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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Chicago Open Tossups by The Lady is Not for Byrning
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One of this man's compositions contains a sole character named "M" who hears aliens tell him "It is pointless to remember." One of his operas includes a crowd of men wearing top hats and gas masks passing around cannonballs until they suffocate, and also contains a scene in which a crowd is obliterated after a rocket blasts off from the Statue of Liberty's head. In addition to that work that juxtaposes an (*) ice-age landing of aliens with Christopher Columbus's trip, he set poems like "Aunt Rose" and "Father Death Blues" as songs in another opera. This man composed an opera that begins by depicting the "Kuru field of justice," and another of his operas alternates between Year 17 and present-day, in addition to works like 1000 Airplanes on the Roof and The Voyage. For 10 points, name this composer who used the poetry of the autistic Christopher Knowles as the basis for the "knee plays" that make up one of his operas, the composer of Hydrogen Jukebox, Satyagraha, Akhnaten, and Einstein on the Beach.
Answer: Philip Morris Glass
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Ramsay and Shields added a term that subtracts six Kelvin to this scientist's namesake rule, which relates the same temperature dependence as is considered by the Guggenheim-Katayama equation. This man created an experimental setup of two suspended masses on a horizontal rod to show that gravitational and inertial mass were equivalent, (*) and the formula two-omega-u-cosine-phi represents an effect named for him, which corrects for the fact that gravity measurements are affected when a ship sails east instead of west. His name is also born by a dimensionless number used in conjunction with the Morton number to describe the shape of moving bubbles. For 10 points, name this man whose namesake rule relates surface tension to temperature, and who created a torsion balance to prove the weak equivalence principle, perhaps the most prominent Hungarian baron in physics.
Answer: Lorand [or Roland] von Eotvos [accept in either order]
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Bart Schultz wrote about this man's feminism, and titled a book [this man]: Eye of the Universe. One of this man's works notably claimed that the only thing that could ultimately be judged to be good was a mode of human existence. He wrote about the undesirability of "The Morality of Strife" and "The Ethics of Relgious Conformity" in another one of his works, and a further work by this man discusses the importance of the Individualistic Minimum. The author of Practical Ethics and The Elements of Politics, one of this man's most notable students was the author of Principia Ethica, George Edward Moore, although his own best known work claimed that its title constructions came out of a series of judgments which didn't only apply in the case of consequences and introduced the term the "Dictate of Reason." For 10 points, name this nineteenth century British philosopher, a utilitarian best known for writing The Methods of Ethics.
Answer: Henry Sidgwick
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One attempt to end this conflict created a Council of State that was last led by Ruth Perry, following other countries' attempts to mediate this conflict through such agreements as the Accra Clarification of the Akosombo Agreement. Starting as an ethnic conflict among the Gio, Mano, and Krahn, it escalated after the assassination of the head of the People's Redemption Council. A group involved in this conflict split during this event into two factions, led respectively by G.V. Kromah and (*) Roosevelt Johnson, and another participant in this conflict claimed that the Devil called him on the telephone and was known to play soccer with children's heads and dress his soldiers in women's clothing, but himself was named for his lack of attire as General Butt Naked. Early during this conflict Prince Johnson killled President Samuel Doe, and it eventually saw the victory of the National Patriotic Front. For 10 points, name this conflict which ended with the election of Charles Taylor.
Answer: the Liberian civil war [or obvious equivalents]
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One of this man's collections contains a poem dedicated to Mickey Smith that writes the word "murder" with 49 "R"s and claims "i nevva wear neck. tie yet." In addition to that poem about a man who was stoned to death, appropriately titled "Stone," he opened a long poetic work with the line "To hell / with Af- / rica / to hell / with Eu- / rope too." This poet symbolizes his nation's struggles with the symbol of an unfertile "rock seed," and he claims that the effects of slavery caused the rise of a misogynist system he dubs the "manscape." A long poetic work by this author, the third in a trilogy with his Mother Poem and Sun Poem, ends with a section called "Xango" and recasts (*) Prospero and Caliban as a plantation owner and servant. This author of X/Self also claims that Caribbean poets must use an amalgamation of tongues he dubs the "nation language." For 10 points, name this author of a trilogy consisting of Rites of Passage, Masks, and Islands, the Arrivants trilogy, an author who is not George Lamming, but is from Barbados.
Answer: Edward Kamau Brathwaite [or Lawson Edward Brathwaite]
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In Randall-Sundrum scenarios in low energy regimes, this phenomenon's 4-dimensional version, which acts on a scalar field bounded by the Dirichlet condition, appears as a resonant mode, and the expression describing it contains an encoding term for higher dimensions. The Carugno-Onofrio experiment attained a 15% agreement with its theoretical value using a cantilever, though (*) Mohideen's method attains better agreement with a polystyrene modified Atomic Force Microscope. It may be thought of as a dielectric-specific van der Waals force, though it arises from the variation of zero-point energy over vacuum boundary fluctuations, and is typically demonstrated with perfectly flat mirrors. For 10 points, name this effect named for a Dutch dude, that describes the piconewton-scale attractive relationship between two uncharged conducting plates a vacuum.
Answer: Casimir-Polder Effect
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During this man's reign, the Gregorian law code was issued, while his economic reforms included the creation of seven new mints and instituting the iugum and capitatio taxes. His armies put down the Bagaudae revolt in Gault, the attempts of Achilleus and Domitius Domitianus to make Egypt independent, and the British usurper Carausius. This issuer of the Edict of Maximum Prices won a battle for supremacy at the (*) Margus. He rose to power after executing Aper, supposedly fulfilling a prophecy about killing a boar, during a campaign against Persia in which Numerian died mysteriously. After disposing of his rival Carinus, he established Sirmium, Trier, Milan and Nicomedia as subsidiary capitals. Lactantius was not a big fan of one of this man's policies, and he built a palace at Split in Croatia that he retired to. This emperor installed Maximian, Galerius, and Constantius Chlorus to high positions, and he instigated a major purge of Christians. For 10 points, name this Roman emperor who resolved the Crisis of the Third Century by creating the augustus-caesar system or tetrarchy.
Answer: Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus [or Diocles]
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One of this work's chatpers discusses the importance of the hymn "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot" in addition to Dvorak's Symphony from the New World, as well as their influence on the music of Aaron Copland. That chapter is "The Contemporary Scene: Literature and the Arts," which describes the idea that the titular group of this work's contributions typically come from music. The conclusion of this book discusses how the Native Americans preferered extinction, in contrast to another group. Another chapter in this work discusses the importance of establishing a baseline from whcih change can be measured; that chapter is "The Search for Tribal Origins," which appears before a chapter that claims that religion is necessary to meet the social frustrations of the title group after its emergence from Slavery, "The Significance of Africanisms." For 10 points, name this work which attempts to deconstruct the narrative of a missing black history in the United States, a book by the author of Man and His Works, Melville Herskovits.
Answer: The Myth of the Negro Past
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In this work, officious street patrollers attempting to catch impious meat-carriers during Lent are duped by a country girl whose basket contains not a lamb's head, but an illegitimate child. One character marries a Welshwoman who supposedly owns 19 mountains at the end of this work. One protagonist's older brother claims to possess miraculous water that will allow another character to be impregnated, but the actual knocking up occurs while that character's husband is taking a prescribed five-hour horse ride. Lady Kix's pregnancy leads to financial problems for the villain of this play, who cuckolds the willing (*) Allwit. The protagonists of this work rise from their coffins alive and well to be married at its end, and this play's primary antagonist is the philandering Sir Walter Whorehound. For 10 points, name this play that ends with the marriage of Touchstone and Moll Yellowhammer, a comedy by Thomas Middleton about a girl from a London neighborhood.
Answer: A Chaste Maid in Cheapside
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He played a wedding dress salesman who drinks "Pusan painkillers" and earns a date with 99 after reuniting with his Korean War platoonmate Maxwell Smart on Get Smart, and a gambler who punches Burgess Meredith over a bar in the Twilight Zone episode "Mr. Dingle, the Strong." This actor headlined numerous failed TV shows, such as C.P.O. Sharkey and a co-starring vehicle with Richard Lewis, (*) Daddy Dearest. In film, he played the greedy carnival owner in X: The Man with the X-Ray Eyes and was the character known as "Sergeant Crapgame" in Kelly's Heroes. Later, he played Billy Sherbert in Casino and voiced Mr. Potato Head in the Toy Story series. He began his most distinctive talent when he quipped, "Come right in, Frank. Make yourself at home. Hit somebody." after seeing Frank Sinatra in an audience. For 10 points, identify this comedian, whom Sinatra called "bullethead" for his baldness and who is known for his large repertoire of insults.
Answer: Don Rickles
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One of these works is a list of questions beginning "This I ask thee, tell me truly," that contains such queries as "Who is by generation the Father of Right, at the first?" and "What artist made light and darkness?" These works are based on proto-poems called "haitim," which Martin Schwartz argues are based on concatenation because of the fact that "haitim" and the word for "fetter" come from the same root in a seminal paper about their lexical "concentric rings." One of them describes a conversation between the "ox-soul" and a god personified as the "ox creator." They describe a minister named Jamaspa and a king named Vishtaspa, the first convert to a certain religion. Their progression is interrupted by the prose "Haptanghaiti," they make up seventeen chapters of the Yasna, and they are addressed to Ahura Mazda. For 10 points, name these sacred hymns believed to be composed by Zoroaster himself.
Answer: the Gathas [prompt on hymns of Zoroastrianism or equivalents]
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A ruler of this state once reversed his monastic abdication to lead a coup against his son, who had reverted to paganism. During the decline of this polity, a pig farmer named Ivaylo occupied the capital for three years. That was followed by the rule of the weak Terter and Shishman dynasties. This states was overrun following the Battle of Velbuzhd, where it lost to Stefan Du?an. Founded by the sons of (*) Kubrat, rulers of its Asen Dynasty included Kaloyan. This state's leader Tervel was an ally of Justinian II, though later relations with the Byazantine Empire soured and Nicephorus I's skull was made into a goblet by this state's ruler Krum. It was Christianized under Boris I, and Simeon I built up its tile-working capital of Preslav, though this khanate's best-known ruler may be Samuel, who died of shock after seeing the soldiers blinded by his Byzantine opponent For 10 points, name this medieval empire where the Bogomil heresy arose, and whose inhabitants were notably "slain" by Basil II.
Answer: Bulgarian empire
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Arising from the need to explain the ramifications of the Schank Algorithm, this lemma's implications, some of which it shares with Bingsjord's anonymous straw-man, refute ascriptions 1 and 2 of the concept its inventor attacks. Churchland's luminosity argument weakens its implied intuition, while Chalmer's variation extends it to qualia-preserving (*) neural nets, and the "blockhead" experiment redefines it via logical operators and a memory table. Its opponents commonly cite a weak version of the Zuse-Fredkin hypothesis known as the "systems reply," as well as the "many mansions reply," which its creator counters by insisting that program syntactics are insufficient for semantics. For 10 points, name this problem proposed by John Searle, in which human and artificial symbol manipulators fail to comprehend a certain language despite passing a Turing test.
Answer: Chinese Room Experiment [or Argument, Paradox, etc.]
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One character in this novel gives free haircuts at a mission after being abandoned by his wife, who poisoned his dog before leaving, while another character in this novel, Sandra, is found dead with parts of her face gnawed off by dogs. Another character nostalgically recalls her time as a singer at the saloon where Oscar Reo tends bar, the Gilded Cage. The protagonist of this novel is seduced by a married woman who once wandered outside wearing only a hat, (*) Katrina Daugherty, and he travels for a time with the Vassar-educated former pianist Helen Archer. The protagonist of this novel had gone into self-imposed exile after using his baseball-throwing skills to kill Howard Allen, a scab trolley conductor, by throwing a rock. The central character of this novel accidentally dropped and killed Gerald, his infant son. For 10 points, name this novel that sees Francis Phelan encounter ghosts, the third in the Albany Series by William Kennedy.
Answer: Ironweed
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The majority opinion in this case extensively quoted Justice Field's dissent in Baltimore & Ohio R.R. Co. v. Baugh, while Justice Butler's dissent argued that the court erred in ruling on the question at hand sua sponte. The decision in this case was recently applied to claim preclusion in Semtek International Inc. v. Lockheed Martin, and it was considered in light of the seventh amendment in Gasperini v. Center for Humanities. The court first clarified the test outlined in this case as "outcome-determinative" in Guaranty Trust Co. v. York, but today courts apply either the Byrd or Hanna test depending on whether there's a "direct collision." The court in this case overruled Justice Story's opinion in (*) Swift v. Tyson and announced that there's no such thing as "general federal common law." For ten points name this landmark civil procedure case whose "doctrine" generally declares that federal courts operating under diversity jurisdiction must apply the law of the forum state.
Answer: Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins [prompt on "Tompkins"]
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When preceded by a certain adjective, this word gives the name for a body alternately known as a granulation that is called a Pacchionian body if it enlarges and calcifies. Those bodies of this name act as a one-way valve for cerebrospinal fluid to enter the bloodstream and are found in the arachnoid mater. One structure of this name is characteristically blunted and atrophied due to being targeted in an immune response in patients suffering from (*) celiac disease. Another type of structures by this name come in "floating" and anchoring varieties found in the placenta, and a type of macrophage known as Hofbauer cells are found in those structures. Those entities with this name can be prenatally sampled for genetic defects in a procedure similar to amniocentesis, and are named for their appearance on the chorion. For 10 points, name this term for the finger-like projections from the epithelial cells in the intestine that increase the absorptive area of the intestinal wall.
Answer: villi [accept word forms like villous or villus; accept with the words "arachnoid," "chorionic," or "intestinal" in front; prompt on arachnoid before mentioned]
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The second movement of this work contains an instruction to use a fourteen and three-quarter inch piece of wood to create a massive cluster chord. That second movement was partially derived from its composer's now-lost pieces The Slaves' Shuffle and Demons' Dance Around the Pipe, while this piece's final movement sees the entrance of a solo flute playing the hymn "Martyn". This piece constantly quotes Beethoven's Hammerklavier Sonata and Fifth Symphony, and its composer used a section of its second movement as the basis for his later work The Celestial Railroad. Its third movement depicts a "home under the elms" where "Beth played the old Scotch airs" on a piano given to her by Sophia Thoreau. This composition was the subject of its author's Essays before a Sonata, which describes its final movement's use of the "[tone] scale of a Walden morning." For 10 points, identify this piece consisting of the movements "Emerson", "Hawthorne", "The Alcotts", and "Thoreau", a work depicting "the spirit of transcendentalism" in the title location, by Charles Ives.
Answer: the Concord Sonata [accept Ives's Piano Sonata No. 2: Concord, Mass., 1840-1860 or equivalents; "Ives" is not necessary after his name is said]
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When he changed his name late in life, this man took part of the new moniker from the figure who, from 1960 to 1984, was the dictator of Guinea. This founder of the All-African People's Revolutionary Party worked with Charles Hamilton to counter Gordon Allport's definition of racism, developing the "institutional racism" concept. Several years after participating in the (*) Freedom Rides, he assisted in organizing the Lowndes County Freedom Organization, in which role he picked a black panther as the party emblem. This Trinidad-born activist was married for ten years to the Swazi-Xhosa singer Miriam Makeba, and after taking over control of an organization from John Lewis, he coined the phrase "black power" and expelled all white members from the organization. For 10 points, name this late-60s leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, who underwent a shift to militancy.
Answer: Stokely Carmichael [or Kwame Toure]
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One work by this author sees the title hotel manager become an alcoholic after being removed from power in the fictional country of Jura, while his first play consisted entirely of a man and a girl standing on chairs, holding and releasing hands. This author of M. le Modere and Les Mains Blanches described his time in Argeles in L'Aveu. He advocated the idea that the theater should show both "le mal curable" and "le mal incurable"; one play in which he put this idea into practice sees the revolutionary Robert Marpeaux sent to South America at the behest of the titular butterfly collector. Another of his plays was written to represent the idea of "personne n'entend personne"; that work sees garbagemen sweep away the body of N., one of the suitors of Lili. The most famous work of this author of (*) Paolo Paoli and La Parodie ends with Victor's death, which comes after he and the protagonist, Arthur, had become obsessed with pinball machines. For 10 points, identify this author of Ping-Pong, a Russian-born proponent of the Theater of the Absurd.
Answer: Arthur Adamov [accept Arthur Adamian]
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The only surviving fragment of a play about these figures notes that the weavers are "striking up the wise shuttle's songs" and describes an unspecified figure "gluing together the chariot's rail". One of these figures shares his name with the brother of Jason, while another fathered Cylarabes and Cometes and a third lost a wrestling match to Epeius at the funeral games of Oedipus. One of these figures fathered Tisamenus with Demonassa and, before he could fight in the Trojan War, was killed by Telephus. Tisiphone was the daughter of Manto and their leader, who avenged the death of Aegialeus by killing Laodamas during their most famous action. Their best-known member wounded Aphrodite and Ares in Book V of the Iliad. For 10 points, identify this group of figures led by Alcmaeon that also included Diomedes, who avenged the earlier defeat of their fathers by taking and sacking Thebes.
Answer: the Epigoni [prompt on "the sons of the Seven Against Thebes" or equivalents]
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At one point in this work, its main character designs a house with orange ceilings and leather paneling and orders his servants to cover their shoes in felt. After deciding that anticipating travel is preferable to actually traveling, the protagonist of this novel purchases real plants that look artificial. This work's protagonist once asked one of his mistresses to recreate a dialogue of Flaubert with a small black sphinx and a clay chimera. Its protagonist eats meat with licorice sauce, served to him by nude black women, off a black table during a farewell dinner he throws for his virility. The American acrobat Miss Urania is also a brief obsession of this novel's main character, who also purchases a number of paintings by (*) Gustave Moreau. Its protagonist's retreat into a purely aesthetic existence ends when he faints from starvation and a doctor orders him to return to a normal social life in Paris. For 10 points, identify this Decadent novel about the aesthete Jean des Esseintes, a work of Joris-Karl Huysmans.
Answer: A Rebours [accept Against Nature or Against the Grain]
 
2009 Chicago Open Bonuses by The Lady is Not for Byrning
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about similarly-themed poetry, for 10 points each.,
[10] Theodore Roethke describes being made dizzy by the whiskey on the breath of this poem's title figure. The title action causes the speaker's mother to adopt a "countenance" that "could not unfrown itself".
Answer: "My Papa's Waltz"
[10] This poet's blind father describes his memories of painting the titular fruit in this man's poem "Persimmons". Other works of this great-grandson of Yuan Shikai include an attempt to create a perfect memory, "This Room and Everything In It".
Answer: Li-Young Lee
[10] This poem claims that its title figure's "one gray toe" was "Big as a Frisco seal". Its final stanza notes that "There's a stake in your fat black heart," and the speaker tells the title character, "You bastard, I'm through."
Answer: "Daddy" [by Sylvia Plath]
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It was attached to an appropriations bill which allotted two million dollars to peace negotiations and boundary determination in the wake of the Mexican war. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this rider, introduced by a Pennsylvania Democrat, which proposed banning slavery in all territories acquired from the war.
Answer: Wilmot Proviso
[10] David Wilmot was elected to the Senate in 1861, filling the seat vacated by this man's appointment as Secretary of War. He embarked on an immediate program of patronage and nepotism and was thus demoted to ambassador to Russia and replaced by Edwin Stanton before 1862 was out.
Answer: Simon Cameron
[10] The other major House proposal of 1846 was this new tariff bill, successfully passed at the recommendation of the eponymous Polk Treasury Secretary, which drastically lowered the rates of the preceding Black Tariff.
Answer: the Walker Tariff
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This term's Swedish origin stems from the fact that they were first identified in Sweden in 18 For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these annual layers of sediment, which alternate between nutrient-poor and nutrient-rich.
Answer: varves
[10] Limnologists can use a Secchi disk in conjunction with a form of the Beer-Lambert law to measure this quality for the water, which depends on true color and turbidity.
Answer: water clarity [accept transparency; or word forms of either; prompt on visibility or forms thereof]
[10] This Swedish geologist and father of varve science created the Swedish Time Scale based on the yearly varve deposits and is one of the foremost chronologists of the Quaternary period. He also names a type of moraine system containing several parallel narrow ridges close together.
Answer: Gerard Jacob de Geer
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[5,5] For five points each, these two figures were the sons of Chimalmat and Seven Macaw. One of them was the god of earthquakes, while the other killed the Four Hundred Boys and loved to eat crabs, which led to his downfall.,
[10] For ten, this goddess was often depicted with a rope around her neck and a partially-decomposed body. Fitting, as she was the goddess of suicide.
Answer:
[10] For a final ten, the earlier-mentioned Cabrakan and Zipacna were killed at the behest of the wind god Huracan by this pair of figures, who would go on to defeat the lords of Xibalba.
Answer: Cabrakan and Zipacna Ixtab
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This work was partially based on the cold weather of December 10, 18 For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this important waltz that features falls, a sleigh, and that prominently features the Seine River and Paris.
Answer: Les Patineurs [or The Skater's Waltz]
[10] This French composer wrote Golden Rain, Estudiantina, as well as Les Patineurs or The Skater's Waltz.
Answer: Emile Waldteufel
[10] This work is probably the most notable waltz of Jean Sibelius. It was written in conjunction with a play by Arvid Jarnefelt, Sibelius' brother-in-law.
Answer: Valse Triste or The/A Sad Waltz
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A onetime foreign minister for Ayub Khan, he was imprisoned after becoming a dissident to that government. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of The Myth of Independence who became increasingly dictatorial after coming to power in Pakistan in 1971, filling most cabinet posts himself before Zia-ul-Haq couped him good in 1977.
Answer: Zulfikar Ali Bhutto [prompt on Bhutto]
[10] Zulfikar Ali Bhutto founded this family political party, which was subsequently led by Nusrat and Benazir Bhutto and is now in power again behind Benazir Bhutto's widower Asif Ali Zardari.
Answer: the PPP [or Pakistan Peoples Party]
[10] Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was given control of Pakistan by Yahya Khan following electoral and military victories by this group, led by Mujibur Rahman, that promoted the independence of Bangladesh.
Answer: the Awami League
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The protagonist of this novel supports herself by making wreaths for Walter Pelzer, but infuriates her patriotic colleagues by offering her secret lover Boris a cup of coffee. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel in which Leni marries Alois Pfeiffer, who quickly dies. A late scene in this novel sees Leni's friends create a traffic jam with garbage trucks after she rides her bicycle across military lines.
Answer: Group Portrait with Lady [or Gruppenbild mit Dame]
[10] Identify the author of Group Portrait with Lady, who wrote about the death of a reporter in his The Lost Honor of Katharina Blum and about the rebuilding of a cathedral in his Billiards at Half-Past Nine.
Answer: Heinrich Theodor Boll
[10] This short story features a notable hall of portraits of German electors ending with one of Hitler. The narrator of this short story proves that his titular prosthetic has cost the government thousands in pensions paid out to former officers, because he saved their lives.
Answer: "My Expensive Leg" [or "Mein teures bein"]
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These filaments make up huge underground networks known as mycelia. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these entities that are sometimes divided by semipermeable cross-walls known as septa. They are branching threadlike filaments that are the basic building blocks of fungi.
Answer: hyphae
[10] This term describes hyphae which lack septae. You can't get 10 points away by saying "aseptate," so I will tell you that this term describes any cell which is multinucleate.
Answer: coenocytic [accept word forms]
[10] In ascomycota species, damage to the hyphae causes septal pores to become exposed, and these electron-dense bodies help to close up the holes. These bodies form around a core of HEX-1 protein, and are named for a nineteenth-century Russian biologist.
Answer: Woronin bodies [or organelles]
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In honor of this tournament's taking place a scant sixteen days after the Day of Remembrance for Unn the Deep-Minded, answer the following about Norse neopaganism for 10 points each.,
[10] Not to be confused with Theodism or Forn Sidr, this religion venerates the Aesir and celebrates such holidays as Yggdrasil Day, Ragnar Lodbrok Day, and, on Haymoon 4th, Founder's Day.
Answer: Asatru
[10] Practicioners of Asatru often wear pendants shaped like this item wielded by a certain member of the Aesir. The shortness of its handle was due to Loki's irritation of Brokk during its forging.
Answer: Mjollnir
[10] Give either of the terms, taken from Old Norse, that are used to refer to Asatru priests and priestesses. Asatru.org notes that to hold this position in "the modern era", one must be "a fearless spiritual warrior", and that those who merely "live in a fantasy world" should "go far away".
Answer: Gothi or Gythia [also accept what is apparently the general plural, Gothar]
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He created a thought experiment dealing with lightning strikes called the Swampman. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who died in 2003, and wrote On the Very Idea of a Conceptual Scheme, and Decision Making: An Experimental Approach, He is a former philosophy professor at Cal-Berkeley.
Answer: Donald Herbert Davidson
[10] Davidson provided a radical view of this idea, and wrote a famous work titled Inquiries and Truth into this, although it may be more famous for being applied to dreams by Sigmund Freud.
Answer: Interpretation
[10] This other work by Sigmund Freud divides humor into comic, mimetic, and commonplace types. It claims that the title events arise when the ego allows thoughts to rise to the surface that conflict with society's expectations.
Answer: Jokes and Their Relation to The Unconscious (or Witze und ihres Einflusses auf das Unbewusste)
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Answer the following about Japanese sculpture and architecture. For 10 points each:,
[10] This man is known for his collaboration with Charles Eames, Paul Laszlo, and George Nelson and created some sunken gardens.
Answer: Isamu Noguchi
[10] This architect designed the Azuma House in Osaka, as well as the Fort Worth Museum of Modern Art. ANSWER: Tadao Ando
Answer: Minoru Yamasaki
[10] This man designed the notable Pruitt-Igoe housing project in St. Louis, and later described it as, "a job I wish I hadn't done." He is probably best known for designing The World Trade Center.
Answer:
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Name these groups that French people joined, for 10 points each.,
[10] This fascist-Monarchist group, led by Leon Daudet and Charles Maurras, agitated against the Third Republic and groups such as Jews which it derided as "internal foreigners." It played a key role in the fall of the Daladier government in 1934.
Answer: Action Francaise
[10] Leon Blum, Camille Chautemps, and Edouard Daladier were the leaders of this alliance of Socialists and Communists, which held the prime ministry for one year starting in June 1936.
Answer: Popular Front [or Front Populaire]
[10] Pierre Laval brought France into this failed alliance with the UK and Italy in 1935. It was designed to resist German designs on Austria.
Answer: Stresa Front
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The transition state for this reaction sees a simultaneous proton shift from the terminal oxygen atom forming the carbonyl group, and the terminal oxygen forms a 1,2 bond with the olefin substrate. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this reaction which uses a peracid such as m-CPBA, and proceeds via a butterfly intermediate. It is named for a Russian chemist.
Answer: Prilezhaev Reaction
[10] The Prilezhaev reaction produces this class of compounds, which can also be produced from carbonyl compounds using a sulfonium ylide in the Johnson-Corey-Chaikovsky reaction.
Answer: epoxide [or oxirane; or oxacyclopropane]
[10] This reaction produces epoxides from allylic alcohols in the presence of diethyl tartarate and t-butyl hydroperoxide. The titanium isopropoxide catalyst used for this reaction is rather cool as well.
Answer: Sharpless reaction [or epoxidation]
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The Sacramento RiverCats defeated the Oklahoma RedHawks in its 2008 best-of-five championship series. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this baseball league which sends its champion to the annual Bricktown Showdown against the other triple-A league, the International League.
Answer: the PCL [or Pacific Coast League]
[10] A "grey" alien with baseball stitching on its round head is the logo of this PCL team, which switched affiliation to the Blue Jays after the 2008 season.
Answer: Las Vegas 51s [or 51s]
[10] The Las Vegas franchise was previously the top farm team of this Major League club, which now sends players to the Albuquerque Isotopes instead. Hiroki Kuroda, Chad Billingsley, and Casey Blake-sporting team was without the services of the suspended Manny Ramirez until early July.
Answer: Los Angeles Dodgers [prompts on Los Angeles to distinguish them from the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim]
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This man's poems include "To Saxham" and "Disdain Returned." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Cavalier Poet of "Coelem Britannicum," and "Mediocrity in Love Rejected."
Answer: Thomas Carew
[10] This work, the longest and most famous of Carew's erotic poems, asks Celia to "fly with me to Love's Elysium" and claims that nature made her "unapt for abstinence."
Answer: "A Rapture"
[10] This other Cavalier poet, who is associated with cribbage, wrote a dialogue in which he contemplated discussing "Lady Carlisle's Walking in Hampton Court Garden" with Thomas Carew. He is also known for the line, "Why so Pale and Wan Fond Lover?"
Answer: Sir John Suckling
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This island contains the cities of Sydney, Port Hawkesbury, and Halifax. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Canadian island on which the province Nova Scotia is located.
Answer: Cape Breton Island
[10] This body of water is the largest lake on Cape Breton Island. It is a saltwater lake, and it receives rivers such as the Skye, Denys, and Braddeck.
Answer: Bras d'or Lake or Gulf
[10] This fortress on Cape Breton Island was notably seized by Jeffrey "Lord Jeff" Amherst in 1758.
Answer: Louisbourg
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Ergospheric radiation almost always occurs in this form, which was first observed in magnetized mercury, and is named for Quentin Roper's favorite physicist. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this type of long wavelength nondispersive radiation arising due to ionic oscillations in a magnetic field. Their velocity is equal to the magnetic field strength over the square root of the product of total ion mass and vacuum permeability.
Answer: Alfven Waves
[10] The primary mode of energy transfer due to Alfven waves is this type of flux by which solar wind energy is transferred to the earth's surface.
Answer: Poynting flux
[10] This force arising from curvature of magnetic field lines is responsible for the characteristic "plucking" associated with Alfven waves via opposition of additional curvature arising from Lenz's Law.
Answer: Lorentz Force
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This ruler disliked his wife Blanche of Bourbon so much that he neglected her, ruining his alliance with John the Good of France. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this king of Castile and Leon who more notably fought an extensive civil war with his half-brother Henry of Trastamara.
Answer: Pedro the Cruel or the Just [or Peter]
[10] It's probably just as good that Pedro abandoned his alliance with John, because Edward the Black Prince soon afterward crushed John's army at this 1356 battle of the Hundred Years' War, taking him prisoner.
Answer: Battle of Poitiers
[10] Pedro later signed a more fruitful alliance with England, allowing him to win back his throne in this 1367 battle, won with the help of Edward.
Answer: Battle of Najera
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The protagonist of this novel is an English professor who studies Byron until he loses his job and has to take a position on his daughter's farm. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this J.M. Coetzee novel about David Lurie, who seduces one of his students.
Answer: Disgrace
[10] Susan Barton is rescued from a deserted island after attempting to find her missing daughter in this Coetzee novel, which centers on her attempts to get the titular author to help her commit her experiences to paper.
Answer: Foe
[10] This novel, Coetzee's first, is split into The Vietnam Project, which centers on psychological warfare expert Eugene Dawn, and The Narrative of Jacobus Coetzee, which centers on an exploratory mission.
Answer: Dusklands
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man painted Remember Uncle August the Happy Inventor and The Funeral. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this artist better-known for Cain, or Hitler in Hell.
Answer: George Grosz
[10] Grosz belonged to this school, which the like The Bridge, consisted of Germans. Another member of this school, John Heartfield, enjoyed painting prostitutes.
Answer: New Objectivity or Die Neue Sachlichkeit
[10] This new objectivist artist of Prager Street and Trench Warfare also painted the triptych Metropolis.
Answer: Wilhlem Heinrich Otto Dix

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