
Answer: Khmer empire (accept Angkor period before mentioned)
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This thinker's lecture notes and marginalia were collected in Manuscript Remains, and replied to Goethe's earlier treatise with his On Visions and Colours. "On the Basis of Morality" was one of the two essays in this thinker's Two Fundamental Problems of Ethics. His doctoral dissertation sets forth physical, logical, mathematical, and moral necessities as the title entity in On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason. He wrote an essay collection consisting of one volume of essays such as "Sketch of a History of the Doctrine of the Ideal and Real", and another volume of "Stray yet systematically arranged thoughts on a variety of subjects". One title concept of one of his works is how things present themselves through experience, while another is the world in itself, beyond how human knowledge can define it. For 10 points, name this author of Parerga and Paralipomenon and The World as Will and Idea.
Answer: Arthur Schopenhauer
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The title character of one of this composer's works says that everyone knows how good the people she grew up with are in the aria "Chacun le sait", while in another work, the title character and her lover sing the parting duet "Verranno a te sull'aura" at the end of Act I. One of his operas features "Ardon gl'incensi" and "Spargi d'amaro pianto" as the two parts of one scene, while in another, the aria "Ah! mes amis, quel jour de fete!" is sung by the Tyrolian peasant Tonio, who is in love with the title orphan, Marie. In another of his operas, the success of the title object causes the lover of Adina, Nemorino, to sing the aria "Una furtiva lagrima". In the aforementioned Mad Scene, the title character crazily stabs her betrothed Arturo to death. For 10 points, name this composer of operas like The Daughter of the Regiment, The Elixir of Love, and Lucia di Lammermoor.
Answer: Gaetano Donizetti (accept The Daughter of the Regiment or La fille du regiment before "composer")
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Goto and Hayashi found that using a diarylprolinyl silyl ether can reverse the stereoselectivity of this reaciton, which is also catalyzed by Seelig's ribozymes. Woodward epimerized the product of this reaction in his total synthesis of cholesterol and cortisone. This reaction occurs rapidly using N-methylmaleimide and certain dendralenes, while one form of it, using maleic anhydride, is known as the Wagner-Jauregg reaction. The stereochemistry of this reaction can be predicted by the "endo" rule, and it requires one component to be in the s-cis phase. This reaction combines two pi-electrons of one component with two pi-electrons of the other to create two new sigma-bonds. For 10 points, name this reaction of a conjugated diene and a dienophile, usually an alkene, to produce a cyclohexene, named for two Germans.
Answer: Diels-Alder reaction
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Silva Vicarro is implied to have impregnated Flora Meighan in one play by this author, while in another, later reworked into The Eccentricities of a Nightingale, John Buchanan chooses Nellie Ewell over her teacher, Alma Winemiller. Besides Twenty-seven Wagons Full of Cotton, Catharine Holly is ultimately able to tell her story about her cousin in another work. One of this author's works is set in a hotel whose inhabitants include Nonno, who recites poems from memory, and his portrait-drawing granddaughter, Hannah Jelkes, as well as the alcoholic former priest T. Lawrence Shannon, while another work is about Sebastian Venable. Besides Summer and Smoke and Suddenly Last Summer, this author wrote about Jim O'Connor, who calls upon Laura Wingfield. For 10 points, name this playwright of The Night of the Iguana and The Glass Menagerie who wrote about the Pollitts and Blanche DuBois in Cat on a Hot Tin Roof and A Streetcar Named Desire.
Answer: Tennessee Williams or Thomas Lanier Williams (accept Twenty-seven Wagons Full of Cotton before "author")
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The outside of this work shows a hermit to the right holding a lantern for a burly man carrying a baby on his back with a long, flowing red robe. A servant carries a basket on her head on the outside of the left panel, where a pregnant Mary is greeted by Elizabeth on a porch, while on the right panel, Joseph kneels, holding two doves, next to a red-robed Simeon holding the baby Jesus and looking upward next to a black column. At the bottom right of the center panel is a rock on a page with Hebrew lettering and a metal plate, resting next to the bottom of a ladder. Two women kneel at the bottom right, the left one tugging at her dress with her right hand, while a man in blue standing above them reaches his arms out toward the main figure. In all, eight people surround the pallid main figure, one holding his burial shroud in his mouth, and others holding his weight as blood drips from his right side onto his loincloth. For 10 points, name this triptych by Peter Paul Rubens which shows a dead Jesus being carried down.
Answer: Descent from the Cross (accept equivalents)
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Late in life, this man devised a lottery scheme to pay for public projects which collapsed, forcing Barry Goldwater's grandfather to provide refunds, and tried to bring in eastern investors with The Resources of Arizona. Besides a 10-year stint as governor of that territory, this man was replaced as a civil war general by David Hunter, and then H.W. Halleck. After one expedition caused a battle with Jose Castro, this man met up with the naval forces of Robert Field Stockton and defeated Mariano Vallejo at Sonoma. Later court martialed by Stephen Kearny, that action led to the appointment of William B. Ide as commander of the Bear Flag Republic. After briefly serving as governor, and then senator, from California, his running mate was William L. Dayton in an election he lost to James Buchanan. For 10 points, name this man known as the Pathfinder, the Republican Party's first presidential candidate in 1856.
Answer: John Charles Fremont
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This author wrote a set of Spiritual Exercises including sections like "The March", broken up into four Steps, and "The Silence". Besides The Saviors of God, in one novel by this author, the protagonist's boyhood friend, the husband of Emine, kills his brother Manusakas; that man, Nuri Bey, later commits suicide, while the main character dies holding the head of his nephew, the husband of Noemi, before he can finish saying the titular rallying cry. In another work, Pavli dies after falling in love with a widow. The title character of one of his works has many children with Mary and Martha at the same time before being revisited by his disciples, whereupon he is put back on the cross and realizes he has been tricked by Satan, while another works in a coal mine and sleeps with Madam Hortense. For 10 points, name this author of Freedom or Death, The Last Temptation of Christ, The Odyssey: A Modern Sequel, and Zorba the Greek.
Answer: Nikos Kazantzakis
 
2009 EFT Bonuses by Guy Tabachnick 1
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In the best-known depiction of this scene, a yellow sun peeks out from behind a black cloud dominating much of the canvas. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this scene shown in the painting Snow Storm.
Answer: Hannibal and his army crossing the Alps (accept equivalents)
[10] Snow Storm was painted by this British lover of vague wisps and orange tones, as seen in such paintings as The Fighting Temeraire and Rain, Steam, and Speed.
Answer: Joseph Mallard William Turner
[10] In this Turner painting, the title vessel fights against a storm while white birds and floating dead body parts mix in with the rocky sea at the bottom.
Answer: The Slave Ship
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On this holiday, participants sing a song about making noise with a gragger. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this holiday which also includes reading from the Megillah.
Answer: Purim or Lots
[10] The Megillah is another name for this book of the Bible, in which Haman, the advisor of Ahasuerus, tries to kill off all the Jews, but is stopped by Mordechai, the cousin of the title character.
Answer: the Book of Esther
[10] Purim takes place during this month. According to the Hebrew calendar, a second month of this name is inserted seven every nineteen years as a leap month.
Answer: Adar
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Name some works by Thomas Mann, for 10 points each.,
[10] The title "confidence man" of this book goes to Paris on the advice of his godfather, Herr Schimmelpreester, where he works at a hotel and takes the name Armand. He then goes to Lisbon as the Marquis de Venosta.
Answer: Confessions of Felix Krull, Confidence Man: The Early Years or Bekenntnisse des Hochstaplers Felix Krull. Der Memoiren erster Teil
[10] In this short story, the humpbacked second title character, Cipolla, is shot by the first title character during a performance.
Answer: "Mario and the Magician" or "Mario und der Zauberer"
[10] This novella features Gustav von Aschenbach, who falls in love with the Polish boy Tadzio before falling ill to cholera.
Answer: Death in Venice or Der Tod in Venedig
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In this process, gas escapes through a small hole into a vacuum. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this process often described using a square-root relation.
Answer: effusion
[10] This is that relation, which states that the rate of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of the molar mass of the gas. A similar law can be used for diffusion.
Answer: Graham's law of effusion
[10] This law states that the diffusion flux is equal to the negative product of the diffusivity and gradient of the material's concentration.
Answer: Fick's first law
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One side in this battle unleashed a thousand cattle to stampede upon the enemy, but this backfired when the other side used firearms, which scared the cattle and caused them to stampede back onto their own infantry. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this victory for Moroccan forces under Judar Pasha against Askia Ishaq II.
Answer: the Battle of Tondibi
[10] The Battle of Tondibi marked the end of this empire with capital at Gao, and whose leaders included Sunni Ali and Askia Muhammad.
Answer: the Songhai empire
[10] Another empire in the region of the Songhai was this one centered on Timbuktu. It was founded by Sundiata, and its greatest ruler was Mansa Musa.
Answer: the Mali empire
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This plot failed in killing one co-ruler, Giuliano, in the Florence Cathedral, but failed to murder his brother Lorenzo de' Medici. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this plot involving a namesake family of bankers.
Answer: the Pazzi Conspiracy
[10] Lorenzo de' Medici nonetheless died fairly young, and his death left a vacuum allowing this Dominican priest to come to power. He instigated the Bonfire of the Vanities and generally made Florence a not-so-fun place to be.
Answer: Girolamo Savonarola
[10] The Pazzi Conspiracy was backed by the fourth pope of this name, a fellow patron of the arts whose namesake chapel includes works like The Last Judgment.
Answer: Sixtus
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Microsoft's website shows a solution for this problem with asynchronous agents. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this problem in computer science which tries to figure out how to have people who don't talk to each other eat using an insufficient amount of utensils in harmony.
Answer: the dining philosophers problem
[10] The dining philosophers problem was proposed by this computer snob whose namesake greedy algorithm finds the shortest path for some graphs.
Answer: Edsger Wybe Dijkstra
[10] Prim's algorithm is similar to Dijkstra's, except it attempts to find this construct, the shortest subgraph of a weighted graph which contains all its vertices.
Answer: minimum spanning tree
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For 10 points each, answer some questions about your friend and mine, Micronesia.,
[10] The Micronesia subregion lies west of this other region. Some of the islands here make up a namesake French territory, including the Marquesas, the Tuamotus, and Tahiti.
Answer: Polynesia
[10] One island in Micronesia is this Chamorro-speaking U.S. territory with capital at Hagatna, the largest and southernmost of the Marianas.
Answer: Guam or Guahan
[10] This island, part of the Federated States of Micronesia, is best known for the gigantic doughnut-shaped stones used as currency, known as rai stones.
Answer: Yap or Wa'ab
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His religion-tinged works include The Necessity of Atheism and The Revolt of Islam. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of "Ozymandias" and "Ode to the West Wind".
Answer: Percy Bysshe Shelley
[10] At the end of this Shelley poem, made up of seven unusual twelve-line stanzas, the speaker asks the title force of nature to "my onward life supply . . . calm", and it begins by noting that "The awful shadow of some unseen Power / Floats through unseen among us".
Answer: "Hymn to Intellectual Beauty"
[10] This longer poem in Spenserian stanza, written to commemorate the death of John Keats, contains several instructions to "weep for" the title character.
Answer: "Adonais: An Elegy on the Death of John Keats, Author of Endymion, Hyperion, etc."
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This man served on the Supreme Court from 1910 to 1916, then was appointed Chief Justice in 1930, where he wrote such majority opinions as West Coast Hotel v. Parrish. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who lost to Woodrow Wilson as the Republican candidate in 1916.
Answer: Charles Evans Hughes
[10] Hughes was preceded as Chief Justice by this hefty former president, who advocated dollar diplomacy and probably lost the 1912 election due to the meddling of Teddy Roosevelt.
Answer: William Howard Taft
[10] Hughes wrote the majority opinion in a case involving the Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation which upheld this piece of New Deal legislation.
Answer: the Wagner Act or the National Labor Relations Act
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This artist's albums include My Favorite Things and A Love Supreme. FTPE:,
[10] Name this saxophonist whose playing was often referred to as "sheets of sound".
Answer: John William Coltrane
[10] This was Coltrane's first album full of his own compositions. It includes songs like "Naima" and "Mr. P.C.", the latter referring to bassist Paul Chambers, whose walking habits gave this album its title.
Answer: Giant Steps
[10] This other jazz saxophonist is best known for a bossa nova song created with Astrud and Joao Gilberto and written by Antonio Carlos Jobim, The Girl from Ipanema.
Answer: Stan Getz
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Name some model organisms, for 10 points each.,
[10] These aquatic critters, Danio rerio, are known for their transparent embryos and the stripes which give it its name.
Answer: Zebrafish
[10] Thomas Hunt Morgan's experiments with heredity were performed on these organisms, which have only four chromosomes and compound eyes.
Answer: Drosophila melanogaster
[10] Capecchi, Evans, and Smithies won the 2007 Nobel Prize in medicine for inactivating genes to create the knockout type of this frequently used lab creature.
Answer: Mouse or Mus musculus
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The title character's maidservant, Toinette, tries to stop his behavior, but he ignores her, and his second wife, Beline, tries to get his money. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play in which the title character rises from his death bed to confront Beline and give his approval of his daughter Angelique and her lover, Cleante.
Answer: The Imaginary Invalid or The Hypochondriac or Le Malade imaginaire
[10] This author wrote The Imaginary Invalid, as well as other French plays like Tartuffe.
Answer: Moliere or Jean-Baptiste Poquelin
[10] In this Moliere play, the title character, Monsieur Jordain, wants to be on the same level as Dorimene, and his daughter Lucile is able to marry her lover Cleonte only when he pretends to be the Grand Turk's son.
Answer: The Bourgeois Gentleman or The Would-Be Gentleman or Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme
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This thinker's polemical works include On There Only Being One Intellect. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Christian philosopher who defended orthodoxy against heresies in Summa Contra Gentiles.
Answer: Thomas Aquinas
[10] Aquinas is best known for this encyclopedic work broken into several hundred questions, which are grouped into treatises on topics like The Sacraments and The Theological Virtues.
Answer: Summa Theologica or Summa Theologiae
[10] In the Summa Theologica, Aquinas offers this many "ways", or proofs of the existence of God, including the argument of the first cause.
Answer: five (accept Five Ways or Five Proofs or Quinque viae)
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This is its composer's only symphony in five movements, and contains a "Merry gathering of peasants" interrupted by a fierce storm. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this symphony premiered at the same time as another of its composers in one epic concert.
Answer: Beethoven's Symphony No. 6 in F major or Beethoven's opus 68 or Pastoral Symphony, or Recollections of Country Life
[10] This other Beethoven symphony is famous for its opening motif of "fate knocking at heaven's door", or three shorts and a long.
Answer: Beethoven's Symphony No. 5 in C minor or opus 67
[10] This ballet by Beethoven features a storm in its introduction, in which the title Greek mythological figure runs through a forest to his two clay statues.
Answer: The Creatures of Prometheus or Die Geschopfe des Prometheus
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Answer some questions about the octopus in popular culture, for 10 points each.,
[10] Doctor Octopus was played by Alfred Molina in the second movie about this superhero, played by Tobey Maguire, whose alter ego is Peter Parker.
Answer: Spider-Man
[10] This hockey team's mascot is Al the Octopus, following the tradition of its fans throwing octopodes onto the ice for good luck.
Answer: Detroit Red Wings (accept either)
[10] A 2009 horror film starring Debbie Gibson pitted this gargantuan aquatic creature against Giant Octopus. In one scene, he leaps out of the ocean and attacks an airplane.
Answer: Mega Shark (accept Mega Shark versus Giant Octopus; prompt on "shark")
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This ruler's brother, Perdiccas III, was killed by Illyrians. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this king of Macedon who destroyed the Sacred Band of Thebes with help from his son, Alexander the Great.
Answer: Philip II of Macedon (accept either)
[10] The Sacred Band was destroyed in this 338 BC battle, in which Philip soundly defeated an alliance of states led by Athens and Thebes.
Answer: Battle of Chaeronea
[10] As a teenager, Philip spent some time as the hostage of this Theban general who won the Battles of Leuctra and Mantinea, the latter of which killed him.
Answer: Epaminondas
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Hyperons are baryons with one or more of these. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this second-generation quark, the third lightest.
Answer: strange quark
[10] This other quark is the counterpart of the strange quark.
Answer: charm quark
[10] Strange quarks were first encountered in these mesons, which consist of a strange quark and a down or up quark, one of which is an antiparticle.
Answer: kaons
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer some questions about thunder gods and their followers, for 10 points each.,
[10] This people's wind god, Kukulcan, may have just been a form of their rain god, Chac. Their literary output includes a story about the Hero Twins going down to Xibalba, the Popol Vuh.
Answer: Mayans
[10] Shango is the thunder god of these African people, whose orishas were brought to the new world in syncretic religions such as Santeria and Candomble.
Answer: Yorubans
[10] The thunder god of the pre-Christian peoples of this nation, Ukko, later got subsumed into the Christian God, and is often apostrophized as such in its epic poem.
Answer: Finland or Suomi
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The title character of this work has love affairs with Thea and Stella and befriends the crippled Einhorn while traveling around from Chicago to Mexico, New York, and Europe. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this modern-day picaresque novel.
Answer: The Adventures of Augie March
[10] This man wrote The Adventures of Augie March, as well as Herzog and Humboldt's Gift.
Answer: Saul Bellow or Solomon Bellows
[10] In this other Bellow novel, a disgruntled millionaire named Eugene leaves his wife Lily behind and explores Africa with the native guide Romilayu. He then gains favor with the Wariri tribe.
Answer: Henderson the Rain King

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