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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Chicago Open Tossups by Peterson
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This painting was the inspiration for Frank Budgen's analysis of Joyce's "Nausicaa" episode, and was the fourth in a series also containing "Chelsea" and "Old Battersea Bridge." It depicts the Cremorne Gardens, but its artist chose not to title it "View of Cremorne" because he said that title would cause "disappointment on the part of the beholders." The only human in the painting is a small girl at the bottom, sitting on the shore with her back to the viewer. It was first exhibited at the Grosvenor Gallery along with the work of Edward-Burne Jones, and after it was described as "flinging a pot of paint in the public's face," its artist sued the critic John Ruskin. FTP, name this 1872 American Impressionist work, a James Whistler painting depicting fireworks and subtitled "The Falling Rocket."
Answer: Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket
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Thucydides relates that this city was the site of a bloody civil war when Peithias was brought to trial by some released prisoners, leading to strife between the commons and oligarchs. It was once offered as a dowry with Lanassa, the daughter of Agathocles, and thus it briefly became part of the empire of Epirus, though she later remarried giving it to Demetrius Poliocertes. It sent a man named Phalius to found its colony Epidamnus, which represents the modern city of Durres, and that colony later appealed to it for help. In violation of the Thirty Years Peace, it secured an alliance with Athens, an act which allowed the Athenians to obtain its large navy on the eve of the Peloponnesian War. FTP, name this colony of Corinth which fought against its mother state.
Answer: Corcyra (or Corfu)
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The infantile form of this disease, which can be caused by a mutation in the GM2 activator protein, is most often caused by a four-base-pair insertion, while a rare adult-onset form can result from being a heterozygote with two mutant alleles. It is normally caused by mutations of the HEXA gene on chromosome 15, which leads to low serum levels of hexos-aminidase A.It can be diagnosed by a characteristic "cherry-red" spot on the retina due to the inability to hydrolyze certain compounds consisting of sialic acid and glyco-sphingolipids, known as gangliosides, which then build up in the lysosomes. FTP, name this recessive disease found most commonly in the French Canadian, Cajun, and Ashkenazi Jew populations.
Answer: Tay-Sachs disease [accept GM2 gangliosidosis and award the answer a hard-earned dollar]
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This is initially described as a place where one might be able to touch the "flesh of the sun's flesh," and on the way here, one character mistakes a stump for a snake. Upon seeing this site, another character arrives at the realization that "Everything exists, nothing has value." Time spent here triggers a comment to Miss Derek which is overheard by a servant serving vermouths. One character was delayed in his journey here because he miscalculates the time necessary to say his prayers and misses a train - that man is Professor Godbole, who is late along with Cecil Fielding. Described as identical circular chambers twenty feet in diameter with polished sides which absorb all sound, Adela Quested is notably not raped by Dr. Aziz while she is here. FTP, name these structures in E.M. Forster's A Passage to India.
Answer: Marabar caves or hills
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A French version of this song was composed by Joe Dassin, and it was covered by Joshua James as the last track on his 1999 album Tanked Up and Derailed. Perhaps inspired by the Dayton County prosecutor in the Scopes Monkey Trial, the fourth stanza of this work establishes the setting as "Gatlinburg in mid-July." The narrator remarks "I've fought tougher men, but I really can't remember when," as the man in question "kicked like a mule and bit like a crocodile." A sequel to this song from the opposite point of view was later composed by its writer Shel Silverstein. Originally performed live at San Quentin State Prison, FTP, name this song by Johnny Cash about the plight of a young lad with an unfortunate moniker.
Answer: "A Boy Named Sue"
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A version of this belief gained popularity in Gaul until the Second Council of Orange declared against it, rejecting the beliefs of John Cassian. One of its leaders, Julian of Eclanum, took refuge with Theodore of Mopsuestia after he who refused to sign a document which excommunicated some of its formulators. He later met another of its leaders, a Roman lawyer named Celestius, whose six theses were found heretical by Paulinus of Milan. Its main leader was likely born in Britain, as evidenced by his cognomen, and wrote a commentary on the epistles of St. Paul; he argued that men possessed sufficient will to distinguish between good and evil without divine assistance. FTP, name this heresy which held that Adam's actions had no lasting impact on the human race, a rebuttal of the idea of Original Sin.
Answer: Pelagianism
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This organization's achievements include securing passage of the Jacksonville Agreement, though it was repudiated after only three years. Its first president John Rae served only one year; a much later president Tony Boyle became infamous for conspiring to murder the leader of a rival faction Jock Yablonski, after which he was imprisoned and replaced with Arnold Miller. Another key leader of this group was Bill Blizzard, who was involved in the Battle of Blair Mountain, a part of the so-called Redneck War waged by members of this group, which was also responsible for the Bloody Harlan County protests. Its two long-term presidents were John Mitchell and the man who later helped found the CIO, John L. Lewis; it has worked to obtain recompense for victims of black lung disease. FTP, name this labor group which organized coal miners.
Answer: United Mine Workers of America (or UMWA)
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One possible variant of this involves polystyrene foam filling the hohlraum, and transitioning into plasma to compress the spark plug. Another theory involves ablation of the tamper-pusher, whose recoil could compress the secondary with sufficient force. Either way, it is agreed that the outer casing temporarily traps energy released by the primary, a boosted fission weapon, whose radiation pressure somehow triggers the plutonium spark plug to fission, setting off the lithium deuteride secondary. First publicly revealed in a 1979 issue of The Progressive, FTP, name this thermonuclear weapon design named after a Hungarian physicist and Polish mathematician.
Answer: Teller-Ulam design (prompt on hydrogen bomb design or equivalents)
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The author describes a "little fly drunk at the urinal of a country inn, in love with rotting weeds, a ray of light dissolves him!" in one section of this work, after declaring "I invented the color of the vowels!-A black, E white, I red, O blue, U green." That part contains pieces labeled "A Song from the Highest Tower" and "Hunger." It opens with the poet declaring "my life was a banquet where every heart revealed itself, where every wine flowed," in the section often titled for its opening line "Once, if my memory serves me well." The section "Lightning" opens by exclaiming "Human Labor!," while "The Alchemy of the Word" is the subtitle of "Delirium II," in which the author's lover confesses, after he describes his entrance into the title place. FTP, name this long poem published after its author was shot by Paul Verlaine, the symbolist masterpiece of Arthur Rimbaud.
Answer: A Season in Hell (or Une Saison en Enfer)
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Minor characters in this opera include the dyer Guccio and the cobbler Pinellino, who weeps upon being greeted. A key deception involves the best mule in Tuscany, which costs 300 florins. It opens with the son of Gherardo and Nella expressing his desire to play marbles and a rumor attracts the attention of the old woman Zita, who searches for some silver scissors. At the end, the title character declares "if you have been amused, grant me extenuating circumstances!" after he has sung the aria "Ah, che zucconi" in protest of what he has been asked to do. Based on a passage of the Divine Comedy concerned with the inheritance of Buoso Donati, the desire to buy a ring to declare love for Rinuccio is sung about by Lauretta in the famous aria "O mio babbino caro." FTP, name this one-act opera by Giacomo Puccini.
Answer: Gianni Schicchi (SKee-kee)
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In the Pyramid Texts, this figure is described as the "raging one" who "takes women from their husbands whenever he wishes according to his desire." He was attested to be the "Lord of Bakhu," in reference to a mythological mountain on the horizon where he had a temple made of carnelian. His main cult centers were at ancient Shedet and Kom Ombo, where he had Hathor as a consort and formed a triad with his son Khonsu. Usually described as a son of Neith, he was popular during the Twelfth Dynasty, as reflected in the name of the final ruling queen of that dynasty. Sometimes existing in a hyphenated form with Re, he was closely tied to Horus and his sons, and was known as the lord of the Fayum. FTP, name this green god whose name simply means crocodile.
Answer: Sobek (or Sebek, Sebeq, Sobk, Suchos, Petsuchos)
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This entity was the site of the Sergeants Affair, which saw the abduction and hanging of Clifford Martin and Mervyn Paice. Walter Shaw was sent to investigate riots here, which were addressed by the Hope-Simpson Report adopted in the text of the Passfield White Paper. The King-Crane Commission originally suggested that the United States be given control over it, while the St. James Conference rejected the plan for its division set forth by the Peel Commission. Conflict over its validity stemmed from the Husayn-Mcmahon Correspondence, declared at the San Remo Conference, which seemed to say that its area should be independent. FTP, name this entity which expired in 1948 and was divided between Jordan and Israel, with no creation of an Arab homeland.
Answer: The (British) Mandate for Palestine (Do NOT accept "Mandate for Israel")
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A harmonic dynamic describing these entities was first solved by Jack Wisdom in 1981, fleshing out their namesake's original explanation in the 1860s. It is predicted that the Yarkovsky effect could cause bodies to leak into these, which would then be sent into high-eccentricity orbits, possibly entering the inner solar system. The Alinda and Griqua groups are located in them, at the 3 to 1 and 2 to 1 ratios, respectively. They are also located at 5 to 2, 7 to 3, and 4 to 1 ratios, corresponding to orbital resonances with Jupiter. FTP, identify these sparsely-populated regions of the Asteroid Belt.
Answer: Kirkwood gaps
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One character in this play takes a lover known as her Thursday Man, since he visits her every Thursday.Another character rejects the name "Shango," despite the argument that "no ones gonna hire you if they cant say yr name," and says he prefers masturbation because he can't afford a sexual relationship. He does attempt to woo Grace, who attends cosmetology school, but he later kills her and sleeps with Cookie, the estranged wife of the other character. Sharing elements with its author's previous work The America Play, one character practices his three-card monte act and gains an edge when he changes his winning card to the deuce of spades, while the other is repeatedly assassinated with a cap gun. FTP, name this play by Suzan-Lori Parks which won the Pulitzer in 2002, in which the black brothers Lincoln and Booth are the title characters.
Answer: Topdog/Underdog
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One figure by this name is succeeded by his son Draco after he comes to marry the young maiden Orberosia, who concocts a clever plan to make him the richest and most powerful of the Penguins by securing tribute in Anatole France's Penguin Island. A novel titled after this figure follows radio journalists Mike and Phyllis Watson as they report upon an alien invasion initiated by fireballs from the sky - that 1953 novel by John Wyndham refers to this figure waking. A poem about this figure describes his "ancient, dreamless, uninvaded sleep" and ends by declaring "then once by man and angels to be seen, in roaring he shall rise and on the surface die." That 15-line sonnet was first published in the Poems, Chiefly Lyrical of 18 FTP, name this creature written about by Tennyson, a fiend of the water and a legendary Norwegian sea monster.
Answer: Kraken
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An eyewitness account of this battle was written by militiaman Benjamin Sharp. The losing commander sent a message to the opposition saying that he would "hang their leaders, and lay their country waste with fire and sword." That message was received by Isaac Shelby and he began a march which was joined by the 350 men of Joseph Winston and Benjamin Cleveland; they decided to place William Campbell in command until a superior officer arrived on their way to Gilbert Town. The disorderly nature of their command order has led this contest to be known as the Battle of the Colonels, as it witnessed a ragtag band of Appalachian men dominate loyalist forces under Patrick Ferguson. FTP, name this 1780 battle named for a peak near the North Carolina-South Carolina border.
Answer: Battle of Kings Mountain (accept Battle of the Colonels before mentioned)
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The second part of this work is on history and is broken into sections like "The Nomads" and "Early Tillers of the Soil," where the author argues that agriculture provided self-awareness and control over nature. "The Narcissist" and "The Mystic" are among the "Justifications" discussed in part six; such personas represent ways of escaping responsibility and submerging one's freedom into an object. Published two years after its author's treatise The Ethics of Ambiguity, the first book in this two-book work considers its subject by looking at five specific authors and the point of view of biology, psychoanalysis, and historical materialism - the goal is to expose "Facts and Myths" about how a certain group has come to be defined as "the Other." FTP, name this 1949 book by Simone de Beauvoir, in which she argues that women have been relegated to the title inferior status.
Answer: The Second Sex (or Le Deuxieme Sexe)
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This kind of molecule is detected by the CIDNP effect in NMR spectroscopy, and examples of them include the nitroso component of Fremy's salt and TEMPO.They take part in reactions like NMP, ATRP, and RAFT, or reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer.One of these based on naphthalene shows up as five quintets in ESR spectroscopy, which is especially suited to their study.The most prominent biological one is counteracted by its namesake dismutase, superoxide, and the anti-Markovnikov addition of HBr to an alkene can occur via one of these.Other reactions involving them tend to consist of initiation, propagation, and termination. FTP, name these highly reactive molecules characterized by an unpaired electron in their outer shell.
Answer: free radicals
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In this work, the author quotes George Stigler in saying that "in a regime of ignorance Enrico Fermi would have been a gardener" and he states that those who excel in inner city schools benefit the whole group, in a section on the employment of minorities. The author cites a Kenneth Arrow paper dealing with moral hazard to raise the example of the elderly buying health insurance, saying that as health insurance rises, the medical health of those insured deteriorates. This work goes on to talk about the costs of dishonesty and illustrates information asymmetry by citing those who mix rice with stones at the local bazaar. Subtitled "Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism," FTP, name this 1970 paper in which the used car industry is an example of the title phenomenon, written by George Akerlof.
Answer: "A Market for Lemons"
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The works of this writer include a comedy modeled after Peer Gynt, Michel Michael, and a pantomime entitled Lucifer. A close friend or the writer Detlev von Liliencron, who heavily influenced his naturalism, his verse collections include The Transformations of Venus and Beautiful, Wild World, which shows his devotion to Nietzsche. Some fantasies on poems by him were composed by Alexander von Zemlinsky, but it was his volume Woman and World that produced his most famous work. That work begins as two figures pass through a bare cold grove accompanied by the moon. The female declares "I am carrying a child and not yours," but she is forgiven and the two walk off together. FTP, name this German poet who inspired many composers, including Arnold Schoenberg in his "Transfigured Night."
Answer: Richard Dehmel
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Of one-dimensional complex manifolds, it is the only elliptic one, as it has curvature -1 ["Minus one"].A rotation of it is a Mobius transformation.Inversion of the complex plane in the unit circle induces a reflection of it in its equatorial plane.It can be represented as a stereographic projection of the extended complex plane plus infinity, where infinity corresponds with its north pole. For ten points, name this mathematical construct, the simplest form of the surfaces named for the German mathematician who studied them.
Answer: Riemann Sphere
2008 Chicago Open Bonuses by Peterson
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Done in collaboration with Harvey Carr, this experiment set out to demonstrate that rats acquired a chain of discrete responses controlled by kinesthetic feedback. FTPE:,
[10] Name this experiment in which rats were placed in a shorter corridor of a maze than they were used to, and as a result, ran headfirst into the end wall.
Answer: "Kerplunk" Experiment
[10] This experiment of similar ethical dubiousness by John Watson demonstrated classical conditioning in humans by making an infant afraid of things like short-haired dogs, a fake Santa Claus beard, and a white rat.
Answer: Little Albert Experiment
[10] Watson conducted the Little Albert Experiment with this student of his and was later forced to resign from Johns Hopkins University as a result of their affair, though he later married her.
Answer: Rosalie Rayner
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Its design was inspired by the idea of the praying mantis in human form, and two preparatory sketches for it explicitly separated the ideas of Eros and Thanatos. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this bronze sculpture at MOMA that vaguely resembles a lobster with its only moving part pinned in place, and which represents erotic assault.
Answer: Woman With Her Throat Cut (accept "Femme egorgee" or different reasonable translations)
[10] This Swiss surrealist sculptor of Walking Man and a needle-thin, skeletal Cat created Woman With Her Throat Cut.
Answer: Alberto Giacometti
[10] One of Giacometti's closest friends was this Polish-French figurative painter of shockingly erotic works like Guitar Lesson, which depicts a pre-pubescent girl mutually fondling her music teacher, and La Chambre. He was mentored by Rilke and must be awesome because, once again, he's known by one name, like Prince.
Answer: Balthus (accept "Balthasar Klossowski de Rola")
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This title character draws criticism for using his wife Lucrezia as a model for all his paintings, and even despite his devotion, she still wishes to leave him for her "Cousin."FTPE:,
[10] Name this poem by Robert Browning about a "faultless painter."
Answer: "Andrea del Sarto"
[10] In this poem, Christina Rossetti writes about her brother Dante Gabriel's similar issue of a repetitive model, saying that "One face looks out from all his canvases, one selfsame figure sits or walks or leans."
Answer: "In an Artist's Studio"
[10] Dante Gabriel Rossetti's unnatural devotion was to this woman, his first wife, and he used her as the model for his Beata Beatrix and dozens of other paintings.She also served as the model for John Everett Millais' Ophelia.
Answer: Elizabeth Eleanor Siddall
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Name these Supreme Court cases on obscenity, FTPE.,
[10] The majority opinion by Brennan in this 1957 case, decided along with Alberts v. California, defined obscenity as material whose "dominant theme appeals to the prurient interest," and that such material was not protected by the First Amendment
Answer: Roth v. U.S.
[10] In this case, the Supreme Court built off of Roth and created a three-pronged test for obscenity, one part of which asks whether "the work, taken as a whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value."
Answer: Miller v. California
[10] In this 1968 case, the Supreme Court upheld a New York statute that adjusted the definition of obscenity when applied to minors, in the process upholding the conviction of a man selling "girlie magazines" to a 16-year old at a stationery store.
Answer: Ginsberg v. New York
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Identify the following concepts from string theory for ten points each:,
[10] Moving strings trace out this type of two-dimensional manifold: this resembles a pipe for closed strings and a strip for open strings.
Answer: worldsheet
[10] One major problem with bosonic string theory is that it requires this type of particle with imaginary mass.
Answer: tachyon
[10] This type of manifold is used to depict the extra dimensions of spacetime required in string theory.Theorized by American and Chinese scientists, it can be defined as a complex oriented Kahler manifold.
Answer: Calabi-Yau manifold
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Answer stuff about recent reality TV shows which were apparently conceived by Ray Luo's random question generator, FTPE.,
[10] If you've ever gone to the circus and thought all it needed was some D-list celebrities, you probably can't get enough of NBC's Celebrity Circus. Even better, it's hosted by this former member of `N Sync, fresh off his gig as the host of The Spelling Bee and his appearance on Dancing with the Stars.
Answer: Joey Fatone
[10] The latke-eating contest would have been way better had we put the contestants in a big spinning contraption and given a prize to the one who vomited last. At least, that's the premise of Hurl, a show hyped as "a new direction in competitive eating" by this cable network, whose other shows include Ninja Warrior and Code Monkeys.
Answer: G4 TV
[10] If you'd rather vomit yourself, why not try this show on the CW, in which ten girls from the city vie for the affection of the title country bumpkin, some douchebag named Matt Neustadt.
Answer: Farmer Wants a Wife
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Name these Argonauts, FTPE.,
[10] This only female Argonaut got a husband by losing a footrace and participated in the Caledonian Boar hunt.
Answer: Atalanta
[10] This guy was a crafty thief and talented wrestler who stole the mares of Eurytus on the trip. He also stole the helmet that would eventually belong to his grandson Odysseus.
Answer: Autolycus
[10] This Dryopian became Heracles faithful companion despite Heracles killing his father. They both got left behind after this guy was kidnapped by a nymph.
Answer: Hylas
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A pair of half-brothers named Morris and Zachariah live in a shack in the colored section of Port Elizabeth.FTPE:,
[10] Name this play by Athol Fugard, which deals with Morris's ability to pass as white.
Answer: Blood Knot
[10] In another work by Fugard, this title character gets his photo taken in the studio of Styles and stays with Buntu, passing himself off as Robert Zwelinzima, but his dead body is discovered outside of a bar in New Brighton.
Answer: Sizwe Bansi (either name is fine, I suppose)
[10] In this work, a widow named Miss Helen meets a teacher named Elsa. Fugard originated the role of Marius Byleveld, a pastor who loves Miss Helen but dislikes her collection of eastward-facing sculptures.
Answer: The Road to Mecca
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He began civilized time with the invention of the clock and divided it into eotechnic, paleotechnic and neotechnic periods. FTPE:,
[10] Name this author of Technics and Civilization and The Culture of Cities.
Answer: Lewis Mumford
[10] This Mumford work subtitled "Its Origins, Its Transformations, and Its Prospects" is a comprehensive discussion of the development of urban life in chapters like "Emergence of the Polis" and "Suburbia and Beyond."
Answer: The City in History
[10] This early Mumford work references the work of Plato, Thomas More, Francis Bacon, and Edward Bellamy to examine the feasibility of the title construct and tie it into modern urban planning.
Answer: The Story of Utopias
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Name these assorted religious festivals, FTPE.,
[10] This Hindu "Festival of Colors" celebrates the burning of Prahlad's sister and involves the throwing of colored powder and water beginning on Dhulhendi.
Answer: Holi (or Phagwa or Dolyatra)
[10] This pagan Celtic festival on November 1st celebrated with bonfires takes a name meaning "Summer's End," and was considered a time when dead walked among the living. The Battle of Magh Tuireadh was said to have taken place on this day.
Answer: Samhain [Sow-en] (be lenient with pronunciation but do NOT accept Hallowe'en)
[10] This Sikh festival celebrated in Punjab marks the beginning of the new solar year and commemorates the creation of the order of the Khalsa in 1699 by Guru Gobind.
Answer: Vaisakhi or Baisakhi
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It usually results from migration of a proton and a double bond. FTPE:,
[10] Name this chemical process that allows the interconversion of two structural isomers, most notably occurring with ketones and enols.
Answer: tautomerization [accept word variants]
[10] Enamines can undergo tautomerization, turning into this analog of ketones with a nitrogen atom double-bonded to a carbon atom. Specific stable ones are known as Schiff bases.
Answer: imines
[10] These molecules, defined as cyclic amides, can tautomerize to the very similar sounding term for cyclic carboximidic acids.The beta type of these molecules is found in many antibiotics like penicillin.
Answer: lactam
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Answer the following about Ella Amida, FTPE.,
[10] He served as the first king of this empire until his succession by his son Ezana. This empire, centered in modern Ethiopia, was replaced in the 12th century by the Zagwe dynasty.
Answer: Axum (or Axumite Empire, etc.)
[10] This first Bishop of Axum was received by Ella Amida and introduced Christianity to Abyssinia along with his brother Edesius in the early 4th century; he was referred to as Abuna and baptized Ezana.
Answer: Frumentius
[10] Ella Amida invaded and sacked this ancient center of the Kush kingdom, which had succeeded the previous capital Napata after the invasion of Psamtik II. A later ruler of this city Queen Candace supposedly met Alexander the Great on an elephant.
Answer: Meroe
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This city was home to a group of tenebrist painters like Gerrit van Honthorst around the 1620s, who emphasized genre scenes and employed heavy chiaroscuro. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Dutch city, the site of an artistic school of Caravaggists.
Answer: Utrecht
[10] Arguably the most famous painter of the Utrecht school was this artist of Flute Player and Bacchante with an Ape, whose work Rubens praised as "above that of all the other Utrecht artists." He also painted another Calling of St. Matthew.
Answer: Hendrick Jansz Terbrugghen
[10] The final main artist of the Utretcht caravaggisti was this creator of Prometheus Being Chained by Vulcan who may be best known for his canvas The Procuress, which was later included in Jan Vermeer's painting.
Answer: Theodor Dirck van Baburen
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It was most likely written under the supervision of Jean Rousset de Missy and one of its chapters lists "Reasons Which Have Led Men to Imagine an Invisible Being Which Is Commonly Called God." FTPE:,
[10] Name this commonly circulated Enlightenment pamphlet which claimed Moses, Jesus, and Mohamed were the title figures.
Answer: Treatise of the Three Imposters [or De Tribus Impostoribus]
[10] This author of "Micromegas" wrote an epistle in response to the Three Imposters in which he stated that if God hadn't existed, it would be necessary to invent him.
Answer: Voltaire [or Francois Marie Arouet]
[10] On this contrary, this thinker claimed that if God actually existed, it would be necessary to abolish him in his "On God and the State," and he also authored Statism and Anarchy.
Answer: Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin
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Name these Vladimir Nabokov characters, FTPE.,
[10] This professor who comes to teach Russian at Waindell College has a number of adventures including getting on the wrong train when traveling to address the Cremona Women's Club and bringing the wrong lecture.
Answer: Timofey Pavlovich Pnin
[10] This character invents an alternate reality when he is imprisoned and sentenced to death for gnostical turpitude in Invitation to a Beheading.
Answer: Cincinnatus C.
[10] While traveling to study in Cambridge, this main character of Nabokov's novel Glory falls in love with Sonia Zilanov and talks with her about the imaginary land of Zoorland, but she doesn't care about him and ends up as the lover of Bubnov.
Answer: Martin Edelweiss (either name)
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It was proposed in a 1935 paper titled, "Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?" FTPE:,
[10] Identify this thought experiment which concludes that, if quantum mechanics is complete, measuring part of a quantum system has non-local effects on the rest of the system.
Answer: EPR paradox (or Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox)
[10] The EPR paradox suggests the existence of local hidden variables in quantum mechanics, but this theorem published in 1964 demonstrates that no local hidden variable theory can account for all quantum mechanical results.
Answer: Bell's theorem (accept Bell inequalities)
[10] This most famous non-local hidden variable theory is based on de Broglie's pilot-wave theory, and states that particles behave deterministically, treating their eventual measurements as a hidden variable.
Answer: Bohm interpretation (accept causal interpretation)
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Answer the following about William Bligh, FTPE.,
[10] Bligh provoked this uprising as governor of New South Wales led by merchant John Macarthur, when he refused to allow a certain item to be used as currency.
Answer: Rum Rebellion
[10] This man, who sailed with Bligh aboard the HMS Reliance, wrote A Voyage to Terra Australis after becoming the first man to circumnavigate Australia.
Answer: Matthew Flinders
[10] Bligh participated in the 1781 battle at this site as part of the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War. This area of the North Sea is better remembered as the namesake of a 1904 incident in which the Russian Baltic Fleet fired upon some British ships, leading to a diplomatic crisis.
Answer: Dogger Bank
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Name these cities which serve as effective world capitals, FTPE.,
[10] This was the capital of Cote d'Ivoire from 1933 to 1983, succeeding Bingerville in that role, and remains by far its largest city, with over three million residents.
Answer: Abidjan
[10] Malaysia designed this city in the mid-'90s south of Kuala Lumpur to house certain governmental functions and make its official capital less crowded. It is named in honor of Tunku Rahman, the first Malaysian Prime Minister.
Answer: Putrajaya
[10] This coastal city, the largest in Tanzania, was the capital of Tanganyika and the site of the Maji Maji Uprising, and still houses many government functions.
Answer: Dar es Salaam
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
They contain a large number of lysine and arginine residues, and the four core ones range from 11 to 15 kilodaltons. FTPE:,
[10] Name these positively-charged proteins that associate with DNA to form condensed nucleosomes.
Answer: histones
[10] The presence of euchromatin is associated with these enzymes, which add on a specific molecule to histone lysine residues to "loosen up" DNA packing near a gene to soon be transcribed.
Answer: HATs [or histone acetyltransferases]
[10] DNA forms nucleosomes around histones with a left-handed toroidal wrapping, thus storing negative amounts of this, which allows the DNA to naturally unwind without the need for eukaryotic gyrases.
Answer: superhelicity [accept supercoils]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Hank Steinbrenner recently drew controversy for suggesting that this rule be adopted in the National League. FTPE:,
[10] Name this rule, which created the position currently played by Jim Thome, Jose Vidro, and Gary Sheffield.
Answer: Designated Hitter (Prompt on DH)
[10] Though adopted by the American League in 1973, a variant of the DH rule was first proposed in the 1929 by this National League president, who was also responsible for the official earned run average statistic.
Answer: John Arnold Heydler
[10] According to this inventor of sabermetrics and author of the Historical Baseball Abstract, the DH increases strategy by forcing managers to choose between telling their player to swing away or bunt.
Answer: George William "Bill" James
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Abel-Ruffini theorem states that their splitting fields cannot always be generated by a series of radical field extensions to the rationals. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this type of equation, which does not have a general solution using radicals.
Answer: Quintic equations (accept fifth-degree polynomials, or equivalent)
[10] The insolvability of the quintic is better expressed nowadays using this theory, whose fundamental theorem states, briefly, that posets of field extensions and subgroups are isomorphic.
Answer: Galois theory
[10] According to Galois theory, the quintic is insolvable because its full Galois group is this type of group on five elements, an insolvable 120-element group corresponding to all the permutations of five objects.
Answer: Symmetric group on five elements (accept S5)

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