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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Chicago Open Tossups by Cheyne of Fools
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Leonce Rosenberg built the "Room of the Gladiators" in his home specifically to house works he commissioned this man to create. Six orange and white flags appear behind the half-naked title figures of one of this man's paintings, while another features a display case housing five crackers on a blue background. A notable portrait by this man, who signed his later works "Pictor Optimus," features a bust of its subject wearing frameless sunglasses, and another of this man's works inspired a poem by Silvia Plath that asks about ladies "with heads like darning-eggs." Marble sculptures of women lying on stone blocks appear in his Ariadne and Soothsayer's Recompense, while a large marble head appears with a glove and a green ball in his Love Song . Better-known works include The Disquieting Muse and Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon, but he is most famous for a work depicting a lone girl pushing a hoop down an alley. For ten points name this surrealist painter of Mystery and Melancholy of a Street.
Answer: Giorgio de Chirico
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This man tried to set up an attack on a port city with the fleet of William and Ralph Viel, but nothing came of their plans. This man's leg was broken during one retreat, leading to his capture after he had broken the Treaty of Sahagun. That breach of treaty came in part due to the actions of Giraldo Sempavor, known as the Fearless, who fought for this man. For four ounces of gold a year, this man received protection from Lucius II. This man was saved by Fernando II from a siege led by Abu Yaqub Yusuf in Santarem, and he signed the Treaty of Zamora with Alfonso VII to recognize gains he made in the Battle of Ourique. Earlier, this man fought against Ferdinand Peres and his own (*) mother, Teresa, leading to victory at the Battle of Sao Mamede. This member of the House of Burgundy successfully ended vassalage to the Kingdom of Leon. For 10 points, name this man who became the first king of Portugal.
Answer: Afonso I of Portugal [or Afonso Henriques; accept Alfonso/Alonzo, Enriquez, etc.]
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Some scholars have argued that most of this man's book was written by a different source from his prayer in chapter 2, and one of the ironies of this character is that, while he is deceitful, his father's name means "truth." This man makes a cameo eight books before his own and is told to anoint Jehu as rightful king. The Yalkut Shimoni asserts that after this man performed his commanded task, the King of the city to which he had traveled tore down his palace and ordered that both the people and beasts wear sackcloth and ashes in repentance, though this man was disappointed that they were shown mercy at all. A recurring theme at the beginning of the story is this man's "going down," first to Joppa and then into his napping spot, the hold of a ship. This son of Amittai's book falls between those of Obadiah and Micah and is read every year on Yom Kippur. For ten points name this reluctant prophet of the Hebrew Bible who eventually prophesies the destruction of Nineveh after failing to run away.
Answer: Jonah [accept Yonah or Yunus]
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In one of this man's short stories, a racy storyteller befriends a man he calls "the Intruder" before dying at a banquet in the Union Coffeehouse, while in another, the protagonist becomes wary of progress after entering an unpopulated machine-run city. In addition to "Mechanopolis," this man wrote about a physician who compiles the work All or Nothing while under the care of Dr. Atienza in "The Madness of Doctor Montarco." In another work by this man, Eugenia runs off with Mauricio the day before she is to marry Augusto, and he wrote a short novel about the town Valverde de Lucerna and its secretly atheist priest. He expressed his cynicism in The Tragic Sense of Life, while a better-known novel centers on a man who writes his Confession and feels a strong relation to the biblical Cain. For 10 points, name this author of Niebla and Abel Sanchez, the founder of Spain's Generacion del 98.
Answer: Miguel de Unamuno
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This lemma is satisfied for nonsmooth extremals if they satisfy the DuBois-Reymond condition. Michael Peskin and Daniel Schroeder wrote of the generalized way that this theorem's quantum analogue can lead to an equation of motion for correlation functions. That quantum analogue is known as the Ward-Takahashi identity. (*) One of its transformations involving charge and electric current density was first noted by Herman Weyl and is one of the fundamental gauge symmetries in physics. This theorem states that applying a Poisson Bracket to the Hamiltonian and a constant of the motion is zero. For 10 points, identify this theorem, which can be used to derive the conservation of the center of momentum, and states that each symmetry of a system leads to a quantity which is conserved.
Answer: Noether's Symmetry Theorem [or Noether's First Theorem before "Symmetry"]
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One person involved in this event was later implicated by a man he called "Dirty Fingered Jake," and Will Bagley argues that a letter saying a group will "do as they please" was meant to authorize this event. This event was partly instigated by an approaching army under Stewart Van Vliet, and its aftermath was described by James Henry Carleton. Philip Klingensmith testified about this event, some participants of which were recruited by being told they had to bury the victims of an Indian attack. Eighteen children were integrated into local families after surviving this event, which was organized by (*) John D. Lee and Isaac Haight and which was carried out with the help of Paiute Indians. The Fancher-Baker party, a group of Arkansas emigrants, were the victims of this event, which preceded the breakout of the Utah War. For 10 points, name this massacre perpetrated by a Mormon militia.
Answer: Mountain Meadows massacre
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One man with this name was a soldier under Turnus who was killed along with Cethegus and Tanais in an attack by Aeneas. The murder of another man by this name is the prelude to the plot of Sophocles's lost play The Camicians, while another killed a group of Sardinians while their mouths were hanging open, resulting in the expression "sardonic laughter." This is also the name given by Apollodorus to the inventor of the saw and the potter's wheel who was transformed into a partridge after being thrown off a cliff. That character was the nephew of Daedalus, who was banished for trying to kill him. Another figure with this name was a gift given by Zeus to Europa and is said to have died in various ways, including being killed by an arrow shot by the argonaut Poeas and being injured in the shoulder by Medea, after which his ichor flowed out "like molten lead." For 10 points, give this mythological name most famously held by a giant bronze automaton.
Answer: Talos [prompt on Brendan Byrne 1.0]
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At one point in this work, a church leader named Jerrod Brown refuses to give help to a group of travelers aside from giving them "spiritual" assistance, while a lawyer in this work gets elected to parliament before being assassinated. An old woman in this work greets a new arrival to the main city by leaving "a mountain of shit" near that man's place of employment. That man and one of his colleagues had both been thrown out of a school in Siriana years before the events of this novel occurred. One character's grandmother perfects the Theng'eta drink, while another character builds the Sunshine Lodge, which becomes the location of the deaths of Hawkins Kimeria, Mzigo, and Chui. Set in the town of Ilmorog, this is, for 10 points, what work in which Inspector Godfrey interrogates Abdulla and Karega after Wanja's brothel is burned down by Munira, a work by Ngugi wa Thiong'o?
Answer: Petals of Blood
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The products of the initial stages of this process are connected by cytoplasmic bridges, and excess cytoplasmic material is discarded as "residual bodies" in this process. One part of this process sees the reorganization of the Golgi bodies into a structure which contains lysosomal proteins such as hyaluronidase. This process only commences with the formation of a barrier between the adluminal space and basal compartment of certain (*) tubules, and that barrier is formed by the tight junctions of certain cells which secrete inhibin. This process sees the secretion of androgen binding proteins by Sertoli cells, and most of it takes place in organs which can be elevated or lowered by the cremaster muscle. For 10 points, identify this process which occurs in the temperature-controlled environment of the scrotum, and produces gametes in males.
Answer: spermatogenesis [do not accept: spermiogenesis]
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This psychologist developed the Own Categories Technique, which he wrote about in a paper which discussed its use in Reference Scale and Placement of Items. He also published The Psychology of Ego- involvements and edited the publication Social Psychology at the Crossroads. The lack of a frame of reference produces the effect that this man studied in his dissertation, in which a dot of light appears to move although it does not in reality; that effect is the autokinetic effect. One theory associated with this man emphasized the role of superordinate goals in the process of conflict reduction. That theory arose from an experiment that this man ran in conjunction with his wife that took two groups of young children and divided them into separate camps at the namesake state park. For ten points, identify this social psychologist most notable for his Realistic Conflict Theory and the Robber's Cave Experiment, a Turkish-American man who wrote Groups in Harmony and Tension.
Answer: Muzafer Sherif
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One of these actions was foiled by Gevork Vartanian, while another unsuccessfully attempted to foment rebellion among disgruntled Iranian mountain tribes. Another of these actions violated the Hague Convention regarding improper use of uniforms, prompting a later trial. One of these actions was partially inspired by an incident in Caesar and Cleopatra featuring a rolled-up carpet and was code-named "Mickey Mouse." While a failed one saw an attempted capture of Marshal Tito, more successful ones included a disinformation scheme during the Battle of the Bulge, and an operation that saw the kidnapping of the son of (*) Miklos Horthy. The most notable one is known as the Gran Sasso raid and allowed its target to create the Italian Social Republic. For 10 points, name these actions that include the mission to free the imprisoned Benito Mussolini, which were all carried out by a certain scar-faced Nazi commando.
Answer: Operations of Otto Skorzeny [accept obvious equivalents, prompt on Nazi Commando Missions or other equivalents]
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The third section of this work includes a notably esclating piano solo which inverts the first and third chords. McCoy Tyner recorded the piano for this work, with Elvin Jones on drums, including the drum roll that begins the third movement. Jimmy Garrison played the bass on this recording, including a four note motif that binds the first movement, and this recording begins with a loud banging gong, followed by several cymbal rolls in a wash effect. The last part of this recording is a saxophone solo intended to represent the words "Elation. Elegance. Exaltation. All from God. Thank you God. Amen." Divided into four sections including Acknowledgement, Resolution, Persuance, and Psalm, for ten points, identify this hard bop album whose first section includes the mantra that gives it its name, a spiritual recording by John Coltrane.
Answer: A Love Supreme
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This work concludes with an exhortation to read the "wise and honourable" Solomon and repeats Seneca's advice to examine David's Psalms. At one point, the narrator concludes that there is no difference between an "outlawed man or errant thief," before concluding that since he is not a man of texts, he should continue with his story. The prologue to this work references a little town named Bob-up-and-down and features the narrator being warned not to openly chide another character for drunkenness. During the climax to this work, the protagonist breaks his harp, lute, arrows, and bow before angrily calling another character a "false thief" and unleashing a curse that turns this character black. Concluding with a moral that says "guard well your tongue, and think upon the crow," for 10 points, identify this story of Phoebus, who kills his unfaithful wife after receiving information from his white crow, one of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales narrated by a shrewd purchasing agent.
Answer: Manciple's Tale [accept anything that indicates the manciple is narrating; prompt on Canterbury Tales]
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The Ehler Correspondences reveal this conundrum as central to the new science calculi situs proposed as a solution to the limitations of algebraic magnitudes by Leibniz, though the first to attempt a solution trivialized its importance after announcing its resolution in the Marinoni Letter. Its earliest solution implies an early version of the Handshaking Lemma of double counting, (*) and Fleury's Algorithm and the Hierholzer Algorithm are based upon principles introduced by this problem. W.W. Rouse Ball first extended its premise to diagram-tracing puzzles. Variations of this problem attempt to add further arcs to identified nodes marked by the Blue Prince, the Red Prince, the Gasthaus, and the Kirche, though uneven degrees of the original nodes prevent its positive solution. For 10 points each, name this problem, a forerunner of graph theory involving a walking tour of a city on the Pregel River, which was proven impossible by Leonhard Euler.
Answer: Seven Bridges of Konigsberg Problem [accept clear knowledge equivalents]
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This man claimed that the detective novel "transforms an ungraspable life into a translatable analogue of actual reality" in an essay entitled "The Hotel Lobby." In another of his essays, he claimed that the biography is the only seemingly necessary prose form of the established bourgeoisie. This man divided his home country's cinematic history into four periods in a 1947 work entitled From Caligari to Hitler: A Psychological History of the German Film, while another work saw him specifically exclude color films and cartoons from his analysis. Besides Theory of Film, which saw him conclude that film was meant to record physical reality, he may best known for an essay that which saw him describe "sexless bodies in bathing suits," who served as products of "American distraction factories." For 10 points, identify this German thinker who influenced the Frankfurt School with his analysis of the "Tiller Girls," which he linked to standardized mass culture in the essay "The Mass Ornament."
Answer: Siegfried Kracauer
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Nek Buwa'tu's flagship is named after this character, and in one appearance, he notes that he has no ability to tell the age of humans from their appearance. Two of this character's contributions, the treatise Fleet Tactics and Combat Methodology and a design of a fighter superior to the Incom T-65, remained relevant for a long time after his death near the end of the Yuuzhan Vong invasion. He's played by Timothy Rose in his film appearance, and this character approves Wedge Antilles' request to reform Rogue Squadron. One of his nieces heals Luke Skywalker after an encounter with Exar Kun, while another serves as the Communications specialist for Wraith Squadron; those are the healer Cilghal and the pilot Jesmin. In his best known appearance, this commander leads from the cruiser Home One. For 10 points, name this member of the Mon Calamari species, known for uttering lines like "It's a trap!", the long-time leader of New Republic and Rebel Alliance forces in the Star Wars universe.
Answer: Admiral Ackbar
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Though they are not Feynman diagrams, they use a squiggly line when the conformation of the hemi-acetal atom is unclear. Along with Paul Karrer, their namesake was the co-winner of the 1937 Nobel in Chemistry, for his development in the industrial synthesis of ascorbic acid. Conventionally, the hydroxyl substituent of the (*) anomeric carbon is assigned "D' in these, which allow for visualization of certain substances as furanoses and pyranoses, and except for substituents of C(4) and C(5), the groups which appear on the left in Fischer projections are shown pointing upwards in these representations. For 10 points, identify these representations which can be used to depict sugars in a three-dimensional manner viewed edge-on, a type of projection named for British chemist Walter.
Answer: Haworth Projections
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During one period this polity was led by two sukkals and a sukkalmah, and a battle at the Ulai river saw the defeat of its ruler Teumman. This polity captured Ibbi-Sin when it sacked Ur, ending Ur's Third Dynasty. Barakhshe was wrested from the control of the polity by Rimush, and along with Chaldea, it was defeated at Halule by (*) Sennacherib. This polity's golden age was seen under Kurtik-Inshushinak. Luh-ishan of its Awan dynasty was defeated by Sargon the Great, and its capital was also sacked by Ashurbanipal. Called Haltamti by its residents, this polity had a language isolate. Originally having its capital at Anshan, it later moved to a city captured by Cyrus the Great. For 10 points, name this kingdom east of Mesopotamia centered at Susa.
Answer: Elam [or Elamite Empire or Kingdom; accept Susiana; accept Haltamti before it is read]
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Bid Me to Live and The Painted Asphodel are two of the four novels in one of this writer's projected cycles. Another work by this writer claims that the title places populated with "spirits, not ghosts, oh my love." This poet asked "what meadow yields so fragrant a leaf as your bright leaf?" in a poem addressed to a "Sea Poppy," which appears in a larger collection called Sea Garden. That work is "Oread," while another work by this poet begins "All Greece hates the still eyes in the white face" and wishes that she were "white ash amid funeral cypresses." That work's subject was later treated in a longer work divided into sections labeled "Eidolon." For ten points, identify this friend of Ezra Pound, a Modernist best known for writing the book length poem Helen in Egypt.
Answer: Hilda Doolittle
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This man wrote a piece for two pianos based on his impressions of New York City called "Hymn to a Great City," and this man also revised a work originally for organ to a piece for 14 strings and percussion titled "Mein Weg." This composer dedicated his Symphony no. 4, or "Los Angeles" symphony, to Mikhail Khodorkovsky, and his Da Pacem Domine was written for the victims of the Madrid train bombings. This composer adapted the writings of a saint into a piece for strings called Silouans Song, and he also wrote the religious Berliner Messe. A meeting between this man and Luigi Nono led this composer to dedicate his Perpetuum mobile to Nono. This man's pieces Spiegel im Spiegel and Fur Alina display an idea present in his Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten, this man's style of `tintinnabuli'. For 10 points, name this man who composed multiple versions of his own Fratres, a modern composer from Estonia.
Answer: Arvo Part
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This ruler had to appear in court due to a predecessor's unpaid wine bill, and his name appeared on the first Ragman Roll. Forces loyal to this man burned a nunnery in Lambley and possibly schoolchildren in Hexham under the command of the Earl of Buchan. This ruler was forced to raise troops in a move that broke the Treaty of Birgham, and he failed to prevent the sack of Berwick. This man signed a treaty with Philip the Fair to form the first (*) Auld Alliance, but his rule came to an end shortly afterward at the Battle of Dunbar. This man's reign came following a period dominated by the Guardians after the death of the Maid of Norway, and this Competitor overcame opposition such as Robert Bruce to resolve the Great Cause. For 10 points, name this man who tried to rebel against Edward I, a short-reigning king of Scotland nicknamed "empty tunic."
Answer: John Balliol [or John de Balliol]
2009 Chicago Open Bonuses by Cheyne of Fools
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Answer some questions about American painters from the past 50 years, for 10 points each.,
[10] This New Yorker painted some extraordinarily abstract pieces, working almost entirely in black for the last decade or so of his life. His works include The Black Paintings and various Untitled paintings, and his writings about art were collected as Art as Art.
Answer: Adolph Frederick "Ad" Reinhardt
[10] This contemporary artist is well-known for his sculptures and readymades, but he's also done significant work in painting, including the borderline pornographic Made in Heaven series that starred his porn star wife. Recent paintings include Triple Elvis and Triple Hulk Elvis I, which feature three images of a nearly naked women and the Hulk, respectively.
Answer: Jeff Koons
[10] This artist's paintings border on being prints and collages, and the MOMA prominently displays his Flag and Map; the former is one of his many images of the American flag painted in encaustic on plywood, and the latter is a goofily colored and labeled map of the U.S.
Answer: Jasper Johns
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Organic reactions often need a little push to make them run in a time efficient manner. For 10 points each:,
[10] Developed as an alternative catalyst for the hydrogenation of vegetable oils in industrial processes, it is useful in reducing benzene to cyclohexane and in the final desulfurization step of the Gassman indole-synthesis. It is made of an alloy of Aluminum and its namesake metal.
Answer: Raney nickel [accept: Raney's catalyst]
[10] This other catalyst, also employed in the hydrogenation of alkenes, consists of a central rhodium atom bound to three triphenyl phosphine groups and a chlorine atom.
Answer: Wilkinson's catalyst
[10] This process involves alkene oxidation via a palladium (II) chloride catalyst. Jiro Tsuji's name is sometimes appended to this process, wherein ethylene is oxidized to acetaldehyde.
Answer: Wacker process [or Hoechst-Wacker process]
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Pampheus, Cleanthes, Philo, and Demea make up the conversationalists in this work. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this work, in which Philo advances the idea that human reasoning powers are wholly insufficient to comprehend the idea of the divine, although Demea defends the Cosmological argument and Cleanthes argues for the Teleological argument.
Answer: Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion
[10] This Hume work, taken from An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, claims that one should believe in the title phenomena only if a situation in which they did happen is more believable than one in which they did not.
Answer: Of Miracles
[10] This Neo-Humean wrote about the role that passions play in enslaving reason in his work Ruling Passion, and also defended quasi-realism in Spreading the Word and Being Good.
Answer: Simon Blackburn
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Answer the following about a certain Transylvanian, for 10 points each.,
[10] This man's forces did not arrive in time for the Battle of Mohacs, and after settling a succession dispute with the Treaty of Nagyvarad, he ruled Hungary as a vassal of Suleiman the Magnificent.
Answer: John Zapolya [accept either; or Janos Szapolyai]
[10] Zapolya's opponent for the Hungarian crown was this brother of Charles V, who gained the western third of Hungary in the Treaty of Nagyvarad and succeeded Charles as Holy Roman Emperor
Answer: Ferdinand I
[10] A little over a decade before the Treaty of Nagyvarad, Ferdinand's troops defeated those of Zapolya at this battle fought in a region famous for its wine. It prompted Zapolya to beg Suleiman for help in keeping his crown like some sort of sissy.
Answer: Battle of Tokay [or Tokaj; accept Tarcal]
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One author from this country wrote a memoir of her time as a guerilla called The Country Under My Skin. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this country, home to authors like Giaconda Belli and Ernesto Cardenal.
Answer: Nicaragua
[10] This 1987 work chronicles Salmon Rushdie's brief three-week trip to Nicaragua in the summer of '86 and states that the United States "ought to have had more sympathy with the revolutionary nationalist age."
Answer: The Jaguar Smile
[10] This father of Mondernismo is Nicaragua's best-known literary figure. His poetry collections include Prosas Profanas and Azul.
Answer: Ruben Dario or Felix Ruben Garcia Sarmiento
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Answer the following about some issues with interpreting quantum mechanics, for 10 points each.,
[10] Bell's theorem disproved the explanation of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle using local hidden variable theories in the context of this paradox. It adds conditions called locality such as "completeness" that seem to make quantum mechanics inconsistent.
Answer: EPR paradox [or Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox]
[10] The Ghirardi-Rimini-Weber Theory attempts to avoid this problem of quantum mechanics by proposing that wave function collapse happens spontaneously. Bohm tries to solve this problem by including information about the position of the particle.
Answer: Measurement problem
[10] First proposed by Hugh Everett III in 1957, this interpretation claims to resolve the EPR paradox. It differs from the Copenhagen in that there is no observation-triggered wavefunction collapse and can be dramatically tested by committing quantum suicide.
Answer: Many-Worlds Interpretation [or Relative-State Interpretation; Theory of the Universal Wavefunction; Parallel Universes; Many-Universes]
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As ACF Nationals 2009 taught us, the Zanj Revolt was way more important than those dumb Doukhobors. For 10 points each:,
[10] The Zanj revolt began near this present-day city in Iraq, which the Zanj slaves sacked in 871. It is currently the second-largest city in the country and was the site of vicious fighting in the Second Iraqi War.
Answer: Basra
[10] During the Zanj uprising, this man, the regent in charge of Egypt, took advantage of the chaos and declared Egyptian independence. He formed a namesake dynasty that ruled Egypt from 868 to 905 from the capital at al-Qatta'i before the Abbasids reclaimed it.
Answer: Ahmad ibn Tulun [accept Tulunid]
[10] This great Persian historian recorded the story of the Zanj uprising in his mammoth 40-volume work History of the Prophets and Kings, which was probably written around 915. He also wrote a famous commentary on the Koran.
Answer: Abu Ja'far Muhammad Ibn Jarir al-Tabari
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This man wrote the seminal textbook Language, but he also wrote more theoretical works like "Why a linguistic society?" For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this American structural linguist who came up with the concept of the morphological zero during his extensive work on Sanskrit.
Answer: Leonard Bloomfield
[10] Leonard Bloomfield studied with the Neogrammarians, who empathized this sort of linguistic drift as their foundational principle of historical linguistic study.
Answer: sound change
[10] Bloomfield founded the Linguistic Society of America with George Bolling and this important early Structuralist, most notable for his work on Hittite including A Hittite Chrestomathy.
Answer: Edgar Sturtevant
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Not to be confused with the baseball player known as the "Mayor," answer the following about playwright Sean O'Casey, for 10 points each.,
[10] Set in Dublin during the 1916 Easter rising, this O'Casey play follows the lives of working-class Dubliners as they react to the uprising. Taking its name from the flag of the Irish Citizen Army, this play sparked riots from those opposed to O'Casey's criticism of the rebellion.
Answer: The Plough and the Stars
[10] This 1940 work was attacked in Ireland as an example of "Communist propaganda." Dealing with the confrontations between trade unions and Fascists, this play ends with the titular Christmas icon changing colors to reflect liberating socialist ideology.
Answer: The Star Turns Red
[10] O'Casey's best known work, Juno and the Paycock, was turned into a 1959 musical, with music and lyrics written by this American composer, who also musicalized The Little Foxes. He is best known for the pro-union allegory The Cradle Will Rock and for his unfinished opera about Sacco and Vanzetti.
Answer: Marc Blitzstein
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Answer some questions about a repeated phrase in hip-hop for 10 points each.,
[10] "Woo Hah! I Got You All In Check!" is the title of a song by this rapper which features a ridiculous video and lines like "Bo! Comin' through like GI Joe / Star Wars movie deal like Han Solo." Another famous song by this guy is "Gimme Some More," and his albums include The Coming and When Disaster Strikes.
Answer: Busta Rhymes [accept Trevor Smith; prompt on Smith as other rappers, e.g. Method Man, are Smiths]
[10] "Woo Hah! Got You All In Check!" is a reference to a line by Big Bank Hank in "8th Wonder" by this older New Jersey group; other songs of theirs include "Apache," and "The Word is Out."
Answer: The Sugarhill Gang
[10] This group sampled "8th Wonder" for their song "Shake Your Rump," which comes from the album Paul's Boutique; you might also know them for albums like Hello Nasty and Ill Communication.
Answer: The Beastie Boys
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Get out your seer stone and answer these questions about Joseph Smith and the Book of Mormon, for 10 points each.,
[10] The first two books in The Book of Mormon are named after this chap, a prophet who helped lead a group of Israelites to the Americas. His righteous descendants were ultimately destroyed by the wicked Lamanites.
Answer: Nephi
[10] Historians have noted the similarity between the Book of Mormon and this earlier work by Ethan Smith, which also argued that the American Indians were descendants of the Lost Tribes of Israel. They have suggested Joseph Smith may thus have engaged in a bit of religious plagiarism.
Answer: View of the Hebrews
[10] The plagiarism thesis was famously put forward by Fawn Brodie in this 1945 biography of Joseph Smith, which also suggested Smith was a deliberate imposter who eventually came to belief he was a true prophet.
Answer: No Man Knows My History: The Life of Joseph Smith
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It was preceded by a raid on the Shenton Mill and the killing of servant Hugh Nesbit. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this massacre led by James Stirling in which an unknown number of the Bindjareb Bilyidar Nyungars were killed.
Answer: Battle of Pinjarra [or Pinjarra Massacre]
[10] The Battle of Pinjarra occurred in this state, of which James Stirling was the first governor, and which would later see its Eastern Goldfields like Kalgoorlie and Coolgardie become the sites of goldrushes.
Answer: Western Australia
[10] James Stirling was in England trying to expand this colony shortly before the Battle of Pinjarra. It expanded into Western Australia, and was originally located around a namesake feature in Perth.
Answer: Swan River Colony
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In tribute to Questions Galore, hemorrhoids and steroids are not the only important words that end in -oid. Answer the following about asteroids, for 10 points each.,
[10] Occupying the Lagrangian points of Jupiter, they were originally studied as a restricted case of the three-body problem. The Nice model proposes that they were captured during planetary migration.
Answer: Jupiter Trojan Asteroids
[10] Jovian resonances may create localized concentrations of asteroids such as the Trojan and Thule Groups, or may create these asteroid-free zones, which occur at the 2:1, 3:1, 4:1, 5:2, 7:2 and 7:3 resonance orbits.
Answer: Kirkwood Gaps
[10] Members of this group of asteroids have fairly low eccentricities and high inclination orbits, allowing them to remain inward of the 4:1 resonance of the Kirkwood Gap although some do cross the orbit of Mars.
Answer: Hungaria family of asteroids
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Answer the following about women writers during the Harlem Renaissance for 10 points each.,
[10] This woman's short story "Spunk" appeared in Alain Locke's The New Negro, although she is more famous for a novel featuring the characters Pheoby Watson and Vergible "Tea Cake" Woods.
Answer: Zora Neale Hurston
[10] Langston Hughes' poem "Cross" is used as an epigraph for this Nella Larsen work, in which Helga Crane searches unsuccessfully for happiness in the U.S. and Denmark before settling down with Reverend Mr. Pleasant Green.
Answer: Quicksand
[10] This other Harlem Renaissance poet wrote about an object that "enters some alien cage" and "breaks, breaks, breaks on the sheltering bars" in her poem "The Heart of a Woman".
Answer: Georgia Douglas Johnson
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer some questions about Symbolism, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Greek-born Frenchman produced the collections of poetry Les Syrtes and Les Cantilenes before turning away from Symbolism. That last might be ironic, given that he's best known for writing the movement's manifesto.
Answer: Jean Moreas [or Ioannis Papadiamantopoulos]
[10] One of the most famous Symbolist painters was this Austrian whose "Gold Period" included paintings like "The Kiss" featuring his mistress, Adele Bloch-Bauer.
Answer: Gustav Klimt
[10] This other important symbolist dude learned to paint from Jean-Leon Gerome and put those skills to work in paintings like Hommage to Goya and The Cyclops.
Answer: Odilon Redon (or Bertrand-Jean Redon)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Some proteins are synthesized as inactive precursors which are sometimes called proenzymes. For 10 points each:,
[10] Such inactive precursors go by what other name before acquiring full activity via spcific proteolytic cleavage of one or several peptide bonds in an irreversible process.
Answer: zymogen
[10] The zymogen form of this enzyme is cleaved by enteropeptidase, and it contains an oxyanion hole which helps stabilize the negatively charged oxygen atoms formed when this enzyme cleaves peptide bonds after lysine and arginine.
Answer: trypsin
[10] Since asking for serine proteases would have made this bonus impossible, name this specific serine protease which converts fibrinogen into fibrin, thus helping in clotting.
Answer: pro-thrombin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name the following compositions by Heitor Villa-Lobos, for 10 points each.,
[10] This work for solo guitar was inspired by Villa-Lobos' childhood membership in choro bands, and its first movement is dedicated to Maria Teresa Teran.
Answer: Suite Populaire Bresilienne
[10] This Villa-Lobos suite shares a name with a lost sonata of his, and it was composed for cello and piano. Its first movement is marked "Romance" and the second movement "Legend."
Answer: Pequena Suite or Little Suite
[10] This massive Villa-Lobos work includes movements titled "Song of Our Land," "Song of the Bush," and "The Peasant's Little Train," and it's his most notable work.
Answer: Bachianas Brasileiras
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The winning candidate in this election made such bloopers as saying that Pearl Harbor occurred on September 7 and that he stood for "anti-Semitism." Answer the following about the election of 1988, for 10 points each.,
[10] Possibly the most exciting moment in the campaign occurred in the vice-presidential debates when this Dukakis running mate and Texas Senator sneered that Dan Quayle was "no Jack Kennedy."
Answer: Lloyd Bentsen
[10] George H.W. Bush's anti-Dukakis ads prominently featured this black convict from Massachusetts who raped a woman while on a weekend prison furlough.
Answer: Willie Horton
[10] The Bush campaign's negativity was keyed by this campaign manager, who later apologized for the seemingly vicious and racist advertisements before dying of a brain tumor in 1991.
Answer: Lee Atwater
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In it, Rehnhjelm and Falander vie for the affections of the sixteen-year-old Agnes, also known as Beda Patterson, and it contains the Triton Insurance Company scandal. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel whose protagonist spends a lot of time talking about nothing in the titular establishment.
Answer: The Red Room or Roda rummet
[10] The Red Room centers on this poet-turned-journalist who becomes a schoolmaster at the end of the novel.
Answer: Arvid Falk
[10] This author of The Growth of the Soul and The Father wrote The Red Room.
Answer: August Strindberg
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer some questions about Norse birds, for 10 points each.,
[10] This golden rooster, inhabitant of Valhalla, who crows along with a jotun harpist and two other roosters to herald Ragnarok, and his specific duty is to warn the Aesir.
Answer: Gullinkambi
[10] This other (crimson) rooster, who crows in the forest Galgvidr, along with Gullinkambi. He shares his name
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
with one of the creators of the mead of poetry.,
[10] The third rooster unfortunately lacks a name, so why don't you think up the name of the cave which Garm, worst of monsters, escapes from, instead.

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