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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 EFT Tossups by Daniel Klein
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The 90,000 species in this clade are traditionally divided into the paraphyletic class Adenophorea and the more natural class Secernentea. Free-living members can be found in moist soil and in decomposing organic matter on lake and ocean bottoms, where they play an important role in decomposition and nutrient cycling. This clade also includes parasitic members such as Ascaris lumbricoides, which infect over 1.5 billion people, and Trichinella spiralis, the causative agent of trichinosis. For 10 points, identify this pseudocoelomate worm phylum whose most famous member is, the hermaphroditic model organism with exactly 959 somatic cells, Caenorhabditis elegans.
Answer: Nematoda
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This man's first violin concerto is in A minor and ends with a "burlesque" movement, while his tenth symphony features the "Elmira" theme in honor of a student with whom he fell in love. This composer wrote a ballet about a soccer team called The Age of Gold, and many of his works use a motif based on his own name. He also wrote a Festive Overture, and both of his cello concertos were written for and premiered by Mstislav Rostopovich. His seventh symphony contains an "invasion theme" representing a Nazi march, and a choral symphony by this man includes text from a Yevtushenko poem memorializing massacred Jews. For 10 points, name this Russian composer of "Babi Yar" and "Leningrad" symphonies.
Answer: Dmitri Shostakovich
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One of this man's Supreme Court appointees authored the majority opinion on the case United States v Wong Kim Ark, which ruled that children born in the U.S. are automatically citizens. One law signed by this president was written by Dorman Eaton, and this man employed Robert Todd Lincoln as his Secretary of War, and Frederick Frelinghuysen as his Secretary of State. Another of this man's laws was expanded by the Geary Act and the Scott Act and made modifications to the Burlingame Treaty. For ten points, name this political child of Roscoe Conklin who passed the Pendleton Civil Service Act and was sworn in after Charles Guiteau assassinated his predecessor, James Garfield.
Answer: Chester Alan Arthur
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One of this author's characters is freed by Sabrina from a chair owned by a man who offers the Lady his magical cup. Another of his characters rejects the art of Athens and is whisked away to the top of a Temple after denying himself a pleasureful banquet. One of this man's poems mentions where "Diva spreads her wizard stream," and that poem urges "melt with Ruth," and concerns a man who "drown'd in his Passage from Chester on the Irish Seas." Another of this poet's works states "They also Serve those who Stand and Wait," and begins "When I consider how my light is spent." For ten points, name this author who memoralized Edward King in his Lycidas who wrote about "justifying the ways of God to man" in his Paradise Lost.
Answer: John Milton
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In one episode of this show, one of the main characters gets bubonic plague after opening a letter with a giant swak on it. Another episode of it tries to track down Pin-Pin Pula. One of the former recurring characters on it is an arms dealer named La Grenouille, whose daughter Jean Benoit was the target of an undercover assignment. One character on it killed off a person named Michael Rivkin, while another frequently drinks Caf-pow. Featuring such characters as Medical Assistant Jimmy Palmer and Director Leon Vance, much of the show's humor is from Timothy McGee and Tony Dinozzo. For ten points, name this show featuring Leroy Gibbs, a crime procedural which investigates military crimes involving the Navy.
Answer: NCIS
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This philosopher was called a "parcel of atoms jumbled together by chance," in a work that attacked him, Dialogues of the Living and the Dead. As a response to Defence of True Liberty from Antecedent and Extrinsecall Necessity, this man published a work that sided with the leader of the English Arminians, Archbishop William Laud. One of this philosopher's works discusses a Confederacy of Deceivers, and caused debate with John Bramhall. In addition to writing about The Kingdom of Darkness in the fourth part of that work, this philosopher labels aristocracy, democracy and monarchy as three types of commonwealth, in which the latter is the most desirable, because life is a war of all against all. For ten points, name this pessimistic philosopher that labeled life as solitary, poor, short, nasty and brutish, the English author of Leviathan.
Answer: Thomas Hobbes
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One member of this group was able to give his nephew the Castle of St. Angelo and the title Duke of Spoleto, and as pope exonerated Joan of Arc posthumously, even though he excommunicated Halley's Comet. In addition to the member of this group that became Callixtus III, another member of it became the third general of the Jesuits and was made the 4th Duke of Gandia. Another member of this family clashed with Pandolfo Malatesta at Rimini, and fought with the Orsinis in Rome before being killed at Viana. Its most notable member had Girolamo Savonarola executed, and established a Line of Demarcation with his Treaty of Tordesillas. For ten points, name this family of Italian politicians which included Alexander VI, a corrupt group that included Lucrezia and Cesare.
Answer: Borgia
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One line of this work describes people who "plunged themselves under meat trucks looking for an egg," while another line describes a man who "ran through the icy streets obsessed with a sudden flash of alchemy." One place in this work is described as a place where "you imitate the shade of my mother," and where "you've murdered 12 secretaries." The final lines of this poem describe a "cottage in the Western night," while another part describes images like "Solitude! Filth! Ugliness! Ashcans and Unobtainable Dollars!" Featuring repeated references to Moloch, it repeatedly features the line "I am with you in Rockland," and is dedicated to Carl Solomon. Written by the author of "A Supermarket in California" and "Kaddish," for ten points, name this poem that begins "I saw the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness," written by Allen Ginsberg.
Answer: "Howl"
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These particles have a namesake cosmic background with a temperature of about 1.9 K, and in the early universe decoupling between these particles and baryonic matter occurred after the weak interaction rate was slower than the expansion rate. The Homestake experiment was used to show they are capable of changing their flavor, which can be described using the MNS matrix. Their existence was hypothesized as means to preserve conservation of mass in beta decay. Tanks of a cadmium chloride solution and photomultiplier tubes were used to detect them by Cowan and Reins. IceCube and Super-Kamiokande are modern apparatus used to study, for 10 points, these neutral elementary particles that carry energy away from annihilation reactions, that rarely interact with normal matter
Answer: neutrinos
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This man modeled another artist's Nymph and Bittern for his depiction of a wood sculptor, William Rush and His Model, and an illuminated boxer waves to the crowd after a victory in his Salutat. A woman in a carriage holds a red parasol in this artist's Fairman Rogers Four-in-Hand. Several nude boys jump off a rock in his The Swimming Hole, and he depicted his childhood friend rowing down the Schuylkill River in Max Schmitt in a Single Scull. In another of his works, which also hangs in the Philadelphia Museum of Art, students at Jefferson Medical College perform surgery under the title doctor. For 10 points, name this American painter of The Gross Clinic.
Answer: Thomas Eakins
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One figure in this country's history ran for election with Pablo Ceto after he commanded a coalition of four guerilla groups under the name of Gaspar Ilom. Jorge Serrano Ilias of this nation failed to dissolve its legislative body, and he was succeded by Ramon de Lia Carpio. The Operations Kufire and Kugown affected this country, which had the longest civil war in Latin American history. This country's president Manuel Jose Estrada Cabrera laid the groundwork for the United Fruit Company to take over its mail system. A military operation supported by John Dulles, Operation PBSUCCESS, was a plan to install Castillo Armas as a leader of this nation. For ten points, Jacobo Arbenz was a leader of this nation, overthrown by a CIA-orchestrated coup in 1954.
Answer: Guatamela
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The rules for its observance are given in Leviticus 23:33, and its required sacrifices are given in Numbers. On its seventh day, Hoshana Rabah, seven circuits of the synagogue are made as Psalm 118:25 is recited. Maimonides remarked that Aristotle's Ethics mentioned similar festivals and that it is timed so that "there is neither great heat nor troublesome rain". A bundle of myrtle, willow, and palm, the lulav, and an etrog are shaken daily, and its namesake structure is built, decorated, and slept in. One of the three pilgrimage festivals, along with Pesach and Shavout, for 10 points, this is what Jewish holiday that is also known as the Feast of Booths?
Answer: Sukkot [or Feast of Booths before mention; or Feast of the Tabernacle]
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One of this man's poems mentions a man "who climbs, alone on the mountains of primal grief," and that poem mentions "the Cradle, the Way, the Burning Book, the Doll, the Window." In another poem he invokes the "Days of Tobias," and Gaspara Stampa. Franz Kapus was the subject of a series of 10 prose works by this author, who wrote fictionalized himself as Malte Laurids Brigge. This man's works include Letters to a Young Poet, and nine of his poems are inspired by a structure owned by Maria von Thurn and Taxis, while another of his works are dedicated to Vera Knoop and named for a musician who plays the Lyre. This author wrote the line "Who if I cried out would hear me among the angelic orders?" For ten points, name this author of Sonnets to Orpheus and the Duino Elegies.
Answer: Rainer Maria Rilke
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In a strongly normalizing language, functions with this property would have infinitely long types. The "tail-" form of this property allows looping constructs and operations like GCD to be run in constant stack space. Definitions of this sort describe a tree as a structure whose leaves are trees and a Peano numeral as zero or the successor of a Peano numeral. The Ackermann function is a computable function that does not satisfy the "primitive" form of this property. FTP, identify this computer science concept, closely related to mathematical induction, that is often demonstrated with the Tower of Hanoi, the factorial function, or the Fibonacci series.
Answer: recursive (accept word forms)
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The Cogam Alam is a sacred symbol to this country's leader, who lives in the State Palace, and whose official title is Yang di-Pertuan Agong. This country's National mosque lies nearby its Heroes Mausoleum, and it was designed by the Public Works Department. The Bukit Nanas is a rainforest that can be found in the capital city of this nation. This country's capital sits at the confluence of the Klang and the Gombak rivers, and it is in this country's state of Selangor. That capital features a suspension bridge designed by Cesar Pelli, and the country of Indonesia is separated from it by the Strait of Malacca. For ten points, name this country that is the namesake of a peninsula, whose capital is Kuala Lumpur.
Answer: Malaysia
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The temporum felicitas was a phrase used to describe the birth of this figure's twin sons. He personally directed the Romans in fighting off the Costoboci and the quadi from Oderzo. His early career saw him able to enter the salii of Mars without fulfilling the requirement of two living parents, and he was made prefect of Rome during the Feriae Latinae. Although he fought against the Parthian Empire and the Marcomanni, this man was faced with a revolt instigated by the governor of Syria Avidius Cassius, and this husband of Faustina died at Vindobona. This co-ruler with Lucius Verus produced the son Commodus and succeeded Antoninus Pius. For ten points, name this last of the Five Good Emperors, who authored the tract Meditations.
Answer: Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus
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Vinyl ones are used to create 7-substituted indoles in the Bartoli synthesis, while its reacted with triethyl orthoformate in an aldehyde synthesis. Aryl ones undergo nucleophilic aromatic substitutions in the synthesis of Naproxen, and they eliminate in the Boord olefin synthesis. They form imines when reacted with nitriles, and two equivalents of them add to esters to form tertiary alcohols. Alkylithium reagents are more nucleophilic than these reagents, which are usually synthesized in either diethyl ether or THF from alkyl halides. They most often add to aldehydes and ketones to create primary or secondary alcohols, respectively. For 10 points, name these organometallic reagents that contain magnesium.
Answer: Grignard reagents
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In one scene from this book, a character's grave is spat on by a gargoyle during a torrential rain, and that character was loved by a man who attended the Budmouth Races around the time she died. One character in this novel purchases a marble tombstone for his paramour and her child before being presumed drowned. That character returns to his wife's Christmas party, only to be blasted away with a shotgun. Another character in this novel suffers when a dog drives off his sheep over a cliff, while another character causes Fanny Robin to become pregnant. That character, Sergeant Troy competes with William Boldwood for the protagonist. With a title derived from a Thomas Gray poem, for ten points name this Thomas Hardy novel about Gabriel Oak and Bathsheba Everdene.
Answer: Far From the Madding Crowd
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This architect's designs include an Esso gas station and Mexico City's Bacardi Building. Two staircases lead up to the entrance of his Crown Hall, one of the buildings he designed for the Illinois Institute of Technology campus. Furniture he designed includes the Barcelona chair and table set and the cantilevered Brno chair, which was first created for this man's Tugendhat House. This architect, who helped design a building that sits across from the Lever House and typifies the International Style, coined the adage "less is more." For 10 points, name this architect who designed the Farnsworth House and the Seagram Building with Philip Johnson, the last chairman of the Bauhaus.
Answer: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
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Clifford Geertz cites this group's custom of rubbing the genitals of intersexed animals on the tails of female goats as their "common sense". W.W. Hill studied their treatment of hermaphrodites and Nancy Bloomberg analyzed their art. Ha'taalii conduct their religious ceremonies and their language is in the Western subgroup of the South Athabaskan language, along with Western Apache and the Chiricahua-Mescalero subgroups. Mount Taylor is one of the four mountains sacred to these people, who participate in a rite known as "The Blessing Way". They raise a breed of sheep named for them and the Churro, whose wool is used to make namesake rugs. For ten points, name these peoples who believe that they originate from Dinetah, a Native American tribe of the four Corners.
Answer: Navajo
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The Delphic oracle once told a city in Asia Minor to get three children of Ino in order to facilitate the worship of this diety. One of this deity's loves was a youth killed by a rampaging bull because it was stung by a gadfly; that youth was Ampelos. One of his powers would be nullified in the river Pactolus, and that story involves saving a satyr named Silenus. Acetes of Maeonia was not harmed by this god, after this god turned a bunch of sailors who had previously tried to sell him into slavery into dolphins. Sometimes equated the with the Roman god Liber, he dies off every winter only to be reborn and is the son of Semele. For ten points, name this Greek god of wine..
Answer: Dionysus or Bacchus
2009 EFT Bonuses by Daniel Klein
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For ten points each, answer the following about a certain Pre-Socratic.,
[10] This philosopher led the Milesian school, and his followers included Anaximenes. He was the first one to predict a solar eclipse and is one of the Seven Sages.
Answer: Thales
[10] This is the substance that Thales believed to be fundamental. It is cold and moist according to Aristotle, and it's associated with phlegm.
Answer: water
[10] This follower of Thales believed the fundamental substance of the universe was a fundamental mass called apeiron. He was also of Miletus
Answer: Anaximander
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FTPE, identify these concepts from statistics.,
[10] This eponymous theorem, stated in 1763 in "An Essay towards solving a Problem in the Doctrine of Chances", relates the likelihood of an event and its posterior probability.
Answer: Bayes' theorem
[10] The Bayesian version of this is a region containing most of the posterior probability. A frequentist 95% one is "mu-bar plus or minus two sigma-bar".
Answer: confidence interval or CI
[10] The frequentist definition of a confidence interval is justified by this result stating that the rescaled sum of IID random variables converges in distribution to a Normal distribution.
Answer: central limit theorem or CLT
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This group features members from Narodna Odbarna as well as the Black Hand. For ten points each,,
[10] Name this group whose members included Danilo Ilic, Veljko Cubrilovic and Misko Jovanovic, all three of whom were charged with murder and executed in 1915.
Answer: Young Bosnia
[10] Those aforementioned Young Bosnians were convicted of murdering this man, a leader of Austrai-Este as well as a Royal Prince of Hungary.
Answer: Franz Ferdinand
[10] This man performed the successful assassination of Franz Ferdinand, which led to a series of events initiation WW1.
Answer: Gavrilo Princip
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In this novel, one character goes insane while searching for the Philosopher's Stone, before he is tied to a tree. For ten points each,,
[10] Name this novel, whose characters include Melquiades, the owner of a pair of magnets and Jose Arcadio Buendia, the patriarch of a certain family that lives in Macondo. It is written by Gabriel Garcia Marquez.
Answer: One Hundred Years of Solitude or Cien Anos de Soledad
[10] This woman is the wife of Colonel Jose Buendia. Living throughout most of the novel, her children include Amaranta and Aureliano.
Answer: Ursula Igurana [accept either]
[10] Called "the Beauty" in the novel, this woman is folding laundry when she magically ascends into the sky one day. Her father is Jose Arcadio.
Answer: Remedios
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A dog, a woman, and a fisherman in his boat surround the central body of water. FTPE:,
[10] Name this work in which the namesake conveyance crosses the River Stour under cloudy skies. It was originally exhibited at the Royal Academy as "Landscape: Noon".
Answer: The Hay Wain
[10] "The Hay Wain" was painted in 1821 by this English Romantic, whose landscapes largely depict Dedham Vale.
Answer: John Constable
[10] Constable made paintings of this building, which he called "the most difficult subject in Landscape I ever had upon my Easel" from many perspectives such as "from the Bishop's Grounds" and "from the Meadows".
Answer: Salisbury cathedral
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Answer these questions about a technique in analytic chemistry. FTPE:,
[10] In its proton form, applied radio waves orient nuclei against an applied field and the pulse of radio waves they emit as they lose energy is recorded.
Answer: NMR or nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
[10] TMS, a common NMR standard, is a compound of four methyl groups and this atom. Its low electronegativity of 1.8 deshields protons on its adjacent carbons.
Answer: silicon
[10] Peaks from compounds lacking silicon are generally downfield from 0 on this scale, abbreviated delta, which forms the x-axis of NMR spectrographs and has units of ppm.
Answer: chemical shift
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Garrett Hardin named this economic situation in a namesake 1968 article. For ten points each,,
[10] Identify this scenario which models how benefits from a common resource are kept individually, but its damages are shared, leading to overconsumption.
Answer: Tragedy of the Commons
[10] The tragedy of the commons is related to this problem, in which one person uses more than their fair share of a public service or shoulders little or no burden for the costs of its production.
Answer: free rider problem
[10] The outpacing of linear agricultural growth by exponential population growth leads to subsistence-level conditions in a catastrophe described in "The Principle of Population," an essay by this man.
Answer: Thomas Malthus
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This man's poems include "The Quaker Graveyard in Nantucket." For ten points each,,
[10] Name this author whose "Life Studies" contains "Skunk Hour."
Answer: Robert Lowell
[10] Some of the poetry of Robert Lowell was inspired by Andrew Marvell, who is the subject of this author's "You, Andrew Marvell." He also wrote Ars Poetica and J.B..
Answer: Archibald Macleish
[10] Another American poet is this author of North of Boston and "After Apple Picking," he also wrote "Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening," and "The Death of the Hired Man."
Answer: Robert Frost
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This man was the son of Sweyn Forkbeard, and the grandson of the first Polish king, Mieszko I. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Danish ruler whose attempts to invade England were briefly appeased by the Danegeld tribute, but who ultimately succeeded in taking over England with the help of allies like Thorkell the Tall.
Answer: Canute the Great or Canute II of Denmark
[10] The Danegeld was offered by this English ruler, whose ineffectual attempts to stop the Danes from invading included 1002 St. Brice's Day Massacre of Danish settlers.
Answer: Ethelred the Unready or Ethelred II
[10] About sixty years later, England would be overrun by foreigners again, this time for good, when this Norman defeated Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings and became considered the first king of all England.
Answer: William I or William the Conqueror or William the Bastard
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This sculpture's creator was accused of having cast it from an actual human being. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this sculpture of a man with one arm raised above his head, formerly titled The Vanquished.
Answer: The Age of Bronze [or L'Age d'Airain]
[10] This sculptor of The Age of Bronze also depicted six men with nooses around their necks in his The Burghers of Calais.
Answer: Auguste Rodin
[10] Rodin removed this depiction of Francesca da Rimini and her lover Paolo from the reliefs The Gates of Hell, instead creating a free-standing version of the lovers' embrace.
Answer: The Kiss [or Le Baiser]
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Answer these questions about an important religious observance in Islam, for ten points each.,
[10] Islam's fifth pillar is this pilgrimage during Dhu al-Hijjah. Pilgrims don Ihram clothing 6 miles from their destination, Mecca.
Answer: hajj
[10] After two days of prayer in Mina, hajjis perform this ritual involving three pillars, which were replaced in 2004 with three walls, each symbolizing a refusal.
Answer: stoning of the devil or ramy al-jamarat
[10] Following the stoning of the devil and additional tawaf, hajjis may travel to this second-holiest city, the destination of Muhammad after Hijra, which contains the Mosque of the Prophet.
Answer: Medina
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For ten points each, answer the following about Francophone dramatists.,
[10] This author of Pelleas and Melisande wrote about Tyltyl and Mytyl seeking the title creature in order to cure themselves in his The Blue Bird.
Answer: Maurice Maeterlinck
[10] This man based many of his historical dramas on the lives of ancient Roman Emperors in plays like Othon and Sertorius. He also wrote Le Cid.
Answer: Pierre Corneille
[10] The Natural Son is a play by this man who wrote Jacques the Fatalist, and edited the Encyclopedia.
Answer: Denis Diderot
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This man published History of the United States, From the Discovery of the American Continent. For ten points each,,
[10] Name this man who established the Naval Academy and who was Polk's Secretary of the Navy and Secretary of War. He delivered the eulogy at Abraham Lincoln's memorial service.
Answer: George Bancroft
[10] George Bancroft ordered this future president, known as "Old Rough and Ready", to Mexico.
Answer: Zachary Taylor
[10] Zachary Taylor created this cabinet member position, which has been held by Richard Ballinger and Thomas Ewing.
Answer: Secretary of the Interior
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There's more than one way to describe dynamics. FTPE:,
[10] Formulated in Newton's Principia, this law states that in an inertial reference frame, the force on object is equal to the rate of change of its momentum.
Answer: Second law of motion
[10] This reformulation of classical mechanics by an Irish mathematician defines a namesake total energy function H on a symplectic manifold, inducing a flow on the phase space.
Answer: Hamiltonian mechanics
[10] The calculus of variations can be used to solve this problem, proposed by Johann Bernoulli in 1696, which asks for the curve along which an object will fall from one point to another in the shortest time.
Answer: brachistochrone problem
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Answer these related questions about indie musicians. FTPE:,
[10] Her early albums, recorded with Her Boyfriends, include "The Virginian" and the noirish "Furnace Room Lullaby". Her most recent album "Middle Cyclone" includes the 31 minute track "Marais La Nuit".
Answer: Neko Case
[10] He began his career with Superconductor and later joined Zumpano. "Prophets", from his recent solo album "Get Guilty", was featured on the Season 4 finale of "How I Met Your Mother".
Answer: Allan Carl Newman
[10] A. C. Newman and Neko Case are both members of this Canadian indie supergroup whose song "The Laws Have Changed" from their album "Electric Version" plays on Gilmore Girls when Paris kisses Rory.
Answer: The New Pornographers
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It has an Agnus Dei with two parts rather than the usual three. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this work that supposedly convinced the Council of Trent not to ban polyphonic composition.
Answer: Pope Marcellus Mass [or Missae Papae Marcelli]
[10] This Italian Renaissance composer wrote the Pope Marcellus Mass, along with about a hundred other masses.
Answer: Giovanni di Palestrina
[10] This Franco-Flemish Renaissance composer wrote two notable masses on L'homme arme, as well as a requiem on the death of fellow composer Johannes Ockeghem.
Answer: Josquin des Prez
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This novel's title character is an emigree from Communist Russia who becomes an associate professor at Waindell College, only to be displaced by the unreliable narrator. For ten points each,,
[10] Name this Vladimir Nabokov novel published after Lolita.
Answer: Pnin
[10] Professor Pnin is in the faculty of Wordsmith College and a "Hurricane Lolita" is mentioned in the title 999-line poem of this novel about Charles Kinbote.
Answer: Pale Fire
[10] This character is the author of the poem Pale Fire, whose daughter Hazel committed suicide before the book began.
Answer: John Shade [accept either]
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This group's namesake War features battles like Isandlwana and Ulundi. For ten points each,,
[10] Name this group led by Shaka, whose other rulers included Cetshwayo.
Answer: Zulu
[10] In one notable battle, the Zulu clashed with these people who decided to leave Britain's Cape Colony. Some of their leaders included Hendrik Potgieter, and they died at the Weenen Massacre.
Answer: Voortrekkers
[10] This clash between the Zulu and the Voortrekkers at a namesake river saw the deaths of thousands of Zulu and 3 Voortrekkers.
Answer: Battle of Blood River [accept Battle of Ncome River]
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It was first scaled by Halford Mackinder, and it is the second highest mountain in Africa. For ten points each,,
[10] Name this mountain that is also a strato-volcano. Some primitive cultures believe this mountain to be the throne of their god Ngai, and it is a few hundred miles North of Kilimanjaro Mountain.
Answer: Mt. Kenya
[10] Mt. Toubkal is the highest point in this range, which runs through three Morocco, Algeria and Tunis and divides the Sahara from the Atlantic.
Answer: Atlas Mountains
[10] This Moroccan city lies nearby the Atlas Mountains. It lies near the Ourika Valley, and it is colloquially referred to as "The Red City."
Answer: Marrakesh
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Answer these questions about electrical conductivity in the heart.,
[10] Located in the wall of the right atrium, near the point where the superior vena cava enters the heart, this region of self-excitable cells generates electrical signals that cause the atria to contract.
Answer: sinoatrial node or SA node or pacemaker
[10] After leaving the AV node, signals are carried to the heart apex by the bundle branches and then to the ventricular walls by these fibers named for a Czech anatomist.
Answer: Purkinje fibers
[10] This interval on an ECG shows the depolarization and repolarization of the ventricles. A syndrome in which it is too long causes arrhythmias and often sudden death.
Answer: QT [accept "Long QT syndrome"]

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