Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_3viq6d6i3kp9dqpg5smigbgmq6, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1
View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Chicago Open Tossups by Carter
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The narrator of this work has to take leave of a business partner to do some writing after making $27 in one day, and watches the funeral of Mrs. Begg. The story of the wreck of the Minerva and the discovery of a ghost village comes from a Scotsman named Gaffett, while Abby Martin fancies herself Queen Victoria's twin. The narrator hears about Sarah from her widower, Elijah Tilley, and other key characters include Captain Littlepage, who relates the above story. We also hear of the Bowden family reunion and Mrs. Fosdick mentions a woman who lived most of her life in a tiny island off the coast, "poor Joanna," while the narrator goes to Green Island and meets William Blackett, who is the brother of the woman with whom she is lodging, Almira Todd. FTP, name this work set in Dunnett Landing, Maine, a novel by Sarah Orne Jewett.
Answer: The Country of the Pointed Firs
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In Burmese, -t and -m indicate the realis and irrealis type of this category. Estonian uses the noun suffix -t to indicate a change to one of these. Japanese uses the inchoative one, while others include the delimitative and the attenuative. In Hebrew, the pi'el group originally signified the iterative one, but is often known today as the intensive one, while the simplest is known as the aorist. In Latin, an infixed t indicates the frequentative one, and every verb has two stems and paradigms dependent on two contrasting types of this. In English, they are marked by auxiliary verbs like "have" and "is," denoting the perfect and progressive ones, respectively. FTP, name this grammatical category often confused with tense, which indicates the duration, completion, or other temporal quality of a verb.
Answer: aspect
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Under his cousin Henry Champernown, he likely fought at the Battle of Jarnac and may have been present at the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre. As a captain of a company, he helped in putting down the Desmond Rebellions and took part in the massacre at Smerwick during that same time. The capture of the "Madre de Dios" helped get him out of prison, which had come about due to his marriage to Elizabeth Throgmorton. He was imprisoned again due to his supposed role in the Main Plot, but was released 13 years later in order to search for gold. His death came about due to the pressure of the Count of Gondomar, after an attack on San Thome by Lawrence Keymis proved to be a breach of contract with James I. FTP, name this man who lost his son and his life after a failed expedition to Guiana in search of El Dorado, and was a longtime favorite of Elizabeth I.
Answer: Sir Walter Raleigh
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In the third step of the urea cycle, this molecule reacts with citrulline and ATP to produce AMP, pyrophosphate, and arginosuccinate. It is the source of one nitrogen in the bio-synthesis of inositol, and levels of its namesake amino-transferase are indicative of liver function. That enzyme is responsible for the production of this molecule from oxalo-acetate, and also plays a role in moving electrons across the inner mitochondrial membrane in the shuttle named for malate and this molecule. Like a nearly identical, slightly larger compound, it can stimulate NMDA receptors, and it is the least alkaline amino acid. FTP, name this non-essential amino acid with a CH2-COOH side-chain that, with phenylalanine, comprises the artificial sweetener found in Nutrasweet and is abbreviated Asp.
Answer: aspartic acid [accept aspartate; do NOT accept "aspartame"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In Act 2 of this opera, we hear a barcarole for two voices "Io son ricco, e tu sei bella," which is sung before a wedding, and is supposedly the newest thing from Venice. A later-televised version of this work by the Cincinnati Opera in 1968 was set in the Wild West. The aria "Quanto e bella, quanto e cara" is sung as this work begins with a main character reading the story of Tristan and Isolde to some resting villagers. The need to make twenty scudi quickly prompts another character to take the advice of Belcore and enlist in the army. That man, Nemorino, sees to use the enlistment money to pay Doctor Dulcamara in order to win his love Adina, and he sings the famous aria "Una Furtiva Lagrima." FTP, name this opera by Donizetti, in which the title item is really some cheap Bordeaux wine.
Answer: L'Elisir d'Amore or The Elixir of Love
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In the first act of this play, one character repeats a theme by declaring "the dart that wounded has the power to kill" and remarks on a lesson of feebleness learned by women. A sacrifice in the temple is interrupted by two characters, as the protagonist learns by a friend, Stratonice. That protagonist has a dream that her former love holds a dagger to her husband's throat, which occurs while her husband is away on a mission with Nearque, who is later sentenced to death by the title character's father-in-law, following the orders of Emperor Decie. That father-in-law, Felix, sees the marriage he arranged fail as his daughter's true love becomes a successful political figure, while the man he chose converts to Christianity. The death of that character leads to the conversion of Felix and the title character's wife, Pauline, who really loves the Roman soldier Severe. FTP, name this play by Pierre Corneille about a title Armenian nobleman.
Answer: Polyeucte
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This artist was once in a band whose first album Life's Too Good contained hits like "Birthday" and "Motorcrash," and was followed by Stick Around for Joy, which contains "Leash Called Love." She put out her jazz CD Gling-Glo during her time with that band, The Sugarcubes, with the man who would later be the father of her son. After that, she worked with Nellee Hooper on her debut solo album. The creator of the soundtrack to the movie Drawing Restraint 9, her album Vespertine includes a hit single with a controversial music video, "Pagan Poetry." Her most recent album, Volta, contains the single "Declare Independence," while other albums include Post and Homogenic, and her biggest hit was "Human Behavior". FTP, name this musician who wore a swan dress to the Oscars and is from Iceland.
Answer: Bjork Guđmundsdottir
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Birch-Murnaghan equation of state takes volume and this parameter at zero pressure as its arguments, and Cauchy's Number in compressible flows is inversely proportional to this quantity. It is equal to the P-wave modulus minus eight thirds the elasticity modulus, and, in a liquid, the speed of sound is equal to the square root of the ratio of this to the equilibrium density. For a gas at constant enthalpy, this quantity is given by the adiabatic index times the pressure. For ten points, identify this material quantity, which can be defined as minus the product of volume and the partial derivative of pressure with respect to volume.
Answer: bulk modulus [Accept moment of incompressibility]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A plan to poison this man offered by Adgandestrius was rejected on the grounds that enemies should be killed on the battlefield. He was deserted by his uncle Inguiomerus, reportedly because that uncle simply refused to obey anyone so young. That prevented him from emerging victorious at the "Valley of the Maidens," or the Plain of Idistaviso, where he fought against Maroboduus helped by the Semnones and Langobardi. His father-in-law, Segestes, sought help resulting in the capture of his wife, Thusnelda, and Segestes' brother was this man's father, Sigimer. His most famous exploit was set up by telling a commander that a distant tribe was in revolt, whereupon this chief of the Cherusci ambushed him east of the Rhine. Referred to as "the liberator of Germany" by Tacitus, FTP, name this man who defeated three legions of Publius Quinctilius Varus in 9 AD at the Battle of Teutoburg Forest.
Answer: Arminius or Hermann
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This figure's early feats include slaying the giant Malduit and protecting the lands of the Lady of the Rock from Sir Edward and Sir Hugh. He also settled a dispute of the daughters of the Lord of the Black Thorn and defeated Harpin, after he'd been cured of madness by three servants of the Lady of Norison. After hearing of an enchanted fountain in the forests of Broceliande, he is moved to avenge his cousin who was attacked after witnessing a peasant amongst some wild bulls. On that quest to avenge Calogrenant, with the help of a ring of invisibility he is able to overcome his encounter with Esclados, and after that, he is aided by Lunette in his desire to wed the lady Laudine. He fails to return to her with a year, spending all his time with Gawain, though he later befriends a creature being attacked by a dragon. FTP, name this Arthurian hero written about by Chretien de Troyes as the "Knight of the Lion."
Answer: Yvain (or Owain, Yvain, Ewain, Uwain)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One work by this author features a fifteen-year-old prostitute Sung Chin-hua, who sleeps with a man pretending to be the title character in order to cure her syphilis, while, in another, Nobu-ko allows her sister to marry their cousin, Shunkichi, whom they both love. In addition to "The Christ of Nanking" and "Autumn," a novel by him has Mag as one of the title characters whose land is visited by Patient No. In addition to works like "Cogwheels," "The Three Treasures," and the above-mentioned novel Kappa, a Buddhist priest in the town of Ikenoo is glad to have a certain object returned to its original outstanding size in one of his stories inspired by Nikolay Gogol, "The Nose." In another work, the bandit Tajomaru kills Takehiko, and a woodcutter and policeman give conflicting testimony about it. FTP, name this Japanese author of "In a Grove" and a story which titles an Akira Kurosawa movie, "Rashomon."
Answer: Akutagawa Ryunosuke (accept Chokodo Shujin or Gaki)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A biography of this artist written by his son-in-law Matthew Spender is entitled "From a High Place." His first known painting is the impressionistic Park Street Church, while somber black shapes dominate his group entitled Nighttime, Enigma, and Nostalgia. Shortly after that, he completed a ten-part mural Aviation: Evolution of Forms Under Aerodynamic Limitations for the Newark Airport. His mature work includes the mixed-media canvas The Plow and the Song, One Year the Milkweed, and the more lighthearted The Liver is the Cock's Comb. Also known for a picture of himself with his mother and a series on the Garden in Sochi, a location in his home country, he committed suicide in 19 FTP, name this abstract expressionist who moved to Boston from his genocide-torn birthplace of Armenia.
Answer: Arshile Gorky
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
During the fighting of this battle, Operation Vulture was prepared to help the eventual losers, but went unused when support was not received from Britain. Operation Castor had been used to take the namesake location 4 months earlier, and that operation was part of the Navarre Plan being used to regain lost territory. It began with a surprise attack that took the northeast headquarter Beatrice, after which the headquarters Gabrielle and Anne-Marie fell, marking the defeat of Christian de Castries. After fifty-five days of fighting, the Popular Army overran the entire defensive position, and the next day the Geneva Conference took place, ending the war. FTP, name this battle in which General Giap's troops defeated the French army, the decisive battle of the First Indochina War.
Answer: Battle of Dien Bien Phu
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Ratios of these parameters appear in the summation for the formula for the Kaplan-York dimension, and Pesin's Theorem uses the sum of these to estimate the Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy of a system. For the logistic equation, Hofstadter and Dewdney give their name to a point associated with this, which occurs for the logistic parameter at about 5699. The most common formula to calculate these is given by Oseledec's theorem. For ten points, identify this parameter named after a Russian mathematician, which, if greater than zero, indicates an unstable map.
Answer: Lyapunov Exponent
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This work ends with an epigram stating that the poet wanted the line "Jocund his muse was; but his life was chaste" at the end of this book. One of its pieces discusses a "Pomander Bracelet" while another puts forth a mere definition by saying "Beauty no other thing is, than a beam Flash'd out between the middle and extreme." It concludes with "The Pillar of Fame," and at the beginning the poet declares "I write of Hell, I sing and ever shall / Of Heaven, and hope to have it after all." The poet says "we weep to see / You haste away so soon" of the title flowers in "To Daffodils," and its poems to women include "The Changes. To Corinna" and poems "Upon Julia's" features and circumstances. Often paired with its author's Noble Numbers, the most famous poem says "That age is best which is the first" and "Gather ye rosebuds while ye may." FTP, name this collection including "To the Virgins, To Make Much of Time", written by Robert Herrick.
Answer: Hesperides: or, The Works Both Humane & Divine of Robert Herrick, Esq.
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The terminus of this river features Edgewater Beach and Villa Angela Beach, after it has been forced to its outlet by the Portage Escarpment, which feeds it toward the Euclid Creek watershed. Its proper tributaries include Tare Creek near its source and Tinkers Creek, which passes over Gates Mills Falls. Its main course passes over the Munroe Falls Dam and a dam at Lake Rockwell as well as one at the Gorge Metropark. It moves through towns like Brecksville, Valley View, Parma, and Newburg Heights as well as a city named for its namesake falls located in Summit County. It also flows through another city in the same county, which is dubbed the "rubber capital of the world." Also known for its tendency to catch on fire, FTP, name this river which flows through Cleveland, Ohio.
Answer: Cuyahoga River
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This aims of this group were supported by the Remonstrance of the Distressed and Bleeding Frontier Inhabitants of the Province, which aired grievances concerning unequal seating in the state assembly and public expenses being paid for this group's enemies. Their first fight was prompted by Matthew Smith's reconnaissance, and Asher Clayton and Lazarus Stewart led their two companies, which were started by Colonel Reverend John Elder. Their actions caused one man to write that "the blood of the innocent will cry to heaven for vengeance," in A Narrative of the Late Massacres - this group was dissuaded from attacking Philadelphia by that same man, Benjamin Franklin. FTP, name this group of Pennsylvania vigilantes from a namesake township, who massacred peaceful Conestoga Indians in 17
Answer: Paxton Boys (accept Conestoga Massacre until "this group")
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
At one point, the protagonist of this work wakes to discover that there is only one small spoonful of coffee left, which he takes to his wife in bed, who has recently had an asthma attack, and he lies by telling her that he's already had his coffee. It was published with the short stories "Artificial Roses" and "Balthazar's Marvelous Afternoon." As it opens, the protagonist spots the Mayor being yelled at by Father Angel for not letting a funeral procession past the barracks. That title character claims that he doesn't wear a hat so he doesn't have to remove it for anyone. His son, Augustin, dies in a cockfight, and Sabas underpays the title character out of a prizefighting rooster, but the transaction is reneged in time. FTP, name this novel in which a veteran of the Thousand Days War waits to receive his pension, written by Gabriel Garcia-Marquez.
Answer: No One Writes to the Colonel [or El Coronel no tiene quien la escriba]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The environmental impact of this reaction was ameliorated by Zhao, who introduced the use of excess per-iodic acid as a catalyst for it, and alternatives to this reaction include ones named for Heyns and Collins. The typical direct addition version yields a large quantity of ester side products, and the presence of acetone effectively prevents this reaction for certain functional groups like esters. Benzylic or allylic reactants form different products than other similar reactants in it because the resulting compounds cannot be hydrated. After the formation of the namesake reagent by dissolving chromium tri-oxide in sulfuric acid, that reagent forms a chromate ester with the reacting alcohol before removing a hydrogen from it. FTP name this reaction in which secondary alcohols are converted to ketones and primary alcohols are oxidized to either aldehydes or carboxylic acids, named for a British scientist.
Answer: Jones oxidation
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This thinker discusses how fortuitous events can be encouraged by personal initiative in his article "The Psychology of Chance Encounters and Life Paths." With his student Carol Kupers, he conducted a bowling game experiment to explore ideas of self-rewarding and self-motivation. A student of Kenneth Spence at Iowa, he came to collaborate with Richard Walters in his early work and explains his model of human functioning, "triadic reciprocal causation," in his book Social Foundations of Thought and Action. He's also written about phobias and the best way to alleviate them in Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control. Better known is his work with Dorrie and Shiela Ross on the notion of social modeling, explained in his first book Adolescent Aggression. FTP, name this Stanford-based founder of social cognitive theory, best known for his Bobo Doll Experiment.
Answer: Albert Bandura
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This composer's later works include the score "Cinema" for the film Entr'acte, which accompanied his ballet Relache, and a work which parodied Muzio Clementi's Sonatina in C, the "Sonatine Bureaucratique." One of his works warns the performer that "it would be advisable to prepare oneself beforehand" since the motif must be played "840 times in succession." The influence of the Rosicrucians can be seen in his Mass of the Poor, and he used typewriters, airplane propellers, and ticker tape in a ballet with costumes by Pablo Picasso, Parade. He used four sopranos and a chamber orchestra for a work based on Plato's dialogues, Socrate. Characteristic titles of his include Three Pieces in the Shape of a Pear and Desiccated Embryos, and his three Gnossiennes did not use bars or key signatures. FTP, name this composer best known for his set of three Gymnopedies.
Answer: Erik-Alfred-Leslie Satie
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This treaty gave the region of Morea to one of the victors, who would later lose it in the Treaty of Passarowitz. Other regions which changed hands from this treaty were Dalmatia and Podolia, the latter of which was returned to Poland. The battle that precipitated this treaty occurred near the Tisza River when a leak of information allowed the winning troops to encircle and slaughter the opposition, while an earlier battle in the war which this treaty ended led to the overthrow of Mehmed IV. The winning side that signed this treaty had been formed at the urging of Pope Innocent XI, and the work of Prince Eugene of Savoy led to this treaty after a Holy League victory at the Battle of Zenta. FTP, name this treaty signed by Sultan Mustafa II in 1699, which marked the beginning of Ottoman decline and the end of the Great Turkish War.
Answer: Treaty or Peace of Karlowitz or Karlovci or Karloca or Karlofca (accept Treaty of Passarowitz early)
 
2008 Chicago Open Bonuses by Carter
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following regarding atomic and molecular orbitals for ten points each.,
[10] This doubly eponymous iterative approximation method estimates the ground-state wavefunction of a quantum n-body system, such as a molecule, by converging to a self-consistent field.
Answer: Hartree-Fock method
[10] The Hartree-Fock method assumes that the energy eigenfunction can be described by one of these, an anti-symmetrized product of single-fermion wave functions.
Answer: Slater Determinants
[10] This theorem crudely uses the Hartree-Fock method to approximate the ionization energy of a molecule as the difference of energies in the Highest Occupied Molecular Orbital with and without the electron.
Answer: Koopman's Theorem
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
His oratorios include The Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus and The Israelites in the Wilderness. FTPE:,
[10] Name this man who also composed a Solfeggieto in C Minor, designated for "either hand."
Answer: Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach
[10] In 1753, CPE Bach published this influential essay, in which he rejected the ideas of Jean-Philippe Rameau regarding the nature of chords on the title group of instruments.
Answer: Essay on the True Art of Playing Keyboard Instruments or Versuch uber die wahre Art das Clavier zu spielen
[10] CPE Bach's handwriting appears on the manuscript of measure 239 of Contrapunctus XIV of this work by his father, saying that he had died before he could introduce his name into the countersubject.
Answer: The Art of the Fugue or Die Kunst der Fuge
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He gets financial aid from his uncle, Tom Bowling, before becoming apprenticed to a surgeon named Crab. FTPE:,
[10] Name this man who befriends the would-be barber Hugh Strap and meets his father in Buenos Aires, then goes back to London to try to marry Narcissa.
Answer: Roderick "Rory" Random (accept any of those names)
[10] This writer wrote The Adventures of Roderick Random, as well as something about Peregrine Pickle and The Expedition of Humphry Clinker.
Answer: Tobias George Smollett
[10] This nonfiction work by Smollett begins with letters from Boulogne-sur-Mer and continues through the two title countries from there. Laurence Sterne parodied it in a novel with his character Smelfungus.
Answer: Travels through France and Italy
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In this type of market structure, the degree of market concentration is very high, and firms are independent. FTPE:,
[10] Name this structure with a kinked demand curve, which has only a few producers, as exemplified by the beer and movie industries.
Answer: Oligopoly
[10] In this model, each firm produces homogenous products and chooses its output and price independently and simultaneously, and the cost structures are public knowledge. This firms act strategically to choose Nash Equilibrium output levels.
Answer: Cournot model or competition or whatever
[10] A variant of what happens under Bertrand competition is this eponymous type of auction. It is a simultaneous bidding game where the highest bid wins but pays only the price of the highest competing bid. It's also known as a second prince sealed-bid auction, or a uniform price auction when there are multiple objects.
Answer: Vickrey Auction
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these related African empires, FTPE.,
[10] Legend says that this confederacy was formed when Bayajidda freed the people of Daura and married its queen, giving birth to seven sons. Those sons became rulers of these seven states formed around 1050 CE - they included Katsina and Gobir and occupied the land between the western Songhai Empire and the eastern Bornu.
Answer: Hausa states or Hausaland or Hausa Confederacy
[10] Usman dan Fodio led an uprising in the Hausa state of Gobir in the early 19th century and founded this Muslim theocratic empire. Sometimes known as the Sokoto caliphate for the site of its capital, it was named for the people to whom Usman belonged, and it stretched from modern Burkina Faso to Cameroon.
Answer: Fulani Empire
[10] Around the same time, Osei Tutu ruled this empire of modern Ghana from its capital Kumasi and instituted its symbolic throne, the Golden Stool.
Answer: Ashanti Empire (Asante)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One numbered portrait of her features a background of men on horseback at the top and flowers elsewhere, while a more famous one has her wearing a gold dress with eyes on it, blending into a gold leaf background except for a small bit of green in the bottom left. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Austrian socialite who was also painted twice as Judith.
Answer: Adele Bloch-Bauer
[10] Adele Bloch-Bauer was the model and perhaps lover of this artist of Death and Life, a leader of the Vienna Secession movement who painted her during his golden phase.
Answer: Gustav Klimt
[10] This mural by Klimt was made for the 14th exhibition of the Association of Fine Artists of Austria Secession, and was not intended to be kept after it was over. Intended as an homage to the title composer, it includes parts like "Typhoeus, Unchastity, Lust, and Gluttony."
Answer: Beethoven Frieze or Beethovenfries
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
She writes a letter to her suitor on a birch leaf and returns to heaven to perform a play, but she's banished when she botches the play and cursed to return to earth where she later transforms into a vine. FTPE:,
[10] Name this character from Hindu mythology, who is beloved by king Pururavas, and is "Won by Valour" in a play by Kalidasa.
Answer: Urvasi
[10] In this best-known play by Kalidasa, King Dusyata woos the title nymph, only to reject her and her son, Bharata but everything turns out okay.
Answer: The Recognition of Shakuntala (or Abhijnana sakuntala)
[10] In this poem, consisting of 115 four-line stanzas, an attendant on Kubera, the god of wealth, is exiled to the Vindhya Mountains for a year and sends a message to her wife through the title object.
Answer: The Cloud-Messenger or Meghaduta
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In the first episode of this show to be aired, the title character believes his little brother is the second coming of Christ due to his unplanned birth. Instead, that little brother, Shapey, destroys a nativity scene and he learns his parents are getting a divorce on Christmas day. FTPE:,
[10] Name this claymation show created by Dino Stamatopoulos, in which the main character often tries to live up to his father's expectations through tremendous sacrilege.
Answer: Moral Orel
[10] Moral Orel is aired on this television network that takes the night hours on the channel it shares with Cartoon Network.
Answer: Adult Swim
[10] In order to teach Orel the right way to act or in order to get around a tough question, Orel's father or others often use these. Some examples include: "Thou shalt be ashamed of thy natural anatomy" and "Thou shalt not bastardize the American language."
Answer: The Lost Commandments (do not accept or prompt "The Ten Commandments" or "The Lost Ten Commandments")
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Its namesake proposed that new massless particles are generated whenever an exact symmetry is spontaneously broken. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this type of non-fermionic particle of which pions are the pseudo type for the approximate chiral flavor symmetry.
Answer: Nambu-Goldstone boson
[10] In this mechanism of the Standard Model, the field of the same name breaks symmetry below the critical temperature giving mass to the gauge bosons.
Answer: Higgs Mechanism
[10] The Higgs Mechanism was so named by this man, who, with Polyakov, postulated a magnetic monopole that was not a singularity. He was the recipient of the 1999 Noble Prize along with Veltman for his work on the electroweak interaction.
Answer: Gerard t' Hooft
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
At the entrance to this play, the audience is told that it is based on the suicide of the sculptor La Vela whose fiancee had an affair with Baron Nuti. FTPE:,
[10] Name this play which centers on Delia Morello, whom Francesco Savio blames for suicides of her former lovers. Savio argues with Doro Palegari, with the two constantly switching their opinions on the matter.
Answer: Each in His Own Way [or, Ciascuno a suo modo]
[10] Each in His Own Way was written by this playwright, who also wrote about a character who is studied by Dionysius Genoni and believes he is the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV.
Answer: Luigi Pirandello
[10] This title character of a 1904 Pirandello novel is unsatisfied with his job as an archivist and absconds to Monte Carlo, during which time a suicide in his hometown causes everyone to think he's dead, as reflected by the title of the novel in which he appears.
Answer: Mattia Pascal (accept either name, in "The Late Mattia Pascal" or Il Fu Mattia Pascal)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This group issued a Declaration of the Rights of the German People in December 1848, and in April 1849 created its own constitution and later endorsed the Malmo armistice. FTPE:,
[10] Name this group split between the Little German and Great German factions, which met in a namesake city for a little over a year.
Answer: Frankfurt Assembly or Frankfurt Parliament or Frankfurt Nationalversammlung (prompt on National Assembly; accept German National Assembly in Frankfurt or near equivalents)
[10] This group had organized the election for the Frankfurt Assembly, and in its short existence managed to declare war on Denmark before the Frankfurt Assembly had even met.
Answer: Pre-Parliament or Vorparlament
[10] The Pre-Parliament had declared war on Denmark due to a German rebellion in this duchy belonging to the Danes. Later, the Convention of Gastein separated the administration of it from its neighboring duchy, Holstein.
Answer: Schleswig
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Lineweaver-Burk and Hanes-Woolf plots are often used to visualize this concept. FTPE:,
[10] This model of enzyme kinetics postulates that the enzyme and substrate are in fast equilibrium with their complex and makes use of one of its namesake's constant.
Answer: Michaelis-Menten kinetics/theory/whatever
[10] Michaelis-Menten kinetics do not apply when an enzyme is regulated in this manner, whereby the binding of a molecule somewhere besides the active site affects the enzyme's catalytic activity.
Answer: allosteric
[10] The usual derivation of Michaelis-Menten kinetics used today is due to the quasi-steady-state assumption introduced by this pair of British fellows.
Answer: GE Briggs and JBS Haldane
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man's most famous writing was The Duties of Man, in which he put forth his idea that duty to nation should be placed between duty to family and duty to God. FTPE:,
[10] Name this man who, in 1834, led a failed attempt at insurrection in the kingdom of Sardinia after leaving his place of exile in Marseilles.
Answer: Giuseppe Mazzini
[10] Mazzini became a member of these secret political societies prevalent in Italy during the Risorgimiento, whose members met in charcoal vending bazaars.
Answer: Carbonari
[10] This society was opposed by Mazzini, who learned about them during his time in exile in Marseilles. Made up mostly of Italian refugees, they were led by Carlo Bianco and described by Mazzini as "a sort of military organization…utterly devoid of any dominant moral principle."
Answer: (Knights of the) Apophasimenes
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about a group from Greek mythology, FTPE.,
[10] These three women share one tooth and one eye, which was stolen by Perseus to extract information. They take the names Enyo, or horror, Deino, or dread, and Pemphredo, or alarm.
Answer: Graeae
[10] This sea god married his sister Ceto and became the father of the Graeae and a number of other monsters like the Gorgons, and probably Echidna and Ladon.
Answer: Phorcys
[10] In most stories, Perseus gives the eye back to the Graeae after getting their help, but in others he tosses it into this lake which was near the cave of the Graeae in the mountains of Libya.
Answer: Lake Tritonis
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these plays by Plautus, FTPE:,
[10] A crotchety old man named Euclio thinks Megadorus wants to marry his daughter Phaedria in order to obtain the titular treasure trove he found buried under his house in this play.
Answer: Aulularia or Pot of Gold
[10] This comedy features a prologue by Arcturus which introduces the old man Daemones whose daughter Palaestra has been abducted by pirates and sold to a pimp Labrax, whose wallet is returned in the end when everything turns out swell.
Answer: Rudens or The Rope
[10] In this play, Pistoclerus and Mnesilochus get into a spot of bother when each thinks they have banged the same woman. Happily for them, it turns out that it was really two different women, the title sisters who share the same name.
Answer: Bacchides (accept stuff like "Women named Bacchis" or "The Two Bacchises;" also accept "The Wild, Wild Women")
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer some things about autism spectrum disorders, FTPE.,
[10] This type of Autism Spectrum Disorder and Pervasive Development Disorder was included in the DSM-IV for cases where full features of another PDD or autism are not found.
Answer: Pervasive Development Disorder - Not Otherwise Specified
[10] This autism spectrum disorder is often considered "milder autism," and is named after the Austrian physician who first described it in 1944.
Answer: Asperger's Disorder [ACCEPT Syndrome etc…]
[10] Named after another Austrian physician, who discovered it in 1954, this pervasive development disorder is linked to the MECP2 mutation. It is almost exclusively in females, and is often first witnessed between 6 and 18 months.
Answer: Rett syndrome
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer these questions about reactions of rings in organic chemistry FTPE.,
[10] This reaction uses sodium and an alcohol dissolved in ammonia to reduce a benzene ring into 1,4 cyclo-hexa-dienes.
Answer: Birch reduction
[10] This reaction with a noted endo preference sees a dienophile and a diene create a cyclohexene derivative.
Answer: Diels-Alder diene reaction
[10] This variation on the Diels-Alder reaction is a cycloaddition between an azide and an alkyne to yield a 1, 2, 3 triazole.
Answer: Huisgen cycloaddition
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these members of Calvin Coolidge's cabinet, FTPE.,
[10] This man served as Coolidge's first Secretary of State. He more notably served twice on the Supreme Court, once as Chief Justice, and he earlier defeated William Randolph Hearst to become Governor of New York in 1906.
Answer: Charles Evans Hughes
[10] This other Secretary of State for Coolidge won legal antitrust battles against the Union Pacific Railroad and the Standard Oil Company, and would later serve as an Associate Justice on the Permanent International Court of Justice.
Answer: Frank Billings Kellogg
[10] This Attorney General for Coolidge was appointed to the Supreme Court by him. As Chief Justice, his court saw such well-known cases as Betts v. Brady and Korematsu v. United States.
Answer: Harlan Fiske Stone
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man makes a detailed account of his journey to England, during which he comes to believe that Americans must be a degenerated version of Europeans and that traveling by sea causes a discontinuity in scenery that is not present when traveling by land. FTPE:,
[10] Name this American gentleman who keeps notes while traveling abroad, and gives his name to a collection which features the story of Katrina van Tassel.
Answer: Geoffrey Crayon (accept The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.; prompt on The Sketch Book or Washington Irving)
[10] In this story in the sketch book, Crayon's friend Leslie looks to him for help in his relationship with Mary after Leslie makes some poor financial decisions. In the end, Leslie and Mary live together happily, but destitute, in a country cottage.
Answer: "The Wife"
[10] In this Sketch Book story subtitled A Traveller's Tale, Count Von Altenburg is murdered in the Odenwald while traveling with Herman Von Starkenfaust, who assumes the role of the title character, and eventually becomes a member of the Katzenellenbogen family with the permission of Baron Von Landshort.
Answer: "The Spectre Bridegroom"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer some questions about two exciting sacraments of the Catholic Church which are not the same, FTPE.,
[10] This sacrament is used to give spiritual strength during an illness, or before death, and is often confused with the Last Rites.
Answer: Anointing of the sick [ACCEPT: Extreme Unction]
[10] The most important part of the Last Rites is receiving the Eucharist one last time. This term is used to refer to the "provision for the journey".
Answer: Viaticum
[10] Another part of the Last Rites is this sacrament. The anointing of the sick, the Eucharist in the form of viaticum, and this sacrament make up the sacraments that complete the earthly pilgrimage. It makes up the sacraments of healing along with the anointing of the sick.
Answer: Penance

Warning: Unknown: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_3viq6d6i3kp9dqpg5smigbgmq6, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in Unknown on line 0

Warning: Unknown: Failed to write session data (files). Please verify that the current setting of session.save_path is correct () in Unknown on line 0