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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Regionals Tossups by MIT A
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This work begins without an introduction and plunges right into three tutti chords with sixteenth-note flourishes and a long main theme, which is followed by a G, G-sharp, A motif that motivates the second theme. An unusual moment in the first movement is the insertion of the air "Voi siete un po tondo," which was composed a few months earlier. Near the end of the final movement of this piece, the movement's theme is inverted and used as a subject for a fugue that goes on to incorporate the other major themes of the piece. With a name coined by impresario Johann Peter Salomon, for 10 points, name this C-major symphony by Mozart, his last, which is named for its jovial quality.
Answer: Jupiter Symphony [or Symphony No. 41 in C major; or K. 551]
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As imaged by the Hubble telescope, a huge storm recurs in a band near its equator in the Northern Hemisphere every 30 years, and it is unique in having a warm polar vortex. One of its moons has sufficient geyser activity to eject water vapor onto this planet and slow down the rotation of plasma in its atmosphere, and it may produce some of its heat via friction as helium atoms escape from its core. One of its moons is the only one in the solar system with a dense atmosphere, and Pandora and Prometheus are among its shepherd satellites. For 10 points, name this planet orbited by moons like Enceladus, Phoebe, and Titan, with the Encke gap and Cassini Division in its rings.
Answer: Saturn
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Its protagonist practices "bantering" with his new boss, although his jokes fall flat. The protagonist is mistaken for a gentleman at Moscombe and receives a letter from Mrs. Benn, after which this novel's main character goes to Weymouth with a job offer. Real characters in this novel include George Bernard Shaw, who examines the silver at a house party, Lloyd George, and Joachim von Ribbentrop, who tries to influence British politcs by using Lord Darlington. Taking place in a flashback to a trip in Mr. Farraday's Packard, its climax shows Miss Kenton returning to her husband, leaving Stevens with a broken heart. For 10 points, name this Kazuo Ishiguro novel about a butler.
Answer: The Remains of the Day
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This argument was modified by Alvin Plantinga, who used modal logic and axiom S5, that possible necessity implies necessity, to prove it; this proof was restated by Godel in the 1970s. A parody of this argument by Gasking proves the exact opposite by supposing that something is more impressive the greater the handicap of the achiever. One of the first objections to it was raised by Hume in a general argument against a priori proofs. More familiar objections to this include Gaunilo's island and Kant's argument that existence is not a predicate. For 10 points, name this argument suggested by Anselm that uses the premise that existence is a perfection to show that God exists.
Answer: ontological argument [accept obvious equivalents]
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A general class of reactions for compounds with this property includes the Bamberger rearrangement and the Smiles rearrangement, while substituents to systems with this property can be modified using a copper salt in the Sandmeyer reaction. Theoretical calculations of this property can be done using the Pariser-Parr-Pople method, and it can be verified experimentally by observing a ring current. Coronene displays this property, while cyclo-butadiene does not, despite both of them violating the 4 n plus 2 rule of it named for Huckel. For 10 points, name this property seen when a planar pi system is stabilized by extensive conjugation, as in certain odiferous compounds.
Answer: aromaticity
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At the end, the antagonist is required to sell food made from dogs' asses while cursing at prostitutes. Although one character claims that he will be even crueler than the antagonist to win his office, it turns out that like most politicians, he never intended to fulfill his campaign promises, as the Sausage Seller instead rules fairly and brings a truce in the form of a beautiful maiden. The play was a thinly-veiled allegory, as the master's name means `the people,' and the Steward from Paphlagonia represents the man who insulted an earlier play of the author. Cleon's insult of The Babylonians may have led to, for 10 points, what play by Aristophanes, named for some cavalry?
Answer: The Knights
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It was partially precipitated by Operation Shredder, a portion of the Samu Incident. Followed by the War of Attrition, it resulted in the passage of Security Council Resolution number 242. One point of ceasefire was the 'Purple Line', and it led to the Khartoum Resolution, which declared that there would be "No peace, no recognition, and no negotiation". It included the USS Liberty incident, a mysterious attack on an American ship, and led to Resolution 242's 'Land for Peace' suggestion, which wouldn't be followed for another eleven years. For 10 points, name this war between Israel and four Arab states the led to the conquering of the Sinai during a short 1967 period.
Answer: Six-Day War
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This man used pastel paint to write the printing instructions for his lithograph Pinned Hat. His somber early period is exemplified by his Cabaret of Mother Antony, while Woman Bathing with Griffon was posed for by his mistress, Lise Trehot. Early paintings in the style for which he is best-known include Parisian Woman and The Theater Box. Favorite portrait subjects of his included Jeanne Samary and Mme Charpentier and her children, while Gustave Caillebotte can be seen in a better-known en plein air work. For 10 points, name this impressionist painter of Moulin de la Gallette and The Luncheon of the Boating Party.
Answer: Pierre-Auguste Renoir
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He married off his son to his gay lover's beautiful daughter Myrrhina, and Myrrhina's brother became the first man ever to be ostracised. He schemed to return himself from exile by hiring a tall woman to pretend to be Athena. While he was traveling in disguise, he heard a farmer complaining about his taxes and was so impressed that he gave the farmer a tax exemption for life. Although he married Megacles's daughter, he wanted his sons from his first marriage to succeed him, and needed the help of Lygdamis of Naxos to return a third time to his most famous post. For 10 points, name this eromenos of Solon, father of Hipparchus and Hippias, and Athenian tyrant.
Answer: Peisistratus
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Their wavevectors can be placed in Brillouin zones in reciprocal space, and their pseudomomentum is defined up to placement in a Brillouin zone. In a gas of them, their chemical potential is zero, so their thermal type can be created or destroyed by random fluctuations. Quantum mechanically, they can be obtained by adding translational symmetry to the Hamiltonian, and the optical variety can interact with infrared light. However, most of these are of the acoustic variety, and their propagation speed is equal to the speed of sound in a solid. For 10 points, name these quantized vibrational modes in a crystal lattice that notably interact with Cooper pairs in BCS theory.
Answer: phonons
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It lies to the south of the Stavonoy mountains, and it includes a craton that was the northernmost land on earth during the Carboniferous period. The home of the Ulchs and the Hezhen, it includes the Changpai mountains, in particular the Peik-tu-Shan volcano. Historically known as Guandong, it consists of the states of Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning, and includes cities such as Changchun, Shenyang and Harbin. By one definition, this region stretches north to the Amur River, and the Yalu marks its border with another neighbor. Bordering both the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea, name, for 10 points, this region of China that took its name from the founders of the Qing Dynasty.
Answer: Manchuria
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The Gla domain in prothrombin allows it to bind to these molecules, which have been shown to form annular structures around the calcium ATPase. One example of them is formed by adding a glucose molecule to sphingosine, and cleaving one that carries an inositol group yields IP3 and diacyl-glycerol. A key indicator of apoptosis is the loss of the asymmetric distribution of them, since a certain negatively charged molecule of this class is normally concentrated on the cytosolic leaflet by flippase. For 10 points, ethanolamine, choline, and serine are common headgroups of what components of cell membranes that form a namesake bilayer?
Answer: phospholipids
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He discussed the Matthew Effect, in which famous people get more credit than they deserve. His acronym for what is important to science requires "communalism" and "organized skepticism." His namesake thesis argues that there is a correlation between Protestantism and experimental science, and he worked on the "middle range" theory. He discussed manifest and latent functions and dysfunctions and obliteration by incorporation in his Social Theory and Social Structure. For 10 points, name this sociologist who applied Durkheim's idea of anomie to criminology and coined the terms "role model," "unintended consequence," and "self-fulfilling prophecy."
Answer: Robert King Merton
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One legend says that in his first battle, he threw his own gun to the unarmed enemy. A member of the Strong Heart society, he fought the Battle of Killdeer Mountain, and also participated in the siege of Fort Rice. In 1877 he led his men to Canada, but he surrendered four years later and was sent to Standing Rock Reservation. It was after the Fort Laramie Treaty that he became famous, though prospectors continued swarming onto the Black Hills. This man's Oglala partner, Crazy Horse, won the Battle of the Rosebud after this Lakota man held a Sun Dance and forsaw soldiers falling from the sky. For 10 points, name this chief who defeated Custer at the Little Big Horn.
Answer: Sitting Bull [or Tatanka Iyotake]
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One song by this name appears between tracks by Robbie Williams and Deckard on the NBC soundtrack album Friends Again. Stating, "I call you back on the telephone/cause you call me all the time," that song was by Lisa Loeb. A song about this type of "love" says "we can dress it up, we can dress it down" and was recorded by Justin Timberlake, while a legendarily terrible song with this as the first word in the title said "Chinese food makes me sick" and "I like girls that wear Abercrombie and Fitch" and was released by LFO. For 10 points, name this period of time which appears in a Don Henley song stating "my love for you will still be strong" after its "boys" are gone.
Answer: summer
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In Act II, Scene 2, a character sings an aria criticizing the Bible, which leads another character's wife to sing "Shame on all you sinners!" The chorus, while sitting in Serena's room, believes Death is "...knocking at the door" when one main character is sick, while in Act I, Jake sings "A Woman is a Sometime Thing." The song "Gone, Gone, Gone" is sung after Robbins is killed in a fight after a craps game with Sportin' Life, and at one point, the titular cripple tells the other title character, "you is my woman now." For 10 points, what is this opera opening with the lullaby "Summertime," set on Catfish Row with music by George Gershwin?
Answer: Porgy and Bess
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According to the midrash, it was created on the fifth day, and it's carcass finds many uses, both as an excellent material for building a sukkah as told by the prayer at the end of Sukkot and as one of three creatures used as food for the people. According to Rashi, it was one of the Taninim, and there were originally both a male and a female, but Yahweh killed the female out of fear that their offspring would wipe out the human race. It bears thematic resemblance to a seven-headed creature slain by Baal in Canaanite myth. For 10 points, name this Biblical monster, companion of the ziz and the behemoth, a giant sea serpent that gives a name to a work about absolutist governance.
Answer: the leviathan
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In Dryden's version, the female lead has a sister named Dorinda and a brother named Hippolito who was often played by a woman. Twentieth century adaptations of the original play include Minoru Fujita's bunraku version and Percy MacKaye's masque about the antagonist "by the Yellow Sands." Hogarth's "Scene from" it features the female lead in the centre with her father and lover both on the left, and Derek Jarman's film version of this play, whose minor characters include the drunk butler Stephano, features Sycorax breastfeeding a fully-grown Caliban. For 10 points, name this Shakespeare play about Miranda and her marooned magician father Prospero.
Answer: The Tempest
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They gave up the Nieszawa and Samogitia in the Treaty of Melno, which concluded the Gollub War. . Founded during the siege of Acre in the Third Crusade, they later moved their capital to Marienberg. They reached their greatest height under Winrich von Kniprode and were fleeced by the Treaty of Torun after Emperor Louis IV gave permission to them to take over Poland and Lithuania. Wladyslaw II Jogaila defeated them decisively, and they also lost the Thirteen Years War and the "Massacre on Ice," to Alexander Nevsky. Their Grand Master Albert of Brandenburg's conversion to Lutheranism ended their influence. For 10 points, name this German crusading order.
Answer: Teutonic Knights [accept Teutonic Order]
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In his latest work, a Doctor tries to help a Mother who confuses her twin sons otto and the identity-stealing OTTO; verbal hilarity ensues. He also wrote a piece at the end of which Julia turns to alcohol, like Agnes's sister, Claire. He also wrote about an elderly couple and two giant lizards, while in another play, the cast, including a musician and calisthenics-performing Angel of Death, break the fourth wall and pretend that the titular object is a beach. He also described Honey and Nick's disastrous visit to the home of George and Martha. For 10 points, name this playwright of A Delicate Balance. The Sandbox, The Zoo Story, and Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
Answer: Edward Franklin Albee III
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Andre Breton met him after reading the first issue of Tropiques, and later wrote an introduction to one of this man's works set "at the end of daybreak," which references Josephine, and contains images such as a jar of oil with the word "MERCI" in gold and lagoons "not covered in waterlilies," a reference to French colonialism. His plays include Une Saison au Congo and La Tragedie du Roi Christophe, about the rise and fall of a leader of Haiti. A neologism he coined along with Leon-Gontran Dumas and Leopold Senghor first appeared in a long poem set on Martinique. For 10 points, name this author of Notebook of a Return to the Native Land, the co-creator of negritude.
Answer: Aime Cesaire
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Her maternal grandmother, Saint Margaret of Scotland, is Scotland's only royal saint. Her strongest supporter was her bastard half-brother Robert of Gloucester, and her marriage to Henry V ended childless with his death when she was twenty-three. Her youngest son William was her favourite, and he ran to mommy in Rouen after Thomas a Beckett refused to let him marry the woman he wanted. Her second son Geoffrey, named for his father, got into fights with her eldest son until Geoffrey's death in 1158. For 10 points, name this wife of Geoffrey of Anjou and mother of Henry II, a so-called Empress who struggled for the throne of England with Stephen of Blois.
Answer: Matilda
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While enslaved by Queen Omphale of Lydia, he was forced to dress up as a woman and do women's chores, though he eventually ended his bondage and married her. King Thespius asked this man to impregnate all fifty of his daughters, which he did in one night. This man made an agreement to help Laomedon kill a sea monster in exchange for the magic horses given to Laomedon by Zeus, but when Laomedon reneged, this man killed Laomedon and all his sons except Priam. His affair with Iole led his third wife Deianira to kill him by mistake. After he died, he married Hebe. For 10 points, name this hero who went mad and killed Megara, resulting in his twelve labours.
Answer: Heracles [accept Hercules before "Zeus" is read; do not accept or prompt on Hercules afterwards]
2008 ACF Regionals Bonuses by MIT A
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Name these works of Kurt Vonnegut, for 10 points each.,
[10] Billy Pilgrim is "unstuck in time" in this novel, where he lives part of his life in a firebombed Dresden, part in a Tralfamadorian zoo, and part as a popular fatalist figure in America before his murder.
Answer: Slaughterhouse-Five or The Children's Crusade: A Duty-Dance With Death
[10] Wilbur Daffodil-11 Swain and his sister, metaphorically two halves of one mind, have invented a system to unite people using new middle names in a dystopic future where the Chinese have miniaturized themselves.
Answer: Slapstick, or Lonesome No More!
[10] Vonnegut examines and satirizes evolution in this book, where a group is shipwrecked on Santa Rosalia in the namesake archipelago and evolves into seal-like creatures watched over by the ghost of Kilgore Trout's son.
Answer: Galapagos
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Answer these questions about properties of light for 10 points each.,
[10] Light can have this property in either its linear or circular variety; in the linear variety, the electric field oscillated in only a single given plane.
Answer: polarization [accept word forms]
[10] Polarization can be conveniently represented using this vector, which has real entries for linear polarization and, unlike the Stokes vector, has an imaginary component for elliptical polarization.
Answer: Jones vector
[10] Calcite can separate a beam of unpolarized light into two perpendicularly polarized beams through this process, or double refraction, in which it has two different indices of refraction for ordinary and extraordinary modes.
Answer: birefringence
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Name these psychoanalytical terms, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Jungian archetype of the elder has as its negative form the devouring father, like Cronos from Greek mythology.
Answer: senex
[10] This Freudian defense mechanism entails channeling inappropriate sexual urges into a positive outlet, such as art.
Answer: sublimation
[10] In Erikson's seventh stage, the main conflict is between generativity and this other quality.
Answer: stagnation
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Name these groups from the era of the English Civil War, for 10 points each.,
[10] Lnown for the writings of Gerrard Winstanley and the pamphlet "Light Shining in Buckinghamshire," this radical group, named for a symbolic activity, believed in a near-anarchist agrarian ideal with no ruling class.
Answer: Diggers
[10] These individual rights activists often opposed Cromwell and gained their name in 1649 when their leaders met and signed John Lillburne's Agreement of the People.
Answer: Levellers
[10] These landed gentry, including Oliver Cromwell and Thomas Fairfax, opposed the radical proposals of the Levellers.
Answer: Grandees
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Name these things about protein folding for 10 points each.,
[10] This level of protein structure describes the conformation of a single polypeptide's domains.
Answer: tertiary
[10] These proteins assist in folding and correcting mis-folds, as in the heat shock response.
Answer: chaperones
[10] According to this thought experiment, a protein does not achieve its final conformation by sampling all possible states, which would take an impossibly large amount of time.
Answer: Levinthal's paradox
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The title figure is only seen in the lower right with his feet sticking out of the water. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this painting that is actually dominated by a scene on top of a cliff of a guy in a bright red shirt plowing behind a horse.
Answer: Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
[10] This Dutch artist painted Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, as well as The Triumph of Death and Blind Leading the Blind.
Answer: Pieter Bruegel the Elder [or some way in general of saying he's older than his son]
[10] Bruegel created a series called The Seasons, which includes this depiction of the title figures with their dogs on top of a hill overlooking an idyllic winter scene, including a bunch of people skating.
Answer: Hunters in the Snow
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A turtle, a lion-man, a dwarven priest, and a killer with an axe. No it's not an absurdist play, it's time to identify these avatars of Vishnu, for 10 points each.,
[10] A blue-skinned man, of his many exploits, this eighth avatar of Vishnu is perhaps most famous for seducing some gopi milkmaids and for his role as Arjuna's charioteer in the Bhagavad Gita.
Answer: Krishna
[10] In a little over 400,000 years, this tenth avatar of Vishnu will herald the coming of a new age and usher in the apocalypse. He is usually depicted riding a white horse.
Answer: Kalki
[10] The third avatar of Vishnu, Varaha, appeared in the form of one of these mammals, or a man with the head of one, to defeat the demon Hiranyaksha.
Answer: boar [accept pig, etc]
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Answer the following related to polymers for 10 points each.,
[10] Like metals, certain polymers can be doped, splitting their molecular orbitals into two bands; the lower one is the valence band while the upper one is given this name.
Answer: conductance band
[10] The first conducting polymer was an alternating chain of two nonmetals, whose ambiguous bonding gives rise to a long conjugated chain. It was formed with nitrogen and this element, which gives a distinctive odor to thiols.
Answer: sulfur
[10] Conducting polymers can be used to make these objects, which are useful in devices like Fido, which can detect trace amounts of TNT.
Answer: molecular wires
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The Weimar Republic had a lot of problems. For 10 points each:,
[10] The 250,000 Freikorps, voluntary German armies, were to be disbanded according to the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Instead they made this unsuccessful 1920 attempt to take over the Weimar Republic.
Answer: Kapp Putsch
[10] The Dawes Plan was introduced to allow Germany to make more modest reparations payments, but even that amount was too much. It was replaced with this 1929 plan that was also too stiff due to the depression.
Answer: Young Plan
[10] This 1922 treaty abrogated all debts between Germany and the USSR, recognized the Bolshevik government, and finalized the armistice drawn up at Brest-Litovsku.
Answer: Treaty of Rapallo
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Answer some questions about the 2008 Olympics, for 10 points each:,
[10] He didn't match Mark Spitz's seven golds in Athens, but this Baltimore native who set five world records at the 2007 world championships is poised to try again in Beijing.
Answer: Michael Phelps
[10] The 100 meters will be exciting; Tyson Gay won the most recent world championship, but he will be the underdog against this Jamaican who recently lowered his own world record to 9.74.
Answer: Asafa Powell
[10] This Chinese, the first from his country to win a track and field gold, will try to defend his 110 meter hurdles title on his home turf.
Answer: Liu Xiang
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Answer the following about a United States territory, for 10 points per answer.,
[10] This US Territory forms the majority of an island group to the east of the Philippines and the north of Papua New Guinea. It has the largest female to male ratio in the world, at 100 to 77.
Answer: Northern Marianas Islands
[10] This largest of the Marianas Islands is a US territory of its own. The largest island in Micronesia, it has as its motto "Where America's Day Begins" and a capital at Aguana.
Answer: Guam
[10] This capital of the Northern Mariana Islands was the site of a World War II battle. Trivia buffs may not that it holds the world record for least temperature variation.
Answer: Saipan
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Name these poets who wrote about flowers, for 10 points each.,
[10] In "Daffodils," this Romantic poet "wander'd lonely as a cloud" and described seeing ten thousand of the flowers.
Answer: William Wordsworth
[10] He wrote "To a Friend who sent me some Roses" for Charles Wells in the same year as a poem about traveling n realms of gold.
Answer: John Keats
[10] "Bavarian Gentians," by this poet of "Bavarian Gentians," connects flowers that are "torch-like, with the smoking blueness of Pluto's gloom" to the Persephone myth.
Answer: David Herbert Richard Lawrence
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Answer some questions about a Supreme Court case, for 10 points each.,
[10] Justice Rehnquist recused himself from this case, but the other 8 justices ruled unanimously that "executive privilege" is irrelevant in cases when the evidence is `demonstrably relevant' to a criminal case.
Answer: United States v. Nixon [either order acceptable]
[10] The subpoena for the Watergate tapes was issued by this first special prosecutor, who was replaced with Leon Jaworski in the Saturday Night Massacre.
Answer: Archibald Cox
[10] One case Rehnquist did not recuse himself from was this awesomely-named 1987 decision which held that Los Angeles International Airport could not prohibit the distribution of religious literature in terminal walkways.
Answer: Airport Commissioners v. Jews for Jesus [either order acceptable, either party name acceptable]
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His operas include the more classical Der Rosenkavalier and the crazy Salome. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this composer of several tone poems such as Death and Transfiguration and An Alpine Symphony.
Answer: Richard Strauss
[10] Richard Strauss is known for this tone poem based on a Nietzsche work, with a dramatic beginning featured in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey.
Answer: Also Sprach Zarathustra [or Thus Spake Zarathustra]
[10] This Strauss tone poem was dedicated to Willem Mengelberg. It is a single piece with six sections, in which the first introduces the title figure, and the next five describe, amongst other things, his Adversaries and Companion.
Answer: A Hero's Life [or A Heroic Life; or Ein Heldenleben]
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Answer the following about the New York Trilogy, for 10 points per part.,
[10] This author of Moon Palace, The Brooklyn Follies, and Travels in the Scriptorium wrote the New York Trilogy.
Answer: Paul Benjamin Auster
[10] This is the middle novel of the New York Trilogy; it shares its title with an Ibsen play about Helene Alving and her son Osvald, who has syphilis.
Answer: Ghosts
[10] The Albany Cycle of novels, which is related to the New York Trilogy in geography only and includes the tale of the lovable murderous hobo Francis Phelan in Ironweed, was written by this author.
Answer: William Kennedy
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Answer the following about an architect for 10 points each.,
[10] This author of Four Books on Architecture is known for his designs of the Church of San Giorgio Maggiore.
Answer: Andrea Palladio
[10] This Palladio structure, designed for the Capra family, is known for its Ionic portico on each side of a square, with a dome overhead. It was the inspiration for Thomas Jefferson's home Monticello.
Answer: Villa Rotonda
[10] This late Palladio work, a church commemorating the plague, sits on Giudecca Island in Venice and is the focal point of a namesake festival in late July.
Answer: Il Redentore [or Chiesa del Santissimo Redentore; or Church of the Most Holy Redeemer]
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It is an icy northland, home to many beautiful maidens but ruled by an evil witch. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this kingdom of Finnish legend, whose mistress demanded tribute including the killing of the Swan of Tuonela in exchange for the hand of her lovely daughters.
Answer: Pohjola
[10] In this work by Elias Lonnrot, Ilmarinen and Vainamoinen visit Pohjola, entranced by the beauty of the maidens.
Answer: Kalevala
[10] This third hero ventures to Pohjola to try to steal the sampo, but he dies in a river in Tuonela; his mother then must recover his body from the river.
Answer: Lemminkainen [or Lemminki]
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Identify the following about order theory for 10 points each.,
[10] This is the order theoretic term for the least upper bound of a subset of a partially ordered set.
Answer: join
[10] This term describes a partially ordered set in which every subset of two elements has a least upper bound and a greatest lower bound.
Answer: lattice
[10] A lattice has this property if every nonempty subset has a least upper bound and a greatest lower bound. A metric space has it if every Cauchy sequence in it has a limit.
Answer: completeness
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Identify the Meso-American rulers who had unpleasant relations with conquistadors, for 10 points each.,
[10] Montezuma's nephew and the last Aztec emperor excluding the puppet ruler Tlacotzin, he was tortured and executed by Cortes, but he refused to disclose the location of the legendary Aztec treasure.
Answer: Cuauhtemoc [or Cuautemotzin or Guatimozin or Guatemoc]
[10] This Incan emperor was captured by Pizarro and offered a room full of gold for his release, but the Spanish executed him anyway. He was to be burned, but by converting to Christianity, he was killed more gently.
Answer: Atahuallpa
[10] This other son of Hayna Capac didn't live long enough to be brutually murdered by Pizarro, because Atahualpa overthrew him shortly before the Spanish arrived.
Answer: Huascar
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Identify these Celtic goddesses, for 10 points each.,
[10] In the Mabinogion, she appears to Pwyll upon a magnificent horse, and Pwyll returns to her father's court to win her hand. She was accused of eating her child.
Answer: Rhiannon
[10] A triune goddess of the flame of inspiration, this daughter of Dagda married the Fomorian Bres, with whom she is the mother of several deities of crafts and the forge.
Answer: Brigid
[10] This fairy queen and wife of Manannan Mac Lir called upon Cuchulainn to defend her from three Fomori, and the two fell in love until Manannan used a cloak and a potion to erase all memory of the event.
Answer: Fand
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Name these modern Chinese writers, for 10 points each.,
[10] Buying a Fishing Rod for My Grandfather and Soul Mountain were written by this playwright of Bus Stop.
Answer: Gao Xingjian [or Kao Hsing-chien]
[10] His books about Inspector Chen of the Shanghai Police Bureau include Death of a Red Heroine and A Loyal Character Dancer.
Answer: Qiu Xiaolong
[10] Dr. Lin Kong loves Manna Wu for eighteen years in this author's novel Waiting.
Answer: Jin Xuefei [or Ha Jin]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
There's more to Haiti than just Toussaint L'Ouverture. For 10 points each:,
[10] L'Ouverture's second in command was this man. After Ouverture was captured, he led Haiti to independence and was declared Emperor of Haiti in 1805.
Answer: Jean-Jacques Dessalines
[10] Dessalines may have been the first Emperor of Haiti, but he wasn't its last dictator. This opponent of Paul Magloire was 'President for Life' from 1964 until he died in 1971 and was succeeded by his son.
Answer: Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier [accept Papa Doc Duvalier; prompt on Duvalier]
[10] Ayiti was the indigenous name for Haiti, but as a French colony, it went by this name. It produced large amounts of sugar, coffee and cotton for the homeland.
Answer: Saint Domingue
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Identify these solutions to Einstein's field equations for 10 points each.,
[10] One of the first solutions obtained, this metric governs space around a nonrotating, uncharged black hole; the name also applies to the radius of the event horizon for such a black hole.
Answer: Schwarzschild metric or solution
[10] The hallmark of this solution is frame-dragging, which holds even for light within the ergosphere. The solution is valid for rotating but uncharged black holes.
Answer: Kerr metric or solution
[10] A more unusual solution to Einstein's equation is this one discovered in 1994; it provides for a "warp bubble" traveling at globally faster-than-light speeds. Unfortunately, there is no known way to create one.
Answer: Alcubierre metric or drive

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