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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Chicago Open Tossups by Editors 4
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One chapter in this book is devoted to a "dish of dunderfunk," a delicacy which was reportedly stolen away from the cook Old Coffee. Another chapter is devoted to an event called the "Massacre of the Beards," which the author says would have made anyone but a Tartar or a barber weep. A few characters pretend to eat a specimen of cancer, which is really just pudding, but it manages to fool Cadwallader Cuticle, a surgeon with a glass eye who takes joy in cutting off limbs of patients. Lemsford is a poet who tries to find a hiding place for his box of manuscripts, but it's always discovered by Quoin. The jovial Mad Jack and the alcoholic Captain Claret join the heroic Jack Chase, who manages to save the title narrator after he falls off the U.S.S. Neversink and is nearly speared, mistaken for a whale. FTP, name this 1850 novel by Herman Melville with lots of flogging, named for the color of the narrator's coat.
Answer: White-Jacket, or The World in a Man-of-War
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One scientist of this surname built on the work of Hugo de Vries in examining crossing over events, wrote a Geneticists' Manifesto, and discovered that x-rays cause mutations.A concept named for that man also describes how deleterious mutations will accumulate over time in asexual species.Another scientist of this surname lends that name to a pair of regions in a human embryo near the urogenital ridge that, in the absence of his eponymous inhibiting hormone, will develop into the Fallopian tubes and uterus.In addition to ones naming a ratchet and ducts, a third scientist of this name wrote Fur Darwin to support the theory of natural selection with his field studies in Brazil, which also led to his most lasting idea, demonstrated by Viceroy and Monarch butterflies.FTP, identify this last name, which describes the type of mimicry in which both prey species share the same anti-predatory traits.
Answer: Muller
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The dissent in this case relies upon a string of precedent including Hoke v. United States and the oleomargarine case McCray v. United States, saying that the result should be compelled by Champion v. Ames. Although this decision was upheld four years later in Bailey v. Drexel Furniture Company, the Court later explicitly declared it bad law in United States v. Darby. In probably the only important majority opinion of his career, Justice William Rufus Day stressed a rather formal distinction between the right to regulate and the right to "forbid" and "destroy." Congress responded to this decision by passing a statute which levied an excise tax of 10 percent on all net profits instead of the outright prohibition attempted by the Keating-Owen Act, but that was rejected as well. FTP, name this 1918 case which struck down the Child Labor Act as an usurpation of state police power.
Answer: Hammer v. Dagenhart
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One city by this name sits on a namesake bay at the mouth of the Bensafrim River just northeast of Port Saint Vincent and Sagres - this city, located in the very southwest of Portugal, was the launching point for several expeditions of Henry the Navigator. Another city by this name is home to Tinubu Square and the Third Mainland Bridge, and features suburbs like Shomolu and Mushin. That city includes the residential Victoria Island, which sits astride Lekki Peninsula, as well as Ikoyi Island. The site of Murtala Muhammed National Airport, it lies to the south of cities like Abeokuta and Ibadan. FTP, name this conurbation on the Bight of Benin which was replaced by Abuja as the capital but remains the most populous city in Nigeria.
Answer: Lagos
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Vice Admiral James Stockdale, the former running mate of Ross Perot, wrote a book about testing this man's doctrines "in a laboratory of human behavior." This fellow once rebuked a friend of his for not having a wife - that friend responded "very well, give me one of your daughters for a wife," poking fun of the fact that he too was a bachelor. That friend of his was Demonax, proving once again that Demonax is awesome. This man was crippled while serving as a slave to Epaphroditos, and after he was dismissed, he became a student of Musonius Rufus. Only four volumes remain of his eight volume Discourses, which were collected by his pupil Arrian, while his thought is more concisely expressed in his Enchiridion or Handbook. FTP, name this Greek Stoic philosopher born in the first century CE who lived much of his life in Rome.
Answer: Epictetus
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In one story by this author, a flood tragically sweeps away a cow named La Serpentina, which was meant to be the dowry for 12-year old Tacha, so she wouldn't become a whore like her two older sisters. In another story, a man carries his son, a mortally wounded bandit named Ignacio, on his back to get him medical help at a town. Those stories, "We're Very Poor" and "No Dogs Bark," appear in a collection with a better-known story about a father Juvencio Nava who makes the title plea to his son Justino, "Tell Them Not to Kill Me!." In addition to the collection usually translated as The Burning Plain, another book by this author features the hanging of Toribio Aldrete and a protagonist who takes power from Fulgor Sedano, the administrator of the Media Luna. That work is set at a ranch in Comala where everyone, including Juan Preciado, is already dead. FTP, name the Mexican author of that work, Pedro Paramo.
Answer: Juan Rulfo
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This scientist's diffusion model uses Markov chains and provides an alternative to the statistical interpretation of the second law of thermodynamics. He developed a classification scheme for phase transitions that looks at discontinuities in the derivative of the free energy. His namesake paradox notes that a rigidly rotating disc should have a Lorentz-contracted circumference, but an unchanged radius. But, he is best known for his theorem which relates the time derivative of the expectation of a quantum operator to its commutator. For ten points, identify this formulator of the quantum analogue of Newton's Second Law.
Answer: Paul Ehrenfest
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One work about this idea begins by discussing previous approaches to explaining it, citing Adolf Bastian's "Idea of the People" and Theodor Benfey's "original community" explanation. Mikhail Bakhtin wrote an essay about the author and this "in aesthetic activity," arguing that it involves artistic motivation separate from free will. Another work on this contains the sections "end of the microcosm" and "end of the macrocosm" in its chapter Dissolutions and a short piece in its prologue on the "world navel." This concept titles the most famous book by Lord Raglan, in which he creates a 22-point scale of archetypal traits relevant to this. Thomas Carlyle gave lectures "On" this, using historical examples of it and identifying "savage sincerity" as a common trait. Otto Rank wrote about the myth of the birth of this, and Joseph Campbell wrote about one with a thousand faces. FTP, name this type of great being, like Gilgamesh and Hercules.
Answer: the hero (or heroes, the heroic, heroism - accept "myth of the birth of the hero" early)
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This ruler was visited by a German commercial delegation led by Friedrich Rosen, written about by his brother Felix Rosen. The Russian explorer Alexander Bulatovich wrote a couple of memoirs detailing his time as a military aide to this ruler. He was advised by the Swiss-born engineer Alfred Ilg, who helped to establish a currency system and railway in his nation. As a child, this ruler reportedly wept when his father was taken prisoner by the government of Theodore II. After taking power, he negotiated an agreement whose Article 17 was translated to imply that he was bound to seek outside assistance in all foreign affairs, effectively making a protectorate out of his country - that agreement, the Treaty of Wichale, came after this ruler succeeded John IV. FTP, name this victor at the Battle of Adowa who became the negusa nagast of Ethiopia in 18
Answer: Menelik II of Ethiopia (or Sahle Maryam or "Meridazmach of Shewa")
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In one song, this band sings about a little soldier doll who's only eleven inches tall but if you push his buttons in a special way, you'll hear him say "Major Butch Bullhorn, reporting!." That song "Commandos Attack!" and other hits like "A Little Polish" and two versions of "Testy Tiger" appear on their album Riding the Wave. They may be better remembered for a cover of "Eight Days a Week," which they performed at the reception of a cancelled wedding, and a cover of "Over the Rainbow." Composed of Philip McNiven, Paul F. Perry, George Miserlis, and Sam Lloyd, one of their hits is an extremely repetitive rendition of "Chili's Baby Back Ribs." Formed by employees from different departments at Sacred Heart, FTP, name this a capella group featured on the television show Scrubs.
Answer: The Worthless Peons or Ted's Band or The Blanks (accept any clear knowledge equivalent that mentions Ted from Scrubs)
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One of these musical pieces contains a section popularly known as "The Peasant's Little Train" or "The Little Train of the Rube," which is followed by a section dubbed "Remembrance of the Bush." Another of these pieces contains a "Country Quadrille" followed by the "Joust" toccata, and another of them is inspired by the Two-Part Inventions. By far the most popular of these works is the fifth, which is partially set to a text by Ruth Correa and is designated for eight cellos, while the first one is for an "orchestra of cellos" and is dedicated to Pablo Casals. FTP, name this set of nine suites designed to meld the style of Johann Sebastian Bach with the folk music and tradition of Brazil, the best-known works by Heitor Villa-Lobos.
Answer: Bachianas Brasileiras
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In one story in this collection, the narrator is seduced by Madame Bedersky who had hired him to translate Guy de Maupassant. In another story, a woman wraps a block of salt in blankets and passes it as her child, but she gets thrown off of a moving train and then shot. A man tries to gain acceptance with his mates by stepping on the head of an old woman's goose, brutally killing it, and ordering the woman to cook it in the story "My First Goose." That man, Kirill Vasil'evich Liutov, narrates many of the 34 stories in this collection as a Jewish intellectual serving as a war correspondent when the Poles attack the Russian city of Kiev. FTP, name this collection by Isaac Babel titled after the military group he joins.
Answer: Red Cavalry (Konarmiia)
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One character by this name has a cook named Fat Lizzie, whose daughter Bluebell aids her. She is opposed by her daughter Rachel Blake and her husband has a pernicious habit of writing the letter S in their bibles. A woman in her sixties dying of dropsy, she lives in Back Creek village married to the immigrant miller Henry Colbert, whom she suspects of having relations with Nancy Till. Another woman by this name shared in a sin mentioned in the Book of Acts with her husband, when they both offered only a portion of their property to be donated to the apostles. FTP, give this name shared by the Biblical wife of Ananias and a character who appears in a Willa Cather novel paired with "the slave girl."
Answer: Sapphira
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Filipino legend features a creature that is half-man and half this, called a Tikbalang. An argument over the color of one of these creatures between Kadru and Vinata, the wives of Kashyap, results in the imprisonment of Vinata. That one, named Uch-chais-ravas, emerged from the churning of the ocean and was initially given to the demon Bali. One of these creatures named Embarr was owned by Niamh, the daughter of Manannan Mac Lir, while one named Grani allowed Gunnar to win the hand of Brunhilde. An immortal one named Arion had the power of speech and was the reason for the survival of Adrastus. A magical one owned by Hrimthurs failed to help him win his wager of rebuilding the walls of Asgard when it was distracted by Loki. FTP, name these creatures which include Balius and Xanthus, owned by Achilles, as well as Sleipnir.
Answer: horses (accept equivalents - stallions, mares, ponies, etc.)
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This play was adapted by both Keppel Craven and John George Holman. In the last act, one character sends for Pastor Moser and tells him that he's bored of playing chess and wants to engage in a debate over whether God exists, but he's overcome by panic. Another character disguises himself as Count Brand when he is joined by Kosinsky, who tells him that his lover shared the same name, while they are both mourning the death of Scooter in the forest. The plot is set in motion when the protagonist is enraged by a fake letter disowning him; he conspires with Spiegelberg in the tavern and in the end shoots his love Amalia and resolves to give himself up. FTP, name this play about the Moor brothers Franz and Karl, the latter of whom comes to lead a gang of bandits, written by Friedrich Schiller.
Answer: The Robbers (or Die Rauber)
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One of this artist's works depicts a solitary pond with several trees rising from it - that piece, Marsh in the Woods, is housed at the Hermitage. He also made several depictions of Bentheim Castle, one of which features a windmill beside the castle on a ridge. As a youth, he was likely apprenticed to his uncle Salomon of the same name, and his best-known pupil was the artist of The Avenue at Middleharnis, Meindert Hobbema. His most famous piece has two versions, one currently in Detroit and one in Dresden - it features a rainbow visible on the left as a symbol of eternal hope contrasted with the dense foliage at right, a stream which crashes over some rocks at center, and the ruins of a cathedral in the background, based upon a community at Ouderkerk. FTP, name this Dutch landscape painter best known for his Jewish Cemetery.
Answer: Jacob van Ruisdael (or Ruysdael, pronounced RYS-dale)
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One variant of this reaction replaces a key ingredient with 1,3-dichloro-cis-2-butene, and is named for Wichterle, while an alternative to it replaces that same ingredient with a sulfoxide that has an ortho-ester attached.That reaction, named for Hauser, also replaces this reaction's second step with a Dieckmann reaction.The Wieland-Mischer and Hajos-Parrish ketones can be formed when methyl vinyl ketone is used as the alpha, beta unsaturated ketone reactant in its first step, which also requires a nucleophilic donor like an enamine or beta keto ester.FTP, name this reaction used to form polycyclic molecules, which consists of a Michael addition followed by an intra-molecular aldol condensation.
Answer: Robinson annulation
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Nearly one-third of the territory of this modern nation was surrendered by the Treaty of Sugauli, which ended a namesake war and preceded the Treaty of Titalia. Shortly afterwards, this place witnessed the Kot Massacre, which led to autocratic rule under hereditary ministers. The villages of Koligrama and Dakshina-Koligrama flourished here during the Licchiavi Kingdom, which was followed by the Malla Dynasty, though it divided into three kingdoms by 1482 CE. Those hill states later united under Prithvi Narayan Shah, establishing its Gorkha Kingdom. More recent rulers of this place have included King Tribhuwan, whose son Mahendra quelled its democratic movement - his grandson, the Crown Prince Dipendra, would slaughter much of its royal family. FTP, name this nation with its modern capital at Kathmandu.
Answer: Nepal
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The authorship of this study gives credit to O.J. Harvey, who developed laboratory-type judgmental indices for it; this study also lists B. Jack White and William R. Hood as collaborators. Stage three of it saw the introduction of so-called "superordinate goals," one of which involved viewing the then-popular movie Treasure Island, which required the participants to somehow raise a total of 15 dollars. Those participants dubbed themselves the Eagles and the Rattlers and, as predicted, developed negative attitudes towards members of the "out-group," for example refusing to eat with them in the mess hall. It was carried out under the University of Oklahoma as a part of the Intergroup Relations Project. FTP, name this 1954 experiment by Muzafer Sherif and his wife Carolyn on group cooperation, named for the state park where it took place.
Answer: Robbers Cave experiment
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One book by this author relates the unjust imprisonment of the Zuccati brothers for poor workmanship on Saint Mark's Basilica. In another book, Germain is a 28-year old widower with three kids traveling to court Catherine Leonard, but he falls in love with little Marie, a 16-year old whom he's escorting to her job as a shepherdess. In addition to writing a version of the Faust story entitled "The Seven Strings of the Lyre" and the above-mentioned novels The Master Mosaic Workers and The Devil's Pool, this writer penned a novel in which a maid named Noun is seduced by Raymon de Ramiere, who comes to reject the title character, the Creole wife of Colonel Delmare. She transformed Madame de Stael's Corinne into her novel Consuelo after gaining a reputation with the above novel Indiana. FTP, name this writer born A.A. Dupin, also known for her relationship with Frederic Chopin.
Answer: George Sand (or Amandine-Aurore-Lucile Dupin before mentioned, or Baroness Dudevant)
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One ruler of this dynasty had a daughter Kinga who supposedly, upon her request, was given a salt mine as her wedding gift. Another ruler was married to Agnes of Antioch, but later became the second husband of Marguerite of France; that ruler broke tradition by crowning his son Emerich during his lifetime. Another of its rulers was known as "the Blind" after his eyes were poked out by his uncle Coloman, who passed several land reforms and promoted his son Boris as his successor. Its early leaders included Taksony and Geza, who ruled the principality of Nitra - his more famous son married the princess Gisela and was allegedly crowned by Pope Sylvester II. FTP, name this dynasty which included Andrew II and Stephen I, and ruled from 997 to 1301 A.D. in Hungary.
Answer: Arpad Dynasty
2008 Chicago Open Bonuses by Editors 4
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It was orchestrated by the Council of Sixteen and Beranardino de Mendoza, the ambassador to Philip II. FTPE:,
[10] Name this spontaneous popular uprising in the street against the French king on May 12, 1588 which resulted in the signing of the Edict of Union, an oath to support Catholicism.
Answer: Day of the Barricades (Journee des barricades)
[10] The Day of the Barricades came at the end of this eighth war of religion in France, named for the fact that its multiple participants bore a common name.
Answer: War of the Three Henrys
[10] One of those Henrys was this duke who incited the crowd to riot against Henry III during the Day of the Barricades. A leader of the Catholic League, he'd earlier concluded the Treaty of Joinville with Philip II.
Answer: Henry I, Duke of Guise
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Name these sculptors who depicted Abraham Lincoln, FTPE.,
[10] Unsurprisingly, this sculptor who lived at the estate of Endion completed a heroic bust of Lincoln. One day, there's sure to be a tossup on his romance novel John Ermine of the Yellowstone, but until then, we're stuck knowing that he sculpted Bronco Buster.
Answer: Frederic Remington
[10] This sculptor of the seated Lincoln at the Lincoln Memorial is also known for his memorial to Spencer Trask, The Spirit of Life, and his Minute Man in Concord.
Answer: Daniel Chester French
[10] This woman, born from a Native American mother and an African-American father, created a bust of Lincoln in addition to works like The Veiled Bride of Spring, The Death of Cleopatra, and her white marble work depicting an emancipated black man and woman, Forever Free.
Answer: Edmonia Lewis
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The protagonist refers to her brother as Chapter Eleven, who rescues her from jail, and she befriends a woman whom she names Object of Desire after a European film. FTPE:,
[10] Name this novel about Calliope Stephanides, who traces her background from her Greek-born grandparents Desdemona and Lefty.
Answer: Middlesex
[10] This author wrote Middlesex, as well as short stories like "The Speed of Sperm."
Answer: Jeffrey Eugenides
[10] Eugenides burst onto the scene with this other novel of his about the five Lisbon girls in Grosse Pointe, which was adapted into a movie with Kirsten Dunst by Sofia Coppola.
Answer: The Virgin Suicides
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A Clemmensen reduction is often used to reduce the product of the acylation form of this reaction. FTPE:,
[10] Name this doubly eponymous reaction that uses a Lewis acid catalyst, typically aluminum chloride, to add an alkyl or acyl halide onto a benzene ring.
Answer: Friedel-Crafts reaction
[10] In this doubly eponymous version of a Friedel-Crafts acylation, carbon monoxide is added to a benzene ring with the help of the usual Lewis acid catalyst and hydrochloric acid.
Answer: Gatterman-Koch reaction
[10] A related reaction is this rearrangement, in which a Lewis acid catalyst drives the conversion of phenyl esters to hydroxy aryl ketones.
Answer: Fries rearrangement
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One part of this book discusses the author's tour of South America and specifically the student riots in Caracas, while the next part discusses the Kitchen Debate. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1962 book by Richard Nixon, his first, in which he describes his state of mind during some major incidents in his life.
Answer: Six Crises
[10] The first title crisis revolves around Nixon's investigation of this man's claim that Alger Hiss was a communist. This writer for TIME Magazine later revealed his dubious evidence as the "Pumpkin papers."
Answer: Whittaker Chambers
[10] The second crisis involved Nixon's vice-presidential funding scandal, which he responded to by making this famous televised speech.
Answer: Checkers speech
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This figure disguises himself as Skrymir at a cabin in the woods which is really his lost glove. FTPE:,
[10] Name this king of the frost giants in Jotunheim who engages Thor and his companions in a series of contests; he later explains that he had used tricks to embarrass Thor, and then vanishes from sight.
Answer: Utgard-Loki
[10] One of the games cooked up by Utgard-Loki is a footrace with Hugi, who turns out to be Thought in disguise. That race is lost by this loyal servant of Thor, a mortal goat-boy.
Answer: Thialfi
[10] Another task is to attempt to lift up Utgard Loki's gray cat, who of course turns out to be this hefty creature in disguise.
Answer: Midgard Serpent or Jormungandr
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He takes the Indian name Tu-ka Chinchilla, which means "fluffy bunny feet," and when he leaves to serve on the SS Essess, the village elder tells him to bring back some AA batteries. FTPE:,
[10] Name this pilot who falls in love with Ramada and overcomes his Paternal Conflict Syndrome, allowing him to take down Saddam Hussein's nuclear weapons plants.
Answer: Topper Harley (either name is fine)
[10] Charlie Sheen plays Topper Harley in this 1991 spoof of Top Gun which spawned a sequel mocking action films.
Answer: Hot Shots!
[10] Even though Saddam gets a bomb dropped in his lap at the end of Hot Shots!, he apparently survives. Part Deux again ends with his presumptive death when this happens to him, after his body had previously been broken into bits and reformed from melted liquid.
Answer: a piano is dropped on him from a plane (accept reasonable equivalents)
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This thinker recently wrote a novel entitled Kyra, in which the title architect heroine designs a new city on the island of Nashawena. FTPE:,
[10] Name this theorist who developed the "listening guide method," which is designed to provide "ports of entry into the human psyche," and wrote some books like Meeting at the Crossroads.
Answer: Carol Gilligan
[10] Often criticized by opposition theorists like C.H. Sommers, this is Carol Gilligan's best-known work, subtitled "Psychological Theory and Women's Development".
Answer: In a Different Voice
[10] Gilligan is known for attacking the ideas of this man, her research assistant, who contracted a parasite in Belize and whose body was found lying in a marsh - oh, and he formulated six stages of moral development.
Answer: Lawrence Kohlberg
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Name these poets who often wrote on themes of travel…none of them are John Koethe though, because John Koethe really blows. FTPE:,
[10] He writes of a morning walk "over the dunes again this morning" in his poem "Corsons Inlet," but this rather recently deceased American is known for book-length poems like Sphere: The Form of a Motion and Garbage.
Answer: A.R. Ammons (Archie Randolph Ammons)
[10] This dude who moved from Scotland to Canada collected his common man verse in The Songs of a Sourdough, which features poems like "The Shooting of Dan McGrew" and "The Cremation of Sam McGee."
Answer: Robert William Service
[10] "By the Waters of Bablyon" is a prose poem by this poet of "The Guardian of the Red Disk," whose other travel-themed pieces include "In Exile" and "1492," but she's also known for "The New Colossus."
Answer: Emma Lazarus
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They come in transparent and clocked varieties, and they are useful for storing a single bit of information. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these simple electronic components that are named because of their two possible states.
Answer: flip-flops (accept latches)
[10] The simplest type of flip-flop, it possesses two inputs. When both inputs are 1, or high, the output is unstable as the device enters a race condition.
Answer: SR flip-flop
[10] An SR flip-flop may be constructed by crisscrossing two of these logic gates that return true only if both inputs are false.
Answer: NOR
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Answer the following about Orestes, the historical one, FTPE.,
[10] Flavius Orestes deposed this Western Roman Emperor, sometimes considered the last emperor, in order to install his son Romulus Augustulus. This guy fled Ravenna and continued to reign in exile at Salona in Dalmatia until 480 CE.
Answer: Julius Nepos
[10] Orestes was beheaded on the orders of this Scirian leader upon revoking his pledge to grant him one-third of Italian land. This guy then deposed Romulus Augustus and took the title king of Italy for the next 17 years.
Answer: Odoacer (or Odovacar)
[10] This Byzantine emperor from 474 to 491 CE refused to recognize the reign of Orestes or Romulus. He was busy at the time fending off a revolt by Basiliscus, who briefly deposed him and seized Constantinople.
Answer: Flavius Zeno
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This composer's minor work includes incidental music for King Lear and the symphonic poem Tamara, while his second piano concerto was finished by his disciple Sergei Lyapunov. FTPE:,
[10] Name this composer who also wrote a musical picture known as "1,000 Years," and helped composed the Manfred Symphony for Tchaikovsky, who dedicated it to him.
Answer: Mily Balakirev
[10] Lyapunov also orchestrated this best-known work by Balakirev, an "Oriental Fantasy" for piano which has also been orchestrated Alfreda Casella. A notoriously difficult piece to play, it was dedicated to Nikolai Rubinstein.
Answer: Islamey: an Oriental Fantasy
[10] Of course, Balakirev is best known for working with critic Vladimir Stasov to organize this group of Russian composers.
Answer: The Five or The Mighty Handful
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This work, which has been translated by John and Doreen Weightman, opens with the rather ironic observation "I hate traveling and explorers." FTPE:,
[10] Name this autobiographical work of anthropology written in 1955 which gives an account of tribes in the upland jungles of Brazil including the Caduveo, Bororo, Nambikwara, and Tupi-Kawahib.
Answer: Tristes Tropiques
[10] Tristes Tropiques was a popular early work of this anthropologist, published after his Elementary Structures of Kinship.
Answer: Claude Levi-Strauss
[10] Tristes Tropiques was originally translated into English by John Russell in 1961, who omitted four chapters and gave it this title.
Answer: A World on the Wane
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It begins with the actions of pyruvate carboxylase and ends with the actions of glucose-6-phosphatase. FTPE:,
[10] Name this process occurring in the liver in which glucose is formed from non-carbohydrates, basically the reverse of glycolysis.
Answer: gluconeogenesis
[10] The second enzyme in gluconeogenesis is this one, which removes a carbon dioxide from oxalo-acetate to form its namesake molecule, which is also the second to last molecule formed during glycolysis.
Answer: PEPCK [or phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase]
[10] A husband and wife team lent their name to this cycle, in which lactate produced by muscles after glycolysis makes its way to the liver, where it undergoes gluconeogenesis to be used for energy again.
Answer: Cori cycle
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A piece very similar to this one, entitled Triptych 1976, was very recently sold at Sotheby's for a record 2 million dollars and depicts Orestes in the central panel. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1946 work, its artist's first attempt at a triptych, which depicts the Furies as composite beasts with their heads pointing down against a bright orange background. Although allegedly planned by the artist, the title Christian symbol was never added.
Answer: Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion
[10] After completing that work, this artist requested that all his previous work be destroyed. He's also known for painting Velazquez's Innocent X with some slabs of meat.
Answer: Francis Bacon
[10] Bacon was turned on to the story of the Eumenides by reading this T.S. Eliot play, in which the Lord Harry Monchensey returns to Wishwood for his mother's last birthday pursued by the Furies.
Answer: The Family Reunion
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This author's first successful play, a 1786 farce entitled A Mogul's Tale, is about a group of London ballooners who accidentally descend into a Mughal seraglio. FTPE:,
[10] Name this female restoration playwright who wrote Wives as They Were, Maids as They Are and the novel A Simple Story, but may be best known for adapting August von Kotzebue's work with her play Lovers' Vows.
Answer: Elizabeth Inchbald
[10] Lovers' Vows was prominently featured in this Jane Austen novel about Fanny Price, who comes to live with Sir Thomas Bertram.
Answer: Mansfield Park
[10] A key member of Inchbald's circle was this novelist, who wrote An Essay on Irish Bulls and Ennui in addition to Castle Rackrent.
Answer: Maria Edgeworth
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Sources from both sides in this battle seem to indicate its roots lay in a local clash between Ferghana and Chach. FTPE:,
[10] Ferghana sought Chinese assistance in the prelude to this battle in 751 A.D. between the Arabs and the Chinese.
Answer: Battle of Talas River
[10] Prior to Talas River, the Korean General Kao Hsien-chih had crushed an uprising of this kingdom in Gilgit. A century earlier, this place saw a surge in power under its first king Songsten Gampo, under whose reign the Jokhang monastery was constructed in Lhasa.
Answer: Tibet
[10] Although the Chinese were pretty soundly crushed, they pinned the blame for the loss on this Turkish tribe which, just prior to the battle, had been active in fighting Muslim expansion in the area.
Answer: Qarluq Turks [or Karluk; or Karluq; or Qarluk]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these authors who wrote about faithful characters, FTPE.,
[10] The Faithful Wife is a novel by this author of Jenny and Madame Dorthea, who is more famous for a work in which Simon Darre is abandoned by a title character who travels to the estate of Husaby.
Answer: Sigrid Undset
[10] The Faithful Shepherdess is a pastoral tragicomedy by this man, who wrote about the love of Demetrius and Enanthe in The Humorous Lieutenant and the courtship of Oriana and Mirabel in The Wild Goose Chase.
Answer: John Fletcher
[10] The Faithful Shepherd is a one-act religious drama by this playwright of The Daughter of the Air, better known for telling of the imprisonment of Segismundo in Life is a Dream.
Answer: Pedro Calderon de la Barca
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He published his Petrarchan love sonnets Olive before departing for Rome, where he met a woman named Faustine who appears in his poetry as Columbelle. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Frenchman who later published the sonnet sequences The Regrets and The Antiquities of Rome.
Answer: Joachim Du Bellay
[10] Du Bellay composed the "Defence and Illustration of the French Language," which served as the manifesto for this group of 16th century French poets with an astronomy-inspired name.
Answer: Le Pleiade (or The Pleiades)
[10] This "prince of poets" and leader of Le Pleiade attempted an epic "La Franciade" which was left unfinished at his death and wrote Sonnets pour Helene.
Answer: Pierre de Ronsard
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He is madly in love with a princess, but realizes his love is impossible and settles for spiritual love to fulfill his existence. FTPE:,
[10] Name this hypothetical being posited by Kierkegaard, who waives his claim to real, tangible, and finite love, unlike his more virtuous and desirable counterpart.
Answer: Knight of Infinite Resignation
[10] The Knight of Infinite Resignation, along with the Knight of Faith, appear in this Kierkegaard work which examines Abraham's willingness to sacrifice Isaac and expounds on the "leap of faith".
Answer: Fear and Trembling [or Frygt og Baven]
[10] In this work featuring Anti-Climacus, Kierkegaard examines the nature of his faith and makes a particular distinction between loftiness and lowliness with regards to approaching Christ, concluding that "true loftiness is abasement or …abasement is true loftiness." He later prays and calls Christ to draw his followers to himself.
Answer: Practice in Christianity [or Training in Christianity]

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