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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 Chicago Open Tossups by Beiyang Army:ROMola
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Weinstock modification to this reaction can be utilized with diacids, and Ninomiya, Shiori, and Yamada introduced the use of DPPA in a one-step variation of this reaction to yield urethanes. When it occurs photochemically, it results in an unstable nitrene intermediate, which then sees a migration of the R group towards the nitrogen atom. The product of this reaction cannot be isolated via the similar Hoffmann rearrangement, which occurs in basic conditions. Darapsky and Hillers proposed a modification of this reaction to produce alpha amino-acids from ethyl acetoacetate and the thermal form of this reaction usually begins with an acyl halide which is attacked by an azide group from an azide salt. For 10 points, identify this reaction in which an acyl azide decomposes into an isocyanate.
Answer: Curtius Rearrangement [or Curtius reaction]
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After this battle the victor moved to plunder the so-called "Priest's Alley" while a detachment of his forces advanced south under von Armin. One side marched from Duben, and prior to this battle the victor had formed alliances with William of Hesse-Kassel and Bernard of Saxe-Weimar after his enemy sacked (*) Magdeburg. This battle saw one of the first major defeats of the tercio formation, and a cavalry charge was stopped by one of the first uses of a musket volley. Another cavalry charge by Furstenberg drove off John George I and his Saxon troops, exposing the eventual victor's left flank. The losers were hit by artillery fire from the rear when their own guns were taken by hakkapelittas after Baner drove off Pappenheim. Occurring just north of Leipzig, this battle saw the defeat of the Catholic League under Tilly. For 10 points, name this victory for Gustavus Adolphus in the Thirty Years War
Answer: Battle of Breitenfeld
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This man sent Nicolas de la Portilla to put down a revolt in Cuernavaca and Morelos directed against the local haciendas. He was opposed by the Plan de Zacapoaxtla, the proclaimers of which he then successfully besieged in Puebla. This man's Minister of Finance promulgated a law mandating the sale of ejidos and excess church lands. In addition to the Ley Lerdo, his government passed a law abolishing (*) fueros. This man's creation of a document that banned slavery and placed additional power in the executive led to the proclaiming of the Plan de Tacabaya by Felix Zuloaga, which this man eventually supported. The ally of Juan Alvarez, who he would succeed, this man lost popularity after his government created the Constitution of 18 For 10 points, name this moderate Mexican president who was deposed at the beginning of the War of Reform in favor of his Chief Justice, Benito Juarez.
Answer: Ignacio Comonfort
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The protagonist of this novel falls victim to a trap set by Mr. Tapewell, who had been conspiring with Lady Jane Peckover and her nephew, George Poynings. After spending some time at the home of a highway robbery victim he encounters, Mrs. Fitzsimmons, the protagonist swindles a nobleman under the patronage of Princess Olivia into forfeiting his claim to the hand of Countess Ida. Untimely resurrections in this novel include the appearance of the protagonist's rival for the affections of Nora Brady thought to have been killed in a duel, Captain John Quinn, and the return of Lord Bullingdon, who posed an obstacle to the investiture of the protagonist's son Bryan. While serving as a spy for Frederick the Great the protagonist encounters his uncle, the Chevalier Ballybarry, with whom he travels to Dresden. After marrying the widow of Lord Charles the protagonist moves to Ireland, where he wins a seat in parliament, but in the end his profligate spending and spousal abuse land him in Fleet Prison, where he dies of delirium tremens. For 10 points name this novel by William Thackeray.
Answer: Barry Lyndon
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This condition is sometimes mistaken for the Lambert-Eaton syndrome, which was first documented in patients with lung carcinomas who exhibited symptoms of this condition. It is diagnosed by intravenously administering edrophonium chloride in the Tensilon test. One type of it is caused by insufficient agrin activity, which leads to insufficient signaling of MuSK, and that type is the seronegative type. (*) A thymectomy is sometimes used to treat this condition, and drugs used to treat it include neostigmine and pyridostigmine. Insufficient Rapsyn function inhibits action against antibodies that attack nAchR, causing the majority of cases of it. For 10 points, name this autoimmune disorder caused by antibodies that block acetylcholine receptors whose name means "serious muscle weakness"
Answer: myasthenia gravis [accept MG]
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One queen of this place married Epopeus after she was seduced by Zeus and was given as a slave to Dirce by her father Nycteus. Another daughter of a king of this city gave birth to Mopsus and was forced to oversee the oracle of Apollo at Colophon. In addition to Antiope, a general of this city's army, originally from Tiryns, fled here after killing his father-in-law Electryon over a dispute about some cattle. Megareus sacrificed himself in order to save this city, and (*) Amphiaraus was tricked into going to war against this city after he was given a necklace belonging to Harmonia. Amphion and Zetheus are said to have built this city's walls, and its founder was told by the oracle of Delphi to follow a cow to its current site; that founder, along with his brothers Phoenix and Cilix, had been told by their father Agenor not to come home until their sister Europa was found. Melanippus was among the defenders of this city against an army led by Polynices. For 10 points, name this Greek city-state founded by Cadmus.
Answer: Thebes
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One work of this type and number begins with the chorus intoning lines from Psalm 48 and the soloists responding with lines from Psalm 96, and was inspired by a visit to the title locale following the Yom Kippur War. In addition to Penderecki's The Seven Gates of Jerusalem, another work of this type and number features the movements "The Corn," "The Sacred Root" and "The Blue Deer," Philip Glass' (*) Toltec. More famous works of this type and number include one adapted from the score of a movie about Robert Scott, and one featuring an "invasion theme" For 10 points, give the number and type of these works, exemplified by Vaughan Williams' Antarctica and Shostakovich's Leningrad.
Answer: seventh symphonies
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In one position this leader was supported by a man assassinated for his repressive rule of Antigua, Daniel Parke, and this man feuded with Robert Treat over the latter's harboring of William Goffe and Edward Whalley. Thomas Bull blocked an attempt of this man to take Saybrook, and this opponent of Simon Bradstreet had Philip (*) Carteret imprisoned. A subordinate of this man, Francis Nicholson, was the target of Leisler's Rebellion. This man was chosen for a position over Percy Kirke, and he was aided by Edward Randolph and Joseph Dudley. Commissary James Blair is responsible for ending this man's time as Governor of Virginia, and he also served as Governor of New York before taking a post in which he enforced the Navigation Acts and was forced to dress as a woman in an attempt to flee Boston after the Glorious Revolution. For 10 points, name this unpopular Governor of the Dominion of New England.
Answer: Edmund Andros
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The narrator of one of this man's works is an heir to a pork company who believes he is Georg Buchner, while another work sees author Wolfgang Schwitter come back from the dead twice. In addition to Achterloo and The Meteor, this author wrote two novels about the sickly Inspector Barlach, who also investigated the murder of Ulrich Schmied in The Judge and His Hangman. The title character forces Anastasia to attend executions ordered by the state prosecutor in his The (*) Marriage of Mr. Mississippi and this author explored the final days of the Roman Empire in Romulus the Great. A better-known play by this man is set in the mental hospital of Dr. Mathilde von Zahnd and features Galileo living under the assumed name of Mobius and sharing a suite with two people claiming to be Newton and Einstein. For 10 points, name this Swiss author of The Physicists.
Answer: Friedrich Durrenmatt
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The evolutionary-motive behavior of this region is typically modeled by hybrid symplectic/Bulirsch-Stoer integrators. Discovered using a blink comparator enhanced by several charge coupled devices, its brightness follows a negative 4 power law, and Yelle and Stansberry confirmed the variable emissivity associated with objects within it is controlled by surface ratios of alpha to beta nitrogen. (*) Secular resonances are responsible for its various gaps, including a noticeable "cliff" located at the 1:2 orbital resonance zone. The Nice model proposes that at least some of its mass was removed by gas giants, its present location being an indicator of early outmigration of the larger planets. Mostly populated by objects known as cubewanos, For 10 points, name this astronomical region containing bodies such as Sedna, Quaor, Pluto, and a billion or so short-period comets.
Answer: Edgeworth-Kuiper Belt
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Joseph Halevy was one of the first to study this group in depth, and a tradition of asceticism in this group in which monks lived in structures called tukuls was begun by Sabrah. Zimna Berhane is a recent advocate for this group, and a seventeenth century kingdom controlled by this group under Yoram was defeated in battle by neighboring kings Susenyos and Fasilidas. Headed by the kes of Kes, rituals exclusive to this group include the seged, a mountain pilgrimage traditionally held near (*) Gondar. Tesfaye Gebre Kidan authorized the best-known policy involving these people shortly after Kasa Kabede fell out of favor. This group's scriptures are written in Ge'ez, and Operations Moses and Solomon helped them immigrate from their adopted homeland in 1985 and 1991, respectively. Having apocryphal origins as descendants of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, this is, for 10 points, what group of African followers of Judaism formerly persecuted by the Orthodox majority under such rulers as Mengistu and Haile Selassie.
Answer: Falashas [or Beta Israel; or Ethiopian Jews; do not accept "Falashmuras"]
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One passage in this work discusses how to "avoid furthering the bureaucratization of reason and discourse", and an appendix to this work laments the necessity of empirical studies as well as encouraging limiting their use in the relevant discipline; that appendix is "On Intellectual Craftsmanship" and also discourages separating one's academic work from one's life. A famous passage in this work asserts that "men often feel that their private lives are a series of traps" and alternately presents the title concept as "the ability to shift from one perspective to another" and the propensity to "translate personal troubles into public issues". Also highly critical of the concepts of methodological inhibition and fetishism of the concept, as well as their respective formulators, Paul Lazarsfeld and Talcott Parsons, for 10 points, name this work of Charles Wright Mills.
Answer: The Sociological Imagination
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He holds the single season punting record with an average distance of 4 yards per punt, and he lettered in three sports at Sweetwater High. Following his pro career he coached the New York Titans and Oilers of the AFL and assistant coached at Tulsa, and his number is the only one officially retired by the organization with which he is most associated. He once led the league in interceptions with 11 and is still in the top 150 all time in that statistic. He threw for 40 touchdowns in three seasons and was one of the first to break the 50% completion mark during his time at TCU, and he followed that with a quickly aborted career in the Cardinals organization. Normalized for era, his 70.3% completion percentage in 1945 is the best in NFL history, and he was on the losing side of the 1943 league championship to the Bears. For 10 points, name this longtime Washington Redskin who popularized the forward pass and carried the nickname "Slinging Sammy."
Answer: Sammy Baugh
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This poem's second stanza evokes the image of "a white dust of ibises whose cries/Have wheeled since civilization's dawn." This poem asks "What is that to the child hacked in bed" in one part of this poem, which also notes that "upright man seeks his divinity by inflicting pain" and calls savages "as expendable as Jews." In the fourth stanza, the speaker claims to be "divided to the vein," while another part of this poem notes that "scholars seize the salients" of a certain type of policy. The third stanza of this poem claims that (*) "brutish necessity wipes its hands/Upon the napkin of a dirty cause," while at the poem's end, the speaker wonders how he can turn away from the titular location and live. ."In the first stanza he relates that "Corpses are scattered through a paradise," some by the Kikuyu, who are "quick as flies." This poem begins with the line "A wind is ruffling the tawny pelt" of the title location. For 10 points, name this poem about the Mau-Mau uprising in Kenya, written by Derek Walcott.
Answer: "A Far Cry from Africa"
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The signing of this agreement was preceded by fruitless meetings at Alencon and Vernon that failed due to one party's demands for control of Ponthieu. An action of Tanneguy du Chastel at Montereau allowed the chief beneficiary of this treaty to exceed his original demands of a return to the terms of the Treaty of (*) Bretigny. This treaty led to the first marriage of a woman who would later secretly marry Owen Tudor. It resulted in the creation of an office held by the Duke of Bedford, and it used as pretext one of Isabella of Bavaria's extramarital affairs. Precipitated by the assassination of John the Fearless, this treaty was renounced in the Treaty of Arras by Philip the Good. Argued to be a violation of Salic Law by Charles VII, for 10 points, name this treaty of the Hundred Years' War that named Henry V as heir to the French throne.
Answer: Treaty of Troyes
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The linear variety of this equation can be used to model Orenstein-Uhlenbeck processes. Long range interpartcle forces were used by Montgomery and Tidman to derive this result, and Rosenbluth, MacDonald, and Judd are responsible for another derivation applicable to plasmas. (*) Pawula's theorem involves a contradiction of the positivity of the distribution function when this equation has finite derivatives greater than One of its namesakes derived it using jump moments, and the Smoluchowski equation is a generalization of this equation which describes diffusion in inhomogenous systems. It is equivalent to the Langevin equation when considering white Gaussian noise, and in the limit of large time intervals with constant stochastic term, it can be used to model Brownian motion. For 10 points, name this class of differential equations used to describe the time evolution of a particle's probability density function.
Answer: Fokker-Planck equation [accept forward Kolmogorov equation]
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This work concludes by asserting that pragmatism is the instrument by which man mediates his "scientific heritage" and the "continuing barrage of sensory information". Another section of this work explains extension by positing the possible equality of the designations "creature with a heart" and "creature with a kidney." This work's third section contains a discussion on whether interchangeability ensures synonymity with Frege's example of the meanings of "evening star" and "morning star" with reference to the planet Venus. The author also asserts that Carnap's state descriptions and semantical rules do not provide a useful model for determining whether statements are analytic and ties verification theory to reductionism, one of the titular entities; the other refers to the perceived dichotomy of analytic and synthetic statements. For 10 points, name this paper of W.V.O Quine that attempts to correct the namesake insufficiencies of the titular philosophical school.
Answer: Two Dogmas of Empiricism
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This artist included tracks such as "There's Danger In Your Eyes, Cherie," "You Took the Words Right Out of My Heart" and "Everything Happens to Me" on his second solo album, in which this artist was "Alone in San Francisco," and he appeared on the Don Byas album Midnight at Minton's, one of his first recordings. Another album by this artist of "Well, You Needn't" features the tracks "Ba-lue Bolivar Ba-lues-are" and "I Surrender Dear," and this artist is also responsible for the songs (*) "Green Chimneys" and "Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea," which appear on the albums Brilliant Corners and Straight, No Chaser respectively. For 10 points, name this jazz artist who, with Cootie Williams, recorded "'Round Midnight."
Answer: Thelonious Monk
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This author challenged Aldous Huxley's views on drugs in his article "Return Trip to Nirvana" and wrote a history of early astronomy entitled The Sleepwalkers. This author's only play was Twilight Bar, while he wrote about the establishment of a kibbutz in occupied Palestine in his Thieves in the Night. Another work of this author features psychoanalyst Sonia Bulgar and a man who escapes to Neutralia after refusing to give information to Fascists despite being burned with cigars, (*) Peter Slavek. This author's best-known work features a character known first as Hare-Lip, who the protagonist's former associate, Kieffer, and who testifies against the protagonist, the ex-Comissar of the People imprisoned in cell 4 For 10 points name this Hungarian-born author of Arrival and Departure who wrote about Rubashov's imprisonment and execution in Darkness at Noon.
Answer: Arthur Koestler
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At the bottom right corner of this painting, a woman looks to the sky with her hands in the air. Directly in front of that woman is another woman who looks back toward the title event as she runs away carrying a baby, and a child in green holds on to her dress and looks toward the viewer. A bronze statue faces away from the scene, and the extreme top right of the work sees numerous soldiers on top of a roof. In the bottom left, a wounded drummer looks on toward the title event in the painting's center, and directly behind that drummer stand numerous musketeers. Possibly inspired by Benjamin West, the artist depicts a Royal Ethiopian soldier who was not actually present at the title event. The center of the painting is dominated by a Union Jack flying over soldiers carrying the dead body of the title character, killed by a musket ball to the chest as his troops secure victory. For 10 points, name this painting depicting the demise of the commander of British forces in the Battle of Jersey, a work of John Singleton Copley.
Answer: The Death of Major Peirson
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This polity fought a war against Asafu Ejei, ruler of Juaben, and it narrowly averted another conflict caused by the misinterpretation of the symbol of an axe carried by ambassadors of this polity, which was forced to sign the Treaty of Fomena. Another conflict broke out with allegations of grave robbing against the Assin, and resulted in this polity fighting the Fante, while this polity conquered Bono under its king (*) Opoku Ware. The death of Charles MacCarthy ended one conflict involving this polity, while another followed the exile of Prempeh I to the Seychelles and was fought by the Queen Mother against Frederick Hodgson. Garnet Wolseley led a campaign against this empire, which threw off control by Denkyera under Osei Tutu. It was centered at Kumasi, and its kings' authority came from an object that supposedly fell from the heavens, the Golden Stool. For 10 points, name this empire found in modern Ghana.
Answer: Ashanti Empire [or Asante
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Weinstock modification to this reaction can be utilized with diacids, and Ninomiya, Shiori, and Yamada introduced the use of DPPA in a one-step variation of this reaction to yield urethanes. When it occurs photochemically, it results in an unstable nitrene intermediate, which then sees a migration of the R group towards the nitrogen atom. The product of this reaction cannot be isolated via the similar Hoffmann rearrangement, which occurs in basic conditions. Darapsky and Hillers proposed a modification of this reaction to produce alpha amino-acids from ethyl acetoacetate and the thermal form of this reaction usually begins with an acyl halide which is attacked by an azide group from an azide salt. For 10 points, identify this reaction in which an acyl azide decomposes into an isocyanate.
Answer: Curtius Rearrangement [or Curtius reaction]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man sent Nicolas de la Portilla to put down a revolt in Cuernavaca and Morelos directed against the local haciendas. He was opposed by the Plan de Zacapoaxtla, the proclaimers of which he then successfully besieged in Puebla. This man's Minister of Finance promulgated a law mandating the sale of ejidos and excess church lands. In addition to the Ley Lerdo, his government passed a law abolishing (*) fueros. This man's creation of a document that banned slavery and placed additional power in the executive led to the proclaiming of the Plan de Tacabaya by Felix Zuloaga, which this man eventually supported. The ally of Juan Alvarez, who he would succeed, this man lost popularity after his government created the Constitution of 18 For 10 points, name this moderate Mexican president who was deposed at the beginning of the War of Reform in favor of his Chief Justice, Benito Juarez.
Answer: Ignacio Comonfort
 
2009 Chicago Open Bonuses by Beiyang Army:ROMola
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Characters in this play who engage in the title profession include Simon Eyre, who eventually becomes Lord Mayor, and Rowland Lacy. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play which sees Rowland Lacy fall in love with and marry Rose Otley despite the wishes of their elders.
Answer: The Shoemaker's Holiday
[10] The Shoemaker's Holiday is a work of this early English playwright, who collaborated with Thomas Middleton on the first part of his two-part drama The Honest Whore, and also wrote Old Fortunatus.
Answer: Thomas Dekker
[10] This other Dekker work caricatures Ben Jonson as Horace and begins when Sir Walter Terrill announces that King William Rufus will be on hand to grace his upcoming wedding to Caelestine.
Answer: Satiromastix
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Characters in this play who engage in the title profession include Simon Eyre, who eventually becomes Lord Mayor, and Rowland Lacy. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play which sees Rowland Lacy fall in love with and marry Rose Otley despite the wishes of their elders.
Answer: The Shoemaker's Holiday
[10] The Shoemaker's Holiday is a work of this early English playwright, who collaborated with Thomas Middleton on the first part of his two-part drama The Honest Whore, and also wrote Old Fortunatus.
Answer: Thomas Dekker
[10] This other Dekker work caricatures Ben Jonson as Horace and begins when Sir Walter Terrill announces that King William Rufus will be on hand to grace his upcoming wedding to Caelestine.
Answer: Satiromastix
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following from group theory, for 10 points each:,
[10] This is a subgroup of a permutation group that consists only of even permutations. Its order for any integer n greater than two is half of n factorial.
Answer: alternating groups
[10] This theorem states that a primitive group of a symmetric group S-sub-n containing at least one permutation equivalent to a q cycle is equal to its alternating group or its symmetric if the q cycle is for some prime less than or equal to n minus 3.
Answer: Jordan's Symmetric Group Theory
[10] This conjecture stated that the order of finite simple groups must be either prime or even. It was eventually proven by Feit and Thompson.
Answer: Burnside conjecture
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following from group theory, for 10 points each:,
[10] This is a subgroup of a permutation group that consists only of even permutations. Its order for any integer n greater than two is half of n factorial.
Answer: alternating groups
[10] This theorem states that a primitive group of a symmetric group S-sub-n containing at least one permutation equivalent to a q cycle is equal to its alternating group or its symmetric if the q cycle is for some prime less than or equal to n minus 3.
Answer: Jordan's Symmetric Group Theory
[10] This conjecture stated that the order of finite simple groups must be either prime or even. It was eventually proven by Feit and Thompson.
Answer: Burnside conjecture
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Stuff about Algerian independence, for 10 points each.,
[10] A May 1958 insurrection in Algeria brought about the dissolution of the French Forth Republic when demands were made to put this man back in power. He then became the first president of the Fifth Republic.
Answer: Charles de Gaulle
[10] Opposition to an independent Algeria resulted in the creation of this far-right terrorist organization led by Raoul Salan. They seized control of Algiers in April 1961 and took part in an attempted assassination attempt on de Gaulle in 1962.
Answer: OAS [or Secret Army Organization; or Organisation de l'Armee Secrete]
[10] This Algerian city experience unrest in 1945. The display of Algerian nationalist flags caused French troops to fire on demonstrators, which was responded to with an anti-European massacre, which in turn brought on government crackdowns that resulted in upwards of eight thousand dead.
Answer: Setif
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Stuff about Algerian independence, for 10 points each.,
[10] A May 1958 insurrection in Algeria brought about the dissolution of the French Forth Republic when demands were made to put this man back in power. He then became the first president of the Fifth Republic.
Answer: Charles de Gaulle
[10] Opposition to an independent Algeria resulted in the creation of this far-right terrorist organization led by Raoul Salan. They seized control of Algiers in April 1961 and took part in an attempted assassination attempt on de Gaulle in 1962.
Answer: OAS [or Secret Army Organization; or Organisation de l'Armee Secrete]
[10] This Algerian city experience unrest in 1945. The display of Algerian nationalist flags caused French troops to fire on demonstrators, which was responded to with an anti-European massacre, which in turn brought on government crackdowns that resulted in upwards of eight thousand dead.
Answer: Setif
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
With Brumberg, this economist names a hypothesis about the life cycle theory of savings that implies that the growth of the economy is crucial in determining aggregate savings rate. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this winner of the 1985 Nobel Prize for Economics who, with another Nobel Prize winner, names a theorem that states that the market value of a firm does not depend on the methods used to finance its investments.
Answer: Franco Modigliani
[10] The aforementioned theorem is also named for this 1990 Nobel laureate.
Answer: Merton Miller
[10] Implications of the Modigliani-Miller theorem are modeled by this equation, which relates a firm's use of leverage to its capital costs. It utilizes a beta-coefficient.
Answer: Hamada's equation
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
With Brumberg, this economist names a hypothesis about the life cycle theory of savings that implies that the growth of the economy is crucial in determining aggregate savings rate. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this winner of the 1985 Nobel Prize for Economics who, with another Nobel Prize winner, names a theorem that states that the market value of a firm does not depend on the methods used to finance its investments.
Answer: Franco Modigliani
[10] The aforementioned theorem is also named for this 1990 Nobel laureate.
Answer: Merton Miller
[10] Implications of the Modigliani-Miller theorem are modeled by this equation, which relates a firm's use of leverage to its capital costs. It utilizes a beta-coefficient.
Answer: Hamada's equation
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following Biblical judges, for 10 points each.,
[10] Barak served as general in this woman's army. She's known for defeating Jabin and Sisera's Canaanite army.
Answer: Deborah
[10] This son of Kenaz and nephew of Caleb was the first judge. He delivered the Israelites from the tyrant Chushan-rishathaim.
Answer: Othniel ben Kenaz
[10] This successor of Othniel is best known for eviscerating the obese and evil Eglon with a double-edged sword before defeating the Moabites in battle.
Answer: Ehud
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following Biblical judges, for 10 points each.,
[10] Barak served as general in this woman's army. She's known for defeating Jabin and Sisera's Canaanite army.
Answer: Deborah
[10] This son of Kenaz and nephew of Caleb was the first judge. He delivered the Israelites from the tyrant Chushan-rishathaim.
Answer: Othniel ben Kenaz
[10] This successor of Othniel is best known for eviscerating the obese and evil Eglon with a double-edged sword before defeating the Moabites in battle.
Answer: Ehud
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about an author and his works, for 10 points each.,
[10] This novel tells the story of Joe Allston, a literary agent who travels with his wife Ruth to Denmark in search of his mother's hometown.
Answer: The Spectator Bird
[10] This American author of The Big Rock Candy Mountain and Angle of Repose wrote The Spectator Bird.
Answer: Wallace Stegner
[10] This retired history professor is the protagonist of Angle of Repose. Suffering from a debilitating bone disease, he returns to Grass Valley, California, to investigate the life of his grandmother.
Answer: Lyman Ward [accept either]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about an author and his works, for 10 points each.,
[10] This novel tells the story of Joe Allston, a literary agent who travels with his wife Ruth to Denmark in search of his mother's hometown.
Answer: The Spectator Bird
[10] This American author of The Big Rock Candy Mountain and Angle of Repose wrote The Spectator Bird.
Answer: Wallace Stegner
[10] This retired history professor is the protagonist of Angle of Repose. Suffering from a debilitating bone disease, he returns to Grass Valley, California, to investigate the life of his grandmother.
Answer: Lyman Ward [accept either]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these baseball players who, in 2009, came out of fucking nowhere, for 10 points each.,
[10] Nicknamed "Zorilla," this All-Star utility player married to a hot Christian rocker led the American League in OPS for a spell, and has been regularly filling in for his team following the injury of Aki Iwamura.
Answer: Ben Zobrist
[10] This other all-star teammate of Zobrist was accquired in the Delmon Young trade for his defensive prowess and has nearly matched his career total with 8 homers in 2009, to go along with a .350+ batting average.
Answer: Jason Bartlett
[10] This mustachioed lefty D-backs relief pitcher lost contact with major league organizations following his 2006 pro debut. After spending more time in school and the independant leagues he's K'ed more than a batter an inning in '09.
Answer: Clay Pfilbson Zavada
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these baseball players who, in 2009, came out of fucking nowhere, for 10 points each.,
[10] Nicknamed "Zorilla," this All-Star utility player married to a hot Christian rocker led the American League in OPS for a spell, and has been regularly filling in for his team following the injury of Aki Iwamura.
Answer: Ben Zobrist
[10] This other all-star teammate of Zobrist was accquired in the Delmon Young trade for his defensive prowess and has nearly matched his career total with 8 homers in 2009, to go along with a .350+ batting average.
Answer: Jason Bartlett
[10] This mustachioed lefty D-backs relief pitcher lost contact with major league organizations following his 2006 pro debut. After spending more time in school and the independant leagues he's K'ed more than a batter an inning in '09.
Answer: Clay Pfilbson Zavada
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Brush method is one approximation of the results produced by this technique. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this method of summing long-range particles and their associated infinite periodic charges, formulated in 1921 by its German namesake.
Answer: Ewald summation
[10] Ewald summation is a more specific form of this summation formula that utilizes a function's Fourier series coefficients.
Answer: Poisson summation formula
[10] This method approximates the results of the Ewald Summation by assuming a spherically symmetric valence electron potential, allowing the Schrodinger equation to become separable to spherical coordinates to expand linearly constructed eigenfunction in terms of spherical harmonics and radial solutions.
Answer: von der Lage-Bethe method
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The Brush method is one approximation of the results produced by this technique. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this method of summing long-range particles and their associated infinite periodic charges, formulated in 1921 by its German namesake.
Answer: Ewald summation
[10] Ewald summation is a more specific form of this summation formula that utilizes a function's Fourier series coefficients.
Answer: Poisson summation formula
[10] This method approximates the results of the Ewald Summation by assuming a spherically symmetric valence electron potential, allowing the Schrodinger equation to become separable to spherical coordinates to expand linearly constructed eigenfunction in terms of spherical harmonics and radial solutions.
Answer: von der Lage-Bethe method
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name some battles from the Genpei War that are not Dan-no-Ura, for 10 points each. Okay, not really,
[10] The Genpei War originated as a response to this family's control of Japanese politics. Led by Kiyomori, it was eventually defeated by the Minamoto.
Answer: Taira clan
[10] Kiyomori's brother Tadanori was killed in the Minamoto assault on this highly defensible seaside fortress, covered by mountains on the land side and located near present-day Kobe.
Answer: Ichi-no-Tani
[10] Ichi-no-Tani was one of the victories of this great Minamoto general, brother of future shogun Yoritomo. After the Minamoto victory, he unsuccessfully rebelled against his brother.
Answer: Minamoto no Yoshitsune
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name some battles from the Genpei War that are not Dan-no-Ura, for 10 points each. Okay, not really,
[10] The Genpei War originated as a response to this family's control of Japanese politics. Led by Kiyomori, it was eventually defeated by the Minamoto.
Answer: Taira clan
[10] Kiyomori's brother Tadanori was killed in the Minamoto assault on this highly defensible seaside fortress, covered by mountains on the land side and located near present-day Kobe.
Answer: Ichi-no-Tani
[10] Ichi-no-Tani was one of the victories of this great Minamoto general, brother of future shogun Yoritomo. After the Minamoto victory, he unsuccessfully rebelled against his brother.
Answer: Minamoto no Yoshitsune
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A sign near the back of this photograph indicates that it was taken in San Francisco. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this photograph, whose central figure is attired in a worn hat and jacket and leans over a wooden fence holding a tin cup.
Answer: White Angel Breadline
[10] This photographer of White Angel Breadline is better known for a work depicting the "destitute pea-picker" Florence Thompson with two of her children near Nipomo, California in Migrant Mother.
Answer: Dorothea Lange
[10] This other Lange photograph depicts a lone farmhouse surrounded by barren, plowed land, and represents tenant farmers being displaced by machinery.
Answer: Tractored Out, Childress County, Texas
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A sign near the back of this photograph indicates that it was taken in San Francisco. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this photograph, whose central figure is attired in a worn hat and jacket and leans over a wooden fence holding a tin cup.
Answer: White Angel Breadline
[10] This photographer of White Angel Breadline is better known for a work depicting the "destitute pea-picker" Florence Thompson with two of her children near Nipomo, California in Migrant Mother.
Answer: Dorothea Lange
[10] This other Lange photograph depicts a lone farmhouse surrounded by barren, plowed land, and represents tenant farmers being displaced by machinery.
Answer: Tractored Out, Childress County, Texas
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name some important members of the Free Soil Party, for 10 points each.,
[10] This politician from New Hampshire was the father-in-law of John Wilkes Booth and ran for president on the Free Soil ticket in 1852.
Answer: John Parker Hale
[10] This Massachusetts politician helped resolve the Trent Affair as Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, but he is more famous for giving a vitriolic attack on the Kansas-Nebraska Act, for which Preston Brooks beat him senseless with a cane.
Answer: Charles Sumner[10] This other Massachusetts native ran for Vice President in the 1848 election, and as ambassador to Britain, he was noted for his dogged prosecution of the Alabama claims.
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name some important members of the Free Soil Party, for 10 points each.,
[10] This politician from New Hampshire was the father-in-law of John Wilkes Booth and ran for president on the Free Soil ticket in 1852.
Answer: John Parker Hale
[10] This Massachusetts politician helped resolve the Trent Affair as Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, but he is more famous for giving a vitriolic attack on the Kansas-Nebraska Act, for which Preston Brooks beat him senseless with a cane.
Answer: Charles Sumner[10] This other Massachusetts native ran for Vice President in the 1848 election, and as ambassador to Britain, he was noted for his dogged prosecution of the Alabama claims.
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This god gave another deity a five-toed chicken and detailed plans for the creation of the earth, but that ended poorly for all concerned. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Yoruban creator deity who rules the sky and is either the brother of, or married to, Olokun.
Answer: Olorun
[10] Identify the deity who screwed up the creation of the world because he was too drunk on Palm Wine to do a proper job of it after Olorun gave him the plans, and therefore had to make men.
Answer: Obatala
[10] This deity stole the plans from Obatala and actually ended up creating the earth by throwing mud into the sea and allowing the chicken to scratch the landscape out.
Answer: Oduduwa
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This god gave another deity a five-toed chicken and detailed plans for the creation of the earth, but that ended poorly for all concerned. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Yoruban creator deity who rules the sky and is either the brother of, or married to, Olokun.
Answer: Olorun
[10] Identify the deity who screwed up the creation of the world because he was too drunk on Palm Wine to do a proper job of it after Olorun gave him the plans, and therefore had to make men.
Answer: Obatala
[10] This deity stole the plans from Obatala and actually ended up creating the earth by throwing mud into the sea and allowing the chicken to scratch the landscape out.
Answer: Oduduwa
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This novel is told in the form of a letter by the title character's sister Clara, and near the beginning the title character's fanatically religious father dies of spontaneous combustion. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel, in which another character tricks the title character into murdering his wife Catharine Pleyel when he hears voices that he interprets as commands from God.
Answer: Wieland, or the Transformation
[10] This early American author of Edgar Huntley, Ormond, and Arthur Mervyn wrote Wieland.
Answer: Charles Brockden Brown
[10] This character, Catharine's brother, marries a baroness but renews his love for Clara at the work's end.
Answer: Henry Pleyel
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This novel is told in the form of a letter by the title character's sister Clara, and near the beginning the title character's fanatically religious father dies of spontaneous combustion. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel, in which another character tricks the title character into murdering his wife Catharine Pleyel when he hears voices that he interprets as commands from God.
Answer: Wieland, or the Transformation
[10] This early American author of Edgar Huntley, Ormond, and Arthur Mervyn wrote Wieland.
Answer: Charles Brockden Brown
[10] This character, Catharine's brother, marries a baroness but renews his love for Clara at the work's end.
Answer: Henry Pleyel
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This work defines religion as the belief in the divine nature of moral law and asserts that the titular concept is necessary to reinforce moral law for those with powerful impulses contrary to that law. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1792 philosophical work at first mistakenly attributed to Immanuel Kant in which its author develops a system known as Wissenschaftslehre.
Answer: An Attempt at a Critique of all Revelation [or Versuch einer Kritik aller Offenbarung]
[10] This author of The Way Toward the Blessed Life and On the Grounds of Our Belief in the Divine Government of the Universe also wrote An Attempt at a Critique of all Revelation.
Answer: Johann Gottlieb Fichte
[10] In this 1800 work, Fichte responded to the charges of an atheism by defining God as a universal will that becomes self-conscious through manifestation in individuals.
Answer: The Vocation of Man [or Die Bestimmung des Menschen]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This work defines religion as the belief in the divine nature of moral law and asserts that the titular concept is necessary to reinforce moral law for those with powerful impulses contrary to that law. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1792 philosophical work at first mistakenly attributed to Immanuel Kant in which its author develops a system known as Wissenschaftslehre.
Answer: An Attempt at a Critique of all Revelation [or Versuch einer Kritik aller Offenbarung]
[10] This author of The Way Toward the Blessed Life and On the Grounds of Our Belief in the Divine Government of the Universe also wrote An Attempt at a Critique of all Revelation.
Answer: Johann Gottlieb Fichte
[10] In this 1800 work, Fichte responded to the charges of an atheism by defining God as a universal will that becomes self-conscious through manifestation in individuals.
Answer: The Vocation of Man [or Die Bestimmung des Menschen]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The losing commander at this battle showed his inexperience by breaking his phalanx into ten groups with war elephants in the gaps. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this battle which earned the agnomen Asiaticus for a brother of Scipio Africanus as he defeated the forces of Antiochus III.
Answer: Battle of Magnesia
[10] Antiochus was a ruler of this Hellenistic kingdom, whose founder allied with Cassander and Lysimachus to win the Battle of Ipsus and was given the byname Nicator, meaning conqueror.
Answer: Seleucid Empire
[10] Following Antiochus's defeat at Magnesia, he faced a revolt from Artaxias, who established this independent kingdom. It would later be at the center of conflicts between Rome and Parthia, and it was ruled by Tigranes the Great.
Answer: Kingdom of Armenia
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The losing commander at this battle showed his inexperience by breaking his phalanx into ten groups with war elephants in the gaps. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this battle which earned the agnomen Asiaticus for a brother of Scipio Africanus as he defeated the forces of Antiochus III.
Answer: Battle of Magnesia
[10] Antiochus was a ruler of this Hellenistic kingdom, whose founder allied with Cassander and Lysimachus to win the Battle of Ipsus and was given the byname Nicator, meaning conqueror.
Answer: Seleucid Empire
[10] Following Antiochus's defeat at Magnesia, he faced a revolt from Artaxias, who established this independent kingdom. It would later be at the center of conflicts between Rome and Parthia, and it was ruled by Tigranes the Great.
Answer: Kingdom of Armenia
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about the composer of Night Ride and Sunrise, for 10 points each.,
[10] Name this composer, also responsible for the Karelia Suite and the Lemminkainen Suite.
Answer: Jean Sibelius
[10] This Sibelius tone poem, which was also his last orchestral work, portrays the Finnish spirit of pine forests in his residence.
Answer: Tapiola
[10] This Sibelius cantata also draws from the Kalevala and represents "the origin of fire." A notable chorus in this work describes how Ukko fashioned the sun and the moon.
Answer: Tulen synty
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about the composer of Night Ride and Sunrise, for 10 points each.,
[10] Name this composer, also responsible for the Karelia Suite and the Lemminkainen Suite.
Answer: Jean Sibelius
[10] This Sibelius tone poem, which was also his last orchestral work, portrays the Finnish spirit of pine forests in his residence.
Answer: Tapiola
[10] This Sibelius cantata also draws from the Kalevala and represents "the origin of fire." A notable chorus in this work describes how Ukko fashioned the sun and the moon.
Answer: Tulen synty
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about glaciers and lakes, for 10 points each.,
[10] Grinnell, Josephine, and Swiftcurrent are a series of this type of lake in Glacier National Park. Formed by carving out a valley bed or by a glacial dam, their name comes from their resemblance to rosary beads.
Answer: paternoster lakes
[10] Canada's Puslinch Lake is the largest lake of this type in North America. They are created when detached blocks of a calving glacier are impounded by sediment.
Answer: kettle holes[10] From the Icelandic for "glacial outburst," this rapid glacial melting may occur via sudden temperature rise or the failure of a glacial dam, and causes kettle holes to fill with water. However, they are usually associated with lahars produced by the eruption of a volcano beneath an ice sheet.
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about glaciers and lakes, for 10 points each.,
[10] Grinnell, Josephine, and Swiftcurrent are a series of this type of lake in Glacier National Park. Formed by carving out a valley bed or by a glacial dam, their name comes from their resemblance to rosary beads.
Answer: paternoster lakes
[10] Canada's Puslinch Lake is the largest lake of this type in North America. They are created when detached blocks of a calving glacier are impounded by sediment.
Answer: kettle holes[10] From the Icelandic for "glacial outburst," this rapid glacial melting may occur via sudden temperature rise or the failure of a glacial dam, and causes kettle holes to fill with water. However, they are usually associated with lahars produced by the eruption of a volcano beneath an ice sheet.
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This play opens in a police station with Inspector Bertozzo interviewing the Maniac, a man who has been arrested for impersonation several times but never convicted. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play, whose title character is said to have accidentally fallen out of a police station window despite suspicious circumstances.
Answer: Accidental Death of an Anarchist [or Morte accidentale di un anarchico]
[10] This Italian playwright of Mistero Buffo wrote Accidental Death of an Anarchist.
Answer: Dario Fo
[10] The title character of this other Fo work cleans pig stalls on Columbus's voyage to the Americas and is adopted by a tribe of Indians.
Answer: Johan Padan and the Discovery of the Americas
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This play opens in a police station with Inspector Bertozzo interviewing the Maniac, a man who has been arrested for impersonation several times but never convicted. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play, whose title character is said to have accidentally fallen out of a police station window despite suspicious circumstances.
Answer: Accidental Death of an Anarchist [or Morte accidentale di un anarchico]
[10] This Italian playwright of Mistero Buffo wrote Accidental Death of an Anarchist.
Answer: Dario Fo
[10] The title character of this other Fo work cleans pig stalls on Columbus's voyage to the Americas and is adopted by a tribe of Indians.
Answer: Johan Padan and the Discovery of the Americas
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This ethnic group is divided into "white" and "green" groups on the basis of the traditional color of women's clothing, and several members have made messianic claims about "discovering" this group's original writing system. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this ethnic group against whom Laos waged the "Secret War", forcing many refugees into Thailand where they were already treated with suspicion due to their communist sympathies.
Answer: Hmong
[10] Along with the A-Hmao, Hmu, and Qo-Xiong, the Hmong are members of this language group, most of whose other members live in southern China.
Answer: Miao
[10] Also known as Montagnards, this predominantly Christian ethnic group lives mainly in Vietnam's Central Highlands.
Answer: Degar
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This ethnic group is divided into "white" and "green" groups on the basis of the traditional color of women's clothing, and several members have made messianic claims about "discovering" this group's original writing system. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this ethnic group against whom Laos waged the "Secret War", forcing many refugees into Thailand where they were already treated with suspicion due to their communist sympathies.
Answer: Hmong
[10] Along with the A-Hmao, Hmu, and Qo-Xiong, the Hmong are members of this language group, most of whose other members live in southern China.
Answer: Miao
[10] Also known as Montagnards, this predominantly Christian ethnic group lives mainly in Vietnam's Central Highlands.
Answer: Degar
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following post-translational modifications, for 10 points each.,
[10] This process occurs in Golgi bodies and involves the addition of sugars to protein residues. It is O-linked when it occurs at serine and threonine residues, and N-linked when it occurs at asparagines residues.
Answer: glycosylation
[10] This process usually occurs at cysteine residues near the c-terminus of amino acids with the CAAX consensus sequence, and involves the addition of 15 or 20 carbon terpenoids.
Answer: prenylation
[10] The modification of certain glutamate residues to gamma-carboxy glutamate residues requires this vitamin as a cofactor. It comes in forms such as menaquinones and phylloquiones, and is essential in blood clotting.
Answer: Vitamin K
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following post-translational modifications, for 10 points each.,
[10] This process occurs in Golgi bodies and involves the addition of sugars to protein residues. It is O-linked when it occurs at serine and threonine residues, and N-linked when it occurs at asparagines residues.
Answer: glycosylation
[10] This process usually occurs at cysteine residues near the c-terminus of amino acids with the CAAX consensus sequence, and involves the addition of 15 or 20 carbon terpenoids.
Answer: prenylation
[10] The modification of certain glutamate residues to gamma-carboxy glutamate residues requires this vitamin as a cofactor. It comes in forms such as menaquinones and phylloquiones, and is essential in blood clotting.
Answer: Vitamin K

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