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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Regionals Tossups by Irvine
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The introductory material to this play notes that "Hector is the world's hero, not Paris or Antony", and quotes several lines from Our Mutual Friend. The main character has an exceptionally firm handshake, is learning to shoot a rifle, and, according to Praed, is "a great devotee of the Gospel of Getting On". In the second act Frank's request for a "Kissums" is met with a fierce "No. I hate you." from the main character, who later tells the title character that she "[doesn't] want a mother; and [she doesn't] want a husband!" For 10 points, Vivie's relationship with her mother becomes strained when she realizes that her mother runs brothels for a living, in what George Bernard Shaw play?
Answer: Mrs. Warren's Profession
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This man's eponymous rule relates acidity to enolisation, and a dye precursor is formed from silver cyanide and ortho-nitro-benzoyl chloride in his eponymous isatin synthesis. Another reaction named for him has modifications named for Bellus, Eschenmoser, and Ireland, and it requires heat to form an o-allyl-phenol from an allyl vinyl ether via a pericyclic mechanism. In addition to that rearrangement, another eponymous reaction forms a tetrahedral intermediate before expelling an alkoxide group to leave an acyl substitution product. For 10 points, identify the namesake of the reaction that forms beta-keto esters from two ester molecules, which is known as his condensation.
Answer: Rainer Ludwig Claisen
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In 1975, a namesake tribunal, composed of both the Pakeha and the people affected by it, was created to address claims arising from this treaty. In addition to the Bay of Islands copy, eight other copies were circulated to gain additional signatures. Signed by William Hobson as representative of the British crown, the anniversary of its signing is recognized as national holiday in the country in which it was signed. Initially intended to give the U.K. sovereignty over a group of islands in the South Pacific, it ostensibly protected the property rights of the native Maori. For 10 points, name this 1840 treaty, a founding document of modern New Zealand.
Answer: Treaty of Waitangi
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In a Frederic Bazille painting of this English title, a man plays the piano in the back right, while two men address the central figure in front of a large window. Another painting of this name features a woman in a yellow dress looking into a mirror, a woman in a white dress sitting on a chaise, and the title figure in a gray suit carefully eyeing something, and was painted by James Whistler. In another version, a mix of all walks of life are found on the left, with Charles Baudelaire on the right, and a small boy and a nude model watching the central figure sitting in front of a canvas. For 10 points, give the title of these works, including one by Gustave Courbet showing his place of work.
Answer: The Artist's Studio [accept reasonable approximations here as long as "Artist" and "Studio" are said]
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Before one major battle in this war, the winning side chanted Psalm 118, which led to the eventual losers declaring that their opponents were cowards. After that battle, the losing commander, the duc de Joyeuse, was picked from the corpses and displayed at a nearby castle. In addition to the aforementioned Coutras, other battles in this war included Vimory and Auneau, in both of which a German faction was defeated. However, the eventual winning side won mostly because its leader outlived those of the other two sides. For 10 points, name this last of the wars of religion in France, in which three men of the same name battled for the French throne.
Answer: War of the Three Henrys [prompt on French Wars of Religion before it is read]
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One character in this story can whistle the theme song to "Popeye", indicating that she is not actually brain-damaged, though it is still unknown whether she was adopted or born out of wedlock. Another character has never cut his beard. Minor characters in this story include the aforementioned Shirley-T and Papa-Daddy, as well as the traveling photographer Whitaker, the main character's ex-boyfriend who ran off with her sister instead. That act is just one of the many perceived injuries perpetrated on the main character by Stella-Rondo, whose return prompts the title action. For 10 points, name this short story by Eudora Welty, in which Sister leaves home for her place of work.
Answer: "Why I Live at the P.O."
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Beginning at al-Qurnah, the area surrounding this river once had the largest date palm forest in the world. The lower course of thisriver is bordered by Abadan island on its north and the al-Faw peninsula on the south. Its third largest tributary, the Karun River, joins its downstream of Basra. This river was the site of intense conflict between the two countries that share most of it, and it is also known as the Arvand Rud. For 10 points, name this river that receives the waters of the Tigris and Euphrates, and whose name literally means "River of the Arabs".
Answer: Shatt al-Arab [accept Arvand Rud before mentioned]
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This man's major work included a chapter on "The Explanatory Power" and also discussed the "dummy carrier" before analyzing the lack of meaning in the assertion that "the fighting stopped." He used three examples regarding a "book on modern music" before mentioning that "the child seems sleeping" in the chapter "The Independence of Grammar," which also introduces the sentence "colorless green ideas sleep furiously." For 10 points, name this man whose Syntactic Structures laid out the theory of transformational-generative grammar, and who is both a noted MIT linguist and a leftist political commentator.
Answer: Noam Chomsky
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Studies such as the AEAP and SUCCESS have found that these artificial entities have a slight positive radiative forcing effect, with one study indicating they could account for a warming trend in the US from 1975 to '94. Another study found a higher diurnal temperature range attributed to a decreased planetary albedo with the absence of them over North America for several days after September 11, 2001.A They persist longer in humid air before spreading out, andA they can be formed from wingtip vortices but are usually the result of combustion.A For 10 points, name these high altitude cirrus clouds that form as water vapor condenses behind a high flying airplane.
Answer: A contrails [or condensation trails; or vapor trails; generously prompt on "clouds" before it's said]
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In 1828, after serving for one year as U.S. District Attorney, this man was nominated as an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court, but never confirmed; his opposition to Jackson's financial policies led to his ouster. He served as Millard Fillmore's Attorney General after previously resigning the position upon the death of William Henry Harrison. This chairman of the Frankfort Convention pushed an 1861 resolution through Congress that stated that the Civil War's purpose was to "preserve the Union"; the six amendments he had proposed the year before were less successful. For 10 points, name this statesman from Kentucky, the namesake of a failed 1860 compromise.
Answer: John Jordan Crittenden
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In the movie Romancing the Stone, this happens to the head of the Colombian secret police, Zolo, immediately after obtaining the jewel El Corazon. A man becomes a Pinkerton detective after this happens to him in the book Live and Let Die; on screen, this happens in License to Kill to that character, Felix Leiter, on his wedding day, and it is also implied that this happened to the henchman Tee Hee. Another villain is afraid of a ticking sound because of this event, which resulted in his namesake appendage. For 10 points, name this manual trauma suffered by Captain Hook at the hands of an aquatic reptile that is not an alligator.
Answer: hand bitten off by a crocodile [accept anything that includes "hand" or "arm", and "crocodile" and the suggestion that the animal ate something; do not accept alligator]
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A portrait in the Vatican shows him holding a copy of his work Accepit Jesus calicem, and the source of his Missa Benedicta Es was only recently identified. He used excessive salary demands to avoid taking musical posts in Vienna and Mantua, and Johann Fux codified the contrapuntal rules used in a certain type of his work, which included two composed on the tune "L'homme Arme." He wrote Improperia while choirmaster at St. John Lateran, while a legend about this man was perpetuated by a Pfitzner opera. For 10 points, name this composer whose Pope Marcellus Mass supposedly convinced the Council of Trent not to ban polyphonic music.
Answer: Giovanni Pierluigi de Palestrina
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Hadamard introduced the "narrow sense" of this principle, and Kirchoff used an obliquity factor to eliminate its retrogressive implications. It only holds for an odd number of spatial dimensions, as this allows for higher order terms to vanish in the polar wave equation. It was modified to include superposition, which allowed it to explain diffraction, by Fresnel, and its namesake showed how it explained Snell's Law. For 10 points, name this principle that says every point on a propagating wavefront produces secondary wavelets which comprise the envelope of the wave, named for the Dutch physicist whose eponymous probe split from the Cassini to land on Titan in 2004.
Answer: Huygens' Principle [accept Huygens-Fresnel Principle]
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After a rival invaded Baden and captured and shot the Duke of Enghien, this man joined an alliance in which the British agreed to pay 1.25 million pounds per 100,000 soldiers he raised. This signer of the Treaty of Chaumont and the protocol of Troppau, tutored in his youth by La Herbe, cracked down on the University of Vilna after his forces arrested Adam Mickiewicz. Baroness von Krudener influenced his plan for a Holy Alliance, and after his death, a battle between supporters of his brothers Constantine and Nicholas led to the Decembrist Revolt. For 10 points, name this man who used a scorched-earth policy and "General Winter" to defend Russia as tsar from 1801 to 1825.
Answer: Alexander I
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Derived from a term first used by Portugese explorers to describe native practices in West Africa, Charles de Brosses was the first to use the term to denote a specific variety of religious practices derived from Ancient Egypt. Auguste Comte associated it with the first of his three states of human history, the theological. Also known as ju ju, the objects associated with this set of beliefs often include mixtures of blood, hair, fur, and water. Karl Marx, in the first volume of Capital, describes a version of this for commodities. For 10 points, name this animistic form of religious belief, which can also designate a sexual attraction to an inanimate object.
Answer: fetishism
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Externally, this structure contains an irregular ridge known as the raphe, and its appearance is primarily determined by the actions of the dartos and cremaster muscles.A The gubernaculum attaches the developmental predecessor of this structure to nearby organs; the failure of those organs to traverse the inguinal canals and reside in this structure is known as cryptorchidism.A When the dartos and cremaster muscles contract, this structure becomes smaller and more wrinkled to ensure the correct temperature for gamete formation.A For 10 points, identify this supporting structure of the male reproductive system, a sac that contains the testes.
Answer: scrotum
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This man created the fictional television show "Out of Sight", which documents missing persons, as well as a mad scientist whose fertility clinic's success depends on his own sperm. In addition to the aforementioned Dr. Skreta, other characters created by this author include Agnes, who dies while attempting to avoid another person's suicide attempt, and Vincent, who possesses a talking penis. More famous may be Ludvik Jahn, one of four narrators of this author's The Joke, and a man who quits his job as a surgeon rather than sign a document affirming his love for the Soviet Union, Tomas. For 10 points, name this Czech author of The Unbearable Lightness of Being.
Answer: Milan Kundera
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The Hawaiian equivalents to these creatures are the Menehune, while the Chilean one is said to be able to impregnate women just by looking at them. One of these creatures, Telesforos, is said to be the brother of Hygieia, and others include the king of the Yakshas, Kubera, and the fifth avatar of Vishnu, Vamana. However, they are most prominent in northern European myth, where they live in Nidavellir and count among their number Alvis, whom Thor turned to stone, Andvari, the original owner of the Rheingold, and the smiths Brokk and Eitri. For 10 points, name these little people who accordingly to popular folklore live in caves and operate mines.
Answer: dwarves
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A man with this first name outbids Jackson Wylie's Atlantic Bridge Company to build a bridge over the Barrata River in Rex Beach's "With Interest to Date." Another man of this first name accompanies Philip Sterling on a get-rich-quick land speculation scheme in The Gilded Age. In addition to the aforementioned Mr. Brierly, Verena Tarrant loves a man surnamed Burrage in The Bostonians with this first name. Authors with this middle name include the author of Two Years Before The Mast, while those with this first name include a man who told of his "Education." For 10 points, give this name, also used in the pseudonym of the writer of "The Gift of the Magi."
Answer: Henry
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He painted his dad sitting in a chair with his legs crossed in his Fauvist Portrait of the Artist's Father. He created a fake rip in the canvas near a pointing hand and a real bottle brush in Tu m', and his last major work was a peep show created in secret. He collaborated on the film Anemic Cinema with Man Ray, who photographed him in drag as Rrose Selavy, and he never quite finished a work also known as The Large Glass. In Advance of the Broken Arm and Bicycle Wheel are examples of a form he created that included one signed by R. Mutt. For 10 points, name this producer of ready-mades who caused a stir at the Armory Show with his Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2.
Answer: Marcel Duchamp
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He expanded upon E.H. Moore's generalized matrix inverse, so the pseudo-inverse is named for Moore and this man. He devised a way to map objects from Minkowski space to one with metric signature (2,2) in his twistor theory, and he formulated both a weak and strong version of the censorship hypothesis. His diagrams map regions around a singularity, and with Stuart Hameroff, he formulated a theory of consciousness based on quantum computing that is espoused in The Emperor's New Mind.A For 10 points, identify this Briton whose "tiles" cover a plane aperiodically and whose "process" extracts energy from the ergosphere around a black hole.
Answer: Sir Roger Penrose
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The Kourou Accord, intended to peacefully resolve an insurgency in this country, was never implemented after being blocked by the man who was succeeded by Arthy Gorre in 1993. Call for new elections in 1991 led to the legislative dominance of the New Front Coalition, which included parties like the Hindustani Progressive Reform Party. Both the U.S. and its former colonial master leveled economic sanctions against this country after 15 opposition leaders were murdered in 1982 by a regime led by Desi Bouterse. For 10 points, name this only former Dutch colony on the mainland of South America.
Answer: Suriname
2008 ACF Regionals Bonuses by Irvine
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Examples of this data structure include the Dancing and Fusion types. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this structure consisting of linked nodes, growing from the root node down to the leaf nodes.
Answer: trees
[10] This type of binary search tree, originally called a symmetric B tree, has empty leaf nodes and assigns each node one of the two namesake properties that govern many of its operations.
Answer: red-black tree
[10] This other type of self-balancing binary search tree can quickly look up recently accessed elements and uses its namesake operation to manipulate the tree such that the element of interest is at the root.
Answer: splay tree
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Answer the following about a certain royal house, for 10 points each.,
[10] By the treaty of Utrecht, this house was given the island of Sicily as a reward for Eugene's assistance in the War of the Spanish Succession. In 1720, they exchanged it for Sardinia.
Answer: Savoy
[10] On March 4, 1848, this king granted a constitution to Piedmont-Sardinia; nineteen days later, he declared war on Austria over Lombardy and Venice.
Answer: Charles Albert
[10] This Savoy king saw Piedmont-Sardinia subsumed into the new Kingdom of Italy and became the first monarch of that state.
Answer: Victor Emmanuel II
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Answer the following about an Anglo-American music producer, for 10 points each,
[10] He has produced tracks for Nikka Costa, Lily Allen, Christina Aguilera, and Amy Winehouse. He also co-wrote Kanye West's Grammy-winning single "Jesus Walks."
Answer: Mark Ronson
[10] Ronson's most recent single, "Stop Me," featuring Daniel Merriweather, is a remix of "Stop Me If You Think You've Heard This One Before," a track from this Morrisey-led British group.
Answer: The Smiths
[10] Ronson was reportedly paid upwards of eighty thousand dollars to DJ at the wedding of this celebrity couple. Apparently he remixed part of the Top Gun soundtrack.
Answer: Tom Cruise and Katie Holmes [all or nothing, any order]
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Answer the following about a recent scientific paper whose media coverage greatly angered Dwight Wynne for 10 points each.,
[10] A 2006 paper reported on the creation of induced pluripotent stem cells able to yield every type of body tissue from an adult version of one of these cells, found in connective tissue that deposit matrix essentials like collagen.
Answer: fibroblast
[10] While the media had a field day with the discovery, they failed to report the paper's other major finding that all of those tissues were present in this kind of tumor, so named because it comprises a mix of all different tissue types.
Answer: teratoma
[10] The teratoma was likely produced due to the authors' use of c-Myc [c-"Mick"] and Klf4, genes of this type that have a well-documented role in tumor formation and proliferation.
Answer: oncogenes
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It was written as a response poem to the Seventh of March speech. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poem, which claims, "When faith is lost, when honor dies/The man is dead!"
Answer: Ichabod
[10] "Ichabod" was written by this poet of "Telling the Bees" and Snow-bound.
Answer: John Greenleaf Whittier
[10] This title character of a Whittier poem tells soldiers, "Shoot, if you must, this old gray head/But spare your country's flag".
Answer: Barbara Freitchie
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This end of this revolt began with the adoption of the Lex Julia, proposed by Lucius Julius Caesar. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this conflict between Roman citizens and the surrounding Italian tribes from 91 to 88 BC.
Answer: Social War [or Marsic War]
[10] The Social War was touched off upon the murder of this tribune, who had proposed extending citizenship to the surrounding tribes.
Answer: Marcus Livius Drusus
[10] One of the tribes which opposed Rome in the Social WAr was this group, who had fought three namesake wars of their own with fourth-century Rome, including a victory at the Battle of the Caudine Forks.
Answer: Samnites
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Genius has a cash value, at least according to the MacArthur Foundation. Identify the following writers who have won MacArthur Fellowships, for 10 points each.,
[10] Awarded the fellowship in 1984, this UC Berkeley professor's poetry collections include Field Guide, Human Wishes, and 2007's Time and Materials.
Answer: Robert Haas
[10] This author of All the Pretty Horses and The Road was awarded the fellowship in 1981
Answer: Cormac McCarthy
[10] A 2004 winner was this author of All Aunt Hagar's Children, Lost in the City, and The Known World.
Answer: Edward P. Jones
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Answer the following about yet another World War I ambulance driver for 10 points each.,
[10] Prior to driving ambulances, this guy wrote a Sea Symphony and The Lark Ascending; he would later write works like Sinfonia Antartica and Fantasia on Greensleeves.
Answer: Ralph Vaughan Williams
[10] Vaughan Williams wrote a Fantasia on a Theme of ... this English Renaissance composer, who is otherwise remembered for the 40-voice work Spem in Alium.
Answer: Thomas Tallis
[10] This generically titled five section orchestral work included parts for three different experience levels of string players. An earlier piece of the same name was scrapped, with various parts being recycled into other works.
Answer: Concerto Grosso for String Orchestra
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This character has a valet named Lawrence, whom he instructs to tell visitors that he is "gone/To share [his] alms among the prisoners." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this title character of a Moliere play, who fakes religious sincerity in order to get free room and board, among other things.
Answer: Tartuffe
[10] Tartuffe, pretending to be a pious man, infiltrates the family of this man and attempts to get betrothed to his daughter Mariane.
Answer: Orgon
[10] Of course, Tartuffe doesn't want Mariane; instead, he wants this wife of Orgon.
Answer: Elmire
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The start of this movement is considered to be John Wain's novel Hurry on Down, but the group's title was coined after a performance of a John Osborne play. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this group of British writers whose lesser-known members included John Braine and Arnold Wesker.
Answer: Angry Young Men
[10] One of the foremost Angry Young Men, this author of Colonel Sun is the only author of a James Bond book legitimately askable under literature, largely due to his 1954 novel Lucky Jim.
Answer: Sir Kingsley Amis
[10] Amis, Wain, and others were also part of this concurrent movement in poetry with a totally uninspired name.
Answer: "The Movement"
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By slaying the Teumessian fox, he earned the help of his uncle Creon in a war against the Taphians, who had slaughtered all of his betrothed's brothers except one. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this son of Alcaeus and nephew of Electryon, who was cuckolded by Zeus while returning from that expedition, and whose wife subsequently gave birth to twins.
Answer: Amphitryon
[10] This woman refused to marry Amphitryon until he had avenged her brothers' deaths, then allegedly slept with both Zeus and her husband on the same night, thus giving birth to the twins Heracles and Iphicles.
Answer: Alcmene
[10] A similar situation led to Tyndaerus and Zeus both fathering children with Leda, leading to this wife of Menelaus, whose abduction by Paris sparked a major conflict, being the half-sister of Clytemnestra.
Answer: Helen of Troy
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Along with Kennelly, he names a layer of the ionosphere. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this scientist whose eponymous step function is zero for all negative values and one for positive values, and which is the summation of the Kronecker delta.
Answer: Oliver Heaviside
[10] Heaviside coined this term for a property exhibited by namesake circuit elements represented by a coil. Measured in Henrys, it is symbolized by the letter L.
Answer: inductance
[10] Heaviside originally gave the name "permittance" to this property, which is the inverse of reactance. Although it is NOT magnetic flux density or conductance, it is also symbolized B and measured in Siemens.
Answer: susceptance
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Identify these social learning theorists, for 10 points each.,
[10] This man showed that children who observe another being rewarded for a certain behavior are more likely to perform that behavior than those who observe another being punished in his 1963 "Bobo Doll" experiment.
Answer: Albert Bandura
[10] This Belorussian theorized the "zone of proximal development" and noted that children develop to a higher level when interacting with adults and peers than when interacting with no one.
Answer: Lev Vygotsky
[10] Along with Jean Lave, this man, who holds a Ph.D. in artificial intelligence from UCI, put forward the "situtational learning theory", which states that learning is a function of social relationships.
Answer: Etienne Wenger
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His first major work was a Crucifix for the San Domenico Church in Arezzo. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this artist of the Santa Trinita Madonna, a Madonna Enthroned with St. Francis for the church of San Francesco in Assisi, as well as mosaic of St. John the Evangelist in the Duomo of Pisa.
Answer: Cimabue [or Cenni di Pepo]
[10] Cimabue is better known as the teacher of this 13th-14th century Florentine artist who created the Ognissanti Madonna and a noted fresco cycle for the Arena Chapel in Padua.
Answer: Giotto di Bondone
[10] In this Arena Chapel fresco, a diagonal rock form draws the viewer to the lower left, where figures hunch over the body of Jesus while distressed angels fly overhead.
Answer: The Lamentation of Christ
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Identify the following works and people involved with the philosophy of art, for 10 points each.,
[10] Probably the beginning of systematic aesthetics in the West, this work deals with the proper uses of metaphors and rhetorical devices and lays out rules for plot development and "unities" of space and time.
Answer: Poetics
[10] Building on ideas which the author established in his Critique of Pure Reason, the first part of this work demarcates the concepts of the beautiful and sublime, with an attention to how they figure in the notion of taste.
Answer: The Critique of Judgment
[10] This man proposed that indifference is the normal human nature in his A Philosophical Inquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of. The Sublime and Beautiful.
Answer: Edmund Burke
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Identify the following relating to Canadian rebellions and uprisings, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Manitoban-born Metis leader led two rebellions, the Red River Rebellion and the North-West Rebellion, in an attempt to safeguard Metis interests in the face of Canadian encroachment.
Answer: Louis Riel
[10] A pair of rebellions in the namesake year affected both Upper and Lower Canada. In the larger Lower Canada Rebellion, French-speaking settlers, with U.S. backing, attempted to drive the British out.
Answer: Rebellions of 1837
[10] This longtime Prime Minister invoked the War Measures Act in 1970 to deal with the Quebec Liberation Front's actions during the October Crisis.
Answer: Pierre Trudeau
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Answer the following about ethnocentric Jews, for 10 points each.,
[10] After the Babylonian Captivity, Jews looked down on this half-Assyrian half-Jewish group as an inferior people. Notable examples include the Woman at the Well and a "good" one.
Answer: Samaritans
[10] These "uncircumcised" barbarians were technologically superior, which didn't help when Samson brought down some pillars to kill a bunch of them.
Answer: Philistines
[10] In this book's tenth chapter, twenty-seven verses worth of people sign a pact that they will not "give [their] daughters in marriage to the peoples around us or take their daughters for [their] sons."
Answer: Nehemiah
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Answer the following about crystal field theory for 10 points each.,
[10] Crystal field theory was developed to explain the absorption of light when a compound's electrons transitioned between different ones of these atomic orbitals, whose filling largely governs the chemistry of transition metals.
Answer: d orbitals
[10] In the absence of ligands, the d orbitals initially begin in this state, in which all five have the same energy.
Answer: degenerate
[10] Name either of the two d orbitals that belong to the double degenerate E-sub-g group.A In the common octahedral complexes, they have a higher energy because they are closer to the ligand than the other three.
Answer: d-sub-z squared or d-sub-x squared y squared [do not accept or prompt on partial answer]
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It ends with the love duet "O namenlose Freude!" between the title character and her husband. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this opera in which Leonore disguises herself as the title character, a male prison guard, to rescue her imprisoned husband from the murderous Pizarro.
Answer: Fidelio
[10] Fidelio was the only opera by this composer of the "Ode to Joy" and the "Moonlight Sonata."
Answer: Ludwig Beethoven
[10] Leonore's husband shares this name with one of Robert Schumann's altar egos.
Answer: Florestan
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This man earned his name from living in a house next to a banana tree. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 17th-century master of the haiku.
Answer: Matsuo Basho
[10] This allegedly most famous Basho work recounts his travels around the island of Honshu.
Answer: The Narrow Road to the Deep North [Oku-no-Hosimichi; or Back Roads to Far Towns]
[10] This other book by Basho takes the form of a haiku-off, where Basho takes haikus written by two different poets, puts them head-to-head, and chooses a winner, then explains his choice and why.
Answer: Kai Oi [or The Seashell Game]
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Identify the following conflicts in Africa in which the United Kingdom was victorious, for 10 points each.,
[10] In this major 1942 battle, troops lead by Bernard Montgomery drove Germany out of Egypt.
Answer: Second Battle of El Alamein
[10] This war between the U.K. and a namesake sultanate occurred in 1896. It is only notable for being the shortest war in modern history as the losing side fought for less than forty minutes before surrendering.
Answer: Anglo-Zanzibar War
[10] In this battle during the Second Boer War, the British, led by Robert Baden-Powell, were under siege for more than 200 days before finally breaking through and winning.
Answer: Battle/Siege of Mafeking
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In humans, they are encoded by the genes OPN1SW, -MW, and -LW. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these transmembrane proteins that are associated with retinal to form the photopigments in the cones of the retina.
Answer: opsins [accept photopsins or iodopsins; do NOT accept "rhodopsin" - that is a complex in rods]
[10] Both answers required. The genes for the photopigments associated with these two colors, found in the L and M cones, are linked on the X chromosome, so they can't be distinguished in a major form of color-blindness.
Answer: red and green
[10] Color-blindness is typically diagnosed via this test, named for its Japanese formulator, in which normal-vision people see one number amid a sea of varying-size dots, while color-blind people see a different number.
Answer: Ishihara test

Warning: Unknown: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_0vch0i0hc95096i6pcnqt273c5, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in Unknown on line 0

Warning: Unknown: Failed to write session data (files). Please verify that the current setting of session.save_path is correct () in Unknown on line 0