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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Chicago Open Tossups by Weiner
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This work ends with two minuets, the first in D minor, and the second in D major. It features a bass flute in its second section, a lively bourree, and was commissioned after its composer wrote the oratorios Susannah and Samson. Scored for twelve bassoons, twenty-four oboes, nine horns, nine trumpets, three timpani, and a contrabassoon, this French-style suite also contains a movement played three times on different instruments, "La Rejouissance," as well as a siciliana titled "La Paix." It was first performed near a structure built by Giovanni Servandoni, which caught fire during theoverture. Composed to celebrate the signing of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, FTP, identify this 1749 suite by Handel.
Answer: Music for the Royal Fireworks [accept HWV 351]
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He recants his story of catching his wife in bed with another man, claiming he was hallucinating, after being questioned by a man who earlier told him that being evil for one hour is worse than being the title type of person for a lifetime. He buries urine-soaked food in the frozen ground after initially planning to distribute it to the townsfolk as a form of a revenge, following a vision of the Spirit of Evil. Four months into his marriage, his wife gives birth to a child that she insists belongs to him despite the pair never sleeping together. He had broken with tradition to give a dowry to the promiscuous Elka, in the title story of a 1957 collection that was translated by Saul Bellow into English from Yiddish. FTP, name this gullible baker in a Polish shtetl who titles a story by Isaac Bashevis Singer.
Answer: "Gimpel the Fool" [or "Gimpel Tam"]
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A negative solution to it over the rationals would imply the falsity of Mazur's conjecture. Building on the J.R. hypothesis, Hilary Putnam and Martin Davis helped formulate a theorem about recursively enumerable sets to solve this problem. The final step in the theorem which solved this problem was demonstrated through the use of Fibonacci numbers, while Turing showed that it was undecidable, Finally shown to be insoluble by Yuri Matiyasevich, for ten points, identify this problem which asked for an algorithm that could determine the existence or nonexistence of an integer solution to arbitrary Diophantine equations.
Answer: Hilbert's Tenth Problem (accept logical equivalents like "algorithmic solubility of Diophantine equations" or decision problem or Entscheidungsproblem until mentioned)
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An account of this battle was written by liaison officer General August von Cramon and the retreat here was written about by George Macaulay Trevelyan, a Chief of the British Red Cross. The winners dispatched Konrad Kraft von Dellmensingen, an expert on mountain warfare, to plan the site of attack after Arz von Straussenberg had asked for support. The losing general declared in his communique that his defeat was due to a "soldier strike;" he was forced to resign in its aftermath and replaced with Armando Diaz. After this offensive was halted, a new defensive position was set up by the losers at the Piave River. Also known as the Twelfth Battle of Isonzo, this contest saw the defeat of Luigi Cadorna at the hands of a German and Austro-Hungarian coalition in October and November of 19 FTP, name this major loss for the Italians in World War I.
Answer: Battle of Caporetto (accept Twelfth Battle of Isonzo before mentioned)
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Olivier de la Grandville formulated equations for finding the area of this economist's namesake diamond. This economist found that the moving average of a random series may produce oscillations in an equation named for him and Yule, which he introduced in his paper "The Summation of Random Causes as a Source of Cyclical Processes." Independently of Ragnar Frisch, he theorized that business cycles are caused by a succession of minor shocks. In his paper "On the Theory of the Budget of the Consumer," he introduced an equation which calculates changes in demand caused by changes in price by summing the income and substitution effects. FTP, name this Russian economist best known for his namesake decomposition.
Answer: Eugene Slutsky
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This book claims that, because scientists do not understand the philosophy of science, there is no useful division between learned and ignorant people. It cites the demographic figures of Werner Sombart to support its claim that past states were remarkably small, and it claims that the bourgeoisie openness towards innovation led to the early adoption of gunpowder exclusively by anti-noble movements of the middle class. It uses the phrase "integration, not lamination" to describe a plan for European unity and discusses the problematic expansion of the "purchasing power of life" in the technological age. Based on the author's 1928 Argentinian lectures, this work decries the "barbarism of specialization" and draws from its author's earlier book Invertebrate Spain. FTP, name this 1930 work which also decries the common man who seeks to overthrow his natural destiny, written by Jose Ortega y Gasset.
Answer: The Revolt of the Masses [or La rebelion de las masas]
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One of his plays follows the pianist Gosta, who tries to assassinate Florent but is prevented by his former fiancee, the violinist Therese Tarde. Another is about Isabelle, a ballet dancer who becomes involved in a scheme to break up Frederic and Diana by Frederic's twin Hugo. This author of Restless Heart and Ring Around the Moon discussed Joan of Arc in his work The Lark and another Christian martyr in a play that appeared twenty-five years after Eliot's Murder in the Cathedral and was subtitled "Or, the Honor of God," his Becket. He has the title character handcuffed, and dresses guards in leather jackets and modern-style army helmets, to create a sense of anachronism in his 1944 reinterpretation of a Sophocles play. FTP, name this author of Antigone, a self-proclaimed nonpolitical French dramatist.
Answer: Jean Anouilh
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One part of this work criticizes the use of a "civil sword" in helping governments achieve their ends as a "woeful experience", and another part contrasts the horn of a rhinoceros or unicorn with the power of truth. The ninth of its main points criticizes the application of uniformity to a populace, while the seventh of its points declares the government of the Land of Israel to be figurative. Partly written as an extension to its authors' earlier Mr. Cotton's Letter, it begins by decrying the splitting of thousands of souls by the "wars of present and former ages" and ends by affirming that a civil magistrate cannot interfere with the church. Primarily a dialog between Truth and Peace and written immediately after its author's exile, FTP, name this pamphlet on religious liberty written by Roger Williams.
Answer: The Bloody Tenent of Persecution
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Diethyl oxalate and a zinc catalyst, followed by a decarboxylation, are used to create versions of this compound in the Reissert synthesis. Three equivalents of a vinyl Grignard reagent can be used to synthesize substituted ones in the Bartoli synthesis, while a two-step reaction using Raney nickel synthesizes these compounds from o-nitro-toluenes in the Leimgruber-Batcho reaction. Buchwald modified the earliest synthesis of this compound with a palladium catalyst, and the original version of that reaction used phenyl-hydrazine and a ketone and is named for Emil Fischer. Consisting of a benzene ring fused to pyrrole, FTP, name this compound found in the side chain of tryptophan, first formed by reacting indigo with oleum.
Answer: indole [or 2,3-benzopyrrole; or ketole; or 1-benzazole (prompt on partials) ]
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This play's prologue compares its author to a "young Don Quixote" who will fight "Till every drop of blood-that's ink-is spilt for you." In the first act of this play, a virtuous character is pursued by Crabtree and Sir Benjamin Backbite. In act four, one character uses a rolled-up family tree to auction off family portraits to a relative disguised as Master Premium in order to pay off debts to the Jewish moneylender Moses. In a later scene, Sir Peter knocks down a screen after being told a French milliner is hiding behind it, only to reveal the hypocrisy of Joseph by discoveringLady Teazleinstead.It ends with Oliver giving his blessing to Maria and Charles Surface, who overcome Snake's efforts to divide them. FTP, name this play about the malicious gossip spread by Lady Sneerwell, a comedy by Richard Brinsley Sheridan.
Answer: The School for Scandal
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Schmader and Johns found that this concept reduced subjects' working memory. In 1999, evidence for this concept was strengthened by an experiment which alternately told subjects that a golf test measured "sports intelligence" or "natural athletic ability." The psychologist who developed this concept argued that it results in "disidentification," and demonstrated that it differed from self-fulfilling prophecy in an experiment where white subjects only did worse than Asians on a math test after being told that Asians generally scored higher on it. It was first identified by Joshua Aronson and Claude Steele, who found that black students performed worse than whites on a GRE exam only when it was described as a test of their intellectual ability. FTP, name this concept by which a subject's performance is lowered by their knowledge of a negative categorization of a group.
Answer: stereotype threat
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One of this man's paintings depicts a group of men in red shirts on horseback unleashing a group of dogs, and he depicted himself standing next to Giotto and Donatello in a work housed in the Louvre. In addition to The Hunt in the Forest and Five Famous Men, he painted a series of Old Testament scenes for the Green Cloister of the Santa Maria Novella. Vasari's Lives of the Artists noted this man's obsession with perspective, which can be seen in his Funerary Monument to Sir John Hawkwood. He shows a knight stabbing a lizard in the eye in his version of St. George and the Dragon. He's most famous for a set of three works depicting Niccolo da Tolentino and the Florentine cavalry in combat. FTP, name this 15th century painter of The Battle of San Romano.
Answer: Paulo Uccello
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The explorer Zhang Qian referred to this region as Anxi, and this empire sent the Buddhist monk An Shih Kao to Luoyang. A namesake history of it was written in 1893 by George Rawlinson. An attempt to declare independence from this polity was made by the conqueror Gondophares, and in the process he displaced the northern Saka people. It met its downfall with the defeat of Vologases V, and this empire had been founded when the satrap Andragoras was overthrown by Arsaces I. Their mounted archers' use of a reverse shot allowed Surena to win a key victory for this kingdom over Marcus Licinius Crassus at the Battle of Carrhae. Lead at its height by Mithridates the Great, FTP, name this empire that ruled Iran and its surroundings between the 3rd century BC and the 4th century AD.
Answer: Parthians or Parthian Empire or Ashkanians
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One component of its genome is responsible for inhibiting the protein APOBEC3G, and another one of its proteins' HR1 and HR2 regions self-interact, forming a hairpin during one stage of its life cycle. It can sometimes co-internalize with the lectin receptor DC-SIGN, and its genome enters the nucleus via the use of Rev Response Elements. Commonly using either CXCR4 or CCR4 to enter a cell, this virus uses its gp120 and gp41 proteins for binding and membrane fusion. Raltegravir is a new drug designed to target this lentivirus' integrase protein, and it requires a namesake protease to cleave the chimeric gag-pol protein. FTP, name this retrovirus that infects helper T-cells and macrophages, the causative agent of AIDS.
Answer: Human Immunodefiency Virus
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One object carried by this god is used to threaten another figure with the curse of having to marry a three-headed giant. Before entering another figures' hall, he is barked at by a group of wild dogs and told by a shepherd that his quest is futile. The actions of this deity forced another god to fight the giant Beli with an antler instead of his usual armament, and this god offers 11 golden apples and Draupnir before threatening to destroy the world. He was also sent to order the dwarves to fashion Gleipnir, and he wields the magic sword Gambantein. Sent by his master to Gymir's Hall in Jotunheim to woo the giantess Gerd, FTP, name this Norse god, the hand servant of Frey whose name means "the shining one"
Answer: Skirnir
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This author wrote the introduction to Keorapetse Kgositsile's poetry collection Places and Bloodstains, and Charles Nnolim accused this author of plagiarizing from the novel The History of Umuchu. This authorrecountedhis upbringing in his essay"Named for Victoria, Queen of England," which appears in his collection Morning Yet on Creation Day. His disgust with Joyce Cary's Mister Johnson inspired him to write his first novel, and this founding editor of the literary magazine Okike responded to his country's civil war with the poetry collection Beware, Soul Brother. Odili Samalu loses an election to the corrupt Nanga in his novel A Man of the People, and his collection Hopes and Impediments contains "An Image of Africa," his essay attacking the racism of Heart of Darkness. FTP, name this novelist of Arrow of God, Anthills of the Savannah, and Things Fall Apart.
Answer: Chinua Achebe
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The leader of this organization was captured partially due to police officers finding empty tubes of psoriasis cream in a dumpster, and this group was opposed by so-called "peasant rounds" during its early activities. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission was set up to investigate the atrocities committed by this group, which recently took 70 Technit employees hostage. This group claimed responsibility for the Tarata Street bombing, the assassination of Maria Moyano, and the 1983 bombing of Popular Action's headquarters. It was founded as an offshoot of Bandera Roja, and its current leaders is "Comrade Artemio." Initially founded by Abimael Guzman in the Ayacucho region, FTP, name this Maoist organization that launched a civil war in Peru in the 1980s.
Answer: Shining Path or Sendero Luminoso (accept Communist Party of Peru or Partido Comunista del Peru early)
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Robert Duncan and Christopher Thompson first formulated the definitive theory of these objects, which they proposed as an explanation for soft gamma repeaters. Much of the evidence for the existence of these objects was collected by Chryssa Kouveliotou from the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer, and their surfaces are thought to be covered in fibers of compressed atoms, while Alfven heating is thought to drive their wind-aided spindown model of energy loss. Vacuum birefringence is hypothesized to occur in the vicinity of these objects, and like the larger class of objects to which they belong, their mass is subject to the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff limit. Forming when a helically stable dynamo arises during gravitational collapse, for ten points, identify these neutron stars with incredibly strong magnetic fields.
Answer: magnetars (do not accept or prompt on "neutron stars")
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This band is the subject of Rodger Grossman's film What We Do Is Secret, while Brendan Mullen wrote a history of this band titled after one of their EPs entitled Lexicon Devil. Its drummer, Dottie Danger, would go on to front the Go-Gos under her real name, Belinda Carlisle, and Georg Ruthenberg was a founding member of this band, long before he joined Nirvana and then the Foo Fighters under the name Pat Smear. This band briefly reunited and played its last show on December 3rd, 1980, four days before its lead singer committed suicide through an intentional heroin overdose. FTP, identify this band which released the first Los Angeles punk record, Formed, and which was fronted by Jan Paul Beahm, also known as Darby Crash.
Answer: The Germs
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A friar creeps from a quiet monastery to observe dead "lords of chivalry" killed by Bartholomew in this author's poem"Necrological." The speaker of another of his poems asserts "Great lovers lie in Hell" before writing "Let them lie perilous and beautiful" on an epitaph for an intertwined couple. In addition to "The Equilibrists" and "Dead Boy," he argued that science destroyed the mystery of God in his"unorthodox defense of orthodoxy," God Without Thunder. His critical works include The World's Body and "Wanted: An Ontological Critic," which he contributed to an essay collection he edited, The New Criticism. This author of the first essay in I'll Take My Stand also wrote a poem about the "brown study / Lying so primly propped" of a girl who had "such speed in her little body / and such lightness in her footfall." FTP, name this member of the Fugitives, the poet of "Bells for John Whiteside's Daughter."
Answer: John Crowe Ransom
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This man saw firsthand the death of Joao de Castro, the discoverer of the effect of magnetism on compass needles, who died in his arms. Some standard biographies of this man have been written by Georg Schurhammer and James Brodrick. One of his projects was inspired by a meeting with the curious Anjiro, who traveled with him to a place where he wrote of "the best people yet discovered." He used Tamil translators to work with the Paravas, one activity that led to his later naming as the patron saint of missionary work. FTP, name this Basque man who was dubbed the "Apostle of the Indies" for his work as a leading Catholic missionary in Malaysia, India, and Japan, after he took vows with Ignatius Loyola as one of the original seven Jesuits.
Answer: Francis Xavier [or Francisco Javier]
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Joseph Hooker was the first European to describe the region surrounding this mountain, while a 1955 expedition headed by Charles Evans stopped a few feet short of its peak out of respect for local religious beliefs. Described in a 1903 book by Douglas Freshfield, its massif splits into four ridges each of which houses a glacier, with the Zemu glacier serving as the route attempted by Paul Bauer in 1929 and 19 Rinzin Namgyal made the first map of this mountain, which is located on the border of Sikkim, just northwest of Darjeeling, from which it can be seen. With a name that translates from Tibetan as "Five Treasuries of the Great Snow," FTP, identify this Himalayan peak, the third highest mountain in the world.
Answer: Kangchenjunga or Kumbhkaran Lungur
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One recent modification of this experiment used cold rubidium atoms in an atomic fountain in order to create an atomic interferometer, and was carried out by Fray and Weitz. A team lead by Vessot and Levine used a rocket-mounted hydrogen maser to confirm the results of this experiment, and its accuracy was improved by one of its namesakes and Snider. Scattering was cut down by the use of a mylar bag filled with helium in this experiment, which used two samples of iron 57, one placed on the roof of the Jefferson laboratory in a loudspeaker cone, and another absorbing sample in the basement. FTP, name this experiment that used the Mossbauer effect to measure gravitational redshift, named for two Harvard physicists.
Answer: Pound-Rebka-Snider Experiment
2008 Chicago Open Bonuses by Weiner
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It chronicles events which happened at the "House of Justice" from April to August 19 FTPE:,
[10] Name this book, written for The New Yorker, which followed the trial of a man who used the pseudonym "Ricardo Klement" and his death sentence for "crimes against humanity."
Answer: Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil
[10] This author of The Origins of Totalitarianism and Men in Dark Times wrote Eichmann in Jerusalem. ANSWER: Hannah Arendt
Answer: Love and Saint Augustine
[10] Developed out of her PhD dissertation, this Arendt book analyzes the concepts of caritas and cupiditas and concludes with "Social Life," connecting caritas to original sin.
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She worked with George Mead in the Chicago School of Sociology, where his symbolic interactionism influenced her ideas. FTPE:,
[10] Name this first American woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, considered the founder of the American Settlement House movement, one example of which is her Hull House.
Answer: Jane Addams
[10] This cooperative home colony was founded by Upton Sinclair in 1906, his vision of socialist Utopia on the Jersey Palisades near Englewood, but within a year it had burned down. Sinclair Lewis worked here as a janitor.
Answer: Helicon Hall
[10] This settlement hall on the East End of London was the inspiration for Jane Addams' Hull House. It's named for the historian who wrote Lectures on the Industrial Revolution in England and A Study of History.
Answer: Toynbee Hall
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Both Segre's theorem and a theorem due to Hurwitz provide methods for approximating these numbers. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these numbers, examples of which include every number of the form n to the one-over-m power, where n is not the mth power of an integer.
Answer: irrational numbers
[10] Legendre proved that this quantity, as well as its square is irrational. It is also transcendental by a theorem due to Lindemann.
Answer: pi
[10] Algebraic irrational numbers appear in the exponent of this theorem, which states that if a is algebraic and b is algebraic and irrational, a to the b power is transcendental.
Answer: Gelfond's Theorem
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It established a two-week period for all non-repentant members of a group it called the "RPR" to leave the kingdom. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1685 decree of Louis XIV, which ended toleration of Huguenots in France.
Answer: Edict of Fontainebleau
[10] Louis thus overturned this 1598 promulgation of his grandfather, Henry IV, which had established the "places de surete" and brought an end to the Wars of Religion.
Answer: Edict of Nantes
[10] The Edict of Nantes was earlier modified by Richelieu in 1629, who disallowed the Huguenots from maintaining military strongholds by way of this settlement.
Answer: Peace of Alais (or Ales)
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Its final match saw Rinat Dasayev beaten twice, and it was the penultimate tournament featuring the USSR. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this soccer tournament, the only major international tournament won by the Netherlands.
Answer: 1988 UEFA European Football Championship
[10] This Dutch forward scored a hat-trick against England in the tournament as well as the last goal of the final. Until his team's ignominious exit at the hands of the Russians in Euro 2008, he was the coach of the Dutch national team.
Answer: Marcel (Marco) van Basten
[10] As of July 1st, Van Basten has begun his tenure as manager of this most famous Dutch football club, which saw a period of European dominance during the early 70s while featuring Johann Crujiff.
Answer: Ajax Amsterdam (or AFC Ajax)
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These objects were used to plot learning curves, which attempted to distinguish whether their subjects were using insight to escape. FTPE:,
[10] Name these objects into which Edward Thorndike placed cats, much to the chagrin of Rommy Masrour.
Answer: Puzzle boxes
[10] Thorndike used his puzzle boxes to formulate this law, which states that responses to stimuli that create a pleasant situation are likely to reoccur. RJ Hernstein quantified it.
Answer: Law of Effect
[10] Thorndike also investigated this cognitive bias by interviewing commanders. In short, it states that a single positive or negative attribute influences the perception of all other attributes.
Answer: Halo Effect
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Its role in the namesake childhood eye tumor was evidence for the two hit hypothesis of cancer development. FTPE:,
[10] Name this prominent tumor suppressor protein that normally keeps the cell cycle in check until it is phosphorylated by Cyclin D / cdk4 and 6, and Cyclin E / cdk2.
Answer: Retinoblastoma protein [or pRb]
[10] pRb keeps the cell cycle in the G1 phase, prior to this phase of DNA replication.
Answer: S phase [or synthesis phase]
[10] Until it is phosphorylated, pRb binds members of this major family of transcription factors, which dimerize with a DP protein when they become activated to push the cell forward into S phase.
Answer: E2F
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A boy in a black shirt stands at the right of this painting, and the table in front of the title character contains several bowls and a mortar and pestle. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1618 painting, possibly depicting the creation of breakfast
Answer: Old Woman Frying Eggs
[10] Old Woman Frying Eggs was created by this court painter of Phillip IV, whose other works include The Feast of Bacchus and a portrait of Innocent X.
Answer: Diego Velasquez
[10] This Velasquez work depicts a battle of the Eighty Years War. A rifleman in green on the left faces the viewer while two men in the center argue.
Answer: Surrender at Breda
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Early scenes show news of Zoya's suicide and Elzevir starting a fire by knocking over a stove. FTPE:,
[10] Name this play in which Ivan Prisypkin and the title insect are reanimated in the Soviet Union of the future, only to corrupt the society with their archaic ways.
Answer: The Bedbug: An Extravaganza in Nine Scenes [or Klop]
[10] This author of Moscow is Burning and The Bedbug, a Russian inspired by the Futurist movement, also wrote a poem about a man with the title number of heads beating up Woodrow Wilson, called "One Hundred and Fifty Million."
Answer: Vladimir Mayakovsky
[10] The naive British socialist Pont Kich visits Russia in this Mayakovsky play, which follows the invention of a time machine by Chudakov and the Phosphorescent Woman's attempt to take selected Communists into the future. ANSWER: The Bathhouse: A Drama in Six Acts with a Circus and Fireworks [or Banya]
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Identify some key texts in Zen Buddhism, FTPE:,
[10] Zen Buddhism's origins lie in this event, during which the Sakyamani Buddha held up the title object and was able to transmit thoughts directly into the mind of his disciple.
Answer: Flower Sermon
[10] Published about one hundred years before the Gateless Gate, this collection of koans includes "Kyozan's Not Wandering" and "Nansen and the Flower".
Answer: Blue Cliff Record or Hekiganroku
[10] Parts of this sutra are chanted during Zen ceremonies. It was transmitted by Avalokitesvara to Sariputra, who experiences liberation through meditation.
Answer: Heart of Perfect Wisdom Sutra
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One side gained the Southern half of Sakhalin as the result of this treaty, which was negotiated by Theodore Roosevelt. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1905 treaty.
Answer: Treaty of Portsmouth
[10] The 1.7 billion yen cost of the war and "shameful" nature of the Treaty of Portsmouth caused riots in this park next to the Imperial palace on the day after its signing.
Answer: Hibiya Park
[10] The Russo-Japanese war was partly precipitated by this 1895 action, in which Russia, France, and Germany forced Japan to return the Liaodong Peninsula to China.
Answer: Triple Intervention
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A secondary one occurs when the bond in question isn't broken in the rate limiting step. FTPE:,
[10] Name this effect, in which replacing the atoms in a bond with heavier analogues causes a decrease in the rate of a reaction. Primary ones are used to find the rate limiting step of enzyme-catalyzed reactions.
Answer: Kinetic isotope effect
[10] A decrease in the kinetic isotope effect of a reaction may indicate that this process is occurring. Esaki designed a diode that uses this effect, and alcohol dehydrogenase uses this effect to enhance its rate.
Answer: Quantum tunneling
[10] This equation is used to convert between the value of the deuterium isotope effect and tritium isotope effect. It involves an exponent of 1.442.
Answer: Swain equation
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Answer some questions about the women in the life of everyone's favorite sun deity, Helios, FTPE.,
[10] Helios kept exactly 350 cattle on Thrinacia, guarded by this eldest daughter of his. Her sister Phaethusa helped her in this task.
Answer: Lampetia
[10] Helios got down with this Oceanid in order to father the Heliades. She's also the mother of a boy who asked to drive his chariot, Phaethon.
Answer: Clymene
[10] By Perse, Helios was also the mother of this woman, the mother of Phedre and the wife of Minos who also gave birth to the Minotaur
Answer: Pasiphae
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Name these non-novelic works by Thomas Hardy, FTPE.,
[10] This short story published in Wessex Tales deals with a young man lying about his engagement to Milly Richards, since he meets two other passed lovers Hannah Jolliver and Unity Sallet.
Answer: "Tony Kytes, the Arch-Deceiver"
[10] This poem, subtitled "Lines on the loss of the Titanic," describes that vessel as a "sea-worm" and its "steel chambers" as the "pyres/Of her salamandrine fires".
Answer: "Convergence of the Twain"
[10] Written in the months before the Great War, this Hardy poem foretells destruction "as far inland as Stourton Tower,/And Camelot, and starlit Stonehenge."
Answer: "Channel Firing"
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She got married in February 1387 after the Pope intervened against her reluctant husband. FTPE:,
[10] Name this mother of such figures as King Duarte I and Prince Henry the Navigator, who united the English nobility with the Portuguese royal House of Aviz when she wed Joao I.
Answer: Philippa of Lancaster [prompt on partial answer]
[10] Philippa was the daughter of this duke, a son of Edward III who was an important powerbroker during the rule of Richard II and the ancestor of the House of Lancaster.
Answer: John of Gaunt [prompt on partial answer]
[10] The House of Aviz ruled Portugal for another two centuries, until this elderly archbishop of Lisbon was put on the throne as a result of the Battle of the Three Kings and died without issue.
Answer: Henry the Cardinal-King [or Henrique o Cardeal-Rei; prompt on partial answer]
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Amintor kills the disguised Aspatia in a duel in this play, while Evadne attempts to atone for her adultery by tying the King of Rhodes to his bed and stabbing him to death. FTPE:,
[10] Name this play, which ends with Melantius making piece with Calianax.
Answer: The Maid's Tragedy
[10] Along with A King and No King and Cupid's Revenge, The Maid's Tragedy was one of many plays co-written by John Fletcher and this author of Salmacis and Hermaphroditus.
Answer: Francis Beaumont
[10] Possibly written by the duo or by Beaumont alone, this play is about Gondarino, the title opponent of such figures as Oriana. It also features Lazarillo, who longs to eat fish heads.
Answer: The Woman Hater
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In ferromagnets, this behavior sets in above the Curie point. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this behavior characterized by a positive magnetic succeptibility and a failure to retain magnetization after the removal of the external field.
Answer: paramagnetism
[10] The Curie-Weiss law which describes behavior above the Curie temperature is typically derived through this type of theory, in which a many-body Hamiltonian is averaged over the system. Hartree-Fock theory is an example.
Answer: mean-field theory or self-consistent field theory
[10] The magnetization in the regime of high-temperature paramagnetism is proportional to this function, the difference between a hyperbolic cotangent and an inverse function. Its namesake also gives his name to the differential equation for Brownian motion.
Answer: Langevin function
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He led the conquest of Schwerin while his brother Canute VI was on the throne. FTPE:,
[10] Name this man who ruled as King of Denmark from 1202 to 1241, conquering Estonia before being captured by the count of Schwerin and succeeded by his son Eric IV.
Answer: Waldemar II [prompt on Waldemar]
[10] A later Waldemar, the fourth or Atterdag, ended the power of Gert of Holstein and signed the Treaty of Stalsund to stabilize relations with this Germanic association of trading towns.
Answer: the Hanseatic League
[10] This employee of Archbishop Absalon worked during the time of Waldemar II on his Gesta Danorum, a history of Danish legend containing the earliest forms of Hamlet and William Tell.
Answer: Saxo Grammaticus

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