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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Chicago Open Tossups by In Vinokurov Veritas
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This work's chapter on "The Object Forms," contains a derivation of place identity known as "Plid," while an earlier section approvingly cites Ernst Cassirer in support of the assertion that "characterizing unique entities through contexts of laws," requires relational concepts. Essential relations are held to be the domain of metaphysics in this work, whose sections "About Mind-Body Dualism," and "The Nature of the Intentional Relation," are contained in its last chapter, "Clarification of Some Philosophical Problems." At the outset of this work, the author claims that "there is only one domain of objects, and therefore only one science," and that section lays out a plan for creating a "costruictional system of objects." That system is outlined in the books fourth section, which concerns autopsychological, physical, and cultural objects, and this work's final section on the "Aims and Limits of Science," claims that science has no limits and references Moritz Schlick's distinction between metaphysics and knowledge, holding that the former consist of things that are not definable through constructable concepts. For ten points, identify this work strongly influenced by its author's participation in the Vienna Circle, the magnum opus of Rudolf Carnap.
Answer: The Logical Structure of the World
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One character in this work expresses fear at being alone with another character and his big staff, which that character claims comes from Ygddrasil. The title character of this work visits the Cathedral of the Sacred Thorn in Cameliard in a chapter entitled "Efficacy of Prayer," and in a chapter about the "Economics of" the title character, he declines to sleep with a woman that he has been pursuing. At one point in this work, the title character is disappointed to learn that Helen is married to Achilles, but nevertheless goes to Pseudopolis, and in the next chapter that character marries the Hamadryad Chloris. In a chapter concerning "What Grandfather Satan Reported," the title character is surprised to learn that Satan's wife doesn't understand him either, and in the penultimate chapter, the title character trades the shirt of Nessus to Koschei the Deathless for the freedom of his wife, whose talking Koschei cannot stand. Set in the fictional realm of (*) Poictesme, for 10 points, identify this novel in which the title character visits the underworld in search of his wife Dame Lisa, the most famous work of James Branch Cabell.
Answer: Jurgen
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In deriving the partial wave expansion for scattering theory, this theorem is applied to the transition operator, and it can be used to simplify the integral of three spherical harmonics through a special case of it known as Gaunt's formula. One of its namesakes discussed this theorem in a seminal paper titled "The Application of Group theory to the Quantum Dynamics of Monatomic Systems," and a simplified version of this theorem from physics is known as the (*) projection theorem, which is used to derive a generalization of the Lande g-factor. In this theorem, the right hand side of the equality consists of two factors, one of which represents a Clebsch-Gordon coefficient while the other refers to the system dynamics, and this theorem can also be written in terms of one of its namesake's eponymous 3j symbol. For 10 points, identify this doubly-eponymous theorem which yields the matrix elements of tensor operators with respect to angular momentum eigenstates, and is partly named for a man who also names a unit cell with Seitz, as well as a thought experiment involving his namesake friend.
Answer: Wigner-Eckhart theorem
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This polity's important deities include the creator siblings Mawu and Lisa, and its several thunder gods included Xeviso. This polity was home to an annual festival in which criminals hear messages to the dead and are then sacrificed, and in this kingdom, every male official had a female counterpart that would report on his activities to the king. This kingdom conquered the Kingdom of (*) Wiyadh, and one king of this polity conquered Allada, giving them access to the coast. This kingdom became a tribute state of the Oyo kingdom during the reign of Agadja, but this kingdom managed to repulse Oyo under a leader who overthrew Andazon and rasied funds through the slave trade, named Ghezo. This kingdom was defeated by Alfred-Amedee Dodds during a war against the French Third Republic, and one group of soldiers from this polity was an all-female force called the Mino, or Amazons. Largely consisting of the Fon people, for 10 points, name this kingdom with capital at Agbome, located in modern-day Benin.
Answer: Dahomey
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In the Sarvastivada theory of this concept, it is divided into 72 formed types and three unformed ones, resulting in 75 total instances of it. The Madhyamaka school denies that any instances of this concept are real, while the Theravada theory of this concept is discussed in such texts as the Dhatukatha, or The Discussion of Elements. Mahayana Buddhism contrasts the kaya or "body" of this concept with the rupakaya, or the physical body, and this doctrine gives its name to a monk who made 48 vows before becoming the Amitabha Buddha. The practice of this (*) Buddhist doctrine is outlined in the monastic instructions called the Vinaya, while its practical applications together with rules, are discussed in the Pratimoksha, and this term also applies to those rules. This doctrine was the subject of the Buddha's first sermon, which concerns turning its namesake wheel, and in addition to Buddha and sangha, this concept forms the third of the Three Jewels of Buddhism. For 10 points, identify this Buddhist religious term which is most commonly used to refer to natural law.
Answer: dharma
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This artist showed a small man with a red straw hat standing in the middle of a circle of four tall dancers on the right of his painting The Chinese Dance, and his portrait The Milliner (The Morning) is part of a series commissioned by the Swiss ambassador Count Tessin depicting the four times of day. He depicted Apollo driving a chariot of four white horses to meet Tethys and the Nereids in one of his two companion pieces found in the Wallace Collection, The Setting of the Sun, In the poem "Asides on the Oboe," Wallace Stevens wrote of the "gods" that this artist "killed." He was criticized for the (*) "porcelain heads" of portraits such as The Blonde Odalisque, but he gained notoriety for a painting of two characters from Jerusalem Delivered. A bronze vase is lying atop blue flowers while a cherub is picking up a string of perarls from a half-shell tray at the bottom of a portrait by this artist in which a woman is being attended by three cherubs during her morning preparation. For 10 points, name this Rococo artist best known for The Toilet of Venus and painting several portraits of Madame de Pompadour.
Answer: Francois Boucher
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An internal version of this reaction can be used to synthesize mandelic acids from phenylglyoxal derivatives, while Curini and Rosati used ytterbium trifalte to combine it with an oxidation in a one-pot reaction. An asymmetric variation of this reaction uses phenylglyoxal, while a more interesting variant uses sacrificial paraformaldehyde to increase yield. Another variation using an alkoxide goes through a 1,3 (*)-hydride shift and is named for Tischenko, and one intermediate in this reaction contains a negative charge on two different oxygen atoms, which then undergoes hydride transfer with the original aldehyde to produce a pair of products. Originally discovered using benzaldehyde and hydroxide, For 10 points, name this reaction which produces an alcohol and carboxylic acid through disproportionation, named for an Italian.
Answer: Cannizzaro Reaction
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One section of this work discusses the Yoruban insult, "you don't know nine times nine" which means "you are an idiot" and that chapter opens by examining J. S. Mill's assertion in A System of Logic that "two and one are equal to three [expresses] . . . an inductive truth." In addition to "The Art of Counting," this book cites words meant to copy animal sounds such as "hiss" and "buzz" to demonstrate "emotional and imitative language." One section of this book discusses the practice of saying "God Bless You" after sneezing to demonstrate how the phrase is related to the ancient doctrine that sneezing makes one vulnerable to possession by evil spirits. This work discusses the children's game of playing with bow and arrow and the European practice of blood-letting as examples of its theory of "survivals," which are outdated practices that are retained despite being unnecessary. Building off research done for the author's first book Anahuac, this book is subtitled "Researches into the Development of Mythology, Philosophy, Religion, Art, and Custom." For 10 points, name this work of anthropology that argued "animism" was the first form of religion, written by Edward Tylor.
Answer: Primitive Culture
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One character in this work compares women to burs, as, "Where their affection throws them, there they'll stick," while another likens a slatternly maid to a walnut tree, claiming she "must be cudgell'd ere she bear good fruit." At one point in this play a ghost appears holding a pot of lilies containing a skull and throws dirt on a man disguised as Mulinassar. In this play's second scene a woman fabricates a dream set in a graveyard to incite her lover to murder her husband, which he does by pushing him off a vaulting-horse. That character is convicted of the murder and sentenced to confinement in a home for reformed prostitutes. A duel inspired by lust for (*) Zanche leads to the murder of Marcello by his brother Flamineo, who is later killed after a fake suicide pact backfires. The primary villain in this play is driven mad by a poisoned helmet, which allows Lodovico to exact revenge on a man who murdered his wife Isabella in order to facilitate his affair with the title character, Vittoria Corombona. For 10 points name this revenge play in which Duke Ursini of Brachiano is murdered, a work by John Webster.
Answer: The White Devil
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Contemporary chronicles of this battle were written by monks from the nearby monastery of Marchiennes and by Roger of Wendover. Prior to this battle, a siege of La Roche-au-Moine had been raised by forces under William des Roches. One commander in this battle was captured after making a last stand with a circle of seven hundred Brabancon pikemen, while one side gathered at Valenciennes before it. Initially one side's knights refused to engage with some mounted Soissons men-at-arms, while on the left wing of this battle Phillip of Dreux managed to capture (*) William Longsword. The loser of this battle, supported by Renaud of Boulogne and Ferrand of Flanders, was replaced by Frederick II Hohenstaufen and had been excommunicated by Pope Innocent III. This battle was fought in Flanders, and saw the forces of the Holy Roman Empire under Otto IV defeated by Philip Augustus. For 10 points, name this battle that resulted in England losing its territories in Anjou and Normandy, leading to the signing of the Magna Carta.
Answer: Battle of Bouvines
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One game developed by this company allows you to select seven different "Planet Runners" as a mercenary for a mining company, and another game developed by this company sees Emperor Zizzy Ballooba attempt to destroy the Earth. In addition to Shattered Steel and MDK2, this company is developing the "Eclipse Engine" for use in Dragon Age: Origins. Another game by this developer asks the player to choose between The Way of the Open Palm and The Way of the Closed Fist, and the protagonist is accompanied by Sagacious Zu and Dawn Star. Another game by this company sees the player cure the Wailing Death and defeat Morag inside the Source Stone and features the (*) Aurora toolset. This is more famous for a game in which the Reapers attempt to destroy all life with Saren's help, and another in which the player discovers that he is Darth Revan. For 10 points, name this game company famous for Jade Empire, Neverwinter Nights, depicting Commander Shepard in Mass Effect, and Knights of the Old Republic.
Answer: BioWare Corp
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This poet wrote about the lute that "under the dreamer's golden canopy" could "from its belly alone / give birth to you like a son" in the poem "A Lace Curtain Self-Destructs." One of this poet's speakers argues for the superiority of imagination to reality by noting, "My hunger, feasting on no present fruits / finds in their learned lack an equal zest" in a poem opening "My old books closed once more on Paphos' name," while his poem "Sea-Breeze" notably begins, "The flesh is sad, alas! And I have read all the books." The speaker of another poem asserts, "The Poet revives with a naked sword his age?even as Eternity brings him at last to Himself" while looking at a monument to that poet. This poet wrote the unfinished prose poem (*) Dice Thrown Never Will Annul Chance and the aforementioned "The Tomb of Edgar Poe," but his best known poem ends with the speaker lamenting, "Adieu, you two. I shall see the shade you are" after letting two nymphs he hoped to ravish escape. For 10 points, name this French poet of "The Afternoon of the Faun."
Answer: Stephane Mallarme
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One adherent of this artistic movement illustrated Blaise Cendrars' poem "The Prose of the Trans-Siberian and of Little Jehanne of France." It was adopted much later for a time by Romanian composer Iancu Dumitrescu, and the principles of this movement were applied to textiles and pottery by Sofia Terk. Musicologist Gabrielle Buffet was a brief participant in this movement, as were the Synchromists Patrick Bruce and Arthur Frost. This group's theories were expounded in the short-lived magazine Montjoie!, and its manifesto was translated for the magazine Der Sturm by Paul Klee. Characteristic works in the style of this movement include a series of "Fugal" pictures by Frantisek Kupka and two paintings of an American girl named Udnie by Francis (*) Picabia. This movement's most prominent figure created a notable series of paintings of the Eiffel tower, but most of his works in this style consist of numerous circles of color. Originally named by Guillaume Apollinaire, this is, for 10 points, what offshoot of cubism founded by Robert Delaunay and named for a mythical Greek musician?
Answer: Orphism
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This result names a complexity class whose central problem asks whether a function that takes n-bit strings to each other can return a string of all zeros or two inputs map to the same output, while Rhodes showed that this result has Chvatal Rank O(Log n). Thue used this result in order to prove the existence of auxiliary function as part of his proof of Siegel's lemma, (*) while applying it to the first 2N positive integers is used to prove Proizvolov's identity. This result can be used to show that for an irrational number q, the fractional parts generated by multiplying it by the set of integers are dense in [0, 1]. It can also be used to show that collisions in a hash table are inevitable, that two people in a party of n have the same number of friends present, and that at least two of any group of 3 people shares a gender. For 10 points, name this combinatorial principle that states if n+1 objects are placed in n boxes, one box has to have two items.
Answer: Pigeonhole Principle [or Dirichlet's Box Principle]
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The Storrow Committee was an unsuccessful attempt to avoid this event, which Francis Russell wrote about in A City in Terror. One official called this event "a crime against civilization," and it was partly inspired by the ineffectiveness of a Social Club which Frank McCarthy attempted to reform. This event led to a group of sailors stoning bystanders and smashing windows and a brief takeover by gangs, and it failed due to lack of support by the (*) Central Labor Union. Andrew J Peters called in a militia to handle this event, which eventually lead to the hiring of some one thousand veterans. This event occurred after Edwin Upton Curtis refused to adjust wages for inflation and recognize a union chartered by the AFL, and it notably propelled the governor to the vice presidential ticket under Warren G Harding. For 10 points, name this September 1919 event handled by Governor Calvin Coolidge, a strike involving law enforcement agents in an East Coast city.
Answer: Boston Police Strike
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Along with semaphorin F and delta-catenin, this protein is deleted in Cri-du-chat syndrome, and this molecule is targeted by Geron's GRN163 compound. The ELISA-based TRAPEZE assay is used to detect the activity of this protein, which can also be done using the TRAP assay. POT1 and TPP1 prime this enzyme's attachment after detaching from the (*) shelterin complex, and the DSB-associated MRE11-RAD50-NBS1 complex is required for the ALT pathway, whose action is parallel to the action of this enzyme. Factors that bind to G-quadruplexes also inhibit this protein, and this protein was originally discovered in cell-free extracts of Tetrahymena by Greider and Blackburn. Like a related protein, this protein contains a Finger, Palm, and Thumb domain, and its aberrant activation leads to abrogation of the Hayflick limit. Consisting of the TERT protein and a built-in RNA template, for 10 points, name this protein that is responsible for lengthening the ends of chromosomes.
Answer: Telomerase Reverse Transcriptase [accept TERT or hTERT until mention]
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One of these creatures was sired by Hamskerpnir and Gardrofa and is capable of flight, while another one of these creatures is borrowed by Skirnir during the wooing of Gerd and has bloody feet. In addition to Hofvarpnir, which accompanies Frigg's maidservant Gna, and Frey's Blodughofi, Dagr and Nott own another pair of these named Skinfaxi and Hrimfaxi, while Arvakr and Alsvidr are others that belong to Sol. Another one of these creatures is the grandfather of Grani, while the one living near (*) Himinbjorg and belonging to Heimdall is named Gulltoppr. A more famous one of these was given to Magni by Thor, and originally belonged to Hrungnir, named Gullfaxi. A more famous example of these creatures created the canyon Asbyrgi and was born after a making a wager involving the Sun, Moon, and Freya. FTP, name these creatures whose more famous examples include Svadilfari and Odin's eight-legged Sleipnir.
Answer: Horses [accept Horsies]
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In one episode from this novel a man buys a typewriter for a quarter then smashes it against the wall because it is too heavy to carry. The barber in this novel is considered an "unimpeachable authority" because he has read a book titled The Wandering Jew, and the part three begins with a letter written to him suggesting that he use his life savings to invest in a dubious restaurant scheme instead of getting a medical degree. The woman War Paint coerces her way into a relationship with the lecherous Blondie and is exiled after stabbing the main character's mistress Camilla, who is tricked into abandoning her mother by a man nicknamed Tenderfoot. Pancracio and Anastasio Montanez are members of the protagonist's (*) army, which wins a famous victory at Zacatecas after the intellectual Luis Cervantes convinces the protagonist to join the forces of General Natera and Pancho Villa. For 10 points, name this novel about Demetrio Macias's actions during the Mexican Revolution, written by Mariano Azuela.
Answer: The Underdogs [or Los De Abajo]
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This man created a system of horse breeding that gave horses to civilian families to take care of in order to deal with an export embargo, and this man published a dictionary entitled Explanations of Characters. This man's rudimentary work was collected in his "Thousand Word Memorial," and was responsible for eliminating rote memorizations of the classics and poetry composition from the national academy. This man was partially inspired by the 10-point memorial and Qingli reforms of Fan Zhongyan, and also created the baojia system to organize the military and called for the elimination of private monopolies, setting up one of the earliest approximations of a welfare state. This man's (*) New Policies were opposed by Su Dongpo and Ouyang Xiu, and eventually the seasonal loans his policies gave to farmers led to conservative factions ousting him. An official under the Emperor Shenzhong, this man was also opposed by the author of the history Zizhi Tongjian, Sima Guang. For 10 points, name this Song Dynasty chancellor who pressed for many liberal reforms.
Answer: Wang Anshi
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The third one of these works beginning with a "sempre legato e placido" section was inspired by watching the changing scenery during a train ride, while the ninth one is inspired by the composer's transcriptions of cantabile Italian opera. Along with pieces titled "Paysage" and "Ricordanza," the two untitled members of this set of works were given nicknames by Ferrucio Busoni when he called the second one "Rockets" and the tenth one "Appassionata" though those pieces are better known by their tempo markings, "molto vivace" and "allegro agitato molto" respectively. In one of these works the main theme is presented as a series of octaves played against a flurry of thirds and that theme reappears in the "Animato" section representing the fading strength of a (*) horse's gallop while carrying a figure who is crowned king at the end of this section inspired by a Victor Hugo poem. In addition to the final one called "Chasse-Neige, the fifth one of these works is titled "Feux Follets" or "Will o' Wisp" while the fourth one is called "Mazeppa." For 10 points name this 1852 set of twelve pieces for solo piano written by Franz Liszt.
Answer: Transcendental Etudes [prompt on "etudes"]
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One character in this novel wins a bar fight through intimidation by catching a fly and flinging it at a drunkard, and another character is restored to health by a man known as "The Keeper" after trying to commit suicide. Another character's anger over the death of the pedophile Binny Daniels leads him to smash the protagonist's guitar and break the window of every shop in town. The protagonist has regular conversations with a coffee grinder in a house known as "the Tower" and receives a letter from an Irish Earl confirming that a necklace she was given is actually a rosary. At the beginning of this novel, the protagonist finds a sandal with a hole pierced through its sole that belongs to a mysteriously (*) mute boy, who earlier had washed ashore after a shipwreck. That boy, Simon, is beaten periodically by his surrogate father, Joe Gillayley. For 10 points, name this novel about Kerewin Holmes, a part-Maori painter, by Keri Hulme.
Answer: The Bone People
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A method of accomplishing this using the BCH technique relies on the Bose distance and involves a defining set constructed from the union of cyclotomic cosets. Computing the syndromes and solving the locator polynomial are two steps in the Peterson-Gorenstein-Zierler algorithm for performing this action. The information necessary to do this action can be generated using such techniques as the Golay code or the Reed-Solomon code, and the (*) Viterbi algorithm is also used to do this. The theorem that shows that this action can be performed to arbitrary accuracy determines if this action needs to be performed including cyclic redundancy checks as well verifying against a checksum. Accomplished by such methods as Hamming codes, which are commonly used to perform single instances of this operation, for 10 points, identify this action in which a message that has been corrupted on transmission is recovered by the receiver.
Answer: error correction [accept logical equivalents]
2009 Chicago Open Bonuses by In Vinokurov Veritas
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Reactive oxygen species often contain these chemical species, which can be detected via the CIDNP experiment in NMR. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these species, which contain an unpaired electron and are highly reactive.
Answer: Free Radicals
[10] This type of spectroscopy is used to detect the evolution of radical species in a chemical reaction, which takes advantage of the unpaired electron's spin being 1/2 and nonzero magnetic moment.
Answer: Electron Spin Resonance [or Electron Paramagnetic Resonance]
[10] To detect transient radicals in ESR, this technique is used. It entails adding a stable radical like TEMPO to create an adduct that can be easily detected.
Answer: Spin trapping
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Answer some questions about the American System, for 10 points each.,
[10] The American system was an economic plan partially developed by this Senator, who based his policies of Fredrich List's "National System". He was known as the Great Compromiser.
Answer: Henry Clay
[10] A major setback for the American system was Andrew Jackson's veto of this bill, which sought to create a pathway between Lexington and the Ohio river.
Answer: Maysville Road Bill
[10] The American System did succeed in creating this road that connected its namesake city and Vandalia. It's now known as Highway 40.
Answer: Cumberland Road [or National Road]
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This novel takes the form of a journal written in a local library by Shizuma Shigematsu. For 10 points each;,
[10] Name this novel by Masuji Ibuse in which Shigeku cares for Yasuko during the aftermath of the Hiroshima bombings. The novel is named for the environmental fallout of the atomic bomb.
Answer: Black Rain [or Kuroi Ame]
[10] This Japanese author wrote about Selinuntius, who is held by King Dionys to ensure that a shepherd boy returns from his sister's wedding to be executed, in his story "Run, Melos." He also wrote the novel No Longer Human and described the decline of a noble family after the war in The Setting Sun.
Answer: Osamu Dazai
[10] Ibuse and Dazai heavily influenced this other writer who addressed the issue of post-World War Two Japan in his Hiroshima Notes. He also wrote The Pinch Runner Memorandum and The Silent Cry.
Answer: Kenzaburo Oe
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According to one legend about this man, after he emerged from a cave in which he had been hiding for 12 years and saw people farming instead of studying the Torah, he set their fields on fire with his gaze. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this rabbi of the second century CE, who may have authored such thrilling midrashic commentaries as the Sifrei on Numbers and Deuteronomy, and who was thought by medieval mystics to be the author of the Zohar.
Answer: Shimon Bar Yohai [accept either name, I guess; he seems to be referenced by both of them in sources]
[10] Bar Yohai was one of the best-known students of this rabbi, who contributed greatly to the advancement of midrash but who might be better known for preaching support for Bar Kochba's rebellion and ultimately dying in it.
Answer: Akiva Ben Yosef [accept either name]
[10] The death of Shimon Bar Yohai is commemorated on this Jewish holiday, which occurs on the 18th of Iyyar, which also marks the 33rd day between Passover and Shavuot.
Answer: Lag ba-Omer
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This man accompanied his father to put down the Great Conspiracy, and was the last emperor of both Eastern and Western Rome. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Roman emperor who established Nicene Christianity as the state religion of Rome and summoned the Council of Constantinople.
Answer: Theodosius I [or Theodosius the Great]
[10] Theodosius the Great really wasn't a fan of this heresy, which had been supported by the emperor Valens and which Theodosius had proscribed at the Council of Constantinople.
Answer: Arianism
[10] Theodosius the Great was responsible for this massacre, in which Botheric arrested a charioteer and Gothic troops killed 7000 people in a hippodrome. It took place in a Greek city.
Answer: Massacre of Thessaloniki [or Massacre of Thessalonica]
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These mathematical structures are bilinear, associative, and obey the Jacobi identity. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify these algebraic structures named for a Norwegian mathematician, which can be defined through the use of their namesake brackets, such as the commutator in quantum mechanics.
Answer: Lie algebras
[10] This term is used to describe Lie algebras whose derived series terminates, and Cartan's criterion gives the conditions under which a Lie algebra with characteristic 0 has this property. This term is also applied to Galois groups whose associated polynomial's roots can be written in terms of a finite number of radicals.
Answer: solvable [accept soluble grudgingly]
[10] This theorem states that every finite-dimensional Lie algebra with characteristic p unequal to zero contains a faithful finite-dimensional representation.
Answer: Iwasawa's Theorem
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Identify these things about the architecture of Cleveland. For 10 points each:,
[10] This IM Pei designed building consists of a glass pyramid protruding from a rectangular tower, with a cylindrical section next to it.
Answer: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
[10] The Cleveland Clinic's Crile building and the Key Tower were both designed by this architect, who also designed Los Angeles' 777 Tower and the Wells Fargo tower in Minneapolis.
Answer: Cesar Pelli
[10] So this guy has nothing to do with Cleveland, but he did design the Lever House, the Beinecke Library at Yale, and the LBJ Library and Museum. He won the Prizker alongside Niemeyer.
Answer: Gordon Bunshaft
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One character tells Guy Clinch a fake sob story about her childhood friend Enola Gay who was raped and gave birth to a child named "Little Boy." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1989 novel narrated by Sam Young, in which the femme fatale Nicola Six plots her own murder so she will not have to face the decay of aging.
Answer: London Fields
[10] This British novelist of London Fields wrote the novels Dead Babies and Yellow Dog and described "Frank the Phone" stalking the drunkard director John Self in his novel Money. He is the son of the author of Lucky Jim.
Answer: Martin Amis [prompt on Amis]
[10] Subtitled "or The Nature of the Offence" this 1991 novel short-listed for the Booker Prize is told in reverse chronology and centers on the life of Holocaust doctor Odilo Unverdorben.
Answer: Time's Arrow: or The Nature of the Offence
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It is located near the city of Riobamba in its namesake province, and the peak of this mountain is the farthest point on earth from the earth's center. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this tallest peak of Ecuador and the second highest peak of the Andes.
Answer: Mt. Chimborazo
[10] Chimborazo is located roughly ninety miles south of this capital city of Ecuador, the second highest national capital, which is known as the "Florence of South America."
Answer: Quito
[10] Chimborazo is located at the southern end of this valley region located between cordilleras, which is lined by such peaks as Yanaurco and Cotopaxi and contains the open air markets of Otavalo.
Answer: Avenue of the Volcanos [accept Avenida de los Volcanos]
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This species of bacteria is gram-negative and can use the pTi-SAKURA system, and uses the VirB operon to create a pilus during conjugation with plant cells. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this bacterium that infects plants and is used to transfer T-DNA in plant transfection studies via a Ti-plasmid.
Answer: Agrobacterium Tumefaciens [or A. Tumefaciens]
[10] Agrobacterium is used to carry out transfections in this commonly used plant model organism, also known as the Thale Cress. It has a notable HOTHEAD gene.
Answer: Arabidopsis Thaliana [or Arabidopsis]
[10] Agrobacterium causes this disease, which creates namesake tumors in several plant species.
Answer: Crown gall
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Identify these secondary Simpsons characters, for 10 points each.,
[10] This brother of Apu Nahasapeemapetilon has a daughter and a son, and once asked Apu not to sleep with his wife.
Answer: Sanjay Nahasapeemapetilon
[10] This minister of the First Church of Springfield originally loved his job until Ned Flanders continuously bugged him. His daughter Jessica was sent away to boarding school.
Answer: Reverend Timothy Lovejoy [accept either]
[10] This perpetually sick child and classmate of Bart Simpson always appears pale. During a field trip to the nuclear power plant, Bart is forced to sit next to him, and he vomits after he is patted on the back.
Answer: Wendell Borton [accept either]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This work was originally commissioned by Solidarity and features an expanded version of the Lacrimosa. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this piece which borrows text from the hymn "Swiety Boze" and also includes sections title "Kyrie", "Libera animas" and "Lux aeterna".
Answer: Polish Requiem
[10] This composer of Emanations, the Seven Gates of Jerusalem symphony, and a work requiring some unorthodox bowing from 52 string instruments called Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima wrote the Polish Requiem.
Answer: Krzysztof Penderecki
[10] This later Penderecki work used the same unorthodox notation as the Threnody, required 48 strings, and had no melody, instead relying on clusters of sound events.
Answer: Polymorphia
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man was one of the founders of Comintern, and his government was the only communist state that had an embassy in Alfredo Stroessner's government. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who overthrew King Peter II, the longtime president of Yugoslavia and co-founder of the Non-aligned movement.
Answer: Joseph Broz Tito
[10] This meeting, which produced a 10-point declaration, was the founding meeting of the non-aligned movement and included leaders like Nehru and Sukarno. It took place in Indonesia.
Answer: Bandung Conference [prompt on Asian-African Conference or equivalent]
[10] This Indonesian diplomat organized the Bandung Convention, and later served as ambassador to the United Nations under Suharto.
Answer: Ruslan Abdulgani
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these psychologists who wrote about personality, for 10 points each.,
[10] This "founder of social psychology" studied with Wolfgang Kohler and wrote The Dynamic Theory of Personality. He coined the term "life space" and pioneered "force field analysis."
Answer: Kurt Lewin
[10] Warmth, social boldness, and openness to change are among the sixteen primary personality factors that this psychologist posited for his two tiered personality structure.
Answer: Raymond Cattell
[10] This American wrote Personality: A Psychological Interpretation and created a "trait theory" that outlined cardinal, common, and central traits to describe the different types of dispositions that could affect personality.
Answer: Gordon Allport
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Garinati's failed attempt to assasinate Daniel Dupont precipitated the action of this novel. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1953 novel in which the investigator Wallas is sent to examine a series of political murders and ultimately discovers that the victim Daniel Dupont is still alive.
Answer: The Erasers [or Les Gommes]
[10] This French author of The Erasers also wrote Le Voyeur and the screenplay for Resnais' Last Year at Marienbad and was a leader of the Nouveau Roman or "New Novel" movement.
Answer: Alain Robbe-Grillet
[10] Robbe-Grillet also wrote a novel about a revolution in this city, also the subject of a trilogy by Paul Auster, which provides the setting for novels like Washington Square and A Hazard of New Fortunes.
Answer: New York City
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
These phenomenon's namesake modulus is equal to the ratio of the axial strain to the axial stress, FTPE:,
[10] Name this fastest subset of seismic waves, which has a longitudinal polarization as opposed to S-waves.
Answer: P-wave
[10] While detecting P-waves, there is a "gap" in the readings between 104 and 140 degrees from the epicenter due to refraction by the liquid outer core. This area is given this name.
Answer: Shadow zone
[10] According to Faust's law, the P-wave velocity is proportional to this power of the resistivity and burial depth.
Answer: 1/6
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It was famously depicted by Jacques-Louis David, and it was convened due to the influence of the Abbe Sieyes. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this pact made during a meeting of the Estates-General, in which almost all of the Third Estate agreed to stay in conference until they could come up with a constitution.
Answer: Tennis Court Oath
[10] The assembly that spearheaded the Tennis Court Oath was lead by Sieyes and this other figure, who tried to secretly negotiate with the monarchy. While imprisoned he met the Marquis de Sade.
Answer: Honore Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau [accept either]
[10] After noting that the Tennis court was too small on July 22nd, the Assembly wandered around and finally settled at this church. 150 members of the clergy join them.
Answer: Church of Saint Louis
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In this work, Frank Maurrant murders his wife Anna upon catching her in bed with her lover, Sankey. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play in which Frank's daughter Rose rejects the affections of her law student neighbor, Sam Kaplan, and departs the New York tenement in which the play is primarily set.
Answer: Street Scene
[10] Street Scene is a play by this author of Love among the Ruins and The Adding Machine.
Answer: Elmer Rice [or Elmer Leopold Reizenstein]
[10] Rose is fawned over by this man, the manager of the real estate office in which she works. He offers to set her up in her own apartment, but Rose declines.
Answer: Harry Easter [accept either]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This goddess sailed to her current home while being guided by the shark-god Ka-moho-ali'I, and was hated by her sister Na-maka-o-kaha'I, who kept trying to flood her home. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Hawaiian deity who lives in Mauna Loa.
Answer: Pele
[10] This mother of Pele also gave birth to Hi'iaka the from her mouth and Namaka from her body. She repeatedly turned herself into a younger woman until she was killed by the trickster Kaulu.
Answer: Haumea
[10] In some instances, Pele's grandmother is a deity by this name, who was also the mate of Rangi in Maori myth.
Answer: Papa

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