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View Packets Tournament Editor
2006 Aztlan Cup Tossups by Jerry Vinokurov
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It can be made from anti 2-bromoalkoxide, but not gauche 2-bromoalkoxide, because the reaction that produces it is stereospecific. Its resins undergo curing by crosslinks to form adhesives. A fumigating agent for seeds and grains, it controls insect metamorphosis, and are formed during enzyme-catalyzed oxidation of aromatic hydrocarbons, leading to carcinogenic products. Formed by oxidation of alkene by peroxycarboxylic acid, and by intramolecular Williamson synthesis, For ten points, name this simplest cyclic ether with formula CH_2-O-CH_2.
Answer: epoxide; or oxacyclopropane; or oxirane; or ethylene oxide
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The fresco above this work in the museum to which it belongs depicts the same scene as painted by Dosso Dossi. Intended to be viewed from a fixed spot, as though it were a relief, the "back" side of this sculpture provides little information. Of the two figures depicted, one has one of his feet off the ground and his arm around the other one, while the other figure reaches for the sky in both hands as she glances over her shoulder at her pursuer. This work is located in the Borghese Gallery next to The Rape of Proserpina, but depicts a scene from the Metamorphoses, which can be seen from the fact that the fingers of one of the titular figures are changing into laurel leaves while her leg can be seen becoming a tree trunk. For ten points, identify this statue depicting the attempted abduction by a god of a nymph, a masterpiece of Gianlorenzo Bernini.
Answer: Daphne and Apollo or Apollo and Daphne
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The occurrence of this condition in labor markets is the subject of a 1997 paper by William Boal and Michael Ransom which gives as examples of this concept professional baseball players and college athletes. When this condition prevails, wages are redistributed from the employee to the employer, and the inverse of the rate of exploitation gives the elasticity of the labor supply curve. It can lead to market failure by restricting the quantity of good purchased relative to a Pareto-optimal situation and can be alleviated in labor markets through a minimum wage. For ten points, identify this economic condition in which there is only one buyer.
Answer: monopsony
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This period saw the construction of the Tenryu Temple, and the establishment of diplomatic contact with the Choson dynasty. One military conflict during this period was preceded by widespread famines and the issuing of the "acts of grace," and this period also saw the flourishing of the renga form under the poet Iio Sogi. It was directly preceded by the Kemmu restoration, during which Emperor Go-Daigo escaped from captivity and attempted to reestablish his reign, and although it survived the Onin War, it collapsed in 1571 with the end of the Sengoku, or Warring States, period. Taking its alternate name from a district in Kyoto where its first shogun had his headquarters, for ten points, identify this period of Japanese history cotemporal with the shogunate established by Takauji.
Answer: Ashikaga or Muromachi period (or shogunate)
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In the last chapter of this book, a letter from Rankeillor to a lawyer is intended to help provide legal representation to the main character. An ambush set by the Vourich clan, led by Cluny, leads to the main character being carried to Ben Alder, and the showing of a silver button early in this work leads to the granting of information by Macrob. The Appin murders provide the backdrop for the conflict between the Campbells and the Stewarts, and the titular action is performed by Hoseason at the behest of Ebenezer. Followed in 1893 by a sequel named for James More's daughter, Catriona, for ten points, identify this novel about Alan Breck Stewart and David Balfour, written by Robert Louis Stevenson.
Answer: Kidnapped
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The recent papal encyclical Deus Caritas Est contains an explication of this text in its sixth section. This work's first section includes a comparison with a "cluster of camphire in the vineyards of Engedi," while in the fifth section, the speaker claims to have "gathered my myrrh with my spice? eaten my honeycomb with my honey." The seventh section compares the addressee's nose with "the tower of Lebanon which looks towards Damascus," and in several sections, the daughters of Jerusalem are enjoined to not "stir up, nor awake" the speaker's love. With its second section beginning, "I am the rose of Sharon and the lily of the valleys," for ten points, identify this sexy Old Testament text which belongs to the Ketuvim and which together with Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, and Esther makes up the Megillot.
Answer: Song of Solomon or Song of Songs or Canticle of Canticles or Shor Ha'sharom (I think this is right, my Hebrew is not so good)
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One relation bearing this name is the differential equation "y-prime plus p of x times y equals q of x times y to the nth power." Using another relation of this name, Torricelli's theorem can be derived, and this relation itself can be derived by integrating over all space and assuming that the body force is only due to gravity. Since it is only applicable to stead, incompressible, inviscid flows, all time derivatives in the Navier-Stokes equations can be set to zero, and this relation, which expresses the conservation of energy, may be obtained through integration along a streamline. For ten points, identify this theorem as a consequence of which pressure drops with increased fluid velocity, named for Swiss physicist Daniel.
Answer: Bernoulli equation or principle
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One conflict of this name featured the 197 B.C.E. battle of Cynoscephalae and was also known as the Second Macedonian War after the leader of one side, Philip V of Macedon. A more famous conflict of this name was followed by the Mithridatic War, and that conflict itself grew in part out of the opposition of Lucius Philippus to a set of reforms proposed by Marcus Livius Drusus. That conflict featured the declaration of a new state in Corfinium and the ultimate defeat of the Marsi and the Samnites by armies under Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo and Lucius Cornelius Sulla. Ending with Roman victory and the passage of the Julian law granting citizenship, for ten points, identify this 90 to 89 B.C.E. revolt of the Italian allies of Rome.
Answer: Social War or Marsic War or Italic War
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One of this band's songs references the divisions between Northern and Southern California, amid chants of "40 million daggers," and "we want two states." Another song concerns a group of "Southern boys just like you and me," and describes General Sherman's encounter with R.E.M. during his march through Georgia. Formed in Stockton, California, this band replaced drummer Gary Young with Steve West following the tour for their first album, Slanted and Enchanted, which was followed up with 1994's Crooked Rain, Crooked Rain. Other albums by this group include Brighten the Corners, and their last effort, Terror Twilight, before they split up in 1999 and their lead singer formed The Jicks. For ten points, identify this indie band fronted by Stephen Malkmus.
Answer: Pavement
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Two English-language collections of this writer's work are Inside the Monster and Our America. A sometime writer for the Buenos-Aires newspaper La Nacion, this man's other writings include essays on Emerson and Whitman, and he was exiled by Antonio Guzman Blanco from Venezuela for the political stance of his journal, The Venezuelan Review. In one of his most famous poems, this man writes that he will cultivate a white rose for both his friends and his enemies, while another of his poems from his Versos Sencillos was put to music as the song "Guantanamera." Best known for his collection of poetry Versos Libres, for ten points, identify this poet, who was killed in the battle of Dos Rios in 1895, fighting for the independence of his home country, Cuba.
Answer: Jose Julian Marti y Perez
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One exponent of the "new" form of this philosophy was James Frederick Ferrier, who paradoxically described Berkeley as the "champion" of this philosophy. It was also espoused by James Oswald in his Appeal to it on Behalf of Religions, and its most famous promulgator defended it in such works as Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man and An Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of this philosophy. Arising as a reaction to both Humean scepticism and Berkeleyan idealism, its main tenet was that sensations make people directly aware of the real nature of objects, and it was the official philosophy of France from 1816 to 1870. Most famously associated with Thomas Reid and the Scottish philosophers of the 18th and 19th centuries, for ten points, identify this philosophical school which shares its name with a Thomas Paine pamphlet.
Answer: common sense
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Possessing a filled peritoneum, this phylum of animals include the fish-invading Monogenea and the parasitic flukes like Schistosoma found in class Trematoda. Ganglia of neurons, ventral nerve cords, and eyespots make up its nervous system, while networks of protonephridia capped by flame cells make up its excretory system. Scolex heads and proglottid sex organs characterize the class Cestoidea of tapeworms, while free-living Dugesia and other planarians make up Turbellaria. For ten points, name this acoelomate, triploblastic, bilaterally symmetric phylum of flatworms.
Answer: Platyhelminthes; prompt on "flatworm"
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Coined as a term by Henry-Russell Hitchcock and one of its primary exponents, a major Dutch figure of this movement was Jacobus Oud, who was one of the contributors to the Weissenhof Estate exhibition. Some examples of it is the Fagus Works, while another is Harvard's Graduate Center, and one of its most famous constructions is building sitting on pilotis with cantilevered floors to permit long strip windows, located in Poissy, France. Typical constructions associated with this movement are rectilinear and stripped of ornamentation, and one of its tenets was that the form of a building should grow out of the material from which it is constructed. Exemplified by such constructions as the Lake Shore Drive apartments in Chicago, the Seagram building, and the Villa Savoye, for ten points, identify this architectural style, represented by cosmopolitans like Philip Johnson, Mies van Der Rohe, and Le Corbusier.
Answer: International Style
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This country's only World Cup appearance came in 1938, when it beat Romania to advance to the quarterfinals only to get destroyed by Sweden 8-0. Its only NBA players were the forgettable Andres Guibert and Lazaro Borrell, and its first Olympic gold medal was Ramon Forst's silver medal in fencing in 1900. Among its more notable Olympic athletes were the 800 m runner Ana Quirot and the high jumper Javier Sotomayor. Perhaps its greatest Olympic fame lies in the strength of its boxing contingents featuring competitors like three time gold medallists Felix Savon and Teofilo Stevenson. Its contingent at the World Baseball Classic is led by star 3B Yulieski Gourrel, but more notable are the players not competing for this country, such as Livan and Orlando Hernandez. For ten points, name this Communist country long dominant in the Olympics whose talent inevitably defects to the U.S.
Answer: Cuba
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In the fifth line, the poet directs an inquiry to the titular concept, asking, "How should he love thee? Or how deem he wise, who wouldst not leave him in his wandering." Another question directed towards the titular concept is, "Why preyest thou thus upon the poet's heart?" and the narrator expresses his desire "to seek for treasure in the jewelled skies." Other questions asked in this poem include "Hast thou not dragged Diana from her car? And driven the Hamadryad from the wood?" as well as "Hast thou not torn the Nyad from her flood?" This poem ends with the narrator bemoaning the fact that the titular entity has taken "the Elfin from the green grass and from me, the summer dream beneath the tamarind tree." For ten points, identify this poem by Edgar Allan Poe, which addresses the title concept as the "true daughter of Old Time."
Answer: Sonnet, To Science
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In Chinese history, this phrase refers to a period of reform during which K'ang Yu-Wei persuaded the Kuang-hsu emperor to issue over 40 edicts following the Sino-Japanese War. This phrase also refers to a period which began with a famous landing at Cannes, as well as a period during which all banks remained closed for a "holiday" until Congress could meet on March 9th. In American history this phrase refers to a time period which saw the passing of such legislation as the AAA, and the NIRA, but the most famous period designated by this name came to an end on June 18, 1815 with the victory of Blucher and Wellington at Waterloo. For ten points, give the shared name of these periods of time, the most famous of which refers to the length of Napoleon's reign after his return from exile on Elba.
Answer: the Hundred Days
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The Jerabek one is the isogonal conjugate of the Euler line while the Keipert one provides the general solution to Lemoine's problem. The Fuerbach point is the center of a rectangular one, while the Poincare disk of this type has a metric given by "dx squared plus dy squared over quantity one minus x square minus y squared." One of them can be constructed from two Dandelin spheres touching the opposite napes of a cone, and a parabaloid of this type is a quadratic surface with equation "z equals y squared over b squared minus x squared over a squared." Also known as the type of non-Euclidean geometry discovered by Bolya and Lobachevsky, for ten points, identify this conic section, defined as the set of all points the difference in whose distance from two fixed foci is a constant.
Answer: hyperbola or hyperbolic
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His name translates as "inside the earth" and he shared the Templo Mayor with another major deity. Designated the eight ruler of the days and the ninth ruler of the nights, five of the eighteen months of the year were dedicated to him, and one way of honoring him consisted of the ritual killing and eating of small idols made of amaranth paste. Similar to the Mayan god Chac, this god originated as a giant toad called Tlaltecuhtli [pron: T-lahl-teh-cut-li] and his companion was Chalchiuhtlicue [pron: chahl-chee-yoot-lee-kew], the goddess of freshwater lakes and streams. Originally a Nahuatl deity and worshipped together with Huitzilopochtli and Quetzlcoatl, for ten points, identify this god who could cause leprosy and rheumatism, the Aztec god of moisture and storms.
Answer: Tlaloc
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One painting of with this English title was comissioned by the Bavarian duke Maximilian and differs from a work painted a year before partly in that the titular action is being performed by a knight. Jean-Leon Gerome depicted a group of five people returning from this activity in 1889, and another painting with this title was executed by Emile Vernet in 1836 and shows a mounted warrior in the left foreground with a raised spear. The artist of the most famous painting with this name also painted a version with the titular activity taking place in Morocco using a rifle, but the more famous version depicts several Arabs with spears attacking the titular beasts, which have downed one of the humans and a horse. For ten points, give the title shared most famously by paintings of Eugene Delacroix and Peter Paul Rubens, both of which depict the attempted killing of certain wild cats.
Answer: The Lion Hunt
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In the first act of this play, a lieutenant colonel says that, "We shall all be forgotten. Such is our fate and we can't do anything about it." After hearing of Andrey's desire to translate a book from English, one of the titular characters claims that knowing three languages, "is just a? useless encumberance," and at the end, another of the titular characters, who is unhappily married to Kulyghin and abandoned by Vershinin, recites the first lines from Pushkin's Ruslan and Lyudmilla. Finally, Solyony kills Teuzenbach in a duel, and as the doctor Chebutykhin, reading the paper, says "Nothing matters," Olga exclaims, "If only we knew." For ten points, identify this play about the titular group of siblings, written in 1901 by Anton Chekhov.
Answer: Three Sisters or Tri Sestry
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The site of Afrosiab, two kilometers outside of the center of this city, is home to this city's ancient ruins and in a nearby structure is a fifty foot sarcophagus which purportedly contains a perpetually growing body, taken from Susa, of the prophet Daniel. The oldest standing buildings here date from the 1380's, and the grave of one of the Prophet's cousins, Qusam ibn-Abbas is located in the Shahr-I-Zindah. The most famous mosque here is dedicated to the Chinese Bibi-Khanym and the Guri Amir Mausoleum was the site of a 1941 inspection led by Mikhail Gerasimov analyzing the remains of this city's two most famous rulers. Home to the Ulugh Beg Medrese and the Registan, this is, for ten points, what city, the capital of Timur, presently situated in Uzbekistan.
Answer: Samarkand or Marakanda
2006 Aztlan Cup Bonuses by Jerry Vinokurov
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Answer some questions about the works of James Baldwin, for ten points each.,
[10] This 1985 Baldwin work takes its title from the epistle to the Hebrews and concerns the Atlanta child murders.
Answer: The Evidence of Things Not Seen
[10] Baldwin is more famous for this 1963 work consisting of the two essays, "My Dungeon Shook," and Down at the Cross," and predicts massive social unrest if racial tensions are not ameliorated.
Answer: The Fire Next Time
[10] Comprising five parts, including three chapters entitled "The Prayers of the Saints," this Baldwin novel examines the lives of John, Elizabeth, Gabriel, and Florence.
Answer: Go Tell It on the Mountain
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Answer some questions related to ancient Egypt, for ten points each:,
[10] Identify the pharaoh who came to power after the death of Hatshepsut, whose images he ordered destroyed.
Answer: Thutmose III
[10] A successful general, Thutmose undertook 17 military campaigns in all. He is most famous for this battle which saw the defeat of the king of Kadesh and the Mitanni at a site southeast of present-day Haifa.
Answer: Megiddo
[10] Thutmose also built an addition to the Temple of Amon at Karnak and erected these two obelisks which adorned the temple of the sun-god at Heliopolis. One of them is now in New York, while the other is in London.
Answer: Cleopatra's Needles
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It begins with the besting of Max by the peasant Kilian and ends with the death of Kaspar, who had tricked Max into coming to Wolf's Glen. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this opera, in which an exhibition before Prince Ottokar leads to the suspension of the test shot.
Answer: Der Freischutz or The Free-shooter
[10] This composer of Variations in C on an Original Theme composed Der Freischutz
Answer: Carl Maria von Weber
[10] Before his death from tuberculosis in 1826, von Weber also composed this opera, based on a book by Helmine von Chezy, concerns the conflict between Eglantine and the title character, who both love Adolar.
Answer: Euryanthe
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Identify these people who have recently been guests on the Daily Show, for ten points each:,
[10] This toady was on the Daily Show on January 23rd to promote his ass-kissing book, Rebel-in-Chief: Inside the Bold and Controversial Presidency of George W. Bush.
Answer: Fred Barnes
[10] This failure of an occupier was on the Daily Show on January 17. His book is entitled My Year in Iraq, and he replaced Jay Garner as Iraq's administrator in May of 2003.
Answer: Lewis Paul Bremer III
[10] This reporter, who helped break the NSA wiretapping story in his State of War, was on the show on January 9th. Commentary magazine recently suggested he should be charged under the Espionage Act.
Answer: James Risen
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Its B receptors are G protein coupled. Found in the retina, its C receptors have rho subunits, and are sensitive to imidazole-4-acetic acid instead of bicuculline. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this most common inhibitory neurotransmitter, which binds mostly to the A receptors, an alpha-2-beta-2-gamma-1 pentamer whose agonists include isoguvacine, THIP, and muscimol, isolated from the hallucinogenic mushroom Amanita muscaria.
Answer: GABA; or gamma-aminobutyric acid
[10] This other common inhibitory neurotransmitter binds to alpha-3-beta-2 receptors whose agonists include beta-alanine and taurine. Name this simplest amino acid.
Answer: glycine
[10] Unlike picrotoxin, which blocks cysteine-mutated M2 residues from reacting with pCMBS, this competitive antagonist to GABA-A receptors binds more easily to glycine receptors. Name this alkaloid in rat poison.
Answer: strychnine
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Its first section concerns God, while other parts address the nature and origin of the mind and the origin and nature of emotions. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this book, laid on in axioms and propositions, whose most famous section is probably the one called "Of Human Bondage or the Strength of the Emotions."
Answer: Ethics or Ethica Ordinae Geometrica Demonstrata
[10] It would be too easy to ask you who wrote the Ethics. Instead, identify this 1670 work by Spinoza, which argued that the Old Testament should be read figuratively rather than literally and that miracles were explained by natural occurrences.
Answer: Tractatus Theologico-Politicus
[10] This early Spinoza work attempts to identify the best mode of perception and states that the true and final good lies in stability of character.
Answer: Treatise On the Improvement of the Understanding: Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect or Tractatus de intellectus emendatione
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It took its name from a location inside a Stockholm cafe which served as a meeting place for artists and various other bohemians. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this 1879 novel about Arvis Falk.
Answer: The Red Room or Roda rummet
[10] This Swedish playwright wrote The Red Room, though he is better known for such plays as Ghost Sonata and Miss Julie.
Answer: Johan August Strindberg
[10] This Strindberg play concerns the questionable paternity of the Captain, who is married to the Pastor's sister Laura, and who goes mad wondering if Laura's daughter Bertha is actually his child.
Answer: The Father or Fadren
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The trial of its alleged plotters was presided over by William Scroggs. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this alleged scheme, in which Jesuits were supposedly planning to assassinate Charles II in order to place the Catholic James II, Duke of York on the English throne.
Answer: the Popish Plot
[10] This man, a renegade Anglican priest encouraged by Israel Tongue, divulged the alleged plot to the Privy Council. Before he was discredited, thirty five people were executed.
Answer: Titus Oates
[10] The murder of this English magistrate touched off the hysteria surrounding the Popish Plot. He was found in a ditch and Miles Prance later confessed to having seen this man murdered in the presence of Catholic priests, though he later admitted he had been lying.
Answer: Sir Edmund Godfrey
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Name these U.S. bays, for ten points each:,
[10] Originally called "Stinky Bay" by the French, it is bounded on its east by the Door Peninsula. Among the towns located on it are Menominee, Michigan and Oconto, Wisconsin and a namesake town.
Answer: Green Bay
[10] Among the notable features of this largest U.S. estuary are the Calvert Cliffs, and cities on its banks include Dundalk, Cambridge, and Yorktown.
Answer: Chesapeake Bay
[10] This bay is the site of the city of Belfast, and is the point at which the namesake river, flowing through Bangor, Maine, meets the Atlantic Ocean.
Answer: Penobscot Bay
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It is the only atom whose energy levels can be found exactly using the nonrelativistic Schrodinger equation. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this element.
Answer: hydrogen
[10] The fine structure of the hydrogen spectrum is the result of this coupling between the intrinsic angular momentum of the electron and the angular momentum of its motion.
Answer: spin-orbit coupling or LS coupling
[10] One way to measure the fine structure constant is to utilize this effect, discovered in a 2-dimensional electron gas in 1980 by Klaus von Klitzing.
Answer: Quantum Hall effect
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He supposedly discovered that humans have two parents and instituted marriage among mankind. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this half-man, half-serpent, the first king of Athens who named the Acropolis after himself.
Answer: Cecrops or Kekrops
[10] Possibly begat by Hephaestos on the goddess Earth, this hero was reared by Athena and gives his name to a temple famous for its porch of the caryatids.
Answer: Erechtheus
[10] A more famous Athenian ruler was this man, who is said to have invented wrestling to defeat Kerkyon, and who abandoned Ariadne after using her thread to guide him through the Labyrinth.
Answer: Theseus
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One of its less-famous administrators was Edward Stettinus. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this U.S. program, authorized by an act of the same name, which allowed U.S. allies not to pay cash for war materiel during World War II.
Answer: lend-lease program (accept Lend-Lease Act)
[10] This man most famously administered the lend-lease program during 1941 until he was replaced by Stettinus. He is also famous for his four years at the head of the WPA.
Answer: Harry Lloyd Hopkins
[10] This man, the leading American diplomat in charge of Soviet relations, traveled to the USSR in 1941 to expedite the lend-lease aid process. He later headed the Paris peace talks between the U.S. and North Vietnam. Motherfucker also lived to be 105. Sheeiiit.
Answer: William Averell Harriman
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Published in Twenty-Five Poems in 1936, its most famous line is its first, after which it mentions, "Dead men naked they shall be one with the man in the wind and the west moon." For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this poem, whose title is its first line.
Answer: And Death Shall Have No Dominion
[10] Identify the poet who penned the above lines, as well as a poem from Deaths and Entrances, "Fern Hill."
Answer: Dylan Marlais Thomas
[10] Thomas is also remembered for this collection of short stories that includes such pieces as "A Visit to Grandpa's," "Patricia, Edith, and Arnold," and "Old Garbo."
Answer: Portrait of the Artist as a Young Dog
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Answer some questions about an important mathematical result, for ten points each.,
[10] It states that for a continuous function on a closed interval, the integral of the function from a to b is the antiderivative at a minus the antiderivative at b. A second theorem with the same name shows that the derivative and antiderivative are inverses of each other.
Answer: the fundamental theorem of calculus
[10] The fundamental theorem can be extended to the differentiable types of these spaces, which locally resemble Euclidean space.
Answer: manifolds
[10] This is the generalization of the fundamental theorem to vector calculus. Green's theorem and the divergence theorem are special cases of it.
Answer: Stoke's Theorem
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Among his works is the Apollo Sauroktonus, but he is better known for a statue depicting two gods, one of whom sits perched on the arm of the other. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Greek sculptor.
Answer: Praxiteles
[10] This is the aforementioned statue, which depicts the messenger of the gods holding a younger deity.
Answer: Hermes with the infant Dionysus (accept variants)
[10] Praxiteles is also well-known for this depiction of a nude goddess preparing for her bath, created for the city by the name of which this sculpture is known.
Answer: Aphrodite of Knidos or the Knidian Aphrodite
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It claims that the titular secret to development is the establishment of strong property rights in order to allow poor farmers to turn their land into collateral for credit. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this 2000 book, subtitled Why Capitalism Triumphs in the West and Fails Everywhere Else.
Answer: The Mystery of Capital
[10] This Peruvian economist, the director of his country's Institute for Liberty and Democracy, wrote The Mystery of Capital.
Answer: Hernando de Soto
[10] The title of this early de Soto work is an allusion to a Peruvian terrorist group and is subtitled Invisible Revolution in the Third World. A second book with the same name by de Soto bears the subtitle The Economic Answer to Terrorism.
Answer: The Other Path or El Otro Sendero
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When France and Spain went to war in 1793, this man sided with Spain, although he later betrayed the Spaniards and went over to the French. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this freed slave, who made himself governor of Haiti in 1801.
Answer: Toussaint L'Ouverture or Francois Dominique Toussaint
[10] Present in the ranks of the first army Toussaint had led was this man, who following the assasination of Jean-Jacques Desalines proclaimed himself king of the northern part of Haiti. His cruelty and misrule is chronicled in Alejo Carpentier's The Kingdom of This World.
Answer: Henri Christophe
[10] Toussaint's rule came to an end when Christophe and Desalines betrayed him to this French general, who captured Toussaint and sent him to France. It didn't help, though, as Desalines and Christophe then turned on this man and defeated him in 1803.
Answer: Charles-Victor-Emmanuel Leclerc
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Answer some questions about the works of Eduard Manet, for ten points each.,
[10] This famous Manet painting caused a controversy with its depiction of a naked woman seated between two clothed men when it was exhibited in 1863 at the Salon des Refuses.
Answer: Luncheon on the Grass or Le dejeneur sur l'herbe
[10] In this Manet painting, the titular child stands dressed in red trousers and a band uniform and has just raised a small flute to his lips.
Answer: The Fifer
[10] Manet became acquainted with the Impressionists through this artist, his sister-in-law, who is known for such plein air works as Peasant Hanging out the Washing and Julie Daydreaming.
Answer: Berthe Morisot
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Give these related terms from photochemistry for ten points each:,
[10] This is the ratio of the power of light exiting a material to the power of the incident light.
Answer: transmittance
[10] This quantity is defined as the negative base ten log of transmittance. It reduces to absorbance only if the incident light is either absorbed or transmitted, not if it is reflected or scattered.
Answer: attenuance
[10] The absorption coefficient is equal to the absorbance divided by this, equal to the integral of the index of refraction with respect to distance.
Answer: optical path length
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Identify these Jewish poets, for ten points each:,
[10] Ted Hughes popularized this man's work in England and America. He is known for such poems as "If I Forget Thee, Jerusalem," and collections like Amen and Love Poems.
Answer: Yehuda Amichai
[10] Together with Shmuel Agnon, she received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1966. She escaped to Sweden during World War II with the help of Selma Lagerloff and is famous for the collections Eclipse of the Star and In the House of Death.
Answer: Leonie Nelly Sachs
[10] The term "Objectivist" was coined in relation to poetry by Louis Zukofsky in an essay on this poet, whose collections include By the Waters of Manhattan and Inscriptions: 1944-1956.
Answer: Charles Reznikoff

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