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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Chicago Open Tossups by Geto Boyz Play Songs of Love
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One writing of this religious group cautions those "that call themselves lovers of the Ancient Beauty" and encourages the pursuits of knowledge while condemning "sciences that begin with words and end with words". Another set of writings of this group includes sections named for the titular objects, including those of (*) wonderment, contentment, and "true poverty and absolute nothingness." In addition to the Seven Valleys and the six taraji, The Promise of World Peace was also written by an important figure in its early history, and an important observation of its followers is the Nineteen Day Feast. The "continental counselors" and the Hands of the Cause of God are organs of this religion, whose chief governing body is the Universal House of Justice. Shoghi Effendi led this group, an outgrowth of the Bab'ist sect, after the death of its founder, Nirza Hussein Ali Nuri. For 10 points, name this inclusive religion founded in the 19th century.
Answer: Baha'i
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One character referenced in this work has "Stage and Masquerade" inscribed on his forehead, while another is "an enemy of books." A controversial passage in this work involves one man who abducted children and forced them to join his ballet company and another who traded his loyal servants in for some greyhounds. Another of this work's characters sexually harasses a maid after falling off a horse; that maid had earlier been fondled by another character after she caused a (*) clock to chime. The two rivals of this work's protagonist are known as "the grinner" and "the reticent." A party in this work sees a Prince and Princess attempt to marry off their six daughters as well as the arrival of Khlyostova, the aunt of the protagonist's love interest. This play begins after that love interest spends the night talking to Alexey Molchalin, with whom she fell in love while the protagonist was away. For ten points name this play in which Sofia Famusov rejects Alexander Sergeevich Chatsky, a play by Alexander Griboyedov.
Answer: Woe from Wit [also accept The Woes of Wit; Wit Works Woe; The Mischief of Being Clever; or Gore ot uma]
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Tolcapone and entecapone are useful inhibitors for an enzyme that facilitates methylation of these compounds' ring structures, while pteridine is a necessary cofactor for the enzyme that begins their biosynthesis. The clonidine suppression test limits natural production of this class of compounds to identify the presence of pheochromocytomas, which release these compounds. In addition to (*) COMT, another class of enzyme acting on this class of compounds facilitates oxidative deamination to produce either DOMA or DOPEG, called monoamine oxidases. Biosynthesis of these compounds begins with the hydroxylation and subsequent decarboxylation of tyrosine in chromaffin cells. For 10 points, name this class of compounds with namesake dihydroxybenzene groups, including the neurotransmitters and hormones in the sympathetic nervous system such as epinephrine and dopamine.
Answer: Catecholamines
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Two years after this opera's premiere, the recitative was replaced by spoken dialogue in a translation and revision by Pierre Baurans, and this opera was reworked with a new text by Isaac Bickerstaffe and music by Charles Dibdin in 17 This opera begins with the aria "Aspettare e non venire", in which one character complains of not being supplied enough chocolate, and the aria "Sempre in contrasti" is given a response with "Stizzoso, mio stizzoso". The final duet "Contento tu sarai" is the result of a plot involving a man dressed as a soldier and posing as another's fiance, (*) Vespone. Originally attached to Il Progioniero Superbo, FTP, name this opera featuring the romance of Uberto and Serpina famous for sparking the War of the Buffoons, a work of Giovanni Battista Pergolesi.
Answer: La Serva Padrona [or The Maid as Mistress; or The Servant Mistress]
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Arms smuggler Charles Gardiner designed an unused currency for one side in this conflict, and many men who fought in it had earlier fought against Bou Hamara. This conflict was presaged by the kidnapping of Ion Perdicaris by Raisuli, and one offensive in this conflict began at Al-Hoceima bay. Manuel Fernandez Silvestre died when his forces were routed in the (*) Disaster of Annual in this conflict, after which forces of Damaso Berenguer used chemical weapons on civilian populations. The Jibala people were notably involved in this conflict, which was instigated by Abd el-Krim and was the third such conflict fought over Ceuta and Melilla. Only resolved after the intervention of French forces under Philippe Petain, this conflict featured a young Francisco Franco. For 10 points, name this war fought between the Spanish and native tribes of the namesake mountainous region of northern Morocco.
Answer: Third Rif War
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In this character's first appearance, a grey-faced waiter lowers his ear to this man's mouth, which, despite having bothered many other guests, did not phase this man. This man tips his waiters a gold coin each week, and he is described as "an utter sentimentalist" who reads stories in which "typewriter girls married Marquises". This man punches Jimmy's six golden teeth down his throat, and he is implicated in the Kilsyte Case. While serving in Burma, this man had an affair with Mrs. Basil, a fact which Major Basil uses to extort him. One of this man's lovers commits suicide with a (*) bottle of prussic acid, while another lover of his, Nancy Rufford, goes insane after hearing of his death. His longtime mistress feigned a heart condition to avoid sex with her husband, a friend of his named John Dowell. For ten points, name this philandering husband of Leonora and lover of Florence who appears in a work by Ford Madox Ford as the titular "good soldier."
Answer: Edward Ashburnham [accept The good soldier until mentioned]
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In one myth, this deity seduced a wanderer, so that the other gods cut off that wanderer's head and replaced it with a scorpion. According to the Florentine Codex, one god strongly associated with this deity was said to preside over sweat baths. That deity was said to have been created when a war god flayed a certain princess, who then apotheosized. Under one of this deity's epithets, this deity was portrayed as a series of siblings, while in another incarnation she is described as the Mother of the Gods, and protected midwives and fortune tellers. In addition to her epithet Ixcuinan, this goddess was, with (*) Tezcatlipoca, one of the two divinities of confession. This goddess gave birth to the flower goddess Xochipilli and the maize god Centeotl, and although this goddess could be confessed to only once in a lifetime, that confession would absolve the confessor of a certain capital crime. This goddess was described as a cotton wearing, skin-carrying, child-eating hag in her traditional form. For 10 points, name this crazy Aztec goddess, who presided over crazy sex, dirt, and gambling, as well as STDs.
Answer: Tlazolteotl [or Ixcuina or Tlaelquani]
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He played under Gary Blair at South Oak Cliff High School and was the Portsmouth Invitational "VP of his draft class. He failed out after a semester at Cooke County Junior College before going to the school where he would be a three time NAIA all-american, Southeastern Oklahoma State. He led the NBA in field goal percentage with his first franchise in 1988-89, where his teammates included (*) John Salley, Rick Mahorn, and Bill Laimbeer, and his career ended following 12 games with the Dallas Mavericks in 1999-20 In between, he garnered MVP votes in four straight seasons and won five rings, the first two with the "Bad Boy" Detroit Pistons. For 10 points name this cross-dressing star of Double Team and author of "Nasty as I Wanna Be," who is best known for the eight straight rebounding titles and three rings he earned alongside Scottie Pippen and Michael Jordan.
Answer: Dennis Rodman
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The HINT program is a computational tool used to map this property of molecules using the "fragment" approach to assigning numerical values for this property developed by Hansch and Leo. One plot which is used to predict the antigenic sites of a protein uses this property, since it usually displays a local maximum at antigenic sites, That plot is called the Hopp-Woods plot, which used less frequently than the (*) Kyte-Doolittle plot. A global index of this property for a given molecule is called ILM, which is a function of the distance between a solute atom and the solvent atom, and in drug design, this property is described by the partition coefficient of a system. Most scales only take into account side chains of amino acids while calculating it. For 10 points, identify this property which describes the degree to which a given molecule loves or hates water.
Answer: Hydropathicity [accept Hydrophilicity or hydrophobicity until "loves"; prompt thereafter]
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The later history of this party saw a resolution to have its members resign put forth by Dougherty and Riell, as well as the investigation of Edward Curtis. A long-time chairman of this party lost a mayoral race to Aaron Clark after having his votes split by John I Morgan. The Plain Dealer was created as a publication for this party, the views of which were also expressed in the Evening Post, and which split into Rump and (*) Buffalo factions. The New-York Herald referred to this party as "Slamm Bang and Company," referring to a colleague of Moses Jacques, Levi D Slamm. Their Park meeting was cited as a cause of a flour riot, and William Leggett was among the leaders of this group, officially known as the Equal Rights Party. They ceased to be of national concern after the passing of the Independent Treasury Act, which fulfilled their extreme anti-elite financial goals. For 10 points, name this group opposed to Tamany Hall, a faction of Jacksonian Democrats named for when they were able to continue a meeting after the gas lights were put out by lighting matches.
Answer: Locofocos [prompt on Equal Rights Party]
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The protagonist of this novel is disappointed by articles like "Riot at a Football March," which rely on "missionary reports," and is angered when a boy he is watching over tells his friend that the protagonist is paying for his education in America. A vain acquaintance of the protagonist feels that her brothers' promises to throw acid on her face are fulfilled when a hairdresser scorches her face with peroxide. Characters in this work include a sorceress tradeswoman, (*) Zabeth, whose son Ferdinand studies at the "New Domain," and the protagonist's treacherous servant Metty. The protagonist carries on an affair with the historian Raymond's hot wife, Yvette, and he befriends Shoba and Mahesh, owners of the Big Burger restaurant. He eventually flees the country after the Big Man appropriates the shop he bought from Nazruddin at the title location. FTP name this novel about the merchant Salim written by V.S. Naipaul.
Answer: A Bend in the River
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This composer of a Duo for Flute and Oboe graduated from the conservatory with a setting of Psalm 150. His projected and incomplete opera Barabbas was partially inspired by the success of an earlier sacred work including a boy's chorus, his Turbae ad Passionem Gregorianam. His operas include one in which the title character is abandoned by Orsino and tortured for murdering her rapist father, and in another, Girolamo is allowed to drown in the Tiber by his brother who has erotic fantasies about Julia Farnese. In addition to Beatrix Cenci and Bomarzo, the title character dies in the arms of Florinda during a Moorish invasion in his opera (*) Don Rodrigo. His nationalistic works include three Pampeanas and a ballet which includes the malambo, Estancia, which also incorporates text from Martin Fierro. For 10 points, name this composer from Argentina.
Answer: Alberto Ginastera
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Tsang showed that invertible content examples of this construct characterize Gaussian polynomials. Bezout names domains for which finitely generated ones imply principally generated ones. The maximum number of strict inclusions of them in certain groups is given by the Krull Dimension. (*) Buchberger's algorithm finds bases for one of these sets; that output is known as the Grobner basis. For Prufer varieties, every finitely generated one is invertible. Artinian rings add a decreasing condition on chains of these to an increasing condition that is the subject of Hilbert's Basis Theorem and is named for Noether. If the product of any two elements of a ring is itself an element of that ring, then that ring's one of these is said to be prime, whereas the smallest one is considered maximal. For 10 points, identify these subgroups, named by Kummer, that are invariant under multiplication and central to commutative ring theory.
Answer: Ideals
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This book uses the examples of a woman with four suitors and Toscanini's retirement from the Symphony of the Air to argue that one has no right to any say in decisions which others have the right to make in its section "Having a Say Over What Affects You." It notes that orchestra members are "ordered about by their conductor" and suggests that the relationship between subordination and low self esteem may be correlative rather than causative in "Meaningful Work." In addition to defending moral "side constraints" it argues for the superiority of "filter devices" as opposed to "design devices "and presents a (*) thought experiment in which people sell stock in themselves in "Demoktesis." It argues that we desire to "live ourselves" and criticizes hedonism with the experience machine thought experiment. This work claims that a titular concept arises through the invisible hand from dominant protection agencies and uses the Wilt Chamberlain argument that "Liberty Upsets Patterns," to defend the entitlement theory of justice. For 10 points, name this attack on John Rawls' A Theory of Justice, written by Robert Nozick.
Answer: Anarchy, State and Utopia
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This polity's bureaucracy was headed by the Vuzorg Farmadar, and other important officials included the Vastrioshansalar minister of agriculture and the Mobadan Mobad, the government's religious leader. One leader of this polity formed an alliance with the nomad king Grombates and had earlier laid siege to Singara. This polity engaged in some religious perseuction under the priest Kirder, and the Lakhmids became a vassal kingdom of this polity, which had a victory at (*) Callinicum under Kavadh I. Its founder was a hereditary guardian of the Anahita fire in Istakhr, and founded a namesake city at Ardashir-Kwarrah. More notably, it was ruled by the victor at the Battle of Edessa, who supposedly made a human footstool out of the Roman emperor Valerian. Shapur I ruled this empire, which like its predecessor was Zoroastrian and governed from Ctesiphon. For 10 points, name this Persian empire that followed the Parthians and ruled for the third through seventh centuries.
Answer: Sassanids [or Sassanians]
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Along with Buttiker and Pretre, this scientist's name indicates a theory by which the local density of states may be defined in terms of the scattering matrix in a Larmor clock, which leads to a generalized conductance equation. His name is also attached to a set of field equations which give an alternate explanation of charge carrier-radiation equilibrium to the linear Bohr-Infield Theory along with Lande. (*) A phenomenon named for him explains the discrepancy of the g-factor in the Uhlenbeck-Goudsmit expression for the magnetic moment of an electron, while a theory co-named for him and Fermi relies on an equation for the ground state density derived without solution of the Schrodinger Equation. His most famous contribution involves the inertial reference frames of a particle in a circular path, in which a vector does not remain fixed. For 10 points, name this British physicist, a Columbia professor whose name is attached to a type of relativistic precession.
Answer: Llewellen Hilleth Thomas
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Charles Blanc described a garment on one figure in this painting as a "great wakeup in the middle of the dark," and its painter cited Rubens's The Landing of Marie de Medici as a substantial influence on it. Favorable criticism of this work came from Antoine-Jean Gros and Adolphe Thiers, who after seeing it declared that its artist had "the gift of genius." One of the figures in this work is wearing a bright red hood, while another is clad only in a deep blue cloth. The heads of two men (*) grappling with each other can be seen in the bottom right courtner of this work, while on the left a feral figure can be seen biting the title object. Smoke emanating from the burning city in the upper left corner dominates the clouded background of this work, which is dominated in the foreground by a serene figure wearing a massive orange cloak. Sinners attempt to attack three men as they cross the sea of Dis in, for 10 points, what Eugene Delacroix work depicting a scene from the title character's Inferno.
Answer: The Barque of Dante [or Dante and Virgil in Hell or La Barque de Dante]
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While standing in a doorway one of this work's character is compared to "Saint Sebastian waiting for the arrows," and that character removes his tie after feeling frustration "creep down his neck like a hot hand." Another character in this work nostalgically recalls Caroline, her nurse as a child, who raised her in a house owned by the Godhighs. A character dressed in a plaid suit and Tyrolean hat causes the climactic event of this work, which begins with a discussion of whether a ridiculous purple and green lady's hat should be returned to the store. That hat is later seen on Carver's mother, who takes exception when the narrator's mother attempts to give the boy a penny and clocks her with her pocketbook. For 10 points name this story in which Julian and his mother ride an integrated bus, the title work of a collection by Flannery O'Connor.
Answer: Everything That Rises Must Converge
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This man inherited the sword of Offa of Mercia after the death of his brother, a noted collector of weapons. This man's brother-in-law, Ulfcytel Snillingr, died while fighting for him. This leader was supported by a man who Thurbad the Hold would later kill, the Earl Uhtred, in a rebellion he began to avenge the executions of Morcar and Sigerferth. By marrying Ealdgyth he gained claim to the Five Burroughs, and this ruler opposed his father's advisor (*) Edric Streona. This man gave up land in the Treaty of Olney after this father of Edward the Exile was defeated at the Battle of Ashingdon by Canute the Great. For 10 points, name this man who briefly ruled England in 1016 after the death of his father Aethelred the Unready, and who received his byname due to his martial prowess.
Answer: Edmund Ironside [or Edmund II]
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Rollo May wrote about this man's influence on existential psychotherapy in his introduction to this man's collected lectures. He also collaborated with Sandor Ferenczi on The Development of Psychoanalysis, and in another work, this author wrote about the role of questions in allowing people to step outside their social framework, which he explored in (*) Art and Artist. In one work, this man analyzed the childhood imagination, as well as various tales involving infants being floated down a river to die, being raised by animals or humble foster parents, and eventually attaining overdue honor. This author also theorized the artist as achieving the highest degree of self-consciousness with his division of people into adapted, productive, and neurotic types and theorized the human desire to minimize the conflicting "fear of death" and "fear of life". For ten points , name this author of The Myth of the Birth of the Hero and The Trauma of Birth.
Answer: Otto Rank
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Resonant cyclotron scattering modeling of the nonthermal spectra of these objects implies a plasma shell density up to four orders of magnitude higher than the Goldreich-Julian electron density of their less energetic versions. Local effects associated with them include Klein-Nishina pair creation, vacuum polarization birefringence, and Compton scattering suppression. (*) In 2008, fast optical flaring was confirmed in one of these objects, SWIFT J195509+2614 The first ring of matter around one was observed by the Spitzer Space Telescope, and absorption of their energy by these or by their coronae following crustal equilibrium collapse and fracturing is a proposed mechanism for the soft gamma repeater emission associated with them. FTP, name this type of neutron star proposed by Robert Duncan and Christopher Thompson, also responsible for X-ray Pulsar Emissions, and powered by the decay of magnetic fields on the order of 10 gigateslas.
Answer: Magnetars [accept Soft Gamma Repeater until mentioned]
 
2009 Chicago Open Bonuses by Geto Boyz Play Songs of Love
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The only method of total-synthesis of this compound was elucidated by Albert Eschenmoser and an American chemist. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this compound which has a central corrin ring, and whose central cobalt atom is co-ordinated to a dimethylbenzimidazole group. The cobalt atom is also usually bonded to a cyanide group when fresh off the factory.
Answer: Vitamin B12 [accept stuff like cyanocobalamin]
[10] The American scientist who worked on the total synthesis, was this dude, who also developed total syntheses of tetracycline and cephalosporin, and also names a cis-hydroxylation of olefins catalyzed by silver acetate.
Answer: Robert Burns Woodward
[10] The Woodward-Hoffman rules, which were developed simultaneously with the total synthesis of Vitamin B12, can be used to predict the stereochemistry of products in this type of reactions, which are very well explained via Frontier Molecular Orbital theory.
Answer: pericyclic reactions
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Friedrich List's ideas were immediate forerunners to the tariff laws that established it. For 10 points each:,
[10] Germany united economically around Prussia and excluded Austria under this customs union that promoted internal free trade.
Answer: Zollverein
[10] This successor to Metternich attempted to enter Austria into the Zollverein; he was more successful engineering the succession from Ferdinand I to Francis Joseph I.
Answer: Felix, Prince Furst zu Schwarzenberg
[10] During the 1848 revolution, Schwarzenberg entered this Count's army; this man had become a national hero during the Napoleonic wars while serving as chief of staff for Schwarzenberg's uncle, in which role he was a chief organizer of the Battle of Leipzig.
Answer: Johann Joseph Wenzel Anton Franz Karl, Count Graf Radetzky von Radetz
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The title character of this story pinches the Nun from the Convent of Quiet Self Improvement and is chased away by the Imitation Foreign Devil. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this story about a man who is unable to draw a round circle as a confession signature and fails to remember opera to sing before his execution.
Answer: The True Story of Ah Q [or Ah Q Zhengzhuan]
[10] "The True Story of Ah Q" was written by this author of Wandering and Call to Arms.
Answer: Lu Xun [or Chou Shu-jen]
[10] Xun discussed the aftermath of A Doll's House in this lecture given at the Peking Women's Normal College. He posits that among other things, Ibsen's The Lady from the Sea may answer the title question.
Answer: "After Nora Left" [or "After Nora Leaves What Then?;" accept reasonable equivalents]
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Name these composers of works for the piano, for 10 points each.,
[10] This composer of the opera Amalia Warden and Symphonie Romantique composed such piano works as The Dying Poet and became a celebrity in Europe for Bamboula, La Savane, Le Bananier, and Le Mancenillier, also called his Louisiana Quartet.
Answer: Louis Moreau Gottschalk
[10] This Austrian patronized by the Esterhazys on the recommendation of Haydn composed multiple Dances for Apollosaar and other works marking the Classical-Romantic transition such as his Piano Concerto No. 2 in A Minor and Piano Concerto No. 3 in B Minor. He also composed a notable trumpet concerto.
Answer: Johann Nepomuk Hummel
[10] This "King of Ragtime" was known for piano pieces like Maple Leaf Rag and the opera Treemonisha!
Answer: Scott Joplin
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Answer the following about the chemistry of magma, for 10 points each.,
[10] The melting of the ultramafic mantle typically produces a mafic magma of this common rock type composition, which may be further classified as tholeiitic, alkaline or calc-alkaline.
Answer: basaltic
[10] This model characterizes the chemical evolution of a melt in which minerals crystallize and do not back-react, or are immediately removed. Residual elements become enriched in the melt, with concentration given by the product of initial concentration, melt fraction remaining, and the partition function.
Answer: Rayleigh fractionation
[10] This corollary to Gibbs' Phase Rule often applied to magma chambers states that the number of phases is always less than or equal to the number of components for a system at a constant temperature and pressure.
Answer: Goldschmidt's mineralogical phase rule
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Chatham Manor was not the first slave uprising in the new world. For 10 points each:,
[10] Viotti da Costa's Crowns of Glory, Tears of Blood chronicles an 1823 rebellion in Demerara, which along with Essequibo and Berbice made up this British colony
Answer: British Guiana
[10] Mosby Sheppard and Dr James McClurg were among the whites who warned James Monroe about the group led by Jack Bowler and this man. His wife Nanny also aided in his namesake rebellion, which failed to attack to Richmond due to a flooding of Brook Swamp.
Answer: Gabriel Prosser
[10] Governor Claiborne put down this uprising led by George Deslondes. One participant, Jupiter, said they meant "to kill whites," but their goal might have been to seize a pile of arms left over from the Burr Conspiracy in modern Louisiana.
Answer: German Coast Uprising of 1811
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Mr. Slump writes an advice column titled "The Wisdom of the Guru Brahmin", and Mr. Joyboy works at a funeral parlor. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel about the British dilettante Dennis Barlow's adventures in America.
Answer: The Loved One
[10] The Loved One is a novel by this author of Decline and Fall and a novel about Charles Ryder.
Answer: Evelyn Arthur St. John Waugh
[10] This fiancee of Mr. Joyboy had earlier left Dennis Barlow when she discovered he worked at the Happier Hunting Grounds pet cemetary; she eventually kills herself in Joyboy's workroom.
Answer: Aimee Thanatogenos [accept either]
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It centered on the improper delivery of a crankshaft to the City-Steam Mills in Gloucester. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this seminal 1854 British contract case that established the standard for calculation of consequential damages. Mr. Kwalter's father-in law told him that as he did not discuss this case on his contracts final, he must surely have failed.
Answer: Hadley v. Baxendale
[10] This legal concept is at the center of the standard established in Hadley. It essentially states that in order for damages to be awarded, the defendant must have been able to reasonably anticipate the harm caused by their actions.
Answer: foreseeability [accept other word forms but do not accept synonyms]
[10] The appeal in Hadley was adjudicated in a court associated at the time with this revenue-managing British governmental entity whose Chancellor is Britain's chief economic minister.
Answer: the Exchequer
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This term was used by Francois Jacob to refer to the agglomeration of biological characteristics in a limited evolutionary environment. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this term sometimes loosely translated as "making do with what is at hand".
Answer: Bricolage
[10] This work of anthropology used the term bricolage to refer to the heterogeneous nature of mythology, which is constructed from the limited range of human experience available to a civilization. It contrasts the Bricoleur and the Engineer.
Answer: The Savage Mind [or La Pensee Sauvage]
[10] Identify the author of The Savage Mind, who also wrote about The Elementary Structures of Kinship and urged the readers to follow the title admonishments in Look, Listen, Read.
Answer: Claude Levi-Strauss
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They included the Nephelai, Aurai, and Anthousai. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this large group of water nymphs which also included members of the Titanides like Metis and Klymene.
Answer: Oceanides [or Okeanides]
[10] This goddess of retribution and revenge, alternately known as the "dispenser of dues," is sometimes grouped with the Okeanides.
Answer: Nemesis
[10] Nemesis was the companion and dark side of this goddess of good fortune who was often depicted with a rudder guiding the affairs of the world.
Answer: Tyche
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Identify some methods of analyzing and visualizing DNA, for 10 points each.,
[10] This procedure requires a cell culture to produce a photograph of the 46 chromosomes arranged in pairs for structural analysis; trisomy may be readily observed by this lab technique.
Answer: Karyotyping [accept word forms]
[10] Banding patterns can be observed using methods such as this Romanowsky-type stain, which uses the dyes Azure B and eosin Y and produces G-banding with trypsin or C-banding after pretreatment with a base.
Answer: Giemsa Stain
[10] These dyes, which contain bis-benzimide functionalities, have a high affinity for A and T bases, much like DAPI. Numbered 33258 and 33342, they are commonly used in FACS, and were developed by a namesake German company.
Answer: Hoechst stains
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Name these Billy Joel songs, for 10 points each.,
[10] The titular substance of this song will "get you high" on nights when your sister's gone out on a date and you, like Charlie Dees, sit home and masturbate.
Answer: Captain Jack
[10] The singer of this song declares that "If I stand or I fall/It's all or nothing at all" before saying that he doesn't know why he performs the title action.
Answer: I Go to Extremes
[10] "The waitress always serves a secret smile in this other Billy Joel song, in which the singer has got "the old man's car," "a jazz guitar," and a tab at the titular bar.
Answer: Zanzibar
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Name these plays by Pedro Calderon de la Barca, for 10 points each.,
[10] In this play, Eusebio is unwittingly killed by his father Curcio for his slaying of his lost brother Lisardo and romancing of his lost sister Julia, who was abandoned alongside him as an infant.
Answer: The Devotion of the Cross [or La Devocion de la Cruz]
[10] After beginning the action by murdering Licio in a duel, Carlos Colona woos Flora and is inadvertently aided by Arnaldo, who preserves Laura's honor by pretending to be Carlos when arrested in her house.
Answer: It Is Better Than It Was [or Mejor Esta Que Estaba]
[10] This play ends with the overthrow of King Basilio by his son Segismundo after the prince's release from the mountain fortress and Segismundo's subsequent marriage to Estrella.
Answer: Life is a Dream [or La Vida es Sueno]
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Identify the following about architecture in the movements associated with Moholy-Nagy, for 10 points each.,
[10] This constructivist sought to synthesize architecture and sculpture and he joined the Sinskul'p-tarkh to add painting to that synthesis; a Productivist, he renounced easel painting to be closer to industry and painted black-on-black works in a one man show to spite his rival, Malevich.
Answer: Aleksandr Mikhailovich Rodchenko
[10] This student of architecture taught at the same Vitebsk school as Malevich while producing "Projects for the Affirmation of the New," or "PROUNs," highly abstract paintings of geometric designs often given architectural names; Moholy-Nagy spread this man's work in America.
Answer: Lazar "El(iezer)" Markovich Lissitzky
[10] Malevich, an enemy of Rodchenko and an inspiration to Lissitzky, pioneered the geometrical painting of this post-Cubist movement in Russia, applied to architecture by Nikolai Suetin and Ilya Chashnik.
Answer: Suprematism [Accept word forms]
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Answer some questions about the Spanish Inquisition, for 10 points each.,
[10] This body consisted of four, later five or six, members picked by the ruler of Castile from the Grand Inquisitor's list of three recommendations, la terna. It generally functioned as an appellate court, issuing cartas acordadas, and it notably held sway in all of Spain's Catholic kingdoms.
Answer: Supreme Council of the Inquisition [or Suprema; accept equivalents including "supreme" and "council"]
[10] This religious adviser to Isabella I became Grand Inquisitor in Castile and Leon in 1483 and went on to preside over around 2000 burnings at the stake; he was notably a converso himself.
Answer: Tomas de Torquemada
[10] Known as Illuminati in Italy, these Spanish mystics, who believed they communicated directly with the Holy Spirit, were persecuted by the Inquisition throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Answer: Alumbrados
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Show you can follow Newton's first law by naming the following about equations regarding inertia, for 10 points each.,
[10] This rule named states that the inertia of a solid is given by the product of the square of the semimajor axes perpendicular to the rotational axis and its mass over 3 for cuboids, 4 for cylinders or 5 for ellipsoids.
Answer: Routh's Rule
[10] A secondary inertia vector in this theorem may be calculated by the inertial tensor plus the product of the mass, the square of the displacement vector and the Kronecker delta, minus the product of the mass, the original tensor and its perpendicular vector. It is used when the rotational axis of an object does not pass through the center of mass.
Answer: Huygens-Steiner parallel axis theorem
[10] The moment of inertia of this object about its z-axis is given by the mass times the quantity three-fourths times the square of the major radius plus the square of the minor radius.
Answer: torus
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Besides supporting the Nazis during World War II and spending an inordinate amount of time in insane asylums, Ezra Pound also wrote some poetry. For 10 points each, name some poems that notably are NOT "The River Merchant's Wife.",
[10] Part one of this Pound poem is dominated by the title poet's alter-ego "E.P.," and its four middle sections describe the history of "recent" British poetry.
Answer: "Hugh Selwyn Mauberly"
[10] In this poem, a model of imagism, the apparitions of faces in a crowd are like "Petals on a wet, black bough." ANSWER: In a Station of the Metro
Answer: Sestina: Altaforte
[10] In this poem, the leopard is the device of Richard Coeur de Lion, and Papiols is the jongleur of the speaker. Name this work, whose narrator hopes that "Hell grant soon we hear again the swords clash! And the shrill neighs of destriers in battle rejoicing."
Answer:
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This creation is divided into the upper "domain" and the lower "apparatus" and features a "Chocolate Grinder" and nine "Malic Molds." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this work, which was only finished after it cracked when the artist dropped it.
Answer: The Bride Stripped Bare by her Bachelors, Even [or La Mariee Mise a nu par ses Celibataires, Meme;or The Large Glass]
[10] Immediately following Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, this work features two peepholes showing a nude woman spreading her legs and holding a lantern in front of a green landscape.
Answer: Etant Donnes: 1. La chute d'eau, 2. Le gaz d'eclairage [or Given: 1. The Waterfall, 2. The Illuminating Gas]
[10] This man created the Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even and Etant Donnes.
Answer: Marcel Duchamp
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Its formulator used the "Two Hells" thought experiment to reject the "Impersonal Average Principle." For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this idea that for any population of above 10 billion people with high quality of life, there must be a larger population that maximizes utility, even if the members of such a population have lives that are "barely worth living," created by Derek Parfit.
Answer: The Repugnant Conclusion
[10] This super famous philosopher put forth another theory of happiness called the felicity principle in his Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation. In addition to doing that, he wrote a notable tract on religion called Church-of-Englandism and argued for the decriminalization of homosexuality.
Answer: Jeremy Bentham
[10] Another philosopher who created a "felicity principle" is this German Young Hegelian who wrote The Essence of Christianity.
Answer: Ludwig Andreas von Feuerbach
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This man served as chief of staff in the British mission to Japan, and later served as Minister of State for Foreign Affairs. For 10 points each:,
[10] This British politician served as Secretary of War for three years under Harold MacMillan, before being forced to resign amidst a scandal.
Answer: John Dennis Profumo
[10] This showgirl's sexual relations with the secretary caused the Profumo Affair and led to the Labor party's defeat of the Conservatives in 1964.
Answer: Christine Keeler
[10] This man was charged with prostitution following the scandal. He had introduced Keeler and Profumo, and had previously had an affair with Keeler himself. He committed suicide rather than face charges.
Answer: Stephen Ward

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