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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Regionals Tossups by Texas
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Simulations have predicted that small changes in heat capacity may account for observed deviations from one of this man's equations, as visualized in his namesake plots. That equation can be modified to include the standard entropy of change but generally relates the log of a ratio of equilibrium constants to a change in inverse temperature. He also names an equation that uses an eponymous quantity, which itself appears in expressions of colligative properties and describes the dissolution of a substance, known as his factor. For 10 points, identify this namesake of an equation used to find osmotic pressure of dilute solutions, a Dutchman and first winner of the Nobel in chemistry.
Answer: van't Hoff equation
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The Rudyard Kipling poem "Song of the Men's Side" pays homage to this deity, while another poem claims that he "is some token" that "holds troth well with athelings. " The Lokasenna suggests he had a consort, Zisa, whom Tacitus associated with Isis. This god's rune, an upward arrow, could partly explain his association with Mars. He also facilitated the Aesir's plan to make use of a powerful ribbon made out of a fish's breath and some other strange ingredients, Gleipner. For 10 points, name this Norse god of oaths and justice, who sacrificed his hand to restrain the Fenris Wolf, and who lends his name to the third day of the week.
Answer: Tyr
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This man's second symphony introduced electronic instruments to imitate radio signals, and a reading of "Prometheus Unbound" inspired his Music for a Scene from Shelley. His neoclassical works include the Capricorn Concerto, while he experimented with atonality in Prayers of Kierkegaard. He received a Pulitzer Prize for an opera in which Anatol seduces Erika, while another of his works is written in "arch" form and comes from the second movement of his first string quartet. For 10 points, name this American composer who used a text by James Agee in his Knoxville: Summer of 1915, and who created the opera Vanessa and the Adagio for Strings.
Answer: Samuel Barber
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In one part of this novel, the barber Del Snafflin leads a tiny orchestra in a production of The Girl from Kankakee. One subplot involves the ambitious Miles Bjornstam and his wife Bea Sorenson, who dies of typhoid fever along with her son. The protagonist scandalizes the Jolly Seventeen with her views on librarians, and she fails to produce Androcles and the Lion with the Thanatopsis Club. After her son Hugh is born, she has a brief flirtation with the tailor Erik Valborg and flees to Washington, which she finds similar to her husband's home town. For 10 points, name this Sinclair Lewis novel set in Gropher Prairie, centering on Will and Carol Kennicott.
Answer: Main Street
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Recent studies have found that these molecules can be responsible for a specific cleavage and can control transcription in a ColE1 plasmid. The two classes of enzymes that act on them differ in the presence of HIGH and KMSKS consensus sequences and which terminal OH group of these molecules that they affect. Roughly L-shaped in tertiary form, one part of their secondary structure is the T-psi-C loop, where psi represents pseudo-uridine. Usually depicted as a clover-leaf structure, the wobble hypothesis explained why there can be fewer of them than possible codons. For 10 points, name these RNA structures that bring amino acids to a growing polypeptide chain.
Answer: transfer RNA
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One small section of this work features five prayers addressed to different parts of the day. Including the Nirangistan fragments, one set of twenty-one poems in it is dedicated to various yazatas, or angels, and ancient heroes, while the Siroza identifies the gods who preside over the thirty days of the month. In it, the Vendidad describes construction of the Towers of Silence and offers a dualistic account of creation. Its core is a set of seventeen hymns that includes the Ahunavaiti and Ushtavaiti, the Gathas, thought to be the words of the prophet who began evangelizing Iran around 600 BCE. For 10 points, name this Zoraoastrian text.
Answer: Zend Avesta
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The artist of this work intended to create an entire Corinthian temple portico in the background but left it with just a single column. One of the figures on the left, possibly John the Baptist, holds a crystal vase and stares at the title figure, whose right foot seems to jut out toward the viewer as it rests on some pillows. In the lower right corner is a rather small depiction of a prophet, possibly Isaiah, reading from a scroll, while a large infant Christ lies sprawled out in an S-shape in the center on Mary's lap. For 10 points, name this painting in which Mary has some rather exaggerated features, a work of Parmigianino.
Answer: Madonna of the Long Neck [or Madonna with the Long Neck; or Madonna dal Collo Lungo]
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In one part of this game, typing a code reveals that stress can make one thinner or fatter. The player can earn a "Stylish Kill" for destroying the Skybridge Hera, and receives a prize if all twelve G. F. demolition troopers survive. In order to explore the G. F. S. Valhalla and obtain a code used on a Leviathan battleship, the player must collect nine Energy Cells. Bosses include the cybernetic Ghor, the shape-shifting femme fatale Gandrayda, and the pterodactyl-like Omega Ridley, against whom the player can enter Hypermode by injecting the mutagen Phazon. For 10 points, name this 2007 Nintendo Wii game, the final in a trilogy featuring female bounty hunter Samus Aran.
Answer: Metroid Prime 3: Corruption [do not accept or prompt on "Metroid" or "Metroid Prime"]
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One character in this work claims that she "shall never brook a Spaniard" because she could not abide them since before her birth. Secondary characters include Ananias, who preaches Puritan philosophy while attempting to bribe two characters for household articles. Dapper, a lawyer's clerk, believes he will be visited by the Queen of Fairy, while Sir Epicure Mammon attempts to woo the prostitute Dol Common. Master Lovewit, who had left London because of the plague, returns at the end of the play to marry Dame Pliant and foil the schemes of Face. For 10 points, name this Ben Jonson play in which the swindler Subtle pretends to create the philosopher's stone.
Answer: The Alchemist
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Passing through the oil-rich settlement of Norman Wells, this river runs through a basin whose mineral wealth lies in bituminous tar and oil sands. During the Wisconsin time period, the Laurentide Ice Sheet covered most of its basin. This river bears the name of its principle explorer who surveyed its entire length in 1789 and named it "Disappointment River. " Its delta is fifty miles long and borders the Arctic Ocean. Emptying into the Beaufort Sea, this river carries water from Great Slave Lake over one thousand miles upstream along its course. For 10 points, identify this river named for the explorer Alexander, the longest in Canada.
Answer: Mackenzie River
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One early leader of this empire was Mari Djata the first, who conquered the cities of Oualata and Audaghost. Other rulers included Uli, Qu, and Sakura, a freed slave who deposed Khalifa. It exploded after its defeat of the Susu chief Sumanguru at the Battle of Kirina, arising out of the Kangaba state, whose inhabitants had helped transport gold from Ghana. Its first leader was Sundiata, but it reached its apex under a guy who destroyed the price of gold, Mansa Musa. For 10 points, name this West African empire whose name lives on in a large French-speaking country.
Answer: Malinke Empire
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At one point, this character spends three months' pay on three meals, a complete set of Byron's works, and a railway rug. He later travels for Bangkok with first mate Mahon on the Judea, whose hold explodes from spontaneous combustion. Later in life, he sits on the trial of a man who acquired the title of "Tuan" on the settlement of Patusan. In his most famous appearance, he sits on the Nellie and reflects that the Thames was once the barbarous part of the earth, before discussing his encounter with the district manager and his journey up the Congo to meet Mr. Kurtz. For 10 points, name this Joseph Conrad character who narrates "Youth," Lord Jim, and Heart of Darkness.
Answer: Charlie Marlow
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They have been used as detectors in the SIMPLE and PICASSO experiments, and are now being used by the COUP in their attempts to detect WIMPs. A major drawback of them was an inability to measure energy directly, but they could infer momentum based on the radii of magnetically induced helical paths. A piston is moved to expand the volume of a fluid with low surface tension, causing it to become superheated, so that a tiny amount of additional energy will cause the desired phenomenon, the density of which is proportional to the ionization of a particle. For 10 points, name this device that tracks the paths of particles via the formation of small air pockets.
Answer: bubble chamber
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At one point in this battle, troops under General Sacken forced a division under General Dabrowski to flee from Gohlis to Pfaffendorf. This battle was the culmination of the Trachenberg Plan, created by Prince of Sweden Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte. It began as General Kleist attacked Marshal Poniatowski at Markkleeberg. Marshall Murat unwisely used massive columns at Liebertwolkwitz, while at Mockern, Marmont's Sixth Corps was attacked by Russian and Prussian forces under Blucher. For 10 points, name this 1813 victory for the Sixth Coalition, also known as the "Battle of the Nations," which led to Napoleon's abdication and exile.
Answer: Battle of Leipzig [accept Battle of the Nations before it is mentioned]
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In the first act finale of this opera, "Silence, let no one warn him," the villain revels in his plan, while in the aria "Comes a pretty boy this path," Annchen jokes with his cousin. An early chorus praises the rich young Kilian, who initially defeats the protagonist in acquiring the favor of the master Kuno, while a meeting with Duke Ottokar follows the "Huntsmen's Chorus." In the Wolf's Glen scene, Kaspar summons the demon Zamiel in order to forge magic bullets, which Max uses to win the hand of Agatha in a shooting contest. For 10 points, name this opera composed by Carl Maria von Weber.
Answer: Der Freischutz [or The Freeshooter or The Marksman]
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In an early draft of this poem, the author compared himself to cast-off shoes and used dolphins as carriers to the afterlife. The former image was changed to a scarecrow, "a tattered coat upon a stick. " The first stanza contrasts "The salmon-falls, the mackerel-crowded seas" with "Monuments of unageing intellect," while the last stanza alludes to a golden bird, "a form such as Grecian goldsmiths make ? set upon a golden bough. " The speaker says his heart is "fastened to a dying animal" as he gazes into a golden mosaic, wishing to leave his home that "is no country for old men. " For 10 points, name this W. B. Yeats poem that expresses a desire to travel to Constantinople.
Answer: "Sailing to Byzantium"
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On surfaces, it can occur in reptation and leapfrog modes, while it names an approximation used in reconstruction of optical tomograms. The Bohm type occurs in plasmas, and its constant is related to the ratio of terminal drift velocity to an applied force in the Einstein relation. Multiplying that same constant by 4 and time gives the square of the length associated with this process, whose flux is inversely related to separation in Fick's Laws. For 10 points, name this process also described by Graham's law, the movement of a particle down a concentration gradient
Answer: diffusion
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This man distinguished himself under Aulus Plautius, capturing twenty oppida in Britain and setting up a headquarters at Isca Dumniorum. He later became a patrion of Flavius Josephus after aiding Licinius Mucianus in quelling the Great Jewish Revolt. At the Battle of Bedriacum, his forces under Marcus Antoninus Primus defeated the forces of Vitellius, allowing him to become emperor. For 10 points, name this Roman who began building the Colosseum and ruled at the end of the Year of the Four Emperors, before he was succeeded by his sons Titus and Domitian.
Answer: Titus Flavius Vespasianus
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In this work, the author argues that communism's assumptions about human goodness are "an untenable illusion" and elsewhere, he uses modern Rome, with its many layers, as a metaphor for the "oceanic feeling" of oneness with eternity. Its author also argues that modern man has become nearly God-like, but is unsatisfied with this state. The author notes that the rules of the universe run counter to pleasure satisfaction, creating a struggle between Eros and Thanatos, and that the titular construct creates misery while promoting order. For 10 points, name this Sigmund Freud work which discusses dissatisfaction in modern society.
Answer: Civilization and Its Discontents [or Das Unbehagen in der Kultur]
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The author of this work cites a Lessing epigram in which Hanschen Schlau treats wealth as something distinct from a man's being rich, and he also cites the Swami Vivekananda to show the appeal of radical monism. This work praises Locke's definition of spirit as consciousness, as well as another philosopher's analysis of matter as made of sensations, claiming that the latter has "cash value. " The author seeks to reconcile "tender-minded" and "tough-minded" philosophy through the example of a squirrel running around a tree. For 10 points, name this work, subtitled "A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking, " written by William James about a namesake philosophy.
Answer: Pragmatism
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He describes human emotions as "invocations to death" in his poem "Kaleidoscope," while in "Moonlight" he decries musicians' "gaudy colors of disguise. " He wrote two plays: The Ins and the Outs and Madame Aubin, while his he expressed his theory, "Music, first and foremost" in his poem "Song of Autumn. " He wrote a poem addressed to the Seine River, "Parisian Nocturne," while he was part of the Parnassian School led by Leconte de Lisle, but his Fetes galantes marked a departure from this school. For 10 points, name this French Symbolist poet, the author of Romances without Words and Saturnine Poems, who shot his lover Arthur Rimbaud.
Answer: Paul Verlaine
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An extension of this statement was refined by Wilfried Sieg to include only boundedness, locality, and determinancy, and Steven Wolfram expanded it to systems in the natural world. Tibor Rado introduced a function for which it doesn't apply known as the busy beaver, and it could be challenged by the existence of an oracle. One version of it grew out of Hilbert's decision problem, while another formulation stated that real world numerical problems could be expressed using the lambda calculus. For 10 points, name this doubly eponymous principle that says every computable function can be computed with one of its namesake's machines.
Answer: Church-Turing thesis [accept in either order; prompt on a single name before "doubly"]
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As an academic, this man published an American history entitled Division and Reunion and argued for a parliamentary system in his book, Congressional Government. He prevented a railroad strike by proposing the Adamson Act, and he also pushed the Clayton Antitrust Act through Congress. While governor of New Jersey, he established state primaries, reducing the influence of party bosses. He secretly provided money to the White Army in Russia, and suffered a partial stroke while seeking public support for the Treaty of Versailles. For 10 points, name this American president who served during World War I and advocated a League of Nations in his Fourteen Points.
Answer: Thomas Woodrow Wilson
 
2008 ACF Regionals Bonuses by Texas
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Its primary scriptural source is a passage in Genesis, in which the serpent talks to Eve. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Catholic doctrine, which holds that Mary was filled with sanctifying grace from the first moment of her existence, free of any stain of original sin.
Answer: Immaculate Conception
[10] This pope defined the Immaculate Conception as dogma in his 1854 constitution, Ineffabilis Deus.
Answer: Pius IX
[10] This medieval French saint opposed the then-newfangled doctrine of the immaculate conception. He helped found the Cistercian order and campaigned for Innocent II against Anacletus II, helping end a schism in the Church.
Answer: St. Bernard of Clairvaux
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It includes The Chouans, The Physiology of Marriage, and Melmoth Converted. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this series of novels.
Answer: La Comedie Humaine or The Human Comedy
[10] This author wrote La Comedie Humaine.
Answer: Honore de Balzac
[10] Balzac's first major success was this 1833 novel, about a young woman who falls in love with her poor cousin Charles against the wishes of her miserly father.
Answer: Eugenie Grandet
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Answer the following about the Chilean War of independence, for 10 points each.,
[10] The Army of the Andes marched from Argentina and engaged the Spanish Royalist forces in this 1817 battle, in which Patriot troops under successfully managed to break through enemy lines and force a Spanish retreat.
Answer: Battle of Chacabuco
[10] This Argentinean general led the Army of the Andes in the Battle of Chacabuco.
Answer: Jose Francisco de San Martin Matorras
[10] This battle, named after the valley on the outskirts of Santiago, resulted in a victory for the Chilean patriot forces, definitively ending Spanish occupation and consolidating Chile's independence.
Answer: Battle of Maipu [or Maipo]
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Name these Italian architects, for 10 points each:,
[10] This artist lost a contest with Ghiberti to design the doors of the baptistery in Florence, but later made a name for himself with such works as the Ospedale degli Innocenti and the octagonal dome of the cathedral in Florence.
Answer: Filipo Brunelleschi
[10] This still-active Pritzker Prize winner designed the Pompidou Center with Richard Rogers, as well as the Shard London Bridge tower and the Kansai International Airport in Osaka.
Answer: Renzo Piano
[10] This architect is known for many buildings around the Piazza San Marco in Venice, including the public mint and the library. He took his name from his teacher, the sculptor Andrea.
Answer: Jacopo Sansovino
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Answer the following about Radical Republicans, for 10 points each:,
[10] Famously beaten with a cane by Preston Brooks, this Radical Republican senator from Massachusetts attacked the Kansas-Nebraska Act and delivered a speech entitled "The Barbarism of Slavery. "
Answer: Charles Sumner
[10] Known as the "dictator of Congress," this representative from Pennsylvania introduced the resolution to impeach Andrew Johnson and pushed for sterner treatment of the South in Reconstruction.
Answer: Thaddeus Stevens
[10] This silverware-stealing commander of the Union occupation of New Orleans was also a Congressman from Massachussets and future nominee of the Greenback Party. He prosecuted Johnson in the Senate.
Answer: Benjamin Butler
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Answer the following about a mock-Gothic novel, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Jane Austen novel centers on Catherine Morland and her attempts to woo Henry Tilney, despite the machinations of Isabella Thorpe.
Answer: Northanger Abbey
[10] Catherine is an avid reader of this Gothic novel by Ann Radcliffe, which centers on Emily St. Aubert.
Answer: Mysteries of Udolpho
[10] Catherine is also a big fan of this female author of Evelina, Camila, and Cecilia, the last of which supplied the title of Pride and Prejudice.
Answer: Frances "Fanny" Burney
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Answer the following about stuff making holes above us for 10 points each:,
[10] These alkyl halides have no hydrogens linked to them. There use in industrial and consumer applications has been limited by the Montreal Protocol because they've been linked to ozone depletion.
Answer: Chlorofluorocarbons [or CFCs]
[10] Roland and Molina of the University of California at Irvine shared a Nobel prize for their analysis of the breakdown of CFCs in this layer of the atmosphere that is home to the ozone layer.
Answer: stratosphere
[10] This unit measures the abundance of ozone in the stratosphere. One of them is defined as 2.69 time 10 to the 16 ozone molecules per square centimeter.
Answer: Dobson unit
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Answer the following about Spain being a jerk, for 10 points each.,
[10] This treaty divided the New World into two parts; everything east of the Cape Verde Islands belonged to the Portuguese while the west belonged to the Spanish.
Answer: Treaty of Tordesillas
[10] Ferdinand II and Isabella I reached out to this Borgia pope to protect their territory in the New World; he promptly issued a papal bull declaring a line of demarcation 320 miles west of the Cape Verde Islands.
Answer: Pope Alexander VI [or Rodrigo Borgia]
[10] Acting as an extension to the Treaty Tordesillas, this treaty extended the division line through both poles to split territories in the Pacific among the Portuguese and Spanish.
Answer: Treaty of Zaragoza
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Identify these NFL quarterbacks who have posted a perfect passer rating during a game, for 10 points each.,
[10] This former Tenesse Volunteer and current quarterback of the Indianapolis Colts has posted four "perfect games", the most of any quarterback in NFL history.
Answer: Peyton Manning [prompt on Manning]
[10] This former Dallas Cowboy, one of only two quarterbacks to record both a perfect game and a game in which he had a passer rating of zero-point-zero, led the Denver Broncos to a loss in Super Bowl XII.
Answer: Craig Morton
[10] The other quarterback to record both a perfect game and a zero-point-zero game, this alumnus of Louisiana Tech now serves as the co-host of FOX NFL Sunday.
Answer: Terry Bradshaw
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Answer the following about a certain mountain range, for 10 points each.,
[10] This California mountain is considered a dormant volcano even though it erupted in 1786. It includes seven named glaciers, as well as trail named Avalanche Gulch.
Answer: Mount Shasta
[10] Mount Shasta is part of this mountain range that extends from northern California to British Columbia, and notably contains Mount St. Helens.
Answer: Cascade Range
[10] The only Washington mountain besides Mount St. Helens to produce a large eruption within the past fifteen thousand years, this peak in the Cascade Range lies seventy miles northeast of Seattle.
Answer: Glacier Peak
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Its second step is an isomerization of its namesake molecule. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this series of enzyme-catalyzed reactions found in the mitochondrial matrix of eukaryotes, which results in the formation of three molecules of NADH, two molecules of CO2, and one molecule of GTP.
Answer: The Citric Acid Cycle [or Krebs Cycle; or Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle]
[10] The first step of the Krebs Cycle is the formation of citrate from acetyl CoA and this four carbon molecule.
Answer: oxaloacetate
[10] Fumarate is formed by the actions of this enzyme, the only membrane-bound one in the Krebs cycle. It has and FAD prosthetic group that then donates its electrons to the electron transport chain.
Answer: succinate dehydrogenase
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This language sets Spanish vocabulary into a native South American language's grammar. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this interesting language, spoken as a second tongue by migrants to cities in Ecuador.
Answer: Media Lengua
[10] Because it is not spoken as a native language from birth, Media Lengua is not a creole, but rather this simpler type of mixed language.
Answer: pidgin
[10] The grammar of Media Lengua comes from this language of Ecuador and Peru, which was the tongue of the Incas and has a namesake family related to Aymaran.
Answer: Quechua
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Answer the following about a certain medieval hymn, for 10 points each.,
[10] This 13th-century Latin Hymn provides an account of Judgment Day, or the "Day of Wrath." It is notably featured after the Kyrie in most versions of a Requiem.
Answer: Dies Irae
[10] Featuring twenty-four variations on the last of another composer's Caprices for violin, this Rachmaninoff piece features the Dies Irae in its seventh variation.
Answer: Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini [or Rhapsody on a Theme by Paganini or Rapsodiya na temu Paganini]
[10] Inspired by fresco Triumph of Death by Francesco Traini, this Franz Liszt piece features a double set of variations of the Dies Irae.
Answer: Totentanz
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He must begin his quest again when he fails to ask why the spear bleeds. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this character, who meets the crippled Fisher King and later sees the Holy Grail.
Answer: Percival
[10] This twelfth-century French author created Perceval, the Story of the Grail, in addition to Yvain, the Knight of the Lion and Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart.
Answer: Chretien de Troyes
[10] This German medieval writer created the epic poem Parzival, on which Wagner based his opera. He also appears as a character in Tannhauser.
Answer: Wolfram von Eschenbach
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Answer the following about a reaction mechanism for 10 points each.,
[10] This reaction mechanism is typified by the base-catalyzed removal of a halogen atom from an alkyl halide to form an alkene in a single step.
Answer: E2 [or elimination, bimolecular (accept in either order); prompt on "elimination"]
[10] E2 reactions have this kind of transition state, meaning that the hydrogen under attack, the two carbon atoms, and the leaving group all lie on the same flat surface and have bonds breaking and forming in a concerted manner.
Answer: periplanar
[10] This rule says that, in an elimination reaction, the more highly substituted alkene will be preferentially formed.
Answer: Zaitsev's Rule
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Name these Hemingway short stories in which nothing happens, for 10 points each.,
[10] This story takes place at a Spanish train station and documents the mundane conversation between an unnamed American man and Jig, a woman who could be his wife. Protip: it's about abortion.
Answer: "Hills Like White Elephants"
[10] In this story, the writer Harry slowly dies of a gangrenous wound while on safari in Africa.
Answer: "The Snows of Kilimanjaro"
[10] In this story, Nick Adams gets drunk with his friend Bill, and the two chat about the relative merits of Walpole and Chesterton before Nick becomes glum about his breakup with his fiancee Marge.
Answer: "The Three-Day Blow"
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Identify the following about partial derivatives for 10 points each.,
[10] This term refers to a vector composed of the partial derivatives of a function of several variables with respect to each variable. It is sometimes also called nabla or Del, as its direction is toward areas of greatest change.
Answer: gradient
[10] This theorem states that the partial derivative with respect to y and then to x of a function equals the partial derivative with respect to x and then to y of a function if both are continuous.
Answer: Clairaut's theorem [or Schwarz's theorem]
[10] This name is given to a matrix whose entries are every possible second partial derivative of a function.
Answer: Hessian matrix
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Answer the following about a French dynasty that faded into inbred incompetence, for 10 points each.,
[10] Tracing its ancestry to a semi-legendary hero descended from Christ, this dynasty featured such class-acts as Chlothar I, who murdered his nephews, and Dagobert I, who murdered his half-brother's uncle.
Answer: Merovingian
[10] This king founded the Merovingian dynasty and was the first to unite all Frankish tribes under one ruler. He won victories against the Romans at Soissons and against the Alamanni at Tolbiac.
Answer: Clovis I
[10] This mayor of Austrasia was replaced by Dagobert I's three-year-old son but regained the mayoralty after Dagobert's death. He began the tradition of powerful mayors and was Charles Martel's great-grandfather.
Answer: Pepin of Landen [or Pepin I or Pepin the Elder or Pepin the Old; prompt on Pepin]
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Answer the following about a French artist and the paintings he ripped off, for 10 points each:,
[10] This early Impressionist created such works as Music in the Tuileries and Luncheon on the Grass.
Answer: Edouard Manet
[10] This Manet painting is a parody of Titian's Venus of Urbino, featuring a sprawled-out nude, an African servant girl, and a black cat in place of Titian's dog.
Answer: Olympia
[10] This Manet painting, featuring a woman with a parasol and another with a fan sitting on the titular structure, was an homage to a Goya painting.
Answer: The Balcony [or Le Balcon]
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Name these figures from Greek mythology that are associated with the wide world of flora, for 10 points each.,
[10] When Apollo began courting this nymph, she refused his advances. Her father helped her escape the god by turning her into a laurel tree.
Answer: Daphne
[10] This other nymph was similarly fleeing Pan when her father turned her into reeds. In mourning, Pan cut the reeds and with them invented the first pan-pipes.
Answer: Syrinx
[10] Myrrha tricked her father into having sex with her and, to keep him from killing her when he found out, the gods turned her into a myrrh tree. Her son, this man, was born out of her trunk.
Answer: Adonis
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Answer the following about a certain battle, for 10 points per part.,
[10] This 1746 battle in the Scottish highlands saw the decisive defeat of the Jacobites in their attempt to bring James Francis Edward Stuart, the Old Pretender, to the English throne.
Answer: Battle of Culloden Moor
[10] This man, also known as the Young Pretender, led the Scottish forces at Culloden. After the battle, he was exiled to France and later to Italy, where he assumed the alias "Count of Albany. "
Answer: Bonnie Prince Charlie [or Charles Edward Stuart]
[10] This son of George II led the British forces at Culloden and earned the title of "Butcher" due to the battle's brutality.
Answer: Duke of Cumberland [or William Augustus]

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