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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Regionals Tossups by Maryland
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Part 1 of this work, which was originally meant to have a section called "Christmas games with the Christ child," opens with an allegro impetuoso whose polyphony was inspired by the composer's recent studies of Bach and features a notable trombone motif. The "Eternal-Feminine" section of its 2nd part was admired when it premiered, and follows a section featuring Doctor Marianus while preceding an instrumental coda of the first part, a setting of the Latin hymn "Veni, creator spiritus." For 10 points, identify this work whose second part is a setting of the final scene of Faust, the eighth symphony by Mahler, nicknamed for the large number of musicians who performed it.
Answer: Symphony of a Thousand [accept Mahler's Symphony Number 8 before mentioned]
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The title character of this work is called le phenix de la famille, referring to the likelihood of his success. The black sack into which the title character dreams he is falling represents the trauma of rebirth into an authentic life. The title character's friend, Peter, only appears in the first chapter, and while representative of the bourgeois society the author deplores, his last name and receptiveness to Gerasim's observation that God wills everyone to die hints at a possible future awakening. The title character realizes his contempt for his wife, Praskovya, and hope for his son, Vasya, while his health declines. For 10 points, name this Tolstoy novel about the demise of a Russian judge.
Answer: The Death of Ivan Ilyich
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One of his experiments demonstrated that the meaning of a single character trait changed with the attribution of new traits like "warm" or "cold," which reversed the traditional behaviorist view of impression formation. This psychologist discovered that American students agreed more with a quote attributed to Jefferson than the same quote attributed to Lenin in his experiment on "prestige suggestion." In another of his experiments, 123 subjects were asked to participate in a vision test; only 29 percent of subjects gave a correct answer after a series of confederates deliberately lied about the length of a line. For 10 points, identify this psychologist who studied conformity.
Answer: Solomon Asch
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A recent paper used a Zeldovich-like non-perturbative approach to improve on the Chaplygin gas model of it. The properties of this phenomenon, which was named by Michael Turner, are described in one of the Friedmann equations, where it is modified by a scale factor. One form of it appears in the Robertson-Walker metric, and in one model, it is derived from a dynamic scalar field, known as quintessence. Much of the evidence for it is from Type Ia supernovae, while the constant density version is encompassed by the cosmological constant. For 10 points, identify this substance comprising 75% of the cosmos, a force that acts to accelerate the rate of expansion of the universe.
Answer: dark energy
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A key scene in this work takes place at a bar called "Fishermen's Rest" and recalls another character's unsuccessful wooing of Angele. Its numerous sequels include I Will Repay and The Laughing Cavalier, and describe a namesake "league" created by Philip Glynde and Richard Galveston. It closes on the ship Day Dream, while minor characters include Tony Dewhurst and Andrew Foulkes. De Comte is able to come along for the ride after Chauvelin is thwarted and Armand St. Just is rescued, and Marguerite discovers that her husband, Percy Blakeney, is secretly rescuing victims of the French Revolution in, for 10 points, what colorfully-titled novel by Baroness Emma Orczy?
Answer: The Scarlet Pimpernel
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A resident of this country's village of Chiradzulu criticized the rampant vampire problem in the Thyolo and Chikwawa areas by suggesting that blood-suckers could contract AIDS. An urban governor here was stoned for harboring vampires, and this country's Sanjika Palace was reportedly host to a series of mysterious dwarves. More recently, journalists reported that invisible rodents crawled on the president here. Attractions in this country include Mount Mulanje and the citie sof Monkey Bay and Nkhata Bay . Home to the source of the Shire (shee-ray) River, for 10 points, name this country whose cities include Zomba, Blantyre, and Lilongwe, formerly called Nyasaland.
Answer: Republic of Malawi [prompt on "Nyasaland" before mentioned]
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In some myths, Dionysus earned a spot among the Olympians after getting this god drunk and transporting him to Olympus on the back of a mule in order to release Hera from a magic throne. Erechtheus, a legendary king of Athens, is said to have been produced by this god's abortive attempt at having sex with Athena and sprung from this god's spilt seed. In the Iliad, he is married to Aglaea, one of the Charities, while his better known partner was caught in a net with Ares and hauled before the rest of the Olympians. The parthenogenic son of Hera, identify, for 10 points, this lame husband of Aphrodite, the Greek god of volcanoes, the forge and fire.
Answer: Hephaestus
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This author commanded "Phoebus make haste, the day's too long, be gone" in one poem, and another of this author's poems compares a contemporary leader to Semiramis, Zenobia, and Cleopatra. Ecclesiastes inspired this author to write "The Vanity of All Worldly Things," and this author described being "waken'd...with thund'ring noise" and the "fearful sound of 'fire'" in "Verses Upon the Burning of Our House." John Woodbridge secretly published the most famous collection of this author's poems, which included "The Author to Her Book" and "To My Dear and Loving Husband." For 10 points, name this colonial poet of The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America.
Answer: Anne Bradstreet
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One device named for this man is used in optical isolators and is governed in part by the Verdet constant. That device, known as his rotator, makes use of his eponymous effect, whereby ferromagnetic resonance leads to circular birefringence to change the polarization angle of light upon application of a magnetic field. One law named for him makes use of his eponymous constant, which has a value of about 96,000 Coulombs per mole. Another law named for him concerns the relationship between the time derivative of magnetic flux and the electromotive force it generates. For 10 points, identify this namesake of a law of induction and of the SI unit for capacitance.
Answer: Michael Faraday
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General Francois, a commander on the winning side of this battle, was ultimately able to take Soldau. It was made possible due to the recall of von Waldersee and Prittwitz. One side was able to use data obtained from unencrypted wireless signals to learn that the enemy's Second Army would not be joined by General Rennenkampf. As a consequence of this battle, A. V. Samsonov shot himself after surrendering some 95,000 troops, and Ludendorff and Hindenburg built prestige. For 10 points, identify this early defeat for the Russians in World War I, also the site of a medieval defeat for the Teutonic Knights.
Answer: Second Battle of Tannenberg [or Battle of Stebark]
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One speaker in this work expounds on the difference between the heavenly and the vulgar type of the central concept, while another speaker, after criticizing the unharmoniousness of sneezing, describes why certain deities are lacking in temples. One speaker breaks from the earlier statements of Eryximachus by describing how a figure that rolled around with four arms and four legs was split in two by Zeus to form modern humans. It takes place after its host has won the prize for best tragedy, and it features Alcibiades and Aristophanes chumming it up with Socrates over some drinks at a dinner party. For 10 points, identify this Platonic dialogue that concerns a discussion of love.
Answer: Symposium
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He showed two hands shaking and a combination of a hammer and a sickle extending out of a man's face in the Carnival of the Ideologies. His opposition to World War II was manifest in his publicly painted send up of mechanized warfare, Dive Bomber and Tank, while he fled his home country following his series that depicted the lives of prostitutes, The House of Tears. In a series of frescos, he depicted scenes such as Gods of the Modern World and Symbols of Nationalism in his Epic of American Civilization, which also included the Coming... and Return of Quetzalcoatl. For 10 points, identify this contemporary of Diego Rivera, a Mexican muralist.
Answer: Jose Clemente Orozco
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This band's most recent release contained a cover of "Scarlet Begonias" from a KUCI Radio performance and an acoustic version of Bob Marley's "Real Situation", a compilation album titled Everything Under the Sun. "Rawhide" for a time appeared after one of their first hits, a song that ends with a man encountering "a large inmate." Their most popular album contained a track about the Rodney King riots, "April 29, 1992", and their song "Badfish" has lent its name to a popular tribute band that exists mainly due to vocalist Bradley Nowell's 1996 death. Also recording "Smoke Two Joints" and "Date Rape", for 10 points, identify this band of"Wrong Way" and "What I Got".
Answer: Sublime
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This politician attempted to sink the confirmation of Abe Fortas to the Supreme Court by accusing him of promoting pornography, and he derided the Court in his book The Faith We Have Not Kept. Early in his career, he lost to Olin Johnston, while after his death it was revealed that he had sired Essie Mae Washington-Williams with Turch Butler. He was the first person elected to the Senate via write-in and is notable for his marathon efforts to block the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1957. For 10 points, name this deceased South Carolinian, a one-time presidential candidate of the State's Rights Democratic Party known for his long filibusters and incredible oldness.
Answer: James Strom Thurmond
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One character in this opera addresses the audience during the prologue and reminds them that the actors are real people with feelings in "Si puo? Signore! Signori!" Set in Calabria on the Feast of the Assumption, trouble starts when two characters go off to a tavern to drink in the afternoon while Tonio stays behind to make advances on the main character's wife, who was waiting for her secret lover Silvio. The main character sings "Vesti la giubba" to prepare himself for their show, in which Colombina's exploits mirror the real-life situation and lead Canio to murder Nedda. For 10 points, name this opera about tragedy in a commedia dell'arte troupe by Ruggero Leoncavallo.
Answer: Pagliacci [or Clowns]
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In 2008, a roundabout mechanism for this type of reaction was observed in gas phase interactions between chloride ions and methyl iodine gas. The Finkelstein reaction, which involves two halides, proceeds through this mechanism, as does a common method of producing primary and secondary amines. It is greatly enhanced in the presence of crown ethers due to solvation effects freeing up anions, and this mechanism's transition state is trigonal bipyramidal as a change in the stereochemistry of the system occurs known as the Walden Inversion. For 10 points, identify this type of reaction in which a nucleophile forces out a leaving group and takes its place in a single step.
Answer: SN2 Reaction [or bimolecular nucleophilic substitution (accept in any order)]
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This commissioner of Kiplin Hall was opposed in one venture by William Claiborne. His efforts to secure the Spanish Match were thwarted by the idiotic usurpations of the Duke of Buckingham, which, combined with George Cottington's report on his personal life, cost this politician his post as Secretary of State. He had earlier employed Edward Wynne to scout out a grant in Newfoundland he dubbed Avalon, and he died shortly before his long-time goal was realized, due to negotiations with sugar plantation investors. Thus, his son Caecilius took over. For 10 points, identify this Catholic who established the colony of Maryland, a state whose largest city now bears his name.
Answer: George Calvert, First Lord Baltimore [accept either underlined part]
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This author responded to press coverage of the Baader-Meinhof terrorists by writing The Safety Net. One of this author's title characters responds to the question "How about us having a bang for a start?" by shooting Werner Totges, an investigative reporter for Die ZIETUNG. This proponent of "rubble literature" also wrote novels about Hans Schnier, who returns to Bonn after injuring himself performing, and a novel composed of interviews about Leni Pfeiffer. In addition to The Clown and Group Portrait With Lady, this author wrote about Robert Faehmel, an architect who demolishes St. Anthony's Abbey. For 10 points, name this author of Billards at Half-Past Nine.
Answer: Heinrich Boll
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Deficiency of this substance can sometimes result from Hartnup's Disease and Carcinoid syndrome, the latter of which occurs because tumors cause tryptophan to be used to create serotonin rather than this vitamin. Children at risk of Type-I diabetes are injected with its derivative to protect beta cells from decay, while its non-derived form has been used to reduce LDL levels. A more typical deficiency of this vitamin comes from diets reliant primarily on maize, an affliction known as pellagra, and its derivative is primarily used in the body to form coenzymes NADP and NAD. For 10 points, name this substance also known as Vitamin B3.
Answer: Niacin [or Nicotinic Acid; accept Vitamin B3 before mentioned]
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A member of this family with the epithet The Fearless got captured after the Battle of Nicopolis when he traveled to Hungary to fight the Turks in the Burgundian Crusade. Anthony I became the first ruler of this line to claim the title of Duke of Brabant, while female members of this line included a Duchess of Burgundy known as Mary the Rich. The first significant ruler of this dynasty put down a revolt in Flanders, culminating in the massacre at the Battle of Cassel, and suffered a defeat of his navy at Sluys at the outbreak of the Hundred Years War. For 10 points, identify this dynasty founded by Phillip VI, which came to power after the Capetians in France.
Answer: House/Dynasty of Valois
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In some versions of Tibetan Buddhism, this figure guards the southeastern direction as one of eight lokopala, spirits and deities assigned to watch over a specific direction. In some scriptures, this figure rides in a grand chariot pulled by parrots, but is more commonly cited as being pulled by goats or by riding his mount, a ram. One of his alternate names is `Saptajihva' and refers to his actions in using his seven tongues to lick up a sacrificial offering of butter. This god was born of friction by using a namesake drill, a device that is used in his worship to create pyres. Immortal from his torches being lit everyday, fro 10 points, identify this Vedic and Hindu deity of fire.
Answer: Agni
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This theorem can be used to prove Taylor's Theorem, of which it is also a generalization of, while a generalized version of this theorem can be used to prove L'hopital's rule. That form states that the quotient of the derivatives of two sections of a function at a certain point is equal to the quotient of the differences of the endpoint values, and is named for Cauchy. A special case is of it states that if a continuous function has the same value at the end points of an interval, its derivative must equal zero on that interval, and is named for Rolle. For 10 points, name this theorem which states that there is a least one point on an interval at which the slope is equal to the average derivative.
Answer: mean value theorem
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In one of his earliest works, a subway pervert is given a chance at redemption, but decides he would rather be happy as a social pariah than secure in a desk job. In addition to Homo Sexualis, this author described a character who reminisces about the Happy Days before he and his father were irradiated by a shining gold chrysanthemum in "The Day He Himself Shall Wipe My Tears Away." He also wrote a novel about the brothers Takashi and Mitsusaburo, and his son Hikari's autism influenced his novel about Bird. For 10 points, identify this Japanese author of Nip the Buds, Shoot the Kids,A Personal Matter, and The Silent Cry.
Answer: Oe Kenzaburo
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In addition to his political role, this man was also a prominent scholar, composing such philosophical and theological works as Basilikon Doron and The Demonologie. His attempt to marry his son to the Infanta Maria Anna was he first time this king called for Parliament in a period of seven years. This monarch had the `honor' of being the target of the Bye Plot, the Main Plot and most famously, the conspiracy of Catesby and Fawkes called the Gunpowder Plot. For 10 points, name this first monarch of the Stuart dynasty, a sixteenth-century British king who lends his name to an English translation of the Bible.
Answer: James I of England [or James VI of Scotland]
 
2008 ACF Regionals Bonuses by Maryland
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Identify these dramas by Friedrich Schiller, for 10 points each.,
[10] The title hero is jailed for failing to salute a cap, but eventually strikes a blow for Swiss independence by shooting the tyrant Gessler with an arrow. Oh yeah, he also successfully shoots an apple off of his son's head.
Answer: William Tell [or Wilhelm Tell]
[10] Originally engaged to Elizabeth of Valois until his father, Phillip the II, marries her, the title character of this play obsessively continues to long after her. It also criticizes the Duke of Alba and the corrupt cleric Domingo.
Answer: Don Carlos [or Don Karlos, Infant von Spanien]
[10] Schiller's first play, it was adapted into Verdi's opera I masnadieri. It focuses on the conflict between the outlaw brothers Karl and Franz Moor.
Answer: The Robbers [or Die Rauber]
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Identify the following about the work of Rosalind Franklin, for 10 points each.,
[10] Working in the same lab as Franklin, this guy was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1962 along with James Watson and Frances Crick for his contribution to the discovery of the true structure of DNA.
Answer: Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins
[10] Franklin used this method to develop the key picture needed to determine the structure of DNA. It works by charting the scattering of a certain type of electromagnetic radiation shot at an object.
Answer: X-Ray Crystallography [accept x-ray diffraction]
[10] One way to graphically represent the relationship between the wavelength of x-ray beams, the reciprocal lattice of the crystal, and the diffraction angle of a reflection of the beam is with a sphere named for this German physicist.
Answer: Paul Peter Ewald
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Identify the following about a recent TV revival, for 10 points each.,
[10] New features on this NBC show include playing "Another One Bites the Dust" when a contestant is knocked into the pool below after losing in Joust to people like Helga, Militia or Wolf. The Eliminator is also a lot harder.
Answer: American Gladiators
[10] Not surprisingly, this popular event from the original American Gladiators returns in the new show. Gladiators fire tennis balls at contestants who are trying to hit a target and knock the Gladiator into the water.
Answer: Assault
[10] One of the lame new events, apparently taken from UK Gladiators, is this one where Gladiators launch large hanging sacks at contestants trying to cross a bridge. It shares its name with a Simpsons GTA ripoff videogame.
Answer: Hit & Run
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It was constructed under Project PX at the University of Pennsylvania. For 10 points each:,
[10] Designed by J. Presper Eckert and John Maucly, this first electronic digital computer was commissioned by the army to calculate ballistic firing tables.
Answer: ENIAC [or Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer]
[10] The ENIAC made use of ten of these devices, modern types of which include SR, D, JK and T varieties. They can store a bit of data, and when combined they form groups called registers that can store data like integers.
Answer: Flip-Flop
[10] One of the components of the ENIAC was this "work horse of arithmetic," which still exists as a dedicated register in modern computers. Examples include the EAX register in x86 architecture for MUL and DIV operations.
Answer: Accumulator
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Identify the following about some artists who created cantorias, for 10 points each.,
[10] One of the most famous Renaissance cantorias was created by this man, commissioned for the Sacristy of the Masses in Florence. His cantoria contains an inscription of Psalm 150, as well as reliefs containing trumpet players.
Answer: Luca della Robbia
[10] This man, a contemporary of della Robbia, also created a cantoria for the Sacristy of the Masses. He is better remembered for a statue of St. George and for a freestanding nude depiction of David standing on Goliath's head.
Answer: Donatello [or Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi]
[10] Donatello also demonstrated his ability to create relief sculpture in this narrative piece for the Siena Baptistry, which progresses from the arches in the background to the title figure being presented John the Baptist's head.
Answer: The Feast of Herod
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Name these related Supreme Court decisions on free speech, for 10 points each. [accept reverse order of party names for any answer in this bonus],
[10] Oliver Wendell Holmes famously declared that speech is not constitutionally protected if it posed a "clear and present danger" in this 1919 case upholding the conviction of a man who advocated avoiding the draft.
Answer: Charles T. Shenck v. United States
[10] Holmes changed his opinion on the "clear and present danger" test in this case when he joined with Louis Brandeis to argue that distributing a pamphlet against US intervention in Russia was Constitutionally protected.
Answer: Jacob Abrams, et al. v. United States
[10] This 1969 decision concerning an Ohioan KKK member required that in order for speech to be restricted, that speech must be "directed to inciting or producing imminent lawless action," effectively overturning Abrams.
Answer: Clarence Brandenburg v. State of Ohio
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Identify these literary figures of the Harlem Renaissance, for 10 points each.,
[10] This prolific writer's first novel, "Not Without Laughter" was published in 1930 to much acclaim. He later co-wrote the screenplay for "Way Down South" and penned such poems as "The Negro Speaks of Rivers."
Answer: Langston Hughes
[10] This onetime consul to Venezuela couldn't get his comic opera "Tolosa" produced, but he had more success with his poetry collection "God's Trombones" and his novel, "The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man".
Answer: James Weldon Johnson
[10] This author of "Yet Do I Marvel," "Color," "Ballad of the Brown Girl," and "Copper Sun," penned The Black Christ and Other Poems during his Guggenheim fellowship.
Answer: Countee Cullen
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Answer the following about an electromagnetic quantity for 10 points each.,
[10] One conservation theorem says that the negative time derivative of energy density is equal to the product of current density and the electric field, plus the delta of this quantity.
Answer: Poynting vector
[10] The Poynting vector can be defined as the cross product of the electric and magnetic fields divided by this quantity, symbolized mu-naught.
Answer: permeability of free space [or vacuum permeability; accept magnetic constant]
[10] Radiation pressure is found by dividing the average intensity of the Poynting vector by this basic quantity, which doesn't change in any inertial frames of reference.
Answer: speed of light [prompt on c]
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Answer some questions about the colonial history of Brazil, for 10 points each.,
[10] Lavradores, essentially freelance slave owners, provided their services to the "engenhos," collective plantations which produced this labor-intensive crop.
Answer: sugarcane
[10] The dominant religious group in Brazil was this organization, who set up Reductions to convert and civilize the native population of Brazil. Back in Europe they had been established by some guy named Ignatius of Loyola.
Answer: Jesuits [or Society of Jesus or Societas Iesu]
[10] One of the groups that the Jesuits converted were these people, who lend their name with the Guarani to a language family that makes up most of the tongues of peoples native to Brazil.
Answer: Tupi
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It notably beat out The Maltese Falcon for the Best Picture Oscar. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1941 film, directed by John Ford and starring Walter Pidgeon and Maureen O'Hara, which tells the tale of the Morgan family's efforts to stay together in a Welsh mining town.
Answer: How Green Was My Valley?
[10] How Green Was My Valley? also notably beat out this Orson Welles film, in which the titular publishing mogul utters the word "Rosebud," for the Best Picture Oscar.
Answer: Citizen Kane
[10] John Ford won the last of his four Best Director Oscars for this film, featuring Maureen O'Hara as the love interest of John Wayne's character Sean Thornton, a former boxer going back to his family's farm in Ireland.
Answer: The Quiet Man
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His life was chronicled by his daughter, Anna Comnena, while his mother, Anna Dalassena, helped play a role in deposing his predecessor, Nicephorus III. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Byzantine emperor, who reigned during the time of the First Crusade.
Answer: Alexius I Comnenus [accept Alexius Comnenus; prompt on Alexius]
[10] Before the First Crusade, Alexius I was able to fight off the Normans by granting the merchants from this Italian city state, ruled by doges, immunity to taxes when trading in Constantinople.
Answer: Venice
[10] Despite that fact that Behemond I violated the oath he made to Alexius to return conquered land to the Byzantines, Alexius eventually got him to agree to making Antioch a vassal state of the empire in this 1108 treaty.
Answer: Treaty of Devol
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Answer the following about Japanese variants of Buddhism, for 10 points each.,
[10] According to this school of Buddhism, all have the Buddha-Nature, or the potential to attain enlightenment within them. This school rejects scriptures, rites, practices and good works, and favors meditation.
Answer: Zen [or chan or son]
[10] Founded by Honen and his disciples, followers of this sect believe they can achieve enlightenment simply by believing strongly in the Amidha Buddha. A "True" School of this sect is considered a lay movement.
Answer: Pure Land [or Jodo]
[10] Adherents of this sect believe enlightenment can be achieved in a single lifetime, and, like Zen, all have the Buddha-Nature within them. They strongly emphasize the Lotus Sutra, and Sokka Gakkai is considered part of it.
Answer: Nichiren [or Nichiren-kei sho shuha]
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Identify the following about the work of Joseph Schumpeter, for 10 points each.,
[10] Arguably Schumpeter's most famous work dealt with Socialism, Democracy and this other title concept, which Milton Friedman placed this concept alongside Democracy in an influential work.
Answer: Capitalism
[10] Schumpeter was a big fan of this French economist, who helped establish the Lausanne school with Pareto and who is probably best remembered for writing Elements of Pure Economics.
Answer: Marie-Espirit-Leon Walras
[10] These entities were also investigated by Schumpeter in a namesake 1939 work. Ones of long duration are often known as Kondratieff waves, such as economic expansion between 1896 and 1920.
Answer: business cycles [prompt on "Business Fluctuations", as that isn't the title of a work by Schumpeter but is another name for them]
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Identify some things relating to the Roman navy, for 10 points each.,
[10] One of the early keys to Roman victory at sea was the use of this device, a grappling hook attached to a plank whose name means "crow" or "raven." It allowed Roman marines to board Carthaginian ships at Mylae.
Answer: corvus [or corvi]
[10] After the Second Punic War, Hannibal fled to this kingdom and served as an admiral under Antiochus III. Hannibal would lose a battle near Side to Rome's ally Rhodes while leading this kingdom's navy.
Answer: Seleucid Kingdom/Empire etc
[10] Later, this 31 BCE battle saw the defeat of the combined forces of Antony and Cleopatra off the coast of Greece at the hands of Octavian.
Answer: Battle of Actium
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Identify the following about the geography of a certain country, for 10 points each.,
[10] The Visayas islands separate this country's two largest island groups, the Mindanno Islands the Luzon Islands, the latter of which contains Manila Bay.
Answer: The Philippines
[10] This once-dormant volcano located on the island of Luzon erupted in 1991, causing considerable damage to nearby Clark Air Force Base.
Answer: Mount Pinatubo
[10] Malacanang Palace, the official residence of the President of the Philippines, lies on this river's north bank. It connects Laguna de Bay to Manila Bay and bisects the Manila Metropolitan Area.
Answer: Pasig River [or Ilog Pasig]
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Identify the following about a certain philosopher, for 10 points each.,
[10] Although he also wrote the influential History of Great Britain, this Enlightenment philosopher left a large volume of philosophical works such as An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding.
Answer: David Hume
[10] This predecessor to Human Understanding is divided into books on understanding, passions, and morals. That last section asks whether justice is natural and posits that morality does not come from derived reason.
Answer: A Treatise of Human Nature: Being an Attempt to introduce the experimental Method of Reasoning into Moral Subjects
[10] One section of Human Understanding addresses these events, which Hume attributes to people likely being deceived, especially in "ignorant and barbarous nations" such as Turkey and Rome.
Answer: miracles
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The title time period causes geneticists to produce gilled children in this author's Inter Ice Age 4. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Japanese author of The Ruined Map and The Box Man who wrote about a man who discovers he is growing plant life on his legs in Kangaroo Notebook.
Answer: Kobo Abe
[10] In this novel by Kobo Abe, the entomologist Niki Jumpei becomes trapped in a pit with the title figure, and invents a device to collect water.
Answer: The Woman in the Dunes
[10] In this excellent Abe short story, Argon sets a clock to midnight, creates food for himself, and discovers a key property of windows using the titular object.
Answer: "The Magic Chalk"
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Identify the following about some topics important to chemical kinetics, for 10 points each.,
[10] This equation relates the rate constant, k, of a chemical system to the exponential of the ratio of the temperature and activation energy of the system. It also includes a noted pre-exponential factor.
Answer: Arrhenius equation
[10] A variation of the Arrhenius equation applicable in transition state theory involves this physical constant equal to about 1.38 times 10 to the 23rd Joules per Kelvin. It also relates the ideal gas constant to Avogadro's number.
Answer: Boltzmann's constant
[10] This doubly eponymous principle says that for two reactants which can readily interconvert and that each form a different product irreversibly, the ratio of those products is not affected by the equilibrium between the reactants.
Answer: Curtin-Hammett Principle
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This poem declares that "Two paradises 'twere in one / To live in Paradise alone." For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this poem published posthumously in 1681, which begins by wondering "How vainly men themselves amaze / To win the palm. or oak, or bays."
Answer: "The Garden"
[10] "The Garden" was written by this metaphyiscal poet of "The Picture of Little T.C. in a Prospect of Flowers" and "To His Coy Mistress."
Answer: Andrew Marvell
[10] Marvell wrote four pastoral poems narrated by this figure, who is portrayed "among gardens" and "to the glowworms."
Answer: The Mower
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Answer stuff about deities who were torn apart to create the world according to various creation myths, for 10 points each.,
[10] Vili, Ve and Odin killed this giant of Norse myth and proceeded to make stuff out of him - his brains became the clouds, his bones the mountains, et cetera, et cetera.
Answer: Ymir
[10] In the Enuma Elish, Marduk slays this water serpent, tears her in twain, and fashions the earth and heavens out of her parts.
Answer: Tiamat
[10] This god's mother, Coatlicue, got torn apart by by Quetzelcoatl and Tezcatlipoca to form the earth and sky. This Lord of the Evening Star brought man fire, guides people to Mictlan, and guides the sun during the night.
Answer: Xolotl
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At the end of this play, the title character forces Danlola to present him with the New Yam. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this play about the clash between the Oba and the title dictator.
Answer: Kongi's Harvest
[10] Kongi's Harvest was written by this Nigerian playwright of Death and the King's Horseman.
Answer: Wole Soyinka
[10] This Soyinka play is set in the village of Ilujinle, and its three acts are named "Morning," "Noon," and "Night." This play's first title character, Baroka, rivals with Lakunle for the hand of the second title character, Sidi.
Answer: The Lion and the Jewel
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about a distant region of the solar system for 10 points each.,
[10] Thought to be the source of many long-period comets, this spherically shaped region of the solar system is located about 50,000 AU away from the sun.
Answer: Opik-Oort Cloud
[10] Named after the Inuit sea goddess, this dwarf planet located in the inner Oort Cloud is three-quarters the size of Pluto and has an aphelion of 975 AU.
Answer: Sedna
[10] This theory explains that millions of comets are created every 26 million years when a dormant companion brown dwarf to the Sun passes through the Oort Cloud.
Answer: Nemesis Theory
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It was based on a novel of the same name by Pedro Antonio de Alarcon. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Manuel de Falla ballet about the exploits of a magistrate trying to get with a miller's wife and the miller's attempts at revenge.
Answer: The Three-cornered Hat [or El Sombrero de Tres Picos]
[10] The Three-Cornered Hat was commissioned in its full form by this founder of the Ballets Russes.
Answer: Sergei Diaghilev
[10] This devotee of Wagner composed an opera based on The Three-Cornered Hat, Der Corregidor, as well as the tone poem Penthesilea. After becoming committed to an insane asylum, he died in 1903.
Answer: Hugo Wolf
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Praying five times a day?! That's salat! Answer the following about prayer in Islam, for 10 points each.,
[10] This term can either refer to the actual direction in which one should pray when performing salat or to a niche in the wall of a mosque designed to indicate this direction.
Answer: qibla
[10] Often consisting of such steps as the takbir or stating God's greatness and a bowing process called ruk'u, these portions of the salat conclude with a salutation called the talseem.
Answer: raka'ah
[10] A call to prayer by a muezzin is traditionally delivered from the top one of these tall spires that adorn mosques.
Answer: minarets

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