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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 EFT Tossups by Aaron Rosenberg 1
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This man's later works include novels in verse like Cavender's House, and his tributes to other authors include one in which the title character "puts the compromising chart /of hell before your eyes." Besides "Zola," he told one figure to "go to the western gate," and depicted an aging wife who attempts to hold onto her meaningless marriage in "Eros Turannos." In addition to the aforementioned "Luke Havergal," one of his title characters "missed the mediaeval grace / of iron clothing" while another was "a gentleman from sole to crown" looked at by all the people on the pavement. For ten points, name this American poet who authored "Miniver Cheevy" and wrote about a man who put a bullet through his head, "Richard Cory."
Answer: Edwin Arlington Robinson
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Tsui and Stormer verified one variety of this effect predicted by Laughlin to occur in quasiparticles, and the SPT and APT thrusters make use of it. Chern numbers are generated in one type of it, and this effect is also used to find hole density in a conductor. In plasmas, the parameter for it is given by the ratio of the gyrofrequency to the particle collision frequency. Klaus von Klitzing discovered a variety of it in MOSFETS which is quantized. This effect is used to determine the sign of the charge carriers in a conductor, and results due to the deflection of charge carriers by the Lorentz force. FTP, identify this effect in which a magnetic field perpendicular to an electric current produces a voltage across the conductor.
Answer: Hall effect (accept quantum hall effect before "plasmas")
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A man with a white beard gestures toward a green parrot in this painting, next to a monkey with a long tongue who shakes hands with a baby. The word "STOP" is faintly visible on a red sign, and on the right side of this painting three men unfurl a red banner while three other men sit on a barrel. The central figure is framed by two tilted mirrors, while at the left an X-ray of a human skull is visible. A hand emerges from a pipe grasping an orb in front of the central figure, who is surrounded by four wing-like projections in front of a turning gear. FTP, name this mural whose original version was destroyed for its portrayal of Lenin, painted by Diego Rivera.
Answer: Man at the Crossroads
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A woman in a bar in this game jokes that "I call this one humpty, and this one dumpty," much to the chagrin of a character who goes on a mental journey while spending a night in his home castle. This game features a train which serves free food even though its passengers are all dead, and General Leo dies during a skirmish in Thamasa. A castle with the ability to tunnel through the ground is the capital of Figaro, ruled by Edgar. Emperor Gestahl seeks to gain control of the Warring Triad, but he is betrayed by his court mage, which results in the world's continents getting split apart. FTP, name this Final Fantasy game in which Terra, Celes, and others seek espers in their battle against Kefka.
Answer: Final Fantasy VI ("Final Fantasy" not required once that phrase is read)
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This man became head of a special committee which impeached the Earl of Oxford and Viscount Bolingbroke, who had been responsible for sending this man to the Tower of London. He grew unpopular when he pardoned John Porteous, and Robert Jacomb had earlier saved this man from financial disaster. He reluctantly declared war on Spain to start the War of Jenkins' Ear. He also brought down the Peerage Bill, but rose to his most famous position due to his handling of the South Sea Bubble as First Lord of the Treasury, which led George II to make him leader of the House of Commons. For ten points, name this first prime minister of the United Kingdom.
Answer: Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford
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He sold the killer of Iphitus into slavery, and one of his sons, the founder of bucolic poetry, was blinded for his infidelity to Nomia. By Eupolemeia, he fathered a son with perfect memory, the Argonauts' herald Aethalides. Apollo sent this figure to learn divination from the Thriae in exchange for a pipe. Another of his sons stole the cattle of Eurytus, while this figure himself made the first lyre using gut from Apollo's stolen cattle. This father of Daphnis and Autolycus put an end to Io's guardian, whose features were later placed on the peacock. FTP, name this slayer of Argus and wielder of the caduceus, the Greek messenger god.
Answer: Hermes
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One skirmish in this conflict saw Henry C. Pate surrender after a fight near Robert Pearson's farmhouse, and the first outbreak of this conflict occurred when Samuel Jones led a mob which burned down the home of Charles Robinson. In addition to the Battle of Blackjack, another incident perpetrated by Charles Hamilton was dubbed the "Marais du Cygne" massacre by a poet, and this conflict also saw five settlers killed at the Pottawatomie Massacre. It was touched off by the passage of the Lecompton Constitution, while in Congress it led to the caning of Charles Sumner by Preston Brooks. FTP, identify this conflict which saw fighting between Border ruffians and free-soilers including John Brown, a prelude to the Civil War in a namesake Midwestern territory.
Answer: Bleeding Kansas
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Marvin Harris referred to this man's ideas as "historical-particularism," and one of this man's students authored The New World Negro. This teacher of Melville Herskovits established the International Journal of American Linguistics, and his articles on the Spanish Civil War were collected posthumously in Race and Democratic Society. Other works include Race, Language and Culture as well as Primitive Art, and another work is a collection of lectures at the Lowell Institute which argues that culture does not depend on any independent variables. Also the mentor of Edward Sapir, Margaret Mead, and a host of others, for ten points, name this author of The Mind of Primitive Man and so-called "father of American anthropology."
Answer: Franz Boas
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PBZ is an inhibitor of these compounds, which have been shown to trigger the activation of proteins like SYL1 in Arabidopsis. Receptors of these compounds bind to SCF protein complexes which in turn cause the destruction of DELLA proteins. They are synthesized from ent-kaurene and these diterpentinoid acids are commonly sprayed on seedless grapes to increase size. They also trigger the end of bud dormancy and the germination of seeds. Divided into GA, GB, and GC, for ten points, name these plant hormones which were discovered by E. Kurosawa as the source of "foolish seedling disease" and like auxins contribute to stem elongation.
Answer: Gibberellins
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One character in this work sings of betrayal by a cruel maid and asks to be buried in a cypress, and another character plans to hide at the Elephant in order to avoid being captured, but is dragged off to prison while spouting insults at the man to whom he loaned his purse. Another character attempts to decode the acronym M.O.A.I., and a pun-loving jester, sometimes called Feste, alters his voice to pass himself off as Sir Topas. Malvolio is duped into thinking that his employer is in love with him, while in fact that employer has fallen for a page calling himself Cesario. Opening with "If music be the food of life, play on," FTP, identify this Shakespeare comedy in which Viola dresses up as a man while Orsino woos Olivia.
Answer: Twelfth Night
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In Daniel Barenboim's 1991 recording of this opera, a group of well-dressed families brings televisions onto the stage at the end of the third act. One character refuses to partake in a blood oath because, he claims, his blood would spoil the drink, and he later sings "Hier sitz ich zur Wacht" while brooding on his evil plans. Waltraute informs her sister that their father has sunk into a catatonic state and piled logs around his home. Gutrune gives the male lead a potion to make him fall in love with her, but Hagen later reverses it in order to reclaim his father's treasure. FTP, Brunnhilde joins Siegfried on the funeral pyre to give the Rhinemaidens their gold back in what final opera from Wagner's Ring cycle?
Answer: Gotterdammerung or Twilight of the Gods
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In this novel, a dog dies when an artery bursts as it tries to catch up to the family car. The protagonist is injured by Fat Perce and Glandy Keith while flirting with a champion swimmer, and a filmmaker keeps his idiot daughter Toxy confined in a former palace. The narrator crashes into a group of language protesters while trying to impress Evelyn Burns by riding a bike. He soon discovers that he is telepathic due to his enormous snot-filled nose, and in an earlier episode Aadam Aziz is forced to examine a patient through a 7-inch hole in a sheet. FTP, name this novel in which Saleem Sinai is one of the 1,001 title characters born in India's first hour of independence, by Salman Rushdie.
Answer: Midnight's Children
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One algorithm named for him was developed by Stuart and Donald Geman and generates a sequence of samples from a joint probability distribution. The large oscillations in partial sums of Fourier series near jump discontinuities are known as his effect. One early paper by him described "Graphical Methods in the Thermodynamics of Fluids." He is the first namesake of an equation which describes changes in chemical potential along with Duhem, and another expression relates the degrees of freedom of a system to the number of components and phases present, his phase rule. For ten points, identify this American chemist who also names a quantity equal to delta H minus T delta S, his free energy.
Answer: Josiah Willard Gibbs
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Its constituent republics each appoint members of the 15-person Dom Naroda and its 26 kilometers of coastline are centered near the city of Neum. The Miljacka river flows through this country's capital, while the Sava forms part of its northern border. Valentin Inzko holds the office of High Representative in this country, while Zeljko Komsic is the current chairman of its three-person presidency. Banjaluka is one major city in this country, which is the origin of the Drina River. The Dayton Accords ended a 1990s conflict between this country and its parent state. For ten points, name this splinter state of Yugoslavia with capital at Sarajevo.
Answer: Bosnia and Herzegovina (do not prompt on partial answer)
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Dante Gabriel Rosetti described how this man "stayed the knout's red-ravening fangs." His reign saw the introduction of the markka currency after he reestablished the Diet of Finland, and this man appointed Pyotr Shubalov as head of his secret police. In addition to establishing local assemblies called zemstvos, he passed an army statute implemented by Dmitry Milyutin which provided military training for all young men. He gave broad powers to his interior minister Mikhail Loris-Melikhov, whose namesake constitution was still being planned when the terrorist group People's Will assassinated this man. FTP, name this Russian czar who emancipated the serfs.
Answer: Alexander II
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As a child, this novel's protagonist requested that a senator show him a family baptismal bowl, and another character gives endless lectures on how love is the cause of sufferings. The protagonist recalls how a childhood friend once lent him a pencil, and in one scene he dreams up a paradise while stranded outside in a storm. The nickname Rhadamanthus is applied to Director Behrens, and the protagonist falls for Clavdia even though she slams doors. Leo Naphta partakes in philosophical debates with his rival Settembrini, while this novel's central character originally comes to Switzerland to visit his cousin Joachim. FTP, identify this novel about Hans Castorp's seven-year stay in a sanatorium, by Thomas Mann.
Answer: The Magic Mountain or Die Zauberberg
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This man discussed a science of the human character which he dubbed "ethology," and one of his works critiques Henry Mansel's take on his master's view of the Absolute. Besides an Examination of Hamilton's Philosophy, One work by him posits four methods of induction and claims that deduction in general provides no new knowledge, while another work states that an individual's freedom can only be restrained in the interest of self-protection. Besides A System of Logic, he also authored The Subjection of Women, and another of his works defines happiness as the presence of pleasure and absence of pain. Also the author of On Liberty, FTP, identify this British philosopher, author of Utilitarianism.
Answer: John Stuart Mill
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This formation is home to the North American nebula, while the Veil Nebula forms a part of this asterism's namesake loop, the remnant of a supernova from over 15,000 years ago. Its alpha star is the prototype for a class of nonradially pulsating variables, and between this constellation and Cepheus lies the fireworks galaxy, source of the most supernovas on record. The aforementioned alpha star also forms the north-west vertex of the Summer Triangle. For ten points, name this constellation whose `head' is visualized as Deneb, is also known as the Northern Cross and is named for the bird it resembles.
Answer: Cygnus or the Swan
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The third movement of this work features four superimposed dominant-seventh chords, while the seven notes of the A harmonic minor scale form an ostinato chord in the second. The long rehearsal schedule required for this work resulted in the premiere being pushed back a season to make room for Ravel's Daphnis and Chloe. It opens with a bassoon playing an octave above middle C, which was partially responsible for the riot that rocked its premiere. It also features sections like "Procession of the Sage" and this work is divided into two large blocks: "The Adoration of the Earth" and "The Exalted Sacrifice." FTP, identify this ballet which depicts scenes from Russian pagan life, composed by Igor Stravinsky.
Answer: The Rite of Spring or Le Sacre du Printemps
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His son unknowingly broke a vow by consuming honeycomb, but thanks to the intervention of military leaders this man did not kill that son. After urinating inside a cave his cloak was silently torn, and in another tale a spear was stolen from beside his head while he was sleeping. He encountered the ghost of a prophet with the help of the witch of Endor, and to avoid being taunted by uncircumcised brutes he fell on his sword at Mount Gilboa. It was said that an evil spirit would enter his mind from time to time, and the music of a harp could drive it out, but he offered up a sacrifice and attacked the Philistines at Gilgal before Samuel arrived, eventually leading to his downfall. FTP, name this predecessor of David, the first king of Israel.
Answer: Saul
2009 EFT Bonuses by Aaron Rosenberg 1
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about the work of Ralph Waldo Emerson, FTPE:,
[10] In this essay, Emerson champions individualism and encourages his readers to break free of the world's opinions, and that great artists are defined by their willingness to break with their predecessors.
Answer: Self-Reliance
[10] In this speech originally delivered to the Phi Beta Kappa society, Emerson claims that society has now become so subdivided that the thinker is now merely a puppet, rather than "Man Thinking," as he should be.
Answer: The American Scholar
[10] In his essay "Nature," Emerson espouses a Buddhist-like view of our relationship with the world around us, claiming that when his egotism vanishes, he becomes a "transparent" one of these.
Answer: eyeball
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Answer some things about equations which use kinetic energy, FTPE:,
[10] In this man's namesake mechanics, a quantity named for him is equal to the kinetic energy of a system minus its potential energy. He also names a type of multiplier useful in solving optimization problems subject to constraints.
Answer: Joseph Louis Lagrange
[10] In classical statistical mechanics, this theorem states that molecules in thermal equilibrium have the same average energy associated with each independent degree of freedom of their motion.
Answer: equipartition theorem
[10] This other theorem states that for a stable system under potential forces, the total kinetic energy is equal to one half times the total potential energy.
Answer: virial theorem
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It was founded by General Yi Song-gye and featured a new aristocracy of scholarly officials, the yangban. FTPE:,
[10] Name this last Korean imperial dynasty, which saw the development of Hangul script.
Answer: Choson or Joseon
[10] Only a few years after the end of Joson, this man was elected president in absentia of the Korean Provisional Government, in 1919. He remained an activist for Korean independence for over forty years before becoming the first president of South Korea.
Answer: Syngman Rhee
[10] The Joson dynasty was preceded by this kingdom which was formed by the union of the earlier Three Kingdoms. Its king Gongmin managed to break free of Mongol control, but was unable to stop the dynasty's decline and eventual end in the late 14th century.
Answer: Goryeo
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Its highest mountain is Semeru. FTPE:,
[10] Name this island, the most populous in the world, and home to the city of Jakarta.
Answer: Java
[10] Java's most popular tourist attraction is this Mahayana Buddhist temple, and consists of six square platforms topped by three circular ones. The path to the top spirals around the outside and represents ascension through the top three levels of Buddhist cosmology.
Answer: Borobudur
[10] This other Indonesian island is located across the Makassar Strait from Borneo. It is characterized from four peninsulas spreading out from the center, including the northern one which frames the Gulf of Tomini.
Answer: Sulawesi or Celebes
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In this novel, boiling fat is poured over Zayde after the protagonist exposes him as a thief. FTPE:,
[10] Name this anonymous picaresque novel in which the central character learns some tricks from a blind beggar which he uses to survive in his journeys throughout Spain.
Answer: The Life of Lazarillo de Tormes
[10] Lazarillo de Tormes was an important influence on this author who wrote the pastoral novel La Galatea and described the misadventures of Don Quixote.
Answer: Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra
[10] Thanks to the success of Don Quixote, Cervantes also achieved success with this collection of short stories, which includes "The Lady Cornelia," "The Prevalence of Blood," and "The Spanish-English Lady," among others.
Answer: Exemplary Novels or Novelas Ejemplares
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They lost their namesake "Cisalpine" territory thanks to a bad treaty with Carthage. FTPE:,
[10] Name these Celtic people, who got into a war with Rome which produced some notable "commentaries" from Julius Caesar.
Answer: Gauls
[10] This leader of the Averni led the most successful resistance to Roman Conquest, managing to hold off Caesar at Gergovia.
Answer: Vercingetorix
[10] Unfortunately, Vercingetorix's luck would not last, as Caesar defeated him for good at this battle in present-day eastern France. He was then hauled off to Rome and exhibited to celebrate Caesar's triumph.
Answer: Battle of Alesia
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Its first act takes place in a Chinese restaurant, where Shelly Levene complains endlessly to John Williamson about his string of bad luck. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this play in which a group of real estate salesman rush to sell some pricy Florida land in order to escape firing and win a new Cadillac.
Answer: Glengarry Glen Ross
[10] Glengarry Glen Ross is one of this dramatist's many satirical takes on the American dream. He also wrote about Bobby Gould and Charlie Fox's filmmaking attempts in Speed-the-Plow as well as Sexual Perversity in Chicago.
Answer: David Mamet
[10] In this Mamet play, junkshop owner Don sends Teach to follow a customer as part of a plan to steal a prized coin.
Answer: American Buffalo
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This work's composer temporarily put it aside to finish the Occasional Oratorio as propaganda against the Jacobite Rebellion. FTPE:,
[10] Name this oratorio which contains the choruses "Sound an alarm" and "See, the conqu'ring hero comes!"
Answer: Judas Maccabeus
[10] Judas Maccabeus is a work by this German-born English composer of Messiah and the coronation anthem Zadok the Priest.
Answer: Georg Frederic Handel
[10] Handel also composed this work for wind band to celebrate the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle after the war of the Austrian Succession. The music was a huge hit, but during the celebration itself a building burned down.
Answer: Music for the Royal Fireworks
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At last year's EFT, the writers of Brown Quizbowl were accused of writing too many questions on male-oriented, or `guy' trash. Help us fight these accusations by answering some things about the Bravo network, FTPE:,
[10] Though it recently moved to Lifetime, this Bravo creation still sees aspiring fashion designers try to create the best clothing possible using items ranging from food to apartment furnishings. Leanne Marshall is the most recent winner; others include Chloe Dao and Jeffrey Sebelia.
Answer: Project Runway
[10] Project Runway is hosted by this supermodel, who bids farewell to eliminated contestants with a characteristic "auf wiedersehen."
Answer: Heidi Klum
[10] After tackling Orange County and New York, Bravo's Real Housewives franchise has recently begun a new series in this city, focusing on "NeNe" Leakes, Sheree Whitfield, and former Xscape star Kandi Burruss.
Answer: Atlanta
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The Mitsunobu reaction is a general procedure for performing substitution reactions on them. FTPE:,
[10] Name these compounds which contain a hydroxyl functional group.
Answer: alcohols
[10] These compounds are similar to alcohols except that they have a sulfur in place of oxygen.
Answer: thiols
[10] Secondary and tertiary alcohols are typically substituted using this mechanism after first reacting with a mineral acid to form a good leaving group. It doesn't work for primary alcohols because a stable carbocation cannot form.
Answer: SN1 or unimolecular nucleophilic substitution
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One member of this family secretly purchased the captured crown jewels of Charles the Bold from the city of Basel. FTPE:,
[10] Name this German banking family based in Augsburg which reached its height under Jakob and dominated European business during the 15th and 16th centuries.
Answer: the Fuggers
[10] This other German banking family, which survives to this day, was founded by Mayer Amschel and first gained power in the Napoleonic Wars before gaining even more power in the Industrial Revolution.
Answer: Rothschild
[10] The Rothschilds were based in this city, which was home to the Bundestag from 1816 to 1866 before being annexed by Prussia. It sits on the Main River.
Answer: Frankfurt
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Four of his poems were set to music in Gustav Mahler's Das Lied von der Erde. FTPE:,
[10] Name this alcohol-loving poet of "Drinking Alone by Moonlight."
Answer: Li Po or Li Bai or Li Tai Bo
[10] The addressee of this Li Po poem has gone "far into Ku-to-en, by the land of the swirling eddies." At least, that's what happens in the messed-up translation by that fascist Ezra Pound.
Answer: "The River Merchant's Wife"
[10] This contemporary of Li Po, who is probably best known for not being Li Po, described him as one of the immortals "of the Wine Cup," and his other poems include "The Song of the Wagons" and "On Visiting the Temple of Laozi."
Answer: Du Fu or Tu Fu
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He allegorically depicted influences on his own artistic style in The Artist's Studio. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this French realist painter of Burial at Ornans and The Stone Breakers, who also felt compelled to paint a woman's genitalia in The Origin of the World.
Answer: Gustave Courbet
[10] This other French realist and founder of the Barbizon school sought to do away with the conception that art should capture dignity or exalt high subject material. He is probably best known for depicting peasant farmers in works like The Gleaners.
Answer: Jean-Francois Millet
[10] This Millet painting shows a farmer and his wife gazing down at a basket as if in prayer, standing next to their pitchfork and wheelbarrow as yellow sunlight beams from the background.
Answer: The Angelus
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It is used to find the direction of steepest descent. FTPE:,
[10] Name this mathematical operator, symbolized by a nabla (or upside-down delta). In three-dimensional Cartesian space, applying it to a scalar field will produce a vector field whose components are the three first partial derivatives of the scalar field with respect to x, y, and z.
Answer: gradient (accept grad or del)
[10] If a vector field is the gradient of some scalar, line integrals of the vector field can be solved easily using this theorem's line integral version. In its more common form, it relates integrals to antiderivatives, and Green's theorem and Stokes's theorem are higher-dimensional versions of it.
Answer: Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
[10] In multiple integration, the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus can be applied to one integral at a time, thanks to this theorem which states that the order of integration does not matter.
Answer: Fubini's theorem
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Answer the following about anti-competitive business practices and their consequences, FTPE:,
[10] Due to price markup, monopolies generally cause this, which is defined as potential gains that are never transferred to anyone. Christmas shopping is an oft-cited example of it, and is usually represented as a triangle on a graph.
Answer: deadweight loss
[10] Antitrust laws generally forbid this process, by which a producer allows a consumer to purchase a good only if they also purchase some second, often unrelated, good.
Answer: bundling or tying
[10] Though rare in practice, similar problems result in this situation in which there is only one buyer but many sellers. Examples include single-payer health care systems and, some have argued, Wal-Mart.
Answer: monopsony
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This architect also achieved fame for his stage designs for the plays of Ben Jonson like The Masque of Blackness. FTPE:,
[10] Name this English architect who designed the Queen's House at Greenwich, London.
Answer: Inigo Jones
[10] Jones is also noted for his work on the restoration of this building, which was later rebuilt by Christopher Wren after it was destroyed in the Great Fire of London. Most of Jones's work, including the portico, was lost in the flames.
Answer: St. Paul's Cathedral
[10] Jones may be best known for his work on this building at Whitehall Palace. It is laid out in the form of a double cube and features two orders of Ionic and Corinthian columns above a rusticated base.
Answer: the Banqueting House
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Identify the following about brain anatomy, FTPE:,
[10] Its myriad functions include controlling food intake, sex drive, and fight-or-flight reaction. Identify this region of the brain which links the nervous system to the endocrine system by controlling the pituitary gland.
Answer: hypothalamus
[10] This lobe of the brain contains the primary auditory cortex which receives signals from the cochlea. It also contains the hippocampus and thus plays an important role in memory.
Answer: temporal lobe
[10] This other region of the brain is located within the basal ganglia; it sends out fibers to tissues on both sides of the brain and is degenerated in Parkinson's disease.
Answer: substantia nigra
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His letters and sermons were compiled by al-Sharif al-Radi into the Nahj al-balaghah. FTPE:,
[10] Name this son-in-law and cousin of the prophet Muhammad, whom Shi'a Muslims regard as the first Imam.
Answer: Ali
[10] Sunnis regard Ali as the fourth "rightly guided" of these Islamic heads of state. After Ali's death, a dispute over the succession to this title was one reason for the Sunni-Shi'a split.
Answer: caliphs
[10] Ali was the father of Husayn ibn Ali, whose death at the hands of Yazid I at the Battle of Karbala is commemorated during this period of mourning, whose tenth day is called Ashura.
Answer: Muharram
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This work's protagonist is so fascinated with intrigue and murder that she is disappointed to learn that Mrs. Tilney died a natural death. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this Jane Austen novel in which the Gothic fiction-loving Catherine Morland ends up marrying Henry.
Answer: Northanger Abbey
[10] Northanger Abbey takes stabs at the entire gothic genre, including this first gothic novel by Horace Walpole which sees Conrad crushed to death by a giant helmet, leading Manfred to suspect supernatural workings.
Answer: The Castle of Otranto
[10] This other gothic novelist wrote about Emily St. Aubert and her love of Valancourt in The Mysteries of Udolpho, which sets of Catherine's obsession with the Gothic. She also wrote The Italian.
Answer: Ann Radcliffe
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It failed to stop the onset of World War II, though it is often seen as the capstone of American foreign policy in the 1920s. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this treaty named for an American Secretary of State and French foreign minister which outlawed war.
Answer: Kellogg-Briand Pact
[10] The Kellogg-Briand Pact was a successor to this 1921 meeting spearheaded by Charles Evans Hughes which sought to end the international arms race by placing limits on the construction of large warships
Answer: Washington Naval Conference
[10] This treaty signed at the Washington Naval Conference affirmed the continuation of the Open Door Policy in China. Like the two other treaties signed at the conference, it is named for its number of signatories.
Answer: Nine-Power Pact
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Identify these characters from Arthurian legend, FTPE:,
[10] This son of Lancelot and Elaine survives sitting in the Siege Perilous, and thanks to his chastity, he later achieves the grail and dies as a result.
Answer: Galahad
[10] This man continuously searches for a monster called the Questing Beast. He challenges Arthur to a joust and breaks his sword, but Arthur receives Excalibur as a replacement.
Answer: Pellinore
[10] In order to conceive Arthur, Uther Pendragon was disguised to resemble this man, husband of Ygerna. He is also the father of Morgause and Morgan.
Answer: Gorlois or the Duke of Cornwall

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