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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Chicago Open Tossups by Ahmad
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This man's set of essays, Sincerity and Authenticity, discusses the moral self in post-Enlightenment western civilization. In one work, he analyzes the symbolism of prisons in Charles Dickens' Little Dorrit as a metaphor for the cohesive and confining elements of culture. In his only finished novel, a young political turncoat named John Laskell angers a group of intellectuals summering in Connecticut, The Middle of the Journey. Earlier in his career, he published two studies of Matthew Arnold and E.M. Forester, and his other works include Freud and the Crisis of Our Culture and The Opposing Self. This member of the "New York intellectuals" informed the neo-conservative movement in his landmark work The Liberal Imagination. FTP, name this American literary critic who frequently contributed to the Partisan Review and the Kenyon Review.
Answer: Lionel Trilling
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The most notable native-born official of this polity was Joaquin Mosquera y Figueroa, a judge of Popayan ancestry. Jose Celestino Mutis led a minor revolution in botany here. Early governors such as Sebastian Eslava were unable to exercise power in its inland regions due to the importance of the largest port and frequent conflicts with England continued under Manuel Flores and Antonio Caballero y Gongora. The alcabala sales tax provoked a comunero revolt in the 1780s, and Antonio Narino's translation of the Declaration of the Rights of Man led to further unrest in 17 Finally, its end came with the conference of Angostura and this entity, which had its largest port at Cartagena, dissolved with the formation of Gran Colombia. FTP, name this polity in existence from 1717 to 1819 in present-day Panama and northern South America, which was named for the final Muslim stronghold on the Iberian Peninsula.
Answer: New Granada [or Nueva Granada]
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It first appeared, but its ramifications were unappreciated, in Maxwell's formulation of electrodynamics in 18 Ward-Takahashi identities are important for defining these for quantum field theories. Emmy Noether's work using the Euler-Lagrangian equations in electrodynamics was integral in establishing this general type of theory, Yang and Mills introduced a non-Abelian type of this theory, and its name comes from Herman Weyl's assumption about the change in scale accompanying the translation in space-time brought about by Einstein's theory. For 10 points, name this theoretical formalization in physics which offers that due to available symmetries and conservations in field theory, space-time transformations can be performed without the loss of descriptive validity.
Answer: Gauge
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The film opens with the adult Huw [Hugh] packing some books and clothes in his mother's shawl, which prompts him to recollect his lost childhood. He describes his stern father, played by Donald Crisp, and reveals how the coal slag had not begun to blacken the beauty of his village. Wage cuts by the mine owners, prompt the sons to talk of unionization and the father describes it as "socialist nonsense" and will have none of it; this eventually leads to the sons departing for America to find their fortune. Near the end of the film, Huw suffers paralysis of his frozen legs which he got from saving his mother from a fall into an icy pond. It stars Walter Pidgeon as Mr. Gruffydd and Maureen O'Hara as Angharad Morgan. Based on Richard Llewellyn's novel of the same name, FTP, give this 1941 Best Picture Winner that garnered John Ford his third Best Director Oscar.
Answer: How Green Was My Valley
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This work describes a number of figures who travel to Palestine, some to visit the river Jordan and others to kill some heathens in the Land of the Saracens, referred to as Serkland. In the preface, the author distinguishes two ages based on funerary rites, the Age of Burning and, after the death of a major figure, the Age of Cairns. Many of the figures described die in drunken accidents including Fjolne who drowned by slipping into a vessel of mead. At the start of the narrative, only the god Freya is alive and thus all women of distinction are named after her. Its title, translating as "earth's circle," is taken from a passage in the first line. It ends with the reign of Magnus Erlingson in the 12th century after beginning in 850 CE with the saga of the Yngling dynasty. FTP, name this Old Norse historical narrative about the various exploits of Norwegian kings, written by Snorri Sturluson.
Answer: Heimskringla
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This poem recalls that "the sky gathered again and the sun grew round that very day," and "it was shining, it was Adam and maiden." The poet was "huntsman and herdsman, the calves sang to [his] horn," and he was "green and carefree, famous among the barns." Written in the same year as its poet's "In My Craft or Sullen Art," it remembers "the sun that is young once only" and notes that "nothing I cared, in the lamb white days" and "time held me green and dying though I sang in my chains like the sea." Describing a summer farm rented by the poet's aunt, FTP, name this poem which begins "now as I was young and easy under the apple boughs about the lilting house," written by Dylan Thomas.
Answer: "Fern Hill"
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The losing side in this battle was armed with 18-foot pikes instead of their usual schiltrom spears and the brief training by the Comte d'Aussi was inadequate. In addition, the opposing side outflanked the attacking army by crossing the River Twill at Twizel Bridge, nullifying the superior position of their artillery. Its immediate pretext was the murder of the warden Robert Kerr by John Heron, though it was really a consequence of the alliances drawn up due to the continental War of the League of Cambrai. The English troops were commanded by Thomas Howard, the Earl of Surrey and his opponents included the Earls of Home and Huntley, who led a famous charge. FTP, name this 1513 battle where King James IV was killed, the largest battle ever fought between England and Scotland.
Answer: Battle of Flodden Field
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One character in this work attempts to be nice to a boy she calls a gypsy, noting that she raised him as her own after finding him in the streets of Budapest. Later, she beats him with a belt and banishes him from the house, and when he returns to find the doors locked, he tries to find the keys in the trunk before waking her up. A reference to her daughter Doodley's locket causes Mrs. Nolan to sit up, only to be contained by the Gobineaus, who still don't believe that their son Mickey's laugh was the same voice as that which sang "Mother, Mother, Where Are You." The same inability to believe colors the judgment of the drunken Baba who, after shooting Toby, asks "was it you?" and sings "I've Killed the Ghost." Monica sings "O Black Swan" to calm down her mother, who claims her throat was clutched, and later she flirts with the deaf Toby by dancing "Monica's Waltz." FTP, name this opera which features Madame Flora in a trance, a work by Gian Carlo Menotti about seances.
Answer: The Medium
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After myristate anchors ARF to the Golgi, the binding of this molecule to ARF allows that protein to insert its N-terminal domain into the bilayer, which is a vital step in COPI ["cop one"] and clathrin assembly. The Sec12 exchange factor plugs this molecule into Sar1, which allows Sec23/Sec24 coat proteins to form the COPII coat. It is used by eIF2 and eIF5 in translation, while Rho uses it to regulate actin polymerization, and it also caps stable microtubules. The nuclear transport protein Ran and the MAP kinase activator Ras are active when bound to it, and it is generated by succinyl-CoA synthetase in the Krebs cycle. GAP hydrolyzes it, and GEF allows its exchange, especially in the regulation of certain namesake hetero-trimeric proteins. FTP, name this molecule containing a purine bound to 3 phosphoryl groups, similar to ATP.
Answer: GTP [or Guanidine Triphosphate; or Guanosine Triphosphate]
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After one character in this play beseeches "life, world, heavens, hell, night, and day" to "see, search, show, send, some man, some mean, that way," he receives a letter that was found by the hangman on a prisoner who was awaiting the arrival of a box that turned out to be empty. Bazulto's visit shames the protagonist, who ends up biting his own tongue after he performs the deed, and asks for a knife to sharpen a pen, but uses it to stab himself instead. The role that Serberine and Pedringano play in the death of a character is revealed to Don Andrea's ghost, who is allowed to return to seek closure when sanctioned by Persephone. During the performance of Solyman and Perseda, Lorenzo and Balthazar are killed in their roles by Bel-imperia and her accomplice, a mad marshal in charge of court entertainment. FTP, name this play about the vengeance taken by Hieronimo for his son's death, a work of Thomas Kyd.
Answer: The Spanish Tragedy
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Jacques-Andre Boffard that appear in this work, along with an anonymous photograph of a bronzed glove. The title character's name is taken from a patient who suffered from body dysmorphic disorder and had gone to see the psychoanalyst Pierre Janet, a man who had treated the author's friend Raymond Roussel. The main character is literally the author himself, and he mentions his previous works like Les pas perdu and his friends Louis Aragon and Andre Derain, as he embarks on a 10-day liaison with the title mysterious woman. FTP, name this surrealist novel by Andre Breton.
Answer: Nadja
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This man briefly lived in a marijuana-growing commune run by Mike and Jan, until the undercover cop Eddie busted the operation. When his science teacher, Gellert, shows him a brochure for the Mittelos Laboratories summer Camp, he yells "don't tell me what I can't do!," a sentiment he often repeats later. He once joined an anger management group where he met his most serious girlfriend, Helen, who refused this man's marriage proposal because of his obsession with his father. During this man's rehabilitation, he met Mr. Abaddon, who suggested that he go on an Australian walkabout, an event that would lead to his miraculous recovery from a crippling spinal injury. FTP, name this bald former cripple from the television show Lost, who shares his name with the author of Two Treatises of Government.
Answer: John Locke
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Interesting characters in this culture's mythology include Aha-Njoku, the goddess of yams, and the supreme god, Chineke, and their religion is called Odinani. One early state of this kingdom was known for its Ikenga cults and its pacifism and was known as Nri. Izuogo Mgbokpo and Chief Iheme were among the leaders of one of their subgroups, the Aro, who formed a vast slave-trading confederacy in western Africa that was wiped out by the British in 19 Prominent members of this ethnic group in the 20th century include Nnamdi Azikiwe -- the first president of his country -- General Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi, and his subordinate, Colonel Ojukwu. Mainly Christian and concentrated in the southeastern portion of Nigeria, FTP, identify this ethnic group best known for creating the breakaway state of Biafra.
Answer: Igbo people [accept Ibo]
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It is home to Hotel Thornleigh's Pompeian barber shop, which boasts of the prettiest manicure girls in the state, including one who frequents Biddlemeier's Inn, the pert Pole Ida Putiak. One of its contenders for mayor reads The Way of All Flesh, and Rev. Beecher Ingram preaches free love and sedition. Its national guard is controlled by Caleb Nixon of the Pullmore Tractor Company, and Clarence Drum wants to use it to crush the strikers. The view of Tanner's hill from Cavendish apartments prompted a visitor to call a plumber, buy enormous amounts of food, and smoke cigars in an attempt to woo Tanis Judique. The "olllle-ways" speaking Opal Emerson Mudge of the American New Thought League spoke at its League of the Higher Illumination, prompting one listener to quarrel with his wife Myra. FTP, name this city home to Seneca Doane and Paul Riesling, whose most famous inhabitant is realtor George Follansbee Babbitt.
Answer: Zenith
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This class of compounds can be formed by using a catalyst based on fructose in a reaction between oxone and olefins, or by reacting a carbonyl compound with a sulfonium yllide. Besides the Shi and Johnson-Corey-Chaykovsky reactions, they can be enantio-selectively formed in either the Jacobsen or Sharpless reactions, while the most typical way to form them proceeds via the butterfly mechanism and is sometimes named for Prilezhaev. That reaction sees a peroxy-acid react with an alkene, and they can also be formed by an intra-molecular Williamson ether synthesis. FTP name these highly strained compounds that can be opened or reduced into alcohols, defined as cyclic three-membered ethers.
Answer: epoxides [or oxiranes]
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This work outlines the overcoming of the epistemological problem by discussing the concept of life in the work of Count Yorck. It opens by questioning one of the title concepts as it emerges in art, and describes the sensus communis as a precursor to an understanding of culture or bildung. The last chapter is devoted to elucidating the connection between ontology and Language and states, "[the] Being that can be understood, is Language." Claiming that there is no way to overcome our "historically mediated consciousnesses;" the author proposes that the second title concept, which is intended to rigorously reveal the first title concept, "instead?conceals it" - and that the central process of the interpretation of texts involves the fusions of horizons. Published in 1960 by a student of Martin Heidegger, FTP, name this magnum opus of philosophical hermeneutics by Hans-Georg Gadamer.
Answer: Truth and Method [or Warheit und Methode]
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This artist's early paintings like Becoming and Passing and his only sculpture, The Bust of Nietzsche, display his interest in philosophy. A scythe-holding figure in a skeletal Halloween costume appears in his Seven Deadly Sins, a work painted at Lake Constance, where he moved later in life. His more political works include 50 Goyaesque etchings entitled Der Kreig; a depiction of crippled war veterans, The Skat Players; and the haunting Stormtroopers Advancing Under Gas. His post-war works include the Metropolis Triptych and a work in which he depicts his subject as a ghoul, the Portrait of the Journalist Sylvia von Harden. FTP, name this man whose work was declared degenerate in 1933, a German painter and printmaker who along with figures such as Anton Raderscheit and George Grosz, was an influential member of the New Objectivity movement.
Answer: Otto Dix
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Immediately after this man's first political action, a defense of the Kansas-Nebraska Act in Van Buren county, he had an epiphany and campaigned for his opponent, George McCrary. His political mentor, Samuel McAchran, was a member of the secret Brotherhood of the Union, which eventually merged into the Republican Party. The author of A Call to Action, among this man's final actions was campaigning with Vice Presidential candidate John W. Kern. Earlier, he rejected the nomination of Arthur Sewall in 1896 as a pander to the Democratic Party by Bryan. Best known for headlining tickets with Benjamin Chambers and James Gaven Field, FTP, name this man who succeeded Peter Cooper as the presidential candidate for the Greenback Party in 1880 and, in 1892, was the first candidate for the Populist Party.
Answer: James Baird Weaver
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This man discusses the impotence of utopianism, leading to disillusionment and misdirected fanaticism in America in his Political Expectation. His wife's autobiography describes the menage-a-trois, the vulgar Marxist ideology, and extra-marital affairs and is entitled From Time to Time. Hegel's influence can be seen in his discussion of the "fullness of time" known as kairos in his work The Protestant Era, and his philosophy of art was heavily influenced by German Expressionism. Some of his more unorthodox ideas were first described in a 1919 lecture, "On the Idea of a Theology of Culture." In his Gifford Lectures, he developed a "method of correlation" for his interpretation of symbols in the scripture laid out in his three-volume masterwork, which joins his classic treatise The Courage to Be. FTP, name this author of Dynamics of Faith and Systematic Theology, a Christian theologian born in Germany.
Answer: Paul Tillich
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The narrator and main character of this work correctly and somewhat surprisingly notes that a sick child he sees is suffering from Kwashiorkor. That character begins as an apprentice driver and operates vehicles called "Progres," and "Hope Will Victor," - he says that he is "prouding plenty" about his job. Unfortunately, "Progres" breaks down and he is forced to find new employment. He is impressed by the "uniform and gun and singing," and admires a village elder who went to Burma to fight Hitler and took Hitler's daughter as a lover. The narrator, Mene, claims that he "will fight the Enemy to nonsense," but after gaining his profession, he is soon captured and imprisoned. Written by the author of Basi and Company and Songs in a Time of War, FTP, name this work subtitled a "Novel in Rotten English," the most famous work by the executed Nigerian writer Ken Saro-wiwa.
Answer: Sozaboy
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This thinker coined a term which refers to how the ubiquity of a topic leads to a forgetting of its source, known as the "obliteration of incorporation." Drawing a similar analogy as Max Weber does in the Spirit of Capitalism, this man's namesake thesis relates German Pietism to the rise of early experimental science. He also elucidated an effect which describes how more recognized scientists are more quickly credited with discoveries in research than those who are less recognized, known as the Matthew effect. His eponymous deviance typology borrows from Emile Durkheim's concept of anomie, and he offers five reasons for the title events in a 1936 paper, "The Unanticipated Consequences of Purposive Social Action." The father of a Nobel Prize winning economist, FTP, name this author of Social Theory and Social Structure, an American sociologist who coined the term "self-fulfilling prophecy."
Answer: Robert K. Merton
2008 Chicago Open Bonuses by Ahmad
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A former editor at Rolling Stone and Creem, his 1975 work Mystery Train redefined the parameters of rock music criticism. FTPE:,
[10] Name this author and critic of such works as The Shape of Things to Come and The Old, Weird America, which discusses the cultural significance of Bob Dylan's Basement Tapes
Answer: Greil Marcus
[10] In this book, one of Greil Marcus' best known works, he posits punk music as a trans-historical cultural phenomenon and discusses such lovely topics as the Situationist International, and the Sex Pistols.
Answer: Lipstick Traces: A Secret History of the 20th Century
[10] Much of Lipstick Traces consists of a semiotic analysis of this song by the Sex Pistols. After some laughter, the song begins "I am an Antichrist," and then asks "Is this the MPLA, or is this the UDA, or is this the IRA."
Answer: "Anarchy in the UK"
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Examples of this subgenre include Benny Goodman's clever re-imagining of Carl Maria von Weber's "Invitation to a Dance." FTPE:,
[10] Coined by Gunther Schuller in a 1957 lecture, name this form of jazz, which utilizes many components of longer form classical music with more contemporary musical sensibilities.
Answer: The Third Stream
[10] This ensemble, avid practitioners of Third Stream jazz whose members included Milt Jackson and John Lewis, produced such songs as "Django" and "The Jasmine Tree."
Answer: Modern Jazz Quartet
[10] This song, similarly titled to a Mozart work, off Dave Brubeck's album Time Out, begins in 9/8 time and borrows themes from a zeybek.
Answer: "Blue Rondo a la Turk"
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His stories are found in Cruising Paradise, and he won the Obie for his plays Chicago, Icarus's Mother, and Red Cross. FTPE:,
[10] Name this playwright of Curse of the Starving Class, Cowboys, True West, and Fool for Love who also acted as Chuck Yeager in The Right Stuff.
Answer: Sam Shepard
[10] Dodge is responsible for the heinous result of his wife Halie and his son Tilden's incestuous act in this Shepard Pulitzer winner about Vince and Shelly's visit of Vince's dysfunctional family on an Illinois farm.
Answer: Buried Child
[10] This 2004 Shepard play concerns Frank and Emma's involvement in the patriotic American salesman Welch's indoctrination of Haynes in a plutonium experimental research facility in Rocky Buttes, and is all about cows in Wisconsin.
Answer: The God of Hell
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This so-called Third-Wave feminist is the Maxine Elliot professor of rhetoric at UC Berkeley. FTPE:,
[10] Name this theorist whose works include Bodies That Matter and Undoing Gender. Her work focuses on such topics as the discursive limits of "sex" and the nature of identity politics.
Answer: Judith Butler
[10] This first major work of 1990 by Judith Butler problematizes the title concept from the perspective that the actions which "express" masculinity or femininity are constitutive rather than epiphenomenal to identity.
Answer: Gender Trouble
[10] In Gender Trouble, this is the term that Butler gives to the process of expressing gender. Butler connects it to the same-named linguistic idea formulated by J.L. Austin in How to Do Things With Words, in the sense that it brings into being that which is being named.
Answer: gender performativity [accept word variants on performance]
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Although Lydia Glasher made her promise not to marry her man Henleigh Grandcourt, she does it anyways to avoid being a governess when her family loses its fortune. FTPE:,
[10] Name this George Eliot heroine who hesitates when her husband drowns off the coast of Genoa. Though she is free to marry again, her lover decides to engage Mirah Lapidoth.
Answer: Gwendolen Harleth [accept either underlined name]
[10] Gwendolen Harleth was the heartthrob of this charge of Hugo Mallinger, the namesake of the novel by Eliot. He finds out about his own people through Ezra Cohen, and learns from mom that he's a Jew.
Answer: Daniel Deronda [accept either underlined name]
[10] Daniel Deronda is best friends with this painter, who loves Mirah for her singing abilities, but ends up watching her wedding to Deronda with the pianist Klesmer.
Answer: Hans Meyrick [accept either underlined name]
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It was first discovered by some Norwegians in the hippocampus of a rabbit. FTPE:,
[10] Name this process, sometimes dependant on NMDA receptors, whereby repeated stimulation of two connected neurons improves their ability to communicate, which is thought to be behind memory and learning.
Answer: Long-Term Potentiation
[10] This postulate, the basis of BCM theory, states that presynaptic and postsynaptic synchrony allows strengthening of the synapse and leads to LTP, and is named for the author of The Organization of Behavior.
Answer: (Donald) Hebb's postulate
[10] Hebb's postulate is invoked to explain the pattern of competition in the ocular dominance columns in layer IV of the primary visual cortex in this lobe of the brain.
Answer: occipital
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This economic fallacy is named for an action of a careless boy, which the townspeople mistake for providing positive benefit, since it provides work for the glazier, who can buy bread from the baker, who in turn can buy shoes from the cobbler, and so on. FTPE:,
[10] Name this fallacy which explains why the title event really provides no benefit to the economy, and shares its name with an equally stupid idea of George Kelling on how crime happens.
Answer: Broken Window Fallacy (or accept "Broken Windows" or "Parable of the Broken Window")
[10] The Broken Window fallacy was elucidated by Henry Hazlitt in Economics in One Lesson after it had been initially described by this great 19th century French economist. He wrote a satirical "Petition of the Candlemakers" in which he decried protectionism.
Answer: Frederic Bastiat
[10] Bastiat laid out the broken window argument in this 1850 essay that also discusses the disbanding of troops, the question of Algeria, and offers generally that the hidden consequences of actions are more telling than the visible ones.
Answer: "That Which is Seen, and That Which is Not Seen" (accept slightly differing translations including "What is Seen and What is Unseen," or "Ce qu'on voit et ce qu'on ne voit pas")
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Name the following figures associated with the formative stages of the Soviet Union, FTPE.,
[10] Killed in Mexico in 1939, this man was the head of the Red Army during the Civil War and fled Russia after losing power to Stalin.
Answer: Leon Trotsky [accept Lev Bronstein]
[10] Allied with Trotsky against Stalin, she was Lenin's wife and took a special interest in education and literacy.
Answer: Nadezhda Krupskaya
[10] He was the main Soviet commander during the Polish-Soviet war in 1920, and his theory of deep operations was essential to Soviet strategy during World War II, but he was killed during Stalin's great purge.
Answer: Mikhail Tukhachevsky
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Name these poets who are counted among the Nine Lyric Poets of archaic Greece, FTPE.,
[10] Likely born in Cynocephalae in the 6th century B.C. this author of the Victory Odes supposedly had his house saved in Thebes by Alexander the Great out of respect and admiration for him.
Answer: Pindar
[10] An old English drinking song, the tune of which is the basis for the "Star-Spangled Banner" is dedicated to this Greek poet from Teos who wrote effusively about wine and love. He was a member of the court of Polycrates.
Answer: Anacreon
[10] This supposed contemporary of Sappho and Alcaeus wrote on many mythological topics and Suidas claims that his works were collected in 26 volumes. These include his long poem Geryoneis, about Heracles' adventures, and Funeral Games for Pelias, about the Argonauts. He was also said to have written an ode in degradation of Helen.
Answer: Stesichorus
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He was briefly imprisoned at Sachsenhausen Concentration camp after being arrested during Kristallnacht. FTPE:,
[10] Name this thinker who added on to Maimonides list of 613 mizvot by offering that continuing to live a Jewish life after the atrocities of the Shoa and thus denying Hitler any posthumous victory is the 614th commandment.
Answer: Emil Fackenheim
[10] Emil Fackenheim's theological stance lies in contradistinction to this Holocaust theologian and former chair of the FSU Religious Studies department, whose work The Cunning of History describes the Holocaust ultimately as a consequence of modernity and bureaucracy.
Answer: Richard L. Rubenstein
[10] Richard Rubenstein takes aim at Fackenheim's theological views in a work which suggests that the only logical response in the wake of a certain atrocity is to reconsider and reject the Covenant. Rubenstein titled his book after this infamous concentration camp.
Answer: Auschwitz (After Auschwitz is the book)
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It focuses on the altogether disconcerting relationship between a brother and sister, Paul and Elizabeth. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1929 novel or the proto-French new wave film released in 1950 directed by Jean-Pierre Melville, which tracks the erotically tinged arrested development of the main characters.
Answer: Les Enfants Terribles [accept The Incorrigible Children or The Holy Terrors]
[10] This director wrote the original 1929 novel Les Enfants Terrible and the screenplay for Melville's film and was also responsible for casting the rather stilted male protagonist. His films include the Orphic Trilogy and The Beauty and the Beast.
Answer: Jean Cocteau
[10] This 1934 play by Cocteau, generally regarded as his best, is a retelling of Sophocles' Oedipus Rex, which presents Oedipus as a marionette in a divine play.
Answer: The Infernal Machine (or La Machine Infernale)
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Research into this decorative material won its elucidator a Nobel Prize in chemistry. FTPE:,
[10] Name this valuable type of glass whose namesake color is due to a colloidal suspension of reduced gold salts in the glass.
Answer: Gold Ruby Glass [accept Ruby Gold; or Cranberry Glass/Gold]
[10] Working with August Kundt, this Austrian-German won said Nobel for his work with colloids and Ruby Glass; he is also known for his invention of the slit-ultramicroscope and was the father-in-law of Erich Huckel.
Answer: Richard Adolf Zsigmondy
[10] Using his ultramicroscope, Richard Zsigmondy was able to see individual colloidal particles via the scattering of light predicted by this effect in its namesake cone.
Answer: Tyndall Effect
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The Operating System sector counts as one of these for Microsoft. FTPE:,
[10] Name this bovine appellation given to a sector of one's portfolio or of a corporation's product line which generates high profit margins in relatively low growth industries.
Answer: Cash Cow
[10] Terms like Cash Cow and Problem Child are part of this business typology named after the eponymous consulting group which created it in the 1970's.
Answer: Boston Consulting Group Matrix [or Growth-Share Matrix or accept Boston Matrix]
[10] In the BCG Matrix, this name is given to product lines or particular stocks that generate low or even zero profit margins in low growth industries, and should be considered for divestment or discontinuation.
Answer: Dogs

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