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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 Chicago Open Tossups by Ragab
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One story in this work describes how a sharp comb was used to wean the baby of Lyubka. Another story describes how one character meets his eventual wife Tsilya while extorting money from her father. The stories "Lyubka the Cossack" and "The King," like the rest in this collection, are set in the Moldavanka neighborhood of the title city. Focusing on the exploits of a gang led by Jewish gangster Benya Krik, FTP name this story collection written by Isaac Babel and set in the largest port in Ukraine.
Answer: Odessa Tales or Stories (acc. "The King" before it is mentioned)
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The 11 lines of poetry appended to this work are attributed to a larger work called "Fallacies of Hope." On the bottom right, a man holds his arms up in the air, while on the lower left various men are helping one another under an orange sun that threatens to be obscured. Currently housed in the Tate Gallery and arranged using dark vortices, the painter does not show the title character in detail; instead he depicts the character's charges in distress during the title event. Inspired by his own experiences of a storm in Yorkshire, FTP name this 1812 work by Turner depicting a certain Carthaginian's trek over some mountains.
Answer: Snow Storm: Hannibal and his Army Crossing the Alps (prompt on Snow Storm as there are other works with that title)
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Geman and Geman introduced a procedure named for this man that differs from the Metropolis algorithm in that only one parameter of interest is estimated during each step. In addition to his sampling method, he lends his name to the mixing paradox and to the overshooting of finite Fourier series approximations to a jump discontinuity. He introduced the notion of chemical potential, and deduced a relation for closed systems in equilibrium between the numbers of chemical components, degrees of freedom and separate phases. FTP name this physical chemist who also introduced a namesake free energy.
Answer: Josiah Willard Gibbs
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A member of the Masmuda tribe established this dynasty, whose name derives from the Arabic for "Unitarian" or "the monotheists." Its height was under Yaqub al-Mansur, who introduced Averroes to the court, built the Koutoubia Mosque and defeated King Alfonso VIII of Castile at the Battle of Alarcos. Its decline began with the defeat of Muhammad al-Nasir at Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212. Succeeded by the Marinids in 1269, FTP name this Berber Muslim dynasty whose capital was at Marrakesh and that succeeded the Almoravids as rulers of the Magreb and al-Andalus.
Answer: Almohad Dynasty
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Two villages nearly came to blows after one of these beings walked between them wearing a parti-colored cap. Another of these entities has three aspects, including Feraille, who invigorates servants by slapping them. These spirits can be called on in a divination practice known as Ifa conducted by a babalawo. Eshu and Ogun number among these manifestations of Olodumare worshipped in Candomble and other Yoruban-based religious systems. FTP name these central deities of Santeria.
Answer: Orishas (accept gods of Santeria or equivalents before "Santeria")
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Part three begins with a quote from a letter to D'Alembert that encourages the reader "to think of something else," before describing the narrator pining for his native shores. That nostalgia contrasts starkly with the first two parts, which the author wrote at Kinsham Court, and which find the speaker reciting his present state of dissipation. Ultimately, he decides to flee "his fellow bacchanals" to Portugal. By the fourth and final part, this work's author has dropped speaking via his narrator and recounts his own experiences visiting Venice and Rome. Written in Spenserian stanzas, its most famous sections feature the author's titular alter ego reflecting on the glory of Napoleon and the birth of a daughter named Ada. For ten points, identify this Lord Byron work describing the many travels of the title character.
Answer: Childe Harold's Pilgrimage
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Its minor tributaries include the Sacandaga, the Hoosic and the Schroon, while towns along its banks include Stillwater, Glens Falls, Kingston and Ossining. Known in Mahican as Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk, or "the river that goes two ways," it is a tidal estuary as far upstream as Troy. Parts of this river form coves such as Haverstraw Bay and Weehawken Cove, the former of which is just north of this river's widest part, the Tappan Zee. It is connected to the Delaware by a namesake canal, and its principal tributary is the Mohawk. FTP, name this river that flows past Jersey City, Albany and Manhattan.
Answer: Hudson River
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A man sharing his name fled after an ephor announced a sign from the gods favoring the reforms of his co-regent Agis IV. This man's father saved the city of Sicyon from the tyrant Aeschynus. His father-in-law went insane, and was arrested and executed for plotting against Damartius. His father-in-law, Cleomenes I, was also his half-brother by his father, Ananaxdridas II. He replied "Molon Labe!," meaning "Come and get them," following his enemy's demand for unilateral disarmament. FTP name this husband of Gorgo and 17th Agiad king of Sparta who died fighting at Thermopylae.
Answer: Leonidas I
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This man wrote an unfinished and fragmentary novel in which an unnamed Englishman undergoes a series of exams in hopes of marrying Miss Augusta Allfancy, a native of Kantsaywhere. He advised steering by holding a horse's tail when crossing rivers in his The Art of Travel, and discussed the negative correlation of energy and head size in a work on the nature and nurture of English Men of Science. He introduced the concept of statistical correlation and founded the journal Biometrika with Weldon and his student Pearson. FTP name this polymath who wrote Hereditary Genius after reading his cousin's Origin of Species.
Answer: Francis Galton
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The energy of charge transfer from a ligand to the metal it coordinates is proportional to the difference between their values for the optical variety of this quantity. The principle of equalization of this quantity posited by Sanderson states that its value for a group is the geometric mean of the values for each individual atom. Determination of it for orbitals was undertaken by Hinze and Jaffe. It has been posited to be proportional to the effective nuclear charge divided by the square of the covalent radius, defined as the additional strength of a heteronuclear bond, and defined as the average of the ionization energy and electron affinity. FTP name this quantity given various definitions by Allred and Rochow, Mulliken, and Pauling, which gives a numerical value to how much an atom likes electrons.
Answer: electronegativity
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In Act I of this opera, the fan of the Marchesa Attavanti is produced to make the titular character suspicious of her lover, who is thrown in prison after hearing news of Napoleon's victory at the battle of Marengo. Based on a play by Victorien Sardou that starred Sarah Bernhardt in the title role, it preceded such later works as Il Tabarro as its composer's first effort in the verismo genre. The title character agrees to sleep with the police chief in order to save her lover's life, but his mock execution turns out to be real, and she throws herself from the roof of the Castel Sant' Angelo. FTP, name this opera which includes such arias as Recondita harmonia, Visse d'arte, and E Lucevan le stelle, a work by Puccini.
Answer: Tosca
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According to some accounts the hoof-prints of this figure's horse sprang wells. His horse died during a gathering that also saw the deaths of a large wolf with viper-reins and a dwarf named Lit. This son-in-law of Nep was avenged by the son of Rind. He gave Draupnir to Hermod the Bold, who failed to secure his release when Thokk refused to cry for him. His ship Ringhorn was set afire and his wife Nanna threw herself on his pyre following his death, which had been foreseen in a dream by his mother Frigg. FTP name this Norse god killed by a mistletoe dart thrown by his blind brother Hodr.
Answer: Baldur or Baldr or Balder
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This film directed by Rowdy Herrington includes a villain smashing monster trucks into buildings to terrorize a small town. Wade Garrett, played by Sam Elliott, thinks the love interest, "Doc", has "entirely too many brains to have an ass like that." The protagonist, an NYU philosophy graduate, brings his medical records wherever he goes in order to save time, and his finishing move involves ripping the throat out of his victims. He is hired to cool a bar in Jasper, a town run by Brad Wesley. FTP name this seminal 1989 cinematic masterpiece, in which Patrick Swayze plays a cooler named Dalton who cleans up the Double Deuce.
Answer: Roadhouse
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An early model for this phenomenon was the "core" or "rump" model advanced by Heisenberg. Some of the complexities observed in this phenomenon led to Uhlenbeck and Goudsmit's spin hypothesis. The Breit-Rabi equation gives its transition energies in terms of the hyperfine energy splitting, the Bohr magneton and the Lande g-factor. Transitions with non-zero net electron spin yield the anomalous variety of this phenomenon, and its strong-field limit is called the Paschen-Back effect. FTP name this splitting of spectral lines by external magnetic fields.
Answer: Zeeman Effect
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He led a raid that undid some of the damage from his side's defeat at Cissa, but the enemy was soon reinforced from Massilia. Later he lost the Battle of Dertosa, but defeated his enemies at Upper Baetis. He outmaneuvered Publius Scipio in Hispania, and arrived in Gaul in late 206 BC. Intercepted by Claudius Nero and Marcus Livius, he was forced to face the consuls in battle, holding his ground until Marcus Livius broke the Iberian flank. Meeting his inglorious and headless end at the Battle of Metaurus, FTP, name this Carthaginian general and brother of Hannibal.
Answer: Hasdrubal Barca
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His biography of John Sterling was published shortly after a series of political writings, the Latter-Day Pamphlets. Those writings were more vehement in tone than an earlier political work, which drew upon the Chronicle of Jocelin of Brakelond to compare the 12th-century to Victorian England. That work, Past and Present, noted the importance of strong leadership, a theme which he also explored in On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and the Heroic in History. The German writer Jean Paul appears as a character in his most famous work, which also includes the characters Blumine, Heuschrecke, and a philosopher of clothes, Diogenes Teufelsdrockh. FTP, name this author of Sartor Resartus.
Answer: Thomas Carlyle
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He was ordered to impregnate two queens, but his wild looks caused one queen to close her eyes and the other to turn pale, resulting in one blind and one pale son. This son of Parashara and Satyavati is credited with writing the Yoga-bhasya and the 18 major Puranas, and with dividing the Veda into four collections, earning him a name meaning "Splitter of the Vedas." This father of Dhritarashtra and Pandu lived in the forest of Kurukshetra, facilitating the composition of his best-known work, which he dictated to Ganesh. FTP name this grandfather of the Pandavas and Kauravas who recorded their struggle in the Mahabharata.
Answer: Veda Vyasa or Krishna Dvaipayana
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This property is systematized in the genus Brassica by the Triangle of U. The theory of this type of complex was first described by Babcock and Stebbins to explain genetic exchange between species incapable of directly breeding with each other. In humans, partial but not complete hydatiform moles exhibit this phenomenon, as do normal hepatocytes. It results from endoreplication in Drosophila salivary glands; in other cells it can also result from non-reduction during meiosis. Commonly occurring in plant endosperm and angiosperms, FTP identify this phenomenon in which cells possess more than two haploid sets of chromosomes.
Answer: polyploidy (accept "tetraploidy" until "complex")
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In a recent memoir subtitled "memoirs of a disgruntled keybasher," Maria Pierrakos describes her experience transcribing the lectures of this man. His essay "The Direction of the Treatment" includes a reading of The Merchant of Venice that links Shylock's demand for a "pound of flesh" to his concept of the "object small a." His 1953 "Rome Discourse" was critical of the followers of Anna Freud, and his twenty-first seminar, "The Name of the Father," showed the influence of Saussurean linguistics. One of his most famous works drew from Freud's concept of narcissistic identification to describe the infant's acquisition of the Symbolic function. That work, "The Mirror Stage as Formative of the I," was included in his Ecrits. FTP identify this French psychoanalyst.
Answer: Jacques Lacan
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The arrests of Rufus McIntire and of Ebenezer Greeley "while performing his duty" were precipitating actions in this conflict. Tensions ran high as Fairfield mobilized militia and Sir John Harvey threatened to build fortifications on the Fish and Madawaska Rivers. Harvey and Winfield Scott arranged a truce about occupation of the upper St. John River valley and the namesake region as a prelude to negotiations that gave part of Minnesota's Mesabi Range to the United States. FTP name this bloodless conflict on the Maine-New Brunswick border whose final boundaries were settled by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty.
Answer: Aroostook War
 
2007 Chicago Open Bonuses by Ragab
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In discussing the title concept, this poem from the collection Transport to Summer states that "It Must Be Abstract," "It Must Change," and "It Must Give Pleasure." FTPE:,
[10] The figure of the "major man" is introduced in this poem, whose title goal is identified with poetry in its author's later poem, "A High-Toned Old Christian Woman."
Answer: "Notes Towards a Supreme Fiction"
[10] This poet wrote "Notes Towards a Supreme Fiction" and "A High-Toned Old Christian Woman," as well as "Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird" and "The Emperor of Ice Cream."
Answer: Wallace Stevens
[10] "A High-Toned Old Christian Woman," "Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird" and "The Emperor of Ice Cream" all appear in this first Stevens collection.
Answer: Harmonium
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Name these things about a 19th century U.S. election FTPE.,
[10] This presidential election featured the delivery of a speech advocating bimetallism at the Democratic nominating convention in Chicago and the rejection of the pro-business wing of the Democratic party.
Answer: Election of 1896
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[10] This Republican campaign manager from Ohio raised unprecedented amounts of money for McKinley's campaign. As a reward, he was given the Senate seat vacated by John Sherman in 18,
[10] This anti-Semite, anti-Catholic, isolationist Georgia Congressman was William Jennings Bryan's running mate in the Populist party, while Arthur Sewall was the Democratic vice presidential candidate. This man would run as the Populist Party's presidential candidate in 1904 and 1908.
Answer:
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He introduced the concept of stimulated emission. FTPE:,
[10] Name this physicist who developed the modern concept of the photon and used Planck's quantum hypothesis in a paper explaining the photoelectric effect.
Answer: Albert Einstein
[10] The "bridge" named for this man and Einstein is a wormhole connecting black and white holes. He was also one of two coauthors with Einstein on the paper "Can Quantum-Mechanical Description of Physical Reality Be Considered Complete?"
Answer: Nathan Rosen
[10] This man's 1964 paper "On the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox" demonstrated that quantum mechanics is incompatible with any local hidden variable theory and introduced his namesake inequality.
Answer: John Stewart Bell
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This daughter of Theia and Hyperion was married to Astraeus, by whom she was the mother of the North, West and South Winds. FTPE:,
[10] Name this sister of Helius who had affairs with Cephalus and Ganymede.
Answer: Eos
[10] Eos also had an affair with this brother of Ganymede. Zeus granted her request of immortality for this man, but she forgot to ask for eternal youth, and he eventually turned into a grasshopper.
Answer: Tithonus
[10] This son of Eos and Tithonus brought an army to help defend Troy. Achilles killed him after he killed Nestor's son Antilochus, but Eos started crying and Zeus granted him immortality.
Answer: Memnon
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She succeeded her father, William X, in ruling substantial lands that included Poitou and Gascony. FTPE:,
[10] Name this queen whose first husband was Louis VII of France.
Answer: Eleanor of Aquitaine
[10] When Richard I released Eleanor from her 15 years' imprisonment, he sent this great Knight-Errant, known as the "Flower of Chivalry" and "Right Hand of Kings," to free her. In later life he was regent for Henry III.
Answer: William the Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke
[10] During King John's conflict with Philip Augustus, Eleanor supported John over this grandson. This Duke of Brittany was the designated heir of Richard I, son of Eleanor's deceased son Geoffrey.
Answer: Arthur I
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Answer these questions about British moral philosophy for 10 points each.,
[10] The idea of the "moral sense" was an innovation of this nobleman and student of John Locke, whose greatest work was Characteristics of Men, Manners, Opinions, Times.
Answer: the third Earl of Shaftesbury or Anthony Ashley Cooper
[10] The Earl of Shaftesbury's views conflicted with those of this earlier group of philosophers, whose members included Ralph Cudworth and Henry More. They are named for the school at which they taught.
Answer: Cambridge Platonists
[10] One of the greatest works of eighteenth century moral thought was the Theory of Moral Sentiments, a work by this professor at Glasgow University.
Answer: Adam Smith
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Answer the following questions about the addition of bromine and other functional groups to organic compounds FTPE.,
[10] In the absence of free radicals, addition of hydrogen and bromine across a double bond results in the addition of bromine to the less substituted carbon in the bond, in accordance with this eponymous rule.
Answer: Markovnikov's rule
[10] In this reaction, the diazonium salt of a benzene ring reacts with bromine in the presence of copper(I) to give the brominated product.
Answer: Sandmeyer reaction
[10] In a variant of the Sandmeyer reaction, this functional group is added to a benzene ring by the reaction of a diazonium salt in the presence of copper(I). This functional group contains a triple bond and can be produced from the dehydration of a primary amide.
Answer: cyanide or nitrile
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Their third album, Rocket to Russia, featured such memorable songs as "We're a Happy Family" and "Rockaway Beach." For ten points each:,
[10] Name this band, also known for minimalist gems like "Teenage Lobotomy" and "Blitzkrieg Bop."
Answer: the Ramones
[10] The Ramones' fifth album, Road to Ruin, was produced by this noted weirdo, who also produced records for the Ronettes and the Righteous Brothers. He is currently being tried for the murder of B-movie actress Lana Clarkson.
Answer: Phil Spector
[10] One of the Ramones' later triumphs was a song entitled "My Brain is Hanging Upside Down," which was written in reaction to Ronald Reagan's visit to a cemetery in this German town.
Answer: Bitburg
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The author of this poem claims that there are two kinds of Strife, or Eris: one that fosters evil war and battle, and one that stirs up even the shiftless to toil. FTPE:,
[10] Name this poem whose author disparages the current race of iron after describing the Five Ages of Man.
Answer: Works and Days or Opera et Dies (if someone answers in Greekā€¦tell them to stop)
[10] This Boeotian poet wrote Works and Days, as well as Theogony.
Answer: Hesiod
[10] Much of Works and Days consists of a harangue leveled at this possibly-fictitious brother. He supposedly stole much of Hesiod's inheritance through unjust lawsuits.
Answer: Perses
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Though he backed the corrupt Plutarco Calles early in his career, this man had Calles and his supporters deported to the US after becoming president of Mexico. FTPE:,
[10] Name this reformist Mexican president who was elected in 1934.
Answer: Lazaro Cardenas del Rio
[10] In order to curry support from labor unions as well as counter accusations that he was a stalinista, Cardenas welcomed this exile, arranging a train from the port city of Tampico to meet him.
Answer: Leon Trotsky
[10] In siding with striking oil-workers in 1938, Cardenas expropriated foreign oil interests in Mexico, founding this nationalized state-owned oil company.
Answer: PEMEX or Petroleos Mexicanos
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For a subspace of Euclidean space, the Heine-Borel theorem states that this property is equivalent to being closed and bounded. FTPE:,
[10] Name this property of a topological space such that any open cover of the space has a finite subcover.
Answer: compactness
[10] A space satisfies this man's namesake condition, sometimes called the T2 separation axiom, if any two distinct points in the space have disjoint neighborhoods. His namesake fractal dimension equals natural log 2 over natural log 3 for the Cantor set.
Answer: Felix Hausdorff
[10] This man and Cech found a namesake compactification with nice properties for bounded continuous maps to compact, Hausdorff spaces. This son of a Chief Justice also extended Weierstrass's theorem on uniform approximation of continuous functions by polynomials.
Answer: Marshall Harvey Stone
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Identify these historic places in the Ganges Valley, FTPE.,
[10] This city, now the capital of Bihar state, was capital of both the Maurya and the Gupta Empires.
Answer: Pataliputra or Patna
[10] Capital of the Kingdom of Kosala, this city, the legendary birthplace of Rama, gave its name to many cities in Southeast Asia. The Barbri Mosque, torn down in 1992, was built here in the 16th century.
Answer: Ayodhya
[10] As a province of the Mughal Empire, its capital was Lucknow. Later ruled by a Nawab, its seizure by the British under the Doctrine of Lapse was one of the contributing factors to the Sepoy Mutiny.
Answer: Awadh or Oudh
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Identify the following Ibsen plays from description, for ten points each:,
[10] Named for its protagonist, an idealistic priest who falls in love with the girl Agnes, it ends with a return to the "ice castle" and an avalanche that buries the whole valley where the play is set.
Answer: Brand
[10] This cheerful play ends with Helena Alving trying to decide whether to kill her own son after she discovers that he has syphilis and has fallen in love with his half-sister.
Answer: Ghosts
[10] This work, which focuses on the disintegration of the Ekdal family, is named for Hedvig's crippled pet bird.
Answer: The Wild Duck
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Name these Pop Artists from description FTPE.,
[10] This Swedish Sculptor created massive, often interactive works of everyday objects, including Knife Ship and Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks, which alternated between hard and soft versions.
Answer: Claes Oldenburg
[10] This American artist and owner of "The Pop Shop" worked in New York doing chalk drawings; his Radiant Baby became emblematic of his work and featured his characteristic "lines of power."
Answer: Keith Haring
[10] Besides doing the cover design for the Beatles' White Album, this man and John McHale produced the 1956 collage Just What is It that Makes Today's Home So Different, So Appealing, considered by some to be the first work of Pop Art.
Answer: Richard Hamilton
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It takes 6 days of nonstop sex with a temple prostitute to civilize this hairy dude after he is created by Aruru. FTPE:,
[10] Name this badass who travels to Uruk and wrestles with Gilgamesh, then joins Gilgamesh on a series of possibly-erotic adventures.
Answer: Enkidu
[10] This temple prostitute civilizes Enkidu, costing him the friendship of the wild beasts, then convinces him to go to Uruk. Enkidu curses her on his deathbed, but Shamash convinces him to retract the curse.
Answer: Shamhat
[10] This creature is often identified with Ereshkigal's first husband, Gugalana. Ishtar goads Anu into sending it against the heroes; Enkidu grasps it by the horns, then the tail, and Gilgamesh kills it, but Enkidu falls deathly ill soon after.
Answer: the Bull of Heaven
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Answer the following about electrical conduction in the heart FTPE.,
[10] The electrical signal for cardiac muscle contraction originates in this primary pacemaker of the heart.
Answer: sinoatrial node
[10] Cells in the SA node depolarize slowly because their membranes lack channels that allow for the fast passage of this ion. Class I antiarrhythmic drugs such as quinidine and lidocaine act on channels for this cation.
Answer: sodium or Na+
[10] This wave on an electrocardiogram represents conduction of electrical signal away from the SA node and depolarization of the atria.
Answer: P wave
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This man imagined a namesake auction in which the market-clearing price is reached through a process of tatonnement, or groping. FTPE:,
[10] Name this economist who developed the marginal utility theory of value independently of Jevons and Menger.
Answer: Leon Walras
[10] This successor of Walras at Lausanne introduced a namesake efficiency criterion based on whether any agent can improve its position without harming any other agent.
Answer: Vilfredo Pareto
[10] This result proved by Arrow and Debreu states that any Walrasian equilibrium is Pareto-efficient.
Answer: first fundamental theorem of welfare economics or first fundamental welfare theorem
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Cuban works of literature from a brief description, for ten points each:,
[10] Set against the backdrop of Batista's last days and named for a Spanish tongue twister, this verbally extravagant novel tracing the lives of various characters is Guillermo Cabrera Infante's best known.
Answer: Three Trapped Tigers or Tres Tristes Tigres
[10] In this essay Jose Marti declares that in the title location "there is no racial hatred, because there are no races," and implores the former sons of carpenters to cast off the yoke of Europe.
Answer: "Our America" or "Nuestra America"
[10] Perhaps best known for its preface, this Alejo Carpentier novel set during the Haitian Revolution is commonly cited as the first work of Magical Realism.
Answer: The Kingdom of this World or El Reino de Este Mundo

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