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View Packets Tournament Editor
2006 Aztlan Cup Tossups by Frankel
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Literature
Shortly after he finished his The Book of Images, he wrote about a titular creature for whom "the world is bars, a hundred thousand bars / and behind the bars, nothing," in a poem inspired by Auguste Rodin's advice that he visit a zoo, "The Panther." That piece is one example of his penchant for poetry giving inanimate objects timeless and lifelike descriptions of action, such as in "The Archaic Torso of Apollo." This theme of his is known as "thing-poems," or "Dinggedichten," and many of them can be found in his collection, New Poems. His main foray into prose is a semi-autobiographical novel about the lonely Paris existence of the Danish poet Malte Laurids Brigge, while his seminal poetry collection was written during his tenure at a castle in Trieste. FTP, identify this German poet of The Duino Elegies.
Answer: Ranier Maria Rilke
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Mythology
His prized possession was once stolen by a demon while he was bathing. He was unable to get Gerra to chase after that thief, who had the power to deflect arrows and was named Zu, so he had Ninurta kill the demon with the help of Ea, to recover the stolen Tupsimati, or tablets of destiny. Attended by his minister Nusku, he once was target of an uprising by the Igigi. It was also he who arranged for the cedar forest to be guarded by Humbaba and had Enkidu killed in retaliation for the killing of Humbaba and the Bull of Heaven. The rapist and eventual husband of Ninlil, he was responsible for unleashing the great flood upon mankind. FTP, name this hot-tempered god of wind and storms, a ruling god of the Sumerian pantheon.
Answer: Enlil or Ellil
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Gacchibowli Stadium is decorated with portraits of the leaders of this organization, whose first meeting had 73 delegates. That initial meeting sprang from negotiations with Lord Dufferin to host a forum to protest such laws as the Ilbert Bill, and was led by Allan Hume, this organization's founder. One later offshoot of it was Subhas Bose's Forward Bloc, and after the death of Lal Shastri, it split into two factions, one named with a parenthetical "R," the other named with an "O," which eventually merged into the Janata Party, who would hand it its first electoral defeat in 1977. With its present incarnation rivaled by the BJP, this is, FTP, what political party, under whose banner Jawaharlal Nehru would become the first prime minister of India?
Answer: Indian National Congress or Congress Party
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Music
The title character sings about his desire to sire six children in "Un Foco Insolito" after being informed a bride has been found for him, leading his nephew to mournfully consider going into exile in "Cerchero Lontana Terra," which is introduced by a distinctive trumpet solo. The title character gets more than he bargained for, being henpecked, slapped in the face, and forced to pay for lavish purchases by his new bride, making him hope for his wife's infidelity as a pretext for divorce. The ruse culminates in the garden with the serenade "Come Gentil" and a love duet, and the title character tries to get rid of his wife "Sofronia" by allowing Ernesto to marry Norina, who was really disguised as the fictitious Sofronia as part of Dr. Malatesta's plot. FTP, identify this Gaetano Donizetti opera buffa about the titular aged nobleman.
Answer: Don Pasquale
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Science
All of them satisfy the Grinberg formula and one of these is possessed by every Platonic solid. Their existence can be guaranteed by meeting either the conditions of Ore's theorem or of Bondy and Chvatal's theorem, and the Smith Network Theorem gives their number as either 0 or even if each vertex posesses three edges. Dirac's theorem, generalized by Posa, states that one of these exists for every graph with 3 or more vertices and a minimum degree of at least n over 2, and one example of a problem that involves finding one of these is the traveling salesman problem. Consisting of a path through a graph that visits every vertex exactly once and returns to the starting point, for ten points, identify this graph cycle named for the 19th century Irish mathematician who invented quatternions.
Answer: Hamiltonian cycle
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Social Science
This phrase titles the first section of a work about That Which is Seen and that Which is Not Seen by Frederic Bastiat, and concerns the impact of the titular concept on the shoemaker's trade. As a theory, this concept has its origins in a 1969 experiment conducted by Peter Zimbardo, in which a car was left without license plates in two different communities. Prominent critics of this theory include Robert Sampson and Stephen Raudenbush, who conducted an experiment measuring perceived against actual disorder, while famous implementers of this theory include William Bratton, the former police chief of New York City and now head of the LAPD. First formulated by George Kelling and James Q. Wilson in a 1982 Atlantic Monthly article, for ten points, identify this sociological theory which posits that ignoring minor felonies, such as the titular shattered glass, generates a perception of apathy and leads to more crime.
Answer: broken window (theory)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Literature
In this novel, Mortimer Lightwood is called to view a find made in the opening scene by a girl named Lizzie and her scavenging father, Gaffer, the rival of Rogue Riderhood. In the process, Lizzie starts making eyes with Eugene Wrayburn, creating a tangential love plot to the story of the protagonist, who seeks to reclaim his role as "The Golden Dustman," which he lost after an assault by George Radfoot, whom he killed in self-defense. While the replacement heir, Noddy Boffin, is the target of a blackmail scheme by the one-legged Silas Wegg, the protagonist woos Bella Wilfer under a false name before reclaiming his true identity. FTP, identify this work in which John Rokesmith turns out to be John Harmon in disguise, the last completed novel of Charles Dickens.
Answer: Our Mutual Friend
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Pop Culture
This memory of this group is honored in a theme song describing how "Eden turned to Hades" and posted on the personal website of E.E. Bell. Once gaining national popularity as an evangelist church as the result of a plan to avoid paying taxes on alcohol, it saw its success fade upon the discovery of photos of its founder dining out with his wife. The rival organization of FANG, it also had its members stage a televised takeover of a Jerry Springer talk show and spearhead the creation of a blue collar baseball league to fill the void of the 1994 strike, where its founder became a star under the mispronounced name "Birdie." Featuring such members as Sergeant at Arms Ike, Member at Large Griff, and Treasurer Bob Rooney, this is, FTP, what anti-feminist drinking club led by Al Bundy on Married with Children?
Answer: NO MA'AM or National Organization of Men Against Amazonian Masterhood
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Upon her release from prison, Gesia Gelfman became one of the more prominent female members of this group, which was infiltrated by a man named Landesen, an undercover agent of the Okhrana. The product of a schism that also produced the Black Repartition, this group published the Worker's Gazette and experienced initial failures in efforts targeting Eduard Todleben and the Kamenny Bridge. Their greatest scheme was initially threatened by the arrest of Andrei Zhelyabov, but with Vera Figner's continued efforts at planning, was carried out by a group of four, with Ignaty Grinevitzky being the direct perpetrator, unintentionally killing himself as well in the ensuing explosion on that March 1881 day. FTP, name this radical Russian terrorist group responsible for the assassination of Alexander II.
Answer: People's Will or Narodnaya Volya
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Philosophy
At the beginning of the second chapter of this work, the author divides the titular subject into naturalistic and metaphysical types, and devotes that chapter to the naturalistic form. This work's third chapter references A.E. Taylor's Problems of Conduct and attributes to the naturalistic fallacy the prevalence of that chapter's subject, hedonism. Its first chapter points out that Henry Sidgwick has been the only one so far to recognize that "the good" is indefinable and the author of this book objects to naturalism on the grounds that "it offers no reason at all? for any ethical principles," and that it is often the cause of acceptance of "false principles." Concerned with the application of logic to questions of conduct, for ten points, identify this 1903 philosophical work, whose title is similar to a later work by Russell and Whitehead and whose author is G. E. Moore.
Answer: Principia Ethica
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Science
The occurrence of this phenomenon with respect to the earth results in the Milankovitch cycles, and a (*) relativistic form of this phenomenon results from the noncommutativity of infinitesimal Lorentz transformations. A more common form of this phenomenon is exploited in such techniques as NMR and has a frequency given by the product of the gyromagnetic ration and the applied magnetic field. It is the term given to the tumbling of an object about an unstable Euler axis, and when applied to a top subject to a torque, it is given by the time-dependence of one of the Euler angles. Coming in Larmor, Thomas, torque-free, and torque-induced forms, for ten points, identify this periodic motion of a rigid body, which on earth is responsible for the shift in the positions of stars over a period of 26,000 years.
Answer: precession (accept "precession of the equinoxes" before *)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Music
Late choral works by this man include the Epitaphium Joannis Hunyadi for voice and piano, and his final piece, a fantasy for mixed chorus and organ, In Praise of Organs. In addition to his Intermezzo for String Trio, he composed two string quartets, the first in C minor and the second having only two movements, though none of those chamber works are performed as often as his Opus 8, a virtuoso sonata for solo cello. Among his larger scale works are his Symphony in C Major, Summer Evening, and Dances of Galanta. Of his two operas, one is entitled The Spinning Room, while the other is the comic tale of a titular old Austrian veteran who tells tall tales about having defeated Napoleon and his army, and is more often performed as a condensed six movement suite. FTP, identify this colleague of Bela Bartok, the 20th Century Hungarian composer of Hary Janos.
Answer: Zoltan Kodaly
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Geography
Among the inlets present in this body of water is Admiralty Inlet, and it is connected to the Kane Basin by the Smith Sound. Towns located on the shores of this body of water include Clyde River and Savissivik, and its west side is home to a similarly-named current that flows south through it at about 11 miles per day. Devon Island and the Parry channel can both be found at its northwest corner, and another inlet of it is the Umanak Fjord. Though its tides are not as high as the Bay of Fundy, they are nevertheless powerful and produce a trademark churning of ice, and on the southeast, it is connected to by the Davis Strait, to the Labrador Sea. Explored by Robert Bylot but named for his lieutenant, for ten points, identify this body of water bounded by Ellesmere Island to the north, Greenland to the east, and its namesake Canadian island to the west.
Answer: Baffin Bay
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Religion
This book's eighth chapter expounds on the futility of trying to understand life's inequalities, penultimate chapter opens with the message that good deeds will eventually bring rewards, saying that one should "Cast thy bread upon the waters, for thou shalt find it after many days," and ends with a carpe diem message to "Rejoice? in thy youth," in its closing section, "Advice for the Young." The preceding chapter, this book's tenth, contrasts the fool and the wise man, and introduces the metaphor of a fly in the ointment. Its overall message emphasizes that true happiness can only be found through faith in God, and not in the pleasures of the earthly world "under the sun." Repeatedly mentioning "vanity" and also called Qoheleth, or, "the Preacher," this is, FTP what Old Testament book allegedly written by Solomon, which comes after Proverbs and offers such pearls of wisdom as, "to every thing there is a season?"
Answer: Ecclesiastes (accept "Qoheleth" on an early buzz, prompt on "The Preacher" on an early buzz)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Social Science
He conducted an economic analysis of weapons production and distribution in Military Spending, which he co-authored with Faye Duchin. Duchin also collaborated with him on a work assessing the possible effects of computer entry into the market on the role of humans in production in The Future Impact of Automation on Workers. The author of Studies in the Structure of the American Economy, he observed that the U.S. was less capital-intensive in its exports than in its imports, despite being the world's most capital abundant country, a challenge to the Heckscher-Ohlin model that became known as his paradox. His most lasting contribution centers on a table showing how the production process of goods is spread out across different sectors of an economy. FTP, identify this Russian economist, who developed input-output analysis.
Answer: Wassily Leontief
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Literature
One of its main characters, who rambles about Minnie and Connie and his desire for a woman, routinely bathes his feet upon coming home to relieve blisters from working long days as a gatekeeper, charged with keeping undesirable minorities out of a public park. When that character seems to find love, he is nervous to learn that her brother Cornelius is a policeman, and blows his money on a suit for the other protagonist to wear for her and thus pose as him. However, Ethel Lange never appears, revealing she is engaged, and ending the romantic pen-pal correspondence that stemmed from her personals ad. Centering on a pair of half-brothers in Port Elizabeth, one of whom can pass for white, while the other is black, this is, FTP, what play about the familial ties between Morris and Zachariah in apartheid-era South Africa, a work by Athol Fugard?
Answer: The Blood Knot
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
His issuing of the Peace of Lorris saw him receive an oath of loyalty from a former enemy, Raymond of Toulouse, and his suppression of a revolt in Poitou inspired the same from Hugh of Lusignans. He renounced claims to Barcelona and Roussillon after negotiating with James I of Aragon for the Treaty of Corbeil, while his major non-political endeavors include ordering the publishing of the Morgan Bible and the erection of the Sainte-Chappelle. The main rival of this son of Blanche of Castile was Henry III of England, whom he would defeat in the Battle of Taillebourg, leading to the Treaty of Paris. Dying while beginning the Eighth Crusade, an attempt to reverse his failure leading the Seventh Crusade, this is, FTP, which 13th Century French king, whose piety made him the only one to become a saint?
Answer: Louis IX (prompt on "Saint Louis")
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Science
These regions project to the thalamus by the direct path through Forel's fields surrounding the zona incerta, and by the indirect path through ansa lenticularis around the subthalamic nucleus. Their cells are divided into cholinergic matrisomes and peptide-rich striasomes, and lesions in them can cause the sinusoidal movement known as athetosis. Lying medial to the claustrum, they contain the nuclei accumbens that connect two of their components, and receive fibers from the substantia nigra. Disorders like St. Vitus dance and dyskinesia are associated with lesions in their components, which include globus pallidus, caudate, and putamen. FTP name these areas of the brain surrounding the internal capsule involved in motor programming.
Answer: basal ganglia
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Art
This central background image in this painting, framed by two walls of shrubbery, is an overwhelmingly lit maritime cityscape, presumably showing a bridge over the Arno. The right background contains a well, next to which is a shadowy man holding a book and staring at the red tunic-wearing man on the left, who carries a flaming heart and personifies love. To the right of the title character is a sundial set at nine o'clock, while the redheaded title character herself, wearing a green and red outfit, sits with her head back and eyes closed in a trancelike state, perhaps foreshadowing her imminent death. A red bird flies in to drop a white poppy in the hands of the title character, who represents the painter's wife, Elizabeth Siddal. FTP, identify this painting that alludes to the poet Dante's love for the title character, a work by Dante Rossetti.
Answer: Beata Beatrix
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Literature
After injuring his head falling off a horse, he later decides to enlist in the Merchant Marines, where a torpedo sinks his vessel, and he ends up stranded in a lifeboat with the deranged carpenter, Bateshaw. Running a scam for textbooks with Padilla and playing an elf for a mall Santa are two of the many occupations of this friend of Clem Tambow and brother of the retarded Georgie, who resists the efforts of Grandma Lausch to groom him into a manipulative social climber. In contrast, he watches as the wealthy Charlotte Magnus is won by his gold-digging brother Simon, while he himself loses his beloved Thea Fenchel and settles for marrying the actress Stella instead. FTP, name this Chicago-born Jew, whose picaresque "adventures" are told in a novel by Saul Bellow?
Answer: Augie March
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
John Mawney and the slave Aaron Briggs provided two of the three American eyewitness accounts of the incident involving it, revealing that planning was done at the tavern of James Sabin. A failed attempt to pursue Benjamin Lindsey had led up to the event, which was incited by John Brown, according to the account by Ephraim Bowen. Joseph Bucklin fired the only injuring shots, but the instigators decided instead to move the crew and tend to the wounds of Lieutenant Duddingston rather than kill anyone. Nonetheless, the men in the fleet of eight longboats under Abraham Whipple, who had set out from Namquit Point to protest its crew's enforcement of anti-smuggling laws, destroyed it in Narragansett Bay. FTP, identify this British ship burned by Rhode Island colonists in a 1772 incident.
Answer: HMS Gaspee
 
2006 Aztlan Cup Bonuses by Frankel
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Their band structure can be derived from the Kronig-Penney model, and they result when a gap exists between a filled valence band and the conduction band. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these types of materials which can be extrinsic or intrinsic, and can also be doped to make N or P types.
Answer: semiconductors
[10] In semiconductors, this eponymous energy level lies inside the band gap, halfway between the valence and conduction bands. It designates the smallest increase in the ground state energy when another particle is added to a system of non-interacting particles of half-integer spin.
Answer: Fermi level or energy
[10] Given a dispersion relation, this quantity can be shown to equal h-bar squared times the inverse of the second derivative of the dispersion relation with respect to the wave-number. This quantity can then enter into a form of Newton's second law.
Answer: effective mass (prompt on "mass")
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Stuff about an old-school playwright, FTPE.,
[10] Over 70 of the short one act religious plays that comprise his Autos Sacramentales still remain today. He also wrote The Surgeon of His Honor and The Daughter of the Air.
Answer: Pedro Calderon de la Barca
[10] The title character of this Calderon play is Pedro Crespo, whose daughter Isabel is raped by the soldier Don Alvaro.
Answer: The Mayor of Zalamea or El Alcalde de Zalamea
[10] King Basilio leaves his son Segismundo chained up in prison under the watch of Clotaldo in this play, but lets Segismundo play at being king for a day.
Answer: Life is a Dream or La Vida es Sueno
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Identify some collections of music, FTPE.,
[10] This J.S. Bach work consists of two ricercares, a set of ten canons, and a trio sonata for violin, flute, and basso continuo, all of which revolve around a single theme Frederick the Great presented to him.
Answer: The Musical Offering
[10] A Jig, Ostinato, Intermezzo, and a Dargasson form this four movement suite, named for the girl's school where Gustav Holst worked.
Answer: St. Paul's Suite
[10] "Solvejg's Song" and "In the Hall of the Mountain King" are the closing movements for the two suites Edward Grieg wrote about this Henrik Ibsen title character.
Answer: Peer Gynt
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Answer some questions about a mercenary, FTPE.,
[10] He was ignominiously executed by the Honduran military in 1860, after having earlier served what was essentially a self-appointed term as President of Nicaragua.
Answer: William Walker
[10] Walker is often labeled with this term for a private mercenary who attempts to engage in warfare against another nation's government. It also describes many other would-be Central American conquerors from the U.S. during Walker's time.
Answer: filibuster
[10] Another infamous filibuster was Narciso Lopez, a Venezuelan-born American solider who led several failed expeditions to seize this country from Spanish control.
Answer: Cuba
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Near the end of his career, he dabbled in primitive anthropology with The Human Legacy. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this man, who made his name as a social psychologist, and studied the mentality of doomsday cults in When Prophecy Fails.
Answer: Leon Festinger
[10] Leon Festinger's main contribution was his formulation of this concept, which describes how a state of conflict that arises in the mind when a person's actions dramatically contradicts his own beliefs.
Answer: cognitive dissonance
[10] Festinger studied under this German-American psychologist, who was influenced by the Gestalt movement, and developed the idea of "life space" as part of his "field theory."
Answer: Kurt Lewin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Name these 1980's hits sang by female vocalists, FTPE.,
[10] Former Go-Go's lead singer Belinda Carlisle had a hit with this song, in which she asks, "Ooh, baby, do you know what's that worth?" and seeks to make the world somewhere where "love comes first."
Answer: "Heaven is a Place on Earth"
[10] The phrase "turn around, bright eyes" is repeated in the background of this rock ballad, in which Bonnie Tyler laments, "Once upon a time, I was falling in love, now I'm only falling apart."
Answer: "Total Eclipse of the Heart"
[10] An allusion to Captain Kirk is made in this German pop song by Nena, where the seemingly innocent release of the title objects into the sky sparks the outbreak of World War III.
Answer: "99 Luftballons" or "99 Red Balloons"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
In 1824, he published his most famous theorem, to which Ruffini's name is sometimes attached. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this Norwegian mathematician who proved that the general quintic was not solvable through a formula involving only radicals.
Answer: Neils Henrik Abel
[10] Abel's theorem relies on the fact that a polynomial is solvable by radicals if and only if this associated group is soluble.
Answer: Galois group
[10] A closed-form solution to the quintic can be obtained in terms of the eta function named for this man, who is more famous for his namesake construction of the reals from the rationals.
Answer: Julius Wilhelm Richard Dedekind
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Name some characters you might find in the Mabinogion, FTPE.,
[10] Charlotte Guest's version appended the tale of this character, who started out as a servant named Gwion Bach, then drank from a potion of the witch Ceridwen and gained the wisdom that would make him a legendary bard.
Answer: Taliesin
[10] This son of Arianrhod was born as a blob together with his brother Dylan. Bloudewedd, a woman created out of flowers, plotted with Goronwy to kill this man, whose name translates as "bright, with a sure hand."
Answer: Llew Llaw Gyffes
[10] The subject of the Fourth Branch is Math, the uncle of this magician, who staged a war with Pryderi so his brother Gilfaethwy could rape Math's ward, Goewin. He would later become the guardian of Lleu Llaw Gyffes.
Answer: Gwydion
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Answer the following about a famous fraud, who isn't Minnesota on CBI questions. FTPE:,
[10] Following the efforts of Lambert Simnel shortly before him, this man claimed to be the son of Edward IV. He showed up at Cornwall in 1497 to challenge for the throne, but was just executed.
Answer: Perkin Warbeck
[10] Warbeck sought to usurp the throne from this king, who rose to power by defeating Richard III at Bosworth Field.
Answer: Henry VII
[10] This king of Scotland took in Warbeck and let him marry his cousin, Catherine Gordon. But after the embarrassing failure of the subsequent Scottish attempt to invade England, Warbeck fell out of his favor.
Answer: James IV
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
FTPE, identify these literary works, all of which were finished in 1923.,
[10] The titular bumbling fool gets drafted into the Austrian army in this four volume antiwar novel. It technically wasn't fully completed in 1923, but that's when Jaroslav Hasek died.
Answer: The Good Soldier Schweik
[10] The title character's addiction to cigarettes, marriage to the unattractive Augusta Malfenti after his failed pursuit of her sister Ada, and a business venture with his brother-in-law Guido Speier are among the stories recounted to Doctor S. in this Italo Svevo novel.
Answer: The Confessions of Zeno or La Coscienza di Zeno
[10] Alquist is the only human left on earth at the end of this Karel Capek drama, in which Marius, Primus, and Sulla are examples of the title characters. Actually, only its subsequent English translation was published in 1923, but the author was short on ideas.
Answer: Rossum's Universal Robots
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Answer some stuff about shitty Dada "artwork," FTPE.,
[10] This Man Ray sculpture is really just an upright clothes iron with some nails sticking out of it.
Answer: The Gift or La Cadeau
[10] This Zurich based-cofounder of the Dada movement issued the Dada Manifesto in 1916. It's also easy to find pictures of him dressed in a stupid ass costume while reading his sound poem, "Karawane."
Answer: Hugo Ball
[10] The top half of this work features one title character "blossoming" in the form of a cloud shaped mass. The bottom half contains a machine to which the nine other "male-like" title characters are attached.
Answer: The Bride Stripped Bare by her Bachelors, Even
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Its highest point is the fort of Landi Kotal, and a railway line through it connects Landi Khana with Jamrud. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this narrow passage which connects Afghanistan with Pakistan.
Answer: Khyber Pass
[10] This Pakistani city is connected to Kabul through the Khyber Pass.
Answer: Peshawar
[10] The Khyber Pass provides the path through this mountain range, which separates Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Answer: Safid Mountains or Morga mountains or Selseleh-ye Safid Kuh, or Selseleh-ye Spin Ghar (ok, my Pashtu is pretty weak, but I'm pretty sure Selseleh-ye refers to "mountains.")
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Answer some questions about cloning FTPE.,
[10] Genomic libraries, or clone banks, often are composed of this kind of DNA, reverse transcripted from processed mRNA.
Answer: complementary DNA
[10] This multi-step process starts when a primer of known sequence hybridizes to a cDNA fragment in an unordered genomic library. Then, new primers are synthesized complementary to the unhybridized end of the cDNA fragment, and hybridized to another cDNA fragment. This process continues until the entire nucleotide sequence is discovered.
Answer: chromosome walking
[10] This technique is used to bypass regions known not to be of interest. Large cDNA fragments are circularized and a primer is made that sequences across the junction. Once clones hybridizing to each of the ends of the primer are found, chromosome walking can start from both ends.
Answer: chromosome jumping
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
This dynasty began with the preaching of Ibn Turmat. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 12th-13th Century Berber dynasty who held their capital at Marrakesh. Under Yakub I, they briefly expanded into Spain after a victory in the Battle of Alarcos.
Answer: Almohads
[10] The Almohads rose to power by deposing this Western African Islamic dynasty, which itself came to power after crushing the empire of Ghana.
Answer: Almoravids
[10] In turn, this dynasty defeated the Almohads by taking Marrakesh under Abu Yusuf Yaqab, and had its own capital at Fez.
Answer: Merinids
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Name these Harlem Renaissance works, FTPE.,
[10] The first of its three sections contains six stories about various rural black women, including "Blood-Burning Moon" and "Karintha." The last section of this Jean Toomer work is Kabnis, a one act play about an educated black man who feels out of place in Georgia.
Answer: Cane
[10] Logan Killicks, Jody Starks, and Tea Cake are the three men at the center of Janie Crawford's life in this Zora Neale Hurston novel.
Answer: Their Eyes were Watching God
[10] "The Creation," "The Prodigal Son," and "Let My People Go" are three of the seven poetic pieces from this collection of "Seven Negro Sermons in Verse."
Answer: God's Trombones
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Here's an uninspired bonus on ancient Greek battles! FTPE:,
[10] Set in Boeotia, this battle saw the Spartan general Pausanias lead the combined Greek forces to a rout of the Persian forces under Mardonius, who was killed during it. On the same day, the Persian navy was crushed at Mycale.
Answer: Battle of Platea
[10] The Peloponnesian War was decided in this battle, where Lysander's Spartan fleet beat the shit out of the Athenian navy near the Hellespont.
Answer: Battle of Aegospotami
[10] The Sacred Band met its demise at this 338 B.C. battle, where Phillip II secured Macedonian control of Greece by defeated a combined Theban and Athenian force.
Answer: Battle of Chaeronea
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Answer the following about portraits with multiple images, FTPE.,
[10] Anthony van Dyck placed three images of this king: one clad in black, one in red, and the other in burgundy in the same 1636 portrait. He also painted a scene showing this king in hunting attire.
Answer: Charles I Stuart
[10] In this portrait, the wife of Diego Rivera can be seen wearing a white European dress on the left and wearing a native peasant dress on the right. Seated on a bench, they are connected by a bleeding artery.
Answer: Two Fridas or Las Dos Fridas
[10] A bisected dual portrait by this Italian painter shows Battista Sforza on the left facing her husband, the red hat-wearing Federico de Montefeltro on the right against pastoral landscape backdrops.
Answer: Piero della Francesca
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Answer the following about a process FTPE:,
[10] This is the general name for any process involving the deterioration or degradation of metal.
Answer: corrosion (accept word forms)
[10] Corrosion occurs because of pure metal's tendency toward this process, the act of losing electrons.
Answer: oxidation (accept word forms)
[10] In this specific type of corrosion, cavities or holes appear and the corroded products sometimes fill the holes. It is often more dangerous than uniform corrosion.
Answer: pitting corrosion
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Answer the following about laws regarding campaigning, FTPE.,
[10] A New Mexico senator lent his name to this 1939 act, which prohibits federal employees from participating in political campaigns.
Answer: Hatch Act
[10] Eugene McCarthy and the namesake New York senator were among the plaintiffs in this 1976 case, where the Supreme Court ruled that while limiting individual campaign contributions to federal candidates was all right, limiting the personal expenditures of candidates on their campaigns was unconstitutional.
Answer: Buckley v. Valeo
[10] The McCain-Feingold act sparked the rise of these unaffiliated interest groups in the 2004 election, named for a section in the tax code providing tax-exempt status. One example is moveon.org.
Answer: 527 groups
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Name these Cavalier poets, FTPE.,
[10] Contrasting poems, one about a cruel mistress, the other a divine mistress, appear in his 1640 collection, Poems, along with one of his erotic poems wooing Celia, "A Rapture."
Answer: Thomas Carew
[10] He wrote the songs "Orpheus to Woods" and "Orpheus to Beasts," but targeted most of his poems at Lucy Sacheverell, whom he called "Lucasta."
Answer: Richard Lovelace
[10] When he was only 15, he published his Poetical Blossoms. His love poetry is collected in The Mistress, but his lasting legacy was his popularizing of the Pindaric ode.
Answer: Abraham Cowley

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