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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Chicago Open Tossups by Gioia
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The fear of an army commanded by this man inspired the Treaty of Nonsuch, after which he was defeated at the siege of Bergen. His army was trapped at Caudebec in his last campaign, an attempt to lift the siege of Rouen, but he built a bridge overnight and escaped, appointing his son Ranuccio in his place. This architect of the Union of Arras had his most impressive military triumph when he built a bridge to block off access to the sea during his successful siege of Antwerp. He served as the deputy of Don John of Austria, whom he was appointed to replace in fighting against William the Silent. This man, who shares his name with the birth name of Pope Paul III, may have led an invasion of England but for the defeat of the Spanish Armada. FTP, name this Governor of the Spanish Netherlands from 1578 to 1592, who was a Duke of Parma.
Answer: Alexander Farnese [accept: Alessandro Farnese; Alejandro Farnesio; or Duke of Parma before mentioned]
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A mostly fabricated discussion of a rainy burial in this work follows a scene in which one character unsettles the protagonist with her burning eyes, which that protagonist describes as "feral," in a darkened room he had come to looking to assault a man after embarrassingly arriving an hour early to a dinner. That man, an inheritor who the protagonist criticizes for peasant girl-related debauchery, mirrors a military man who earlier prompts the main character to purchase a beaver collar, for which he borrows money from Anton, his boss. The narrator is obsessed with the phrase "two and two is four" and clashes with Ferfichkin and Simonov over a going-away party for Zverkov, which prompts a trip to a brothel and later an exchange with the vulture-like Apollon. The kindly prostitute Liza is ultimately spurned by, FTP, the protagonist of what early existentialist novel consisting of the titular correspondences, written by Fyodor Dostoevsky?
Answer: Notes from the Underground or Letters from the Underworld or Zapiski iz podpol'ja or anything about things that are written coming from somewhere that is below somewhere else
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The earliest known member of this taxonomic group is the 125 million year old Chinese fossil Sinodelphis, while other prehistoric examples include the giant Diprotodon, which had inward turning feet like modern representatives of this group. After the 1936 extinction of the thylacine, there are no known carnivorous members of this group, which includes sugar gliders and the Monito del Monte. The reproductive systems of them are unique in that the female has two external vaginae leading to different chambers of the uterus, and the male has a two-pronged penis to match.The diversification of the forelimbs of this clade is hindered because newborns require a grasping forepaw to cling to its mother. FTP, identify this infraclass of non-placental mammals named for their pouch, which includes opossums and kangaroos.
Answer: Marsupialia [or Marsupials]
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Shlomo Avineri compared the concept first mentioned in this work to one in the Paris Manuscripts, a claim rejected by David Resnick. A consistent theme in this work is that the state springs from society, not vice versa, making state-run cooperatives of little use, and the author frequently laments the influence of Ferdinand Lasalle. Published along with a letter to Wilhelm Bracke, it notes that until the birthmarks of bourgeois society are erased and labor has become life's prime want, differences in human endowment will lead to inequality if there is implementation of "from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs," thus requiring an intermediate stage between capitalist society and pure communism. FTP, name this work by Karl Marx discussing the Dictatorship of the Proletariat, which was prompted by the uniting of the Social Democrats and seeks to attack their namesake political platform.
Answer: Critique of the Gotha Program [accept: Kritik des Gothaer Programms]
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This composer juxtaposed a small group of electric guitars and basses against a traditional chamber orchestra in his update of the Brandenburg Concertos in his work Partita. He used the Goethe poem, "Sag' ich's euch, geliebte Baume?" and Hesse's poem "Im Nebel" in his Eighth Symphony subtitled "Song of Transience," and he composed operas based on The Devils of Loudon and Paradise Lost. One of his works, which ends on a two octave tone cluster, includes an "invisible canon for 36 voices" and is written for 52 strings. His Utrenia is a sequel to his famous St. Luke's Passion, his earliest major work composed in 1965, while he revised his most famous requiem in 2006 to honor the death of Jon Paul II; it was originally commissioned by the Solidarity movement. FTP, name this composer who wrote The Polish Requiem and Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima.
Answer: Krzysztof Penderecki
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This man had a prominent younger brother who, as Navy Minister, strongly pushed for capital punishment for those responsible for an assassination attempt on the future Nicholas II. He was confined to an island following the Ansei Purge until the Shimazu family regained stability, and he used his contact with Thomas Glover after putting down the Hamaguri revolt to broker ties between Aizu, Chosu, and his own territory. His downfall began after being left in charge during the Iwakura mission and, during the Seikanron, demanding the right to deliberately provoke his own murder in Korea to start a war. Despite his victory over Katsu at Toba-Fushimi, this loser at Shiroyama forced Japan off the gold standard by waging a costly revolt in 18 The commander during the Boshin War, FTP, name this big, fat military man who guided the Meiji regime to power only to resist it to preserve the samurai class in the Satsuma Rebellion.
Answer: Saigo Takamori
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The protagonist of this novel is heart broken when his nephew nicknamed "Little Echo" dies of cerebral meningitis while visiting his farm, and he is obsessed in his childhood with the transparent wings of the "Heroera" butterfly. The funeral of actress Clarissa Rodde reignites an adulterous affair which ends when Inez Institoris shoots Rudolph on a streetcar when he attempts to woo Marie Godeau. Schildknapp leads the protagonist to a brothel where he acquires syphilis from Esmeralda, and after this incident he goes onto create the oratorio The Apocalypse, but goes insane after playing the first chord of his final work about "The Lamentation" of the title character. FTP, Serenus Zeitblom narrates the story of composer Adrian Leverkuhn in this novel written by Thomas Mann.
Answer: Doctor Faustus
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It was discovered in 1986 by Roger Davies, Alan Dressler and five other scientists collectively known as "The Seven Samurai." Its discovery was made clear due to peculiarities in the Tully-Fischer relationship of up to 700 kilometers-per-second and is associated with a filament-like red-shift that is directed back at the observer; a pattern called the Fingers of God. Some astronomers believe that it is a supercluster with its center at Abell 3627, but since it lies within the Zone of Avoidance, studies made to research this object in the visible spectrum have been made difficult. This structure is located just in front of a 500 million light year long filament of both baryonic and dark matter called the Great Centaurus Wall. Recently estimated to be 250 million light years across, FTP, identify this gravitational anomaly that is named from its tendency to draw galaxies toward it.
Answer: The Great Attractor
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In his first State of the Union Address, this President announced the opening of formal diplomatic relations with Austria, Siam, and Muscat. His administration levied trade sanctions on Portugal in retaliation for discriminatory tonnage duties. The author of an Inquiry into the Origin and Course of Political Parties, he refused to provide aid to Governor Joseph Ritner during what was dubbed the Buckshot War. His cabinet included Secretary of War Joel Poinsett and Attorney General Felix Grundy, and he was opposed by a candidate who ran under the slogan "Log Cabin and Hard Cider." His vision of a Subtreasury system as a means of reform became reality long after he'd fist conceived it as a leader of the Bucktail faction. FTP, name this man who later ran on the Free Soil ticket, the "Red Fox of Kinderhook" or "Little Magician," who succeeded Andrew Jackson as President.
Answer: Martin Van Buren
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The protagonist of this novel reminisces about the radio ads for "Kaiser's Stoneless Peaches" while resting at an attraction called "The Lake Isle of Innisfree." The actress Juanita del Pablo knocks out all of her teeth, so she can transition in her career as a Flamenco dancer to playing an Irish colleen, and Mr. Slump responds to letters one character writes to the advice column called "The Wisdom of the Guru Brahmin." A dismissal from Megalopolitan Studios leads to Sir Francis Hinton committing suicide, which leads to the protagonist meeting the main female character, who later leaves him when she discovers he works at the Happier Hunting Grounds pet cemetery. She consequently becomes engaged to Mr. Joyboy, who works at the Whispering Glades funeral parlor. Ending with the suicide of Aimee Thanatogenos, FTP, name this novel centering on Dennis Barlow written by Evelyn Waugh.
Answer: The Loved One
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This scientist modified an earlier reaction named after Schotten and Baumann to create a namesake peptide synthesis, and the Helferich method is a modification of another reaction he names in which an aldose or ketose reacts with an alcohol to form a glycoside.He discovered an eponymous synthesis reaction that combines cyanohydrins and aldehydes to form a heterocycle oxazole, and he developed a reaction between sugars and phenyl-hydrazine to form osazones.The latter work was aided by his development of a method that can help visualize the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog rules, and he lends his name to a reaction in which an alcohol and carboxylic acid are refluxed in the presence of an acid catalyst. FTP, identify this scientist known for his namesake projections of organic molecules into two-dimensions, as well as his esterification reaction.
Answer: Hermann Emil Fischer
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This character was created in 1986 during a competition between corporations to develop a Fuel System Icing Inhibitor and was completed in 1996 during a take-your-daughter-to-work-day. During the end credits, this character is heard singing the lyrics "This is a triumph/ I'm making a note here/ HUGE SUCCESS" in the song "Still Alive" which was released as a bonus track on the Xbox version of Rock Band. It is finally defeated when its morality chip, an object installed after this character filled the enrichment center with neurotoxin, is dropped into an incinerator, an action performed by the game's protagonist, Chell. Voiced by Ellen McLain, FTP, identify this computerized guide of Aperture Science in Portal who lies to the player with promises of cake.
Answer: GLaDOS or Genetic Lifeform and Disk Operation System
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This phenomenon, along with the Caporael Dilemna, is part of a broader idea studied by Karau and Williams, which Rothwell claimed could be combated with the "Three C's." Tice and Baumeister hypothesized that it is influenced by personality and Philip Beaman suggested combating it by teaching people psychology. Russell Clark and Larry Word performed one study on it involving electric wire. Another was done by John Darley and Bibb Latane, who suggests that it has an implicit type. One study involved people listening to a cassette tape in front of microphones, which were supposedly turned off until their turn to talk, while another likened this phenomenon to social diffusion and involved smoke-filled rooms and seizures. Most closely associated with Kitty Genovese and her murder, it is a form of social loafing. FTP, name this effect where people fail to intervene in crises on the assumption that someone else will.
Answer: Bystander Effect [accept: Genovese Effect until mention; prompt on "social loafing" until mentioned]
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Some 20th century scholars who have studied this entity include W.O. Henderson, who wrote about its impact on the politics of its southern members. The Heppenheim Program sought to create a new legislative body to govern it, and it was also studied by Helmut Bohme. Karl Bruck attempted to expand the borders of it to include Hungary and its neighbors, but this was prevented by the stalling tactics of Rudolf Delbruck. It was inspired by the work of Friedrich List, who believed it represented the third and last of his stages of development, the unity of agriculture and manufacture. Used to promote the kleindeutsche policy, weaken Austria, and promote the leadership of Prussia, FTE name this 1834 customs union in Germany.
Answer: Zollverein
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In one story, this author writes of a 78 year old woman who enjoys ice skating wearing a red velvet costume with a short skirt. In another story, the maid Maria sends the poet Asa Bascomb on a pilgrimage to a statue of an angel at Monte Giordano, so he can cleanse his mind after he accidentally sees a young couple having sex in a forest. In addition to "The Angel of the Bridge" and "The World of Apples," he about a man who begins an affair with a prison inmate Jody after stabbing his brother twenty two times with a fire stoker. The writer of The Brigadier and the Golf Widow, in addition to the above work about Ezekiel Farragut, this author wrote about Leander, who drowns himself after his beloved boat, the Topaze, is converted into a gift shop, while his sons Moses and Coverley inherit the title family's fortune. Neddy Merrill swims through the pools of all his neighbors in a story by, FTP, what American author of The Wapshot Chronicles?
Answer: John Cheever
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One character pretends to be the student Pereda while questioning the peddler Trabuco in the second act of this opera, while another character begs for peace in death in its most performed aria, "Pace pace mio dio." In "Madre, pietosa Vergine," the soprano persuades the abbot Padre Guardiano to allow her to seek refuge by hiding in a cave on monastery grounds for the rest of her life, while an injured soldier asks his friend in "Solenne in quest ora" to burn a box of letters, but this leads to an angry discovery of a portrait of his sister. That character swears revenge on his sister after the accidental death of his father, the Marquis of Calatrova, and he is mortally wounded in a duel with his friend Don Alvaro, but Carlo manages to muster the strength to stab his sister Leonora right before he dies. FTP, name this opera completed three years after A Masked Ball by its composer, Verdi.
Answer: La Forza del Destino (accept The Force of Destiny)
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The most recent battle with this name was written of in the poem Zang Tumb Tumb, and it saw the forces of the inept Shukri Pasha scattered when Vladimir Vazov's brother ordered one of the first aerial bombing operations, dropping hand grenades from planes. Earlier, a clash here was marked by the late arrival of Richomeres after an idiotic charge by Bacurius, and was quickly followed by the destruction of the local arms industry. Preceded by a draw at the Battle of the Willows for Frigeridus, it saw an encircled wagon train defended by Saphrax and Alatheus. The troops sent by Gratian could not prevent the coalition of Fritigern from routing the troops under the emperor Valens in this battle. FTP, identify this 378 AD battle in Thrace, which began the collapse of the Western Roman Empire.
Answer: Battle of Adrianople (or Hadrianopolis) (accept early buzz of "Battle of Odrin before "Richomeres")
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In the dialog Octavius by Minucius Felix, a character claims that the difficulty of looking at this god is proof of his power. According to Tacitus, this god was saluted at the Second Battle of Bedriacum by the soldiers of the Third Legion, who fought for Vespasian. The state cult of this deity replaced a cult with a similar deity named "Indiges". This deity is depicted three times on the Arch of Constantine, and Constantine decreed a weekly day of rest in his honor. He was made a state god by Aurelian, who depicted this deity as a man wearing a crown of light rays and declared his birthday to be December FTP, name this late Roman god, a deified sky object whose name is Latin for "Unconquered Sun".
Answer: Deus Sol Invictus [accept reasonable translations until the word "Latin"; prompt on "sol" or "sun"]
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This artist added architectural details to his The Little Chapel Chancelade when his first sketch was deemed too accurate, and later in life painted homages to Monet series like January, which introduced the element of snow. His lesser-known work includes some male nudes, like the bare-assed stick-wielder in The Spotted Man and another who douses himself with water near a trough in Sultry Night. A cross section is shown in Dinner for Threshers and a telephone pole forms a cross in the strained perspective piece Death on Ridge Road, while he showed himself seated in the foreground before some immigrants in Return from Bohemia. A young boy holds an axe while his adult self pulls back a curtain in Parson Weems' Fable, part of a series of his historical satires like Daughters of the American Revolution. Also the author of the essay "Revolt Against the City," FTP, name this regionalist who painted some couple outside a farm or something in American Gothic.
Answer: Grant Wood
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A pivotal moment in this work occurs with the death of a small boy who had been following the protagonist around, Kishore, while in the final act, the primary antagonist is overcome with guilt over the death of Ranjan and joins his opponents in their climactic action. It borrows minor plot elements from the author's earlier The Country of Cards, and the action takes place in Yakshapuri, in legend the dominion of the god of wealth, where the overwhelming desire of the King to increase his gold supply leads to a brutally systematic and inhuman mining program, whose equipment is smashed by the main character's followers. It is often cited as the finest example of the "Dance Drama" genre, as also exemplified by its author's other works Chitrangada and Shyama. FTP, name this work in which Nandini leads a revolt by adopting the titular colorful floral symbol, arguably the best-known play by Rabindranath Tagore.
Answer: Red Oleander(s) or Raktakarabi
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One work by this thinker is a pamphlet that uses simple cartoons to show that IQ is based more on environment than genetics, while other works examine the cultures and behaviors of Thailand and Romania. This author argues that cultures choose certain traits from "a wide arc of human potentialities" in one work, and says that myths serve a "compensatory" purpose to make up for failures of everyday life in another work, Tales of the Cochiti, which was expanded four years later in a two volume collection on myths from another Pueblo tribe, the Zuni. In a more well-known work, she studied the reasons why American prisoners of war desired to hear from their family while POWs of another nation wished to remain ignorant of their kin's status. FTP, identify this anthropologist known for The Chrysanthemum and the Sword and Patterns of Culture.
Answer: Ruth Benedict
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Groups of this name are a subset of Dedekind groups, and they are generally non-abelian groups with every subgroup normal. This name also describes an NP-complete problem that asks if it is possible to construct a cycle visiting every vertex of a graph. For classical systems with forces independent of velocity, this quantity is equal to the total energy of the system. That quantity appears in several first-order differential equations in its namesake re-formulation of classical mechanics, and that quantity is related to the Lagrangian by a Legendre transform. For ten points, identify this multi-use term derived from the name of the inventor of quaternions.
Answer: Hamiltonian
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It was discovered in 1986 by Roger Davies, Alan Dressler and five other scientists collectively known as "The Seven Samurai". Its discovery was made clear due to peculiarities in the Tully-Fischer relationship of up to 700 kilometers-per-second and is associated with a filament-like red-shift that is directed back at the observer; a pattern called the Fingers of God. Some astronomers believe that it is a supercluster with its center at Abell 3627, but since it lies within the Zone of Avoidance in the direction of the Hydra and Centaurus constellations, studies made to research this object in the visible spectrum have been made difficult. This structure is located just in front of a 500 million light year long filament of both baryonic and dark matter called the Great Centaurus Wall. Recently estimated to be 250 million light years across, FTP, identify this gravitational anomaly that is named from its tendency to draw galaxies toward it.
Answer: The Great Attractor
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In graph theory, this word describes a path in an undirected graph that meets each vertex only once such as that of the edge graph of a dodecahedron; such paths are described using the Bondy-Chvatal theorem. Systems described by this adjective include dynamical billiards and gravitational orbits as the forces in these systems are independent of the velocities. These systems are often formulated with a namesake vector field that exists on a symplectic manifold or more generally on an arbitrary Poisson manifold. In physical chemistry, the Dyall form of this operator involves the sum of the products of orbital energies and spin-traced operators for a two-electron system, while the more commonly used form of this operator is equal to negative h-bar squared over twice the mass times the Laplacian plus the potential energy of the system and corresponds to the observable of the total energy of that system. FTP, identify this ubiquitous adjective in math and sciences that is named after a 19th century Irish physicist and mathematician with first and middle names "William Rowan".
Answer: Hamiltonian
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Murakami and Nata used a diamond cell to create an extremely high pressure material called "post-perovskite," theorized to compose much of the lower regions of this area.In Earth's early years, gases escaping from this area likely deposited a lot of xenon, and most craton roots reach into this general layer.Olivine is abundant in its upper regions, and it contains the Lehmann Discontinuity above its transition zone.The bottom boundary of this layer contains the area denoted D'' ("D double prime"), which itself contains a discontinuity named for Beno Gutenberg, and beyond that boundary P-waves are slower and S-waves stop due to the liquid composition of the area beneath this layer.Also containing the mesosphere and the asthenosphere, FTP, identify this region which comprises about 70% of the Earth and lies across the Moho discontinuity from the Earth's crust.
Answer: Mantle (prompt on "asthenosphere" before "Lehmann")
 
2008 Chicago Open Bonuses by Gioia
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Identify these much-regarded military commanders from South American history, FTPE:,
[10] This huge badass burned Quito to the ground and killed its virgins to deny them to Pizarro's forces after losing the Battle of Mount Chimborazo to Belalcazar. Supposedly, he took the location of the Llanganatis Treasure to his grave, and with Quizquiz and Chalicuchima, commanded the Incan forces of Atahualpa.
Answer: Ruminahui
[10] The only Duke created by Brazil's Pedro II, this two-time War Minister rose to prominence by suppressing rebels during the War of the Tatters.He captured Asuncion and won the Battle of Irotoro during the War of the Triple Alliance, and the Brazilian holiday Soldier's Day is held on his birthday.
Answer: Duke of Caxias or Luis Alves de Lima e Silva
[10] After winning an early victory at Pichincha, this general solidified his reputation by forcing the surrender of Jose de la Serna at Ayacucho. He did get shot by a bunch of assassins while on his way to Quito in 1830, but at least they named a city after him.
Answer: Antonio Jose de Sucre y Alcala
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They are thought to be the key in creating the space elevator and to give Damascus steel its fabled hardness. FTPE:,
[10] Identify these cylindrical molecules, which are allotropes of element number 6.
Answer: carbon nanotubes
[10] A carbon nanotube is essentially a rolled-up version of this molecule, which is a one-atom thick planar sheet of carbon atoms bound in aromatic hexagonal cells.It is similarly named to another common carbon allotrope.
Answer: graphene
[10] These newly discovered molecules are named for their distinctive shape of a fullerene attached to the outside wall of a carbon nanotube.
Answer: carbon nanobuds
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Answer the following about confessional poetry, FTPE.,
[10] His last collection, Delusions Etc., was written right before he committed suicide by jumping off the Washington Avenue Bridge in Minnesota, and he also wrote about Henry and Mr. Bones in his Dream Songs.
Answer: John Berryman
[10] The speaker comments that "having read the book of myths" she must perform the title action "not like Cousteau with his / assiduous team . . . but here alone" in this title poem of a collection by Adrienne Rich.
Answer: Diving into the Wreck
[10] This poet who implored, "Stand back, make way, you mindless scum / Squire Voland the Seducer's come" in his poem, "Dr. Joseph Goebells (22 April, 1945)," wrote what is sometimes considered the first major work of Confessional poetry, the collection Heart's Needle.
Answer: William DeWitt Snodgrass
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Name these mythological rivers, FTPE.,
[10] Also the name of a personified daughter of Eris, this is the river of forgetfulness or oblivion in Hades, since shades drink from it to forget about their past lives.
Answer: Lethe
[10] This river flows from the spring Hvergelmir and runs along the gates of Helheim, crashing over a waterfall called Franangr and passing under a golden bridge called…eh, I don't know, make up a funny Norse name.
Answer: Gjoll
[10] This river mentioned in the Rig Veda encircles the entire earth, though it is said that the cows of the Panis are kept in a cave beyond this river, where they are tracked by the messenger of Indra.
Answer: Rasa
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Identify these actors whose undoubted career highpoint was appearing in the 1997 classic Starship Troopers, FTPE:,
[10] This actor goes from ferret-manipulating high school psychic to military intelligence officer, whereupon he declares that a giant, brain-eating bug is "afraid."He's better-known for appearing as Barney in How I Met Your Mother and for being immortal.
Answer: Neil Patrick Harris
[10] This star of a memorable movie three-way appeared in Starship Troopers as Carmen. Lower points include dating ex-BFF's ex, Richie Samboro, and informing the world on exactly how to find ex-husband Charlie Sheen's erect penis photos online.
Answer: Denise Richards
[10] The hilarious roll of "the captain" was played by this actress, who in Starship Troopersproclaims that "somebody made a mistake" shortly before being crushed by a giant door.She has also appeared as the woman who refuses to wear a bra on Seinfeld and as the narrating suicide victim, Mary Alice Young, on Desperate Housewives.
Answer: Brenda Strong
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Identify the following about the US Presidential election of 1968, FTPE.,
[10] Hubert Humphrey's chances for the Presidential nomination skyrocketed after this man shot Robert Kennedy in a California hotel.
Answer: Sirhan Bishara Sirhan
[10] This Representative from Georgia led a delegation to the Democratic National Convention to protest the all-white party of Lester Maddox, and ended up being nominated for vice president himself, though it was largely honorific since he was under 35. He is the current chairman of the NAACP.
Answer: (Horace) Julian Bond
[10] Outside the Democratic Convention in Chicago, the Yippie movement nominated this barnyard animal for President. After finishing behind both Humphrey and Nixon, he retired to a hippie commune.
Answer: Pigasus the Immortal
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Identify the following things about psychologists torturing monkeys, FTPE.,
[10] One of the more famous accounts of using monkeys for psychological testing was this man's use of fabricated terrycloth and wireframe `mothers' to determine how infant monkeys prefer soft mothers rather than cold, food-bearing ones.
Answer: Harry Harlow
[10] In a different experiment which sought to examine clinical depression in animal form, Harlow employed these devices which kept a monkey in a windowless stainless steel box equipped with a mesh floor for waste removal, a food box and a water bottle.
Answer: pit of despairs or vertical chambers
[10] Deafferentation, the process of cutting the space next to the spinal was performed on a group of seventeen macaques in Silver Spring, Maryland by this psychologist who eventually realized the phenomenon of learned self-use of deafferented limbs.
Answer: Edward Taub
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Nikola Tesla transmitted low-frequency EM waves to this boundary in his Colorado Springs experiment. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this atmospheric layer, often denoted "E," which lies closer to the surface of the Earth than the Appleton layer and is named for a British and an American physicist.
Answer: Kennelly-Heaviside Layer
[10] The Appleton and Kennelly-Heaviside layers are both located within this region of the atmosphere, named for the charged particles created by solar radiation.It forms the inner boundary of the magnetosphere.
Answer: Ionosphere
[10] These occurrences are one major method of ionization within the ionosphere. They occur when the namesake positive particles are accelerated due to flares or coronal mass ejections.
Answer: Solar Proton Event or equivalent (prompt on partial answer)
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It appeared in Seven Men, a collection published after its author's satirical A Christmas Garland.FTPE:,
[10] Identify this story in which the author describes a visit by his titular friend to the future to view his literary output, only to discover in horror that he only exists as a character in that story, and that he is about to be sucked into hell.
Answer: Enoch Soames
[10] This "incomparable" British author of Lytton Strachey wrote "Enoch Soames." He also told of Lord George Hell, who uses a mask to spur Gambogi and romance Jenny Mere but accidentally becomes moral.
Answer: Max Beerbohm
[10] This only novel by Beerbohm sees the mass suicide of Oxford's undergraduates, including Noaks and the Duke of Dorset, after they encounter the titular bewitching girl.
Answer: Zuleika Dobson
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Identify the following linguistic phenomena, FTPE.,
[10] This effect that can result in significant language change happens when one sound change creates a hole that other sounds fill by also changing. Grimm's Law and the Great Vowel Shift are examples.
Answer: chain shift [accept: chain drag; drag shift]
[10] This is the scientific term for when a person begins uttering random unintelligible syllables; it is common in some religious practices under the term "speaking in tongues".
Answer: glossolalia
[10] This hilarious effect happens when a speaker knows that one of his habits is wrong in certain situations but changes it for every situation. Examples include English speakers saying every Spanish "r" as a rolling r, despite the fact that some aren't.
Answer: hypercorrection
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This entity allied with Austria during the Thirteen Years' War, and was the scene of a peasant rebellion by Gregory Dozsa. FTPE,,
[10] Name this independent principality which existed from 1526 to 1692 in what is now Northwest Romania, dominated by noble families such as the Rakoczi and Bathory.
Answer: Principality of Transylvania
[10] The first Prince of Transylvania was the second John of this family, who took the title after abdicating the throne of Hungary to Maximilian II. His father, the first John of this name, was also a counter-king of Hungary as a rival to Ferdinand I.
Answer: Zapolya [or Szapolyai]
[10] This staunchly protestant Prince of Transylvania during the Thirty Years War was the brother-in-law of Gustavus Adolphus, but was bribed out of entering the war at the Peace of Nikolsburg.
Answer: Gabriel Bethlen [accept: Gabor Bethlen]
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Identify the following about a certain vertebrate organ FTPE.,
[10] Consisting of areas of both red and white pulp, this `optional' immune system organ plays a major role in the destruction of redundant erythrocytes in the body.
Answer: spleen
[10] The white pulp of the spleen is composed of these bundles, named after an Italian biologist, consisting of B-lymphocyte-rich lymphoid follicles and T-cell rich peri-arteriolar lymphoid sheaths.
Answer: Malphigian corpuscles
[10] A minor role of the spleen is the production of these types of molecules that enhance binding for phagocytosis.
Answer: opsonins
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He fantasizes about King Krongold after his grandmother Clemence leaves him a copy of Illustrated Adventure Stories upon her death, and he has an affair with Nora, the wife of the headmaster at Meanwell College. FTPE,,
[10] Name this cynical doctor who recalls his childhood abuses by his father Auguste and the kindness of his Uncle Edouard.
Answer: Ferdinand Bardamu
[10] This author of Conversations with Professor Y and Castle to Castle wrote about Ferdinand Bardamu in two of his most famous works.
Answer: Louis Ferdinand Celine
[10] Leon is temporarily blinded when he accidentally detonates a bomb that he was hired by the Henrouille family to use on their grandmother in this best-known novel of Luis Celine, which was followed by Death on the Installment Plan.
Answer: Journey to the End of the Night (accept Voyage au Bout de la Nuit)
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One work of this movement discusses the Maconnais Region and asserts that the Crusades were popularized by the desire of the disowned second-born sons to make their fortune in the world. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this group whose namesake journal was founded by its early leaders Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch.
Answer: The Annales School
[10] This leading member of the Annales School discussed the structures that lead to European economic success in Wheels of Commerce: Capitalism and Material Life, and also wrote The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Phillip II.
Answer: Fernand Braudel
[10] This two-word French phrase used by Braudel represents an extension of historical space and time to emphasize those historical and geographical features which change at a slow pace over many years.
Answer: Longue Duree
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Answer some things about New Zealand, FTPE.,
[10] Featuring the Canterbury University and Museum, this city connected to Lyttleton via the Port Hills is the largest city on South Island.
Answer: Christchurch
[10] This largest lake in New Zealand sits almost squarely in the middle of North Island just above the Tongariro National Park area, and is drained by the Waikato River into the Tasman Sea.
Answer: Lake Taupo
[10] This third largest island of New Zealand lies 30 kilometers south of South Island across the Foveaux Strait. It was named by the Maori due to its famous displays of the Aurora Australis.
Answer: Stewart Island or Rakiura
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Its fourth section is titled "Starke Einbildungskraft," while the later section " Lob des Hohen Verstandes" was reused as a the basis for the finale of the composer's Fifth symphony. FTPE,,
[10] Name this collection of lieder based on poems by Clemens Brentano and Achim von Arnim.
Answer: Des Knaben Wunderhorn or The Youth's Magic Horn
[10] Mahler reused the entire song "Urlicht" as the fourth movement of this symphony, which was inspired by hearing a setting of a Klopstock ode played at the funeral of the conductor Hans von Bulow.
Answer: Resurrection Symphony (accept Symphony #2 in C Minor)
[10] Mahler recycled the theme from the song "Ablosung in im Sommer" from Wunderhorn as the scherzo for this symphony in D minor, Mahler's longest, whose first movement's title translates to "Pan Awakes, Summer Marches In."
Answer: Mahler's Third Symphony
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these members of John Donne's Holy Sonnets, FTPE.,
[10] The speaker of this poem begs God to "break, blow, burn and make me new," and later the speaker implores God to rape him because he "never shall be free / Nor ever chaste, except you ravish me."
Answer: Batter my Heart Three Person'd God (note: this poem is alternatively anthologized as Holy Sonnet #10 or Holy Sonnet #14)
[10] The speaker discusses a dichotomy existing in him "of elements, and an angelic sprite," which "black sin hath betrayed to endless night," and later the speaker references Communion when he beseeches God to burn him "with a fiery zeal / Of Thee and Thy house, which doth in eating heal."
Answer: I am a Little World Made Cunningly
[10] The title figure of this poem is described as a "slave to Fate, Chance, kings, and desperate men / And dost with poison, war, and sicknesses dwell" and earlier the speaker asserts the title figure is not "mighty and dreadful."
Answer: Death be not Proud
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A green bird-like creature raises a makeshift club at right as some hairy bastard rips the title figure's hair off while a deformed salamander thing stomps on his ribcage. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this oil on wood piece, itself part of a larger work, in which the blue cloak-clad holy man certainly doesn't appear to be given much of a choice as some angry demons kick the everloving shit out of him.
Answer: The Temptation of Saint Anthony or Saint Anthony Abbot Assaulted by Demons or anything that mentions Demons Ruining the Shit of Saint Anthony
[10] That version of The Temptation of Saint Anthony was created by this artist, who created rare standalone paintings like The Mocking of Christ and Establishment of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome and collaborated on a work with Nicholas Hagenauer.
Answer: Mathias Grunewald or Mathis the Painter/Master or Mathias Gothart-Nithard (any underlined portion is just fine)
[10] The aformentioned brutal beating of Saint Anthony occurs at the left of this famous Grunewald altarpiece in Colmar. Some worse stuff happens to Jesus in the central panel.
Answer: Isenheim Altarpiece
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer stuff about the New York Five of architecture, FTPE.,
[10] An eight story loggia protrudes from a pink granite ziggurat topped by a circular bay in this architect's most famous work, the Humana Building in Louisville, and his other works include the expansion to the Minneapolis Institute of Arts and the Disney Hotel in New York.
Answer: Michael Graves
[10] The blank facade structure of the New York Five has been imitated by this architect. His well-known works include the Dancing House in Prague and the Experience Music Project in Seattle.
Answer: Frank Gehry
[10] The New York Five were sharply criticized by the enemy faction called "the Grays," who were aligned with this Philadelphia architect, who created the Salisbury Wing of the National Gallery in London and The Seattle Art Museum. He is also known for his maxim, "Less is a Bore."
Answer: Robert Venturi
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following doubly eponymous things related to superconductors for ten points each.,
[10] One of the most accepted theories of superconductivity, this model explains superconductive behavior at only the macroscopic level using arguments and properties of thermodynamics. It was proposed by and named after two Russian physicists.
Answer: Ginzburg-Landau Theory
[10] Superconductors, when subjected to a weak magnetic field, undergo this example of perfect diamagnetism in which the magnetic field is entirely expelled.
Answer: Meissner-Oschenfield Effect
[10] This quantum electrodynamics theory, an expansion of Ginzburg-Landau theory into four dimensions, possesses a first-order phase transition that is a function of the mass of the superconductor squared.
Answer: Coleman-Weinberg potential model
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Since Oliver Cromwell would probably have banned quizbowl, answer the following about Charles II. FTPE:,
[10] The secret negotiations of George Monck and John Grenville led to this document signed in 1660, in which Charles II listed the conditions under which he would return to England to restore the monarchy.
Answer: Declaration of Breda
[10] Charles' closet Popery inclined him to sign this controversial 1670 treaty with France, resulting in the entrance of England into the Dutch War of Louis XIV.
Answer: Treaty of Dover
[10] A good primary source for the reign of Charles II is the diary of this man, who helped run Charles' navy and later became Secretary to the Admiralty.
Answer: Samuel Pepys ["Peeps" is an acceptable pronunciation]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Bonus: Nikola Tesla transmitted low-frequency EM waves to this boundary in his Colorado Springs experiment.FTPE:,
[10] Identify this atmospheric layer, often denoted "E," which lies closer to the surface of the Earth than the Appleton layer and is named for a British and an American physicist.Above this layer, sporadic E propagation occurs.
Answer: Kennelly-Heaviside Layer
[10] The Appleton and Kennelly-Heaviside layers are both located within this region of the atmosphere, named for the charged particles created by solar radiation.It forms the inner boundary of the magnetosphere.
Answer: Ionosphere
[10] These occurences are one major method of ionization within the ionosphere.They occur when namesake particles are massively accelerated due to flares or coronal mass ejections.
Answer: Solar Proton Event or equivalent (prompt on partial answer)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following things about the exploration of everyone's favorite smallest planet, Mercury, FTPE.,
[10] Launched in 2004, this spacecraft finally reached Mercury earlier this year and mapped 30% of its surface on a flyby. This craft will repeat two more flybys and be inserted into the planets orbit by 2011.
Answer: MESSENGER (Mercury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry and Ranging)
[10] MESSENGER was able to photograph the Caloris Basin, a massive impact crater that is characterized by this type of geography; a plain of ridges and fractures that form a roughly polygonal pattern.
Answer: Weird or Chaotic Terrain
[10] MESSENGER probably won't have any luck finding this tiny fabled planet that was in the 19th century used to explain the gravitational anomalies of Mercury's orbit before the onset of general relativity.
Answer: Vulcan
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following doubly eponymous things related to superconductors FTPE:,
[10] One of the most accepted theories of superconductivity, this model explains superconductive behavior at only the macroscopic level using arguments and properties of thermodynamics. Oh yea, it was proposed and named after two Russian physicists.
Answer: Ginzburg-Landau theory
[10] Superconductors, when subjected to a weak magnetic field, undergo this example of perfect diamagnetism in which the magnetic field is entirely expelled.
Answer: Meissner-Oschenfield Effect
[10] This theory, an expansion of Ginzburg-Landau theory into four dimensional space-time and possesses a phase transition as a function of the mass of the superconductor squared.
Answer: Coleman-Weinberg potential model

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