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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Regionals Tossups by Stanford A
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The Gross-Pitaevskii equation is used to model it, and in a 2002 Science paper, semiconductor quantum wells were used to study it in exciton-polaritons. Observing the second-order coherence properties can give optical evidence of it, and when placed in an optical lattice, it can show a superfluid to Mott-insulator phase transition. Electro-magnetically induced transparency, atom lasing, and ultra-slow light have been observed in it, and in the first demonstration of it, rubidium atoms were loaded in a magneto-optical trap and laser cooled to just above absolute zero. For 10 points, identify this distinct form of matter, named for an Indian and a German physicist.
Answer: Bose-Einstein condensate [prompt on BEC]
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The protagonist of this novel finds relief from his grieving in Shelley's poem "To the Moon," and he himself writes a villanelle asking, "Are you not weary of your ardent ways, / Lure of the fallen seraphim?" Heron, one of the protagonist's schoolmates, tries to get him to admit that Lord Byron was no good, and an early incident involves the protagonist's broken glasses, which Father Dolan thinks to be a scheme to avoid schoolwork. At another point, the protagonist confesses to sexual activity after hearing Father Arnall's sermon about hell. Beginning with the story of "a nicens little boy named baby tuckoo," this is, for 10 points, what novel about Stephen Dedalus by James Joyce?
Answer: A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
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At one point in this opera, a character bangs on a door and the entire building around her makes a "cavernous sighing" noise, and later, a blinding ray of light is accompanied by a C major chord in the entire orchestra. It begins with a sometimes-omitted spoken prologue that asks whether the stage is "outside or in." A minor second forms the blood motif in this work, in which an armory, a lake of tears, and a torture chamber are behind three of the seven doors in the titular structure now home to Judith. For 10 points, identify this psychological opera in which Judith discovers the three former wives of the title character, a work of Bela Bartok.
Answer: Duke Bluebeard's Castle [or A kekszakallu herceg vara]
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In the summer of 2002, the flooding of the Weisseritz caused heavy damage in this city. The Grunes Gewolbe in this city's state art galleries hosts a magnificent treasure collection, and its Semperoper is one of the most prominent opera houses in Europe. Other monuments include the Zwinger Palace, the Hofkirche, containing the heart of king August the strong, and the Frauenkirche, the reconstruction of which was finished in 2005. It is often referred to as the Florence of the Elbe. For 10 points, what is this capital of Saxony, ravaged by a February 1945 bombardment?
Answer: Dresden
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In one episode of this show, two characters quit their jobs to follow their dreams of becoming an actress and a veterinarian, but end up becoming addicted to crack in order to qualify for welfare. One character, an illiterate pauper, is hopelessly in love with a barista who won't give him the time of day. That character, Charlie, played by the show's producer, Charlie Day, turns out to be the illegitimate son of the wealthy Frank Reynolds. For 10 points, name this show, which just ended its third season on FX, in which the dysfunctional losers Charlie, Dennis, Mac, and Diandra interact with Frank, played by Danny DeVito, and run Paddy's Pub in an east-coast city.
Answer: It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia
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An element of an algebraic closure system has this property if and only if it is finitely generated. The Arzela-Ascoli theorem gives a set of criteria for determining whether a subset of the set of continuous functions between two metric spaces has this property, and Tychonoff's theorem states that the topological product of any number of spaces with this property will also have it. A set is said to have this property if every open cover contains a finite subcover. For 10 points, identify this topological property that, when applied to subsets of Rn according to the Heine-Borel theorem, is equivalent to being closed and bounded.
Answer: compactness
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It was not codified until the 1091 Synod of Beneventum by Pope Urban II, though, in the Lives of the Saints, Aelfric notes its practice as in the 990s. It occurs between Quinquagesima Sunday and Quadragesima Sunday, and readings on it are usually taken from the Book of Joel, Corinithians II, and the Gospel of Matthew. In the Catholic Church, the priest wears a violet cope and it's known as dies cinerum, while Eastern Orthodoxy replaces it with Clean Monday. For 10 points, name this day that marks the beginning of Lent with its namesake cinders and comes immediately after Shrove Tuesday.
Answer: Ash Wednesday
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This man had Henry Holland refurbish Carlton House for him, and later in his life, he had the lavish Brighton Pavillion built. Almost bankrupt by an exorbitant lifestyle, he was only aided by Parliament after he gave up his relationship with the Catholic Maria Fitzherbert. After the birth of his daughter Charlotte, Princess of Wales, he effectively separated from Caroline of Brunswick, whom he targeted with the Bill of Pains and Penalties. Several times, he stood in for his father, who was suffering from porphyria. For 10 points, who was this prince-regent, brother and predecessor of William IV, the last of four consecutive kings with the same name?
Answer: George IV [or George Augustus Frederick]
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This author used the Welsh surgeon Dr. Morgan as a background character in two different novels, one of which incorporates the memoirs of Lady Vane and contains a fortunately timed repayment of a loan by Benjamin Chintz. The protagonist of that novel married Emilia Gauntlet after leaving prison. This author also wrote of the poor speller Win Jenkins and of an officer on the HMS Thunder who gets a job for his nephew, who later fights for Louis XIV. Another of this title characters is found, via a snuff box, to be the bastard son of Matthew Bramble. For 10 points, name this author of Peregrine Pickle, Roderick Random, and Humphrey Clinker.
Answer: Tobias Smollett
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A woman who had been this man's housekeeper was painted by him wearing a veil in mourning in the painting Leocadia, while he painted two young men each raising a wooden object ready to strike the other in his Duel with Cudgels. Those works were part of a series he did in the "House of the Deaf Man," while he did a series of 80 etchings, including "Hunting for Teeth," called Caprichos. Another of his paintings possibly depicting the Duchess of Alba was scandalous for its depiction of pubic hair, while his later works include his 14 Black Paintings. For 10 points, name this painter of The Nude Maja, whose Disasters of War series contains The Third of May, 1808.
Answer: Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes
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In one of his books, Moll Robbins is looking for a pornographic film Hitler supposedly made in his bunker. This man's third novel centers on a reclusive rock star named Bucky Wunderlick. That novel, The Great Jones Street, contains a fictional music magazine called Running Dog, which is also the name of one of his later novels. One of his major works ends with the sleazy Willie Mink being shot after the protagonist learns that he is trading drugs for sex with Babette. The drug "Dylar" appears in that novel, in which Jack Gladney is a professor in the field of "Hitler Studies." For 10 points, name this American author of The Body Artist, Cosmopolis, and White Noise.
Answer: Don DeLillo
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This future governor of Syria repaired strained relations with one of his political allies at the Luca conference. Early in his life, he had to flee to Hispania to avoid a purge. He profited heavily from some proscriptions to the point that he was nicknamed dives. During the Spartacus uprising, he raised and train troops at his own expense and led them to victory. He accused Pompey of stealing the victory from him, and he later lost the Roman standards and was captured at the Battle of Carrhae, where he enjoyed a refreshing beverage of molten gold as he was killed by the Parthians. For 10 points, who was this member of the first triumvirate?
Answer: Marcus Licinius Crassus
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Defective versions of these can result in RCPD, AMN, and X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy. Another defect results in the inability to metabolize phytanic acid, a condition known as Refsum disease, and it is also the location where plasmalogen synthesis begins. Some proteins being targeted to this organelle rely on a string of serine-lysine-leucine residues at the C-terminus, the SLK sequence. Those amino acids bind to PTSR receptors, defects in which can cause Zellweger syndrome. Fatty acids are oxidized to acetyl CoA here, though it is best known for the enzyme catalase. For 10 points, name this organelle that isolates and degrades toxic peroxide species.
Answer: peroxisomes
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He collaborated with David Ames Curtis to conduct the first scholarly investigation into the life and work of author Harriet Wilson. He identified the Yoruba deity Esu as the origin of a literary device which he found in several authors, and he later argued for the inclusion of more black writers in standard courses in his Loose Canons. He parodied a Wallace Stevens title in his Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Black Man, and he explained a certain concept of African speech as an exchange of hyperbole for no fixed end in Figures in Black and The Signifying Monkey. For 10 points, name this Harvard-based figure in African-American studies and editor of the Encarta Africana.
Answer: Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
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This composer's chamber works include a single-movement piece in C minor usually known as the Quartettsatz, as well as a sonata in A minor for arpeggione and piano. His Rondo in A Major and Fantasy in F minor are major four-handed works for piano, and like Rachmaninoff he composed a set of four Moments musicaux for solo piano. "Die Leiermann" closes another work whose movements include "Auf dem Flusse" and "Der Lindenbaum," and the song "Die Forelle" is the basis for one movement of a piece that substitutes a double bass for the usual second violin. For 10 points, name this composer of Die Winterreise, the Trout Quintet, and the Unfinished Symphony.
Answer: Franz Schubert
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Operation Crossbow targeted its storage facilities in St-Leu d'Esserent and Nucourt, and in Operation Hydra, its basis at Peenemunde was attacked. It was nicknamed "doodlebug" for its characteristic humming sound, and it was produced by Fieseler. It was mainly targeted at Antwerp and London, and in total, it cost more than twenty thousand lives. The Luftwaffe counterpart to the Wehrmacht's A4, it was launched from the Heinkel 111 craft or the ground. For 10 points, name this "flying bomb" used by the Nazis, whose code name was incremented for some surface-to-surface missiles designed by Werner von Braun.
Answer: V1 [or Vergeltungswaffe 1]
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Some of the medieval sources about this god may have plagiarized his tales from the Cycle of the Narts, an Ossetian epic which contains the very similar figure of Syrdon. He gave a gold-seeking ring to Hreidmar after stealing it from Andvari. In the Poetic Edda, this figure is invited to a feast given by Aegir, the sea god, but he loses his temper, kills a servant, and is driven off. The son of the giant Farbauti, this figure who will be killed by Heimdall at Ragnarok himself fathered Hel. A giant with the ability to change shape at will, he uses his powers to give birth to Odin's horse, Sleipnir. For 10 points, name this husband of Sigyn and Norse trickster god.
Answer: Loki
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The Falicov-Kimball model gives upper and lower bounds for this quantity, while the Gibbs-Bogoliubov inequality generates an upper bound to it in liquid alkali metals. Its electrical component can be calculated from Debye's charging law, while it can be derived from the Clausius inequality under isochoric conditions. Dividing this quantity by negative temperature squared relates it to the partial derivative of Gibbs free energy, and taking its derivative with respect to particle number gives chemical potential. For 10 points, name this quantity that describes the amount of useful work available from a closed system at constant temperature, calculated as U minus TS.
Answer: Helmholtz free energy
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At the beginning of this novel, a mysterious professor informs Berlioz, the editor of a literary magazine, that he will be decapitated by a truck. Later, the professor and one of the title characters use Berlioz's skull as a goblet from which they drink blood on Walpurgis Night. A strange magic show the professor and his assistants give at the Variety Theatre throws MASSOLIT into disarray, and one title character has written a book about Pontius Pilate which makes up several sections of the novel. For 10 points, name this sature about the devil visiting atheist Moscow, a work by Mikhail Bulgakov.
Answer: The Master and Margarita [or Master i Margarita]
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This man's father was known by a Greek word for "destroyer of foes" and was denied in a request for a philospoher that he sent to Antiochus I. The different seats of power for his sons Kunala and Dasharatha suggest that Magadha and Gandhara may have become independent of each other after this man's death. This convener of the Council of Patna sent his son Mihinda as an emissary to King Tissa of Sri Lanka. His attempts to extend the "dhamma" throughout his land led to him to promulgate the Rock Edicts, after he was shocked at the results of his war in Kalinga. For 10 points, name this third ruler of the Mauryan dynasty, who converted to pacifist Buddhism.
Answer: Ashoka Maurya
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Erwin Finlay-Freundlich proposed one explanation for this phenomenon that claimed its strength should be proportional to the radiation density. A version of this phenomenon in the CMB is known as the Sachs-Wolfe effect, while the quantity that describes the strength of this effect has a value of about 1100 for the surface of last scattering. One version of this effect was measured using the Mossbauer effect in an experiment by Pound and Rebka, and the magnitude of this effect is usually denoted "z." For 10 points, name this phenomenon, which can be caused by gravity or the Doppler effect, in which the wavelength of an object's light appears longer to an observer.
Answer: redshift [do not accept or prompt on "Doppler effect"]
2008 ACF Regionals Bonuses by Stanford A
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Answer the following about the Burgundian empire in the fifteenth century, for 10 points each.,
[10] Duke Philip the Good established this order of chivalry in 1430, to celebrate his marriage with Isabella of Aviz. It lives on to date, through an Austrian and Spanish branch.
Answer: the order of the Golden Fleece
[10] The Burgundian dynasty ended with the death of Charles the Bold. His daughter and heir, Mary, married this Habsburgian, who was made a knight of the golden fleece in 1478 and became Holy Roman Emperor.
Answer: Maximilian I of Habsburg
[10] Mary's father, Charles the Bold, had died one year earlier, in 1477, trying to conquer the city of Nancy, where Stanyslaw Leszczynski eventually built Stanislas Palace for this king, who also constructed Versailles.
Answer: Louis XIV
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The bearded figure in this portrait is sitting in a chair with a coat and hat covering his legs, and he is facing left so we can only see him from the side. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this painting currently in the Glasgow Art Gallery depicting Thomas Carlyle.
Answer: Arrangement in Grey and Black, No. 2: Portrait of Thomas Carlyle
[10] This American painted the Arrangement in Grey and Black, No. 2, as well as the first painting of that name, which depicted his mother.
Answer: James Abbott McNeill Whistler
[10] This painting by Whistler depicts fireworks against a dark background. John Ruskin didn't like this painting, accusing Whistler of "flinging a pot of paint in the public's face."
Answer: Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket [prompt on "Falling Rocket"]
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It has a noted preference for the endo product. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this reaction in which a conjugated diene reacts with a dienophile to form a substituted cyclohexene.
Answer: Diels-Alder reaction
[10] The Diels-Alder is an example of this kind of concerted reaction, in which the transition state is a ring structure, and all new bonds form at the same time.
Answer: pericyclic
[10] Another example of a pericyclic reaction is this [3,3] rearrangement seen in 1,5 dienes. It is named for the same American whose elimination reaction converts an amine oxide into an alkene and hydroxyl amine.
Answer: Cope rearrangement
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His works include Formal and Transcendental Logic and Cartesian Meditations. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this German philosopher who founded phenomenology.
Answer: Edmund Husserl
[10] Husserl's lecture "Phenomenology and Anthropology" was directed against two people Husserl labeled as "antipodes." One was this author of What Are Poets For? and Being and Time, who liked Nazis and made-up words.
Answer: Martin Heidegger
[10] The other "antipode" was this author of The Nature of Sympathy and On the Eternal in Man, who later became the subject of Pope John Paul II's doctoral dissertation.
Answer: Max Scheler
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Answer the following about translation for 10 points each.,
[10] Translation occurs on these organelles, which are assembled in the nucleolus and consist of their namesake RNA and proteins.
Answer: ribosomes
[10] Eukaryotic translation begins when the ribosome recognizes this stretch of mRNA, usually ACCATGG, a few bases upstream of the start codon.
Answer: Kozak consensus sequence
[10] In prokaryotes, the start codon AUG codes for the formyl version of this amino acid. Eukaryotes initiate translation with the unmodified version of it.
Answer: methionine
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In this game, the player must come to terms with his destiny as a child of the dead god of murder, Bhaal. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this sequel, released in 2000, in which the player travels to such locations as Athkatla, Trademeet, and the Underdark.
Answer: Baldur's Gate II: Shadows of Amn
[10] This Edmonton-based company created Baldur's Gate II, as well as other RPGs such as Knights of the Old Republic and, recently, the sci-fi game Mass Effect.
Answer: Bioware Corporation
[10] BioWare is now working on an RPG game for this allegedly iconic character who hasn't been in a good game since 1993, instead starring in a lot of crap involving cats going fishing and his "edgy" counterpart Shadow.
Answer: Sonic the Hedgehog
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Identify these American poets, for 10 points each.,
[10] She compares the title entity to "Gieseking playing Scarlatti" in her poem "The Mind Is an Enchanting Thing," but she's better known for writing, "I, too, dislike it" in "Poetry."
Answer: Marianne Moore
[10] This poet declares, "This poem is concerned with language on a very plain level," in his "Paradoxes and Oxymorons." He also wrote Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror.
Answer: John Ashbery
[10] A painting of Mike Goldberg's entitled "Sardines" features in this poet's "Why I Am Not a Painter," and other poems include "The Day Lady Died" and "Having a Coke With You."
Answer: Frank O'Hara
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Answer the following about a South-American river system, for 10 points each.,
[10] This river flows through Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina, before merging with the Uruguay river and forming the Rio de la Plata.
Answer: Parana River [or Rio Parana]
[10] This dam on the Parana river, on the border between Paraguay and Brazil, is one of the largest in the world, generating over 10 gigawatts of electricity:
Answer: Itaipu dam
[10] This third-largest Argentinian city is located on the Parana river, some 200 miles northwest of Buenos Aires. It is located in the Santa Fe province, and was the birthplace of Che Guevara.
Answer: Rosario
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Answer some questions about a model of the hydrogen atom for 10 points each.,
[10] This dude's 1913 theory of the hydrogen atom said that the electrons can only have certain quantized values for their energy, and gave the correct approximate formula for the energy levels of hydrogen.
Answer: Niels Bohr
[10] Bohr's model finally explained this formula for determining an atom's spectral lines. It uses its namesake's constant, which is given in units of inverse meters.
Answer: Rydberg formula
[10] One of the Bohr model's shortcomings was dealing with hyperfine splitting, which is responsible for the production of this radiofrequency spectral line around 1420 MHz used to map much of the hydrogen in the universe.
Answer: 21 centimeter line
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It contains the books of prophets such as Omni, Helaman, and Mosiah. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this book of scripture, translated from golden plates by Joseph Smith.
Answer: The Book of Mormon
[10] The book begins with the account of this son of Lehi, who led his family out of Jerusalem and across the Atlantic to the Americas. His descendents became the civilized peoples of the Book of Mormon.
Answer: Nephi
[10] Two of Lehi's other sons, Laman and Lemuel, were cursed to become wild for their disobedience. Their descendents supposedly became these people.
Answer: Native Americans [or American Indians; or any obvious equivalents]
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Answer the following about the revolutionary year 1848, for 10 points each.,
[10] March 1848 saw the downfall of this Austrian conservative politician, one of the architects of the Congress of Vienna, after street riots in Vienna.
Answer: Klemens Wenzel von Metternich
[10] Metternich offered his resignation to this weakling emperor, the son of Francis I. He was succeeded by his nephew Francis-Joseph after the revolution was suppressed:
Answer: Ferdinand I of Austria [or Ferdinand V of Bohemia and Hungary; prompt on Ferdinand]
[10] This man, prime minister and foreign minister of Austria as of November 1848, engineered the succession of Ferdinand by Franz-Joseph. He died in 1852 after firmly reestablishing Habsburg rule.
Answer: Felix, Prinz zu Schwarzenberg
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It has a continuous and discontinuous branch. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this geological diagram that shows the crystallization of various igneous rocks from cooling magma.
Answer: Bowen's Reaction Series
[10] Just above quartz on Bowen's Reaction Series is this phyllosilicate mineral, the most common member of the mica family, named for its use in Russian glass.
Answer: muscovite
[10] The "black" mica to muscovite's "white," this other mica appears at the bottom of the discontinuous branch of Bowen's Reaction Series. It is an iron-rich variety of phlogopite.
Answer: biotite
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This work focuses on three groups of people: the Dobu of New Guinea, the Zuni of the American Southwest, and the Kwakiutl of the Pacific Northwest. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this 1934 work of anthropology that discusses "personality writ large."
Answer: Patterns of Culture
[10] This anthropologist wrote Patterns of Culture, and analyzed Japanese culture in The Chrysanthemum and the Sword.
Answer: Ruth Benedict
[10] Ruth Benedict wrote a 1931 book entitled "Tales of" this title group of Native Americans.
Answer: Tales of the Cochiti Indians
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Name some American playwrights, for 10 points each.,
[10] He wrote such plays as All My Sons and A View from the Bridge.
Answer: Arthur Miller
[10] This kindergarten teacher wrote 1997's Wit, about a Donne scholar who is dying of cancer.
Answer: Margaret Edson
[10] Many of his works are set in California, including the novel The Human Comedy and the play The Time of Your Life.
Answer: William Saroyan
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Identify the following Polish composers for 10 points each.,
[10] Four Ballades and four Scherzos are among the pieces by this piano virtuoso and composer of nocturnes, waltzes, and the "Revolutionary" etude.
Answer: Frederic Chopin
[10] His St. Luke's Passion features an a cappella setting of the Stabat Mater. Other works include the Polish Requiem and Threnody for the Victims of Hiroshima.
Answer: Krzysztof Penderecki
[10] This 20th century composer was influenced by folk tunes in his early works, but later used the 12 tone system for his Funeral Music and composed aleatory pieces like Venetian Games. He also wrote two pieces called Chain.
Answer: Witold Lutoslawski
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Contrary to common belief, the Crusaders weren't just mindless thugs aiming to kill innocent Muslims: they killed fellow Christians, too. For 10 points each:,
[10] This Pope, reigning from 1198 till 1216, launched the appeal for the Fourth Crusade; a big fan of crusades, he also launched the Albigensian one and laid an interdict on England to get King John in line.
Answer: Innocent III [or Lotario di Segni]
[10] This Venetian doge managed to reroute the crusade to Constantinople, in order to eliminate a competitor. After his death in 1205, he was buried in the Hagia Sophia.
Answer: Enrico Dandolo
[10] After the conquest of Constantinople, Baldwin of Flanders was elected emperor and established this short-lived dynasty of Byzantine rulers, named for its foreign tongue.
Answer: the Latin Dynasty of Constantinople
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Answer the following about a British novelist who used the pen name Currier Bell, for 10 points each.,
[10] She visited Brussels with her sister Emily in 1842, an experience which would color some of her later works, but not her most famous one, Jane Eyre.
Answer: Charlotte Bronte
[10] William Crimsworth, an Englishman, teaches at a Belgian girls' boarding-school in this excessively dull first novel of Charlotte Bronte.
Answer: The Professor
[10] In this other Charlotte Bronte novel, Lucy Snowe teaches at an all-girls boarding school in the titular fictional Belgian city. The book ends with the probable death of Lucy's lover Paul.
Answer: Vilette
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Answer the following about colonialism in Africa, for 10 points each.,
[10] This central African territory, rich in ivory and rubber, came under the control of the International African Association in the 1870s. It soon became notorious for human rights abuses under the Belgian king.
Answer: The Congo Free State
[10] Name the Belgian monarch who ran the Congo Free State as his personal property until 1908.
Answer: Leopold II [prompt on Leopold]
[10] This British consul to the CFS wrote a widely disseminated report on the brutal conditions there raised popular opinion against Leopold. He was later executed for his role in the Easter Rising.
Answer: Roger Casement
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Identify the following sculptors of the 20th century, for 10 points each.,
[10] A slab of marble with two dents is this sculptor's Head. This Swiss sculptor, who designed the set of Waiting for Godot, is also known for elongated human figures like Torso and Tall Figures.
Answer: Alberto Giacometti
[10] He didn't do much in the 20th century besides busts of famous people after the miserable failure of his Balzac in 1898. He was already quite famous, though, thanks to Burghers of Calais, the Gates of Hell, and The Thinker.
Answer: Auguste Rodin
[10] He depicts a beggar woman whose cloak is drawn over her head in his sculpture `Have pity!'. Other works include the Magdeburger Ehrenmal, or Magdeburg cenotaph.
Answer: Ernst Barlach
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It was the inspiration for the Henry James short story "Paste." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this story, in which Loisel borrows the titular item from her old friend Forestier and loses it, only to find out later that it is a fake.
Answer: "The Necklace" [or "La Parure"]
[10] This French author wrote "The Necklace."
Answer: Guy de Maupassant
[10] The jealousy between the two titular brothers from the Roland family is the focus of this novel by Maupassant.
Answer: Pierre et Jean [or Pierre and Jean]
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It opens in 1969, as a blue Plymouth is spotted in Kerala. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel in which Sophie Mol dies and a carpenter named Velutha, who is an untouchable, is killed for supposedly raping his lover, the higher-caste Ammu.
Answer: The God of Small Things
[10] The God of Small Things was the first novel by this Indian author of The End of Imagination.
Answer: Arundhati Roy
[10] In this 2002 collection of political writing, Roy discusses issues dealing with imperialism and power. It contains the essays The End of Imagination and War Talk.
Answer: The Algebra of Infinite Justice
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Diodes are made from these materials, examples of which include gallium arsenide. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these materials integral to modern electronics, which have slightly more conductivity than insulators.
Answer: semiconductors
[10] The electronic band structure of semiconductors is characterized by the presence of one of these; its value is zero for conductors, and several electron-volts for insulators.
Answer: band gap
[10] This theorem, named for a US-Swiss physicist, states that in view of the lattice symmetry, the electron wave functions are periodically modulated free electron waves; it simplifies band structure calculations quite a bit.
Answer: Bloch theorem

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