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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Chicago Open Tossups by Incarcerated Scarfaces
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A green reaction for the industrial synthesis of this compound was developed by Robert Raja and uses 3-picoline as the starting material, and that reaction eliminates the nitrous oxide product usually obtained in conventional synthesis. This compound treats a condition characterized by ataxia and aminoacidurea called Hartnup disease. The biosynthesis of this compound begins with the conversion of an amino acid into kynurenine, which is then converted into (*) quinolinate. High doses of this compound can lead to a form of macular thickening, while its deficiency leads to a syndrome called Casal collar, where a erythematous rash is localized to dermatomes C3 and C Consisting of a pyridine ring 3-substituted with a carboxyl group, it is readily converted to its corresponding amide which acts as a coenzyme in pathways such as glycolysis. For 10 points, identify this compound whose deficiency is called pellagra, the third B vitamin.
Answer: niacin [or nicotinic acid; accept b3 until "third B vitamin"]
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Les Payne discussed this organization's inspiration from Regis Dubray's philosophy in the book "The Life and Death of" this organization. A cofounder of this group named Robyn Sue Steiner fled to England after a death threat from a member, and later that year their new leadership claimed responsibility for mistakenly thinking the school superintendant they killed, Marcus Foster, required student IDs. Kathleen Soliah was a member of this group who was arrested in 2001 for trying to bomb police cars, and her brother was given immunity when testifying in the murder case of Myrna Lee Opsahl, who was killed in a Carmichael (*) bank heist by members of this group. Four members, including group leader Donald DeFreeze, were killed in a house where tear gas caught on fire in South Central Los Angeles after the most bullet intensive shootout in American history, and the most famous member of this group was both put on a poster with a 7 headed cobra and took the name Tania, and was later pardoned by Bill Clinton for her role in a bank robbery. For 10 points, name this 1970s organization that kidnapped Patty Hearst.
Answer: Symbionese Liberation Army [or SLA]
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One of this author's characters is the namesake of a John Barth character who suffers from a disease called cosmopsis, the protagonist of The End of the Road. This author's first play opens in the "gripe's house, in the evening" with Lady Flippant bitching about her good-for-nothing husband to Mrs. Joyner, and a better-known work by this author contains the common women Mrs. Flirt and Mrs. Flounce and centers on Mr. (*) Gerard's sexual liberation of a cloistered-off 14 year old girl. In addition to writing Love in a Wood and the aforementioned play based on a Calderon work in which Hippolyta and her fiancee escape to France, The Gentleman Dancing Master, this author wrote a play in which a page sent by one character turns out to be a woman, causing the protagonist to forget Vernish and Olivia, and a play "cleaned up" by David Garrick in which Harcourt and Alithea end up together while Margery is seduced by a man pretending to be a eunuch, Harry Horner. For 10 points, name this Restoration dramatist of The Plain Dealer and The Country Wife.
Answer: William Wycherley
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One of this man's enemies was deposed by the Synod of Tyre after refusing to reconcile this man with the church as ordered by the Emperor. Jehovah's Witnesses view him as a forerunner to Charles Russell. Dying before he could receive his mandated communion from Alexander of Constantine, this man defended himself in a series of popular songs known as his Thalia. His writings were burned when he was banished to Illyricum, and most of his ideas are in concert with his ally Meletius. Integrating Neo-Platonism with a literal reading of the New Testament, his ideas were rejected and replaced with a creed associated with Athanasius. For 10 points, name this man who believed that Christ was only a creation of God and not truly divine and whose heresy was discussed at Nicaea.
Answer: Arius
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100 Nazi-sponsored activists that campaigned against this country's government were led by Ernst Neumann and Theodor von Sass. It saw a massive book-smuggling operation carried out by Masiulis and Bielinis in response to a Konstantin Kaufman ban of the use of the Latin alphabet by this country's language, and while serving as ambassador to this country, Chiune Sugihara issued thousands of passports to Jews. One prime minister of this nation from the Peasant Populist Party here, Kazys Grinius, was deposed in a coup led by Augustinas Voldemaras and the former head of the Taryba, Antanas (*) Smetona. This country was led by the one-time fascist Iron Wolf party and had much earlier won the Battle of Saule under the leadership of Mindaugas and fought a civil war after signing a treaty with the Teutonic Knights, which resulted in the crowning of Vytautas the Great. For 10 points, name this Baltic nation which united with Poland at the Union of Lublin.
Answer: Lithuania
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A similarity law for this process was one result of the Higashi and Corte experiment. The velocity profile of a deposit of this type is given by the product of the constant gamma, acceleration due to gravity, the sine of the slope angle, vertical distance and the exponential of negative k times vertical distance, all divided by apparent viscosity. Jeffery's Theory describes the motion of particles during this process. (*) Nearly vertical particle cohesion consolidation may induce one of its retrograde versions. Its most common form is a plastic deformation process constrained by segregation layers involving pore-pressure induced shearing. In aerial view, evidence of it includes ploughing erratics or a series of interconnected turf-banked lobes or terraces commonly forming a half-crown structure around hillocks or drumlins. For 10 points, name this type of mass wasting, in which concentration of water in the surface areas of periglacial environments leads to downslope flow in permafrost.
Answer: gelifluction [or solifluction; prompt on "frost creep" or similar until "plastic deformation"]
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One legend claims that this building's construction was delayed for centuries because its architect was unable to stop a rival from building a water works. Its older bells include Pretiosa and Spesiosa, though its St. Peter's bell is the largest free-swinging one in the world. One relic in this church features a bust of Rainald of Dassel, and an altarpiece depicting the adoration of the Magi by Stephen Lochner rests in this building's St. (*) Mary's Chapel. One sculpture shows Mary holding a scepter in one hand and was purchased from its namesake city, and besides the Milan Madonna another relic shows a radiating sun behind a crucified Christ. In addition to housing the Gero Crucifix, this church is traditionally believed to house the bones of the Magi within its Shrine of the Three Kings, and it boasts the largest facade of any church owing to its enormous twin spires. For 10 points, identify this cathedral located in a namesake city on the Rhine.
Answer: Cologne Cathedral [or Kolner Dom]
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In one section of this poem, its speaker addresses the title subject as a "messenger of sympathies" and a "wax and wane in lovers' eyes." The names of "Demon, Ghost, and Heaven" remain from a "vain endeavor" in this poem, in which the speaker later recalls "[calling] on poisonous names with which our youth is fed." The speaker urges the title entity to stay "lest the grave should be/like life and fear, a dark reality" in a section urging it to "depart not," and earlier it is suggested that that departure brought "this dim vast vale of tears, vacant and desolate." One stanza of this poem is focused on the speaker's (*) boyhood pursuit of ghosts and in its end "the day becomes more solemn and serene." In the opening of this poem influenced by Julie, or the New Heloise, the titular entity "visits with inconstant glance/Each human heart and countenance" like "summer winds that creep from flower to flower," and "floats though unseen among us." Opening with the titular "awful shadow of some unseen Power," for 10 points, name this ode by Percy Bysshe Shelley.
Answer: "Hymn to Intellectual Beauty"
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In Jamacia Kincaid's Autobiography of My Mother, the protagonisat, Xuela, marries a doctor with this name, and in Fuentes's Terra Nostra, a character by this name is intent on constructing a building that will contain all of space and time. Jusepe de Ribera depicted the saint with this name being hoisted up onto a crucifix as a man in red restrains his leg, and a Duke with this name established the Order of the Golden Fleece and was a patron of Rogier van der Weyden. Satan takes on this name while traveling the world in (*) Twain's "The Mysterious Stranger." A fictionalized ruler with this name appoints Crespo to the title position in The Mayor of Zalamea, while an actual ruler with this name ordered the arrest of the Knights Templar and was the father of Louis X. For 10 points, identify this name shared by a king of France called "The Fair" as well as that guy who wrote American Pastoral.
Answer: Philip
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A domain present in these proteins and primases has a structure similar to a Rossman fold. Anti-cancer drugs such as anthracyclines and acridines are thought to stabilize the complex formed by this protein and its substrate, while a more popular inhibitor of these enzymes is the alkaloid camptothecin. One type of these, which exhibits ATPase activity, initially binds to the Gate segment, after which the T segment (*) moves through the central cavity while the substrate is rigidly held, while type I of these enzymes allow for rotation and re-ligation after proceeding through a phospho-tyrosine intermediate. The first example of it was discovered in E. Coli and was called gyrase. For 10 points, identify these enzymes which change their substrate's linking number, one of which relieves positive and negative supercoiling by cutting and reconnecting DNA.
Answer: topoisomerases
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One song on this album discusses Frances, "who likes to take chances/ when her husband's at work, she does me dirty dances" and the narrator announces that he is a "pussy surveyor." That song samples Jimmy Hendrix's "Voodoo Child," and this album had a clean version that included a cover of the Bill Dees and Roy Orbison penned "Oh, Pretty Woman" that spawned the supreme court case Cambell vs. Acuff Rose Music. One song on this album was dedicated to a sex position that "ain't the 69 or what you learned in class," while another is entitled "The Fuck Shop." Along with (*) "My Seven Bizzos," "Dirty Nursery Rhymes," and "Put It In the Buck," this album had a single that opens with dialogue from Full Metal Jacket, the movie that also spawned its refrain, where Brother Marquis and Fresh Kid Ice both announce "I'm like a dog in heat, a freak without warning." Also including music from Mr. Mixx and Luke, this album was banned in Florida until the Supreme Court overturned the ruling. For 10 points, name this album that includes songs like "Dick Almighty" and "Me So Horny," the bestselling record by 2 Live Crew.
Answer: As Nasty As They Wanna Be [prompt on "As Clean As They Wanna Be"]
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This work's fourth section cites Scotus Erigena as having misattributed Socrates's death as having come from a lost debate with Helleborus and notes that successively refined determinations of the speed of light ought to converge. This work's third section in turn considers the denotations of "weight," "force," and "path," leading to an explanation of a method for considering acceleration through vector addition the author calls the "parallelogram of forces," which is followed by a comparison of a French phrase and its English equivalent. By considering a tune that consists of a series of notes, only one of which may be perceived at once, this essay distinguishes between what we are immediately and mediately conscious of. The author claims that an old twofold doctrine, which he calls an "ornament of logic," ought to be relegated to a "cabinet of curiosities," and, using the example of communion wine, proposes that the conception of an object's practical effects being the whole conception of the object constitutes the rule for conveying the "third grade of clearness of apprehension." For 10 points, identify this essay by the author of "The Fixation of Belief," Charles Sanders Pierce.
Answer: How to Make Our Ideas Clear
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One work in this collection has a repeat sign in one voice an extra 16th note later, and has the main theme played in half time by the treble voice while the alto key signature for that part is upside down. In addition to that movement, labeled "a 2 Per motum contrarium," one movement is labeled "Fuga canonica in Epidiapente" despite not having a truly fugal opening, and the main theme in all these works begins with C-E flat-G-A flat-B natural half notes. It has a section labeled "Canones diversi" that include one for 2 violins in unison, and its 6 part ricercare was orchestrated by Anton von Webern. It includes a canone perpetuo and a trio sonata, both for violin, flute, and basso continuo, and is the second to last work in the BWV catalog, preceeding (*) The Art of the Fugue. For 10 points, name this collection of variations on a theme by King Frederick the Great by J.S. Bach.
Answer: The Musical Offering [or Ein Musikalisches Opfer]
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This prime minister supported Lord Landsdowne's move to create a committee on free trade, and one scandal during his ministry occurred with the passing of a Bill of Pains and Penalties against a figure whose name had earlier been removed from the liturgy. This man's increase on the tax on newspapers was opposed by Robert Carlile and Henry Hetherington, and the growth of the Hampden club movement led to him suspending habeas corpus. While foreign secretary this man had negotiated the Treaty of (*) Amiens, and while PM he established the gold standard, opposed the slave trade, and passed the Six Acts. Arthur Thistlewood attempted to kill important ministers of this man like Lord Sidmouth and George Canning in the Cato Street Conspiracy. Becoming Prime Minister after Spencer Perceval was shot, his term included the Peterloo massacre. For 10 points, name this Tory who led Britain during the defeat of Napoleon and the Congress of Vienna.
Answer: Lord Liverpool [or Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd earl of Liverpool]
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This thinker revised his opinion on Henry Hobson Richardson in his second book on architecture, observing that his attacks against new building types like the railroad station made him the "originating genius" of modern architecture. This author of Sticks and Stones and The Brown Decades wrote about the spread of "purposeless materialism" due to the title features, which, like poems, are "creatures of thought" and supposed that Cubism was the first movement not to associate the title features with ugliness. This author also expressed concern that "post-historic man" might give in to "pneumatic bliss" and favor the automatism of an "underground control center" over what had previously been "organic" and "personal" before considering the two poles of movement and settlement in "Animal Promptings and Foreshadowings," the second chapter of his most famous work, which complements another that begins with the moment that time became fungible, the development of the clock. For 10 points, name this author of Technics and Civilization who considered "The Myth of Megalopolis" as well as the "Crystallization" of the title entity in The City in History.
Answer: Lewis Mumford
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This author discussed a return trip from New York to Le Havre in My Discovery of America. The speaker of one of his poems will "delightfully retch in your face" and is the "sounds squanderer and words profligate." This author of "Take That!" published his first two poems in A Slap in the Face of Public Taste and wrote a play with a cast of six devils, seven saints, and seven pairs of the clean and unclean. A speaker of one of his poems will give a "final, farewell (*) concert," and play his flute on his backbone, and in a delirious work set in Odessa, the speaker is spurned by the married Maria. In addition to Mystery-Bouffe, his plays include one in which a time machine brings the Phosphorescent Woman from 2030, The Bathhouse, and one in which the Director of the Zoo cages Ivan Prisypkin and the title insect. For 10 points, name this Russian Futurist author of "A Cloud in Trousers" and The Bedbug.
Answer: Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky
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Two bulk mechanisms for the quantum-confined version of this effect complement an interface-based mechanism as the value of the envelope function changes, thereby changing the value of the overlap integral. Zinc oxide wurtzite-like crystalline films demonstrate a "giant" form of this effect, (*) which has been observed in water at the EDL, or electric double layer, on the interface between the water and an electrode. This effect is used in materials like potassium titanyl phosphate to make namesake modulators found in Q-switching lasers, since they serve as voltage-controlled wave plates; those cells require a smaller voltage than analogous constructs using nitrotoluene. This effect may only occur in crystals that lack an inversion center, unlike the closely analogous Kerr effect. For 10 points, name this phenomenon, which occurs when an electric field induces a linear, not quadratic, birefringence.
Answer: Pockels effect
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This ruler's predecessor won the Battle of Maritsa, after which the fealty of Constantine Draga? and his companion King Marko would be assured; both died fighting for this man at the Battle of Rovine, which this ruler fought against Mircea cel Batran. This ruler built the Anadoluhisari in preparation for one siege, and after the death of his son Musa at the Battle of Despotovac, this ruler acknowledged the autonomy of Stefan Lazarevic's kingdom. This man built the Grand Mosque of Bursa to celebrate a victory wherein he crushed the forces of (*) Sigismund of Hungary at the Battle of Nicopolis, ending a crusade started after this man unsuccessfully sieged Constantinople. This man's reign was followed by a twelve year power struggle known as the Interregnum before the confirmation of Mehmet I as sultan. This loser of the Battle of Ankara met his end in captivity, where he was supposedly used as a footstool by Tamerlane. For 10 points, name this successor to Murad I, the Ottoman sultan from 1389 to 14
Answer: Bayezid I [or Bayezid Yildirim; or Bayezid the Thunderbolt]
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Minor characters in this work include the assistant manager at Keating and Bradley Sanitary Engineers, William Olafson, and a man who killed his abusive father and eventually jumps off a bridge, Bud Korpenning. Another character in this novel drunkenly marries the slatternly Pearline then dies after setting his own apartment on fire out of shame. That character, (*) Stan Emery, had previously knocked up a woman married to the homosexual actor John Oglethorpe. Events are set in motion in this novel after a train accident involving the milkman Gus McNiel, who later runs for mayor against his lawyer. The protagonist and his wife Ellen work for the Red Cross in Europe during World War I but drift apart upon their return, leading her to accept the proposal of the unscrupulous lawyer George Baldwin. Ending with the protagonist walking down a highway away from New York City, this is, for 10 points, what novel about the reporter Jimmy Herf by Jon Dos Passos?
Answer: Manhattan Transfer
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One figure in this myth system assists the depilation by tweezers of several figures by holding up a mirror, and another is an infernal deity that receives child sacrifices and brings nightmares. This mythology contains a demon with a vulture-like beak and snake hair that presides over a board game and is named Tuchulcha. One indigenous god of this people wears a conical hat, wields an axe, and serves as a forge figure, while a creature with eyes on its wings in this myth system guides the deceased to the underworld wielding a torch. In addition to (*) Sethlans and Vanth, this mythology contains the winged deity Svutaf and two characters who founded twelve cities, as well as a plant god of revelry, Fufluns. Most of the deities in this myth system were alluded to in the Piacenza Liver, and its underworld is governed by Aita. Its chief trinity consists of Uni, Menrva, and its chief scepter-wielding deity, Tinia. For 10 points, name this system of beliefs held by an Italic culture that was defeated at the battle of Veii by the Romans.
Answer: Etruscan mythology
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Ten million guelders were exchanged for Maastricht in one treaty of this name, which confirmed the Treaty of Muenster in granting the United Provinces sovereignty over the Scheldt Estuary. In another treaty of this name, Louis XV granted troops from the Irish regiments to serve under Charles Edward Stuart. One treaty by this name proved inconsequential when Gustavus Adolphus kicked the shit out of Bavaria despite a secret French alliance, and a later treaty here established the Kingdom of Algarve as part of a three-way partition of Portugal following the (*) Peninsular War. Another treaty of this name resulted in a rebellion that was suppressed by Alejandro O'Reilly after the power transfer of a polity governed by Charles Philippe Aubry from France to Spain in 1762; that transferred polity being Louisiana. Another treaty of this name ceded three duchies to Empress Marie-Louise and mandated exile in Elba for Napoleon. For 10 points, name this location that also saw an edict by Louis XIV that revoked the Edict of Nantes.
Answer: Fontainebleau
 
2009 Chicago Open Bonuses by Incarcerated Scarfaces
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This film opens with the narrator preparing for her stepfather's funeral, where she ends up throwing chairs at his grave. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this movie where Dede Truitt runs away to her gay half-brother Bill before announcing she is pregnant and marrying his gay lover Matt. Bill's former student Jason cooks up a sex scandal to find Matt.
Answer: The Opposite of Sex
[10] Dede Truitt was played by this actress, who as a child actress played Wednesday in The Addams Family and Kat in Casper. As an adult she's played Katrina von Tassel alongside Johnny Depp, and Rae in Black Snake Moan.
Answer: Christina Ricci
[10] This man played Dede's gay half brother Bill, and has more recently gone on to play Nancy Botwin's secret husband, DEA agent Peter Scottson, before he got killed off on Weeds.
Answer: Martin Donovan
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This figure has a jeweled spear with which he enjoys killing people, and he's the only earthly deity to be given the epithet okami. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this ruddy faced earth kami who greets Ninigi when he descends from Takamagahara. He's also the patron of martial arts.
Answer: Sarutahiko-Okami
[10] This other kami is in charge of dancing and merriment and lures Amaterasu out from her hiding place after Susano'o throws a horse in her house. This kami is married to Sarutahiko.
Answer: Ame-no-Uzume
[10] This androgynous kami may actually be the conflation of anywhere between three and five other deities. Its responsibilities include rice and fertility.
Answer: Inari
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His essay Meat Out of the Eater suggested that suffering would make one better able to receive a blessing. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this minister from Malden who also wrote "God's Controversy With New England."
Answer: Michael Wigglesworth
[10] In this Wigglesworth work, written in verse called "fourteeners," is an instructional work on how to be righteous. It states that "At Christ's right hand the Sheep do stand, / his holy Martyrs," in contrast with theless-virtuous goats.
Answer: The Day of Doom
[10] This other author wrote an epitaph on Wigglesworth in which he says that "He to his paradise is joyful come/And waits with joy to see his Day of Doom. He also wrote The Negro Christianized and Wonders of the Invisible World.
Answer: Cotton Mather
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Answer some questions about a reaction in organometallic chemistry, for 10 points each.,
[10] Aryl compounds may be coupled to boronic acids in this reaction, a more biologically safe analogue of the Stille reaction, which uses tin.
Answer: Suzuki coupling
[10] The Suzuki coupling is catalyzed by this metal, which is also used with carbon to hydrogenate alkenes, as well as in the Heck reaction.
Answer: palladium
[10] Tsuji and Fujihara have developed palladium catalyzed routes for carbosilations and other reactions under this condition. A boron-zirconium complex is a hot area of research for achieving this condition in the Ziegler-Natta polymerization.
Answer: homogeneous catalysis [accept anything that implies that the catalyst and substrate are in the same physical phase]
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His emphasis on cylindrical forms in works like The Railway Crossing lead one critic to deride his style as "Tubism." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this french cubist who painted scattered metallic forms crowding around a gaming table in his 1917 rendition of The Card Players.
Answer: Fernand Leger
[10] Leger is perhaps best-known for this depiction of an unnamed metropolis. A purple column dominates the right side, while tic-tac-toe patterns can be seen on the scaffolding on the left.
Answer: The City
[10] As part of the Puteaux Group Leger worked closely with this eldest brother of Marcel and Raymond Duchamp. Taking his pseudonym from a medieval poet, this prominent user of drypoint painted such works as La femme en rouge and The Dining Table.
Answer: Jacques Villon or Gaston Duchamp
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This work was adapted from a poem about a Chinese man who solves a mystery, "Plain Language from Truthful James." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play subtitled "the Heathen Chinee," a collaboration between Mark Twain and Bret Harte. It is better remembered for Twain's speech about its instructional value in introducing a certain game to thechildren in the audience.
Answer: Ah Sin
[10] The title character of this unfinished Twain novella befriends the church organist's son Theodor Fischer and Nikolaus Bauman, who later drowns.
Answer: The Mysterious Stranger, a Romance
[10] This Twain novel, a collaboration with Charles Dudley Warner, was adapted into a play named for Colonel Sellers, the character who invites Squire Hawkins and his wife Nancy to move to Missouri.
Answer: The Gilded Age
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This ruler worked with missionary Horace G. Underwood and nurse Annie Ellers to establish separate prestigious academies for boys and girls. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this wife of King Gojong and victim to the Eulmi Incident who allotted a separate "American farm," reorganized the bureaucracy, sent her relative on the "American Expedition" and dealt with fallout from an 1882 insurrection.
Answer: Empress Myeongseong [or Queen Min]
[10] Empress Myeongseong was a late ruler of this long lasting Korean dynasty that ended with a 1910 Japanese annexation. It also featured Admiral Yi's leadership during one of two failed attempts to end it in the 1590s.
Answer: Joseon Dynasty [or Chosun Dynasty; or Choson Dynasty]
[10] This fourth king of the Joseon Dynasty led the Gihae Eastern Expedition against Tsushima pirates and concluded the Treaty of Gyehae, but is best remembered for his patronage of inventor Jang Yeong-sil and codification of hangul.
Answer: Sejong the Great [prompt on Grand Prince Chungnyeong]
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Its first chapter refers to its subject's "Consciousness of Time" and details the emergence of Western culture's understanding of the title concept through the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this work, which also discusses the aesthetics Nietzsche "transposes into the archaic," written by a critical theorist also known for The Inclusion of the Other.
Answer: The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity: Twelve Lectures [or Der Philosophische Diskurs der Moderne: Zwolf Vorlesungen]
[10] Name that critical theorist, who also had some well-known arguments with Derrida and is best known for The Theory of Communicative Action.
Answer: Jurgen Habermas
[10] The Theory of Communicative Action posits three forms of discourse in addition to simple "verbal argument:" the explicative, the aesthetic, and this form, which is intended to clarify self-deceptions.
Answer: therapeutic
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From 1928 to 1936, the Freethinkers' Party that this man established routinely earned less than 10% of the votes in his country's elections. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this leader whose mortal enemy was probably the KKE and who exiled George Papandreou to Andros, the head of the 4th of August Regime and fascist leader of Greece.
Answer: Ioannis Metaxas
[10] Greeks today celebrate "Okhi Day" due to Metaxas's curt reply of "no" to this fascist leader who responded by invading Albania. This leader concluded the Lateran Treaty and led a March on Rome before allying with Hitler.
Answer: Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini
[10] Metaxas also ordered the construction of his namesake line of fortresses along the Bulgarian border, which was breached by this German field marshal, who also assisted Guderian in the assault on Poland and led Army Group A in the "Code Blue" offensive against southern Russia.
Answer: Siegmund Wilhelm List
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Its namesake "min-cut" theorem refers to the fact that this problem is equivalent to finding the minimum source-to-sink cut. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this problem on directed graphs, where each edge is given a capacity.
Answer: max flow [accept equivalents]
[10] This most common algorithm for solving max flow has complexity equal to the number of edges times the max flow.
Answer: Ford-Fulkerson algorithm
[10] This multiphase algorithm constructs layered graphs, performing a breadth-first search on the residual graph, calculating the max flow in O of VE time. The "dynamic tree" example is a faster version, operating in O of E log V time.
Answer: Dinitz blocking flow algorithm
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He combined "warm" and "cold" intervals in his Mi-Parti. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this composer of three Chains and Venetian Games.
Answer: Witold Lutoslawski
[10] This Lutoslawski composition opens with a pounding F-sharp in the timpani. Another work with this oxymoronic title parodies the 'invasion theme' from Shostakovich's Leningrad Symphony in its fourth movement, while the best-known one is a five-movement work by Bela Bartok.
Answer: Concerto for Orchestra
[10] This other Polish composer's Beatus Vir was composed in honor of Pope John Paul II. His Symphony of Sorrowful Songs is Kwartler's favorite piece of classical music.
Answer: Henryk Gorecki
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He analyzed one work by the developer of a namesake criterion for voting method in his Condorcet on the Progress of the Human Mind. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this author who wrote Totemism and Exogamy as well as Myths of the Origin of Fire.
Answer: Sir James George Frazer
[10] This is Frazer's best known work, a comparative analysis of mythology.
Answer: The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion
[10] This Frazer work considers such themes as "the raven as a bird of prey" and the role of the brook Cherith in chapter 14, Elijah and the Ravens, while Part IV, on "The Law," considers issues like "The Book of the Covenant" and "The Deuteronomic Code."
Answer: Folk-lore in the Old Testament: studies in comparative religion, legend, and law
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This onetime Massachusetts senator was sent as a diplomat to China by Abraham Lincoln, and after resigning, he made a tour of Western capitals to try fostering diplomatic relations between them and China. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this signer of a treaty with William Seward that guaranteed most-favored-nation treatment of citizens of America visiting China and vice versa.
Answer: Anson Burlingame
[10] This American naval leader's actions, such as sailing into Tokyo bay and demanding Japan open its ports to the west in 1853, led to the signing of the treaty of Kanagawa between America and Japan.
Answer: Commodore Matthew Perry
[10] Soon after the First Opium War, this man negotiated most-favored-nation status with China for the first time in the Treaty of Wanghia. The senate rejected him multiple times as Tyler's nominee for Secretary of the Treasury, and he later served as Attorney General under Pierce.
Answer: Caleb Cushing
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This thinker published an early work on the scientific method, but he may be better known for his work The State in Relation to Labour. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this economist who received public accolades for his work on the conservation of an important British natural resource, The Coal Question.
Answer: William Stanley Jevons
[10] One of Jevons' most important contributions to economic theory was his explanation of this concept, which he thought decreased for a good as the number of previously owned units of that good increased for each individual consumer.
Answer: utility
[10] Jevons also wrote a paper relating sunspots to business cycles, a concept that can be explained by these 45 to 60 year supercycles, named for the author of The Major Cycles of the Conjecture.
Answer: Kondratiev waves
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This author created the hated Florentine advisor Lorenzaccio in one play and also wrote The Moods of Marianne. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this French author of Stories of Spain and Italy and October Night, who wrote about the budding love between a Marquise and Duke in his A Door Must Be Open or Shut.
Answer: Alfred Louis Charles de Musset-Pathay
[10] Musset is often attributed authorship of this erotic novel, in which an anonymous male spends a night relating sexual encounters with apes and donkeys with Fanny and the title lesbian, thought to be a depiction of Musset's lover George Sand.
Answer: Gamiani, or Two Nights of Excess [or Gamiani, ou deux nuits d'exces]
[10] Musset was criticized for "clos[ing] his eyes" before true artistic vision in Letters of a Seer by this French poet, who collected forty prose poems in Illuminations and, if my memory serves me well, wrote A Season in Hell.
Answer: Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Common examples of this behavior feature prairie dogs screaming, drawing a predator's attention but also alerting nearby organisms of the predator's presence. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this general behavior, in which an organism sacrifices its own fitness to favor the success of a group.
Answer: altruism
[10] The form of altruism called kin selection is mathematically described by this rule, which suggests that it if the degree of relatedness times the perceived benefit of altruism is greater than the "cost" of the altruistic deed.
Answer: Hamilton's rule
[10] In The Selfish Gene, Richard Dawkins built upon Hamilton's idea for this effect, wherein a namesake phenotypic feature is possessed by an individual which is recognized by another individual and causes the second individual to exhibit preferential behavior.
Answer: a green beard gene [or green beard effect]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This legate accompanied Julius Severus in the capture of cities like Kabul during the quelling of the Bar Kokhba Revolt. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Roman British governor of Numidian origin who campaigned against the northern Brigantes and led the Second Legion Augusta in defeating Scottish tribes about Old Kilpatrick and other posts along a certain fortification.
Answer: Quintus Lollius Urbicus
[10] That fortification is a wall more than 130 miles from Hadrian's wall named after this fourth of the Five Good Emperors, a well-liked fellow who tried to get Hadrian deified and flooded beleaguered Roman provinces and cities with money.
Answer: Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus [accept Antoninus Pius]
[10] After the construction of the Antonine Wall, Lollius Urbicus focused his campaign against this Scottish confederation that included the Novantae and resided in the Dumfries and Galloway peninsulas beyond the wall.
Answer: Maeatae [or Miathi]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
His early discography includes Picasso and an album in which he "flies high." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this pioneer of the tenor saxophone who toured with Fletcher Henderson's big band from 1923 to 1924 and was sometimes nicknamed the "Bean."
Answer: Coleman Hawkins
[10] Hawkins turned this Heyman, Sour, Eyton, and Green composition into a jazz standard, with accompaniment from Gene Rodgers, and it also titled a later compilation album by him.
Answer: "Body and Soul"
[10] Hawkins collaborated with many of the other big stars of the day but had only one joint session with this clarinetist, whose own output includes "Sing, Sing, Sing."
Answer: Benny Goodman
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
English lessons, but his plan goes awry when she becomes a dominatrix and sexiles him for several hours for her affairs.,
[10] In this work, Joji plans to make the title whitewashed woman into an embodiment of Mary Pickford, paying for her
Answer: Naomi [or Chijin no Ai; or A Fool's Love]
[10] This Tanizaki story is written entirely in the form of diary entries by an unnamed professor and his wife Ikuko, who absolutely loathe each other and write with the expectation that they will come upon each other's written accounts.
Answer: The Key [or Kagi]
[10] In this novel, the sterile "one hundred percent safe playboy" Watanuki is set to marry Mitsuko, who earlier undergoes a passionate lesbian affair with Sonoko and commits suicide by poisoning her sleeping powder.
Answer: Quicksand [or Manji]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It arose from the kT over 2 assumption of the equipartition theorem. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this classical physics problem predicting an infinite power emission for an ideal black-body based on the prediction that the square of the frequency would be equal to the number of nodes in a cavity.
Answer: ultraviolet catastrophe, or Rayleigh-Jeans catastrophe
[10] The value of the black-body maximum, which is given by setting the derivative of the Planck radiation law equal to zero, yields this relation, which states that the peak wavelength times T equals approximately 2.898 times 10 to the negative 3.
Answer: Wien's Displacement Law
[10] Stochastic electrodynamics is a framework that would attempt to explain effects of quantum field theory via the random interactions of fundamental particles with the zero-point field, including this effect, in which an accelerating observer sees a black-body spectrum though a stationary observer doesn't.
Answer: Unruh effect

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