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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Chicago Open Tossups by Editors
Average difficulty: 4Average quality: 6Category: History
The rule of this man was opposed by Father Paul Abessole, who led the national rally of the "Lumberjacks" or "Woodcutters," which supported breakaway opposition factions like MORENA and the RNB. Once married to a pop singer Patience Dabany, this ruler embraced the motto "Dialogue, Tolerance, Peace" when he took power declaring a one-party state under the BDG. A member of the Bateke tribe, he ascended after the governments of J.H. Aubame and Leon M'ba, under whom he served as vice president. His illicit connection to the oil firm Elf centers around his country's petroleum capital, Port-Gentil, and has resulted in extensive corruption trials. Taking his current name after converting to Islam when he ascended to power in 1967, FTP, name this man who continues to be the ruler of Gabon.
Answer: Omar Bongo (or El Hadj Omar Bongo Ondimba or Albert-Bernard Bongo)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The left transept of this building contains the Chapel of Saint John the Baptist, with several frescoes by Pinturicchio. Domenico di Bartolo's depiction of "Emperor Sigismund Enthroned" and Matteo di Giovanni's Massacre of the Innocents are two of the 59 panels in the famous marble floor here; that theme is mirrored by the black and white striped campanile. The great octagonal pulpit was designed by Nicola Pisano, assisted by his son Giovanni who also worked on its lower facade, while the small Chigi Chapel is a design by Bernini. The Feast of Herod by Donatello was designed for its baptistery, while its high altar was once the home of the Maesta altarpiece. FTP, name this cathedral in the hometown of Simone Martini and Duccio, a rival city in the arts to nearby Florence.
Answer: Siena Cathedral (or Duomo di Siena, Duomo of Siena, or Cathedrale di Santa Maria)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One stanza of this poem begins by depicting a scene "inert, [where] all things burn in the tawny hour" as the speaker stands alone in "ancient floods of light," a contrast with an earlier part where he described his doubt as "the hoard of ancient night." That speaker notices two intertwined figures at his feet who are bruised by "languor in the pain of being two," and he seizes them, without untangling them. This piece was begun about the same time as its author's long poem "Herodias," and published in a volume decorated by a line drawing of Edouard Manet. In the end, the speaker lies on sand delighting to open his mouth to "wine's potent star" and return to dreams, saying "I shall see the shade that you now are." FTP, name this poem which begins by talking about perpetuating some nymphs, a symbolist masterpiece by Stephane Mallarme which inspired Claude Debussy to compose his Prelude.
Answer: "The Afternoon of a Faun"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
William de Sitter described a general relativistic correction to it in 19 The Thomas variety of this process is a correction to the spin-orbit interaction in an atom, and Larmor described this process happening to magnetic moments in the presence of an external field. The Lense-Thirring effect causes this to occur near massive objects, and Poinsot's Ellipsoid is an example of the torque-free variety. The Earth undergoes this process with a period of 26000 years, and tidal forces in the form of nutation perturb it. For ten points, identify this general physical process in which the angular momentum vector of an object rotates.
Answer: Precession
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This writer examines drafts of "The Ages of the World" by Schelling in his The Indivisible Remainder. In one work, he argues that political subjects rely upon others to know the meaning of "master signifiers," while in another he analyzes the designs of European toilets. He discusses his notion of enjoyment as a political factor in For They Know Not What They Do, attacks critics of Cartesian subjectivity in The Ticklish Subject, and writes on Gilles Deleuze and consequences in Organs Without Bodies. In other works, he analyzes the evolution of detective fiction and David Lynch's Lost Highway, but he may be best known for works like The Sublime Object of Ideology in which he reformulates the notion of ideology, and for composing several books on Jacques Lacan. FTP, name this modern philosopher born in Slovenia.
Answer: Slavoj Zizek
Average difficulty: 5Average quality: 6Category: History
This man gained acclaim when he traveled to South Connemara and created conflict for Julio Cesar Arana, whose firm was responsible for the Putumayo affair but he was never imprisoned. It's popular to say that this man's death hinged upon a comma, since a forced interpretation of the meaning of a comma allowed jurisdiction over him, after the discovery of a disguised Norwegian ship, the Aud, carrying arms procured by him from Germany. The authenticity of this man's Black Diaries has been confirmed, though they're often blasted as a forgery, since they were deliberately circulated to expose his homosexual conduct with native boys. FTP, name this consular official who wrote a report exposing atrocities in the Belgian Congo, an Irish nationalist who played a key role in the Easter Rebellion.
Answer: Roger Casement (Sir Roger David Casement)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This economic quantity is depicted on the horizontal axis of a Beveridge Curve, whose originator Sir William Beveridge composed an influential report on this in 19 The Pigou Effect means that even special cases of a liquidity trap are not sufficient to maintain equilibrium of this quantity, since the IS curve will shift to the right. Okun's law is an empirical observation which says that a one percentage point rise in this will result in a 3 percent decrease in the GDP gap of an economy. Beveridge first identified the frictional type of this, which is transient and not caused by aggregate failure of demand, unlike the cyclical and structural types. Its inverse relationship with inflation is depicted by the Phillips Curve. FTP, name this economic quantity, a measure of how many people don't have jobs.
Answer: unemployment (or "rate of unemployment" and equivalents)
Average difficulty: 2Average quality: 6Category: Literature
This writer's final work was a short comedy in two acts "Small War on Murray Hill." Elena Krug is married to the psychiatrist Anton but obsessed with what life would have been had she married Prince Rudolf von Hapsburg, who now drives a cab in Nice, in Reunion in Vienna. The Nobel Prize-winning scientist Doctor Kaarlo Valkonen and his American wife Miranda refuse to flee their home in There Shall Be No Night. Harry Van manages the troupe of showgirls "Les Blondes" who are stranded at the Hotel Monte Gabriele in the Italian Alps in Idiot's Delight. A more famous play sees the hitchhiker Alan Squier meet Gabby Maple in a diner, only to request that the assassin Duke Mantee kill him for insurance money. FTP, name this American playwright who authored Abe Lincoln in Illinois and The Petrified Forest.
Answer: Robert Sherwood
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This kind of compound is the last intermediate in the Bamford-Stevens reaction, and the foiled type of them is stabilized by the presence of a nearby double bond. In credit for his isolation of them, Arduengo's name is sometimes attached to the persistent, or stable kind of these compounds. Tebbe's reagent can react with a Lewis base to form the Schrock type of these, while another class of them can act like ketones and is named for Ernst Fischer. A common example is formed by reacting chloroform with a strong base, and they can add to alkenes to form stereo-specific cyclopropanes. FTP, name these reactive intermediates that are typically sp2 hybridized with a divalent carbon, an empty p orbital, and an unshared pair of electrons, making them electrically neutral.
Answer: carbene
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A contemporary account of this group was written by the Englishman Robert Hamilton Williams who traveled with them. Their leaders included Samuel Jones and Benjamin F. Stringfellow, who was initially identified as one by Governor Andrew Reeder, which resulted in Reeder getting beaten with a chair. They were opposed by a group known as the Redlegs, led by "Doc" Jennison. They supported the English Bill and attempted to secure its passage, spurred on by the oratory of senator David Rice Atchison. In their most famous role, they camped on the Wakarusa and launch a number of raids as part of a war in which they attempted to preserve Article Seven of the Lecompton Constitution. FTP, name this ragtag band of poor Missouri residents who snuck into Kansas to support slavery.
Answer: border ruffians (or bushwackers)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Four numbered examples of these were composed by Leonardo Ciampa, the last of which is an "Ave Maria" and the second is the "Lutheran." Clarence Dickinson composed one called "Storm King" in 19 A three-movement one written for Nadia Boulanger's appearance in New York at the invite of Walter Damrosch has a frantic scherzo in the middle movement - this piece was written by Aaron Copland in 1924. A notable one of these, the composer's fifth, ends in a famous toccata in F while the fourth has an andante cantabile - that composer's pupil, Louis Vierne, also composed six of these. Charles-Marie Widor wrote ten of them and pioneered the genre, but a different work sharing this name had its score dedicated to Liszt and is divided into two parts while still following the traditional four movements. FTP, give this name used for the third symphony in C minor by Camille Saint-Saens.
Answer: organ symphony (or just "organ" after symphony)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The patent for this device was originally held by David Sherry and its namesake, though in 2006 it was sold to the Wisner Group, which it has since de-merged from. Its most recent application is in the game of snooker, where it first appeared at the Snooker Grand Prix in Aberdeen and then the World Snooker Championships in 20 Though its initial application was in a test match in cricket between England and Pakistan in 2001, its best known use typically allows a player three incorrect challenges and an additional one for a tiebreak. It's almost never used for clay court events, where players can request that the chair umpire examine a mark. FTP, name this technology used in tennis to track the trajectory of balls, which happily for Eric Mukherjee shares its name with the nickname of Alan Alda's character on M*A*S*H.
Answer: Hawk-Eye (also accept Shot Spot, but do not accept Mac-Cam or Auto-Ref or Cyclops)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of these events in Indian history is known as the Chalisa and was followed by another one called the Doji bara or the "Skull" one. Japanese history saw three consecutive examples of these events known as the Kyoho, Tenmei, and Tenpo, while the earlier Kansho one coincided with the succession crisis of the Hatakeyama clan. A stele discovered on the island of Sehel attests to one of these in ancient Egypt and tells of a dream by the Third Dynasty pharaoh Djoser. One of these was notably written about by Robert Conquest and James Mace and is known as the Holodomor, while the year 1315 witnessed a so-called "great" one which affected medieval Europe. FTP, name these events, an "artificial" one of which happened in the Ukraine and is often cited as genocide, while another one involved potatoes in Ireland.
Answer: famines (or any equivalent, like "lack of food")
Average difficulty: 4Average quality: 6Category: None
One writer from this country tells the story of Mary-Mathilda who kills Mr. Belfeels in his novel The Polished Hoe, while another authored the poem "Beneath the Casuarinas" and was editor of Bim magazine. Those writers, Austin Clarke and Frank Collymore, join another writer from here who tells of a nine year old boy named G. who grows up with his friends Trumper, Blue Boy, and Bob. That author penned the essay collection The Pleasures of Exile in addition to that novel In the Castle of My Skin, while a trilogy later known as The Arrivants consisting of Rights of Passage, Islands, and Masks was written by another author from here, Edward Kamau Braithwaite. In addition to the above-mentioned writer, George Lamming, this is the birthplace of the parents of the author of Brown Girl, Brownstones - Paule Marshall. FTP, name this former British colony in the Caribbean.
Answer: Barbados (yeah, that's right, the literature of Barbados!)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One type of cell in this structure is distinguished by the presence of Birbeck granules, and a namesake histio-cytosis of those cells can lead to Letter-Siwe disease. The acidophilic substance eleidin is found in its outer areas in what is known as the clear layer, and hemi-desmosomes anchor it to the convoluted junction between it and the structure beneath it. Besides the nerve-ending-associated Merkel cells and aforementioned Langerhans cells, the primary cell type here becomes pyknotic and flattens out as it differentiates, eventually dying and becoming part of the waxy stratum corneum. FTP, name this avascular structure consisting primarily of keratinocytes, along with melanocytes, the outermost layer of human skin.
Answer: epidermis [prompt on "skin" until "junction"; do NOT prompt on "dermis"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This architect originally attended film school and co-wrote a film noir The White Slave, about a man who naively sells girls into an Arab brothel in the desert. His designs include the Nexus Housing project in Fukuoka, Japan, consisting of 24 individual houses of three stories, and the Bordeaux House, whose middle section is an all-glass room that also functions as an elevator. Also known for work on the Seattle Public Library, he wrote a so-called "retroactive manifesto for Manhattan" entitled Delirious New York, where he first elaborated on his theory of "Bigness," celebrating the mega-structure as all that can survive. His views are apparent in his master plan for "Euralille," designed by his firm, the Office for Metropolitan Architecture or OMA, as well as his design for the CCTV Building in China - all outlined in his massive collection of essays entitled S, M, L, XL. FTP, name this modern Dutch architect with a really cool name.
Answer: Rem Koolhaas
Average difficulty: 5Average quality: 6Category: None
One son of this figure stole a vat from Ainge and hurled it away, which resulted in a beautiful wood, while another of his sons married Ethlinn to birth Muirne and Tuiren. Those sons, Gaible and Tadg, were born to this son of Echtach - he was replaced for a time by Bres Mac Elatha, a tyrant whom he later deposed, though he would later give up the throne again for 13 days in return for aid. He was given a present by Miach, which inspired a jealous rivalry with Miach's father Dian Cecht, who had previously given him a similar and somewhat inferior gift. He was killed by Balor, the leader of the Fomorians, at the Second Battle of Magh Tuireadh - the first battle had seen Sreng inflict a notable casualty on this figure. FTP, name this one-time king of the Tuatha de Danaan famous for being given an arm made out of silver.
Answer: Nuada Airgedlamh ("Nuada of the Silver Hand")
Average difficulty: 5Average quality: 6Category: None
This battle was preceded by a skirmish at the Estero Bellaco marsh. Its participants include an Englishman George Thompson, who later criticized the aggressive attack plan, which split the forces of Francisco Resquin and Vicente Barrios. The victors suffered the death of Antonio Sampaio and had their cavalry commanded by a man known as the "Legendary," Manuel Luis Osorio, while the artillery constructed a moat on the orders of Captain Emilio Mallet. The engagement was fought in the wake of the naval Battle of Riachuelo, in which the losing army's navy was destroyed, but they would keep fighting until four years later, after the Battle of Cerro Cora. A smashing victory for the overall commander Bartolome Mitre, FTP, name this 1866 battle which saw the slaughter of a whole bunch of Paraguayan soldiers, the bloodiest battle in the War of the Triple Alliance.
Answer: Battle of Tuyuti (or Tuyuty)
Average difficulty: 4Average quality: 6Category: None
This author wrote about thirty year old Hannah Bullen and her poor family in her final novel The Sixth Beatitude. This writer of poetry collections like Twixt Earth and Stars and The Forgotten Island depicts the illegitimate Gian Luca, who rises to headwaiter at an Italian restaurant, only to sicken of that life and become a hermit in the woods where he tragically befriends a pony in the novel Adam's Breed. She tells the story of Julia Ogden in The Unlit Lamp, but is more famous for a book in which a woman is courted by the Canadian Martin Hallam and meets Angela Crossby. That woman is born to parents who had wanted a boy, and thus saddled with the name Stephen Gordon; the book ends with her memorable plea "give us also the right to our existence!" FTP, name this author of The Well of Loneliness, an early 20th century English writer famous for being lesbian.
Answer: Radclyffe Hall (Marguerite Radclyffe-Hall)
Average difficulty: 4Average quality: 6Category: None
One social scientist with this last name spent some time down under which led him to write a novel subtitled as "An Australian Idyll," Kanga Creek. He also wrote a travel book The Soul of Spain and exchanged letters with the South African writer Olive Schreiner, though he was married to the English writer Edith Lees. In his field, he coined the idea of "eonism," naming it after a Frenchman in the court of Catherine the Great. Another man by this name wrote The Art and Science of Love as his first major book in 1960, but is better remembered as the father of rational-emotive behavior therapy and founder of the Institute for Rational Living. The first man of this name authored the magnum opus Studies in the Psychology of Sex, which paved the way for men like Alfred Kinsey. FTP, give the last name of these two men who both researched sex, Albert and Henry Havelock.
Answer: Ellis (Henry Havelock Ellis and Albert Ellis)
2008 Chicago Open Bonuses by Editors
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man's son Eric, also based at the University of Chicago, has written about the "limits of international law." FTPE:,
[10] Name this Seventh Circuit judge who has written Catastrophe: Risk and Response and the textbook Economic Analysis of Law, establishing himself as the preeminent voice of the law and economics movement.
Answer: Richard Posner
[10] Posner has a blog with this economist who has applied law-and-economic thought in works like Human Capital, Treatise on the Family, and his landmark early work The Economics of Discrimination.
Answer: Gary Becker
[10] Posner wrote "a study in reputation" on this judge, who waxed eloquent on proximate cause in his opinion in Palsgraf v. Long Island Rail Road Company as chief judge of the New York Court of Appeals; he was later appointed to the Supreme Court by Hoover.
Answer: Benjamin Cardozo
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these video games on a common theme, FTPE.,
[10] This PS2 role playing game follows the stories of Gwendolyn, the Shadow Knight Oswald, the prince Cornelius and his orphaned princess Velvet, and the fairy princess Mercedes who wield psypher weapons capable of absorbing phozons.
Answer: Odin Sphere
[10] The two installments of this role playing series follow the sisters Lenneth and Silmeria, who rebel against their father and his quest to secure the Dragon Orb.
Answer: Valkyrie Profile
[10] Erik the Swift, Baleog the Fierce, and Olaf the Stout get kidnapped by the alien emperor of the Croutonians, Tomator, in this SNES game and its sequel. Naturally, the only way they can get home is by moving through some puzzles one at a time.
Answer: The Lost Vikings
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about ligand field theory FTPE.,
[10] Ligand field theory, which deals with the d orbital energies and such of transition metal complexes, was created by merging molecular orbital theory with this older theory on the same subject, originally developed by Hans Bethe.
Answer: crystal field theory
[10] One of the hallmarks of crystal field theory, though not explained until the advent of ligand field theory, is this list of ligands in order of the amount of energy splitting they caused when binding the central metal ion.
Answer: spectrochemical series
[10] Another concept introduced by ligand field theory is this, in which an electron moves from an atomic d orbital in the metal to an anti-bonding molecular orbital in the ligand, which reduces the bond's vibrational frequency.
Answer: pi backbonding [or pi backdonation]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The most popular member of this group was Guido Gozzano, who carried on a literary affair with the poet Amalia Guglielminetti. FTPE:,
[10] Name this group of early 20th century Italian poets, whose name was coined by Giuseppe Borgese and literally means "twilight poets."
Answer: I/The Crepuscolari
[10] I Crepuscolari was in part a reaction against the work of this Italian writer, who wrote novels like The Child of Pleasure and The Flame of Life and dramas like La Gioconda and Francesca da Rimini, but may be better known for his political exploit in capturing the port city of Fiume.
Answer: Gabriele D'Annunzio
[10] D'Annunzio was in turn heavily influenced by this Italian poet and critic, who caused a fracas with his manifesto "The Hymn to Satan." Also the author of Barbarian Odes, he won a Nobel in 1906 and was regarded as the national poet of Italy.
Answer: Giosue Carducci
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The fourth and final chapter discusses the anti-dialogical method, which employs cultural invasion and divide-and-rule. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1968 work which critiques the "culture of silence" and the "banking model," and explores the awakening of critical consciousness through the investigation of "generative themes."
Answer: Pedagogy of the Oppressed
[10] Pedagogy of the Oppressed was written by this Brazilian guy, who is famous, I suppose.
Answer: Paolo Freire
[10] The work of Paolo Freire has been promoted by this American, a leading scholar of critical pedagogical theory, who coined the notion of the teacher as a "transformative intellectual" possessing knowledge to solve structural inequalities. He's also written The University in Chains and Theory and Resistance in Education.
Answer: Henry Giroux
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It created a new constitution and elected a group of lawmakers known as the "Conservators and Defenders of Liberty." FTPE:,
[10] Name this rather glorious-sounding but short-lived republic which lasted from 1447 to 1450 in Milan, and was overthrown by Francesco Sforza after his military protection had initially helped to set it up.
Answer: Ambrosian Republic (or Golden Ambrosian Republic)
[10] The Ambrosian Republic was torn with internal strife since its initial leaders like Lampugnino belonged to this Italian faction, which traditionally supported the Holy Roman Emperor against the temporal power of the papacy.
Answer: Ghibellines
[10] After Francesco Sforza, he concluded this treaty in 1454 between Milan and Venice, which established permanent boundaries amongst Italian states and lasted until the invasion of Charles VIII in 1494.
Answer: Peace of Lodi
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Helmholtz free energy is proportional to the natural logarithm of this quantity and multiplying that logarithm by temperature and differentiating with respect to temperature gives the entropy. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this important quantity from statistical mechanics.
Answer: canonical partition function
[10] The partition function is usually defined as a summation over these terms that feature the energy of an individual state divided by kT and placed in an exponential.
Answer: Boltzmann factors
[10] If a system can exchange both heat and particles with its environment, we must use the grand canonical partition function instead. This quantity, indicative of particle exchange, is subtracted from the energy of each state in its corresponding term.
Answer: chemical potential
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This symphonic poem, Opus 107, is based on a collection called Kytice or "The Bouquet" by Karel Erben, as are its composer's other poems "The Golden Spinning Wheel" and "The Wild Dove." FTPE:,
[10] Name this work in which a title creature abducts a young girl and then kills the child they have together after he allows her to return to land.
Answer: "The Water Goblin" (or Vodnik)
[10] "The Water Goblin" is by this composer of the Dumky Trio, whose first symphony is known as "The Bells of Zlonice."
Answer: Antonin Dvorak
[10] "The Water Goblin" shares many themes with this Dvorak opera, in which the title soprano falls in love with a human prince and surrenders the power of speech so that the witch Jezibaba can make her human, but the prince rejects her to pursue the foreign princess.
Answer: Rusalka
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
At the start of this play, we meet the four mendicants Goyi, Blindman, Cripple, and Aafaa, who mimic the actions of the protagonists, while the old women Iya Agba and Iya Mate inhabit a symbolic raised hut. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1970 play in which Dr. Bero remarks that human flesh is delicious and shoots his father, the Old Man.
Answer: Madmen and Specialists
[10] Madmen and Specialists is a play by this author of Kongi's Harvest, who also wrote a play in which the beautiful maiden Sidi comes to marry Baroka, the Bale of Ilujinle.
Answer: Wole Soyinka
[10] Soyinka's first major play was this 1958 work, which ends when one of the twin sons of Alu and Makuri confronts the priest Kadiye, a servant of the Serpent god who is accused of duping the title residents of the village.
Answer: The Swamp Dwellers
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer stuff about some offbeat artistic movements of the 20th century, FTPE.,
[10] Robert Falk and Alexander Kuprin were members of this Russian avant-garde movement of the 1910s, inspired by Cezanne and French Cubism. Its name was coined by Mikhail Larionov, but he soon left with Goncharova to form an even wackier group called the Donkey's Tail.
Answer: Jack of Diamonds group or Knave of Diamonds (or Bubnovy Valet)
[10] Jesus-Rafael Soto and Larry Poons are associated with this movement which emerged during the later 1950s focusing on pulsating colors and manipulating perception, led by Bridget Riley and Victor Vasarely.
Answer: Op Art (or optical art)
[10] The term "Art Brut" was coined by this rebellious French artist to describe pieces produced by outsiders such as insane asylum residents. He often used crude impasto surfaces such as sand, tar, and gravel and may be best known for his Hourloupe series, which included performance art pieces like the Coucou Bazar.
Answer: Jean Dubuffet
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Just to make Jon Magin mad, name these natural law theorists of libertarian thought, FTPE.,
[10] This Massachusetts-born anarchist allied himself with Benjamin Tucker's journal Liberty, and became known for individualist tracts like "No Treason: The Constitution of No Authority" and his 1846 work of abolitionism, The Unconstitutionality of Slavery.
Answer: Lysander Spooner
[10] This student of Ludwig von Mises and the Austrian school argued for the necessity of absolute self-ownership in The Ethics of Liberty, in addition to writing the 1964 pamphlet What Has Government Done to Our Money? and his landmark treatise Man, Economy, and State.
Answer: Murray Rothbard
[10] The Examined Life and The Nature of Rationality are later works of this philosopher, who responded to John Rawls with his Anarchy, State, and Utopia.
Answer: Robert Nozick
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It consists of a descending limb and both thin and thick ascending limbs. FTPE:,
[10] Name this target of many diuretic drugs, the structure in nephrons that establishes the counter-current multiplier system.
Answer: loop of Henle
[10] In juxtamedullary nephrons, the peritubular capillaries associated with the loop of Henle are given this term because they are long and straight, running right alongside the loop.
Answer: vasa recta renis
[10] The term vasa recta can also apparently refer to straight portions of seminiferous tubules, which are lined with these cells that do lots of things to make future sperm happy in the process of spermatogenesis.
Answer: Sertoli cells
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The narrator William Bradshaw meets the mysterious title character, a masochist who carries a fake passport and has written a classic work of pornography, but that man's debt to Schmidt forces him to flee to Mexico. FTPE:,
[10] Name this novel published along with Sally Bowles and Goodbye to Berlin in Berlin Stories.
Answer: Mr. Norris Changes Trains
[10] Mr. Norris Changes Trains is a work by this English author, who frequently collaborated with his part-time lover W.H. Auden on works like The Ascent of F6.
Answer: Christopher Isherwood
[10] The Berlin Stories were dramatized by John Van Druten as this 1951 play made into a movie in 1955, which became the basis for the musical Cabaret.
Answer: I Am a Camera
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer stuff about people in American history who share a common first name, FTPE.,
[10] This minister and later president of Alcorn College became the first black to be elected to Congress when he was elected during Reconstruction to be a Senator for Mississippi.
Answer: Hiram Rhoades Revels
[10] Hiram Johnson was a Senator from California who joined with this Senator from Idaho as the core of the group known as the "Irreconcilables," who staunchly opposed the Woodrow Wilson's League of Nations. He ran for president as a Republican in 1936.
Answer: William Edgar Borah
[10] Hiram Smith was the only casualty of this conflict, which resulted from a border dispute finally settled by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty.
Answer: Aroostook War
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Referred to as the "prophet without honor" in a book by Richard Humphrey, his first major work was on the trial of Socrates, in which he attacked Socrates' intellectualism for subverting the values of the polis. FTPE:,
[10] Name this French thinker who advocated revolutionary syndicalism in such works as the 1908 study Illusions of Progress.
Answer: Georges Sorel
[10] Published the same year as Illusions of Progress, this best-known work by Sorel argues that the proletariat should be exhorted to seize power through a belief in the myth of the general strike, discarding the false utopias promised by the bourgeoisie.
Answer: Reflections on Violence (Reflexions sur la violence)
[10] This German wrote a "Critique of Violence" which shares many elements with Sorel's work, but he's better known for The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction.
Answer: Walter Benjamin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This nymph was occasionally visited by Flora and Venus, but did not dare to leave her wood. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Roman goddess of fruit and orchards who ended up wedding Vertumnus after he came to her in the guise of an old woman.
Answer: Pomona
[10] Pomona had previously been pursued by Silvanus and this figure, but when she rejected him, he went off to marry Canens and was turned into a woodpecker.
Answer: Picus
[10] In one version of her tale, Pomona is accompanied by the nymph Carna, who was notably pursued by this Roman god of gates and doorways.
Answer: Janus
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
These freemason-like groups worked with the First Triumvirate, a more local party headed by Bernardino Rivadavia in Buenos Aires. FTPE:,
[10] Name these underground organizations set up as "lodges" in Latin America to fight for independence from the Spanish and named after a Mapucho chieftain.
Answer: Lautaro Lodge(s)
[10] The most famous lodge leader was this man, who marched into Santiago after the Battle of Chacabuco, but quickly resigned from his post as supreme dictator and allowed his fellow commander Bernardo O'Higgins to become governor.
Answer: Jose de San Martin
[10] Fought about a year after Chacabuco, this smaller 1818 battle saw San Martin defeat General Mariano Osorio, completely ousting royalist forces from Chile and securing its independence.
Answer: Battle of Maipu
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Identify the following theorems from group theory for ten points each.,
[10] This theorem states that every finite group is isomorphic to a subset of a symmetric group.
Answer: Cayley's Theorem
[10] This theorem states that the order of a finite group is divisible by the order of any of its subgroups.
Answer: Lagrange's Theorem
[10] Any two composition series for a group are equivalent according to this doubly eponymous theorem.
Answer: Jordan-Holder Theorem
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Answer the following about American literature inspired by Sacco and Vanzetti, FTPE.,
[10] Their case is told through the fictional Cornelia Thornwell, who rebels against her Brahmin background, in this author's two-volume novel Boston. He wrote about Lanny Budd in Dragon's Teeth.
Answer: Upton Sinclair
[10] Though Maxwell Anderson touched on the theme in Winterset, this 1928 play written with Harold Hickerson was his first on the case. It renames the victims Capraro and Macready, the latter of whom is engaged to Rosalie, the daughter of a restaurant manager.
Answer: Gods of the Lightning
[10] This poet declared "Let us abandon then our gardens and go home and sit in the sitting-room" in her "Justice Denied in Massachusetts." She also wrote "The Ballad of the Harp-Weaver" and "Renascence."
Answer: Edna St. Vincent Millay
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He converted to evangelical Christianity in 1785, after a few years serving in Parliament, and he later wrote the book A Practical View on the Prevailing Religious System of Professed Christians. FTPE:,
[10] Name this English reformer who reportedly had a conversation with Pitt the Younger under a tree, after which he worked with men like Thomas Clarkson as a dogged supporter of abolition.
Answer: William Wilberforce
[10] Wilberforce pushed the Slave Registration Bill to ensure compliance with abolition, and he was supported by this prime minister who succeeded the Duke of Portland in 1809, but nothing came of it since this man was assassinated by John Bellingham three years later.
Answer: Spencer Perceval
[10] Earlier, Wilberforce had been a big supporter of this ministry of politicians called together by Lord Grenville in 1806 after the death of Pitt the Younger. This group of skillful-sounding Whigs included Charles James Fox as Foreign Minister and Lord Sidmouth as Lord Privy Seal.
Answer: "Ministry of All the Talents"

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