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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 Cardinal Classic Tossups by MIT 2
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In an unpopular move, this man sold Dunkirk to the French, and his wife's dowry included among others the city of Tangiers, ultimately given up after a successful blockade by the Moroccan Sultan Moulay Ismail.With his most famous mistress, he fathered Charles Beauclerk, one of many bastard sons.He formed the Triple Alliance to oppose France in the War of Devolution, and antagonized the Dutch early and often during his reign. After the Dutch sailed up the Thames and sank most of the English fleet, the Treaty of Breda was enacted, ending the second of three wars. He converted to Catholicism in the secret treaty of Dover, although he had earlier agreed to the Solemn League and Covenant. Titus Oates revealed a "Popish Plot" which revealed that his brother was Catholic, and he awarded the Carolinas to the Lord Proprietors. FTP, name this monarch who was targeted in the Rye House Plot.
Answer: Charles II
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Three Dutch mathematicians published a constructive proof of this theorem that used a Coq formalization but no rational numbers, believing them to be irrelevant. That proof built off of one by Hellmuth Kneser and his son Manfred, which used a version of the Durand-Kerner method. A topological proof uses the so-called "growth lemma" to show that if this theorem did not hold, there would have to be a homotopy between two curves with different winding numbers without crossing zero, a contradiction. A proof of this using Galois theory shows that the complex numbers cannot have a finite extension field, and perhaps the most famous proof uses Liouville's theorem to show that if this theorem did not hold, then one over a polynomial would be constant. For 10 points, name this theorem first proven by Gauss that states that a polynomial of order n has exactly n complex roots.
Answer: Fundamental Theorem of Algebra (prompt on "FTA")
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At the end, Andrea is satisfied even though his fiancee has committed suicide. The aforementioned fiancee had faked a romance with Horatio to torture Andrea's killer, while Horatio is defrauded of some of his credit for capturing Balthazar. A father of a hung and stabbed son, as well as husband to a mad wife, receives a letter written in blood from his son's former lover telling him who is to blame. Serberine is suspected of giving the plot away, and Lorenzo arranges for his death, as well as the arrest of Pedringano, despite Pedringano's belief that a pardon will be secured. Bel-Imperia feigns reconciliation with her brother, and she arranges to put on the play Soliman and Perseda. During the play, the Duke of Castille as well as Balthazar and Lorenzo, is stabbed. Hieronimo has avenged his son, and so satisfied, bites out his own tongue. FTP, name this Thomas Kyd play about Iberians.
Answer: The Spanish Tragedy
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In one of this author's short stories, Juvencio Nava is jailed for murdering Don Lupe and guarded by his son. That story, "Tell Them Not to Kill Me!", appears in his collection The Burning Plain. A man carries his wounded son Ignacio on his back to find a doctor in another short story in that collection, "Don't You Hear the Dogs Bark?" In a later work, the titular figure was in love with Susanna, but after her death marries Dolores Preciado. His son later travels to his birthplace of Comala, but only ghosts remain to tell the story of the town's collapse and the titular figure's death. FTP, Juan Preciado searches for his father in Pedro Paramo, the only published novel of this Mexican author.
Answer: Juan Rulfo
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The most famous duet from this work has seen variations written on it by Danzi and Chopin, and is followed by "Ah, fuggi il traditor!". The overture opens with two diminished seventh chords and a D-minor scale, a figure that appears again in the climactic penultimate scene. In that scene, the servant sings "Gia la mensa preparata" to the title character before a murdered character reappears, singing "A cenar teco m'invitasti". The titular sinner is urged to repent, but he refuses twice while his servant Leporello cowers under a table. For 10 points, name this piece with a libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte in which a statue crashes a banquet to banish the title wooer of Zerlina and Elvira, an opera of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Answer: Don Giovanni
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Collections include The Blue Cliff Record, The Gateless Gate, and The Book of Equanimity. According to T. Griffith Foulk, its name derives from a magistrate's bench, that came, via metaphor, to describe legal precedents. In the 18th century, Soto priests compiled and annotated a collection of them known as The Iron Flute. The Rinzai and Sanbo Kyudan sects are also famous for their use. They often include seemingly-nonsense replies like 'dried dung', 'three pounds of flax', and 'Mt. Sumeru', and the purpose is to open the mind and reach a way of thinking similar to the master's. One famous example is 'If you meet the Buddha, kill him'. Said to reflect an enlightened or awakened state, FTP, name these puzzling anecdotes of Zen Buddhism, most famously including various versions of 'What is the sound of one hand clapping'.
Answer: koan
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It was used in a polarizing sermon, and later a best-selling pamphlet, delivered in Boston's Second Baptist Church by John Allen. Daniel Pierce rallied the townsfolk to Sabin's Tavern, where John Brown planned the event precipitated by Benjamin Lindsey's captaining of the Hannah. Eight longboats with muffled oars were prepared used under cover of night and low tide. The best account of it comes from Ephraim Bowen, who also gave Jospeh Bucklin the gun Bucklin used to shoot Lieutenant Dudingston, whose ship had run aground in Namquid Point. The American captain, Abraham Whipple, capture the British sailors and destroyed the vessel in protest of anti-smuggling laws. FTP, name this event in which a British ship was set alight in Providence harbor in 1772.
Answer: HMS Gaspee Affair
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A reaction related to this occurs with copper iodide as a catalyst and uses carbon monoxide to produce benzaldehyde, while another can couple two arenes. Those reactions, Gatterman-Koch and Scholl, use the same catalyst that is the hallmark of this class of reactions. A reaction of this type can also occur between oxalyl chloride and indole, whose product can be hydrolyzed to a carboxylic acid. In the more common variety, a Clemmensen reduction can be used to reduce the carbonylated product, providing an alternative to reacting with alkyl halides where overalkylation could occur. For 10 points, give this class of reactions that use a Lewis acid like aluminum chloride to either acylate or alkylate an aromatic system like benzene.
Answer: Friedel-Crafts reaction
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In this novel, a relative of the protagonist takes in boarders, including the alcoholic white man three boys, all of whom she names Dewey. That woman, Eva, also burns her son Plum alive when he returns from World War I addicted to drugs, while earlier in the novel, another World War I veteran named Shadrack founds National Suicide Day. The title character slices off the tip of her finger when being teased, and later watches her mother burn to death. After leaving her childhood home, a plague of robins is associated with her return, and she is the cause of the separation of her friend Nel and Nel's husband Jude. Earlier, the protagonist had unintentionally caused the death of Chicken Little in, FTP, this second novel of Toni Morrison.
Answer: Sula
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On the upper left, two white clouds are visible against a turquoise sky, which is obscured by trees with orange foliage on the upper right. This painting consists mostly of a gentle sloping hill, thickly applied with green and yellow dabs of paint. This contrasts with the artist's later work, in which he used color to elicit what he called "spiritual vibrations" in the viewer through lines, checkerboards, and geometric shapes. It lent its name to an almanac first published in 1912, shortly after its painter published Concerning the Spiritual in Art. The title figure is on the right holding red reins and riding a white horse in, for 10 points, what painting which lent its name to a group founded by Franz Marc and Vassily Kandinsky?
Answer: Der Blaue Reiter or The Blue Rider
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This man would succeed Hajji Beg as leader of his Barlas tribe, and the death of Tughlugh and his son Ilyas Khoja would bring him to regional prominence. Born near Kesh, in modern-day Uzbekistan, he would sometimes claim to descend from Ali, though this is disputed. He would defeat the Tughlaq dynasty, conquer and destroy Delhi, only to turn on the Ottoman Turks subsequently, whose sultan, Bayezid I, he would defeat and capture in the battle of Ankara in 1402. He would consistently sack the major cities he would conquer, like Damascus, Bagdad and Aleppo and kill the population, with the exception of the artists, whom he would drag to his own capital. FTP, who was this Turkish-Mongol ruler with capital in Samarkand?
Answer: Tamerlane, or Timur
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Paul Chu and MK Wu were among the first to experimentally observe this phenomenon. More than two decades after its discovery, and with PW Anderson, PG de Gennes, and others having studied it,there is still no consensus about how it operates. A particular theoretical challenge is in explaining the pseudogap, which appears in a wider range of conditions than those in which this phenomenon operates. All known materials displaying this phenomenon display a type two interaction with magnetic fields, showing vortex behavior. It is observed in several types of doped copper oxides, and was originally seen in materials containing lanthanum and barium, but better known compounds demonstrating it are YBCO and BSCCO ("bisko"). Discovered by Bednorz and Muller in 1986, FTP, name this phenomenon not explained by BCS theory, in which some materials lose all electrical resistance in liquid nitrogen.
Answer: high temperature superconductivity or high Tc superconductivity (do not prompt on superconductivity)
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The first part of the work is set in a walled garden while in the second part, written by a later author, the Old Woman gives advice about love to the protagonist's companion. The protagonist enters the walled Garden of Love and first meets Idleness, then makes his way to the fountain of Narcissus, at which he sees the title figure in a dream and falls in love. The first part ends with that title figure imprisoned in the castle of Jealousy, while earlier, the young man, known as The Dreamer, is aided by Fair Welcome against Fear, Shame, and Gossip. FTP, name this allegorical poem written by Guillaume de Lorris and completed by Jean de Meun.
Answer: The Romance of the Rose [or Roman de la Rose]
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According to Pausanius, she had an oracle on the acropolis at Megara. In the opening chorus of Aristophanes's Birds, she is considered the first principle and is called the mother of Eros. She is definitely related to Phanes, though accounts vary as to how. She is alternately his sister, mother, daughter, and wife, possibly all four. Her children with her brother include Aether and Hemera, though she parthenogenically produced offspring such as Ponos, Moros, Philotes, Momus, and Geras. Medea's witchcraft gave her a connection to this goddess, and in the Iliad, one of this goddess's sons reminisced with Hera about how he had helped her distract Zeus and barely escaped being smote by fleeing to his mother's protection. Zeus, afraid of this goddess, Hypnos's mother, stayed his hand. FTP, name this Greek protogenos and mother of a slew of ailments placed within a box, the primordial aspect of the night.
Answer: Nyx
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This author used his experiences training as an obstetrician to write his first novel, about a factory worker who has an affair with Jim Blakeston and dies after a miscarriage. A later short story describes missionary Davidson's attempts to convert prostitute Sadie Thompson. Besides Liza of Lambeth and "Rain", this author also wrote about painter David Strickland's journey to Tahiti in a work based on the life of Gauguin, The Moon and Sixpence. In one of his more famous works, World War I veteran Larry Darrell travels to Paris and then India in search of spiritual guidance, while an autobiographical work describes the life of clubfooted Philip Carey. FTP, name this British author of The Razor's Edge and Of Human Bondage.
Answer: William Somerset Maugham
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He split stories into rows and columns, revealing synchronic sequences to be read diachronically. As he focused on the role of myth as a "part of human speech", he relied on many linguistic ideas developed by Saussure and developed the idea of a mytheme. In contrast with Radcliffe-Brown's decent theory, his Elementary Structures of Kinship promoted an alliance theory of kinship. His principle of opposition can be seen in the title of The Raw and the Cooked, one part of his masterpiece. For that work, he spent many years following a single myth's progression throughout North America - the result was the four volume Mythologiques. For 10 points, name this French anthropologist, best known for The Savage Mind.
Answer: Claude Levi-Strauss
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Sacculation of it produces haustra between the taenia coli, and those haustral contractions move chyme every half hour across its semi-lunar folds. It is the most common site of diverticulitis, which results from weakening of its walls and can cause peritonitis if perforation occurs. Resistence to botulism spores is conferred by its normal flora, which also produce biotin, folic acid, and vitamin K. The splenic and hepatic flexures separate its transverse from its ascending and descending portions. Deletion of the APC gene can cause the formation of polyps, and additional mutations in Ras and p53 lead to cancer. The ileocecal valve is, FTP, the entrance of this organ, whose final section is the rectum.
Answer: large intestine or colon
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One of this man's works begins with a cello theme that is usually drowned out in performances and supposedly depicts girls dancing at the Prater, while his third symphony includes a slow movement marked Poco allegretto. His String Quartet Number 1 was analyzed in Schoenberg's book (this man) the Progressive. His fourth symphony begins with alternating falling thirds and rising sixths in the violins, imitating that composer's earlier "Der Tod, das ist die Kuhlste Nacht", and the fourth movement of that symphony is a chaconne. The last movement of his first symphony, on the other hand, sounds so much like the Ode to Joy that it was nicknamed "Beethoven's Tenth". Also responsible for variations on themes of Haydn and Handel, for 10 points, name this German contemporary of Wagner who wrote A German Requiem and the Academic Festival Overture.
Answer: Johannes Brahms
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Indigenous peoples include the Bajau and the Aeta (eye-ta). It includes the Sulu Archipelago, the Visayas island group, and the Pulangi river. The Pasig River divides its capital,and the Cagayan river is the longest river in this country. The country was recently divided into five "super regions", although it has traditionally been split into three pieces that are represented by the stars on its flag. Its highest point, Mount Apo, is a volcano near Davao City on the second largest island of this country. However, the country is better known for a different stratovolcano: the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo came after almost 500 years of dormancy. Its official languages are English and Tagalog, and its largest city is Quezon city. For 10 points, name this chain of 7000 islands with capital at Manila.
Answer: Philippines
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This man served two terms as the governor of New York, where he promoted progressive policies like prison reform, and better treatment for the mentally ill. As leader of the anti-slavery wing of the Whig party, this man voted against the Compromise of 1850 and declared that civil war would ensure if slavery was not abolished. Although he was not able to arrange for the annexation of the Danish Virgin Islands or Panama, this man was aided in his greatest achievement by Eduard de Stoeckl, though Lewis Powell is also associated with this man. A year after he joined the Republican Party, this man lost the presidential nomination to John C Fremont. He also opposed the Fugitive Slave Act, and frequently defended runaway slaves in court, invoking the "higher law" he believed superseded the Constitution. FTP, name this purchaser of Alaska and Lincoln's Secretary of State.
Answer: William Henry Seward
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Davidson notes a 10% dip in its luminosity near 2.7 electron volts, and also points to a gap between 10 electron volts and 1000 electron volts which cannot be filled in by a smooth curve, but the amount of work being done on its expanding components is about equal to its luminosity. Its occultation by Titan was used to show that Titan has 880 km of atmosphere; this worked because the atmosphere absorbed x-rays coming from this object. Its filaments are a well-known example of Rayleigh-Taylor instability, and Iosif Shklovsky showed that its blue glow results from synchroton radiation of particles around a massive object at its center, which gives off radiation every 33 milliseconds and is the namesake pulsar. For 10 points, name this astronomical object designated M1 that was formed by a supernova in 1054.
Answer: Crab nebula
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This man is credited with coming up with the colors of the modern-day French flag (red, white, blue) while commanding the National Guard during the French revolution in 1789. A nobleman with proven revolutionary tendencies, he renounced his title in 1790 and became a member of the feuillants club, pleading for a constitutional monarchy. He also proposed a declaration of rights, allegedly modeled on Jefferson's independence declaration. After temporarily retiring from public service during the first empire, he would return after the restoration as a member of the chamber of deputies; he took up his revolutionary position again in 1830 and led the national guard during the 1830 July revolution, in which he was instrumental in overthrowing king Charles X. He is probably most famous, however, for being the adopted son of George Washington. FTP, who is this hero of the American revolution?
Answer: La Fayette
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Its slogan is `red, black, and rising', and Edward Blount was one of its first chairmen. It diversified by purchasing Hertz lease in Europe in 2002, and Yamaichi in Japan. It employs over 120,000 people, of whom 75,000 in Europe, and its retail division has over 2,700 individual branches. Its shares are traded on Euronext under the abbreviation GLE, and Daniel Bouton, former cabinet director of Alain Juppe, is the current chairman and CEO. In 1999, it tried to merge with Paribas, but was outbid by BNP, and subsequently managed to fend off a hostile takeover by the latter. On Januray 24th, Moody's and Fitch announced that they would lower the rating of, FTP, what French bank, whose trader Jerome Kerviel recently set a new world record for highest fraudulent loss by an individual trader?
Answer: Societe Generale (accept SG)
 
2008 Cardinal Classic Bonuses by MIT 2
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Answer some questions about a physical quantity, FTPE:,
[10] This quantity is defined as the cross product of the position vector and the momentum vector, and can also be written as the moment of inertia times angular velocity.
Answer: angular momentum (DO NOT prompt on "momentum")
[10] In quantum mechanics, the commutators of the angular momentum operators are proportional to this symbol, written as "epsilon sub i j k", which is completely antisymmetric under the exchange of indices. It's named after an Italian.
Answer: Levi-Civita symbol or tensor (promtpt on "antisymmetric symbol" or "permutation symbol")
[10] In quantum mechanics, one can change bases from eigenstates of individual angular momenta to eigenstates of the total angular momentum by use of these namesake coefficients that take 6 indices: j, m, j1, j2, m1, and m2.
Answer: Clebsch-Gordon coefficients
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Answer these questions about a play FTPE:,
[10] Stanley, a failed piano player, is psychologically tortured by two strangers, Goldberg and McCann, which causes him to break the drum Meg has given him and to try and assault Lulu.
Answer: The Birthday Party
[10] The Birthday Party was written by this man, who also adapted The French Lieutenant's Woman to the silver screen and wrote other such works as The Homecoming and The Dumbwaiter.
Answer: Harold Pinter
[10] In this Pinter play, Davies is rescued from a brawl and given a place to stay by the mentally challenged Aston, and his brother Mick. Even when he is offered a job, Davies is ungrateful and tries to separate the brothers.
Answer: The Caretaker
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Identify these pharaohs FTPE.,
[10] Son of Thutmose IV and father of Akhenaton by Tiye, his wives included his daughters Sitamun and Isis. There are more statues of him surviving than of any other pharoah.
Answer: Amenhotep III
[10] The last pharoah of the 18th dynasty, he was originally Tutankhamun's greatest General before being designated heir. However, he only actually rose to pharoah after the death of Ay, who seized control for himself.
Answer: Horemheb
[10] This general and successor of the childless Horemheb would become the founder of the 19th dynasty; he was succeeded by his son, Seti I.
Answer: Ramses I
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Four types of this phenomenon were described in the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844. FTPE:,
[10] Give the name for this phenomenon, in which the world and labour process are estranged from and become foreign to the worker.
Answer: alienation (or Entfremdung)
[10] The aforementioned theory of alienation was developed by this philosopher also known for writing some Theses on Feuerbach.
Answer: Karl Marx
[10] Marx introduced this concept in the eighth section of Volume One of Capital. This is the non-economic act that produces the initial mass of capital needed to set the capitalist dynamic in motion. The canonical example is enclosure in England.
Answer: primitive accumulation (or ursprungliche Akkumulation)
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His designs include the Harbor Towers and JFK Library in Boston, as well as the Everson Museum of Art in Syracuse. FTPE:,
[10] Name this architect, who also designed the newly-completed Torre Espacio in Madrid.
Answer: I(eoh) M(ing) Pei
[10] One of Pei's most well-known designs is this building that has two overlapping glass pyramids attached to several cement-outlined blocks and cylinders. It sits in Cleveland.
Answer: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
[10] Pei also designed an office skyscraper, the EDFTower, that sits in this part of Paris, which lies far the west of the city center and contains a Grande Arche.
Answer: La Defense
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Name these things from ocean circulation, for 10 points each.,
[10] This phenomenon causes windrows, streaks of bubbles aligned with the wind's direction. Variable shear forces form its namesake cells, which are usually four to six meters deep.
Answer: Langmuir circulation
[10] In the northern hemisphere, surface water in these structures moves 45 degrees to the right of the wind's direction, and net transport is at right angles to the wind. They usually extend about 100 meters in depth.
Answer: Ekman spiral
[10] These circular current systems form in large basins, such as the North Pacific, where the Kuroshio and California currents are part of one of these.
Answer: gyre
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During Heinrich's birthday party, Johanna shoots at a former Nazi policeman and Robert adopts Hugo. FTPE:,
[10] This novel, told from the perspectives of different members of the Faehmel family, begins with former Nazi Nettlinger visiting architect Robert Faehmel.
Answer: Billiards at Half-Past Nine
[10] This German author of Billiards at Half-Past Nine is also known for works such as The Safety Net and Group Portrait with Lady.
Answer: Heinrich Boll
[10] This Boll work begins with the titular housewife confessing to the murder of a tabloid journalist who had portrayed her as a rabid Communist.
Answer: The Lost Honor of Katharina Blum or How Violence Can Develop and Where It Can Lead
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Identify these things related to dualistic heresies FTPE,
[10] This dualistic Christian sect of the 11th to 13th centuries was mercilessly crushed by a namesake 13th-century crusade.
Answer: Catharism [accept Albigensianism]
[10] This is the Gnostic term for the creator deity of the physical universe, introduced by Plato.
Answer: Demiurge
[10] Spearheaded by Amaury de Bene and Giochinno de Fiori, this lay Christian heresy of the 13th to 14th centuries may have picked up its Gnostic elements due to the spread of the Cathars. Some consider their beliefs to be precursors to the Quakers.
Answer: Brethren [or Brothers] of the Free Spirit
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FTPE, answer these questions about tariffs.,
[10] This tariff was the work of Martin van Buren and Silas Wright, and was partially a ploy to have Andrew Jackson elected President. It was the highest tariff in US peacetime history.
Answer: Tariff of 1828 [accept Tariff of Abominations]
[10] George McDuffie created this mathematically incorrect explanation of tariffs' effects on cotton growers, saying that a 40% tariff on cotton goods meant that 40% of the growers' cotton actually went to manufacturers.
Answer: Forty Bale
[10] This report of dubiously anonymous origin said tariffs could only be used to generate revenue, not to provide protection, and that the tariff of 1828 was unconstitutional because it favored manufacturing.
Answer: Exposition and Protest [accept Calhoun's Exposition]
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Name the following coenzymes from descriptions, FTPE:,
[10] This compound accepts an acetyl group from pyruvate before entering the Krebs cycle.
Answer: coenzyme A or CoA
[10] Three molecules of this coenzyme are reduced for each turn of the Krebs cycle, and it is regenerated in the electron transport chain of oxidative phosphorylation.
Answer: NAD+ or nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
[10] A B-vitamin derivative, it is required for many oxidative decarboxylation reactions, such as the conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA.
Answer: thiamine pyrophosphate or TPP
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Her novella "The Robber Bridegroom" was adapted into a musical, while she won the Pulitzer Prize for a novel in which Laurel returns to her dying father in New Orleans. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Southern author of The Optimist's Daughter and "Why I Live at the P.O."
Answer: Eudora Welty
[10] In this novel, set in Mississippi, Robbie Reid abandons her husband George Fairchild and Dagney marries Troy Flavin in the titular event.
Answer: Delta Wedding
[10] The central figure of Delta Wedding is this relative of the Fairchilds, whose mother recently died. The novel begins with this girl traveling to the Fairchild plantation on the train known as the Yellow Dog.
Answer: Laura McRaven
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His hair was once compared to "an enormous umbrella, projecting something like a moveable awning over a beak of a bird of prey." Answer some questions about him, FTPE:,
[10] Name this early romantic composer, whose most famous work, which closes with a Witches' Sabbath, is Symphonie Fantastique.
Answer: (Louis) Hector Berlioz
[10] This opera, completed only a year before Tristan und Isolde, tells a similar story involving Didon and Enee, including Didon's lament at the end before she stabs herself. It begins with Cassandre's visions of destruction.
Answer: Les Troyens (or, grudgingly, The Trojans)
[10] This symphony, Berlioz's fourth, is in three parts; the first two are depressing, while the last is an uplifting march in B-flat major entitled "Apotheosis."
Answer: Grande symphonie funebre et triomphale or Grand Funereal and Triumphal Symphony
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It began with a vote of no-confidence in Antonin Novotny. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1968 period of political and economic reform that resulted from new KSC leadership.
Answer: Prague Spring
[10] This man who gained control of the Czech Communist Party in 1968 was later speaker of the Parliament under Vaclav Havel's government.
Answer: Alexander Dubcek
[10] This was Dubcek's plan for liberalization that promised freedom of assembly and implemented the New Economic Model. It also confirmed the country's status as a member of the Warsaw Pact.
Answer: Action Program
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The Lady is separated from her brothers by the titular pagan god in this "masque". FTPE:,
[10] Name this work, in which the brothers, aided by a spirit named Thyrsis and the goddess of the river Severn, free their sister from the title figure's clutches.
Answer: Comus
[10] This author of Comus is better known for his long poems Samson Agonistes and Paradise Lost.
Answer: John Milton
[10] This elegy was written by Milton after his friend Edward King drowned. Written in the style of a Greek pastoral, the narrator mourns a deceased fellow shepherd.
Answer: Lycidas
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Name these expensive physics projects FTPE.,
[10] Designed to detect neutrino oscillations, this 50,000-ton tank of water surrounded by 11,200 photomultiplier tubes is located deep underground in the Mozumi Mine.
Answer: Super Kamiokande (prompt on partial answer)
[10] This new supercollider has suffered numerous setbacks, but it is expected to be completed in May at CERN; physicists are hoping it will produce a Higgs boson with its 14 TeV energies.
Answer: Large Hadron Collider
[10] Formerly the Space Infrared Telescope Facility, this infrared observatory is in a heliocentric orbit trailing Earth; it was the first instrument to actually capture light from extrasolar planets.
Answer: Spitzer Space Telescope (prompt on SST)
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FTPE, identify these Irish goddesses,
[10] The wife of Midir, due to the jealous meddling of Midir's first wife, Fuamnach, she was transformed into a series of forms and eventually into a mortal, at which point she lost her memory and wedded High King Eochaid Airem until Midir found her and transformed her into a swan.
Answer: Etain
[10] The daughter of Manannan Mac Lir and Queen of Tir Na Nog, she married the bard Oisin, son of Fionn Mac Cumhail, and they lived happily together until he tried to return to the mortal world and instantly aged into a doddering old man.
Answer: Niamh
[10] A terrifying goddess of war and death, in the form of the carrion crow she is an omen of impending doom. After Cuchulainn rejected her, she engineered his demise.
Answer: The Morrigan
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Name these female psychoanalysts FTPE,
[10] This German neo-Freudian developed a theory of neuroses in such works as Neurosis and Human Growth and The Neurotic Personality of Our Time. She also coined the term "womb envy."
Answer: Karen Horney
[10] This woman studied children in such works as The Psychoanalysis of Children, and is also regarded as one of the founders of object relations theory
Answer: Melanie Klein
[10] This American psychoanalyst was a professor at Berkeley until 2005. Her studies focused on dyadic and triadic first-love relationships between children and their parents as the basis of gender roles. Her best known work may be The Reproduction of Mothering.
Answer: Nancy Chodorow
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It was the first test of von Steuben's soldiers. FTPE,
[10] Name his Revolutionary War battle, most famous for the story of Molly Pitcher.
Answer: Battle of Monmouth
[10] The battle was precipitated when this British commander moved to attack New York City.
Answer: Henry Clinton
[10] Washington arrived at the battle only to find that this American commander was retreating. He was later court-martialed and discharged from the army.
Answer: Charles Lee
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Name these works of Aristophanes FTPE,
[10] In this work, Trygaeus flies on a dung beetle to Mount Olympos for an audience with Zeus and saves the title character from a pit. For his heroism, Trygaeus marries Opora.
Answer: Eirene [accept Peace]
[10] After holding a bucket of charcoal hostage, Dicaeopolis goes to Euripides for advice on how to seem more pitiable so he can escape a death sentence. This play won Aristophanes first prize at the Lenaea.
Answer: The Acharnians [or Akharneis]
[10] Another of Aristophanes's works involving Euripides, this time, the crazy tragedian attempts to escape a plot by the women of Athens intended to seek revenge on him for his portrayal of women as insane sex-crazed killers.
Answer: Thesmophoriazusae [accept Women Celebrating the Thesmophoria]
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Everybody has their own seven wonders of the world. For 10 points each:,
[10] In 2007, a Swiss Company announced a new list of the seven wonders of the world. It includes the remains from this Mayan city, which is well known for its large step pyramid, "El Castillo".
Answer: Chichen Itza
[10] In 1994, The American Society of Civil Engineering made a list of the seven wonders of the modern world that includes this North-American structure, which was recently passed by the Burj Dubai as the world's tallest freestanding structure.
Answer: CN Tower
[10] In 1997, CNN announced their seven natural wonders of the world, a list that includes this Mexican Volcano, which grew from nothing to 1,000 feet tall in 1943.
Answer: Mount Paricutin
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Name these things analyzed using perturbation theory, for 10 points each.,
[10] Examining radial perturbations on a circular orbit can demonstrate this effect, the explanation of which was one of the first successes of General Relativity.
Answer: advance of the perihelion of Mercury (accept similar answers)
[10] In the study of the hydrogen atom, this effect is due to an interaction between the spins of the atom's proton and electron. It is usually treated as a perturbation on the Bohr energies of wavefunctions.
Answer: hyperfine splitting
[10] The standard analysis of projectile motion predicts that objects will follow parabolic paths. The largest correction to this prediction, in most circumstances, is this perturbation, due to the fact that objects are not moving in vacuum.
Answer: air resistance
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Name these paintings by Jackson Pollock, for 10 points each.,
[10] In this pre-drip painting, a red arrow and swirls of black, white, and yellow cover the barely recognizable body of the titular animal.
Answer: The She-Wolf
[10] This early poured painting is one of seven from Pollock's series Sounds in the Grass, and consists of layers of yellow, green, white, and red squiggles encrusting the canvas.
Answer: Eyes in the Heat
[10] Considered one of Pollock's masterpieces, lines of dripped black and white paint overlay a mottled surface of dusty gray and pink in this gigantic 1950 work.
Answer: Lavender Mist or Number 1, 1950

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