Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_s5j5itfjfs7p76hsbgmqn5j142, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1
View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Regionals Tossups by UCLA and Chicago
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
An early chronicle of this people's history, the `Golden Book' or Altan Debter, is now lost. Their traditions included a cooperative annual hunt, the nerge, and they followed a law code known as the Yasa. To avoid spilling royal blood, they employed a method of execution involving rolling people in carpets, which they used to kill al-Mustasim, the last of the Abbasid caliphs. They were defeated by a force led by Qutuz and Baibars at the 1260 battle of Ain Jalut, and two of their expeditions fell victim to the "divine wind," or kamikaze, during attempts to invade Japan. For 10 points, name this people who held an assembly known as quriltai to elect their leaders, or khans.
Answer: the Mongols
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Interactions which have two of these particles in the initial and final states are described by Moller scattering. Julian Schwinger calculated a leading-order radiative correction for the anomalous magnetic moment of these particles, given by the fine-structure constant over two pi. The use of Stokes' Law to calculate drag force was part of an experiment to determine one of its properties, and they interacted with a nickel target in the Davisson-Germer experiment. Their antiparticles were discovered by Carl Anderson, and the Hall effect shows that currents in metals consist of, for 10 points, these particles whose charge was measured in Millikan's oil-drop experiment.
Answer: electrons
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one of this man's novels, the adolescent Effie Bowen machinates to have her widowed mother, rather than Imogene Graham, marry the American architect studying in Italy, Theodore Colville. This author of the play Out of the Question also described Fulkerson's purchase of a magazine from Dryfoos in a book where a one-armed man named Lindau is beaten by police. Squire Gaylord dies during a divorce proceeding in another of his books. This creator of protaganists Basil March and Bartley Hubbard also wrote of the courtship of Irene and Persis at the home of a Boston paint magnate. For 10 points, name this writer of A Modern Instance and The Rise of Silas Lapham.
Answer: William Dean Howells
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In this work, two characters sing a barcarolle about a gondola girl and "Senator Three-Teeth." The heroine says she is like a fluttering breeze when she rejects her suitor, choosing instead to be impressed by Belcore. Gianetta first encourages the heroine to read aloud a story that attracts the hero's attention, and later reveals that the hero's uncle in Ravenna has died. In the aria "Prendi, per me sei libero," Adina finally admits that she loves the main chracter, who had just recognized her love for him in his aria "Una furtiva lagrima." The title substance is sold by Dr. Dulcamara in, for 10 points, this Donizetti opera in which Nemorino is impressed by a beverage drunk by Tristan and Isolde.
Answer: The Elixir of Love [or L'elisir d'amore]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He is called a "squidgy-nosed old idol" and "white, clear white, inside." He replaced one "Harry By" when he "couldn't serve us all." The poet notes that "you could bet your bloomin' nut, he'd be waitin' fifty paces right flank rear." Called a "Lazarushian leather," he carries the men into safety then asks if they liked their drink. Though he's been belted and flayed, this character from Barrack-Room Ballads does his job on water and "by the livin' God that made" him, he's a "better man than I am." For 10 points, name this Rudyard Kipling poem about a Hindu water boy.
Answer: "Gunga Din"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This word titles the most recent release of Lucky McKee, which is a gender-reversed retelling of his 2002 film May. It also names the former lover of Freddy, who visits New York with Harold Waldorf on an episode of Gossip Girl. This adjective appears in the title of an orchestral work that reuses a saltarello from its creator's opera Benvenuto Cellini. One dish described by this adjective consists of veal rolled with ham and sage and cooked in butter and Marsala. For 10 points, give this adjective that describes a "Carnival Overture" by Berlioz and, in a 1953 Audrey Hepburn film, a "Holiday."
Answer: Roman
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This artist executed the Blue series for the Centre Pompidou and Personages and Birds for the Wichita State Art Museum, while a stuffed parrot sits on top of his sculpture simply called Object. A Jan Steen painting influenced the second entry in his Dutch Interiors series, and he created the ceramic murals Wall of the Sun and Wall of the Moon for the UNESCO building. A blackberry jam stain became his Birth of the World, and another work features the multi-colored title animal below the multi-colored title celestial object. For 10 points, name this artist of Dog Barking at the Moon and Harlequin's Carnival, a Catalan surrealist.
Answer: Joan Miro
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Form II of this drug was recently discovered in co-crystallization experiments with an epilepsy drug, and its active component can interfere with chloride levels to induce hearing loss and tinnitus. A newly discovered mechanism of its action involves stimulation of lipoxins to then form nitric oxide, while a more established mechanism involves its irreversible binding to a serine residue on the cyclo-oxygenases; this binding prevents the formation of thromboxane A2, which is needed for platelet aggregation, as well as prostaglandins. For 10 points, name this drug that can cause Reye's syndrome in children, a pain-reliever also known as acetylsalicylic acid.
Answer: Aspirin [accept acetylsalicylic acid before it's read]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Bodele depression lies forty kilometers to its northeast, and is joined by the Gazal river. Islands on it include Kofia and Malal, and the town of Baga lies on a peninsula at its southwest. The Adamawa plateau lies off the Mandara hills to its south, while mount Bagzane lies at the north of the country to its west. Rainfall on the town of Bol to its east has declined relative to its discovery by Hugh Clapperton. Supplied by the Logone and Chari rivers, it is surrounded by Sahel, and is shrinking in size. Lying north of Cameroon, and east of Niger and Nigeria, for 10 points, identify this lake that names a country in central Africa.
Answer: Lake Chad
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Experiments demonstrating it involved filling out a questionnaire in a room slowly filled with smoke, the stealing of beer from a liquor store, and talking about stress problems with other students during which someone suffers a seizure, all studies by Darley and Latane from a 1969 article entitled "Apathy." Prior commitment, ambiguity of the situation, and recognized leadership are factors that determine it, though the most famous case involved a crime committed in the Kew Gardens against a bar manager. For 10 points, the murder of Kitty Genovese is an example of what effect, in which individuals in a large group are less likely to help those in distress?
Answer: bystander effect
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Article XI of this treaty described the proper use of telegraph and telephone lines, and Article XIV required annual payments to start nine years after ratification. Article I stated the U.S. would maintain and guarantee sovereignty of a certain country, which caused trouble when students had their national flag torn down. No representatives of the country in question negotiated this treaty; rather, a French engineer who had previously campaigned against construction in Nicaragua signed it with the U.S. Secretary of State. For 10 points, name this 1903 treaty, which sold the rights to the U.S. for the construction of the Panama Canal Zone.
Answer: Hay-Bunau-Varilla treaty
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Her novels about Maggie Blackburn's realization of the rape of Brendan Bauer and Molly Marks' affairs with psychiatrist brothers McEwan are titled Nemesis and Lives of the Twins, and written under the pseudonym Rosamnd Smith. Her poems are collected in Invisible Woman and I Lock My Door Upon Myself, and she recently wrote The Tattooed Girl and Sexy. She is known for a family history, Bellefleur, and a trilogy including Expensive People and them. The murder of Tucson girls inspired the Gothic element in her most anthologized story. For 10 points, nname this author of A Garden of Earthly Delights and "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?"
Answer: Joyce Carol Oates
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
These constructs are used in statistical sampling to randomly cover an area with a fixed set of elements. Gaston Terry's proof by exhaustion that there is no solution to the 36 officer problem proved that a more generalized form of them of size 6 by 6 does not exist. Circulent matrices are an example of them, and the Cayley table of a group is one of them. There are two orthogonal ones of size 4 by 4, and they also exist in a Greco- variety. For 10 points, identify this type of n by n array, exemplified by Sudoku, in which each row and column have permutations of the same entries, named by Euler for their traditional use with letters of the namesake alphabet.
Answer: Latin squares [accept Greco-Latin Squares before "generalized"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A struggle between this man and St. John (SIN-jun) Broderick led to the repudiation of Francis Younghusband's mission to Tibet. This member of the Souls had served as Lord Salisbury's secretary. As Foreign Secretary, he was the architect of the Treaty of Lausanne. His political setbacks include being passed over in favor of Stanley Baldwin as Prime Minister and being forced to resign his loftiest position over a disagreement with Kitchener. For 10 points, name this "most superior person", a Viceroy of India, who proposed an extension through the Carpathians for his namesake line dividing Poland and Russia.
Answer: George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess of Kedleston
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man's namesake elasticity describes surface tension resistance when a surface is stretched, and can be applied to surface-tension-related mass transfer in an effect named for this man and Marangoni. For a mixture at constant temperature and pressure, the change in the chemical potential of the system can be obtained using an equation named for this man and Duhem. Another equation named for this man is used to calculate the degrees of freedom of a system depending in part on its number of components. For 10 points, name this man with a namesake phase rule and a thermodynamic quantity useful in predicting the spontaneity of a chemical reaction, his free energy.
Answer: Josiah Willard Gibbs
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One argument in this case cited Valentine v. Chrestensen to say that there was no freedom of speech argument to be mad. The phrase "they have bombed his home, assaulted his person, [. . . and] arrested him seven times" helped give rise to this case, whose main cause arose from the claim that a collegiate dining hall was padlocked "in an attempt to starve them into submission." The Supervisor of the Montgomery Police Department brought suit over coverage of his actions at Alabama State College, leading to this case. For 10 points, name this 1964 case between that man and a major newspaper, which established the "actual malice" condition required for a libel lawsuit.
Answer: The New York Times Co. v. L. B. Sullivan [accept reverse order]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It argues that neither the consequence nor the intent of an action will be the basis for judgment for "a new species of philosophers" called "experimenters" who merely issue commands in the section, "We Scholars." It claims that "when you look long into an abyss, the abyss also looks into you," and that "there are no moral phenomena at all, but only a moral interpretation of phenomena," two of its "Epigrams and Interludes." Comparing truth to a woman, it begins with a section on "The Prejudices of Philosophers" and ends with a song about the coming of Zarathustra. For 10 points, name this "Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future" by Nietzsche.
Answer: Beyond Good and Evil [or Jenseits von Gut und Bose]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In the first edition of this book, the preface mentions that the title is to be pronounced with three syllables. Chapters 23 to 25 are all called "The Book of the Machines," and Chapter 15, "The Musical Banks", discusses how banks would not honor other banks' coins and how churches would often complete money exchanges. The entire country where this occurs becomes a satire of Victorian society and its geographic features are modeled loosely after New Zealand. Higgs is the narrator of, fo 10 points, what 1872 novel by Samuel Butler, where names are both anagrams and spelt backwards, such as its original title, "Nowhere"?
Answer: Erewhon; or Over the Range
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
St. Hilarion was accused of being a magician after blessing these items in Gaza for a man named Italicus. It is the traditional item depicted on ema, plaques on which Shinto worshippers inscribe wishes or prayers, and Zoroaster converted King Vishtasp and his family by curing a black one. In the Ashvamedra sacrifice, the sacrificer's chief wife simulates copulation with the corpse of this creature. One named Burak accompanied Gabriel to Mount Sinai, and the female protagonist of the Song of Songs is compared to one of these animals belonging to the Pharaoh. For 10 points, name this animal, a pale one of which is ridden by Death.
Answer: horses [or any reasonable equivalent; some of these are specifically female or male horses but I suggest taking either mares or stallions so as not to be a jerk; accept chariots until the end of the first sentence]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One melody from this work was adapted into the hymn Thaxted, and later into "O God beyond All Praising." Its penultimate movement, featuring prominent tympani, is dominated by a repeated four-note phrase, and its fifth movement develops a pattern of two chords that sounds like a ticking clock. Its final movement contains a wordless choir, while part of the fourth inspired Cecil Spring-Rice's patriotic song "I Vow to thee my Country." Its opening movement is a distinctive rhythmic ostinato in 5/4 time, and its sections are known as the Mystic, the Magician, and The Bringer of War. For 10 points, name this suite by Gustav Holst, to which Colin Matthews added "Pluto."
Answer: The Planets Suite
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A Ralph Hodgson collection is titled for this kind of "wedding," and the revolutionary carpenter Kudeyarov recruits Pyotr Daryalsky in an Andrey Bely novel named for this kind of "dove." The convert Selbst family figures in Saul Bellow's story about a "dish" of this type, while a play with this adjective in the title ends with Susie Monican's judgment of the characters and is named for a trophy that is presented to the Avondale Football Club after Harry Heegan scores a winning goal. For 10 points, name this adjective found in a Sean O'Casey play about a "Tassie," which also describes the bullet used to shoot a former porter in Eugene O'Neill's The Emperor Jones.
Answer: silver
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man hypothesized a primordial material he termed "ylem." The optimum bombarding energy is closely related to the peak of his namesake window for tunneling through a Coulomb barrier. He wrote a series of books in which a bank clerk hunts a very uncertain quantum tiger and rides a bike in a city where the speed of light is a few kilometers per hour. In addition to writing the Mr. Tompkins books, he predicted the cosmic microwave background and proposed the idea of a genetic code. For 10 points, name this man who worked on hot Big Bang nucleosynthesis with Alpher and added Bethe's name to the resulting paper.
Answer: George or Georgiy Antonovich Gamow [or Gamov]
2008 ACF Regionals Bonuses by UCLA and Chicago
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, name the man with the plan, as well as the Mexican presidency.,
[10] This man served as president of the Supreme Court and vice-president under Ignacio Comonfort, and issued the Plan of Ayutla, before assuming the presidency. He was also the namesake of Mussolini.
Answer: Benito Pablo Juarez
[10] This man followed up on the success of his book on the Presidential succession with the Plan of San Luis Potosi. He was denounced by Zapata in the Plan of Ayala, and fell to the Ciudadela Plan of Henry Lane Wilson et al.
Answer: Francisco Indalecio Madero
[10] This man issued the Plan of la Noria and the Plan of Tuxtepec. A longtime ruler of the country, he took on a second stint as president after becoming dissatisfied with his hand-picked successor Manuel Gonzalez.
Answer: Porfirio Diaz
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The glowing reviews for this movie on IMDB assure you that it is "not as horrible as everyone says." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 2008 release, in which the marriage of the Finnegans, one of whom is played by Kate Hudson, is reborn during the couple's search for a hidden treasure.
Answer: Fool's Gold
[10] The role of Benjamin Finnegan is played by this Texan actor, whose previous starring roles in terrible movies included Failure to Launch, Two for the Money, and Sahara.
Answer: Matthew McConaughey
[10] McConaughey also played a character named Ben opposite Kate Hudson in this 2003 film, whose stupid premise involves contrasting bets regarding who can control the other person's emotions with the titular timeframe.
Answer: How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Bohr-Sommerfeld model replaces the quantization of angular momentum with the quantization of this variable. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this quantity typically expressed as the closed path integral of a generalized momentum with respect to its associated generalized position, or as the time integral of the Lagrangian.
Answer: action
[10] This man's namesake principle states that a system evolves so that the action is stationary. His namesake operator is the Legendre transform of the Lagrangian.
Answer: Sir William Rowan Hamilton
[10] Action-angle variables can be used to find quantities of this type, which are conserved under slow deformations of the Hamiltonian. This term also denotes thermodynamic processes that occur without heat flow.
Answer: adiabatic invariants
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following regarding the Taft-Hartley Act of 1947, for 10 points each.,
[10] The Taft-Hartley Act initially served as an amendment to this 1935 act, which protects most workers' rights to form labor unions and engage in collective bargaining or striking.
Answer: National Labor Relations Act [ or Wagner Act]
[10] These type of employment environments, which made union membership a requirement to be employed by a specific business, were outlawed.
Answer: closed shop
[10] In this union, the only one ever led by a future U.S. President, once a prospective member becomes "principal", they are deemed "eligible," which for thirty days following that, they are known as "Taft-Hartleys."
Answer: the Screen Actors Guild
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer following regarding the Salmon of Knowledge, for 10 points per answer.,
[10] While this man was cooking the Salmon for his master, some of the fish oil splashed on his thumb, which he sucked on. Thus, he was the first to taste the Salmon and gain all of the knowledge in the world.
Answer: Fionn mac Cumhaill [or Finn McCool]
[10] The Salmon of Knowledge was originally an ordinary salmon until it ate nine of these objects that fell into its well from the nine trees surrounding its pool.
Answer: hazel nuts
[10] This Irish river housed the Salmon until Fionn mac Cumhaill caught it.
Answer: River Boyne [or abhainn na Boinne]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
"Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame," the titular Mother of Exiles in this poem cries with silent lips. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poem on the Statue of Liberty about "your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, the wretched refuse of your teeming shore."
Answer: "The New Colossus"
[10] This person wrote "The New Colossus."
Answer: Emma Lazarus
[10] This other poet wrote "I shall never get you put together entirely, pieced, glued, and properly jointed" in "The Colossus."
Answer: Sylvia Plath
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He directed the noted Liv Tyler vehicle Stealing Beauty as well as The Sheltering Sky. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this director who won Oscars for best director and best adapted screenplay for the 1987 biopic of Pu Yi, The Last Emperor.
Answer: Bernardo Bertolucci
[10] This Bertolucci film follows Paul, an American played by Marlon Brando, having lots of sex with the French girl Jeanne after they both visit an empty apartment for rent. They also do some dancing in the titular city.
Answer: Last Tango in Paris [or Ultimo tango a Parigi; or Le dernier tango a Paris]
[10] This Bertolucci film, based on an Alberto Moravia novel, follows the titular character Marcello Clarici as he joins the Fascist party.
Answer: The Conformist [or Il Conformista]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these British figures important in colonial history, for 10 points each.,
[10] Prime Minister of Britain during the Revolutionary War, this man resigned due to a motion of no confidence following the British defeat at Yorktown. He later returned to power in a coalition with Charles James Fox.
Answer: Lord Frederick North, Second Earl of Guilford
[10] Nicknamed the "gentle shepherd", this Whig Prime Minister was the subject of criticism, along with his predecessor Lord Bute, for his government's passage of the Stamp Act in 1765.
Answer: George Grenville
[10] This Irish MP, who fought alongside Wolfe on the Plains of Abraham, was a staunch opponent of American taxation and coined the phrase "sons of liberty".
Answer: Isaac Barre
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following on saying prayers, for 10 points each.,
[10] In Judaism, this prayer praising God is recited in mourning for 11 months following the death of a family member.
Answer: Kaddish
[10] This anonymously-authored Russian work recounts the narrator's travels across the countryside, and discusses the use of the Jesus Prayer as described in the Philokalia.
Answer: The Way of a Pilgrim [if someone says Otkrovennye rasskazy strannika dukhovnomu svoemu ottsu, give them the points and a dollar]
[10] According to the Qu'ran, during the Night Journey this son of Amram prompted Muhammad's negotiation with Allah to reduce the number of daily prayers from 50 to 5.
Answer: Moses
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name some stuff regarding autoimmune diseases for 10 points each.,
[10] Graves disease, which notably produces protruding eyeballs, is a common autoimmune disease affecting this gland, which can get ridiculously big when it forms a goiter.
Answer: thyroid
[10] Mutations in the CARD15 gene are associated with this inflammatory bowel disease, which is characterized by inflammation of the entire bowel's wall and skip lesions. Jewish people tend to be more susceptible to it as well.
Answer: Crohn's disease [or regional enteritis]
[10] Sjogren's syndrome, which attacks the glands that produce tears and saliva, is usually positive for this antibody that, when bound to IgG, is implicated in a variety of inflammatory conditions.
Answer: rheumatoid factor
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify these works of Manuel Puig, for 10 points each.,
[10] In this 1976 novel, Molina, a middle-aged homosexual man, develops a quality friendship with Valentin, a young socialist revolutionary, while each serve six months in an Argentine jail cell.
Answer: Kiss of the Spider Woman [or El beso de la mujer Arana]
[10] In this 1979 novel, one narrative deals with an actress married to a munitions manufacturer. Another involves an Argentine woman held in a Mexico City asylum, and another parts talks about the secret agent prostitute W218.
Answer: Pubis Angelical
[10] In this work, which was a half satire of the 1940s cinema craze and half study of the middle class, film-crazed characters reveal their ideas of Hollywood glamour, love, and style via epistolary letters.
Answer: Betrayed by Rita Hayworth [or La traicion de Rita Hayworth]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name some things being sucked under parts of the Americas for 10 points each.,
[10] The Blanco Fracture Zone bounds the southern end of this plate, named for a Spanish explorer who also has an eponymous strait, which is off the northwest coast of the US and is being subducted by the North American Plate.
Answer: Juan de Fuca plate
[10] The Carnegie Ridge occurs in this plate, which is being subducted under the South American Plate. Its boundary with the South American and Antarctic Plates was likely the epicenter of the 1960 Chilean Earthquake.
Answer: Nazca plate
[10] The Juan de Fuca and Nazca plates are both remnants of this large plate that began to subduct under North America after the breakup of Pangaea and likely caused the formation of the Rocky Mountains.
Answer: Farallon plate
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name some Soren Kierkegaard works, for 10 points each.,
[10] Partly written by Judge Wilhelm in Berlin, it recalls details of a love affair with Regine Olsen in the "Seducer's Diary." It contains sections on Diapsalmata and Don Giovanni, and examines the aesthetic and ethical views of life.
Answer: Either/Or: A Fragment of Life [or Enten-Eller: et-livs fragment]
[10] "Repetition" is a demonstration of the doctrines espoused in this work, which tackles the problem of "teleological suspension of the ethical" by showing that faith is paradoxical in the sacrifice of Isaac by Abraham.
Answer: Fear and Trembling [or Frygt og baeven]
[10] Distinguishing between the titular concept and fear, it argues that freedom can only be examined psychologically, not philosophically by proofs and necessity. It was attributed to Vigilius Haufniensis.
Answer: The Concept of Dread [or Begrebet angest]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Tancred kills Clorinda, who is dressed in male warrior's garb, in this poem. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this epic, which also contains the love of Olindo and Sophronia.
Answer: Jerusalem Delivered [or Gerusalemme liberata]
[10] This author of Discourses on the Heroic Poem and Rinaldo wrote Jerusalem Delivered.
Answer: Torquato Tasso
[10] The title character tries to win Angelica of Cathay in this other Italian epic, written by Matteo Boiardo.
Answer: Orlando Innamorato [or Orlando In Love]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Theories built upon this type of logic system include classical set theory and Peano arithmetic. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this system of logic that is built upon the modus ponens rule of inference and whose developers include Hilbert and Gentzen.
Answer: predicate logic [or first-order logic; or predicate calculus]
[10] The Sheffer stroke, an operator sometimes used in predicate calculus, is equivalent to this Boolean operator, which is the negation of the conjunction operator. Its namesake flash memory is commonly used in USB drives.
Answer: NAND [or not-and]
[10] This theory states that a given theorem is provable if and only if it is provable in a model which interprets logic symbols using terms of the logic itself.
Answer: Herbrand's theorem
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Investment, consumption, spending, and export sum to the aggregate type of it. When plotted against price, it shifts right when the number of buyers increases. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this economic quantity, the willingness and ability to purchase goods.
Answer: demand
[10] Two goods are called this if when the price of one increases, the demand for the other decreases, and vice versa; i.e., if the cross-elasticity of demand is negative.
Answer: complementary goods
[10] This principle of welfare economics states that, on any set of indifference curves, there is always a point nearby, for any size of "nearby," representing a bundle of goods that a consumer prefers to the current bundle.
Answer: local nonsatiation
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
His Hungarian Dances weren't assigned opus numbers because he didn't consider them original. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this prolific Romantic era composer of four symphonies and a German Requiem.
Answer: Johannes Brahms
[10] Brahms wrote this piece as a thank you to the University of Breslau for giving him an honorary degree. He followed it up with the Tragic Overture to balance things out.
Answer: Academic Festival Overture [or Akademische Festouverture]
[10] This brief choral and orchestral work of Brahms, his opus 54, is a setting of a Friederich Holderlin poem. It begins with the gods being happy, but then turns to man accepting his miserable fate.
Answer: Song of Destiny [or Schicksalslied]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name some works by Moliere, for 10 points each.,
[10] Cleante steals his father's money in order to gain his permission to marry Mariane. Elise gets to marry Calere when her father, Harpagon, finds out that Calere is the heir of Anselme, in this play.
Answer: L'avare [or The Miser]
[10] Armande is into science, while Belise is into philosophy, but the one daughter of Philaminte who gets married is the "balanced" Henriette, who hooks up with Clitandre instead of Trissotin, whom her mother preferred.
Answer: Les femmes savantes [or The Learned Ladies]
[10] Alceste is turned down by Celimene at the end of this play, which surely will not help the outlook referred to in the title.
Answer: Le misanthrope [or The Misanthrope]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Types of this experimental technique include quadrupole and time-of-flight. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this procedure by which the ratio of a namesake property of a molecule to electric charge can be determined. Samples can be prepared for analysis by MALDI ["MALL-dee"] or electrospray ionization.
Answer: mass spectrometry
[10] Mass spectrometry can be used to analyze sample mixtures that have been separated by this technique in which vaporized substances are carried through a column containing a stationary phase.
Answer: gas chromatography [prompt on "chromatography"]
[10] In addition to mass spectrometry, the sequence of a protein may be determined using this reaction in which phenylisothiocyanate reacts with the peptide chain, and the N-terminal amino acid is removed and analyzed.
Answer: Edman degradation
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following involving famous shipwrecks that occurred in American history, for 10 points each.,
[10] The sinking of this ship in 1898 was a precipitating cause of the Spanish-American War. In the 1976 Rickover investigation, it was revealed that spontaneous coal combustion was probably responsible.
Answer: U.S.S. Maine
[10] Its November 10, 1975 shipwreck is the most famous shipwreck in the Great Lakes. A Discovery Channel documentary crew discovered that two rogue waves damaged the cargo hold, causing this ship to break in two.
Answer: S.S. Edmund Fitzgerald
[10] Its 1915 shipwreck occurred when its lifeboats and 2500 passengers made it too top-heavy and it literally rolled over on its side. Though it was raised later and christened as the U.S.S. Willamette, over 840 Czech immigrants died.
Answer: S.S. Eastland
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The model for this painting, the "stunner" Fanny Cornforth, described it as "the cow picture." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this painting, in which a man bringing a calf to market discovers that his country sweetheart has become a prostitute.
Answer: Found
[10] This painter of Found was a founder of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. He painted his wife, Elizabeth Siddal, in A Vision of Fiametta, and both wrote a poem and painted a work known as The Blessed Damozel.
Answer: Dante Gabriel Rossetti
[10] Rossetti also used his wife as a model for this depiction of the woman who guided Dante Alighieri through Paradise just before her death.
Answer: Beata Beatrix

Warning: Unknown: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_s5j5itfjfs7p76hsbgmqn5j142, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in Unknown on line 0

Warning: Unknown: Failed to write session data (files). Please verify that the current setting of session.save_path is correct () in Unknown on line 0