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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Chicago Open Tossups by Ragged Dick and the Algerian Heroes
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
According to Jonathan Crewe, the sparrow called "Syr Phip" in one section of this work stands for the poet himself. Penny McCarthy's book Pseudonymous Shakespeare argues that this work's lines "Listen then, lordings, with good ear to me/ for of my life I must a riddle tell" refer to Chaucer's tale of Sir Thopas, and allude to a forbidden relationship this work hides behind a poetic "screen." The speaker of the second poem in this work compares himself to a "slave-born Muscovite" enchained by love and laments "with a feeling skill, I paint my hell." Its twenty-fourth poem's reference to a (*) "rich foole" and its thirty-seventh poem's repetition of the word "rich" are commonly thought to allude to the identify of its central female character. After being rejected by that character, the speaker of this sonnet sequence exclaims "With how sad steps, O moon, thou climb'st the skies!" Probably about the poet's relationship with Penelope Rich, for 10 points, identify this sequence of one hundred and eight sonnets whose title characters have names meaning "star-lover" and "star," written by Philip Sidney.
Answer: Astrophel and Stella
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A type of ant colony optimization based on this algorithm has been applied by Gan et al to provide partial and negative outcome solutions to combinatorial auction maximization dilemmas. The ALPH variant of this algorithm is more adaptive and better at breaking ties than the original. Another modification has improved accuracy and is often used in AI known as the Iterative Deepening variant. The Lifelong Planning version is useful when costs are constantly changing (*) but requires a large amount of memory, while the Beam Search limits the size of its open search but requires the set to be sorted. It employs a priority queue known as the open set, and combines both a heuristic function and a cost function to balance path-finding considerations. If the heuristic function is zero, this algorithm degenerates into Dijkstra's algorithm. First developed by Peter Hart, Nils Nilsson, and Bertram Raphael, for ten points, name this best-first graph search algorithm which seeks the least-cost path to one of several goal nodes.
Answer: A* [pronounced "A-star"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Strong supporters of this ruler included V. Scschelkatov and P. F. Basmanov, and he caused a scandal when he elevated members of the low-born Nagoy family to the Boyars Council. This ruler called a Zemsky Sobor to pass a Bill of Attainder against one of his rivals for power, which was the first Zemsky Sobor in which the third estate elected their representatives, and he re-established the tradition of Yuri's Day, on which serfs could change masters. Another scandal during his reign occurred when his wife, Marina Mniszech, refused to (*) convert to the Orthodox, sparking rumors that this Tsar wanted to make Russia Catholic, and that he was an agent of King Sigismund III Vasa of Poland. This led to his defenestration by the supporters of Vasily Shuisky, who considered him an impostor. For ten points name this man who ruled Russia after Boris Gudenov by pretending to be the son of Ivan the Terrible, the first person to do so.
Answer: False Dimitry I [accept anything labelling him the first man to pretend to be Dmitriy; accept Grigory Otripyev]
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J. P. Guilford broke this concept down intro one hundred and fifty components divided into the axes of operations, concepts, and products. John Carroll's model of this concept divides it into narrow, broad, and general strata, and Robert Sternberg developed a triarchic theory of this concept. Raven's Progressive Matrices measure this concept, whose emotional type was studied by Daniel Goleman. Raymond Cattell divided this concept into fluid and crystallized types, and Charles Spearman defined it as the function g. Steven Jay Gould attacked attempts to encapsulate this concept within a single variable in The Mismeasure of Man, and Howard Gardner argued in favor of multiple ones. For 10 points, name this mental concept measured by the Weschler and Stanford-Binet tests.
Answer: intelligence [accept word forms]
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Early members of this order include St. Albert Avogadro, and one member of this order named Brother Lawrence inspired the work "The Practice of the Presence of God". The rules of this order refer to a mysterious individual called only "B", who was later revealed to be St. Bertold, the semi-legendary founder of this order. The titular spirit climbs the ten steps of the ladder of mystical love and reaches union with God in one member of this order's Dark Night of the Soul; that member also wrote a free-verse vernacular retelling of the (*) Song of Solomon named Spiritual Canticle. Another member of this order claimed to have had a vision where an angel pierced her with a spear, and many of its members wear no shoes. For ten points, name this Catholic order that includes St. John of the Cross and Teresa of Avila, noted for their brown clothes.
Answer: Carmelites [accept: Order of the Brothers of Our Lady of Mount Carmel; Ordo fratrum Beata Virginis Maria de monte Carmelo]
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In this novel's chapter "Myths," one character describes a legend of a knight whose idyllic love for a water nymph is destroyed when he attempts to wash a bloodstain in her fountain. The expression of another character's face inspires an artist to paint her in the act of discovering a spot of blood on her white robe. That character lives in a tower where she tends a flock of doves and the fire of a shrine to the Virgin Mary. Two characters in this novel are reconciled while meeting at the bronze statue of (*) Julius III in Perugia--one of those characters, the Count de Monte Beni, loses his animal sprightliness and becomes melancholy after throwing a monk off the Tarpeian Rock. This novel ends with Hilda agreeing to marry Kenyon, and begins with American artists comparing a vivacious Italian to a sculpture by Praxiteles. For 10 points, name this novel about a murder committed by Miriam and Donatello in Rome, written by Nathaniel Hawthorne.
Answer: The Marble Faun
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This character returns a blue Toyota Camry hybrid he bought after only a day, and he nearly freezes to death in a car whose broken tape player plays the song "500 Miles" on a loop. This character lost his virginity to a girl who then borrowed 20 bucks and absconded, and he breaks up with a girl known only as "blah blah" because she falls below the "Mendoza line." The alter-ego of college radio personality Dr. X, this character engages in an unknown sexual escapade involving a pineapple with a character played by Danica McKellar, and he falls in love with a woman who uses the alias "Buttercup" when they meet at a wedding, Victoria. After getting a tramp stamp he meets the dermatologist who later leaves him at the altar, Stella, while he steals a blue French horn to impress Canadian tv reporter Robin Scherbatsky. Played by Josh Radnor, this architect-turned-professor hangs out at McLaren's with Marshall and Lily Ericsson and a proponent of the "bro code" played by Neil Patrick Harris, Barney Stinson. For 10 points name this protagonist of How I Met Your Mother.
Answer: Ted Mosby [accept either]
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Kulik and Omel'yanchuk developed refinements for metallic links in these objects, while thermal fluctuations in these objects can be analyzed with the Ambegaokar-Halperin model, and irradiating one of these devices gives rise to constant voltage Shapiro steps in them. They are characterized by the overdamped and underdamped regimes of the (*) RCSJ model, while semifluxons occur in their zero-pi long variety. Shadow evaporation can be used to create them for flux qubits, and their associated constant is equal to two times e over h, making it the reciprocal of the magnetic flux quantum. The current across one of these devices is equal to the critical current times the sine of the phase difference, while two of these devices are arranged in a superconducting loop in a DC SQUID. For 10 points, name these devices defined by the current flow across a non conducting barrier between two coupled superconductors.
Answer: Josephson junction
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The first settlers of this colony were led by John Powell, while Errol Barrow led it when it gained independence. James Hay, the Earl of Carlisle, took control of the profits of this colony from William Courten, who had financed its settlement, in an event known as the (*) "Great Robbery" of this colony. The Bayley plantation was home to a 1816 rebellion of slaves here known as the Bussa Rebellion, and it was the first American location that Oloudah Equiano described. Judge Jeffreys of the Bloody Assizes exiled supporters of the Monmouth Rebellion to this colony, and slaves coming from Africa were usually brought here before being shipped to other British colonies. For ten points, name easternmost British colony in the Western Antilles, now a country with capital at Bridgetown.
Answer: Barbados
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An epic poem by Robert Pollok provided partial inspiration for this work, which was significantly influenced by Robert Burford's Pandemonium. It was dedicated to its commissioner, Luman Reed, and the "motto" of the artist's program to this work was taken from Childe Harold's Pilgrimage. In one of the paintings in this series, a man can be seen sketching a geometrical problem in the ground on the left while a boy crudely sketches a (*) man with a sword on the right. In another painting in this series, a makeshift bridge strains under the weight of people running across it, while a fountain gushes in the foreground of the third one as a scarlet robed figure crosses a bridge. A megalithic temple appears in the one subtitled, "The Arcadian," while a cluster of wigwams and a hunter chasing a deer can be seen in the first, "The Savage State." For 10 points, name this series of paintings about the progress of civilization, a work of Thomas Cole.
Answer: The Course of Empire
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Part of this bill was upheld by the Supreme Court in Flint v. Stone Tracy Co. One author of this bill was nicknamed "The General Manager of the Nation" for his power in the Senate and also sponsored the bill which created the National Monetary Commission. The President who signed this bill praised it in the controversial (*) Winona Speech. The final version of this bill was opposed by a House faction known as the "Insurgents", whose leaders included George Norris, but it was strongly supported by a faction called the "standpatters", whose leaders included Mark Hanna and who believed a strong protectionist policy was necessary for Republicans to win. For ten points, name this tariff signed by William Howard Taft, which split the Republicans before the 1912 elections, and which was replaced by the Underwood Tariff.
Answer: Payne-Aldrich Tariff
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One form of poetry prominent in this language was developed by Shah Hussain and probably derives its name from Persian for "rhyme scheme." That form of poetry usually consists of five or seven line verses and is called Kafi. The Sufi influence on literature written in this language can be seen in the works of Bulleh Shah and Sheikh Fareed Shakarganj, the first person to write in this language. One poem in this language asks the author of Heer Ranjha, Waris Shah, to look at his people from his grave and was written by (*) Amrita Pritam. Like Hindi, this language is derived from Sauraseni Prakrit, and it is written in the Shahmukhi and Gurmukhi scripts. One example of the former is the Mool Mantra seen on the first page of the Adi Granth. For 10 points, name this language of eastern Pakistan and north-western India that is usually associated with Sikhism.
Answer: Punjabi
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In 1987, Ambeth Ocampo reconstructed the manuscript of this author's final, unfinished novel. In one of this author's novels, Juli asks the lecherous Father Camorra to help free her boyfriend from prison, only to commit suicide by jumping off a balcony after nearly being raped. The title character of that novel plans an aborted revolution with arms smuggled by the Chinese merchant Quiroga, and gives a lamp containing a secret compartment filled with nitroglycerine to Paulita Gomez and Juanito Pelaez in order to blow up the government officials attending their wedding feast. The pamphlet "Caingat Cayo" warned against reading the novels of this author, whose second novel focuses on the wealthy jeweler Simoun. In another of this author's novels, (*) Father Damaso excommunicates the idealistic lover of Maria Clara, Juan Cristosomo Ibarra. For 10 points, name this author who attacked the corruption of Spanish friars ruling his home country in his novels El Filibusterismo and Noli me Tangere, whose death sparked the Phillipine Revolution.
Answer: Jose Rizal
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One appendix to this work discusses the right of heads of state to give the death penalty as long as it is publicly stated ahead of time. Another section in that appendix discusses the role of potentia tremenda in the assumption of oppression. The third section of this work seeks to define hospitality and establishes it as a right of all people based on their common identity as existing on earth, and it defines citizenship by analogy to a more fundamental concept discussed in this essay. The first section of this essay contains a set of conditions by which the title condition could be brought about, including the forgiveness of external debts and a ban on intervention by external powers in the internal affairs of other countries. For ten points, identify this essay by Immanuel Kant which sought to outline the conditions in which war could be eliminated forever.
Answer: Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch
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This leader was encouraged to perform an action by Joaquim Ledo and Jose Clemente Pereira on "stay day." This man dictated the terms of the Peace of Evoramonte after his forces won the Battle of Asseiciera, and he had an affair with Domitila de Castro. This husband of (*) Amelie of Leuchtenberg was criticized in the Sentinella and Tamoyo papers, which were written by supporters of Jose Bonifacio. This man's first marriage was to Maria Leopoldina of Austria, with whom he sired Maria II, who would fight with this man's brother Miguel during the Liberal Wars. Other deeds of this man include making the Cry of Ipiranga, which split the lands of his Braganza dynasty and made his country independent from Portugal. For 10 points, identify this first Emperor of Brazil.
Answer: Dom Pedro I [accept: Pedro IV of Portugal; Pedro the Soldier-King; Pedro o Rei-Soldado]
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This man's works for guitar and percussion include Quest and Mundus Canis. One of this man's works features a chord progression representing the "Music of the Spheres" and features an interlude entitled "Seven Trumpets of the Apocalypse", which precedes two children's choirs situated at opposite ends of the stage joining to sing the "Hymn for the New Age." Another work features variations with titles like "Archeozoic" and "Proterozoic", and this composer of Star Child and Vox Baelaenae was inspired by Garcia Lorca for his books of madrigals as well as his Ancient Voices of Children. One of his works uses water-tuned crystal goblets to create the "God-music" section of the "Return" movement, and that work features two threnodies subtitled "Night of the Electric Insects." He collected works such as Celestial Mechanics, Music for a Summer Evening, and two sets of 12 Fantasy Pieces after the Zodiac amongst his Makrokosmos works. For 10 points, name this composer of a work for a quartet of instruments amplified "to the threshold of pain", Black Angels.
Answer: George Crumb
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The most highly cited paper in bio-science publishing, which was written by O. H. Lowry, characterizes a method which uses a derivative of this compound called Folin's reagent to determine protein concentration. Heating the sodium salt of this compound in high pressure carbon dioxide and subsequently treating the intermediate with sulfuric acid is used to synthesize salicylic acid in the Kolbe-(*) Schmitt method. One industrial method of synthesizing it involves the addition of propylene to yield the intermediate which names the process, and subsequently involves the peroxidation and treatment of that intermediate, cumene, to yield this compound. A defunct method of synthesizing this compound sees the chlorination of its precursor which is then hydrolyzed, regenerating the hydrochloric acid; that process, named for Hooker and Raschig, uses benzene as the starting material. For 10 points, identify this compound which features a hydroxyl group bonded to benzene, with formula C6H5OH.
Answer: phenol [accept hydroxylbenzene until "hydroxyl;" accept C6H5OH until mentioned; prompt on benzene until "sodium salt"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This play ends with Getas dragging the sleeping protagonist from his house, pounding on his door, and bombarding him with requests to borrow Persian rugs and a bronze wine-bowl. A comic scene in this play occurs when the cook Sikon drags a sheep onstage and attempts to sacrifice it to the shrine of the Nymphs. After Simiche drops a bucket and a mattock into a well, this play's protagonist falls in after them, causing him to adopt his rescuer, Gorgias, as his son. Beginning with a prologue spoken by Pan, this play is set in Phyle, and ends happily with Sostratos being betrothed to Myrrhine, the daughter of the title character, who first appears wishing he owned the head of Medusa so he could turn everyone else into stone. The only fully extant example of its author's New Comedy, for 10 points, name this play by Menander about the ill-tempered farmer Knemon.
Answer: The Grouch [or Dyskolos; or The Bad-Tempered Man or pretty much any equivalents]
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This Navajo equivalent of this kind of person is known as the Mai-cob. Among the Belgians, it is said that these people fear Mountain Ash trees, whose shadow may protect a house from them, while in Haitian tradition they are said to have red eyes. Allegedly, one of them named Hans was executed in Estonia in 1651, and in 1573, Gilles Garnier was executed in France on accusations of being this kind of creature. In eighteenth century France, the Beast of Gevaudan, which killed over a hundred people, was allegedly one of these creatures. For ten points, name this creature which you might encounter under a full moon and slay with a silver bullet.
Answer: werewolf [accept: lycanthrope before mention]
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Rhabdomyolysis is seen in patients with Tarui's disease and McArdle's disease because enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of this compound are deficient or dysfunctional. One enzyme which regulates its biosynthesis also appears in the Wnt signalling pathway, wherein that enzyme phosphorylates beta-catenin. Degradation of this molecule does not occur in patients suffering from von (*) Gierke's disease. The degradation of this molecule normally occurs by removal of monomers at its nonreducing ends by a pyridoxal phosphate intermediate. An oxocarbonium intermediate derived from UDP-glucose results in a linear polymer connected by alpha-1,4 linkages, while a branching enzyme is required for its alpha-1,6 glycosidic bonds. Insulin favors its synthesis while increased glucagon leads to its breakdown. For 10 points, name this polysaccharide used to store glucose in muscle and liver cells.
Answer: glycogen
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This author wrote a mock scientific paper about throwing tomatoes at soprano singers to demonstrate the "yelling reaction." A fictional autobiography by this author intersperses scenes of growing up in Vichy France with stories about a sports-obsessed island off the coast of Tierra del Fuego called W. One of this author's novels is narrated by Serge Valene, and concerns Gaspard Winckler's creation of a group of five hundred jigsaw puzzles that Percival Bartlebooth attempts to solve. In another of this author's novels, Olga Mavrokhordatos dies after discovering the Zahir in the pet fish of Douglas Haig Clifford, who also dies while investigating the disappearance of Anton Vowl. This author used the Knight's Tour to determine the order of chapters in his novel about the inhabitants of the fictional apartment block 11 Rue Simon-Crubellier. For 10 points, name this member of Oulipo who used constraints to write his novels A Void and Life: A User's Manual.
Answer: Georges Perec
2009 Chicago Open Bonuses by Ragged Dick and the Algerian Heroes
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A man in a green coat is seen fleeing with a sack in the bottom right corner of this painting, while a candelabra sits at the feet of the central figure. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this painting in which a pogrom provides the background for the titular act.
Answer: The White Crucifixion
[10] The White Crucifixion is a painting by this artist of I and the Village.
Answer: Marc Chagall [or Mark Zakharovich Shagal]
[10] This Chagall painting, a replica of a mural entitled Music its artist created for Moscow's Jewish theatre, shows a man in a burgundy coat with his feet resting on two houses as a man with open arms floats over some clouds.
Answer: The Green Violinist [or The Green Fiddler]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man's navy, commanded by Eustace the Monk, was defeated at the Battle of Sandwich, forcing him to sign the Treaty of Lambeth. FTPE,,
[10] Name this King of France who was briefly proclaimed King of England in 1216 after invading it during the Barons War.
Answer: Louis VIII
[10] After the death of Louis VIII, this widow effectively ruled France. She put down revolts led by Philip Hurepel and Raymond VII of Toulouse.
Answer: Blanche of Castile
[10] Louis VIII's son, Louis IX, also known as St. Louis, so improved relations between France and the Catholic Church that forty years later, this Pope moved from Rome to Avignon.
Answer: Clement V
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A biography of this man may be found in the Denkard, and he is often depicted wielding a symbol of priesthood known as the barstom. FTPE,,
[10] Name this man who taught about Asha and Drug while founding a religion.
Answer: Zoroaster or Zarathustra
[10] Zarathustra converted this Zoroastrian king to Zoroastrianism, and he became the religion's first major patron.
Answer: Vishtaspa [accept: Bishtasb]
[10] This figure from later Zoroastrianism was born full-grown from a rock, and is typically depicted slaying a bull whose testicles are being attacked by a scorpion. He was notably worshiped in caves.
Answer: Mithras
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Name these characters from Pilgrim's Progress, for 10 points each.,
[10] This character is waylaid by Mr. Wordly-Wiseman, the Flatterer, and Apollyon on his journey from the City of Destruction to the Celestial City. He's the protagonist, in case the previous clues didn't make that clear.
Answer: Christian
[10] This character joins Christian on the journey to the Celestial City, but is killed in the town of Vanity Fair after Judge Hate-Good condemns him to death. Later, Hopeful takes his place as Christian's companion.
Answer: Faithful
[10] Good-Will tells Christian to visit the house of this character, which contains a dusty room whose cleaning represents the removal of sin, and a fire being simultaneously quenched and fed oil, which represents the contest between Satan and Christ over the flame of faith.
Answer: the Interpreter
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following from waveform modeling from various branches of physics, for 10 points each.,
[10] This principle gives a useful method for predicting the frequency and velocity of secondary wavelets propagating from a single wavefront. It states that every point on a wavefront may generate spherical wavelets, and that the secondary wavelets will have the same frequency and velocity as the primary wavefront.
Answer: Huygens' Principle
[10] This is the oscillation frequency of a displaced gas parcel in a vertically stratified background. It is given by the square root of the product of the acceleration and potential temperature difference over the product of the dry temperature and displacement height.
Answer: Brunt-Vaisala Frequency [either order acceptable; accept buoyant frequency]
[10] Kinetic loss in relativistic wave propagation, especially as it relates to radiation damping, is explained by this theory which assumes sufficient universe-wide absorbency for any effect emanating from a charged particle.
Answer: Feynman-Wheeler Theory [either order acceptable]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This political boss helped pass the bill that unified the five boroughs into New York City, so he could expand the area over which he had political patronage power. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Senator, who early in his career was second-in-command of the Stalwarts behind Roscoe Conkling and was one of two Senators to resign their seats in protest when James Garfield began appointing only Half-Breeds to his cabinet.
Answer: Thomas Platt
[10] Thomas Platt is better known for his namesake Platt amendment, which dealt with this US conquest from the Spanish-American war.
Answer: Cuba
[10] Platt resigned his Senate seat because Garfield had broken this agreement he had made with Roscoe Conkling in a New York hotel, under which Garfield agreed to appoint some Stalwarts to the cabinet in exchange for Conkling's support.
Answer: Treaty of Fifth Avenue
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Suspiciously familiar characters in this work include the gifted singer Vanemuine and the gifted smith Ilmarine. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Estonian national epic, a work of poet Friedrich Kreutzwald that sounds like a ripoff of a neighboring country's more famous epic.
Answer: Kalevipoeg [accept: Kalev's Son; Son of Kalev]
[10] Kalevipoeg, the titular hero and protagonist of the Kalevipoeg, is this kind of creature, and the epic recounts his completely original adventures, such as the time he found a wife, only for her to tragically drown, or the time he visited the underworld.
Answer: giant
[10] The underworld in the Kalevipoeg is named "Porgu", so Kreutzwald at least picked a name that was different from the name of this Finnish underworld in the Kalevala.
Answer: Tuonela [accept: Manala]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these medieval Arabic poets, for 10 points each.,
[10] This man abandoned his academic career to write poetry after meeting the dervish Shams al-Din. This mystic Sufi poet may be best known for his Spiritual Couplets.
Answer: Jalal ud'din Rumi
[10] According to Wikipedia, this author "may have been the first Arab poet to write about masturbation [citation needed]." He was exiled by the Abbasids for writing a poem praising the Barmakids, and he often described seducing Christian boys in his largely pederastic poetry.
Answer: Abu Nuwas
[10] This Sufi poet adopted a pen name meaning "one who has memorized the Qu'ran by heart." He most commonly used the ghazal form instead of the qasida, and his poetry celebrating love and wine is collected in his Divan.
Answer: Hafez
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One example of them is used to catalyze the conversion of pyruvate to oxaloacetate, while another converts acetyl-CoA to malonyl-CoA. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this class of enzymes that add one-carbon units to molecules.
Answer: carboxylases
[10] Carboxylases usually feature this cofactor, a B-vitamin that activates a carboxyl group for transfer. The carboxyl group attaches to its ureido ring before being attacked an enol.
Answer: biotin [or vitamin B7; or vitamin H]
[10] Biotin binds strongly to this protein found in egg-whites, or its bacterial analogue, which is frequently exploited in affinity chromatography and isotopically coded affinity tags. Eating too much raw egg-whites can thus cause a deficiency of biotin.
Answer: avidin [or streptavidin]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This social scientist introduced his concept of "social dramas" in his dissertation, Schism and Community in African Society. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this anthropologist who analyzed the Ndembu people in The Forest of Symbols and applied Arnold van Gennep's concept of liminality to modern societies to describe "anti-structures" such as "communitas" that liberate people from normative constraints.
Answer: Victor Turner
[10] In graduate school, Turner studied under this leading member of the Manchester School of anthropology, who argued that conflicts in one set of social relations are integrated into a different set of social relations through cross-cutting alliances in works like Custom and Conflict in Africa.
Answer: Max Gluckman
[10] The feelings of social cohesion in Turner's concept of communitas are often opposed to the breakdown of social solidarity denoted by this concept first theorized by Emile Durkheim.
Answer: anomie
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The official government inquiry into this scandal was led by Frederick Handel Booth. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1912 scandal in which several British cabinet members were accused of buying stock in the namesake wireless telegraph company, using inside information that the government was about the award it a contract.
Answer: Marconi Affair
[10] The Marconi affair rocked the administration of this Liberal Prime Minister, who held the office from 1908 to 1916.
Answer: Henry Herbert Asquith
[10] During the Second Boer War, Asquith formed a league of pro-war Liberals with, among others, this dude who instituted namesake military reforms and established the British Expeditionary Force. He later served as Asquith's Lord Chancellor.
Answer: Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This opera's title character sings "Cortigiani, vil razza dannata" and the Duke's aria "Possente amor mi chiama" is the cabaletta to "Parmi veder le lagrime." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this opera, in which the title character sings "Pari siamo" when contemplating his similarities to the assassin Sparafucile.
Answer: Rigoletto
[10] Rigoletto is a work of this man, also known for Nabucco and Il Trovatore.
Answer: Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi
[10] This Verdi opera, which takes place in Boston, sees Ulrica call on the King of the Abyss in "Re dell'abisso, affrettati" and the page Oscar sing "Saper vorreste." It was originally based on the assassination of Gustav III.
Answer: Un Ballo in Maschera [or A Masked Ball]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The speaker of this poem observes that the rolling "wave of the world" causes the "old faiths" to "loosen and fall" and the "new years" to "ruin and rend." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poem addressed to a Greek goddess, which asserts "For there is no God found stronger than death; and death is a sleep."
Answer: "Hymn to Prosperine"
[10] This play dedicated to Walter Savage Landor used English verse to emulate Greek tragedy. It includes a chorus beginning "When the hounds of spring are on winter's traces, / The mother of months in meadow or plain / Fills the shadows and windy places / With lisp of leaves and ripple of rain."
Answer: Atalanta in Calydon
[10] This late Victorian poet wrote "Hymn to Prosperine" and Atalanta in Calydon.
Answer: Algernon Charles Swinburne
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Subsidence and rebound are two processes that maintain it. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this gravitational equilibrium between the earth's crust and the asthenosphere.
Answer: isostasy
[10] According to the Pratt model of isostasy, the bottom of the lithosphere lies at this constant depth. Below this level, all pressures are hydrostatic.
Answer: depth of compensation [word forms okay]
[10] This correction named for a French mathematician must be applied in situations where rock thickness above sea level affects gravitational measurements. Terrain correction is usually applied when this correction is insufficient.
Answer: Bouguer correction
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
They are "born...by continual flashes of lightening from the divinity." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these objects which are arranged into entelechies, souls, and spirits.
Answer: Monads
[10] This work features Philalethe, who represents John Locke, and Theophilius, who represents the author, and is a rebuttal of An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding.
Answer: New Essays on Human Understanding or Nouveaux essais sur l'entendement humain
[10] This French philosopher and logician published The Logic of Leibniz and revived Leibniz's advocation of a universal language when he helped to found and promote the Esperanto offshoot Ido.
Answer: Louis Couturat
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
His appearance in the anti-war "Der Fuhrer's Face," in which he mockingly "seig heils," won an Oscar. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this silly symphonies mainstay voiced for over 50 years by Clarence Nash, who has flat feet according to the short in which he "gets drafted."
Answer: Donald Duck
[10] Donald is famously related to this duck, who cares for Huey, Duey and Louie when Donald joins the navy. He estimates his own fortune at north of five multiplujilion dollars.
Answer: Scrooge McDuck [accept either]
[10] Inspired by "Diabolik," this is Donald's acanonical crime fighting and avenging alter-ego. Its was initially made only for the Italian market.
Answer: Paperinink [or any of Phantomias, Duck Avenger, Superduck, PK, Fantomerik, Superdonald or Phantom Duck]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following equations from chemical kinetics, for 10 points each.,
[10] This equation that features a pre-exponential factor relates the rate constant to the temperature and the reaction's activation energy.
Answer: Arrhenius equation
[10] Whereas the Arrhenius equation works best for gas-phase reactions, this other equation, solidly based in the theory of transition states, can describe the reaction rates of mixed-phase and solution reactions. This equation relates the log of the rate constant to the activation enthalpy and activation entropy of the reaction.
Answer: Eyring-Polanyi equation
[10] This equation describes the change of a reaction rate with addition of salt to the system. Its derivation employs the Debye-Huckle equation, and it relates the equilibrium constant to the square-root of the ionic strength of the system.
Answer: Bronsted-Bjerrum equation
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This figure established the so-called "Second Zhou Dynasty". For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Chinese empress whose 690-705 rule interrupted the Tang dynasty.
Answer: Wu Zetian
[10] The Tang dynasty was also troubled by this other woman, an imperial concubine who promoted the career of An Lushan, whose rebellion she was largely blamed for.
Answer: Yang Guifei
[10] Yang Guifei was a cousin of this successor to Li Linfu as Tang minister. His attempts to purge the court of An Lushan's supporters directly led to the rebellion, and like Yang Guifei he was killed by imperial troops who blaimed him.
Answer: Yang Guozhong
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
During this play, Bradley sticks his hand into the mouth of Shelly, the girlfriend of Vince. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1979 play set in the home of Halie and Dodge. It ends with corn beginning to regrow after Tilden digs up the corpse of an infant.
Answer: Buried Child
[10] This author of Fool For Love and A Lie of the Mind wrote Buried Child.
Answer: Sam Shepard
[10] Wesley's butchering of a lamb parallels the destruction of the Tate family's land in this Shepard play, whose characters are oddly fixated on a refrigerator.
Answer: Curse of the Starving Class
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He composed his Flute Sonata for Jean-Pierre Rampal in the memory of Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who composed a Sonata for Clarinet and Piano in memory of Honegger, as well as Three Novelettes and the Concert Champetre for Wanda Landowska.
Answer: Francis Poulenc
[10] Concert Champetre quotes from this work, the final movement of Handel's Suite No. 5 in E major, whose repeated pedal note was supposedly inspired by a hammer hitting an anvil.
Answer: The Harmonious Blacksmith
[10] This sadomasochistic Australian composer of Lincolnshire Posy used The Harmonious Blacksmith to create his Handel in the Stand, and he created the "Kangaroo in the Pouch" machine as well as free music.
Answer: George Percy Grainger

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