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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Chicago Open Tossups by Finals 2
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One character in this work repeatedly mutters, "No foundation. All the way down the line," while another is constantly calling Elsie Mandelspiegel. In addition to Dudley R. Bostwick, this work features a character who expounds on the dichotomy between "workers" and "heels." Entertainers in this work include the Black piano player Wesley and the aspiring comedian Harry. Tom is puzzled upon being asked to buy toys for a former burlesque dancer, for whom the main character buys a bottle of champagne at the beginning of this play. A cowboy in this work claims to have fought a man with an iron claw and herded cattle with a bicycle, and the climax of this play comes when that character, Kit Carson, shoots the meddlesome vice cop Blick, who had entered the bar in which this play is set to pester the prostitute Kitty Duval. Set in Nick's Pacific Street Saloon, this is, for ten points, what play in which Joe claims that the title period should not be wasted on regrets, a work by William Saroyan?
Answer: The Time of Your Life
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Arthur Nicolson began the negotiations that led to this agreement, which concluded by resolving to inform Japan of its terms. Later in the same year it was signed, this agreement was contradicted in correspondence involving Henry McMahon. It was supplemented by the Agreement of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne and it was modified at the Conference of (*) San Remo. This agreement established Alexandretta as a free port, and it became public when it was published by Soviet officials, who had been cut out of this treaty for withdrawing from World War I. One side gained Acre and Haifa, and it established the Iraq-Syria border by assigning them to different spheres of influence. For 10 points, name this 1916 agreement to divide up the Middle East, signed by representative of Britain and France.
Answer: Sykes-Picot Agreement [accept Picot-Sykes]
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This essay underscores one of its important points by observing that "as man acts, so he thinks and feels." This essay discusses what it considers to be a mistaken anthropological notion that human society was in its genesis contentious and that their prolicivities were turned toward destruction. This essay instead argues that the instinct for destruction came aobut after the facility of people to kill increased. It also refers to a "sanction of decorum" that prevents people from complaining about a certain situation, which this essay refers to as an irrefutable "Cultural fact." This essay refers several times to a "Great body of people" who were not sportsmen, but instead turned towards turning things to human use. For ten points, identify this essay by Torstein Veblen which discusses the propensity of men to create things as a response to the sub-titular "Irksomeness of Labor."
Answer: "The Instinct of Workmanship and the Irksomeness of Labor"
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In one of this man's works a naked woman is passed out face down on a blue cloth next to a pinecone, while another depicts a young woman barely covered by a blue shawl attempting to prevent Eros from piercing her heart with an arrow. In addition to The Youth of Bacchus, this artist depicted a long string of nude figures extending unsupported up toward the heavens in his Oreades. Two heavily-muscled men bite and tear at each other in front of a demon and the two title characters in his Dante and Virgil in Hell, while five women fawn over a naked winged child in his Admiration. He departed from his usual subject matter to paint Napoleon III Visiting the Flood Victims of Tarascon in 1856, which was commissioned by the state. Better-known works by this man include Destitute Family and Zenobia Discovered by Shepherds on the Bank of the River Araxes, the latter of which is indicative of the dedication to classical technique and subject matter that set him at odds with the Impressionists. For 10 points name this French academic painter.
Answer: William-Adolphe Bouguereau
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5. Mandelkern shows that this theorem is nonconstructive due to its equivalence to the Limited Principle of Omniscience, which is duplicated by its Brouwerian counterexamples. Its namesake property for ideals is equivalent to a P-point of the Cech-Stone compactification beta-omega, but it fails for ideals when their quotient Boolean algebra has a countably splitting family. Its extension to transfinite step sequences with ordinal indices leads to a proof for the Erdos-Rado theorem. (*) One of its common proofs generates a series of nested intervals, each of which contains the leftmost subinterval of the last, and demonstrates that their left end points are a Cauchy sequence with a limit about which the subinterval contains infinitely many points of an infinite set. It follows from subsequences of real numbers via the Monotone convergence axiom, and may be derived from Cantor's intersection theorem and the Heine-Borel theorem, to which it is equivalent. FTP, name this algebraic theorem stating every bounded infinite sequence contains a convergent subsequence, named for a Czech and a German mathematician.
Answer: Bolzano-Weierstrass Theorem[accept: Heine-Borel Theorem until it is mentioned]
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One character in this work attempts to woo the object of his affection by dancing in her bathroom and hiring a bum to stand outside her window with a green twig in his mouth. This work is interrupted by a fable in which the professors Philifor and Anti-Philifor shoot the limbs off each other's lovers. After his companion rapes the Youthfuls' maid the protagonist flees with him only to be set upon by villagers turned into dogs, and he later absconds with his cousin Isabel after his uncle nearly beats the stable boy Bert to death. An important incident in this novel sees the schoolboy Siphon subjected to"violation by the ear" after a battle of grimaces with Mientus over the other boys' innocence. After waking up from a nightmare at the novel's beginning the protagonist is visited by Professor Pimko, who quizzes him on Latin grammar until he regresses to adolescence and enters the plot of his own novel. For ten points name this novel about Johnnie Kowalski, the masterpiece of Witold Gombrowicz.
Answer: Ferdydurke
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The first evidence of this phenomenon is preserved by space-inflation induced stretching of Batchelor-Obukhov-Corrsin temperature spectra, and it first appeared at least ten to the minus 33 seconds following the Big Bang. A Hopfinger Cell is a useful tool in studying it, and laboratory simulations often employ the Smagorinsky Model to determine its local-scale kinematics. Its onset occurs during (*) Taylor-Green conditions in LES simulations, which may be experimentally modeled in the Boussinesq approximation. For small increments the occurrence of molecular diffusion it causes varies as the cube of the viscosity and the inverse of the energy dissipation rate to the one-fourth. That relation is the Kolmogorov length scale, which assumes isotropic flow in small scales, though for larger scales entropy across total vorticity increases. For 10 points, name this characterization of fluids with high Froude and Reynold's numbers typified by chaotic eddy-current shedding, the opposite of laminar flow.
Answer: turbulence or turbulent flow
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In some regions, this festival is associated with the worship of a shami tree, and historically that ritual was frequently accompanied by a mock battle where a king's army drove away foreigners from the East. A notable parade which celebrates this event ends at Banni Mantapa after beginning at the Chamundi temple near the Mysore palace in Karnataka. It is celebrated on the 10th day of the waxing moon of the month of Ashwin, and it occurs exactly 18 days before (*) Diwali. In some communities, it is accompanied by a Rama Leela, after which statues of Ravana are burned, while others celebrate this festival in honor of the victory of Durga over the demon Mahishasura. It gets its name from the fact that it celebrated after the nine day period called "navaratri." For 10 points, identify this prominent festival of India.
Answer: Dasara [or Dusshera; or Vijaya Dashami; prompt on "Navaratri" until mentioned]
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Malaspina and Ergun offer an interpretation of examples of these entities which possess transverse electric fields as eigenmodes of solar wind density cavities. The kinetic equation that describes them may be derived by applying the Wigner-Moyal transform to their respective field relations. Their conversion to electromagnetic radiation is a key mechanism of Type-III Solar Bursts. Their propagation is governed by the (*) Bohm-Gross relation, and the Zakharov equations describe their interaction with the oscillatory modes with which they are always associated, which leads to a deceleration known as Landau Damping. Resulting from density enhancements which violate local charge neutrality, they may generate voltages higher than 100 giga-electron volts per meter. FTP, name these rapid fluctuations in electron density in a plasma, the fastest known matter waves.
Answer: Langmuir Waves
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One character in this work keeps a copy of Marital Relational Psychology in his desk, and that character murders his mistress with a corkscrew. The drunken Nelly Mahone repeatedly chastizes the protagonist of this work, who is stabbed near the eye while fighiting in an ancient tunnel found under a police station. Miss Cheeseman appoints the protagonist to ghost write her autobiography, and the protagonist first works under Mr Durce at Meadows, Meade & Grindley. The protagonist of this work encourages typewriters working under Mrs. Coverdale to take Mondays off, repeatedly points out the horn-like bumps on his head, and considers his fear of illnesses to be his "fatal flaw." The protagonists antics drive a wedge in the relationship between Dixie Morse and her fiance Humprey Place, who finally get married as the Scotch protagonist leaves the titular town. For 10 points, identify this novel in which the devilish Dougal Douglas disrupts the quiet life of the title town, a work by Muriel Spark.
Answer: The Ballad of Peckham Rye
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Kapessi Kafundanga was a leader of this organization, as was the awesomely named Abel Chivukuvuku. Several leaders of this organization were killed in the Halloween Massacre, including Jeremias Chitunda. Efforts to stop the activity of this group were led by UNAVEM, and this group protested elections soon after accepting the Protocol of Estoril and signing the Bicesse Accords. A split in this organization led to the creation of the offshoot Renewal faction, and it is now led by (*) Isaias Samakuva. Largely composed of members of the Chokwe and Ovimbundu ethnic groups, this organization allied with one led by Holden Roberto. This group was opposed by Cuban troops, while it was itself supported by South Africa in a Cold War proxy war. It allied itself with the FNLA in a 1975-2002 civil war, in which this group fought against Agostinho Neto and the MPLA, now led by Jose Eduardo dos Santos. For 10 points, name this anti-Communist rebel group that went mainstream soon after the 2002 assassination of its leader, Jonas Savimbi, and which was active in Angola.
Answer: UNITA [or National Union for the Total Independence of Angola; or Uniao Nacional para a Independencia Total de Angola; accept FALA; accept Armed Forces for the Liberation of Angola; accept Forcas Armadas de Libertacao de Angola]
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The Korsten method sometimes replaces the Edmeister method for calculating this quantity, as the latter deviates significantly for heavier hydrocarbons in petroleum fractions. A more accurate method gives this quantity as a second order function of the Watson characterization number, and in a more often used formulation of that method, this quantity is multiplied by the first order term to give vapor (*) pressure. In addition to being used in the Lee-Kesler method, it is related to the negative logarithm of the reduced saturation pressure at a reduced temperature of 0.7. All fluids which have similar values for this quantity, reduced pressure, and reduced temperature have similar compressibility factors and display similar deviation from ideal behavior. Noble gases are defined to have a value of zero for this quantity, which was introduced by K. S. Pitzer. For 10 points, identify this quantity which describes the degree to which fluid molecules deviate from being spherically symmetric.
Answer: acentric factor
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Characters with this description gain their final skill after ascending the Tower of Might in one appearance. Some of Donald Duck's weapons in the Kingdom Hearts series appear to have the heads of characters with this description. A band named after these characters plays songs like "Bombing Mission" and "Distant Worlds." Along with his twin sister, one character to hold this description turned into stone after the battle with Kainozzo in order to save Cecil and Tellah. Characters with this description populate an entire village which is invaded by Kuja, and three of them have the description "Waltz." Another character holding this description is the friend of Quon, frequently trips, and gains the ability to cast the spell Firaga from the Octogon Staff. For ten points, identify this character class which frequently wears a blue robes and a wide-brimmed hat over a blank face with glowing yellow eyes, a mainstay of the Final Fantasy series.
Answer: Black Mages or Black Wizards
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This group included the author of the "Loco" letters, and another member of this group wrote the essay "Laocoon" and gave a notable speech while extremely ill in favor of funding a certain treaty. In addition to Stephen Higginson and Fisher Ames, they included the supposed author of the "Conciliatory Resolutions." Accusations of their use of traitorous nighttime signals led to them being labeled (*) "Blue Lights," and Theophilus Parsons was a member of this group. Another member of this group was the author of the Continental Army's drill manual and succeeded Henry Knox as Secretary of War. Having a name coined by John Hancock, this group's members included George Cabot and Timothy Pickering, who was dismissed as Secretary of State for supporting war with France contrary to the wishes of this group's enemy, John Adams, who labeled them a "British faction." For 10 points, name this group of radical Federalists mainly from Massachusetts who attempted to secede New England from the union and who dominated the Hartford Convention.
Answer: Essex Junto [I suppose prompt on "Federalists"]
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One character in this film tells a joke about the difference between a certain man and a telephone after another tells one about that man talking to the sun. It ends with the protagonist purchasing a copy of Sonata for A Good Man, and late in this film he is demoted to steam-opening letters. One character takes advantage of his position to rape a woman in a limousine and another character hides a (*) typewriter under the floorboards. Christa-Maria throws herself in front of a truck after she believes she has betrayed her boyfriend, the playwright Georg Dreyman, who is being watched by Gerd Wiesler, portrayed by Ulrich Muhe. For Ten Points, name this Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck film about the Stasi's surveillance in East Berlin, winner of the 2007 Best Foreign Language Film Oscar.
Answer: The Lives of Others [or Das Leben der Anderen]
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Kleist is held up in this work as a poet "who would go to any lengths to slip something by at odds with tradition". Members of the group examined in this work are labelled "precocious" and "have their mouths gagged with pollen" since the prevailing view about them is that "dark is dangerous". This work states that that group's "new history is coming" and will destroy the status quo's "conceptual orthopedics." It claims that classical bisexuality has been "squashed under the emblem of castration fear" and should be rejected in favor of "other bisexuality" that is free of the "false theater of phallocentric representationalism" that characterizes the central activity. This work insists that a woman without a body is a "servant of the militant male" and must overcome that by becoming a "springboard for subversive action" and "seizing the occasion to speak" and "write for herself". For 10 points identify this essay that claims that the "woman who writes cuts herself out a paper penis" by Helene Cixous that advocates for the establishment of a female written counterposition to the "universal male".
Answer: "The Laugh of the Medusa" (or "La Rire de la Meduse")
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This protein phosphorylates GCN2, which itself phosphorylates eIF2 alpha to inhibit translation of mRNA, and it also regulates translation initiation through the downstream activation of S6 Kinase and 4E-BP. The TSC1, TSC2, and Rheb proteins mediate crosstalk between this protein and PI-3 Kinase pathways. This protein is inactive in nutrient deficient environments, and in Saccharomyces, inactivation of this protein results in cell-cycle arrest at the G1 stage. The (*) mammalian form of this protein forms a complex with the Rictor protein, which decreases its kinase activity, and also with the Raptor protein. This family of proteins gets its name from the fact that they are inhibited by a namesake compound first isolated from Streptomyces hygroscopicus and that compound is alternatively called sirolimus. For 10 points, identify this pathway which is abbreviated as TOR.
Answer: Target of Rapamycin [accept TOR until mentioned; accept TORC; accept any of "mammalian Target Of Rapamycin" or "drosophila TOR" or "c. elegans TOR;" accept RAPT1; accept FK506-Binding protein12-rapamycin complex-Associated protein or FRAP; I suppose you can prompt on "target of sirolimus" until "sirolimus" mentioned; accept any of the listed correct answer which has a "1" or "2" appended, such as TOR1" or "TOR2;"]
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One army from this polity was assisted by forces under Nausicles and razed Naryx, and it unsuccessfully attempted to build a fortress at Abae. After one victory of this polity it carved a privilege for Athens onto a metal wolf, and it later angered an Athenian delegation under Proxenus after going back on its offer to deliver the cities of Alponus, Thronium, and Nicaea. Notable leaders of this polity include Phalaecus and (*) Phayllus, and another was killed in the Battle of Neon at Tithorea after putting the Thracidae to death and fighting against the Locrians of Amphissa. This polity allied with Lycophron of Pherae, and it lost a battle where the victors wore laurel wreaths and the aftermath of which saw the drowning of the captured soldiers and the posthumous crucifixion of this polity's commander, Onomarchus. Soon following that defeat at Crocus Field, this polity had all of its major cities destroyed by Philip II of Macedon, ending a conflict that began when its leader Philomelus seized a certain treasury. For 10 points, name this district of Greece west of Boeotia that fought for control of Delphi in the second and third Sacred Wars.
Answer: Phocis [or the Phocians]
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This figure threatens Glewlwyd Gavaelvawr that he will let loose three shouts that will make barren every woman in a palace, and this figure apparently got his name because he was born in a swine's burrow. This man gives a gold ring to Custennin the herdsman, whose son Goreu accomplishes a task for him, and this man's mother made his father promise not to remarry until a briar with two blossoms grows on her grave. One companion of this figure kills Gwrnach the Giant, and he and his companions have three poisoned darts thrown at them, which they throw back at their attacker. This figure's step-mother declares that he will not have a wife until he obtains a certain woman, whom this man obtains by accomplishing the tasks of Yspaddaden Penkawr with the help of such figures as Bedwyr and Kai. For 10 points, name this figure from Welsh myth, a cousin of Arthur who goes on a quest to win the hand of Olwen.
Answer: Culhwch
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This author's short stories were collected in Diamond Dust and Games at Twilight. One of this author's protagonists lives alone in a mansion known as Carignano, while Matteo and Sophie become attached to a spiritual leader known only as "Mother" in this author's Journey to Ithaca. Sita's unwanted fifth pregnancy leads her to flee to the island on which she grew up in this author's Where Shall We Go This Summer?, while Deven's interview of the Urdu poet Nur Saahib is the subject of this author's In Custody. This author wrote about a cat-loving Jewish refugee fleeing from the Nazis in Baumgartner's Bombay, and the Patton family plays host to an Indian college student named Arun in another of this author's novels, which contrasts Arun with his comely older sister, Uma. The marriage of Raja's daughter reunites Tara with her older sister, the unmarried history teacher Bim, in this author's novel about the Das family. For ten points name this author of Fasting, Feasting and Clear Light of Day whose daughter wrote The Inheritance of Loss.
Answer: Anita Desai (accept just Desai before "daughter")
 
2009 Chicago Open Bonuses by Finals 2
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Some of this man's literary criticism includes his Notes on the Tragedies of Shakespeare and he collected some of his poetry in the descriptively named Blank Verse. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this writer whose most famous works include "Mrs Battle's Opinions On Whist," "A Bachelor's Complaint Of the Behaviour Of Married People," and "A Dissertation Upon Roast Pig," which were collected in Essays of Elia.
Answer: Charles Lamb
[10] A contemporary essayist to Charles Lamb, this man sketched twenty-five people including Wilberforce and PM Canning in his The Spirit of the Age and chronicled his attempt to seduce a woman named Susan in his Liber Amoris, or, the New Pygmalion.
Answer: William Hazlitt
[10] This other Romantic essayist wrote the poem "Rose Aylmer," but may be better known for a set of dialogues that pair non-contemporary historical figures, the Imaginary Conversations.
Answer: Walter Savage Landor
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This incident began in the mining town of Matewan, where agents of the Baldwin-Felts Detective Agency engaged in illegal anti-union activities. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this armed uprising of ten thousand West Virginia coal miners that lasted for a week in 1921.
Answer: Battle of Blair Mountain
[10] This union leader unsuccessfully attempted to prevent the strike from turning into an armed action. This figure is better known being an important figure in the Knights of Labor and for leading a "children's crusade," a march on Theodore Roosevelt's home.
Answer: Mary Harris "Mother" Jones
[10] Mother Jones was arrested for her role in a strike of Colorado coal miners led by Louis Tikas. That strike resulted in this April 20, 1914 massacre when the National Guard raided a tent colony in the namesake town.
Answer: Ludlow Massacre
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Auto-inducers are secreted to facilitate this process. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this behavior exhibited by certain species of bacteria which change the pattern of their gene expression as the population density of their environment changes.
Answer: quorum sensing [accept close alternatives]
[10] Vibrio fischeri use quorum sensing to regulate this behavior to guide their hosts such as squids towards sources of food. Luciferases are one class of enzymes which help produce this behavior.
Answer: bioluminescence
[10] The most well characterized systems of quorum sensing in gram negative bacterial utilize this class of signal compounds, which are made of a modified amino-acid with a hydroxyl group bound to a class of cyclic esters.
Answer: homoserine lactones [or HSL; or HL]
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His works include Jackstraws and Dismantling the Silence. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Serbian-American poet of The World Doesn't End and Somewhere Among Us a Stone Is Taking Notes.
Answer: Charles Simic
[10] This author talks about the "Simic Sieve" in her essay collection Soul Says. Other works include The Art of Shakespeare's Sonnets and On Extended Wings, a study of Wallace Stevens.
Answer: Helen Vendler
[10] Vendler also wrote a book about the work of this poet whose best-known collection includes the poems Jordan I and II and "Easter Wings"
Answer: George Herbert
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This man earned his nation the territory of Ukraine west of the Dnieper in the Treaty of Carlowitz. For 10 points each:,
[10] This King of Poland and Elector of Saxony had less success in gaining Livonia, which he invaded to spark the Great Northern War. Charles XII then put the smackdown on him, forcing him to abdicate in favor of Stanislaw Leszcysnski. His death started the War of the Polish Succession.
Answer: Augustus II [or Augustus the Strong; accept Frederick Augustus I of Saxony]
[10] Augustus is also noted for his many bastards; foremost among them was this French marshal. He fought against his half-brother the War of the Polish Succession, but is most famous for beating the Duke of Cumberland at the Battle of Fontenoy.
Answer: Maurice, comte de Saxe
[10] Augustus was forced to abdicate his throne in this treaty; after being restored, he signed another treaty here in which he agreed not to ally with France against Joseph I.
Answer: Treaty of Altranstadt
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The title character is told that it is his destiny to be both a murderer and a saint by an old gypsy. For 10 points each,
[10] Name this novel about a Russian peasant who joins the army and returns to his village of Koropta only to terrorize its inhabitants
Answer: Tarabas: A Guest on Eart
[10] Tarabas is a work by this author of a novel about the set-upon Hebrew teacher Mendel Singer, Job.
Answer: Joseph Roth
[10] Joseph Roth is best known for this novel about the Trotta family that takes its name from an 1848 work by Johann Strauss Sr.
Answer: The Radetzky March
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The Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer and LAGEOS spacecrafts have provided the best proof of this phenomenon. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this type of orbital precession exhibited by hot gases near the event horizons of rotating black holes, in which the spin and orbit are coupled, leading to synchronization of X-ray emissions.
Answer: Lense-Thirring Effect (ACCEPT relativistic frame dragging)
[10] The Lense-Thirring Effect is one proposed mechanism for the motion of these gas features commonly exhibited by radio galaxies. Their motion traces out opposing conical surfaces due to alignment with the black hole spin axis.
Answer: binary jets (ACCEPT equivalents)
[10] The alignment of binary jets in active galactic nuclei is caused by this gravitomagnetic-viscous resonance which drives the inner portion of accretion discs around black holes to precess within the hole's equatorial plane, locking the jets into their north-south preferred orientation.
Answer: Bardeen-Petterson Effect
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While this dude was hunting by Mount Hymettus, he was kidnapped by Eos, but refused to break his marriage vows. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this son of Hermes, who in a hunting accident accidentally kills his wife Procris.
Answer: Cephalus
[10] The magical javelin used to kill Procris had been given to her as a gift by Artemis; she also gave Laelaps, an example of one of these animals, to Procris. A golden one of these animals was used by Rhea to guard Zeus and Amalthea.
Answer: dog [or hound; accept equivalents]
[10] Laelaps, who always caught his prey, was used by Amphitryon to hunt this animal that terrorized Thebes and which could never be caught. The resulting paradox hurt Zeus's head so much that he turned both creatures into stone or, in some stories, constellations.
Answer: Teumissian Fox [or Alopekos Teumesios]
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Identify the following about a class of compounds, for 10 points each.,
[10] This class of salts, which can be hydrolyzed to thiols, are frequently used to create asymmetric disulfides. They are named for the person who first synthesized them by reacting alkyl halides with sodium thiosulfate.
Answer: Bunte salts
[10] The compound usually exists in a equilibrium mixture with phenyl-thio-phosphine sulfide. Along with the similar compound P4S10 it allows for the efficient conversion of a vast number of carbonyl-containing compounds into their thio-carbonyl variants.
Answer: Lawesson's Reagent [prompt on LR; I guess you can accept: 2,4-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,3,2,4-dithiadiphosphetane-2,4-disulfide]
[10] Lawesson's reagent can be used in Paal-Knorr synthesis to produce derivatives of thiophene. Thiophene is a sulfur analog of this oxygen-containing compound, whose tetrahydrogenated form is commonly used as a solvent.
Answer: furan [or oxole; or furfuran; or divinylene oxide; or tetrole; or C4H4O]
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Answer the following about the painting at Archduke Leopold Wilhelm's Galleries at Brussels:,
[10] This Flemish genre artist created the painting. His father, son, and grandson were all artists with the same name.
Answer: David Teniers the younger
[10] Depicted at the top center of the gallery painting is this Giorgione work. It is thought one of the depicted figures may be Contarini, a scholar of alchemy and astrology.
Answer: The Three Philosophers
[10] Toward the upper left corner is a painting whose title, "antiquarius," is written in a cartouche in its top right. This painting was the work of this Italian whose last work, Feast of the Gods, was completed by Giovanni Bellini.
Answer: Tiziano Vecelli or Titian
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While studying in Japan, this man joined the Tongmenghui, and he later was a founder of the KMT. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who was expected to become premier of China after the 1913 elections until his assassination.
Answer: Song Jiaoren
[10] Song's death is generally blamed on this president of China, an opponent of the KMT. In 1915, he attempted to proclaim himself emperor with the reign name of "Constitutional Abundance."
Answer: Yuan Shikai
[10] Documents found in the home of Song's assassin directly implicated this Interior Minister under Yuan in ordering the hit. After being sent to serve as municipal governor of Tianjin, he was poisoned, probably on the orders of Yuan.
Answer: Zhao Bingjun
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Answer the following from experimental petrology, FTPE:,
[10] This famous series begins with a homogenous mafic melt from which successively complex silicates crystallize, and contains a continuous series consisting of plagioclase and discontinuous series progressing from olivine to quartz. Its progenitor used it to explain how multiple igneous rock types may form from a single magma.
Answer: Bowen's Reaction Series
[10] The isotherms of these mineral assemblages which correspond to specific ranges of pressure and temperature were established by Winkler's Experiments, which examined quartz, illite, kaolinite and chlorite mixtures in equilibrium with saline solution at various temperatures.
Answer: metamorphic facies
[10] In this experiment of an Italian chemist, five liters of seawater were dessicated to determine the order of crystallization of evaporites. The sequence progressed from calcite and hematite to gypsum, halite, epsomite, and brine salts, explaining the stratigraphy of salt deposits. Van't Hoff later summarized the results of this experiment.
Answer: Usiglio's Experiment
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The protagonist of this novel begins it as a crime reporter by day and dance-band leader by night, but by the end of the novel, he's unemployed and homeless. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novella bout Amusa Sango, with whom the beautiful streetwalker Aina falls in love. Other characters include the two Beatrices, one of whom Sango falls in love with.
Answer: The People of the City
[10] Identify the author of The People of the City who also wrote about Igbos like himself in Divided We Stand and Gone to Mecca.
Answer: Cyprian Ekwensi
[10] Cyprian Ekwensi wrote several novels about this life-loving prostitute, including one title after her and one titlted after her daughter.
Answer: Jagua Nana
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After the Lex Claudia greatly increased the difficulty for senators to undertake extensive economic activities, these people became the chief merchant class of Rome. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this order of Roman aristocracy which got its name from the fact that members were able to afford there own horse and thus serve as cavalry in Roman armies.
Answer: equites [or equestrians; accept word forms; grudgingly accept knights]
[10] Equites made up the majority of these people, which in general means any contractor with the government, but more often refers specifically to those in charge of tax farming in the provinces.
Answer: publicani
[10] The ability of the publicani to extort the most money out of their subjects was assisted by the Lex Acilia passed by Gaius Gracchus, which gave equestrians total control of this permanent court which handled extortion cases.
Answer: quaestio repetundarum
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Its followers engage in Deity, Guru, and Death types of Yoga and its scriptures are the tantras. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this sect of Buddhism often thought be a derivative of Mahayana of which Shingon and Tibetan Buddhism are varieties.
Answer:
[10] The Hindu practice of Tantra that includes Kundalini Yoga and sexual exercises and rites is primarily centered around the worship of this goddess, the female force and Great Divine Mother, often syncretized with Devi.
Answer: volume resistivity (ACCEPT specific resistance, but DO NOT ACCEPT OR PROMPT ON "resistance")
[10] The Vajrayana practice of Deity Yoga concentrates on these principles which include seeing the body as the body of the deity, seeing the environment as the land of the deity, seeing enjoyment as the happiness of the deity, and altruism.
Answer: Bloch-Gruneisen Equation
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This man's tribute album recently won the Grammy for Album of the Year. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this fusion pianist who played in Davis' second great quintet. His own works include "Maiden Voyage," "Chameleon," and "Rockit."
Answer: Herbie Hancock
[10] This Herbie Hancock appeared on his album Takin' Off, originally with solos by Freddie Hubbard and Dexter Gordon. It may be even more notable for having been performed by Mongo Santamaria.
Answer: "Watermelon Man"
[10] Herbie Hancock was signed to this incredibly influential jazz label, established by Lion and Margulis, which basically started bebop and signed other musicians like Charlie Parker and Art Bakely.
Answer: Blue Note Records
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Stefan Muschenich has theoretically demonstrated the existence of this while keeping the original constraints under which it arose. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this form of energy which arises from the libido, through which mental neuroses can theoretically manifest as a sort of body armor.
Answer: Orgone Energy
[10] Identify the theorist who came up with orgone energy and made all sorts of ridiculous claims about its efficacy in treating cancer and other illnesses.
Answer: Wilhelm Reich
[10] Orgone energy has been compared to this other form of energy which creates colored auras and allows hypnotism. Its name was coinced by Carl Von Reichenbach.
Answer: Odic force
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The beginning of the signifier that begins one of these concepts is called an "initial baptism." For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this concept from philosophy which refers to a label that picks out the same object in all possible worlds.
Answer: Rigid designator
[10] Rigid designators were written about in Naming and Necessity by this man, who also wrote Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language.
Answer: Saul Kripke
[10] One of Saul Kripke's most notable articles, this work deals with a French boy named Pierre who knows that "Londres est jolie," but not that "London is beautiful.," which allows him to concurrently hold the belief that London is Beautiful and" "London is not beautiful."
Answer: "A Puzzle about Belief"
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The protagonist of this novle enjoys visiting his great-aunt Emily's house to talk about the cosmic importance of the people that they know. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this novel about Binx Bolling, who watches the Mardi Gras parade with Kate Cutrer. She herself is engaged to Walter Wade, although she ends up with Binx in an incestuous pairing.
Answer: The Moviegoer
[10] The Moviegoer is a novel by this author who also wrote Love Among the Ruins and "Lost in the Cosmos."
Answer: Walker Percy
[10] Walker Percy also wrote this novel about psychotherapist Tom More, who embarks on an investigation with his cousin Lucy Lipscomb to find the source of the titular disease.
Answer: The Thanatos Syndrome

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