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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 EFT Tossups by Dennis Jang 2
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The chase of the packet boat Hannah led to the torching of the Gaspee after it ran aground in this state. Sitting governor Samuel Ward King opposed a liberal constitution proposed in 1842, leading to the Dorr Rebellion in this state, which is better known for being home to present-day Portsmouth, which was founded by antinomian heretic Anne Hutchinson. FTP, name this American state initially colonized at Providence Plantation by Roger Williams?
Answer: Rhode Island
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William MacDougall called this man's ideas a "peculiarly American product" and attractive "to those who are are born Bolshevists." With Harvey Carr, this scientist demonstrated a rat's ability to become conditioned to a voluntary response in his "kerplunk" experiment, while he used his doctrine of "prediction and control" as a member of the J. Walter Thompson advertising agency. Sometimes credited with inventing the coffee break, he may be best known for working with Rosalie Rayner by creating loud noises to condition a small child to fear a white rat. FTP, name this American psychologist best known for the Little Albert experiment and for founding behaviorism.
Answer: John B. Watson
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In this painting, tall trees stand near a lustrous red building and its center, while the red tiled roofs form a ridge at its right. Two women stand near two bollards at the bottom left, while further left, several others stand on the quay. Among the buildings visible over the roofs is the Old Church, where its artist was buried, as well as Schiedam Gate. A clock on the gatehouse reveals that it is 7 AM, and light shining on the Middle Ground illuminates the New Church with an empty bell tower, while an arched opening near the town wall in the center allows for the canal that is present in the foreground. The Rotterdam Gate can be seen at the right of, FTP, which painting of the title city, created by Vermeer?
Answer: View of Delft
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Dr. MacPhail realizes that Sadie Thompson has seduced Reverend Davidson at the end of one of this author's short stories. This author of "Rain" also wrote about the love of Jim Blakeston and Tom for the title street girl in Liza of Lambeth. One of this author's works is subtitled "The Skeleton in the Cupboard" and concerns William Ashenden's relationship with the Driffields, while another work ends with the former aviator Larrey Darrel's return to America thanks to Isabel Bradley's actions. This author of Cakes and Ale and The Razor's Edge is perhaps best remembered for a novel whose protagonist falls in love with Emily Wilkinson and Mildred Rogers before marrying Sally Athelney. FTP, name this British author, the creator of the club-footed Philip Carey in Of Human Bondage.
Answer: W. Somerset Maugham
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A Thomson is defined as the quotient of a unit named after this man and the charge of an electron. This scientist rejected Newton's theory of chemical affinities in his New System of Chemical Philosophy, and he hypothesized that a discoloration of the aqueous humor caused a loss of color perception, a condition which he had. Like Maunder and Sporer, he has a namesake minimum of sunspot activity occuring immediately before the modern maximum. He proposed that atoms cannot be divided to smaller particles as part of his atomic theory, while he stated that the total pressure exerted by a mixture of gases is the sum of the individual gases in his law of partial pressures. The atomic mass unit is named after, FTP, which English chemist who stated that elements combine in whole number ratios in his law of multiple proportions?
Answer: John Dalton
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This man married Abigail after her first husband, Nabal, died for refusing him help during a time of need. Tamar, who was raped by Amnon, was the daughter of this man, who was challenged by Adonijah late in his life. The prophet Nathan's narrative about a poor man's loss of his single sheep caused this man to repent for an action that would cause his son Absalom to fight him a battle in the Wood of Ephraim. The best friend of Jonathan, he ordered the death of Uriah the Hittitte so that he could marry the former's wife, Bathsheba, which resulted in the birth of his son Solomon. FTP, name this king of Israel who succeeded his father Saul and killed some giant Goliath.
Answer: David
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Driving John McEnroe to a Paul McCartney concert and finding out what Alanis Morissette's song "You Oughta Know" is about are among the exploits of this character, after whom a sandwich containing whitefish, sable, cream cheese, capers, and onions is named. After being told that the Cones are his real parents, he has a revelation that convinces him to donate his kidney to Richard Lewis, who is also a client of his manager Jeff Greene. He co-stars with David Schwimmer in a run of The Producers, but he is preoccupied with trying to have sex with another woman as his anniversary gift from Cheryl Hines, who played his wife throughout most of its first six seasons. FTP, name this protagonist of HBO's "Curb Your Enthusiasm" who plays himself as the co-creator of Seinfeld.
Answer: Larry David
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The main character of this novel visits Guy Pollock's law office and learns of his affliction of the "Village Virus" shortly after meeting the Perry's at a dinner. Among the main character's friends are the maid Bea and the handyman Miles Bjornstam, the latter of which gets blamed for his son Olaf's death from typhoid, and the main character's suggestions to improve the Jolly Seventeen and the Thanatopsis Club, including an attempt to produce Androcles and the Lion, are unsuccessful. After one character begins a relationship with Maud Dryer and asks that the tailor Erik Valborg leave town, the main character takes her son Hugh and leaves for Washington. However, Carol returns home with Dr. Will Kennicott to Gopher Prairie by the end of, FTP, which novel by Sinclair Lewis?
Answer: Main Street
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This man divided poetry into narrative, dramatic, and parabolical in his work De Augmentis Scientiarum. "Natural History in Ten Centuries" is details in this man's Sylva Sylvarum, while his knowledge of classical allegory was demonstrated in his work The Wisdom of the Ancients. This author of The Advancement of Learning put forth the idea of four idols of the tribe, den, theater, and marketplace, and he described the organization of Solomon's House in one of his novels, in which Bensalem is the home of the title utopian society. FTP, name this English philosopher who wrote The New Atlantis and is credited with developing the scientific method in his Novum Organum.
Answer: Sir Francis Bacon [do not accept "Roger Bacon"]
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The Coppersmith-Winograd algorithm is the fastest known method for accomplishing this task, although its improvement over Strassen methods is only in extremely large cases. Kronecker and Hadamard are namesakes of non-standard ways of performing this, and accomplishing this for identical entities can be made simpler using the Cayley-Hamiton theorem by calculation of the characteristic equation from its eigenvalues. Ordinarily, this non-commutative task of order n-cubed can only be done if the first entity has the same number of columns as the number of rows in the second entity. FTP, name this mathematical operation performed on an array of numbers.
Answer: matrix multiplication [prompt on partial answer]
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Tydeus's eating of Melanippus's brain resulted in a promise of immortality being withdrawn by this deity, who accidentally killed a nymph of Lake Tritonis in one story. Cecrops was made merely a witness and not a judge in picking this deity over Poseidon to be the patron deity of his kingdom, and this deity gives a golden bridle to Bellerophon to riding Pegasus. This deity helps Telemachus learn more about Odysseus's journey, while Arachne claimed that she was a better weaver than this deity, who was the daughter of Metis and associated with the epithet "Pallas." Born fully armed out of Zeus's head, this is, FTP, which Greek goddess associated with owls, wisdom, and warfare?
Answer: Athena
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This ruler made a speech in which he declared that he was ready to hear "the cry of woe" in the event of aggression following a secret conference with Napoleon III at Plombieres. The head of cabinet under this ruler curtailed the power of ecclestiastical courts under Siccardi law, but that head was replaced in a process known as the connubio. Having taken the throne after Charles Albert abdicated following a defeat at Novara, this ruler, who was succeeded by Hubert I, was a supporter of the Expedition of Thousand, and his success at Castelfidardo was soon followed by his greatest achievement. During Risorgimento, Count Cavour served as prime minster for, FTP, which King of Sardinia who became the first king of a unified Italy?
Answer: Victor Emmanuel II of Italy
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In 2001, Goodstein published an analysis of this experiment's work and showed that its result would not have changed if all of the data points had been used. Subject of a 1978 analysis by Holton, it is believed that the omission of certain data was to avoid giving ammunition to Felix Ehrenhaft when Franklin examined the data in 1981; Ehrenhaft himself used a small condenser and calculated a similar result as this experiment. Carried out with its namesake's graduate student Harry Fletcher, it carried out its calculation by balancing gravitational forces with upward forces on particles suspended between parallel voltage plates. FTP, name this 1909 experiment that sought to measure the charge of the electron.
Answer: Millikan's oil drop experiment [all parts required, prompt on partial answer]
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A party takes place in Act Three of this play, during which one character performs a trick where the eight of spades ends up in an accountant's jacket pocket and a Stationmaster recites a poem by Alexei Tolstoy. The main character's brother's favorite phrase is "yellow ball in the side pocket," but he becomes angry when he hears Yasha use the phrase during the party, having just returned from an auction. The results of that auction force Varya and Trofimov to find winter plans in a new home, but Firs is accidentally left locked away after Liubov Ranyevskaya finally leaves the her childhood home. Lopakhin plans to convert the title estate into cottages in, FTP, which play by Anton Chekhov?
Answer: The Cherry Orchard
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In this conflict, the late arrival of Adhemar of Lu Puy's force forced the retreat of one side during one battle. Duqaq began to desert Kerbogha after Bohemond gained an advantage at the Battle of Orontes, and Walter the Penniless met Peter the Hermit in Constantinople after the former led a group in sacking Belgrade. Eventually ending at Ascalon, it resulted in the creation the County of Edessa by Baldwin and was originally a response to Alexius I's appeal for aid, but it resulted in the victorious army winning battles at Nicaea and Dorylaeum before needing seven months to take Antioch. Begun by Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont in 1095 , this is, FTP, which 1099 campaign that ended with the capture of Jerusalem?
Answer: First Crusade
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The operas Fierrabras and Alfonso and Estralla are among the works of this composer, whose four-handed piano works include his "Grand Duo" sonata and his Fantasia in F minor. This composer of the piano trio Notturno chose to double the cellos in his string quintet in C major, while another of his works utilized another work of his previously based on a poem by Matthias Claudius. This composer of the "Death and the Maiden" quartet also wrote the incidental music to Rosamunde and utilized both the double bass and the piano in a work describing its title creature eluding a fisherman. FTP, name this Austrian composer of the Trout Quintet, several lieder, and his eighth and "Unfinished" Symphony.
Answer: Franz Peter Schubert
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The Senate Majority leader felt that in a speech before Congress, this politician "hit a home run", to which that politician replied, "I hope the bases were loaded." Jaime Tadeo was appointed to represent the peasants' movement during the rule of this politician, who issued a new Family Code and closed the Batasang Pambansa. In addition to issuing the Freedom Constitution, this leader gained popularity due to demonstrations along EDSA as part of the People Power Revolution in 1986, during which Ferdinand Marcos fled into exile as she became the leader of her country. FTP, name this recently deceased former head of state, the first female president in Asia as leader of the Philippines.
Answer: Corazon Aquino
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For a period of eight months, this man fled to Hispania and was housed in a cave on the property of Vibius Pacacius, and he would emerge after Cinna's death and help to end Sulla's second Civil War by commanding troops at Colline Gate. Later meeting his downfall by clinging to his "testudo" formation, this man had earlier had his leadership reaffirmed at a conference at Luca. This politician had success in the Third Servile War, including a defeat of Spartacus, but his downfall came after his crossing of the Euphrates to seize Parthia, leading to his defeat at the Battle of Carrhae. FTP, name this Roman politician best remembered for his alliance with Pompey and Julius Caesar in the First Triumvirate.
Answer: Marcus Licinius Crassus
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Hansemann's work with dyed gelatin demonstrated the presence of two to six apertures in the septum of these structures, which has a boundary formed by at least one of the secondary type of cells found here and named after Kohn. DPLD is an affliction of these structures, while a lack of DPPC here may cause atelectasis. Squamous cells account for most of its surface area, while the secondary type of cells found here secrete surfactants to increase surface tension on these structures. Bronchioles lead to these structures, diseases of which include emphysema and bronchitis. FTP, name these tiny sacs of air, the site of oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange inside the lung.
Answer: alveoli
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One author from this nation wrote about a man who keeps dreams about the same city in "Nostalgia", while another author wrote about a marksman fighting against federal forces in The Underdogs. Another author from this nation wrote the short story "Tell Them Not To Kill Me!", which appears in his The Burning Plain, while the disappearance of Ambrose Bierce was written by this country's author of Where the Air of Clear. Hanuman journeys to Galta as the protagonist of The Monkey Garmmarian, which was written by a native of this nation, and this author also wrote about "From Independence to the Revolution" in his collection The Labyrinth of Solitude. FTP, name this nation, home to the writers Mariano Azuela, Carlos Fuentes, and Octavio Paz.
Answer: Mexico
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Before becoming regent, he attempted to overthrow William Longchamp during the Third Crusade, and his reign was supremely concerned with recovering land lost when Philip II of France declared his continental fiefs forfeit. Another controversy during his reign was that of Innocent III excommunicating this ruler for expelling Canterbury monks for refusing to accept Stephen Langton as Hubert Walter's successor. The more stringent imposition of scutage and the tightening of forest laws of this man culminated in his defeat at the hands of Philip at the Battle of Bouvines, leading to a meeting with rebels at Runnymede and the eventual signing of the Magna Carta before allegedly dying of poisoned ale or a "surfeit of peaches." Receiving his nickname for losing his territory to the French, this is, FTP, which English king, the last of the house of Angevins?
Answer: John Lackland
2009 EFT Bonuses by Dennis Jang 2
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Changes in the Consumer Price Index and the GDP Deflator are often used to calculate the rate of this phenomenon. FTPE:,
[10] Name this economic phenomenon, in which the level of prices of goods rises over a period of time.
Answer: inflation
[10] Empirical studies have shown that the rate of unemployment is inversely related to the rate of inflation in a given economy, which is known as this graph. It is named after its New Zealand discoverer.
Answer: Phillips curve
[10] One way of targeting inflation is through this monetary-policy rule. Named after its inventor, a Stanford economist, it takes into account the relative values of economic activity and short term interest rates.
Answer: Taylor rule [Taylor's rule is also okay]
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A poem by Pushkin was the basis for his opera The Tale of Tsar Sultan, while his Russian Easter Overture was dedicated to two other members of the Mighty Five. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Russian composer whose works include Capricio espagnol and Scheherazade.
Answer: Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
[10] In Rimsky-Korsakov's The Tale of Tsar Sultan, this section is performed after the Swan-Bird transforms the Tsar's son into the title insect. It has since become a popular orchestral work.
Answer: "Flight of the Bumblebee"
[10] This other Rimsky-Korsakov opera sees the title character's demise result from her announcement of love for Mizgir, after which she melts. Mizgir then drowns himself in the lake. A cheery play, don't you think?
Answer: The Snow Maiden
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It was during his rule that a royal charter was granted to the Hudson'sBay Company, while Titus Oates invented the Popish Plot during his reign. FTPE:,
[10] Name this English ruler who ruled from 1660 to 1685 having fled to Europe in 1651 following a defeat at the Battle of Worcester.
Answer: Charles II [prompt on partial answer]
[10] Charles II came to power following the Interregnum period, which saw the rule of this man. He attempted to replace the Rump Parliament with the Barebone's Parliament, approved the Navigatoin Act of 1651, and became lord protector under the Instrument of Government.
Answer: Oliver Cromwell
[10] This failed English plot planned to assassinate Charles II following his return from Newmarket in 1863. Lord William Russell and Algernon Sidney were the Whig leaders convicted as conspirators.
Answer: Rye House Plot
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While the two nuns attempt to tell the title character that she would have "purity of motive," Cornudet is the only character who refuses to partake in their plan to continue to Havre. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1880 short story in which Elizabeth Rousset, the title prostitute, finally yields to the Prussian officer, allowing her and her fellow passengers to continue on their trip.
Answer: "Boule de suif" or "Ball of Fat"
[10] "Boule de suif" was written by this author, who wrote an invisible spirit that drinks the water from the carafe near his bed in "The Horla" and about Madame Loisel's loss of the title piece of jewelry in "The Necklace."
Answer: Guy de Maupassant
[10] Maupassant wrote "Love: Three Pages from a Sportsman's Sketches." This Russian author wrote the collection A Sportsman's Sketches, along with a work about Kirsanov and Bazarov called Fathers and Sons.
Answer: Ivan Turgenev
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White's test and the Breusch-Pagan test attempt to determine whether this entity in a regression is constant. FTPE:,
[10] Name this measure of statistical dispersion, the second moment of a random variable. It can be calculated by averaging the squared distance between the values of a random variable and said variable's mean.
Answer: variance
[10] The assumption of constant variance is key to this regression technique, developed by Gauss. The Gauss-Newton method is used to solve the non-linear version of these problems.
Answer: ordinary least squares regression
[10] Gauss, along with this man, name a theorem that states that linear models with uncorrelated errors with an expectation of zero have best, linear unbiased estimators given by OLS. He also did a lot of work with stochastic processes.
Answer: Andrey Markov
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Name these candidates for AL MVP in 2009, FTPE:,
[10] Statistics like UZR show that this MVP runner-up to Justin Morneau in 2006 has seen marked defensive improvement as part of his MVP candidacy. Oh, and he's the Yankee captain and shortstop.
Answer: Derek Jeter
[10] Most people think that this Minnesota catcher deserves to be MVP. As of the time of this question's writing, he was sporting a .371 batting average, and he was the first catcher to win the batting title twice.
Answer: Joe Mauer
[10] 2009 saw the breakout season of this Tampa Bay Rays utility man. Playing primarily second base this year, he could be an MVP candidate if one considers his wins above replacement, which would be worth $33.4 million on the free agent market.
Answer: Ben Zobrist
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Coined by Herbert Blumer, it was studied to great length in Erving Goffman's The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. FTPE:,
[10] Name this theory that human communication takes place through words and gestures that have certain meanings.
Answer: symbolic interactionism
[10] Symbolic interactionism was emphasized at this university's school of sociological and criminological thought. A perhaps better known movement at this university is its school of economics, which favors neoclassical price theory and is the alumnus of Milton Friedman.
Answer: University of Chicago school
[10] Among the current theories of criminology is strain theory, which posits that the societal environment is what causes people to become criminals. One of the main theorists behind strain theory is this American, the author of Social Theory and Social Structure and On the Shoulders of Giants.
Answer: Robert King Merton
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Martin-Bell syndrome occurs when a change in the FMR1 protein occurs on this entity, causing it to be fragile. FTPE:,
[10] Name this biological entity that determines the sex of many animal species. Two of these are found in the cells of female people.
Answer: X chromosome
[10] While females have two X chromosomes, this is the name for the condensed, inactivated one. It is created by expression of XIST transcripts, and histone macroH2A localizes here.
Answer: Barr bodies
[10] The process by which an X chromosome is inactivated to form a Barr body is known by this name. Name either that process, or the female geneticist that it is named after.
Answer: Lyonization or Mary Lyon
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In Act IV, Scene 1, he is told "the quality of mercy is not strain'd" after suffering the losing end of the legal battle with the title character, who he hates due to "affection / That mistress of passion." FTPE:,
[10] Name this fictional character who rhetorically asks Salarino and Salanio, "If you prick us, do we not bleed? If you tickle us, do we not laugh?"
Answer: Shylock
[10] Shylock is arguably the main character of this Shakespearean play, whose title character, Antonio, does not get a "pound of flesh" with the help of Balthasar, who is really Portia in disguise.
Answer: The Merchant of Venice
[10] This character, Shylock's daughter, runs off with Lorenzo, taking much of his wealth with her. She is bequeathed all of her father's estate at the end of the play, thanks to Portia.
Answer: Jessica
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Michael I was its last king, and among its more recent rulers was Ana Pauker, who some view as the puppet of Soviet Communism in this country. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Eastern European nation which had an "Iron Cross Party" during World War II that was led by I:on Antonecscu.
Answer: Romania
[10] This statesman became head of state in 1967. Banning all abortion, he also issued the July Theses, which sought to improve the political-ideoligical activity of all working people, but he more famously was executed with his wife Elena in 1989.
Answer: Nicolae Ceausescu
[10] Ceausescu became dictator after the rule of this man, who was elected secretary general of the Romania Communist in 1945. He stressed greater independence of Romania from the Soviet Union by forming ties with non-communist nations and with China.
Answer: Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
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The Bayer process refines an ore of this element, while Ziegler-Natta catalysts are typically comprised of titanium and this element. FTPE:,
[10] Name this chemical element, contained with silicon in zeolites and is commonly found in bauxite ores.
Answer: aluminum
[10] This other process, developed independently by both an American and French scientist, extracts aluminum from bauxite after dissolving aluminum oxide in cryolite.
Answer: Hall-Heroult process
[10] During the Hall-Heroult process, this method is commonly used to obtain the desired aluminum product. It generally involves using a current to drive a non-spontaneous reaction.
Answer: electrolysis
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The growth of a city, its destruction, and the desolation that remains afterwards is portrayed in his The Course of Empire, and he was depicted alongside William Cullen Bryant in Asher Durand's Kindred Spirits. FTPE:,
[10] Name this American painter who painted the scenes "Childhood", "Youth", "Manhood", and "Old Age" in his The Voyage of Life.
Answer: Thomas Cole
[10] Both Cole and Durand were members of this Romantic artistic movement, whose name came from the valley near the Catskills and Adirondacks that their paintings often depicted.
Answer: Hudson River School
[10] Another member of the Hudson River School was this landscape painter, whose The Heart of the Andes now sits in the Met. His other paintings include Cotopaxi and Twilight in the Wilderness.
Answer: Frederic Edwin Church
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This author is fictionally put on trial for by the women of Athens in another playwright's work Thesmophoriasuzae. FTPE:,
[10] Name this ancient playwright who wrote the satyr play Cyclops and wrote about the same subject in Aeschylus's Seven Against Thebes in his own Phoenician Women.
Answer: Euripides
[10] Arguably Euripides's most famous play, this work describe the revenge of the title character, who poisons Glauce's robes and then kills her children.
Answer: Medea
[10] Cassandra and Andromache are among the title figures in this Euripides play. Greek ships come to take away the title figures in this play, which takes place around the same time as does Euripides's play Hecuba.
Answer: The Trojan Women
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Identify the following Socratic dialogues, FTPE:,
[10] Socrates compares himself to a gadfly stinging the lazy horse that symbolizes the Athenian state in this dialogue, in which he defends himself against the charges of not recognizing the state.
Answer: The Apology
[10] This dialogue sees Socrates invoke the Laws of Athens and his validation of the social contract in explaining to the title character why he should not escape from jail.
Answer: Crito
[10] The title character of this dialogue discusses whether his skill at performing poetry is acquired or divinely given after the title character returns from a festival of Asclepius with the first prize at its poetry reading contest.
Answer: Ion
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A movement for independence here began in 1810 under Juan Martinez de Rozas, but it saw a setback after being defeated by Osorio at Rancagua. FTPE:,
[10] Name this country whose independence from Spain was assured following victories at Second Cancha Rayada and Maipu in 1818.
Answer: Chile
[10] One of the founding fathers of Peru is this man, become leader of Peru. Originally of Irish descent, it was he and San Martin who led the rebels to victory at Chacabuco.
Answer: Bernardo O'Higgins
[10] Later on, Chile became involved in this war against Peru and Bolivia. War was officially declared following Chilean seizure of Antofagasta, and the Treaty at Ancon ended the conflict in 1883 in favor of Chile.
Answer: War of the Pacific
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Taking 21 years to complete, it depicts various biblical scenes and busts of sibyls and prophets on its twenty-eight panels. FTPE:,
[10] Name this artistic work that saw Lorenzo Ghiberti beat out Jacopo della Quercia in a competition for its design.
Answer: Gates of Paradise
[10] Also losing out on the competition to build the Gates of Paradise was this Renaissance architect, who instead constructed the dome for the cathedral in Florence and is sometimes credit with designing the Pazzi Chapel.
Answer: Filippo Brunelleschi
[10] Brunelleschi was responsible for the design of this church in Florence, but he never saw it complete. It is also the home of Michelangelo's Laurentian Library.
Answer: Basilica of San Lorenzo
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Serapis represented the worship of Apis and this god, who was eventually slain by his brother Set. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Egyptian god whose sister was Isis and whose son was Horus.
Answer: Osiris
[10] This sky goddess was the father of Osiris with the earth god Geb. This daughter of Shu fathered Nephthys and was often symbolized by a sycamore tree.
Answer: Nut
[10] Osiris is closely linked with this Egyptian goddess, who represented truth and justice. She was also the wife of Thoth.
Answer: Ma'at
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Identify the following about the political career of John Hay, FTPE:,
[10] Hay's probably best known for being the namesake of a library at Brown, but his second most famous achievement is this policy, where Hay's notes requested that all nations have equal trading and development rights throughout all of China.
Answer: Open Door Policy
[10] In 1901, Hay signed an agreement with Lord Pauncefote, which gave the US the right to build a canal in Central America, which nullified this 1850 treaty between the US and Britain.
Answer: Clayton-Bulwer Treaty
[10] Hay and Pauncefote also signed treaties with a representative of this country in 1899 due to a conflict over Samoa. It was resolve as Britain received Tonga and the Solomon Islands as Samoa basically fell under this natoins' control.
Answer: Germany
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Characters in this novel include Philomena Guinea, who is the protagonist's benefactress, as well as Buddy Willard, who had dated Joan Gilling. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1963 novel in which Esther Greenwood is sent to a private hospital after quitting as a magazine guest editor and attempting to commit suicide with sleeping pills.
Answer: The Bell Jar
[10] The Bell Jar is among the works of this American author. She is better known for her poetry, which includes such poems as "Poppies in July," "Ariel," "Daddy."
Answer: Sylvia Plath
[10] Plath also wrote this poem, whose title entity cannot ever be "put together entirely / Pieced, glued, and properly jointed." Plath also notes in it that, "O father… you are pithy and historical as the Roman Forum."
Answer: "The Colossus"
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They are usually formed from the remnants of supernova explosions. FTPE:,
[10] Name these dense objects, the mass limit for which is known as the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff Limit.
Answer: neutron stars
[10] One of the initial proposers of the existence of neutron stars was Fritz Zwicky, who is perhaps better known for proposing the existence of this entity, which is unobservable yet comprises most of the universe's mass.
Answer: dark matter
[10] This hypothetical star is theorized to form when a neutron star exceeds the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff limit. A 2002 discovery of a heavy state of matter by NASA seems to suggest the existence of these entities.
Answer: quark star
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Coal is a dirty, dirty mineral. FTPE, name these types of coal extraction processes:,
[10] In this process, a long layer of soil and rock, termed the "overburden," are removed by massive machines called bucket-wheel excavators so that the underlying coal can be extracted.
Answer: strip mining
[10] Every day about 3 million pounds of explosives are used as a part of this process, which rose to prominence in the 1990s and has been widely criticized by environmental activists for causing massive environmental damage in the Appalachian Mountains.
Answer: mountaintop removal
[10] This process requires using a hydraulic machine, video imaging, and gamma detectors to penetrate up to 1,000 feet into coal seams.
Answer: highwall mining

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