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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 EFT Tossups by Eric Mukherjee 2
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John Bly and Charles Rose were hung after this event, which one leader stated would lead to a "state of anarchy, confusion, and slavery". Samuel Adams, in response to this event, stated that rebellions in republics should be ended by execution. Its leader was once awarded a ceremonial sword by Lafayette. William Shepherd managed to head off the participants, while Benjamin Lincoln was authorized by Governor John Bowdoin to stop it. Co-lead by Luke Day, this uprising attacked the Springfield Armory. Calling for paper currency and mostly consisting of poor farmers, for 10 points, name this rebellion that resulted in calls for revising the Articles of Confederation, lead by a namesake Massachusetts veteran.
Answer: Shays' Rebellion
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This element blocks the flow of calcium through NMDA channels, while compounds containing this metal are used to treat eclampsia. The hairpin ribozyme requires this metal to fold, and the the CorA protein transports this element across bacterial membranes. It is weakly bonded to the terminal phosphate groups of ATP. EDTA is used to chelate this metal, and it is found in a compound that contains a phytol side chain. Its stabilizing effect on the backbones of nucleic acids makes it a necessary cofactor for DNA polymerase, meaning its chloride is used in PCR reactions. Also found at the center of the porphyrin ring of chlorophyll, for 10 points, name this metal present as a +2 ion in solution, with atomic number 12 and symbol Mg.
Answer: magnesium
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An April Fool's Day joke based off of this game features the protagonist being told "You're coming with me, Now mind your manners, and speak to no one. And for goodness sake, don't touch anything." A remake of this game inserts cows stuck in the interior of one location, which function as switches when hit. A sidequest in it forces you to quickly deliver a frog named for its eyeballs to a mad scientist nearby a lake who makes some eyedrops from said frogs, in exchange for an unbreakable replacement to the Giant's Knife. The playable character is made invulnerable when he is surrounded by a blue, octahedral shaped crystal named "Nayru's Love" in this game. This game is the first game to feature the playable character gaining a rotational degree of freedom for movement when he is engaged in z-targetting. For ten points, name this game that features such locales like Jabu Jabu's Belly and the Great Deku Tree, the first game for the Nintendo 64 that featured Link.
Answer: The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time
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The Noise of Time was written by an author exiled from this country, who wrote "He rolls the executions on his tongue like berries. / He wishes he could hug them like big friends from home." In addition to that epigram about a leader who is from this country, another author from this country was a woman who wrote "Requiem" and "A Poem without a Hero." Another author from this country wrote about a man who loved Parasha and describes an Etienne Falconet statue coming to life. That author also wrote a story in which a giant head, which is the brother of the evil wizard Chernomor that kidnaps Ludmilla, which forces Ruslan to rescue her. A dramatic novel set in this country sees the title character kill Lensky after dancing a bit too much with his fiance. For ten points, name this country home to the author of Yevgeny Onegin.
Answer: Russia
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In the CC-PP game, these are maximized across all participants, while profits are privatized. These are remunerated in the perfect application of a Lindahl tax, which results in a Lindahl equilibrium. These things can be modified by a certain type of tax, recently re-explained by William Baumol, that restores the market to efficiency. Those taxes were described in The Economics of Welfare and are known as Pigouvian taxes. Overeducation is an example of the "positional" variety of these things, which, according to one theorem, can be eliminated without intervention if payment is organized by all actors. For ten points, identify these things described by Coase's Theorem, unintentional factors that arise as a consequence of economic decisions, which include air pollution.
Answer: externalities
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This work borrows from the Gnostic concept of Aeons when it equates concentric heavenly spheres with angels, and it also states that using anthropomorphic language to describe God is heretical, leading to a notion of negative theology. This work also assigns 13 levels of prophecy, with Moses at the top. Its final section talks about the teaching of the mystical passage of Ezekiel's chariot, and explains away the problem of evil by stating most evils are created by men themselves. Written as a three-volume letter, this work also divides the 613 mitzvot into 14 sections, similar to the author's treatise on the Mishneh. Written in Arabic and translated into Hebrew by Ibn Tibbon, for 10 points, name this work of medieval philosophy, a tract on Jewish law by Maimonides.
Answer: Guide for the Perplexed
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One king of this polity subjugated the Arzawa kingdom, and under Tudhaliya I it managed to expand into Luwian territory. This empire fell after an invasion by the Kaskas and Bryges, and one document written by this empire states that its subject made his enemies into the frontier of the sea during his conquests. Its early rulers took the title Labarna, and another ruler of this polity defeated the Mitanni kingdom and annexed large parts of Syria, Suppiluliuma I. Another one of its rulers fought in the largest chariot battle in history against Ramses II; that ruler was Muwatallis II, who achieved a victory at Kadesh. For 10 points, name this Indo-European empire found in Anatolia with capital at Hattusa.
Answer: Hittites
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The protagonist of this work recalls seeing a boy who was reading Tacitus while on a train and compares a modest man he knew in England to be as great as Goethe. Later on, the protagonist hears of a man who spent his time in the "Temple of Limpid Solitude." The protagonist of this work is asked "In a riddle whose answer is chess, what is the only prohibited word?" to which he responds "chess." That protagonist comes to realize that the novel of his ancestor was a work which tried to describe all permutations of outcomes before Captain Madden nearly finds him, as he had previously arrested Viktor Runeberg. Ultimately, Albert is killed in this work so that the protagonist's German masters know which town to bomb. For ten points, name this story about Dr. Yu Tsun, written by Borges.
Answer: "The Garden of Forking Paths"
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Katajainen, Pasanen, and Teuhola developed an in-place variation of this algorithm using a selection tree, based on a version by Kronod that used constant additional space. A tiled version of this algorithm stops at a particular array size, and this algorithm uses Theta(n) auxiliary space unlike heapsort. Tim Peters developed an intelligent version of this algorithm which is used in Python, and using the Master Theorem on its governing recurrence relation shows that it has both average and worst-case runtime of big-O of n log n. This algorithm operates by halving the list, recursively applying itself, then using a namesake fusion operation. For 10 points, name this divide-and-conquer algorithm that competes with quicksort.
Answer: merge sort
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One of this director's films is based off of a Marie Corelli novel that sees Geofferey Tempest tricked into becoming rich by Satan, and his first feature film had an actress who had worked with him in The Avenging Conscience and The Lonedale Operator. That work saw her as the title woman who beheads Holofernes. In addition to employing Blanche Sweet in many roles, this director created a film that describes how the title conidition caused the fall of Babylon, the crucifixion of Jesus and the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre in addition to ruining of many Americans lives, as well as a film based off of Thomas Dixon work. This director of Intolerance produced a film focusing on Silas Lynch trying to suppress a group that arose out of the U.S. Civil War. For ten points, name this director that portray the Ku Klux Klan in his Birth of a Nation.
Answer: David Wark Griffith
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This man made an etching of a solitary woman holding an umbrella and looking over her shoulder at a canoe, entitled Two are Company, Three are None. His watercolors include one depicting a black boy looking up at a palm tree, entitled A Garden in Nassau. He never finished his depiction of the rapids of the Saguenay River, and he depicted men sitting under umbrellas working at canvasses in his Artists Sketching in the White Mountains. Henry James criticized his painting of three brothers and their father sailing, while another one of his works depicts a group of boys in front of a small red house playing the title game. Another painting depicts a black man on a boat surrounded by sharks. For 10 points, name this American artist of Breezing Up, Snap-the-Whip, and The Gulf Stream.
Answer: Winslow Homer
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These particles are a topological defect in compact U(1) gauge theories, and they are equivalent to dyons with no charge. One of these without singularities is named for t'Hooft and Polyakov, while another derived from Yang-Mills theory has a potential of 1 over r everywhere and is named for Wu and Yang. Cabrera reported finding one of these using a SQUID on Valentines' Day, 1982, and Dirac showed that they imply the quantization of electric charge; however, they violate one of Maxwell's equations. For 10 points, name these particles ruled out by Gauss' Law for Magnetism, a particle with non-zero magnetic charge.
Answer: magnetic monopole
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One opponent of this polity was depicted riding on the back of a snail while fighting against it, and Elizabeth Demetrief created a Woman's Union for the Care of the Injured during its reign. This polity attempted to exchange Georges Darboy for one of its important figures, and Generals Thomas and Lecompte were shot during its reign. This polity saw the abolition of night work for bakers and the postponement of local debts. Its leaders were later exiled to New Caledonia, and it was opposed by a figure who was later replaced by Patrice MacMahon, Adolphe Thiers. Lead by the imprisoned Louis Blanqui and ending in the "Bloody Week", for 10 points, name this government that lasted about two months, a socialist polity headquartered in France's capital.
Answer: Paris Commune
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One character created by this man is Daniel, who plays dead in order to see Michael Dara declare his love for Dan's wife Nora Burke. Another of this author's characters is a priest who winds up wrapped in a sack, and curses Michael Byrne and Sarah Casey. Another of this author's characters is a saint who uses holy water to cure Martin and Mary, but they eventually go blind again. This author of In the Shadow of the Glen, The Tinkler's Wedding and The Well of the Saints also wrote a play about Pegeen who falls in love with the title character after he claims to have killed his father. For ten points, name this author that created Christy Mahon in his The Playboy of the Western World.
Answer: John Millington Synge
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One object created by this god is kept by Sinmara in a chest with nine locks, and is the only object that can kill Vidofnir. One of his children was turned into a wolf who tore his other son's throat out, and this brother of Helblindi and Bylest and creator of the wounding wand Laevatienn was born to figures whose names mean "leaf-island" and "cruel-striker", Laufey and Farbauti. He killed Fimafeng after insulting the other gods at a feast held by Aegir, and after one transgression he was tied to a tree underneath a venom-dripping serpent. This husband of Sigyn gave birth to Hel, Fenrir, and Jormungandr through his union with Angrboda. Known for orchestrating the death of Baldr, for 10 points, name this giant, a trickster figure of Norse mythology.
Answer: Loki
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One composition of this type and number evolved from the film score for The Flemish Farm and was written by Vaughn Williams. Phillip Glass's included sections of Ginsberg's Plutonian Ode, while and one contains a long B-flat bassoon raspberry at the end, written by Nielsen and titled "Simple." Another has some controversy about which order to perform the middle Andante and Scherzo movements. Another work of this name and number depicts flowing water in the strings in the "By the Brook" movement. For 10 points, identify these compositions which include Mahler's Tragic and Beethoven's Pastorale.
Answer: Sixth Symphonies
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Aschoff's recesses are present in the columnar epithelium of this structure, whose neck is adjacent to Hartmann's pouch. The artery that flows to it branches into Calot's vessels. Calcification of this structure occurs in a disease named for this organ's porcelain-like appearance under such a condition, and it attaches to the right side of the lesser omentum via the hepatoduodenal ligament. This organ contains a duct with a spiral fold, and it's emptied via the action of CCK from the intestine. Its cystic duct joins with the hepatic duct to form the common duct, and it's attached to the dorsal face of the liver. For 10 points, name this organ which is used to store bile, the site of gallstones.
Answer: gallbladder
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This battle occurred due to an attempt to stop Operation MO, which was to be immediately followed by Operation RY. Task Force 44 defended one path in this battle, while the main force was Task Force 17, which consisted of the Australia, Hobart, and Chicago. One side launched from a base at Tulagi, and a windstorm destroyed the Zuikaku at the beginning on this battle, which also saw the sinking of the Shoho. Frank Fletcher lead forces during this battle, which saw the destruction of the Lexington and subsequent rallying around the Yorktown. For 10 points, name this battle which prevented the invasion of Port Moresby and Australia, an allied victory against the Japanese navy in World War II.
Answer: Battle of the Coral Sea
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The fourth section of this work was to begin with a quote from a terrible Joni Mitchel poem until it was changed to a one word inquisitive response given by Richard Nixon. This book concludes that the G in Imipolex G doesn't stand for the Holy Grail, and that Kirghiz Light will appear to one character after spending time in a desert. One character in this work opposes the Phoebe Light Bulb Cartel, and that character Byron, is probably the coolest talking light bulb in all of literature. In this novel, Seaman Bodine is met aboard the John. E. Badass, and the protagonist discovers some top secret information about Operation Paperclip. This novel concludes with Captain Blicero firing rocket 00000 into outer space. For ten points, name this novel featuring the erection getting Tyrone Slothrop, written by Thomas Pynchon.
Answer: Gravity's Rainbow
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The sequel to this work uses the example of tigers in India to illustrate that things can be known either intuitively or representatively, and is called The Meaning of Truth. One of its sections discusses Vivekenanda's use of the Atman and the Whitman poem "To You" to describe when universal conceptions have meaning. It uses the example of a man chasing a squirrel around a tree to illustrate this works namesake method. Its opening section states that empiricism has no religion and rationalism has no facts, leading to "The Present Dilemma in Philosophy", and puts forth the dictum that truths come form facts. For 10 points, name this work espousing a namesake practical philosophy by William James.
Answer: Pragmatism
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Merriman's first words in this play take place while he delivers a card to a character who exclaims, "Horrid Political Economy! Horrid Geography! Horrid, horrid German!" That character's caretaker has just left to take a walk with Reverend Canon Chasuble, and after their departure, her guardian's brother arrives, whom she fears will "look just like everyone else." However, a problem arises when his best friend shows up and announces that his brother has died of a severe chill in Paris. This is similar to the later proclamation that Bunbury has been "quite exploded," during which we learn the true story behind the hand-bag at Victoria Station. Ending with the marriages of Cecily and Gwendolyn to two separate entities with the same fictional name, this is, FTP, which Oscar Wilde play featuring Algernon Moncrieff and Jack Worthing?
Answer: The Importance of Being Earnest
 
2009 EFT Bonuses by Eric Mukherjee 2
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He stated that the mind is more influenced by things learned when young in his Some Thoughts Concerning Education, and also wrote Essay Concerning Human Understanding. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this English political philosopher who outlined the right of revolution and separation of powers in his Two Treatises on Government.
Answer: John Locke
[10] John Locke wrote a treatise about the reasonableness of this belief system, whose "essence" was discussed in a work by Fuerbach and criticized by Bertrand Russell.
Answer: Christianity
[10] John Locke also created the inverted spectrum experiment, which was one of the first attempts at understanding this concept, which is studied by Dennet. It is the subjective quality of some sensory experience, like the redness of red.
Answer: Qualia
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This woman was taken hostage when Narragansett and Wampanoag Indians raided her town of Lancaster and kidnapped her and her three children. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this woman who wrote a namesake captivity narrative. It describes her time among the Native Americans as a temptation to join Satan, and she eventually succeeds in resisting.
Answer: Mary Rowlandson
[10] This Indian, was kidnapped by Magua and killed. The son of Chingachook, he is the titular The Last of the Mohicans.
Answer: Uncas
[10] This author wrote about Uncas in his The Leatherstocking Tales.
Answer: James Fenimore Cooper
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One character in this opera describes how her mother was burnt at the stake in the aria, "Stride la Vampa." FTPE:,
[10] Name this opera ending when the gypsy Azucena tells Count di Luna that the title character Manrico whom he had just executed was actually his brother.
Answer: Il Trovatore [accept The Troubadour]
[10] Il Trovatore is an opera by this Italian master who also composed Rigoletto and La Traviata.
Answer: Giuseppe Verdi
[10] The titular bandit of this Verdi opera based on a Victor Hugo play ultimately marries his lover Elvira, but the opera ends after he commits suicide by stabbing himself to fulfill an oath.
Answer: Ernani
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Identify the following things about chemical bonds found in DNA, FTPE:,
[10] The phosphate groups on free nucleoties are found on this end, which explains why a polymerizing DNA strand grows from this end.
Answer: 5 prime
[10] Phosphodiester bonds between two strands of DNA can be created by this enzyme, whose first isoform is important in joining Okazaki fragments together after the primer is removed.
Answer: DNA Ligase
[10] DNA Ligase can join both blunt-ended DNA and DNA with this type of end, in which one strand is slightly longer than the other. The restriction enzyme creates these kind of ends.
Answer: sticky ends or overhangs
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Following this event, its leader issued the Charter Oath, and during this event Tokugawa forces were defeated at the Battle of Ueno. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this event which saw Emperor Mutsuhito assume direct control of the Japanese government in 1868.
Answer: Meiji Restoration
[10] This rebellion against Meiji rule was triggered by the perceived poor treatment of former samurai in its namesake domain. Led by Saigo Takamori, it was quickly crushed by Japan's now-modernized army.
Answer: Satsuma Rebellion
[10] One of the first major foreign policy achievements of the Meiji government was the recognition of the independence of this nation at the Treaty of Kanghwa; that treaty also "opened" this nation to outside influence.
Answer: Korea
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In honor of the author's recent move, identify the following medical dramas, FTPE:,
[10] The title character of this show finds himself in a mental asylum at the beginning of the sixth season. Previous episodes have seen the suicide of Dr. Kutner and Lisa Cuddy's ongoing attempts to have a child.
Answer: House, MD
[10] This long-running medical drama recently ended. Its original cast featured George Clooney as Dr Doug Ross and Noah Wyle as John Carter.
Answer: ER
[10] This show starred Mandy Patinkin as the surgeon Dr. Geiger and Adam Arkin as Dr. Aaron Shutt. Taking place in the titular Midwestern city, it was cancelled in 2000 after six seasons.
Answer: Chicago Hope
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This woman was loved by Othronus and Coroebus, and was the first person to see her brother Hector's body brought back to Troy. FTPE:,
[10] Name this daughter of Priam and Hecuba who was cursed by Apollo to make no one ever believe her true prophecies.
Answer: Cassandra
[10] This wife of Agamemmnon doesn't approve of him taking Cassandra as a concubine, which is kind of rich because she's sleeping with Aegisthus. Orestes, her son, kills her.
Answer: Clytemnestra
[10] Cassandra scorned the love of this son of Hercules, who later pursued Laodice. Odysseus once revived him using the shavings of a spear that Achilles stabbed him with.
Answer: Telephus
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The Curie brothers discovered piezoelectricity in this mineral, which is composed of parallel corkscrews or helices of silica tetrahedra. FTPE:,
[10] Name this mineral whose varieties include chalcedony and amethyst.
Answer: quartz
[10] This mineral property describes the tendency of a crystal to break along irregular surfaces other than cleavage planes. Quartz exhibits the conchoidal variety of this property.
Answer: fracture
[10] The presence of stishovite formed from shocked quartz in this stratigraphic boundary layer is one piece of evidence in support of the Alvarez asteroid impact hypothesis explaining why no dinosaur fossils are found above it.
Answer: the K-T boundary layer or the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary layer
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This poem describes the "dead land" and "cactus land" where "they receive / The supplication of a dead man's hand / Under the twinkle of a fading star." FTPE:,
[10] Name this T.S. Eliot poem that describes the way the world ends: "Not with a bang, but a whimper."
Answer: "The Hollow Men"
[10] The fifth section of "The Hollow Men" describes people who go around one of these objects at five o'clock in the morning.
Answer: prickly pear
[10] The epigraph of "The Hollow Men" refer to this guy, by noting "he dead." This is also the name of the figure sought out by Marlow in a Joseph Conrad novel.
Answer: Mistah Kurtz
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The first of these conflicts, one side attacked a location called Negro Fort, which became its rallying cry, and recruited slaves to its side. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this series of conflicts fought with the namesake Indian tribe in Florida, of which the most famous is the second, when that tribe was led by Osceola.
Answer: Seminole Wars
[10] This general prosecuted the First Seminole War while the Second Seminole War flared up during his presidential administration when the Seminoles rejected the Treaty of Payne's Landing.
Answer: Andrew Jackson
[10] The Second Seminole War saw this 1835 defeat for the U.S. Army when most of the troops under the namesake major were killed by Seminoles who ambushed them near Fort King.
Answer: Dade Massacre
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This text makes a amazingly fine distinction in arguing that when judges uphold principles that are for individual rights, they are doing their jobs, but when they uphold policy, then they are not. For ten points each,,
[10] Name this book by legal theorist Ronald Dworkin, arguing that judges create, rather than interpret one of the title concepts.
Answer: Law's Empire
[10] Ronald Dworkin clashed frequently with Herbert Lionel Adolphus Hart frequently, who subscribed to the legal version of this school of thought. Associated with Auguste Comte, this philosophical method purports that knowledge is derived from actual experience.
Answer: positivism
[10] HLA Hart wrote a book about law, morality and this concept, whose "Active" form titles a Stephen Breyer book about judges maximizing it.
Answer: liberty
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This equation relates the time derivative and the Hamiltonian of wavefunctions. For ten points each,,
[10] Name this central equation of quantum mechanics.
Answer: the Schrodinger equation
[10] This physicist showed that the wavefunction can be interpreted in terms of probability densities. He also names an approximation with his student Oppenheimer.
Answer: Max Born
[10] Born's probabilistic interpretation is part of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics along with this principle enunciated by Bohr which states that matter can behave as a particle or as a wave, but not both simultaneously.
Answer: complementarity principle
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This Golden Age playwright adopted the fable of The Dog in the Manger into one of his own plays, but may be better known for a play about the Grand Master of the Order of Calatrava. For ten points each,,
[10] Name this playwright who was a contemporary of Calderon de la Barca.
Answer: Lope de Vega
[10] The title village of this Lope de Vega play features people Laurencia, who is kidnapped by the Commander. That character is killed by the title village.
Answer: Fuenteovejuna or The Sheep Well
[10] Lope de Vega was a playwright from this country, whose other literary works include The Family of Pascual Duarte and the works of Miguel Unamuno.
Answer: Spain
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Rulers of this dynasty included Prince Oleg, who transferred his capital to Kiev, as well as Vladimir I, who converted the Slavs to Christianity. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this dynasty, whose other rulers included Yaroslav the Wise, and its namesake, a Scandinavian chieftain who ruled Novgorod in the 9th century.
Answer: Rurikid dynasty
[10] This son of Basil III prosecuted the Livonian War and suppressed Novgorod. Ruling from 1547 to 1584, this Rurikid was notable for maintaining the oprichina, a secret police force, and being an all-around mean dude.
Answer: Ivan IV or Ivan the Terrible [prompt on partial answer]
[10] This son of Ivan the Terrible was the last Rurikid ruler. He was succeeded by Boris Godunov after dying without heirs.
Answer: Fyodor I or Theodore I
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It was originally rendered in black basalt and was made possible by a grant from the Virginia Dwan Gallery. FTPE:,
[10] Name this earthwork created in 1970 near Rozel Point on the shore of the Great Salt Lake in Utah.
Answer: Spiral Jetty
[10] This American sculptor who wrote the influential essay "Frederick Law Olmstead and the Dialectical Landscape" created Spiral Jetty along with his unfinished Amarillo Ramp.
Answer: Robert Smithson
[10] This now demolished piece of land art was created at Kent State in 1970 and was partially burned in a 1975 fire. Smithson used twenty truckloads of dirt to create the title structure.
Answer: Partially Buried Woodshed
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This man discovered that phosphorescence goes through a triplet state with Michael Kasha. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this American chemist, who classified acids and bases based on their ability to receive or donate electrons, and who has some namesake dot structures.
Answer: Gilbert Norton Lewis
[10] Lewis developed this quantity, and he names a rule with Randall regarding this quantity for components of ideal solutions. In general it is the tendency of a chemical to escape a phase.
Answer: fugacity
[10] Fugacity can be used to calculate chemical potential by taking its natural logarithm and multiplying by temperature times this constant, which also appears in the Arrhenius equation and definition of entropy.
Answer: Boltzmann's constant or kB
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Marijana cares for Paul Rayment in this author's novel Slow Man. FTPE:,
[10] Name this South African author of Waiting for the Barbarians and Disgrace.
Answer: John Maxwell Coetzee
[10] J.M. Coetzee described the life and times of this man, a gardener with a harelip that goes to Prince Albert for his mother's sake before returning to Cape Town.
Answer: Michael K [prompt on partial answers]
[10] The House on Eccles Street is a novel by this fictional author, the title character of one of Coetzee's novels. That aforementioned novel of hers tells the story of Ulysses through Molly Bloom's eyes.
Answer: Elizabeth Costello [either name is fine]
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One conflict of this name saw the battles of Aegina and Tangara, and was ended by a 5-year truce negotiated by Cimon. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this name also given to a second conflict between Sparta and Athens for control of the namesake peninsula.
Answer: Peloponnesian War
[10] Following the Battle of Amphipolis, at which both Spartan generals, Cleon and Brasidas, were killed, hostilities were interrupted by this truce, negotiated by its namesake. It lasted less than a year.
Answer: Peace of Nicias
[10] This decisive battle of the Peloponnesian War saw the Athenian fleet annihilated by Lysander. Besieged and left without its navy, Athens surrendered the following year.
Answer: Aegispotami
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One notable figure in this religion created a system to pay for free communal kitchens, and its God Vahiguru is sightless, timeless, and shapeless. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this Indian religion which venerates the Adi Granth and whose beliefs require them to keep a beard, carry a Kirpan dagger, and wear turbans.
Answer: Sikhism
[10] This figure, whose biography can be found in the Janamsakhis, is the first Guru of Sikhism. He was succeeded by Angad, who of his followers showed the most faith in him.
Answer: Guru Nanak Dev
[10] This fifth Sikh guru and successor to Ram Das compiled the Adi Granth and created the Masand system.
Answer: Guru Arjun Dev
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A precursor to this series that was based on the same inspiration is titled Head VI. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this series of three deconstructed pictures based on a Velasquez portrait of a pope.
Answer: Innocent X Series [accept Three Studies from the Painting of Innocent X by Velazquez]
[10] This crazy English artist did a series based on Velasquez's portrait of Innocent X along with depicting the Furies in Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion.
Answer: Francis Bacon
[10] Bacon did several works in this form including one inspired by the suicide of his lover George Dyer that is subtitled "May-June 1973." Another notable works in this form is Bosch's The Garden of Earthly Delights.
Answer: Triptych

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