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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Chicago Open Tossups by Finals 1
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This man is the author of the musical treatise "Beautiful Things Evoke Goodness." A piss-poor libretto led him to withdraw his opera Into the Fire, while he had more success with Encounter with a Miracle. This man composed a pair of fluff operettas, Spring Sings and Sisters, in addition to a notable set of 24 preludes for piano, which came in the wake of his unsuccessful wartime piece The Great Homeland. This composer was also known for children's songs like "The Band of Four Friends" and "Schooldays," which he wrote while working on his first major work, "Poem of Struggle." The composer of a piano version of Bach's Toccata and Fugue in D minor, he is better-known for operas based on Gorbatov's The Unvanquished and the life of Romain Rolland along with his third symphony, the "Requiem for Lenin." For 10 points name this Russian composer of The Taras Family and Colas Breugnon.
Answer: Dmitry Kabalevsky
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This writer wrote an introduction for the English translation of noted Giorgio di Chirico novel Hebdomeros. One of this man's poems begins by noting that Oedipus "liked the glad personal quality of things beneath the sky," while he asks "OK, but which ones?" in a poem that urges people to live "the way that philosophers live." In addition to composing "Syringa" and "My Philosophy of Life," he wrote a poem in which "the saxophone wails, the martini was drained, and night like black swansdown settled on the city" and also asks "If we wanted to leave, would being naked help us?" Along with writing "Hotel Lautreamont," this man wrote a sestina which ends when Popeye scratches his balls and notes that "it sure was pleasant to spend a day in the country." That poem is "Farm Implements and Rutabagas in a Landscape," but this man's most famous poem has a turning point after "A balloon pops" and "the attention turns dully away" and ends "Here and there in cold pockets of remembrance, whispers out of time." For ten points, identify this New York poet who wrote a poem titled after something done "As Parmigianino did it," Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror.
Answer: John Ashbery
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Artsakhov demonstrated a method of modeling chaotic stabilization of binary systems outside this construct via Aarseth-Zare regularization, and chaotic transitions toward this region from quasiperiodic trajectories along KAM tori may occur via intruder scattering. The Yarkovsky Effect, gas resonance, and tidal accretion are processes which have been invoked to explain permanent allochthonous body fixation (*) within it. The product of a semi-major axis, 1 minus eccentricity, and the cube root of one third the ratio of the lesser to the greater mass gives an approximation of its namesake radius, at which motion is Keplerian. It extends between the L1 and L2 Lagrange Points, below which third-body orbitals decay toward the Roche Limit. FTP, name this region in which the strength of a planet's gravitational field exceeds the strength of the solar gravitational field, in which stable lunar orbits may exist.
Answer: Hill Sphere
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Charles Tyng was the direct caused of this incident, the final resolution of which was arranged by Augustus Caesar Dodge following the subsequent collapse of the Sartorius ministry. One figure involved in resolving this incident had fought a duel against the Marquis de Turgot two months prior, and war almost occurred when that man unilaterally declared a forty-eight hour ultimatum for the payment of a three hundred thousand dollar indemnity. A call for repeal of the Neutrality Act following this incident was led by John (*) Quitman. Soon after the resolution of this incident, plans were made for a meeting in Belgium with John Mason by the man who had escalated this incident, American ambassador Pierre Soule. This incident was resolved by Secretary of State William Marcy, who would respond to it later in the year by initiating the creation of the Ostend Manifesto. For 10 points, name this 1854 incident in which customs officials seized the namesake American merchant vessel in Havana harbor.
Answer: Black Warrior Affair
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Carringtons, whose parties the protagonist is forced to attend. The protagonist discusses the fate of Arabella and Polinska with the author Valerie Seymour, to whom she is introduced by the playwright Jonathan Brockett. As a child, the protagonist names her pony after a maid who is fired after being caught hooking up in the garden shed, Collins, and she later becomes a rival of the Canadian Martin Hallam. Another character in this work has a secret collection of works by Kraft-Ebbing, which is found by the protagonist after a branch falls and kills that character. During her time at Morton Hall the protagonist meets the slatternly Angela Crossby, who betrays her by sharing a letter she wrote with her mother Anna. Later, while serving in the French Ambulance Corps, the protagonist meets and falls in love with Mary Llewellyn, whose departure at the end leads her to demand, "Give us also the right to our existence!" Stephen Gordon is the homosexual protagonist of, for ten points, what best-known novel by Radclyffe Hall?
Answer: The Well of Loneliness
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Local velocity perturbations of SS-precursors at this entity indicate that it displays a unique variable negative Clapeyron slope. Jordan's tectosphere hypothesis explains it as a petrologically distinct subcratonic chemical layer based on ScS reverberations observed at its depth. Aluminum substitution for iron, magnesium and silicon in garnets increases at this boundary, and harzburgite to garnet lherzolite and coesite to stishovite transitions have been proposed to account for its properties. However, it is the change in lattice preferred orientation of anisotropic olivine (*) that indicates the major mantle deformational shift that occurs here, namely the change from dislocation to diffusion creep. Detected mainly under continental lithosphere or island arcs, it is usually absent in the presence of a well-defined Gutenberg discontinuity. FTP, name this 210-km deep seismic reflector layer in the upper mantle that shares its name with an early moniker for the outer-inner core boundary, named for a female seismologist.
Answer: Lehmann discontinuity [NOTE: the earliest usage of the term "Lehmann discontinuity" referred to the outer-inner core boundary, though this definition has been discontinued]
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One character in this show touches one of his students by his recital of the line "bare ruined choirs, where late the sweet birds sang." That character, Clancy, is an English professor at the University of Washington. Another character on this show hosts a webcam show about "Getting things Done" and had a debilitating crack habit in the 80's. A further character on this show left after four episodes because she jumps off the age of a cliff, Betty. Kiffany is the usual waitress at Der Waffel Haus, the regular meeting place for the central group of this show, which includes Mason and a woman who frequently exclaims "I once blew" various old celebrities, Daisy Adair. The protagonist of this show's sister, Reggie, hangs a large amount of toilet seats in a tree after the protagonist's death from being hit by a toilet seat cover falling from a space station. For ten points, identify this show starring Mandy Patinkin as Rube and Ellen Muth as George Lass, which follows the exploits of a group of Grim Reapers, Showtime.
Answer: Dead Like Me
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Towards the end of the work he appears in, this character is taken to a place with giant boulders arranged in the shape of a womb. He also finds a series of letters exchanged by a lady named Clarice and her lover. This character briefly works Officer Farrell, who sodomizes Harry Edwards. Later, this character finds work with the Newbys, but realizes that his wife's child is sired by a cook. When his Uncle and his brother arrive at the Newby homestead, this character is treated cruelly, which results in a scene where Miss Petra Graf is killed. He runs around with Mort, trying to escape authorities, but is caught and executed by the Federation of Australia. For 10 points, identify this half-aboriginal title character who goes on a rampage and murders several whites in a work by Thomas Keneally about his "chant."
Answer: Jimmie Blacksmith (accept The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith)
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An exciting reaction developed by Ishikawa sees aldehydes transformed into these molecules via a guanidium ylide mediated step, and Taguchi developed an "intramolecular trapping" variant of a reaction wherein these functional groups are formed by treating ketoximes with excess Grignard reagents. Experiments by Laurent et al demonstrated the mechanism of that reaction, which is named for Hoch and Campbell reaction. Quizbowlers may appreciate the fact that taurine can be synthesized by the reaction of the simplest of these compounds with sulphurous acid, and other methods of preparing them include the reaction of carbenes with imines. These molecules can also be prepared by the ring closure of 1,2-amino alcohols in the presenc of sulphuric acide via the Wenker synthesis, and the high ring strain in these compounds makes them useful for synthetic reactions because they easily undergo ring opening by nucleophilic attack. Sometimes called the aza-variats of epoxides, for 10 points, identify these functional groups which are three-membered heterocyclic rings wherein two carbon atoms are bound to a nitrogen atom, which are sometimes known as ethenyl-imines.
Answer: aziridines [accept ethenylamine until mentioned; prompt on "aza variants of epoxides" until mentioned; grudgingly accept aza-ethylene]
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In The Iliad, one King from this polity goes into a frenzy and kills Itymoneus and Agelaos after Paris errantly shoots Euenor, and* Nestor nostalgically recalls a war with this polity over grazing rights. A legendary set of twins from this polity were supposedly born conjoined from a silver egg after Poseidon seduced their mother, Queen Molione of Boupraison. The port city of Kyllene in this polity lay across from the island of Doulikhion, whose most famous King was Meges, while the throne of another of this polity's cities was seized after Myrtilos sabotaged the chariot of King Oinomaos. Foreknowledge of his death led the legendary founder of this polity to hold a chariot race among his sons for the throne, and this polity's royal line traces its roots back through Aethlios to Deucalion. Herakles twice invaded this Kingdom after being offended after his fifth labor by its King, Augeius, and after winning he established an altar to a legendary King of one of this polity's other cities, Pelops. Also containing Pisa, this is, for ten points, what ancient Kingdom allegedly founded by Endymion?
Answer: Elis or Helia (accept Doulikhion before *)
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Hilarity ensues in this work after a fat ugly hag attempts to seduce a furniture salesman in the showroom of his shop by taking off her skirt and tackling him. The protagonist has a nightmare in which two Mexican priests disguised as jaguars sacrifice him on an altar, and he later becomes convinced that his wife's extreme greed has led her to forgo shopping for food in favor of cannibalizing herself. He is later swindled at a pawn shop known as the "Therisianum" by four friends of a deranged hunchbacked dwarf who dreams of becoming the world chess champion and who is later viciously murdered by one of his slutty wife's lovers. The protagonist is attacked and imprisoned by his sadistic landlord, Benedikt Pfaff, but he is rescued by his brother George, who pays the protagonist's wife Therese to leave him alone with his library of 25,000 books. The novel ends with the protagonist going crazy and killing himself via the title act of self-immolation. For ten points name this novel about the sinologist Peter Kien by Elias Canetti.
Answer: Auto-da-Fe
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After converting to Judaism, Bodo the court deacon of Louis the Pius took this name, and another figure of this name was a son of Dodo who brought David water from a Bethlehem well and was one of the three greatest of the thirty-seven heroes. One man with this name was in charge of guarding the Ark of the Covenant in the house of his father, Abinadab, while a prophet of this name rebuked Jehosophat for allying with Ahaziah. Another man of this name died by attacking an elephant that fell upon him that belonged to Antiochus V and was the great-great grandfather of Herod the Great according to Josephus. In addition to the brother of Judas Maccabees, another man of this name was the brother of Gershom and the son of Zipporah. That man's cousin also shared his name, and he succeeded in his post by his son Phineas and whose line was interrupted by that of Eli and subsequently restored by Zadok. For 10 points, give this name shared by son of Moses and the son of Aaron, the second Israelite high priest.
Answer: Eleazar [accept Eliezer or Elazar]
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Mahmud Yalavach was sent as envoy to this polity, which had been his birthplace, and this polity was paid tribute by Sa'd ibn Zangi, the Salghurid atabeg of Shiraz. An attempt to revive this polity established a capital at Tabriz and was led by the ruler who had earlier won at the Battle of Parwan before being defeated at the Indus, Jalal al-Din. The downfall of this polity began when one of its vassals, Inalchuq, the governor of Otrar, killed the members of a caravan, after which the ruler of this polity beheaded some ambassadors and shaved their beards. This polity feuded on its east with (*) Kuchlug, who had destroyed its earlier enemy, the Karakitai empire. Its first ruler, Anustegin Gharacha'i, was originally a slave of Malik-Shah and thus came to power as a vassal of the Seljuks, while it reached its greatest extent under Shah Muhammad II. For 10 points, name this empire that controlled much of Persia and central asia in the early 13th century before being conquered by Genghis Khan, originally centered in modern Uzbekistan.
Answer: Khwarezmid empire [or Khwarezmian empire; or Khwarezm-Shah dynasty]
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Gary Drescher wrote an article relating these things to gensyms in LISP, while J.B. Maund wrote about ways to "dual code" these by describing them on more than one level. Ramachandran and Hirstein developed three laws of them, later adding a fourth, including the importance of their relation to attention. In an article titled after the "epiphenomenal" type of these things, Frank Jackson offered a knowledge argument of them that ends by refuting physicalism entirely. Daniel Dennett wrote an article about "Quining" these things, which claims that they fail in practical application. These concepts were most notably discussed in a paper which claimed that there was a quality to all experiences missing in reductive science, Thomas Nagle's What is it Like to Be a Bat?, and philosophical zombies are identical to humans except that they lack these. For ten points, identify these concepts from the philosophy of mind which refer to the subjective qualities that characterize conscious experiences, from the Latin word for "what kind?"
Answer: qualia
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One critical feature occasionally exhibited in this property is modeled by the Lifschitz-Kosevich formula, which gives similar results to the Zilberman model. Evolution of this phenomenon is described by a multi-valued current-voltage equation known as the Bean critical state model. Field strengths involved in the upper limit of its occurrence may be calculated using the (*) Eilenberger equations. In addition to the occurrence of de Haas-van Alphen oscillations within Abrikosov Vortex Lattices, it may be identified by the presence of flux pinning, as well as the occurrence of striping, which encourages hole-pairing in a manner similar to BCS theory. It was first confirmed in yttrium barium cuprate, which exhibited a mixed version of the Meissner Effect. FTP, name this property of materials, many of which exhibit perovskite structure, characterized by complete expulsion of magnetic fields at elevated temperatures.
Answer: Type-II Superconductivity [prompt on: Superconductivity or word forms thereof]
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Fan Chengmo became a martyr for refusing to join this uprising, which Sun Yanling did join after being charged with suppressing it in Guangxi. This uprising resulted in the proclaiming of the Dazhou dynasty. During this rebellion, a man calling himself Chu San-Tzu led an unrelated uprising of several thousand slaves in the capital, and another rebellion contemporary to this one was led by Burni, a grandson of Ligdan and leader of the (*) Chahar Mongols. This uprising was sparked by the retirement of Shang Kexi, and it was led in Fujian by Geng Jingzhong. Another leader of this uprising had earlier won a victory at Shanhai Pass and helped in expelling the forces of Li Zicheng from Beijing. Most prominently led by Wu Sangui, it was put down by the young Kangxi Emperor. For 10 points, name this rebellion against the Qing dynasty led by several former Qing generals.
Answer: Revolt of the Three Feudatories
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One of this artist's paintings features the titular red-robed figure holding a small dagger in his outstretched right hand and trampling the devil. In addition to St. Michael, another of this man's paintings features one of the titular figures covering her face to stifle a laugh while the other daydreams with her head in her hands. Other secular scenes by this artist of Two Women at a Window include Grape and Melon Eaters and The Little Fruit Seller, while a cow observes the titular scene from the left side of his Adoration of the Magi. This artist characterized his technique as estilio vaporoso, which is exemplified in a painting in which and a jug and a sack of apples lie near the feet of the title figure. For 10 points, name this Spanish Baroque painter of The Young Beggar.
Answer: Bartolome Esteban Murillo
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This man was allowed to keep Luneberg in the Treaty of Fulda, and he was opposed by Philip of Heinsberg, the Archbishop of Cologne. Part of this man's land was partitioned off under Henry Jasomirgott, and he took one possession from Adolf II. He broke with one ally following that man's refusal to grant this ruler control of the silver mines of Goslar, and this husband of (*) Matilda of England was allies with the man who created the Principality of Rugen, the Danish king Valdemar I. This son of a man known as "the proud" was a leader of the Wendish Crusade, and he often came into conflict with the Margrave of Brandenburg, Albert the Bear. This man had to go to war to reclaim his ancestral lands from Conrad III, after which he created a market on the Isar River that turned into Munich and established Lubeck as an economic power. For 10 points, name this member of the House of Welf, a prominent duke of Saxony and Bavaria who first supported and then quarreled with Frederick Barbarossa.
Answer: Henry the Lion [or Henry III of Saxony; accept Henry XII of Bavaria]
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The activity of one enzyme which acts on this hormone is commonly used as a diagnostic tool for sarcoidosis, and blockade of this hormone inhibits the surge in Leuteinizing Hormone levels observed in mammals in the proestrous stage. Drugs which act as antagonists to the receptors of one form of this hormone are called sartans. This hormone is formed when the release of a certain hormone from juxtaglomerular cells causes its precursor to be cleaved into a decapeptide form, and that form is converted to another octapeptide form by a namesake "converting enzyme." For 10 points, identify this hormone which stimulates the release of aldosterone from the adrenal cortex in a namesake system along with renin, and whose name is a portmanteau for angiotonin and hypertensin.
Answer: angiotensins
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This work notes that a Bohemian who attempts to realize some form of liberty does so only at the expense of "turning his back on the rights that he has gained". The seventh section of this work considers the assumption of metaphysical sentiment about government, which it labels one of the "old foes with a new face." The fourth section of this work begins with an anecdote about an Arab testing his sons to find out which one loved him the most, and then considers further reasons of the titular question, "Why Man is Not a Brute." This work may be more famous for noting that there's a certain sort of man that's never thought of in its tenth section, while its eleventh section claims that its conclusions support the ideal of loving one another. Its third section claims that it is not wicked to be rich, or especially richer than one's neighbor, and its first section claims that poverty is the best policy. For ten points, identify this work which claims that the poor should be kept that way, a work by William Graham Sumner.
Answer: What Social Classes Owe to Each Other
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During this battle a force was led down Monatawny Road by John Armstrong, and Allen McLane led an early morning raid on a picket stationed on Mount Airy. Directly prior to this battle, a night attack was undertaken completely with bayonets by the Earl Grey, slaughtering American troops at Paoli, which led to the ruthlessness of Anthony Wayne's troops in this battle. Francis Nash died of wounds received in this battle(*), and a heavy fog caused Adam Stephen's troops to fire on Wayne's. Colonel Musgrave's barricading of his troops caused Henry Knox to veer from the objective and attempt to take Benjamin Chew's manor, Cliveden. Noted for a complicated attack plan involving approaching the city from four directions, this battle ended with a pursuit by the just-arrived Cornwallis after a victory of William Howe. Nathaniel Greene commanded one force of Americans, while another was under Washington, and this defeat followed one at Brandywine. For 10 points, name this failed October 4, 1777 attempt to take Philadelphia.
Answer: Battle of Germantown
 
2009 Chicago Open Bonuses by Finals 1
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She was the first Englishwoman to publish a book of original poems. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Jewish poet who collected several short poems dedicated to various women of her time in Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum.
Answer: Aemilia Lanier
[10] A.L. Rowse notably posited that Aemilia Lanier was this object of Shakespeare's sonnets number 127-152, citing her Italian ancestry as evidence of this figure's eponymous feature.
Answer: the dark lady
[10] Lanier's "The Description of Cooke-ham" is the earliest published example of this type of poem dedicated to a certain type of residence, the best known of which is Ben Jonson's "To Penshurst"
Answer: country house poems
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This lemma is given by y of p is equal to delta pi of p over delta p, where pi of p is the firm's profit function. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this important lemma from economics which relates the supply of the good directly to the firm's profit.
Answer: Hotelling's Lemma
[10] Another important relation in economics is this one, which relates Hicksian to Marshallian demand through the media of the income and substitution effects.
Answer: Slutsky Equation or Identity
[10] This important econometrist came up with a bunch of econometric equations and also the "determinant condition" for undefinability. He also wrote A Study in the Theory of Economic Evolution, which analyzed the impact of skill development.
Answer:
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Salmon Chase received his legal training under this man, who may have invented the "Give me Liberty, or give me Death!" quote in his Life and Character of Patrick Henry. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who prosecuted Aaron Burr for treason as United States Attorney General from 1817-1829.
Answer: William Wirt
[10] After retiring as attorney general, Wirt became an advocate of Cherokee rights, arguing this case before the Supreme Court. John Marshall ruled in favor of the Cherokee as an independent nation, but Andrew Jackson just ignored him.
Answer: Worcester v. Georgia
[10] Wirt ran for president as the Anti-Masonic candidate in 1832. This other leader of the Anti-Masonics was an editor of the Albany Evening Post, and with William Seward, helped bring the Whigs to power in New York.
Answer: Thurlow Weed
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His monotone symphony consisted of a single chord sustained for 20 minutes followed by 20 minutes of silence. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this French artist who is better known for paintings composed entirely of his eponymous shade of blue. ANSWER: Yves Klein
Answer:
[10] Yves Klein wasn't the only one who loved blue. A series of blue nudes exemplify this artist's technique of "painting with scissors," and his other compositions include The Dessert: Harmony in Red and Le Bonheur de Vivre.
Answer: Henri Matisse
[10] In this other painter's "The Blue Room," a red book and notebook lie at the feet of a woman's bed as she smokes and lounges on a blue flower pattern. She also painted Nude on a Striped Bedspread.
Answer: Suzanne Valadon
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It arises from a fractal structure produced when ultrasonic waves are focused into a cold fluid. FTPE:,
[10] Name this phenomenon in which the formation of bubble streams and their adiabatic compression-induced implosion results in unresolved photonic effects linked to sonoluminescence.
Answer: acoustic cavitation
[10] Bubbles in an acoustic cavitation field require both lengthy wavelengths and low values of this dimensionless quantity which relates the fluid velocity to the fluid speed of sound to focus energy density enough to produce the temperatures necessary for sonoluminescence.
Answer: Mach number, or M
[10] Acoustic bubbles experience these forces arising from the interaction of their local oscillations with the sound field pulsations generated by acoustic waves. They share their name with the threshold of bubble formation in an ultrasonic device, which is named for a Norwegian physicist.
Answer: Bjerknes Forces
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This god had a cult center at Buto, where he was worshiped as a son of Wadjet, but he is more generally considered a son of Sekhmet. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this youthful god believed to have been born from the waters as a blue lotus. He is usually depicted as a man with a lotus on his head.
Answer: Nefertem
[10] As a member of the Memphis triad, Nefertem was believed to be a son of this artificer god and chief deity of Memphis. He is usually depicted as a mummy.
Answer: Ptah
[10] This artifact tells of Ptah creating the world, and is thus the primary source for the Memphite theology. It takes its name from the pharaoh who created it by copying a "worm-eaten" papyrus in the Temple of Ptah; he also founded the twenty-fifth dynasty.
Answer: Shabaka Stone [or Shabako Stone]
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The first tableau of this work sees the birth of the titular character while the second ends with the arrival at Parnassus. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this ballet blanc composed by Stravinsky in which Polyhymnia, Terpsichore, and Calliope visit the titular god, often considered the first neo-classical ballet.
Answer: Apollo Musagetes [accept Apollon Musagete or Apollo, Leader of the Muses or Apolo Musageta]
[10] Along with Stars and Stripes and Jewels, Apollo was choreographed by this Russian expatriate who founded the New York City Ballet
Answer: George Balanchine
[10] Balanchine revised this ballet originally choreographed by Marius Petipa and composed by Glazunov in which the title character is fought over by Jean de Brenne and Abderakhman the Saracen and that contains the Grand Pas Classique.
Answer: Raymonda
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This experimental novel, essay, and poetry collection begins with a section that dicsusses the ocean and concludes with a discussion of the difference between Western and Mexican art. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this writing which claims that its title constructs exist to keep good from bad and "us" and "them" from mixing, and states that it has become the home of Chicano people.
Answer: Borderlands/La Frontera
[10] Borderlands/La Frontera was written by this lesbian Chicana feminist writer, who wrote about her experiences in a dentist's office as a metaphor for her native Spanish in "How to Tame a Wild Tongue."
Answer: Gloria Anzaldua
[10] Goria Anzaldua is also notable for writing this long poem about the migrant experience, in which the title character attempts to cheat a group of workers by calling Immigration. The central character, a teacher, retaliates.
Answer: "El Sonovabitche"
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Sharif Hussein ibn `Ali declared its independence, destroying the Ottoman-controlled Damascus-Medina railroad. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this brief-lived kingdom on the west coast of the Arabian peninsula, conquered by the Kingdom of Nejd after the capture of Jidda.
Answer: Kingdom of Hejaz
[10] This dude was the King of Nejd who conquered Hejaz, allowing him to unite the peninsula into a namesake nation.
Answer: Abdul Aziz ibn Saud
[10] One of the first steps in conquering Hejaz was taking this town, whose inhabitants were massacred by Saud's troops. It also names a 1934 treaty that ended a boundary dispute with Yemen.
Answer: Al-Ta'if
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Identify the following about a certain special function from analytic number theory, FTPE:,
[10] It is defined as the natural analytic extension of the sum over all possible integers n of n to the negative s, and is at the center of a namesake hypothesis stating that its non-trivial zeros are equal to one half.
Answer: Riemann zeta function
[10] For even numbers n, the value of the Riemann zeta function at 2n may be calculated using the appropriate Fourier series according to this theorem, which states one over 2 pi times the integral over negative pi and pi of the square of the function is equal to the sum over negative infinity to positive infinity of the Fourier coefficient a-sub-n squared.
Answer: Parseval's Theorem
[10] This law concerning the spacing between successive nontrivial zeros of the Riemann zeta function states that the distribution is statistically identical, with a Gaussian unitary ensemble as the distribution of eigenvalue spacings.
Answer: Montgomery-Odlyzko Law
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This work attempts to defeat the notion that a proper interpretation of a text reveals the intent of the person who wrote it, instead arguing for a more revisionist approach. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this work which approached hermeneutics from a standpoint directly opposed to that of Friedrich Schleiermacher and which uses the fusion of horizons method to produce religious doctrines.
Answer: Truth and Method (or Wahrheit und Methode)
[10] Identify the author of Truth and Method, a twentieth century hermeneutics specialist who wrote Dialogue and Dialectic and The Relevance of the Beautiful.
Answer: Hans-Georg Gadamer
[10] Hans-Georg Gadamer also wrote this work, which argues for Socratic-Platonic modes of thought in respect to contemporary issues, especially technological advancements and their interactions with society.
Answer: Reason in the Age of Science
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Identify the following pertaining to polymer chemistry, for 10 points each.,
[10] This property of polymers is related to the intrinsic viscosity obtained by dilute solution viscometry by the Mark-Houwink equation.
Answer: molecular weight [or molecular mass]
[10] This process, sometimes called the Tromsdorff effect, sees the rapid increase in the rate of polymerization when high concentrations of monomer are present. Thus, the molecular weight ends up with a bimodal distribution rather than a normal distribution.
Answer: auto-acceleration [accept Norrish-Smith effect]
[10] This property refers to the arrangement of the R groups with respect to the polymer chain. If all groups are on the same side, polymers have the "iso" form of this property, as opposed to the "syndio" form.
Answer: tacticity
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One character in this novel, Janet, is a drummer with the band Liquid Sheep, while another, Liz, is a lawyer who owns a cat named Charlemagne. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this verse novel in which Ed owns an iguana named Arnold Schwarzenegger and in which one character notes that " We shrink into a private smile" when a candle "drives back the dark a little while."
Answer: The Golden Gate
[10] Mrs. Formby gives Michael a valuable violin in this novel, another work by Vikram Seth, but he's still obsessed with a pianist named Julia McNicholl, who's married to a banker .
Answer: An Equal Music
[10] Seth often explores bisexual themes in his works, including this early poem which notes that "Some like Jack and some like Jill/I'm glad that I like both but still" and wonders if he's "Stray" or "Great?"
Answer: "Dubious"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Thirty Years' War: not just for Germans. Name some things related to the conflict between France and Spain, for 10 points each.,
[10] Occurring when Don Francisco de Melo besieged the namesake fortress northeast of Rheims, this 1643 battle was won almost completely by the cavalry on the French right breaking through and making havoc behind the Spanish lines.
Answer: Battle of Rocroi
[10] Taking place in 1658 well after the Peace of Westphalia, this battle fought near Dunkirk was a victory for the French under Turenne with support from forces of Oliver Cromwell. It prompted the Peace of the Pyrenees.
Answer: Battle of the Dunes
[10] This prolific French general was the winner at Rocroi, and strangely also the losing commander at the Dunes when he joined the Spanish cause after being estranged from the French court during the Fronde.
Answer: Prince de Conde [or Louis II de Bourbon; or Duc d'Enghien; accept The Great Conde]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about explosive astronomical phenomena, for 10 points each:,
[10] Observable in the sun utilizing an occultation disk, these plasma emissions embedded with magnetic fields originate in closed-field regions of stars may travel faster than solar wind, and can trigger geomagnetic storms.
Answer: coronal mass ejections
[10] The Blandford-McKee model describes the hydrodynamics of this type of shock wave proposed by Meszaros and Rees to be associated with gamma-ray bursts. They display free expansion, coasting, then deceleration, and contain interior shock waves whose interaction with gases also produces X-rays.
Answer: relativistic fireball
[10] A white dwarf that absorbs enough matter from a companion star to ignite a thermonuclear explosion may produce this type of event characterized by broad silicon absorption lines but no hydrogen. They are common in both spiral and elliptical galaxies.
Answer: Type Ia supernovae
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these American symphonists for 10 points each:,
[10] This dude's fourth symphony, "Folksong," is pretty good, but he is best-known for his "Symphony 1933," which was popularized by noted awesome guy Serge Koussevitzky.
Answer: Roy Harris
[10] This dude studied privately under Harris, who in turn introduced him to Serge. He wrote the New England Triptych and a well-regarded Symphony for Strings.
Answer: William Schuman
[10] This guy's organ piece Variations on America was rearranged by Schuman to great acclaim. Other works by him include Central Park in the Dark and The Unanswered Question.
Answer: Charles Ives
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Like Edward "Teddy the Jew-Boy" Davis, this man was an bushranger - at least until his capture and execution during a shootout where he famously wore heavy body armor. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Australian outlaw whose gang include his brother Dan and Joe Byrne.
Answer: Ned Kelly
[10] Kelly talked about things like how his "fist came in collision with McCormack's nose and caused him to loose his equilibrium and fall `postrate'" in this long letter justifying his actions.
Answer: Jerilderie letter
[10] The shootout where Kelly was captured occurred in this small town in Northeast Victoria. A plan to derail train carrying policemen was foiled by the efforts of hostage Thomas Curnow.
Answer: Glenrowan
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In the first cycle of this procedure, the annealing temperature is usually set 5-10 degrees higher than the melting temperature of the primers. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this modification wherein the annealing temperature is systematically reduced by 1 degree in subsequent cycles. It is based on the assumption that the difference between correct and incorrect annealing decreases by a factor of two per cycle, thus significantly increasing specificity.
Answer: touchdown PCR [prompt on PCR or polymerase chain reaction; accept TD-PCR]
[10] Another variation of PCR, which is useful in identifying genes which are being transcribed, uses this enzyme to generate a cDNA of the sample mRNA. Retroviruses such as HIV also notably use this enzyme.
Answer: reverse transcriptase PCR [accept RNA dependent DNA polymerase; prompt on RT]
[10] This form of asymmetric PCR uses two sets of primers, one which has a limiting concentration, and the other which has an excess concentration. It produces single stranded products and can continue to occur at a reduced rate after the exponential phase.
Answer: LATE PCR [or Linear after the exponential PCR]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This writer argued against Horace's ut pictura poesis principle in his ciritcal work Laocoon. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this writer who wrote the play Soldier's Fortune and a play about the son of Parmenion who commits suicide to preserve Parmenion's domain over his lands, Philotas.
Answer: Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
[10] Gotthold Ephraim Lessing may be best known for writing this work about a character who narrates the Parable of the Ring to Saladin and uses that as a metaphor for religion.
Answer: Nathan the Wise (also accept Nathan der Weise)
[10] Lessing also wrote this comedy, in which Hettore Gonzag tries to steal the title character away from her arranged husband Count Appinori by sending his herald Marinetti to accomplish the deed by any means necessary.
Answer: Emilia Galotti
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify these Horror films that are part of the Criterion Collection For 10 points each:,
[10] This debut film of Steve McQueen and drive-in staple features an amorphous title entity that engulfs a diner before being frozen with carbon dioxide.
Answer: The Blob
[10] This David Cronenberg film with James Woods takes its title from the plotless tv show that shows people being tortured and murdered in a chamber.
Answer: Viderodrome
[10] With a soundtrack of Mahler works, this Leonard Kastle classic ends with an epilogue stating that subjects Martha Beck and Ray Fernandez were executed on March 8, 1951.
Answer: The Honeymoon Killers

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