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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Chicago Open Tossups by Mont Pelerin Society
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Kimura-Takamura-Yokomakura equation calculates the probability of this occurrence in matter of constant density. The debated Klapdor-Kleingrothaus experiment, if duplicated, may obviate the most widely accepted reasons for this phenomenon, which is implied by the nonzero phase factors of Makai-Nakagawa-Sakata matrices, by proving the subjects in question (*) annihilate themselves during germanium-76 decay. High energy versions of this phenomenon occur via Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein resonance in the sun, and atmospheric angular variations in the muon rate are central to the balance of subtypes of the particles involved, which suggests a non-zero mass for them. First predicted by Bruno Pontecorvo, for 10 points, name this phenomenon first observed at the Super-Kamiokande observatory by which certain uncharged leptons may change flavors.
Answer: neutrino oscillations [accept change in flavors or neutrino flavor oscillations until mentioned]
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One character in this novel tricks the protagonist into meeting Carola Grandison by telling him his father has apoplexy. The protagonist of this novel is horsewhipped by Giles Blaize for shooting a pheasant on his property, after which the protagonist bribes Tom Bakewell to burn down Blaize's hayricks. The protagonist's love interest is sent off to school to separate the couple; they eventually marry, but he leaves her and their unborn child, and she later dies of shock and brain fever when her husband is wounded in a duel with the man who tried to seduce her, Lord Mountfalcon. The protagonist's cousin Clare is in love with him and dies wearing his wedding ring, which he had presumed lost. The protagonist of this work grows up with Ripton Thompson under the care of Adrian Harley, who has been instructed to sequester the boy from society, but eventually the plan fails and he falls in love with Lucy Desborough. For ten points name this tragicomic novel in which Sir Austin attempts to prohibit his son from having sex until age 25, a novel by George Meredith.
Answer: The Ordeal of Richard Feverel
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This man was inspired by Aaron David Gordon to found Deganya Bet, and he was also one the founders of the Histradut. This man split with his predecessor over the latter's insistence on investigating a disaster caused by Avraham Seidenberg's betrayal of Operation Suzannah, while this man opposed investigating the (*) Lavon affair. During this man's ministry Israeli forces mistakenly attacked the American research vessel USS Liberty. This man served for twelve years as Minister of Finance while a member of Mapai, and he later organized the formation of the Israel Labour Party. While prime minister this man formed a coalition government with Menachim Begin, leading to the elevation of Moshe Dayan as defense minister. For 10 points, name this prime minister during the Six Day War, the third prime minister of Israel.
Answer: Levi Eshkol
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He wrote a piece titled La mere et l'enfant, originally for piano four hands, and contains a section called "Petite Romance." He based his Six melodies on poems by Victor Hugo, and his Trio in C minor shows some influence by Beethoven. Arthur Coquard finished this composer's four-act opera La Jacquerie, and this composer also wrote a ballet that contains a "Pas des cymbals" and some "Danses marocaines." One of his operas was based on Schiller's Die Vershworung des Fiesco zu Genua, and another of his operas sees Magared betraying her father's city to Karnac and is based on a Breton legend. He worked with Adolphe Fischer on one of his better known pieces, and another may have anticipated the release of Bizet's Carmen a month later with a first movement habanera. For 10 points, identify this French composer of the ballet Namouna, the operas Fiesque and Le roi d'Ys, and the Cello Concerto in D minor, perhaps best known for a piece dedicated to Sarasate, Symphonie Espagnole.
Answer: Edouard-Victoire-Antoine Lalo
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This event was discovered by Leoline Jenkins, and a report on it was written by his successor, the Earl of Sunderland. One participant in this event gave a speech in which he claimed "none comes into the world with a saddle on his back, neither any booted and spurred to ride him"; that man was Richard Rumbold. This event grew out of meetings at the house of a London wine merchant named Sheppard. Thomas Ferguson and Robert Armstrong were executed in its aftermath along with the author of the Discourses Concerning Government, (*) Algernon Sidney. It was sparked by the failure of the Exclusion Bill, and it designed to kill its targets on their return from a Newmarket horse meet. It resulted in the suicide of the Earl of Essex, though more notably implicated was the Duke of Monmouth, who went into exile. Actually real unlike the Popish Plot, for 10 points, name this plot to kill Charles II and the future James II at a namesake Hertfordshire dwelling.
Answer: Rye House Plot
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Karl Barth claimed that church history was "utterly weak" since the distinction between God and human is too great one work with this title. Another work with this name cites Hosea to show that "the Lord is the Lord of all". That second work's author asks "Who will rescue me from this body of death?" in a section that claims that "apart from the law, sin lies dead". This work's thirteenth chapter implores its readers to submit to existing authorities, for they "have all been instituted by God", and its first chapter accuses "women [who] exchanged natural intercourse for unnatural" of giving into "degrading passions" and being "God-haters". It states that "real circumcision is a matter of the heart", alluding to its author's disagreement with Peter, since the promise of Abraham came to him not through good works but by "righteousness of faith". For 10 points identify this epistle from which Martin Luther formed his doctrine of justification through faith alone, the first letter of Paul in the New Testament.
Answer: Paul's Epistle/Letter to the Romans
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One generally observes a hypsochromic shift when applying these to systems without planarity, while a bathochromic shift is observed when these are applied to coplanar systems exhibiting ring strain. They are also not very accurate when applied to systems exhibiting considerable branching. Their namesake, along with Moffit, Moscowitz, Klyne, and Djerassi published the "octant rule," which were correlations between the ORD (*) spectra of saturated ketones and their structures, and 5 nm are added for exocyclic double bonds according to them. They assign a value of 217 nanometers for conjugated dienes and , thus making them useful for predicting the wavelength of peak absorption for a chromophore in UV-Vis spectroscopy. For 10 points, identify this set of rules, which are sometimes also named for the people who categorized them, Mary and Louis Fieser.
Answer: Woodward's rules [or Woodward-Feiser rules]
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Its name is shared by a 2003 trance album by Darude. One of its most famous songs opens with a repeated two-measure sequence of a bass drum beat on the first beat of the first measure and the second beat of the second measure and a tom-tom beat on the third beat of both measures. Its most famous album features Hugh Syme's graphic of "Starman," a naked man seen from behind standing with his arms outstretched in front of a seemingly oncoming pentagram. Its 1984 album Grace Under Pressure incorporated ska and reggae influences, which can be heard in such songs as "Distant Early Warning." In 1974, it established its current lineup when original drummer John Rutsey left the band. The first track, "Far Cry," on its latest album became a modest success. That album, 2007's "Snakes and Arrows," resulted in a tour that is still going on, unlike an album that spawned the single "Closer to the Hydrant," the nonexistent concept album "Dogopoly." Its most recognizable hits came from 1980's Permanent Waves and 1981's Moving Pictures. For 10 points, name this three-member band from from Canada, composed of Geddy Lee, Alex Lifeson and Neil Peart and known for such hits as Tom Sawyer and The Spirit of Radio.
Answer: Rush
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This character was once caught washing her family's silverware thoroughly after they were used by a black woman and earlier held the supposedly coveted post of secretary to a high school soccer coach. She is adamantly opposed to the use of convertibles and the consumption of doughnuts for breakfast. She describes the narrator of the novel in which she appears as "Mr. Fly-Off-The-Handle" and when he leaves the room, she declares, "Hi Ho Silver, The Temper Tantrum Kid Rides Again." A man she once dated is a local mustard baron and one anecdote in the book in which she appears involves her nearly dying after an attractive insurance agent named Doyle convinces her to try lobster. Once nicknamed Big Red, this knife-wielder has a young a Israeli lookalike who makes the protagonist say, "It's no good. I can't get a hard-on in this place." For 10 points, name this wife of the ever-constipated Jake and object of massive Oedipus complex, a parent of a Philip Roth protagonist whose domineering personality leaves her son with the titular condition.
Answer: Sophie Portnoy [accept Portnoy's mother before "parent" or Sophie Ginsky, prompt on Portnoy]
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Green and Shapiro have argued in a paper titled after the "Pathologies" of this concept that its empirical value is limited. Blau attempted to address one problem of this theory by claiming that people are inclined to accept inconvenience if it came as a part of a longer chain of actions. The problem that he was attempting to solve was that of Norms and Obligations, while several theorists have attempted to improve conceptions of this theory by adding variables for promises and threats. The foundational theory for this concept came from a work of George Caspar Homans, who wrote Social Behavior: Its Elementary Forms, which drew heavily form the psychology of Skinner. This theory assumes completeness and transitivity of preferences, with the result that all participants can make a personally consistent ranking. For ten points, identify this concept from economics and political science that states that participants in a system nearly always make decisions that follow their best interests.
Answer: Rational Choice Theory
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Quizbowlers might sympathize with the narrator of this work, who recalls that at the age of eight he "longed impatiently for the day (which alas! has come) when a strong beard should bristle on my chin." Many years later that man publishes a study on the fertilization of flowers. One character who models a statue of an ink-throwing fairy is treated much better at school when it is discovered that another character is a Member of the Institute. The protagonist helps the student Henri Gelis with his thesis and later sells most of his collection to fund the young man's marriage to the ward of the title character. The Russian Prince Trepof travels the world building his matchbox collection in this novel, and the title character is surprised to find that the Princess Trepof once lived in poverty without even the means to buy firewood in the winter. For 10 points, name this novel where the gentle old title character abducts the red-handed Jeanne from her notary guardian Maitre Mouche, an 1881 work about a book lover by Anatole France.
Answer: The Crime of Sylvester Bonnard
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One person with this name was a short-lived socialist Prime Minister of India who came to power after the quick decline of the V. P. Singh led Janata Dal and was succeed by P. V. Narasimha Rao. Yet another person with this last name notably suffered from polio but took 242 wickets in test cricket as a part of the legendary spin quartet of India. In addition to Bhagwat, another person with this name organized the robbery of a British train at Kakori, and was the commander in chief of the socialist Hindustan Republic Army. That man was better known by his epithet "Azad." Another person with this name introduced a quantity which is equal to the square of the Hartman number and also used the idea of electron degeneracy pressure to give the upper bound of 4 solar masses as the maximum mass of a White Dwarf. For 10 points give this last name which also identifies an Indian astronomer with a namesake limit.
Answer: Chandrashekhar [or Chandrasekar; prompt on early Chandra buzz; prompt on "Singh" during the first sentence; at any point, accept "Chandra Shekhar Singh," "Bhagwat Chandrashekhar," "Chandrashekhar Azad," or "Subramanyam Chandrasekhar"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One generally observes a hypsochromic shift when applying these to systems without planarity, while a bathochromic shift is observed when these are applied to coplanar systems exhibiting ring strain. They are also not very accurate when applied to systems exhibiting considerable branching. Their namesake, along with Moffit, Moscowitz, Klyne, and Djerassi published the "octant rule," which were correlations between the ORD (*) spectra of saturated ketones and their structures, and 5 nm are added for exocyclic double bonds according to them. They assign a value of 217 nanometers for conjugated dienes and , thus making them useful for predicting the wavelength of peak absorption for a chromophore in UV-Vis spectroscopy. For 10 points, identify this set of rules, which are sometimes also named for the people who categorized them, Mary and Louis Fieser.
Answer: Woodward's rules [or Woodward-Feiser rules]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In the early stages of this conflict, Moses John de Rossett forced William Houston to renounce a position, and forces under John Ashe and Hugh Waddell prevented the unloading of the ships Diligence and Viper. One person involved in this conflict delivered the "Sermons on Asses" and took the name Tuscape Death while fleeing it, and another was attacked in the "Atticus letter." The Black Boys of Cabarrus destroyed an arsenal in this uprising, the leaders of which included (*) James Hunter and Herman Husband. The participants raided a court in Hillsborough in an attempt to bring Edmund Fanning to justice, while other causes included a mansion constructed by taxpayer dollars in New Bern. Forcefully put down by a state militia at the Battle of Alamance, it primarily took place in Orange County. For 10 points, name this colonial rebellion put down by Governor William Tryon, occurring in North Carolina.
Answer: War of the Regulators [or Regulation]
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Two indicators of these systems are the K-sub-5 band and the [Om]A5007 emission line, and complex X-ray variability below 2KeV indicates that high accretion rates in some examples support ionized reprocessors. All of them contain core temperatures high enough to produce tridecavalent iron, (*) while emission from these bodies in the radio spectrum is due to synchrotron emission from their cores. Doppler broadening between the bands of their accretion disks provides one method of classifying them, though the unified classification is based upon hydrogen emission in the either infrared or UV, and is composed of Type I and Type II examples. For 10 points, name these intermediate systems between galaxies and quasars, which are radio galaxies that contain extremely active central nuclei, named for an American astronomer.
Answer: Seyfert galaxies [Prompt on galaxies or spiral galaxies early; prompt on Active Galactic Nuclei before "cores."]
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This man collaborated with Thomas Girtin in copying studies by John Robert Cozens and Edward Dayes while staying with Thomas Munro, and he was inspired by a Thomas Gray poem to depict the decimation of the Welsh Bards by Edward I. This man often appended quotes from his alleged epic poem "The Fallacies of Hope" to his works, which include a view of Venice from the Porch of Madonna and Ulysses Dering Polyphemus. He painted two works on "morning" and "evening" after a downpour, while his Roman works include Apullia in Search of Appulus and View of Orvieto. One of his paintings depics a vehicle barreling forward parallel to a barely visible colonnade, while another notably sets the titular ship off on the left side. Causing controversy with a painting depicting dying people being thrown off the titular craft during a storm, this is, for 10 points, what artist of Slave Ship and Rain, Steam, and Speed?
Answer: Joseph Mallord William Turner
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According to Dinon, one participant in this battle by an action earned the right to place a golden cock on his spear, though another source claims that action was performed by a man named Mithridates. One important figure in this battle was Teribazus, while the murder of Statira following this battle by Parysatis is reported by another eyewitness, Ctesias. One commander here refused to put his heavy troops in the center, insisting on staying on the right next to a riverbank, and he fought on the side of (*) Ariaeus. Phalinus was sent as a messenger to the losers of this battle after Tissaphernes seized and killed many of their leaders at a banquet, including Clearchus of Sparta. This battle was a victory for Artaxerxes II despite the presence of Greek mercenaries since it saw the death of his rebellious brother, Cyrus the Younger. For 10 points, name this battle fought on the Euphrates which was followed by the march to the Black Sea of the Ten Thousand, recounted in the Anabasis of Xenophon.
Answer: Battle of Cunaxa
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One of its proponents criticized behaviorist analyses of language in his magnum opus. That man's purported misreading of Saussure's Course in General Linguistics contributed to The Visible and the Invisible, while a hermeneutic approach to it was advocated in Being and Time. When preceded by "analytic," the philosophical movement named after it ontologically reduces particular things to the human experiences of those things, a radical departure from earlier practices of the disciplineand Hegel's methodology for it defined criteria for certain knowledge and independent objecthood. This philosophical discipline was advanced a work which discussed the role of epoche in philosophy and was entitled Ideas, but it began in an earlier work by the same author, Philosophical Investigations. For 10 points, name this philosophical discipline and movement, which studies consciousness and the experiences of the individual, which was discussed in relation to perception by Merleau-Ponty and in relation to Spirit by Hegel.
Answer: phenomenology
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One character in this work has a sexual relationship with Miss Umeki Tsurigane, and Dr. Ganeshi Rao performs a disappearing act by practicing yoga in Kursaal. Another character has a close encounter with a Tazelworm while digging tunnels in the Alps, and has a sexual relationship with Ruperta Chirpingdon-Groin's dog Mouffette. Dr. Minkowski gives a guest lecture at Candlebrow University in this work, and the T.W.I.T. is involved in a search for Shambhala in Central Asia, where Lieutenant Halfcourt is stationed. Frank meets Sloat Fresno unexpectedly in a bar and kills him, though Deuce Kindred is still at large. Iceland spar creates double images in, for 10 points, what novel that also sees the travels of the Chums of Chance aboard the airship Inconvenience and the conflict between the Traverses and Scarsdale Vibe, a work by Thomas Pynchon?
Answer: Against the Day
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This man gained early success with some piano transcriptions on themes from the comic opera La dame blanche and the one-act vaudeville show The American Uncle. Minor successes by this man include La Fille du Danube and Les Mohicans, and The Dark Diamond was a disappointing follow-up to his "military spectacle," His First Campaign. This man wrote the popular opera-ballet The Hamadryads, though better regarded was his ballet The Corsair. His major attempt at "grand opera," Richard in Palestine, bombed at the box office, while a libretto by Eugene Scribe that was originally intended for Daniel Aubert provided the text for his finest opera, Giralda. This composer is much better-known for a work in which the title character encounters a gang of feminist elemental spirits in the forest who want to murder her boyfriend. For ten points name this prolific composer best-known for the ballet Giselle.
Answer: Adolphe Adam
 
2009 Chicago Open Bonuses by Mont Pelerin Society
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
His works included The Stones of Venice and The Seven Lamps of Architecture. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this British art critic who heavily influenced William Morris.
Answer: John Ruskin
[10] John Ruskin and William Morris were the leading members of this art movement that opposed the Industrial Revolution and idealized the craftsperson taking pride in his/her personal handiwork.
Answer: Arts and Crafts Movement
[10] The Arts and Crafts movement later influenced this central European art movement led by Josef Hoffman and Koloman Moser; they designed the Stoclet Palace in Brussels and the Sanatorium Purkersdorf.
Answer: Vienna Workshop [or Wiener Werkstatte]
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The title character co-owns a mill with Robert Moore, who eventually marries the protagonist's friend Caroline Helstone. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel in which the title character marries Robert's brother Louis, her former tutor, over the objections of her uncle, Mr. Sympson.
Answer: Shirley
[10] Shirley is a novel by this author of The Professor and a pretty decent novel about Lucy Snowe's life in the titular European town, Villette.
Answer: Charlotte Bronte [prompt on partial]
[10] The title character of this other Charlotte Bronte work works at Thornfield Hall and eventually marries its master, Mr. Rochester.
Answer: Jane Eyre
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Its optical proof is given by the failure to trap dielectrics utilizing only scattering forces associated with radiation pressure. For 10 points each:,
[10] What is this theorem which states that because relative minimum and maximum extrema of the electrostatic potential are forbidden, no static equilibrium position may be found for a point charge in an electric field?
Answer: Earnshaw's Theorem
[10] Perhaps the simplest proof of Earnshaw's Theorem is the zero divergence of electric fields enclosed by surfaces such as Faraday cages as predicted by this law.
Answer: Gauss's Law
[10] A practical consequence of Earnshaw's theorem is the inability for ions to escape this device associated with cyclotrons, which functions via superimposed magnetic and static inhomogeneous electric fields.
Answer: Penning Box [or Trap or Cylinder]
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This agreement provided allowance for clerical marriage and lay communion while still keeping a mainly Catholic bent. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1548 agreement pushed for by Charles V at a namesake diet that was wishy-washy enough to piss off both side in the reformation.
Answer: Augsburg Interim [do not accept "Peace of Augsburg"]
[10] Among the few places to accept the Interim was Strasbourg, which proceeded to exile this leader of the reformation there. He then went to England and helped Thomas Cranmer and Nicholas Ridley revise the Book of Common Prayer.
Answer: Martin Bucer
[10] This other protestant leader was willing to accept the Interim if it was amended to include salvation by faith, making him unpopular with other reformers. This supporter of Martin Luther is more famous for creating the Augsburg Confession.
Answer: Philipp Melanchthon
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It argued that Western concepts like the Freudian Oedipus Complex were not universal across societies. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1927 work in which the two title concepts are explored in terms of the author's experience in the Torobriand Islands.
Answer: Sex and Repression in Savage Societies
[10] This author of Sex and Repression in Savage Societies also wrote The Sexual Life of Savages in North-Western Melanesia
Answer: Bronislaw Malinowski
[10] Bronislaw Malinowski may be the best known for writing this seminal study of the life of the Trobriand Islanders, whom he compared to a certain group of mythological sailors.
Answer: Argonauts of the Western Pacific
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This man wrote an unpublished work in which Rojas and Caliban shoot Delgado. FTPE:,
[10] Name this author of "The Cuban Play" who wrote about Frank and Georgie Elgin's failing marriage in "The Country Girl."
Answer: Clifford Odets
[10] Japheth finds the titular symbol of renewed life at the end of this play, which reimagines the story of Noah's Ark.
Answer: The Flowering Peach
[10] Carp owns a candy store in this play, where Tokio trains Joe Bonaparte, whose brother is a union organizer, but his brother in law Siggie is a non-union cabbie. An early draft had the similar title, Golden Gloves.
Answer: Golden Boy
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A two-sided arrow with a tear-drop underneath is used to symbolize this relationship. For 10 points each:,
[10] Two molecules are said to have this property if the frontier orbitals of those molecules have the same symmetries, have similar energy levels, are the same in number, and have similar shapes.
Answer: isolobal analogy
[10] A molecular fragment which is isolobal with a BH fragment can be substituted into electron-deficient boronclusters. The structures of such clusters can be predicted via these rules which are sometimes co-named for DMP Mingos.
Answer: Wade-Mingos Rules
[10] A compound with three BH groups alternating with three NH groups has been called the "inorganic" form of this organic compound, whose methoxy-derivative is called anisole.
Answer: benzene [accept C6H6]
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His early rule was dominated by his mother al-Khayzuran and his vizier, Yahya the Barmakid. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this 5th Abbasid caliph whose reign saw the peak of the dynasty's power.
Answer: Harun al-Rashid
[10] This son waged a civil war against his brother, al-Amin, after al-Rashid's death; he rose to power after al-Amin was executed after the Siege of Baghdad in 813.
Answer: Abu Ja'far Abdullah al-Ma'mun ibn Harun
[10] Al-Ma'mun attempted to impose this Islamic doctrine on all of his subjects, though the process was interrupted by his death. This doctrine includes a belief in free will, and it notably argues that Qur'an was created, and thus is not the eternal word of God.
Answer: Mu'tazili [or al-Mu'tazilah; or Mutazilite]
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Satan attempted to touch this figure as he was born but only reached the placenta in his mother Miryam, and this figure made clay birds come to life when he was a child. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this second-to-last prophet of Islam who is regarded as al-Masih, or the Messiah, but is not divine and will come again to fight with the Madhi against the Dajjal.
Answer: Isa [accept Jesus or Yeshua]
[10] Muslims consider Jesus' mention of another paraclete arriving later to help the disciples as a foretelling of Muhammad that appears in this non-synoptic gospel. It also contains multiple discourses that outline the seven signs of Jesus' divinity and power and in it Jesus claims that he is "the way, the truth, and the life".
Answer: Gospel of John
[10] This other Islamic prophet is described as "steadfast" and "in high heaven" in the Qu'ran, while in Genesis he is the pious great-grandfather of Noah who avoided death by "walking with God".
Answer: Idris [accept Enoch]
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The protagonist becomes suspicious of his neighbor after he sees him driving an old mustang. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 2007 film starring Shia LeBeouf and Sarah Roemer in which a teenager under house arrest attempts to thwart the efforts of a serial killer.
Answer: Disturbia
[10] That serial killer, Mr. Turner, is played by this awesome dude who was Dr. Jack Morrison on St. Elsewhere and vice cop Michael Tritter on House.
Answer: David Morse
[10] The protagonist tries and fails to get the attention of a detective played by this actress, who was nominated for an Oscar for her portrayal of the mother of a sexually-abused altar boy in Doubt.
Answer: Viola Davis
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Mechanisms by which this may occur include hybrid sterility or hybrid inviability. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this phenomenon which occurs via pre-zygotic and post-zygotic mechanisms and explains which different species don't interbreed.
Answer: reproductive isolation
[10] This model proposes that hybrid incompatibilities occur due to interactions between two or more genes. It occurs when each gene from the hybridizing species has diverged in the respective populations, contributes negatively to fitness, and requires the presence of all interacting genes.
Answer: Dobzhansky-Muller incompatibilities
[10] This rule, developed by a British biologist, states that if crosses between two populations undergoing speciation result in a set of F1 hybrids wherein a particular sex is sterile or that numbers of that sex are diminished, then the sex is heterogametic.
Answer: Haldane's rule
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The red splotch in the upper right portion of this painting is the background to several of the pairs of black filled circles connected by thin lines that are all over fucking place. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this painting with offset yellow and green eyes, a blue half-moon, a blue-star and a bunch of little designs.
Answer: Ciphers and Constellations in Love with a Woman
[10] That painting is by this artist of such works as Woman and Bird in the Night and Maternity, a great Catalan painter who allegedly inspired Hemingway
Answer: Joan Miro
[10] This Miro painting features a red-runged ladder on the left and the titular canine on the right. The upper part of the background is black and the lower portion brown.
Answer: Dog Barking at the Moon
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Stretch the canon with whoever wrote this bonus and name some South American authors, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Paraguayan wrote the short story volumes Thunder among the Leaves, Burnt Wood and Slaughter. He is better known for the masterful "Yo El Supremo," where Dr. Jose Francia looks back on his life and accomplishments like getting rid of Brazilian and Argentine influence
Answer: Augusto Roa Bastos
[10] This author's short stories Glass of Milk and The Beggar appear in his collection, "The Delinquent." He chronicled the adventures of Aniceto Hevia in the novels Born Guilty, Better than Wine, and Shadows against the Wall.
Answer: Manuel Rojas
[10] This guy wrote the stories "The Cubs" and "Kathy and the Hippopotamus." An officer trains a battalion of whores in the jungle in Captain Pantoja and the Special Service, which is every bit as funny as you would think it would be. This Peruvian hit it big with The Time of the Hero and followed with The Green House and Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter.
Answer: Mario Vargas Llosa
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Name some things related to conflicts between Native Americans and the US Government, for 10 points each.,
[10] This man's small band of 100 Seminoles stymied the United States Army's attempts to remove the Seminole to lands west of the Mississippi. In 1835 he ambushed Indian agent Wiley Thompson outside Fort King, killing him and six others.
Answer: Osceola
[10] This douchebag, known as the "Father of the Quartermaster Corps," saw action in the War of 1812 and was wounded at the Battle of Niagara. He was also responsible for capturing Osceola in 1837 after luring him to Fort Payton, Florida, under a flag of truce.
Answer: Thomas Sidney Jesup
[10] Before an 1846 treaty with the United States, this Apache's main enemy was Mexico. Later, after the Bascom Affair, he vowed to drive all Americans off Apache land. His daughter married another famous Apache leader, Cochise.
Answer: Mangas Coloradas
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It maps functions f and g to "the integral of f of x times g of the quantity u minus x dx." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this function that can be used to model blurring and echoes, a binary operation symbolized "f star g."
Answer: convolution
[10] The circular convolution theorem uses this operation twice to perform a convolution. This specific type of operation, as opposed to a similar discrete operation, works in "big O of n log n" time. The discrete operation maps between frequency and time domains, while this operation provides both the discrete operation and its inverse.
Answer: fast Fourier transform [prompt on "Fourier transform"]
[10] This most common of the fast Fourier transforms utilizes the divide and conquer paradigm to compute the FFT.
Answer: Cooley-Tukey algorithm
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify some Central Asian geographic features all related to the Tian Shan Mountains, for 10 points each.,
[10] This river receives its waters from the Naryn and the Kara Darya rivers in the Tian Shan Mountains; it flows into the Aral Sea and has half the annual flow as a similarly named river to the south.
Answer: Syr Darya [accept Jaxartes or Yaxartes]
[10] The South Inylcheck Glacier, the world's 4th largest outside of the polar regions, occupies the north side of this tallest peak of the Tian Shan Mountains on the Chinese-Kyrgyzstan border.
Answer: Victory Peak [accept Pobedau Peak, Pik Pobedy, Jengish Chokusu, Tomur, or Tuomu'er Feng]
[10] This second largest saline lake in the world is found entirely within Kyrgyzstan; it is surrounded by the Tian Shan Mountains.
Answer: Lake Issyk Kul [accept Lake Ysyk Kol]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He wrote "Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind," in which he attacked "the myth of the given," the idea that it is possible to have any sort of epistemic access to objects prior to a conceptual apparatus for understanding them. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this great critic of empiricism, the inventor of the "Myth of Jones" and the author of "Philosophy and the Scientific Image of Man," in which he contrasts "scientific" and "manifest" images of the world.
Answer: Wilfrid Sellars
[10] Another notable thinker to write about the philosophy of mind was this dude, who hypothesized that the mind was separate entirely from the body and communicated with it through the pineal gland, and also hypothesized that the world might be the unreal creation of an evil demon in his Meditations on First Philosophy.
Answer: Rene Descartes
[10] Descartes' last published work, this book focuses on something defined as "Perceptions or sensations or excitations of the soul which are referred to it in particular and which are caused, maintained, and strengthened by some movement of the spirits."
Answer: The Passions of the Soul [or Les passions de l'ame]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This author's collection Eleven Kinds of Loneliness includes a story about Robert Prentice, a ghostwriter for a New York City taxi driver. Name, for 10 points each:,
[10] This creator of alcoholic John Wilder in the novel Disturbing the Peace continued Prentice's story in the novel A Special Providence, which described his bitter relationship with his sculptor mother Alice.
Answer: Richard Yates
[10] This best-known novel of Richard Yates sees Maureen Grube sleep with Frank Wheeler, whose unhappy wife Alice bombs in an acting role, ignores her two young children and dies in a bloody attempt to abort her child.
Answer: Revolutionary Road
[10] Emily Grimes is the insecure protagonist of the Yates novel named for this type of parade. Chekhov wrote a play where a monk serves as ferryman on this holiday's "Eve."
Answer: Easter [Parade or Eve]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these guys who wrote about contract law FTPE:,
[10] In his Mathematical Psychics, this man posited that a system of "recontracting" will lead to an "indeterminacy of contract." Oh, and he also came up with a diagram used to find competitive equilibria known as his "box."
Answer: Francis Ysidro Edgeworth
[10] Any law student is familiar with this Harvard law professor's frequently-cited treatises on contract law. He was also a major contributor to the first restatement of contracts.
Answer: Samuel Williston
[10] This man, one of the original drafters of the UCC, wrote in his most famous work that "We are told that contract, like God, is dead. And so it is."
Answer: Grant Gilmore
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The future empress Elizabeth offered to give back the territory ceded in this treaty in return for assistance in her dynastic struggle against the supporters of Ivan VI. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this treaty by which Russia gained Ingria, Estonia, and Latvia.
Answer: Treaty/Peace of Nystad
[10] The Treaty of Nystad ended this war fought between Russia and Sweden. Notable battles included Poltava and a Siege of Frederikshald at which Charles XII was killed.
Answer: Great Northern War [or Second Northern War]
[10] Also transferred to Russia in the Treaty of Nystad were parts of Karelian Isthmus, including this important fortress city on a namesake bay of the Gulf of Finland. During a 1495 siege of here, Russian troops were supposedly scared away by a namesake "blast."
Answer: Vyborg

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