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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 EFT Tossups by Aaron Rosenberg 2
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Henry Bouquet's success on one front in this conflict enabled William Johnson to negotiate a peace arrangement, and its later engagements included the Battles of Bushy Run and Devil's Hole. It was touched off when General Jeffrey Amherst announced that he would no longer present annual gifts, and its instigators were inspired by the preaching of Neolin, or the Delaware Prophet. The end of this conflict led to the rise of the vigilante Paxton Boys, while its initial stages saw several unsuccessful attempts to Capture Fort Detroit. For ten points, name this rebellion which erupted after the French and Indian war and was led by a namesake Ottowa chieftain.
Answer: Pontiac's Rebellion
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Its monasteries usually feature a `ten-foot square hut' as the abbot's quarters, while the buildings themselves follow the style of the `seven-hall compound.' It traces its origins to a smile of Mahakasyapa and to the wordless "flower sermon," and one school of it was vastly expanded by the work of Enni Ben'en. Its followers practice zazen or `sitting-meditation,' and it utilizes pedagogical riddles which are collected in works like the Blue Cliff Record and Gateless Gate. Counting the Soto, Rinzai, and Obaku schools among its Five Houses, FTP, name this Japanese Buddhist sect which emphasizes koans and meditation.
Answer: Zen
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This man will examine challenges to the Washington Consensus in his upcoming book Hopes and Prospects. He refers to the gap between knowledge and experience as "Plato's Problem" in reference to the Meno, and further claims that much of what children learn must be innate, which he dubs the "poverty of the stimulus." His early ideas can be seen in his doctoral thesis Transformational Analysis. He also published The Logical Structure of Linguistic Theory, and in one of his work he demonstrated potential flaws in statistical models with the sentence "colorless green ideas sleep furiously. For ten points, name this pioneer of the theory of generative grammar and author of Syntactic Structures, a linguist from MIT.
Answer: Noam Chomsky
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The narrator of this work recounts Socrates's statement that "before thunder ceases, the rain comes," made when his wife urinated on him, and quotes extensively from Ptolemey's Amalgest. One character argues that gentility comes only from god, and another character draws a metaphor by claiming that a castle wall cannot be defended when it is besieged from every side. The central character tears pages out of Valerius and Theophrastus, which earns her a punch in the ear by Jankin. One character is forced to wed an old woman in return for information but that woman later transforms into a young beauty, and as punishment for raping a maiden, a knight is ordered to name the thing which woman desires most. FTP, name this Canterbury tale in which the title character recounts her misadventures with her five husbands.
Answer: "The Wife of Bath's Tale" (accept the Prologue to the Wife of Bath's Tale)
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The thin film variety of these devices is generally made from Tantalum nitride or nichrome, while the most popular standard for categorizing them is BS 1852. The gauge factor relates changes in their properties to strain, allowing them to be used for strain gauges, and a potentiometer contains three of them arranged as a voltage divider. A ladder of them can make a simple digital to analog converter. They generate zero reactive power, and four of them can be combined with a voltage and current source to create a Wheatstone bridge. For ten points, name these devices which are frequently coded using four colored bands and whose namesake quantity is measured in Ohms.
Answer: resistors
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In one of this man's poems, he speaks of traveling over many countries and many seas to present "the last guerdon of death" to his brother's ashes, while in another, he points out one by one the defects of Mamurra of Formiae's girlfriend. In one of his poems he threatens to sodomize Aurelius and Furius, and in another, he claims that it would take as many kisses as there are sands in Libya to satisfy him. The addressee of many of his poems is often identified as the sister of Publius Clodius Pulcher, Clodia Metelli. FTP, name this Roman poet whose poetry is preserved in 116 carmina, many of which are addressed to Lesbia.
Answer: Gaius Valerius Catullus
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One character in this film refers to himself as a former accountant though his job merely consisted of checking columns that others had already checked, and another character is attacked by a bird which turns out to be a toy kite. Minor characters include Reeves and a doctor who ends the film with the words "Madness? madness," as well as the aforementioned Joyce. Saito eventually gives in to demands that officers not perform manual labor, while Shears manages to escape to Ceylon, though Nicholson believes him dead. FTP, name this movie noted for its "whistling theme," directed by David Lean and starring Alec Guinness, in which British WWII prisoners build the title structure.
Answer: The Bridge on the River Kwai
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This man's head was preserved in honey and oil after his death in battle, and his cousin Stephen III replaced this man's elder brother with. Basarab Laiota. He fled his homeland after Bogdan II of a neighboring region was murdered, and as a child he was sent to Adrianople as appeasement. His older brother was blinded with iron forks and killed at Tirgoviste, and this ruler's wife threw herself into the Arges River. He launched the "Night Attack" to stave off Sultan Mehmed II, but he was soon imprisoned by Matthias Corvinus after the defection ofhis brother Radu the Handsome. For ten points, identify this voivode of Wallachia who got his epithet for his cruel methods of execution and provided the inspiration for Bram Stoker's Dracula.
Answer: Vlad the Impaler (accept Vlad III or Vlad Tepes; do not accept Vlad Dracul, that's Vlad II)
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One protein in this system is a homotetramer with each component consisting of an alpha and omega chain, and uses Glu-537 as a nucleophile, while another contains four helix-turn-helix motifs. Enzyme IIA must be phosphorylated in order for it to function. It can be artificially induced using IPTG and its activity in a broth is observed using ONPG. Mutants like O-c and I-S in this system were characterized using complementation testing, and the CAP protein activates it by binding to cyclic AMP in a form of catabolite repression. It codes for a polycistronic mRNA that translates into transacetylase, permease, and beta-galactosidase. Discovered by Jacob and Monod and consisting of Z, Y, and A genes, for 10 points, name this cluster of genes responsible for breaking down lactose.
Answer: Lac operon
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This man spent a brief stint in automaking by designing the Fiat VSS. His early works include a sulfur extraction plant whose barrel vault can be moved along as operations advance, and he also designed the current Los Angeles County Museum of art. After studying under Z.S. Makowsky and Louis Kahn, he went on to build a woodworking shop in Genoa as well as a structure located on an artificial island, the Kansai International Airport. Many of his buildings were designed in collaboration with Richard Rogers, and one of those features color-coded ducts on the exterior to designate the material that is supposed to flow through them. FTP, name this Italian architect who designed an inside-out building in Paris. the Pompidou Centre.
Answer: Renzo Piano
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Gobena Dachi led a militia in this present-day country composed of his fellow Shewan Oromo, and Mikael Sehul's overthrow of emperor Iyoas is taken to mark the beginning of this country's "Zemene Mesafint." Yekuno Amlak started a rebellion here which drove out Yitbarek, leading to the end of the Zagwe dynasty. An early kingdom in this present-day country was Christianized by Frumentius and produced a giant obelisk in its namesake capital city, and a later ruler became regent during the reign of Empress Zauditu before being driven into exile by Mussolini. FTP, name this country home to the kingdom of Axum and emperor Haile Selassie.
Answer: Ethiopia
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One chapter of this work considers the naive artist using the dream analogy, and states that only while dreaming can we attain a "primal unity." Years later, the author wrote an "attempt at self-criticistm" as a preface. The author claims that Kant and Schopenhauer rescued art from the brink of extinction and blames Socrates and Euripides for its original downfall, and praises Wagner for resurrecting the Greek tradition. For ten points, name this work which argues that great art derives from the opposition between the Apollonian and Dionysiac as exemplified by the work of Aeschylus and Sophocles, written by Friedrich Nietzsche.
Answer: The Birth of Tragedy
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The square of this quantity's operator is the Casimir invariant of the SO(3) Lie Algebra, and this quantity is crossed to p in the definition of the Laplace-Runge-Lenz vector. Yrast refers to a minimum of energy for a given value of this quantity, which is often added using expansion coefficients named for Clebsch and Gordan. Often specified using term symbols, two types of it are coupled in heavy atoms by JJ-coupling or in lighter ones by Russell-Saunders coupling. It is the Noether charge associated with rotational invariance, and this quantity's derivative with respect to time is equal to the net torque. For ten points, identify this quantity which comes in orbital and spin types and is equal to moment of inertia times angular velocity.
Answer: Angular momentum or L
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One suite by this composer allows for an oboe to substitute for a tenor and features a set of courtly dances from the original opera, and one setting by him compares the life of daffodils to human decay. Besides Five Flower Songs, he wrote a set of Diversions for piano left hand, and featured a "Boisterous Bouree" and "Frolicsome Finale" in his Simple Symphony. In addition to the aforementioned Gloriana suite, one of his choral works intersperse Wilfred Owen poems with the traditional Latin text, while another work sees the title character sink his own boat at sea after the death of his apprentice. FTP, name this British composer of War Requiem and Peter Grimes.
Answer: Benjamin Britten
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One character in this work promises to retire when his unpaid bills reach fifty-thousand dollars , and at the end of this novel, another character proudly displays his false teeth, A girl seeks medicine for an abortion but is tricked by a clerk who plans to rape her, and Preacher Whitfield is revealed to be the father of another character. That character escapes from Mr. Gillespie's barn while his brother burns it down, and Vernon Tull's bridge washes out in another scene. This forces the central family to cross a ford where Cash narrowly escapes drowning, and one chapter consists of Vardaman saying "My mother is a fish." FTP, identify this novel in which Jewel, Darl, and the rest of the Bundren family take their mother Addie to Jefferson to bury her, written by William Faulkner.
Answer: As I Lay Dying
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One statesman from this polity was a son of Hippoklus who was revered for his kindness to the poor Nikodemos, and that man occupied Larissa as part of his attempt to frustrate Alexander of Pharae. Lysis of Tarentum was a philosopher who settled in this city, which generally elected four of the seven boeotarch, and another leader from here brought down a garrison at Cadmeia. It maintained a regiment composed of boys and their lovers called the "sacred band" which aided them in victories like Leuctra. For ten points, name this Greek city-state which under Epaminondas defeated Sparta and was the mythical home of Oedipus.
Answer: Thebes
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An angel breaks through the clouds with a cross in the upper-left corner of this man's eight-part Passion Altarpiece. The words "Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews" appear above a grisly Jesus seen from the side in The Body of the Dead Christ in the Tomb. One of his works is a set of 41 etchings in which skeletons frolic, and besides the Dance of Death, he depicted the author of Utopia wearing a necklace of `S's in his Portrait of Sir Thomas More. Another of his works features two globes and a lute with broken strings resting on shelves, and a smudge at the bottom of the canvas which is actually a distorted skull. FTP, name this Dutchman who depicted Georges de Selve and Jean de Dinteville in The Ambassadors.
Answer: Hans Holbein the Younger
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One variety of this technique can eliminate the need for external calibrations, a result called the Connes advantage, and one variation of this technique can be used to find anharmonicity by measuring deviations from the diagonal. It is often used to detect backbonding, and samples are commonly prepared using a nujol mull or by mixing with potassium bromide and pressing into a disk. Interferometers are used in its FT variety, and it features "fingerprint region" on the right side. The results of this technique are analyzed by plotting transmittance against wavenumbers, and it is used to identify functional groups based on the stretching and rotating vibrations of dipole bonds. FTP, identify this type of spectroscopy which uses electromagnetic radiation longer than visible light but shorter than microwaves.
Answer: Infrared (IR) spectroscopy
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This god became identified with the chief god of Kuaru, named Asarluhi, and he was said to be crowned with the halos of ten gods. He sent Imhullu to shake up one opponent, whom he trapped by stationing the four winds, and was born with four eyes and four ears. He is also referred to as Asaru, controller of water levels, as well as Namru, though he has fifty names in total, and his possessions include a magic net given by Anu. His son Nabu was born by his consort Sarpanitu, and in his most famous role he stole the Tablets of Destiny from Kingu, from whose blood he created mankind. FTP, name this god who in the Enuma Elish creates the world after slaying Tiamat, the chief god of Babylon.
Answer: Marduk
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In one work by this author, the painter Bertha and her husband promise to marry as equals. Besides Comrades, in another work, the central character recites the "Song to the Sun" and a Mummy gives a colonel a rope with which to commit suicide. A character who goes by "Old Man" questions that student, Arkenholz, who is the only character who can see the apparition of a milkmaid. Besides The Ghost Sonata, he wrote of how daughter of the god Indra is sent to Earth in the form of a Glazier's daughter, Agnes. In addition to A Dream Play, another work sees the title character agree to kill herself with a razor after she seduces her father's valet Jean. FTP, name this Swedish dramatist, author of Miss Julie.
Answer: August Strindberg
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This city is home to the William Emerson-designed Victoria Memorial, and most of its commercial activity is centered in the Barabazar district, while other landmarks here include Fort William and the Sahid Minar. The nearby archaeological site of Chandraketugarh suggests an inhabitance of over two millennia. Its suburbs include Howrah, Baranagar, and South Dum Dum, and it is serviced by Subash Chandra Bose International Airport. It is centered on the east bank of the Hugli River and served as its country's capital under British rule until 1911. For ten points, name this city in eastern India, capital of the state of West Bengal.
Answer: Kolkata or Calcutta
2009 EFT Bonuses by Aaron Rosenberg 2
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And now for some more guy trash. Name these Monty Python sketches, FTPE:,
[10] An old woman in a cafe refuses to order food because everything they serve contains this product. A group of Vikings joins in by repeatedly singing the name of this product, which now lends its name to a certain type of unwanted correspondence.
Answer: SPAM
[10] In this video, actors such as Mrs. B.J. Smegma are shot down and blown up, along with a neighbor, the house where that neighbor lived, and the place where he was born, all for the purpose of teaching the titular lesson.
Answer: how not to be seen (accept variations on this)
[10] Terry Jones plays a composer by this name and hopes to discuss his symphony on TV, but Eric Idle's character won't stop asking about his nickname and the interview goes nowhere.
Answer: "Two Sheds" Jackson or Arthur Jackson
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He sought to overcome Hine-nui-te-po by entering her, but the laugh of a fantail thwarted his plan and death was introduced to the world. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Polynesian trickster god who in Maori myth used a jawbone to pull New Zealand's North Island out of the ocean.
Answer: Maui
[10] This Hawaiian goddess of fire and volcanoes established her dwelling on the slopes of Mauna Loa because it was high enough to evade the waves of Na-maka-o-kaha'I, but she now makes her home in the fire pit atop Kilauea.
Answer: Pele
[10] Maui slowed down the sun so that this mother of his could finish her kapa-making. Hawaiian legend claims that a woman by this name was so beautiful that she was constantly pursued by men, leading her to flee to the moon and become goddess of it.
Answer: Hina
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The crust underlying them is prominently composed of basalt, and they have a slope of less than one foot for every thousand feet of distance. FTPE:,
[10] Identify these deep, very flat regions of the ocean floor which cover about 40% of the planet's total ocean floor space.
Answer: abyssal plains
[10] Abyssal plains form part of this zone which in general includes all of the ocean floor that is consistently below water.
Answer: benthic zone
[10] At the other end of the zonation spectrum is this zone which consists of the shallow waters closest to shore.
Answer: littoral zone or intertidal zone
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In this work, Astolpho comes across a vial containing the title character's lost wits while traveling on the moon. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this Italian epic poem written in ottava rima which takes place during the wars between Charlemagne and the Saracens, and which sees the title character go a bit crazy in the head.
Answer: Orlando Furioso
[10] This Italian poet wrote Orlando Furioso as a continuation of Matteo Maria Boiardo's unfinished Orlando Innamorato.
Answer: Lodovico Ariosto
[10] Orlando goes crazy as a result of searching fruitlessly for this princess of Cathay. She is nearly sacrificed to an orc before Rugero rescues her and carries her away on a Hippogriff.
Answer: Angelica
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In order to stave off capture, this man hid in a Vatican embassy while American troops blasted rock music at the building. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this Latin American dictator and former CIA informant who in 2007 was extradited to France after being overthrown by the US in Operation Just Cause back in 1989.
Answer: Manuel Noriega
[10] Noriega hails from this Central American country. He had to go because it's generally a bad idea to leave an intercontinental waterway in the hands of a dictator.
Answer: Panama
[10] This other Latin American dictator had been trained by U.S. marines before ousting Horacio Vasquez as president of the Domincan Republic in 1930. He was later assassinated in 1961.
Answer: Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina
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It is used to calculate the isoelectric point and can be derived easily from the expression for an acid's dissociation constant. FTPE:,
[10] Name this doubly-eponymous equation which describes the pH of weak acids and bases, particularly useful for describing buffer solutions.
Answer: Henderson-Hasselbach equation
[10] The HH equation was originally developed to study buffering in blood. Key to that system is this enzyme, which converts carbonic acid to water and CO2.
Answer: Carbonic anhydrase
[10] This set of twelve buffer solutions remains popular in biological research because they are, among other things, stable and have minimal salt effects. They include MES, Tricine, and HEPES.
Answer: Good's buffers
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His final composition was the Symphonic Dances. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Russian composer of The Bells and Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini.
Answer: Sergei Rachmaninov
[10] This Rachmaninov symphonic poem was inspired by an Arnold Bocklin painting of the same name, and opens by evoking the oars of Charon.
Answer: The Isle of the Dead
[10] Though not to be confused with his choral symphony The Bells, this C minor Rachmaninov work opens with chords from the solo instrument which resemble the tolling of bells. It was partially written at the hypnotic suggestion of the composer's therapist Nikolai Dahl.
Answer: Piano Concerto No. 2
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Eamon de Valera attributed his later political success to his being the senior survivor of this event. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Irish republican uprising against British rule which was led by Patrick Pearse and took place on a notable holiday.
Answer: Easter Rising
[10] The supporters of the Easter Rising included this political party, which survives today as the de facto political arm of the IRA and is currently the second most powerful party in Ireland after Fianna Fail.
Answer: Sinn Fein
[10] The insurgents in the Easter Rising saw themselves as carrying on the wishes of this early 19th century Irish politician, known as "The Emancipator," who founded the Catholic Association and campaigned for Catholics to sit in Parliament.
Answer: Daniel O'Connell
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Answer the following about the Turkic peoples of central and west Asia, FTPE:,
[10] These Turkic-speaking peoples are centered along the Volga River and in the Ural Mountains. Their subgroups include Kazan and Astrakhan, and many converted to Sunni Islam during the reign of the Golden Horde.
Answer: Tatars
[10] Many Tatars also settled in this Ukranian peninsula which juts into the Black Sea. Its major cities include Simferopol and Sevastopol.
Answer: Crimea
[10] Among the most remote Turkic communities is this republic in south-central Siberia with capital at Kyzyl. Its inhabitants are noted for their throat singing.
Answer: Tuva or Tyva
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The two title characters deliver a letter to the King of England which unexpectedly condemns them to death. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this play which follows the fates of two minor characters from a much more famous drama, and where characters like Gertrude and Claudius only have minor roles.
Answer: Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead
[10] This British dramatist, whose Arcadia rapidly switches between the years 1808 and 1989, wrote Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead in addition to other works like Dogg's Hamlet and The Real Inspector Hound.
Answer: Tom Stoppard
[10] This Stoppard play shifts between 1809, when Septimus Hodge teaches mathematics to Thomasina, and 1989, when three other characters investigate a chapter in the life of Lord Byron.
Answer: Arcadia
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It divides one of the title concepts into "in-itself" and "for-itself." FTPE:,
[10] Name this philosophical book which rejects the Kantian noumena, introduces the idea of `bad faith,' and argues that a human's only essence is what he or she chooses to be.
Answer: Being and Nothingness
[10] This French existentialist wrote Being and Nothingness. As a fiction writer he also published Nausea and No Exit.
Answer: Jean-Paul Sartre
[10] Though traditionally associated with phenomenology and Husserl, this other French philosopher studied alongside Sartre and was to some degree influenced by him. His own works include The Structure of Behavior and Phenomenology of Perception.
Answer: Maurice Merleau-Ponty
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Answer the following about American expansion into the Far West. FTPE:,
[10] Passed in 1862 as part of northern economic mobilization, this act allowed any citizen or prospective citizen to claim 160 acres of land and purchase it after living on it for five years.
Answer: Homestead Act
[10] Discovered in 1859, this silver deposit in Nevada sparked the creation of boomtowns like Virginia City and led to the establishment of a mint at Carson City.
Answer: Comstock Lode
[10] Founded by John Jacob Astor, this company dominated its namesake trade in the central and western US for the first third of the 19th century, and its outposts were instrumental in the exploration of the frontier.
Answer: American Fur Company
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In its differential form, it states that the curl of B is equal to magnetic permeability times current density. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this law, one of Maxwell's equations, which governs magnetic field.
Answer: Ampere's Law
[10] Normally, calculating magnetic field using Ampere's law in any region without symmetry involves very nasty integrals, but for these objects which consist of repeating loops of wire, it is easy to prove that the magnetic field is zero outside but equal to the permeability times the current times the number of loops per unit distance inside.
Answer: solenoid
[10] When dealing with magnetic fields in matter, it is often helpful to modify Ampere's law using the so-called "H"-field because that lets you avoid dealing with these currents caused only by the magnetization of the object itself.
Answer: bound current
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Identify these short stories by Nathaniel Hawthorne, FTPE:,
[10] Elizabeth refuses to marry Mr. Hooper when he will not remove the title object, which has had negative effects on the rest of the congregation as well.
Answer: "The Minister's Black Veil"
[10] The title character of this story has been raised among toxic plants which have turned her into a walking poison. Giovanni falls in love with her at first, but after she injures him he goes to Dr. Baglioni for an antidote to cure her.
Answer: "Rappaccini's Daughter"
[10] Robin arrives in Boston harbor to search for the title character of this other story, but soon discovers that no one is willing to help him, and the title character is found tarred and feathered.
Answer: "My Kinsman, Major Molineux"
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Answer some things related to El Greco, FTPE:,
[10] This work illustrates a legend in which St. Stephen and St. Augustine descend from heaven to personally perform the title ceremony, as Jesus watches from the swirling clouds above.
Answer: Burial of the Count of Orgaz
[10] A blue-clad St. John waves his arms across the top of this El Greco canvas, in which naked figures receive white robes and cower under a green tarp. It is often cited as inspiration for Picasso's Les Demoiselles d'Avignon.
Answer: Opening of the Fifth Seal
[10] Like El Greco, this other Spanish painter was nicknamed for his nationality. Known as Lo Spagnoletto, his works include a Martyrdom of St. Bartholomew in which that saint almost sinks to the floor as he is hoisted up a crucifix.
Answer: Jusepe De Ribera (accept any translation of his first name)
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Answer the following about American psychologists and their work, FTPE:,
[10] This principle from psychology states that responses to a situation that produce pleasure or satisfaction are more likely to occur the next time a person or animal is faced with that situation.
Answer: law of effect
[10] This American psychologist promulgated the law of effect.
Answer: Edward Thorndike
[10] This other American psychologist argued that counselors should create a comfortable environment for patients, a process he dubbed `client-centered therapy,' and he also wrote On Becoming a Person.
Answer: Carl Rogers
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This character loves Ikemefuna like a son but kills him by the orders of the priestess Chielo. FTPE:,
[10] Name this character who is forced to flee to his mother's village when his rifle goes off, and returns to find Umuofia overrun by missionaries.
Answer: Okonkwo
[10] Okonkwo is the protagonist of this Nigerian author's Things Fall Apart, and his grandson Obi appears in that work's sequel, No Longer at Ease.
Answer: Chinua Achebe
[10] This Achebe novel takes place in the fictional country of Kangan, where Sam seizes power during a military coup and Chris Oriko is the Commissioner for Information.
Answer: Anthills of the Savannah
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Its name derives from its unusual time signature, and its original recording featured Eugene White on bass. FTPE:,
[10] Name this jazz standard which was released on the album Time Out and contrary to popular belief was actually written by Paul Desmond.
Answer: "Take Five"
[10] "Take Five" was first performed by this man's namesake quintet. He also composed "Blue Rondo a la Turk" and followed up Time Out with Time Further Out.
Answer: Dave Brubeck
[10] This other jazz pianist won the first of his many Grammy awards with the album Conversations with Myself. He also performed on the Miles Davis classic "Blue in Green" from Kind of Blue and his other compositions include "Waltz for Debby" and "Turn Out the Stars."
Answer: Bill Evans
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This phenomenon is the cause of the A-type extinction vortex, and is particularly harmful in small popluations. FTPE:,
[10] Speciation often partially results from this phenomenon, the random change in the frequency of an allele. It is notably one of the main reasons why Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium doesn't really work.
Answer: genetic drift
[10] In this form of speciation, unlike sympatric, a barrier, often geographic, isolates two species and leads to reproductive isolation.
Answer: allopatric
[10] Sympatric speciation in plants often occurs due to this condition, which is shown in the Triangle of U and occurs due to incomplete mitosis.
Answer: polyploidy
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He put an end to the Ducal Revolts with the defeat of his brother Henry of Bavaria. FTPE:,
[10] Name this ruler who defeated the Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld and was crowned by Pope John XII.
Answer: Otto the Great or Otto I
[10] Otto the Great is generally considered the first ruler of this political entity, which lasted until Francis II abdicated during the Napoleonic wars.
Answer: Holy Roman Empire
[10] In order to win back the favor of the Church, this other Holy Roman Emperor undertook the "Walk to Canossa," after which he stood barefoot in the snow for three days waiting for Pope Gregory VII to let him inside.
Answer: Henry IV
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Answer the following about the rites of the eastern churches. FTPE:,
[10] In eastern churches this holiday typically features the Great Blessing of the Waters. Name this which celebrates the revelation of God in human form as Jesus.
Answer: Epiphany or Theophany
[10] In addition to different holiday names, the Eastern Liturgical calendar differs in that this period begins on Clean Monday. Oh yeah, it usually lasts forty days in the west.
Answer: Lent
[10] Though the eastern churches all maintain their individual archbishops, this current archbishop of Constantinople (or rather, Istanbul) remains first among equals in the Orthodox communion.
Answer: Bartholomew I

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