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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Chicago Open Tossups by Original Dixieland Jazz Band
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A self-consistent field method to obtain the values predicted by these was developed by Clementi and Raimondi. These statements extended a system developed for by Clarence Zener for second period elements, and they ignored the radial nodes of the wavefunction since the nodes occur much closer to the nucleus compared to the hydrogen atom. The last one of these statements assigns a (*) modified value to the principle quantum number, and that quantity divides the main quantity calculated using these rules. They ignore electrons in outer shells compared to the electron being considered, and they group ns and np orbitals together. In addition, they assign certain d and f electrons a value of one due to their poor penetrating power. For 10 points, name these eponymous rules used to estimate the effective nuclear charge experienced by electrons.
Answer: Slater's rules
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The protagonist of one of this author's works concludes that "The war is temporary. But drawings and chocolate go on forever," while another of this man's characters plays an instrument that works by pulling cats' tails and aspires to appear on the quiz show "Who Am I." Novels by this man include a retelling set in 1940 of the life of King Arthur and a work featuring Bill and six other workers in a Chinese baby food factory who regularly have sex with the title character. An iniquitous critique by one philosopher of another's disparagement of the novel Lucinde is the subject of another work by this man, who spoofed Life Magazine profiles in (*) "Robert Kennedy Saved from Drowning." That story, along with "The Balloon" and "The Indian Uprising," was collected in Unspeakable Practices, Unnatural Acts. A proponent of "dialogue-arias," this is, for 10 points, what author of Snow White whose other short story collections include City Life and Come Back, Dr. Caligari.
Answer: Donald Barthelme
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An attempt at mediation by Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles between the government of the nation in which this event took place and opposition groups like the labor union CNOC and the radical group ABC failed to slow the unrest that led to this event. A bus drivers' strike was an immediate catalyst of this event; that strike caused the communist URC to lose credibility when its collusion with the current president was made public, causing his exile and the installment of Alberto Herrera, the favorite of the US government. Over 1,000 porristas, members of the secret police, were executed in the streets after (*) Gerardo Machado was exiled, leading to Herrera's replacement by Manuel de Cespedes. Beginning at the bases of La Cabana and Camp Columbia, this uprising brought to power a man who would twenty years later lead another coup against Carlos Prio Socarras. For 10 points ? brought on by Cespedes' policy of non-promotion of junior officers, name this 1933 rebellion led by Fulgencio Batista in Cuba.
Answer: Sergeants' Revolt
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A chat between two Chinese people inspired this man's composition Amiable Conversation, and he also composed Concerto for Koto and Orchestra. His two-movement fifteenth symphony was nicknamed Thesis, and his eleventh of twenty symphonies begins by depicting a child's sleep, and was nicknamed Seven Rituals of Music. This man promoted music by his contemporaries in the periodical New Music, coined the term toccanta, and together with Leon Theremin, invented the rhythmicon. He wrote an opera based on the life of Bernardo O'Higgins, and he was inspired by William Walker's collection Southern Harmony to compose eighteen works for various instrumental combinations that are each entitled Hymn and Fuguing Tune. One work by this composer requires an assistant to depress the (*) damper pedal and begins with the performer using a finger, from low to high, to sweep the string of a piano. In another work that represents the sound of ocean waves this composer introduced secondal harmonies, which were created by striking the piano keys with the fist or forearm. For 10 points, name this pioneer of the "prepared piano" who composed The Aeolian Harp and made use of tone clusters in The Tides of Manaunaun.
Answer: Henry Cowell
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In 1997, this team gave a $7 million dollar bonus to 6th overall pick Geoff Goetz, and other top draft picks of that era include Ryan Jaroncyk and Neal Musser. Their top prospect three years running was Alex Escobar and they also signed Cuban defector Alay Soler, while concurrently, their number two prospect was Yusmeiro Petit. Some of their more recent international signees include Jefry Marte and Jenrry Mejia. Another of their past top prospects was known for his inability to (*) hit a home run, Jason Tyner, while they fielded a trio of pitchers with a collective nickname whose members included the career 40-58 pitcher Paul Wilson and flame-out Bill Pulsipher, Generation K. Currently playing 20 year old outfielder Fernando Martinez, this is, for ten points, what organization that also groomed Darryl Strawberry, Dwight Gooden, David Wright and Jose Reyes.
Answer: The New York Mets
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They couple to both quarks and leptons according to the Dine-Fischler-Srednicki-Zhitnitsky model, which is a competitor of the Kim-Shifman-Vainshtein-Zakharov model. A namesake solar telescope at CERN has been used to search for them as a result of their supposed production in stellar interiors via the Primakoff effect. (*) They were proposed in the Peccei-Quinn theory, and in certain string interactions predicted by quantum chromodynamics, these psuedo-Goldstone bosons may explain the lack of violation of CP-symmetry, which is known as the strong-CP problem. For 10 points, name these hypothetical light, pseudoscalar particles and dark matter candidates.
Answer: axions
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The son of the man who lost this battle was lured into a trap by Quintus Poppaedius Silo fifteen years later, and this battle was a follow-up to one where a storm prevented the destruction of the forces of Gnaeus Papirius Carbo at Noreia. One of this battle's survivors was a young Quintus Sertorius, who managed to swim across the Rhone in full armor. Occuring because the proconsul refused to relinquish command to the newly arrived consul, the novus homo Gnaeus Mallius Maximus, this battle was followed up by victories at Sextiae and Vercellae. A defeat for Quintus Servilius (*) Caepio, this battle led directly to the second consular election of Gaius Marius and his following military reforms. For ten points, name this battle fought on October 6, 105 BCE, in which a Roman army of 80,000 was almost completely slaughtered by the Teutones and Cimbri.
Answer: Battle of Arausio
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In one of this man's stories the narrator pays the maid Filli 100 Francs to tell him whether the titular creature has alighted on a vase, while another consists entirely of speculation as to the species of the title bird. In addition to "The Sparrow-Hawk" and Dinard's Butterfly, this author wrote that it "was never a question of my fleeing" in a "letter" addressed from Olivia to Malvolio. The title creature of another poem is described as an "arrow of love on earth" as it crosses the Alps to reach "these shores of ours." That poem, "The Eel," is part of a collection that also contains some poems about "Volpe," The Storm. He calls his wife "the Fly" in a series of elegies upon her death, Xenia, while a more famous collection by this poet features a series of poems to "Clizia." This man's best-known work features poems like "Chrysalis" and "The Wall" and a poem in which "even the poor know?the fragrance" of the titular "Lemon Trees." For 10 points name this Hermeticist Italian poet of Occasions and Cuttlefish Bones.
Answer: Eugenio Montale
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In the Lay of Harbard, Thor claims an action involving this figure was his greatest dead, and gold is called the mouth-number of this figure because he received his inheritance by taking mouthfuls of gold on the death of his father Olvalde. This figure once prevented Hoenir from eating an oxen by preventing the broth from boiling, and after another figure struck this figure with a pole, the pole stuck. This figure's eyes were turned into (*) stars when he was killed after passing through a wall of flame. This figure resided in Thrymheim, and a child of this figure was the one who placed the venomous snake above Loki's face, and that child, after viewing the feet of all the Aesir, married Njord. For 10 points, name this leader of the Jotun who turned into a giant eagle in order to kidnap Idunn, and who was the father of Skadi.
Answer: Thiassi
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According to the Book of Antonio Billi, this work incorporates a portrait of Giovanni di Barduccio Cheruchini. The figure's mantle is clearly too large, in stark contrast to depictions of fabric folds in contemporary works like Nanni di Banco's Four Crowned Saints at Orsanmichele, and the drapery's loop on the left shoulder and lower folds sag forward, appearing to pull the figure into a slight bend from the waist. Current speculation that this work actually depicts Elisha arises partly from evidence regarding a depiction of that prophet on the doors of the facing baptistery and from the story in II Kings in which a (*) feature that prophet shares with this sculpture leads children to mock him, leading God to send a bear to devour them. Vasari is the source of the anecdote that its artist, while sculpting its dramatically open mouth, ordered it to "Speak, damn you! Speak!" Originally occupying a niche on the east campanile of the Florence Cathedral, FTP, name this sculpture supposedly representing the prophet Habbakuk better known for a nickname referring to its baldness.
Answer: Il Zuccone [or Habbakuk before mentioned; or Abbacchuco; prompt on "Pumpkinhead"]
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The Rhesus Cytomegalovirus encodes for a protein which inhibits the translation of their heavy chains, and that protein is simply called "viral inhibitor of heavy chain expression." Beta-2 microglobulin associates with the heavy chains of these proteins. These proteins are the namesake of a loading complex that includes the thiol oxidoreductase chaperone Erp57, which is recruited to these proteins after BiP and calnexin aid in the folding of these proteins. In humans, the three main genes encoding for these are designated HLA-A, HLA-B, and HLA-C, and TAP proteins aid in the processing of these proteins in the (*) ER. These proteins are not found on enucleated cells. The fragments loaded onto these are recognized by cells expressing the CD8 glycoprotein. They feature an important cleft, where objects from the cytosol, such as viral proteins can bind. For 10 points, name these glycoproteins that deliver foreign peptides to the cell surface.
Answer: MHC class I [or major histocompatibility complex class I; prompt on partial; obviously do not accept "class II"]
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Bohm-Bawerk offers that this concept's intensity is proportional to the "roundaboutness" of production process, and in the neo-classical growth model, investment is equal to the rate of depreciation times this value, plus the change in this value. In endogenous growth models such as ones developed by Lucas and Romer, a particular version of this concept is included in the assessment of technological progress as knowledge accumulation. That same type of this concept is particularly affected by the "rest" problem, although no other types are. An eponymous controversy involved a debate between Cambridge professors Robinson and Sraffa and MIT professors Solow and Samuelson, and also involved the "aggregation problem" associated with this concept. Classically defined as one of the three factors of production along with land and labor, for 10 points, name this concept from economics, which also names a seminal multi-volume work by Karl Marx.
Answer: capital
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The eleventh man to hold this office had earlier been challenged to a duel by Jefferson Davis, a fact he used in his campaign to take this office in 1857, though the duel had been called off. The thirteenth man to serve in this position is given credit for recruitment efforts making his state the largest provider of soldiers to Union forces in the Civil War; his son of the same name assumed this position in 1901 for one term. In addition to William Bissell and the two (*) Richard Yates, another man to hold this office led the largest pro-silver contingent at the 1896 Democratic Convention, though he is more famous for his vigorous protests of Richard Olney's decision to use federal troops to crush a labor strike outside his biggest city. For 10 points -- John Peter Altgeld took a lenient stance toward participants in the Haymarket Square Riot while serving in this post, which has more recently been held by the scandal-plagued George Ryan and Rod Blagojevich.
Answer: Governor of Illinois [accept equivalents]
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Robert Lowell noted a voice that was like "the crackling of thorns under a pot" in a poem about this author's death by drowning. A crash course in German at the urging of Thomas Carlyle helped this writer produce the first English translation of Eckermann's Conversations with Goethe, and this author included the short poem "To a Friend" in a catalogue of a journey west which also includes one of the first calls for preservation of Native American societies, A (*) Summer on the Lakes. The story of Orpheus's failed attempt to rescue Eurydice is used to evoke a future time when women can save men in an essay that also decries the cliche that "every strong woman" is said to have "a masculine mind"; that essay, "The Great Lawsuit," was included in her later book Woman in the Nineteenth Century. Called by Emerson the "best-read person in all of New England," for 10 points, name this Transcendentalist writer best known for editing that movement's journal, The Dial.
Answer: Margaret Fuller
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Martin Hagglund has attempted to refute the idea of a truly linear connection between the thought of Jacques Derrida and this earlier thinker, suggesting that they only "share a vocabulary," in direct opposition to a 1990 work by Simon Critchley called The Ethics of Deconstruction, subtitled for Derrida and this man. The first original work he published after rendering the first French translation of Husserl's Cartesian Meditations was the essay "On Escape," in which he analyzed the connections between the intentional ego and what he called the "embodied self." While a prisoner of war in a camp near Hanover in WWII, he began work on (*) Existence and Existents, in which he developed his concept of the "face-to-face" as the basis for ethical behavior, an idea he developed from Talmudic study and furthered in his best-known work, in which he said that the primary demand made by all humans upon encounter is "thou shalt not kill me." Author of Otherwise Than Being, for ten points, name this Lithuanian-born French philosopher who wrote Totality and Infinity.
Answer: Emmanuel Levinas
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A stone on the right side of this work features a nearly inscrutable picture of a bird, while on the left lies a stone on which the artist's initials have been engraved. A man in an orange cloak sits by the title character of this work stroking his leg. Scrolls and ink are on the floor on the left side of this work, and a lyre lies in the background behind the title character. On the upper left two people can be seen climbing a staircase , and exactly half of the figures in this painting are looking at the title character. A peg with a metal ring on it can be seen in the upper right of this work, in which the title character has one foot touching a cinder block and the other pointed toward a weeping man in red. The distraught individuals near the title figure are upset over the punishment given to the title character, who is reaching out for a goblet of hemlock. For 10 points name this painting by Jacques Louis David.
Answer: The Death of Socrates or La Mort de Socrates
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In this city, telescopes found in a three-domed observatory designed by T.E. Billquist include the Fitz-Clark Refractor, the Thaw Refractor, and the Keeler Memorial Reflector. One attraction in this city includes the Infinity Dots Mirrored Room, and this city is also home to National Aviary and the best known work of Charles Klauder. Manfred Honeck is the music director of the symphony orchestra of this city, which is home to a contemporary art museum known as the (*) Mattress Factory. Home to a landmark that contains 27 Nationality Rooms, this city also features Philip Johnson's PPG Place and the Andy Warhol Museum. This city is also home to the Hill District, whose redevelopment was central to the plot of the play Radio Golf, written by native author August Wilson. For 10 points, name this Pennsylvania city that is notably found at the confluence of three rivers, and is nicknamed the Steel City.
Answer: Pittsburgh
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This character's blood is characterized as "[full of] semicolons and parentheses" by another character in the work in which he appears. He is flattered to be asked to model for a portrait of Aquinas by the painter Naumann, who really wants to sketch his wife. The small works he dubs his (*) "parerga" are used as an excuse for not completing his magnum opus, a work which his wife agrees to learn Latin and Greek to help him complete. He allows his cousin to live on his estate, Lowick, but he adds a codicil to his will forbidding his wife to marry after his death after he begins to suspect Will Ladislaw of coveting her. Never finishing his "Key to All Mythologies," this is, for 10 points, what pedantic clergyman, the husband of Dorothea Brooke in George Eliot's Middlemarch.
Answer: Edward Casaubon [accept either]
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The founder of this period compiled texts like the nitchu gyoji and this period's namesake nenchu gyoji. A movement of this period that hoped to return to the Engi period in land reform was led by the author of the Jinno shotoki, Kitabatake Chikafusa. The downfall of this period was largely caused by the corrupt practices of the Onsho-gata, or Office of Awards, and at its beginning, the office of kampaku was abolished. It was brought about when militant Buddhist monks of the Kinai region allied with the forces of Kusunoki Masahige and Prince (*) Morinaga to allow this period's founder to return from exile on Oki. This period was followed by the Namboku-cho due to the establishment of a capital in Yoshino for a Southern Court. Nitta Yoshisada helped establish this period by destroying the Hojo clan, and it ended when Kyoto was captured and Go-Daigo deposed by Ashikaga Takauji. For 10 points, name this period lasting from 1333-1336 which saw a return to imperial control of Japan.
Answer: Kemmu Restoration/Period [or Kenmu]
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Marczewski's problem asks if this theorem holds in rotational situations when the Property of Baire is exhibited. Its central proposition may be achieved via the Wallace-Bolyai-Gerwien Theorem if point-by-point pairing is required, and the existence of a Folner sequence identifies groups for which it does not hold, which include Borel sets. One of its strong versions is derived from the (*) Schroeder-Bernstein theory along with its primary example, which is based on a premise of the Vitali Theorem and is an extension of the Hausdorff Paradox. It was derived from the Axiom of Choice, to which it is often given as a counterexample. For 10 points, name this theorem that states that two three or higher dimensional non-empty bounded subsets of a Euclidean space can be decomposed into countably many disjoint subsets such that two congruent subsets of each may be assembled, named for two Polish mathematicians.
Answer: Banach-Tarski theorem or paradox
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The protagonist of this novel is plagued by a woman called "Ash Wednesday" by her son in law, while her friends include the wife of a hypochondriac shoe store owner and a teacher with an annoying accent. The number seventeen holds special significance for one of this novel's characters, who showers the protagonist with money after buying her a turquoise necklace. Another character writes a proposal to restrict lovemaking to Wednesdays and Saturdays and, with the amateur orchestra of the Sons of Orpheus, serenades the protagonist by playing "Lullaby to Floripedes" on the bassoon. A whore devoted to the god Oxossi helps the protagonist conjure a character who had died while dancing the samba dressed as a woman with a cassava tuber tied under his skirt, and he appears in the bed now shared with Dr. Teodoro Madureira. Including two recipes taught at the title character's cooking school, this is, for ten points, what novel in which the title character remarries after the death of Vadinho by Jorge Amado.
Answer: Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands
 
2009 Chicago Open Bonuses by Original Dixieland Jazz Band
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Federico Fellini aided this film's director with the script, and it was shot mostly with scrounged or stolen film stock while Rome was still occupied by the Nazis. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this film released in 1946 but shot in 1943-44 featuring Anna Magnani as a pregnant woman in love with a resistance fighter.
Answer: Rome: Open City [or Roma: Citta Apperta]
[10] Rome: Open City was directed by this man, whose scandalous affair with Ingrid Bergman produced three children, including the model and actress who played the disturbed Dorothy in Blue Velvet.
Answer: Roberto Rosselini
[10] Rome: Open City is one of the signal achievements of this post-WWII film movement that also includes movies like de Sica's The Bicycle Thief and Visconti's The Earth Will Tremble.
Answer: Italian Neo-Realism
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The Carey-Foster slide wire bridge is an elaborated form of this construct, which is named for the inventor of the concertina! For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this type of bridge used to determine the value of an unknown resistance, consisting of two parallel resistance branches with each branch containing two series resistors.
Answer: Wheatstone bridge
[10] In this device that employs a galvanometer to measure radiant heat, a Wheatstone bridge connects two ends of blackened platinum wire, one of which is irradiated, while the other is held constant.
Answer: bolometer
[10] The Wheatstone bridge also appears in this type of strain gauge invented to measure strain associated with earthquakes. It employs four tungsten filaments in diamond architecture across which a current is applied. Deviations from alignment and thus resistance produce a voltage proportional to the force.
Answer: Simmons-Ruge-4 Gauge
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David Hajdou's popular history work The Ten-Cent Plague discusses the 1950s comic-book scare greatly influenced by this work by Frederic Wertham. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1954 book which argued for Superman's fascism and Wonder Woman's sadomasochism, using no studies or social evidence to support its claims that comics were destroying the morals of the young.
Answer: Seduction of the Innocent
[10] Titles like Haunt of Fear, Weird Science, and The Crypt of Terror, published by this company run by Bill Gaines, were specifically attacked by Wertham's book.
Answer: Educational Comics
[10] Seduction of the Innocent helped usher in the Comic Book Code, which Gaines and EC responded to by changing the format of this humor comic created by Harvey Kurtzman to magazine size, allowing it to avoid the code's restrictions. In April, 2009, publishers announced it would move to quarterly publication.
Answer: Mad Magazine
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Francisco de Quevedo likened this rival's schnozz to a "swordfish with a beard" in the sonnet "To a Nose." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poet of Spain's Golden Age, the author of Soledades. His fancy diction and complicated syntax defines his namesake "-ism," also known derisively as "culteranismo."
Answer: Luis de Gongora
[10] The 300th anniversary of Gongora's death was celebrated at the first meeting of this group of Spanish writers, including Damaso Alonso and Federico Garcia-Lorca, who celebrated Gongora's imagery.
Answer: Generacion del '27 [or English equivalents]
[10] All or nothing, Gongora's most Gongoristic work is a long poem about this mythical pair, a Cyclops and the sea nymph with whom he is infatuated enough to murder her lover, Acis.
Answer: Polyphemus and Galatea [both answers required]
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father-in-law, Theagenes the tyrant of Megara, to seize the Acropolis in Athens. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man, who was promptly besieged in the Acropolis and eventually surrendered after promise of safe-conduct, only to have his followers murdered.
Answer: Cylon [or Kulon]
[10] Cylon's men were persuaded to come out of the temple of Athens by the promises of this man, whose broken promise drew a miasma on his Alcmaonid clan.
Answer: Megacles
[10] The grandson and namesake of Megacles was instrumental in expelling this man, another tyrant of Athens, although Megacles could not prevent his eventual return and rule over Athens until 527 BCE.
Answer: Peisistratus
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In his article "Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy," he develops concepts such as "mediascapes" and "technoscapes." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Indian sociologist who offered five dimensions of the social imaginary as well as discussing the cultural dimensions of globalization in Modernity at Large.
Answer: Arjun Appadurai
[10] Appadurai cites the work of this thinker in one work. This Cal-Berkeley professor of linguistics, besides co-authoring Metaphors We Live By with Mark Johnson, developed the concept of the "embodied mind," and also wrote the awesomely titled Women, Fire and Dangerous Things.
Answer: George Lakoff
[10] George Lakoff taught transformational grammar for a while, part of the Minimalist program developed by this noted MIT linguist who came up with a hierarchy of languages.
Answer: Noam Chomsky
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The name of this surah is related to an argument between Moses and the Israelites regarding the performance of a particular sacrifice in order to resolve a dispute over a crime. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this lengthy Medinan surah named for the sacrificed animal which proscribes blasphemy, usury, wine, and pork, among other injunctions, as well as insisting on no compulsion in religion.
Answer: The Cow [or al-Baqarah; or The Calf]
[10] This 255th ayah of surat-al-Baqarah states that God never sleeps and is all-knowing, using the titular metaphor to illustrate his dominion over heaven and Earth. al-Tabari's more esoteric interpretation suggests that its name is related to a footstool that makes the sound of a creaking camel saddle.
Answer: Throne [or Chair Verse; or ayatu-I-kursi]
[10] Quranic exegesis or commentary, such as the one performed by the aforementioned al-Tabari, is known as this in Arabic, though some would argue that al-Tabari's interpretation falls under the rubric of Ta'weel rather than this usually more direct method of interpretation.
Answer: Tafsir
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In this poem's epigraph, the title locale is described as a "false luxury" where "we lived right jollily." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this long 1748 allegory about a place where enervated characters focus on aesthetic experiences.
Answer: "The Castle of Indolence"
[10] The advertisement for "The Castle of Indolence" states that it was "written in imitation of" this earlier British poet, author of "The Shepherd's Calendar" and "Amoretti,"a sequence of his eponymous type of sonnets.
Answer: Edmund Spenser
[10] "The Castle of Indolence" provides the epigraph to chapter eight of this novel about Emily St. Aubert, who is in love with Valancourt, but is incarcerated at the title location by Montoni.
Answer: The Mysteries of Udolpho
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The Sry-Sox subfamily possesses this DNA binding motif, which was discovered in the transcription factor TFIIA. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this DNA-binding motif, whose namesake atom is chelated by two histine and two cysteine residues.
Answer: zinc finger domain
[10] Among the most widely studied proteins with a Helix-turn-helix DNA binding motif are "Repressor" and "Cro," which act as transcription factors in this virus. Notably discovered by Joshua and Esther Lederberg, this virus is probably best known for its ability to infect E. Coli.
Answer: bacteriophage lambda [accept: lambda phage]
[10] Yet another DNA binding motif, the leucine zipper motif, is found in this protein family, which forms either homodimers or heterodimers with Fos proteins to produce the prolific transcription factor AP-1. It was initially called "P39."
Answer: C-jun [prompt impatient people on "P39"]
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During the 19th century the English managed to get involved in a number of stupid conflicts for stupid reasons. Name some, 10 points each.,
[10] Although hostilities with the namesake people and the British had been simmering since the Wairau incident, the first war of this name was launched in earnest in 1844 when Chief Hone Heke struck down the Union Jack at Kororareka. It was nicknamed the "Flagstaff War."
Answer: First Maori War
[10] In 1859, the English and the United States almost went to war over the San Juan Island, then quasi-legally occupied by both powers, when the namesake animal owned by a British subject ate potatoes belonging to an American subject and was promptly shot. Although both armies maneuvered, no shots save that which killed the animal were ultimately fired, as Winfield Scott persuaded the British representative not to fight and submit claims to the island to a neutral party.
Answer: Pig War
[10] Due to stupid squabbling for control of Central Asia in the Great Game, in 1839 Lord Auckland ordered an invasion that resulted in a massacre in this city, when a retreating British army under William Elphinstone was slaughtered by the forces of Akbar Khan.
Answer: Kabul
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The latitudinal progression of these objects is given by Sporer's law. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these objects that generally follow an 11-year cycle, but did not appear as much during the Maunder Minimum.
Answer: sunspots
[10] The dimming effect of sunspots is more than made up for by these bright areas that are located in the upper part of the photosphere, and are best seen near the sun's limb.
Answer: faculae
[10] A period of 27.2753 days is given for the rotation period of sunspots in this time scheme that begins on November 1, 1853 and counts the number of rotations of the sun. It is plotted against the heliographic latitude on the butterfly diagram that represents Sporer's Law.
Answer: Carrington Number
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His poem "Durer: Innsbruck, 1495" ends with the line, "I am still/The black swan of trespass upon alien waters." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this "author" of the collection The Darkening Ecliptic. He was really an invention of the poets James McAuley and Harold Stewart.
Answer: Ern Malley
[10] The Ern Malley hoax remains the greatest literary scandal of this nation, also the home of authors like Oodgeroo Noonuccal and Patrick White.
Answer: Australia
[10] McAuley and Stewart perpetrated the Ern Malley fraud to humiliate Max Harris, the publisher of this avant-garde magazine, in which the Malley poems appeared.
Answer: Angry Penguins
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The title character of his painting Oedipus Explaining the Enigma of the Sphinx has the same pose as the statue Hermes with the Sandal. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this French painter whose works include a portrait of Madame Desire Raoul-Rochette and The Apotheosis of Homer.
Answer: Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
[10] A 1832 portrait by Ingres depicts this founder of the Journal des Debats in mid-conversation. He is stocky, has messy grey-hair, and rests his hands on his knees.
Answer: Louis-Francois Bertin
[10] This man's photographs include one of the model Kiki wearing a turban, Le Violon d'Ingres.
Answer: Man Ray [or Emmanuel Radnitzky]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man organized the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan, and he was instrumental in negotiating START. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who succeeded Andrei Gromyko as Soviet Foreign Minister.
Answer: Eduard Shevardnadze
[10] Shevardnadze is more notable for serving as effective dictator of this nation until he was replaced by Mikheil Saakashvili in the 2003 Rose Revolution.
Answer: Georgia
[10] Among those instrumental in Shevardnadze's downfall was this leader of Ajaria. A crisis occurred in 2004 when he refused to return his republic to Georgian control under Saakashvili.
Answer: Aslan Abashidze
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Its three sections are "Doubt," "Knowledge," and "Faith," and it eventually suggests that the title duty is "not merely TO KNOW, but according to one's knowledge "TO DO." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1800 work expounding on its author's system of Wissenschaftslehre for a popular audience.
Answer: The Vocation of Man [or Die Bestimmung des Menschen]
[10] The Vocation of Man was written by this German philosopher who also wrote Attempt at a Critique of All Revelation.
Answer: Johann Gottlieb Fichte
[10] Fichte's fundamental concept of self-consciousness as dependent on reference to other people is found in this work. Self-consciousness generates the "sphere of freedom," which generates the titular concept.
Answer: Foundations of Natural Right [or Grundlage des Naturrechts]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Used in redox chemistry, it uses solid single lines to separate species related by acid-base equilibria, and solid double lines to separate species in different oxidation states. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this two-dimensional form of predominance diagrams, whose axes are potential and pH.
Answer: Pourbaix diagram
[10] The boundary between two states can be plotted on a Pourbaix diagram by using this equation. A notable variant that can be applied to cell membranes is the Goldman equation.
Answer: Nernst equation
[10] Another exciting diagram, named for Ellingham, plots free energy against this quantity. In a namesake type of spectroscopy, a sudden "jump" in this quantity for picosecond durations can be used to study enzyme-kinetics.
Answer: temperature [prompt on "T"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
His 1760 poem, "An Evening Thought," is the first published work by a Black writer in the US. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this enslaved author who also presented an "Address to the Negroes in the State of New-York" to the African Society in 1773.
Answer: Jupiter Hammon
[10] In a long-titled poem addressed to this contemporary, Hammon described this woman as an "Ethiopian poetess, in Boston . . . acquainted with the gospel of Jesus Christ." She is better known for poems like "To His Excellency, George Washington" and for being Black.
Answer: Phyllis Wheatley
[10] Wheatley also wrote a poem addressed to this classical figure, a patron of Virgil and Horace to whom the Georgics were dedicated.
Answer: Gaius Cilnius Maecenas
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these figures from various myths with something in common, 10 points each.,
[10] As one of the Seven Against Thebes, this father of Diomedes killed Melanippus but had received a mortal wound in turn. Athene sped to his side to cure him and make him immortal, but was so disgusted when this man ate part of Melanippus's brain that she let him die.
Answer: Tydeus
[10] After defeating king Mesgegra of Leinster, Conall Cearnach cut off Mesgegra's head and made a ball out of his brain, one which Cet mac Magach later used to kill this king of the Red Branch.
Answer: Conchobar mac Nessa
[10] Worshippers of this Norse god and husband of Sif were forbidden to throw a whetstone across a floor, because every time they did a fragment of whetstone which lodged in his brain during his battle with Hrungnir moved and caused him headaches.
Answer: Thor
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In 1837, he was given the commission to paint the apse of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts with depictions of various famous artists from the ancient and modern world, known as his Hemicycle. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this French artist also famous for scenes from English history, such as Cromwell Looking on the Corpse of Charles I and The Children of Edward IV in the Tower of London.
Answer: Hippolyte Paul Delaroche
[10] Perhaps the most famous of Delaroche's "English" scenes is his depiction of the execution of this English queen, shown in a dungeon blindfolded and guided to a chopping block on a bed of straw by the Tower Constable in a black robe lined with orange fur.
Answer: Lady Jane Grey
[10] Delaroche's depiction of this historical scene features its subject on a black nag somewhat prosaically looking like the viewer, and is much less dynamic than the series executed by David on the same subject, whose title figure sits atop a rearing horse beneath whose hooves are carved into stone his name as well as that of Charlemagne and Hannibal.
Answer: Napoleon Crossing the Alps [accept reasonable variations]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Stuff about some 1871 legislation, for 10 points each.,
[10] This term is used to describe the Civil Rights Act of 1871, the KKK act, and other legislation meant to stop White efforts preventing African-American voting in the South.
Answer: Force Acts
[10] This Union general from Maine, who served as provisional governor of Mississippi before election to the Senate from that state, gave his first speech in favor of the Force Act of 1870.
Answer: Adelbert Ames
[10] Ames later engineered the firing of this first president of Alcorn College for campaigning against him. This dude is better known for being the first African-American elected to the US Senate.
Answer: Hiram Revels

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