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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Chicago Open Tossups by The Young Heiglians
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The two most common paradigms used to explain this occurrence are the Lemon and Doswell Analog and the Davies-Jones Analog. The most accurate models predicting whether they descend are the Stumpf and Neural Net Algorithms. Base relations to maximum gate-to-gate velocity difference, low-level divergence and core depth are among the values typically plotted for (*) Pearson variable correlation during attempts to detect them. The identification of bounded weak echo regions in conjunction with them is associated with their most dangerous version, while excessive outflow tends to suppress them. Essentially Rankine combined vortices, they commonly form as a result of low pressure centers within gust front waves, and prominent examples may display a pendant, or "hook" echo signature. Updrafts may tilt them upright, creating features such as inflow bands, mammata, and wall clouds. FTP, name this rotating helix of opposing cold and warm air currents located in the rear flank of convective thunderstorms, from which tornadoes commonly develop.
Answer: mesocyclone [do not accept or prompt on "tornado"]
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One commander at this battle "preserved" two forces of Foot Guards by returning them to the camp before the fighting, earning him the nickname "Confectioner." That man, General Ilton, was stationed on the right, protected by the Spessart Hills, while a river comprised the left. It happened during an attempted retreat to Flanders after some unsuccessful maneuvers by the Earl of Storey, and the victorious army was cut off when several regiments occupied Aschaffenburg. A cavalry assault of the Maison du Roi failed, while the possibly-spontaneous main attack under (*) de Grammont was disorderly and retreated after a quick repulse, thus failing to close a trap set by de Noailles in the namesake west Bavarian village. Featuring Marshall Konigseck's Austrian division and a Hanoverian detachment, the winning Pragmatic Army also included a young Duke of Cumberland and the last European head of state to command in the field. For 10 Points, name this battle where George II of England headed a coalition force to victory in the War of the Austrian Succession.
Answer: The Battle of Dettingen
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At one point in this work, the Dwarf tells the story of a girl from Ceara who joined the circus after hair inexplicably began to grow "on her back, her arms, her legs, her face." Minor characters in this novel include an orphan who is beaten badly by the cobbler One-Eye and a character who constantly licks his gold tooth. The wife of the guide Rufino is raped by an itinerant phrenologist in this work, and she tells her story to the unnamed glasses-wearing reporter who represents the author of Os Sertoes, on which this novel is based. Epaminodas Goncalves attempts to disgrace the Baron de Canabrava by duping Galileo Gall into smuggling guns in this novel, the conclusion of which sees the forces of Moreira Cesar sent to massacre the followers of the apocalyptic revolutionary Antonio Conselheiro. For 10 points, name this semi-historical novel about the Counselor's rallying of the people of Canudos, Brazil, a work of Mario Vargas Llosa.
Answer: The War of the End of the World [or La guerra del fin del mundo]
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The influence of this composer's time in Italy can be heard in the Presto capriccioso alla napolitana second movement of his violin concerto. He only finished three of the movements of his first symphony before its premiere, and the addition of the Maestoso allegro fourth movement was delayed in part by his breakup with the Princess of Erbach-Schonberg. This composer depicted a print by Thomas Rowlandson using a diatonic scherzo that quotes sea shanties in his overture Portsmouth Point, and brass fanfares represent the title figure of his Scapino Overture. This composer of the "Liverpool" symphony also set a series of Edith Sitwell poems to music in a piece with movements like "Black Mrs. Behemoth" and "Long Steel Grass," Facade. For 10 points, name this British composer of the operas The Bear and Troilus and Cressida as well as Belshazzar's Feast.
Answer: William Walton
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This compound is a primary by-product of a process developed by Jim Idol for performing the ammoxidation of propylene, the Sohio process. The platinum/rhodium gauzes used in a more common method for producing this compound tend to quickly become brittle, and that process for producing this compound involves the combustion of methane and ammonia in the presence of air. That process, named for Andrussow, differs from the Degussa process because it does not require oxygen. Less interesting ways to synthesize this compound include the catalytic dehydration of form-amide and an alternative to the Gattermann Koch synthesis, also developed by Gattermann, uses this compound rather than carbon monoxide to form an immonium intermediate, which is then oxidized to yield benzaldehyde. For 10 points, identify this compound which is sometimes called Prussic acid, a poisonous chemical with the formula HCN.
Answer: hydrogen cyanide [or HCN; heck, even accept cyanide until "Prussic acid"]
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This man represented John Randel, Jr. following his firing by the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal Company, and he successfully defended his state's right to Pea Patch Island. In the senate this man instigated the creation of a committee to reform the Post Office Department, and he resolved a boundary dispute between Michigan and Ohio while serving as Chairman of the Judiciary Committee from 1833-18 While serving in another office this man sent Thomas Butler King as a representative to California, and he feuded with Spain after the seizure of the Georgiana and Susan Loud for supposed piracy. While in the cabinet this man also organized the search for John Franklin and sent an envoy to Lajos Kossuth. This (*) Delaware Whig negotiated a treaty which eventually led to the transfer of the Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua before being superseded by the Hay-Pauncefort Treaty. For 10 points, name this Secretary of State under Zachary Taylor who signed an agreement for joint Anglo-American control of a future Central American canal with Henry Bulwer-Lytton.
Answer: John M. Clayton
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One character in this work writes a poem called "The Sillabub," which she asks a character who constantly says "deuce take me" to review. An evil plot in this work involves a poorly-sewn sleeve designed to give the protagonist trouble donning a priest's habit, which he is given by Reverend Saygrace. Another character attempts to fall on the protagonist's sword after he rejects her, and his prevention of her suicide leads her to vow to ruin him." Mr. Brisk cuckolds the foppish Lord Frost in this play, while the refusal of Lady Plyant to give her husband an heir leads to her all-too-easy seduction by Ned Careless. The title character frames the protagonist for cuckolding his uncle, who then agrees to disinherit the protagonist and arrange for the title character to marry Lady Plyant's stepdaughter, Cynthia. The plot unravels when Careless reveals that Lady Touchwood's lover is not Mellefont but rather Maskwell, the play's two-faced titular villain. For 10 points name this play by William Congreve.
Answer: The Double-Dealer
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Charles III of Savoy was promised Cyprus for his part in this conflict, which was partially sparked by one side's sheltering of Giovanni Bentivoglio. Christopher Bainbridge and the exiled Antonio Grimani successfully lobbied one party to change sides, and Gaston de Foix, Duc de Nemours won several victories in this conflict before dying at the Battle of Ravenna. The early fighting in this conflict was marked by squabbling between Nicolo di Pitigliano and Bartolomeo d'Alviano, both serving Leonardo Loredano, and Alviano was routed at (*) Agnadello. The Earl of Surrey repulsed James IV of Scotland's attempt to take advantage of this conflict to invade England at Flodden Field after a second phase of it began with the creation of a Holy League. Began when Louis XII and Maximilian I allied with the Papal States, that alliance would soon be broken by Pope Julius II. For 10 points, name this conflict of the Italian Wars beginning in 1508 which takes it name from that anti-Venetian alliance.
Answer: War of the League of Cambrai [accept War of the Holy League before it is read and prompt after]
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One of this man's teachers published The Veddas and Melanesians of British New Guinea, that teacher being Charles Gabriel Seligman. During one of his military stints, this man discussed the traditions of a certain people whom he was helping in their guerilla war, The Sanusi of Cyrenaica. This thinker notably claimed that anthropologists often mistakenly attribute motivations that closely match their own culture, rather than those of their subjects, in his Theories of Primitive Religion. In more famous works, this thinker wrote about a certain Nilotic people in their Kinships and marriage rituals, the Nuer, as well as discussing a mischievous god figure and the prominence of the supernatural in another culture. For ten points, identify this anthropologist who wrote several tracts about a certain central African tribe, including The Zande Trickster and Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic Among the Azande.
Answer: Edward Evans-Pritchard
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One of these figures served as an arbitrator in a dispute between Helios and Poseidon over the isthmus of Corinth and has an alternate name that means "goatish." That figure was married to Kymopoleia, with whom he sired the nymph Oiolyka. One of them was called upon to aid Thetis in releasing Zeus from the chains with which he was bound by Hera and Apollo, and these figures are sometimes identified with the Tritopatores. Guarded for a time by the monster Campe, they reside at one point in an area surrounded by walls and a bronze gate built by Poseidon. The constellation Ara is associated with these figures, one of whom shares his name with a figure whose "ring" is the subject of a parable in Plato's Republic. The bottom of the sea is home to one of these creatures, while the other two, Kottos and Gyges, guard the titans in Tartarus whom they defeated by using their most distinctive features. For ten points name these three monsters who sure can throw a lot of rocks at once.
Answer: Hundred-Handed Ones or Hecatoncheires
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Oguchi's disease occurs due to a mutation in genes encoding for arrestins or for kinases which act on this protein. This protein exists in "batho""meta-I" and "meta-II" states, the last of which is thought to require the clockwise outward rotation of helix III and helix VI, and like other proteins of its kind, it possesses a DRY/ERY consensus sequence at region which binds to transducin. The E113 residue acts as a counterion and they have characteristic lysine-296 residue which has a Schiff-base linkage with its cofactor. The activation of this protein results in the downstream increase in the activity of cGMP phosphodiesterase, and it was the first G-protein coupled receptor to have its structure revealed. The isomerization of its chromophore into the all-trans form occurs when photons strike the chromophore. For 10 points, identify this protein which forms a complex with 11-cis-retinal, the primary photoreceptor protein present in rod cells.
Answer: rhodopsins [prompt on opsin until "transducin;" accept: arrestins until mentioned; accept: rhodopsin kinase until "kinases"]
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This actress's upcoming roles include Miss G, a lesbian teacher at an all-girls boarding school, and holocaust survivor Edith Beer. She appeared in a 2007 perfume commercial directed by Wong Kar-Wai, while more recently she portrayed the suicidal performance artist Emilia in a film set half in London and half in the ultra-theocratic "Meanwhile City." This actress's minor roles include Clarisse, the young lover of the titular thief in Arsene Lupin, and Sibylla, the sister of King Baldwin IV in Kindgom of Heaven. She more notably portrayed Isabelle, a French film lover who has a near-incestuous relationship with her twin brother Theo in Bernardo Bertolucci's The Dreamers, but she is best-known for appearing in a 2006 film set partially in a Macedonian gambling establishment. For ten points name this French actress who played Bond girl Vesper Lynd in Casino Royale.
Answer: Eva Green
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In one of his poems, a parent describes several European capitals, including "Rome, Christendom's capital" and Paris "where a level bluish mist moves in waves." Along with "Father Explains," poems such as "The Dining Room" and "The Stairs" appeared in his collection Rescue. This poet wrote that "There was a time when only wise books were read" in another poem, and his "catastrophist" phase is exemplified by the poem "Artificer." This author's long poem "From the Rising of the Sun" is collected in his Bells in Winter, and the title event of another of this man's poems is only perceived by a "white-haired old man" who "binds his tomatoes. Another work by this author includes a discussion of the Murti-bing pills in the novel Insatiability, though it centers on the conflict faced by four individuals known only as Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and Delta. For ten points, name this author of "A Song on the End of the World" and The Captive Mind.
Answer: Czeslaw Milosz
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This artist was inspired to begin painting by a work called The Child's Brain. This artist's "free-flow" period is exemplified by Promontory Palace, while his "beach pictures" include The Ribbon of Excess and The Satin Tuning Fork. He explored Cubist styles in works such as Hands and Gloves, while late paintings such as Multiplication of Arches consisted entirely of disfigured stones. A more notable painting by this man depicts white bowls of blue water on a blue-gray background with a bizarre machine in the foreground, and a hairy brown stick leans against a black cloud in this man's Mama, Papa is Wounded!. For 10 points, name this prominent figure in the automatism movement whose works include Infinite Divisibility and The Furniture of Time, a Surrealist artist from France.
Answer: Raymond Georges Yves Tanguy
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James Tod was a British representative to the areas ruled by them, and published two volumes on the history of these people. These people are thought to have arisen after undergoing a cleansing ritual at Mount Abu. The Chandelas were one group of these people, who notably built an elaborate temple complex at Khajuraho. Chand Bardai served as the court poet for another one of them who failed to stop the forces of Muhammad Ghori for a second time at Tarain; that member, Prithvi Raj III was a member of the Chauhan dynasty. The marriage between (*) Akbar and Jodha-Bai and that between Jahangir and Jagat Gosain strengthened the alliances between Mughals and these people, who also included the man who attempted to defeat Babur at Khanua, Rana Sangha. For 10 points, identify these rulers, a class of Kshatriya warriors whose dominion extended over much of modern-day Rajasthan and other portions of northern India.
Answer: Rajputs [accept Rajaputra from Sanskrit pedants; prompt on "Suyravanshi" or "Chandravanshi" until the end of the second sentence]
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Interference in this phenomenon arising from dissipative environments may be suppressed by a Caldeira-Leggett bath of harmonic oscillators, though microwave field perturbations in materials exhibiting it give rise to Fano-Kondo resonance, which is employed in a useful interferometer. It may occur in neutral excitons when the hole ground state changes angular momentum from L equals 0 to L equals 1, 2 or 3 as proven for (*) indium phosphide and gallium arsenide quantum dots, but is more typical in charge carriers. A layer of niobium covered by a copper film enclosing a toroidal ferromagnet was employed in its confirmation, which used electron holography to detect a shift which had been earlier predicted by Ehrenberg and Siday. Arising from the presence of a vector potential, FTP, what is this effect by which a series of propagating particles enclosing a restricted magnetic field experience a phase shift despite the lack of an external magnetic force?
Answer: Ehrenberg-Siday-Aharonov-Bohm Effect or Oscillation or Displacement
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One character in this work is described as having eyes that are "dim with a morning expression of disillusionment" and regularly listens to the radio program "Taboo." Another character indulges his lust for a younger woman by fondling and smelling her scarf after she jokingly asks if he will kiss her goodbye, and in another scene Schubert's Ave Maria is played in the background as he surreptitiously watches her. The main character spends much of her time talking to her neighbor Mrs. Coffman, and she encourages the illicit affair between the young art school student Marie and her javelin-throwing lover. S. Epatha Merkerson played the main character in a 2008 revival of this play, which culminates in the drunken outburst of the chiropractor Doc Delaney. For ten points name this play in which Lola finally dreams about the death of the titular pet, a work by William Inge.
Answer: Come Back, Little Sheba
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The influence of this composer's time in Italy can be heard in the Presto capriccioso alla napolitana second movement of his violin concerto. He only finished three of the movements of his first symphony before its premiere, and the addition of the Maestoso allegro fourth movement was delayed in part by his breakup with the Princess of Erbach-Schonberg. This composer depicted a print by Thomas Rowlandson using a diatonic scherzo that quotes sea shanties in his overture Portsmouth Point, and brass fanfares represent the title figure of his Scapino Overture. This composer of the "Liverpool" symphony also set a series of Edith Sitwell poems to music in a piece with movements like "Black Mrs. Behemoth" and "Long Steel Grass," Facade. For 10 points, name this British composer of the operas The Bear and Troilus and Cressida as well as Belshazzar's Feast.
Answer: William Walton
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One section in this book discusses the notion of being "star friends" with someone even if one is forced to be "earth enemies." Another section of this book notes that "only one thing is needful" and that is to "give style to one's character." A third section of this advances the notion that Socrates was equally great in silence as he was in speech, but regrets that he had last words. One writing included in this book was described by the author in another book as "dancing right over morality" and "The perfect Provencalism." That writing is the "Song to Mistral," one of the many poems included in this book. The most notable idea in this book is followed with the declaration that a shadow still exists and must be conquered, while another idea that this book introduced is defined as the idea that the universe repeats its patterns, known as eternal recurrence. For ten points, identify this book by Friedrich Nietzsche which contains his famous declaration "God is dead."
Answer: The Gay Science (or Die frohliche Wissenschaft)
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This ruler held an ecclesiastic council in his capital which allowed for new churches to collect local tithes, establishing the parochial system. His reign saw revolts by Bulgars under Omortag and Croats under Ljudevit, and he faced opposition from people such as Counts Hugh and Matfrid due to his unpopular minister Bernard of Septimania. Early in his reign he promoted a former serf to the position of Archbishop of Rheims and ordered the tonsuring of his father's cousins Adalard and (*) Wala. He blinded his rebellious nephew Bernard, and the aforementioned Ebbo of Rheims denounced him at Soissons, where he was detained following a meeting in Alsace known as the "Field of Lies." He structured his empire in the Ordinatio Imperii, though it failed to prevent a succession crisis not resolved until the Treaty of Verdun. For 10 points, name this son of Charlemagne.
Answer: Louis the Pious [or Louis I]
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Minor characters in this novel include Bondum, a bailiff who extols the virtues of liberty to his prisoners, and Mr. Murphy, an unscrupulous lawyer who is hanged at Tyburn for engaging in a forgery conspiracy with Mr. Robinson. Another character has an affair while in prison with a woman who gives him money to buy back his stolen snuffbox, and he is later challenged to a duel by Colonel Bath over rumors started by that woman, Miss Matthews. The purchase of a dilapidated coach leads to social alienation for the protagonist of this novel, who is saved from date rape at a masquerade ball by Mrs. Bennet, her foster brother Sergeant Atkinson's wife. The protagonist's philandering husband is frequently thrown in debtors' prison for gambling debts but is continually bailed out by Dr. Harrison, who eventually uncovers the plot to disinherit the title character. For ten points name this novel about the handsome wife of Captain William Booth, the final novel by Henry Fielding.
Answer: Amelia
2009 Chicago Open Bonuses by The Young Heiglians
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The kings of ancient Numidia proved a troublesome lot for their imperialist overlords. For 10 Points each:,
[10] This king's light cavalry aided Scipio at Zama after he betrayed the Carthaginians; he remained a Roman ally during the Third Punic War, though his grandson Jugurtha caused them some trouble.
Answer: Masinissa
[10] This leader of the Massilians drove Masinissa from power and fought on the Carthaginian side, but was defeated at the Battle of the Great Plains in 203 and died in chains in Rome.
Answer: Syphax
[10] This king of the Musulamii, a former Roman auxiliary, harassed and defeated the 3rd Legion in 18 AD and carried on a guerrilla war for nearly a decade before committing suicide in defeat.
Answer: Tacfarinas
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The love interest of this novel's protagonist carries around an obnoxiously tiny dog named Flopit. FTPE:,
[10] Name this novel titled for its protagonist's age in which Willie attempts to woo the baby-talking tease Lola Pratt.
Answer: Seventeen: A Tale of Youth and Summer Time and the Baxter Family Especially William
[10] Seventeen is a novel by this author of Alice Adams.
Answer: Booth Tarkington
[10] This younger sister of William Baxter attempts to interfere with his courtship of Lola and admonishes her parents that "marriage is not unheard of for seventeen year olds."
Answer: Jane Baxter (accept "Jane" or "Jane Baxter")
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This polypeptide is attached to lysine residues via isopeptide bonds. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this compound which is added onto proteins with the aid of an E3 ligase such as the SCF complex or mdm2.
Answer: ubiquitin
[10] This other complex binds to cdc20 and polyubiquitinylates securin, resulting in the activation of separase. Separase then cleaves cohesins which hold sister chromatids together, thus activating the namesake event of this complex.
Answer: Anaphase Promoting Complex/Cyclosome [or APC/C]
[10] The aforementioned mdm2 polyubiquitinylates this protein, which activates transcription of the Cdk inhibitor p21. It is activated by Checkpoint kinases and it prevents cells with damaged DNA from undergoing mitosis.
Answer: tp53 [or tumor protein 53]
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These creatures are said to have duck bills, walrus tusks, or dog faces. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these creatures from Australian folklore that haunt lakes and swamps with their dark fur and horse tails.
Answer: Bunyips
[10] The Bunyip is sometimes conflated with this other creature from Australian mythology, which is descended from a dark spot in the Milky Way. Its jobs include shaping landscapes and granting healing powers.
Answer: The Rainbow Serpent
[10] Most Australian mythologies recognize the beginning of creation in this mythical period, during which the spirit totems painted the songlines and shaped the world's geography.
Answer: Dreamtime or The Dreaming [or Altjeringa]
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The "Alpine Fairy" appears in the second movement of this piece, a vivace, and the final movement's B-flat major requiem represents the death of the title character. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this symphony written after a Lord Byron poem.
Answer: Manfred Symphony in B minor
[10] This work features an andante cantabile representing the sorrows of the title character and her lover Paolo that led them to the second circle of Hell.
Answer: Francesca da Rimini
[10] Francesca da Rimini is often paired with The Miserly Knight and this fine short opera by Rachmaninoff in which the titular upper class dude runs off with Zemfira and her band of gypsies.
Answer: Aleko
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Answer some questions about the history of birth control in the United States, for 10 points each.,
[10] Named for a certain postal inspector, this 1873 act made it illegal to distribute information about birth control methods through the mail.
Answer: Comstock Act
[10] This figure was not a fan of the Comstock Act and together with Lothrop Stoddard and C. C. Lewis founded the American Birth Control League organization in 1921. It changed its name to "Planned Parenthood" in 1942.
Answer: Margaret Sanger
[10] Sanger and Otto Bobsein coined the term "birth control" in this newsletter with the slogan "No Gods No Masters".
Answer: The Woman Rebel
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Some of the conflict in this novel is driven by Uncle Crucifix Dumbbell's incessant demands for his money. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel in which 'Ntoni has a stroke after being told a false story about his grandson stabbing Don Michele because of an affair between that soldier and Lia.
Answer: The House By the Medlar Tree [or I Malavoglia]
[10] Identify the Italian author of The House by the Medlar Tree, who had originally planned it to start a saga. His other works include Sparrow and A Mortal Sin, in addition to "Cavalleria Rusticana."
Answer: Giovanni Verga
[10] Identify this other novel by Giovanni Verga, in which the ambitious title character marries Bianca although he'd previously sired several children with Diodatta. Other characters include the Baroness Rubiera, who refuses to let Nini marry Bianca.
Answer: Mastro-Don Gesualdo
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Answer the following about unstable types of stars, FTPE:,
[10] This rare spectral class is characterized by massive blue stars which quickly consume the hydrogen in their cores, and are thus the first stars to leave the main sequence. Their primary emission is in the ultraviolet. Zeta Orionis is an example.
Answer: Class O
[10] This type of dying supergiant exhibits very strong helium bands, as stellar winds have removed their hydrogen layers. They are further classified by their carbon, nitrogen and oxygen content.
Answer: Wolf-Rayet Stars
[10] Lying near the intersection of the instability strip and the main sequence, this type of star is characterized by both radial and non-radial velocity fluctuations caused by luminous absorption driven expansion and gravimetric collapse of the second helium ionization layer, which causes their asteroseismicity.
Answer: Delta-Scuti Variables
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For 10 points each, answer the following questions about a certain religious movement.,
[10] The "Misnagdim" were early opponents of this group, whose sects in the United States include the Satmar and Bobov.
Answer: Hasidic Judaism [or Hasidism]
[10] This mystic from Eastern Europe is considered the founder of Hasidic Judaism and his most influential student was Rabbi Dov Ber of Mezeritich.
Answer: Ba`al Shem Tov (or Besht or Yisroel Ben-Eliezer)
[10] Hasidic Jews frequently sport these long sidelocks to comply with a Levitical prohibition against shaving the "corners of the head."
Answer: Payot [or Payos]
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The classic form of this situation occurs when two subjects are captured by the police. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this situation from game theory in which the participants must choose between turning the other subject in and refusing to confess.
Answer: The Prisoner's Dilemma
[10] This paper, and subsequently, book, contains a notable section which solicited strategies for solving the Prisoner's Dilemma from game theorists, and then ran 200 iterations of them in a tournament format.
Answer: The Evolution of Cooperation
[10] This University of Michigan political scientist wrote The Evolution of Cooperation, as well as The Complexity of Cooperation.
Answer: Robert Axelrod
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His guitar was often emblazoned with the phrase "This Machine Kills Fascists". For 10 Points Each:,
[10] Name this prolific folk singer/songwriter who championed the cause of the "Okies" and later moved to progressive and socialist themes, including one song declaring "This Land is Your Land".
Answer: Woody Guthrie
[10] This 1940 album was Guthrie's most successful, chronicling the problems of migrant workers, including such tracks as "Pretty Boy Floyd", "Blowing Down This Road", and "Tom Joad - Parts 1 and 2".
Answer: Dust Bowl Ballads
[10] During the early 1940s, Guthrie formed this group with Pete Seeger, Millard Lampell, and others, urging support for unions; they were openly supported by the Communist Party.
Answer: The Almanac Singers
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After his death he became known as the Poet Buddha. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Tang dynasty poet of "At the Lake Pavilion" who dedicated a lot of poems to his friend Pei Di.
Answer: Wang Wei
[10] This Mexican author wrote an essay discussing "19 Ways of Looking at Wang Wei." He is better known for "Sunstone" and The Labyrinth of Solitude.
Answer: Octavio Paz
[10] "19 Ways of Looking at Wang Wei" examines nineteen different translations of this Wang Wei poem, which describes light slanting into woods on a "lonely mountain."
Answer: "Deer Park"
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Its rulers claimed descent from the legendary kings of Axum and the Queen of Sheba. For 10 Points Each:,
[10] According to the Kebra Nagast, Yekuno Amlak overthrew the Zagwe Dynasty in 1270 and created this dynasty that would rule until 1974 in Ethiopia.
Answer: The Solomonic Dynasty
[10] This Solomonic Emperor reunified Ethiopia after the Zamana Masafent, and asked Queen Victoria for aid in modernization. When none came, he imprisoned British subjects, and commited suicide in 1868 after being defeated by a retaliatory invasion led by Napier.
Answer: Tewodros II [or Theodore II; or Kassa Haile Giorgis; or Kassa Hailu]
[10] The climax of Ethiopian resistance to colonization came in 1896 when forces under Menelik II defeated Oreste Baratieri in this climactic battle of the First Italo-Abyssinian War.
Answer: Battle of Adowa [or Adwa]
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It assumes a viscous, incompressible fluid flow between two parallel plates. FTPE:,
[10] Name this fluid mechanical characterization in which drag forces created when one plate is moving cause positive and negative torques responsible for the motion of the fluid.
Answer: Couette Flow
[10] The model for Couette Flow may be derived from this set of partial differential equations which utilize generalizations of the rate of stress and rate of strain tensors to calculate a velocity field in Newtonian fluids.
Answer: Navier-Stokes Equations
[10] The Navier-Stokes Equations are extensions of the Boltzmann equation via this solution which utilizes a series of iterations based on powers of the mean free path. It begins with a small mean free time assumption and expansion about an unperturbed Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution, and ends with the Super-Burnett hydrodynamic.
Answer: Chapman-Enskog Expansions or Theory or Solution or Iterations
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It begins with two friends meeting in a garden in early morning, one of them having been unable to sleep the previous night. For 10 Points Each:,
[10] Identify this 1713 work, a collection of imaginary conversations between a materialist and an immaterialist.
Answer: Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous
[10] The Three Dialogues was a response to this earlier Berkeley work, which claimed that the world was entirely immaterial and composed solely of ideas.
Answer: The Principles of Human Knowledge
[10] Berkeley's conception of the world as idea may have derived from this French rationalist philosopher, who distinguished between physical and perceptual space. He may be better known for "occasionalism" or the "vision in God".
Answer: Nicolas Malebranche
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Its arias include "Ah, the darkness has come" and How strange the song of the wind," and its "Walk to the Paradise Garden" is commonly performed separately. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this opera, in which the Dark Fiddler watches Sali and Vrenchen commit suicide.
Answer: A Village Romeo and Juliet
[10] This composer of A Village Romeo and Juliet is also notable for his cello concerto and Florida Suite.
Answer: Frederick Delius
[10] In this Delius opera, a shipwrecked explorer named Solano and an Indian girl, Watawa, find love despite their different races during a quest for the titular mythical object.
Answer: The Magic Fountain
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Identify these poems by a dude who came up with the Four Zoa, including Urizen and Thel, for ten points each.,
[10] Contrasted with the Lamb, the titular creature of this poem from Songs of Innocence and of Experience is "burning bright in the night" and has "fearful symmetry".
Answer: "The Tyger"
[10] The title character of this poem is "a little black thing among the snow" and has been "taught me to sing the notes of woe" by his parents who have gone to the Church to pray.
Answer: "The Little Chimney Sweep"
[10] The titular figure of this poem reflects that "the church is cold, but the ale-house is healthy and pleasant and warm" and wishes that "the parson might preach, and drink, and sing".
Answer: "The Little Vagabond"
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His charitable acts included a 10,000 franc gift to Millet's widow, leading Degas to call him "the angel who smokes a pipe". For 10 Points Each:,
[10] Name this painter of mostly landscapes, the creator of "View at Narni" and "Hagar in the Wilderness".
Answer: Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot
[10] Corot was, for a time, a leading painter in this school, which stressed realistic scenes in contrast to Romanticism. Important members included Georges Michel and Theodore Rousseau.
Answer: The Barbizon School
[10] Perhaps Corot's most noteworthy painting, this 1864 work depicts a woman and two children playing with vegetation near a lake, with a giant, overhanging tree dominating the right side.
Answer: Souvenir de Mortefontaine [or Recollection of Mortefontaine]
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For 10 points each, identify these notable cities of the ancient Levant.,
[10] The last king of this city, Pisiris, was defeated by Sargon II in 717 BCE. A famous battle would later be fought nearby between the armies of Nebuchadnezzar II and Necho II in 605 BCE.
Answer: Carchemish
[10] Identified with the present site of Ras Shamra, this city was excavated by Claude Schaeffer and yielded tablets with the stories that comprise the "Ba'al Cycle."
Answer: Ugarit
[10] I. J. Gelb and others have argued that the inhabitants of this Levantine city, ruled by such kings as Ibrium and Ibbi-Sipish, spoke the only attested East Semitic language besides Akkadian.
Answer: Ebla
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Identify the following about a certain type of symbols used in spectroscopy, for 10 points each.,
[10] The spin multiplicity is represented as the left superscript of these symbols and the total angular momentum number quantum number is the right subscript. The orbital quantum number is represented according to the spectroscopic notation in these symbols.
Answer: term symbols
[10] These rules, which state that the configuration with highest spin multiplicity is most stable and that the configuration with a higher value for the L quantum number is more stable for a given spin multiplicity, among other things, are used to predict the term symbols of a an atom.
Answer: Hund's rules
[10] In atoms where smaller spin-orbit interactions are present, this coupling scheme, wherein orbital angular momenta and spin and spin angular momenta are summed separately for each electron is more prevalent. Thus, the obtained quantum numbers are added together to give a value for the total angular momentum
Answer: L-S coupling [or Russell-Saunders coupling]

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