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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Regionals Tossups by Editors 2
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He wrote a of knife-sharpener who charms a woman into giving him flowers so he can resell the flowerpot in "The Chrysanthemums," a story from his collection The Long Valley. His journey on the Western Flyer with Edward Ricketts was the basis for The Sea of Cortez, and one of his novels describes Mac and Jim Nolan's attempt to unionize fruit pickers. Another of his novels sees a main character shot after saying "Le's do it now" following the accidental death of Curley's wife. This author of In Dubious Battle and The Winter of Our Discontent described the Trask family in East of Eden. For 10 points, name this author of Cannery Row and The Grapes of Wrath.
Answer: John Steinbeck
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Charles Koechlin completed his Egyptian-themed ballet Khamma, and this composer spent thirty years vacillating over the incidental music for As You Like It. He used a woodwind solo based on an Indian elephant-charm and parodied Gounoud's "Soldier's Chorus" and Mendelssohn's "Wedding March" in a ballet written for children, The Box of Toys, and he also wrote the depiction of tennis, Jeux. Another piece, which depicts a nocturnal phenomenon, is part of his Suite Bergamesque. For 10 points, name this composer who used the sections about the "dialogue of the wind," "from dawn to noon" and "play of the waves" in his La Mer and also wrote "Clair de Lune."
Answer: Achille Claude Debussy
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One equation used to calculate this quantity multiplies two terms with a sum of radii in their denominators, and is known as the Kapustinskii equation. A rough approximation of it can be found with a modified form of Coulomb's Law featuring a single distance, while a constant that is proportional to this quantity can be determined with the Evjen method or calculated by expanding cubes, and is named for Madelung. Another method used to determine it ends with gaseous ions in the Born-Haber cycle. For 10 points, name this quantity, like internal energy symbolized U, defined as the amount of energy needed to completely ionize a solid compound.
Answer: lattice energy
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One holder of this office hired the Greek rascal Constantine Phaulkon as his prime minister, only to see Phaulkon intrigue with Louis XIV against him. In 1946, the person who held this position was found shot to death in his bed, with the killer still unknown. This title was reduced in official power by the Promoters Revolution, and another holder of this office wrote to James Buchanan to offer elephants for help in American agriculture. The current Chakri Dynasty member in this office has endorsed several military coups. For 10 points, name this post held since 1782 by nine people named Rama, who ruled the only continuously independent Southeast Asian country.
Answer: King of Thailand [I guess you can accept King of Siam from cute and/or clever people]
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One of this band's songs states that "in loyalty to our kind, we cannot tolerate their obstruction." Their first hit ended by asking "Doesn't the sky look green today?" In addition to "The Ballad of You and Me and Pooneil" and "Crown of Creation," this band behind the albums After Bathing at Baxter's and Surrealistic Pillow demanded that you "go ask Alice when she's ten feet tall" and "feed your head" in a song about size-changing pills, "White Rabbit." For 10 points, name this group including Marty Balin and Grace Slick, which recorded "Somebody to Love" and was succeeded by such "spinoff" bands as Hot Tuna and a similarly named "Starship."
Answer: the Jefferson Airplane
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Peter Barry compared this novel to a Henry James short story about the writer Henry St. George. One character often checks his watch on the final day of the main action, the same day that another man showed up with his hair cut like a priest. A character in this novel is accused of an unartistic "sealed play," and nearly forfeits because of a sick child. Based on the author's own experience reporting on a similar event for a newspaper, it chronicles a showdown which begins at the Koyokan Restaurant and takes 237 moves to complete. For 10 points, name this Yasunari Kawabata novel about Shusai, the titular player of a Japanese board game.
Answer: The Master of Go [or Meijin]
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One of Europe's leading horse tracks, the Ippodromo del Gallopo, is found in this city, whose residents may relax at the manmade Lake Idroscalo near Linate airport. Suburbs such as Monza and Bollate and creeks such as the Lambro and the Nirone surround this city, whose slum is known as Brianza. This home to the International Sample Trade Fair contains the castle known as the Palazzo di Brera and the art gallery at the Pinacoteca di Brera, as well as the Pirelli Building on the Piazza della Repubblica. This capital of Lombardy is also home to La Scala. For 10 points, name this city near the Po River, a large urban area in northern Italy.
Answer: Milano
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A consequence of it is the Boolean Prime Ideal Theorem, and Skolem used it to correct Lowenheim's Theorem on first-order models. It can be equated to one formulation of Konig's theorem, which relates the cardinality of certain sums to products, and it is used to decompose a hollow unit sphere into two identical spheres in the proof of the Banach-Tarski paradox. Equivalent to saying a partially ordered set in which every chain is bounded has a maximal element, it is independent of Zermelo-Frankel set theory. For 10 points, identify this equivalent to the well-ordering principle and Zorn's Lemma, which states that one can pick an element from each of an infinite collection of sets.
Answer: The Axiom of Choice [accept Zorn's Lemma or the well-ordering principle before each is read]
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The right-wing historian Keith Windschuttle sparked controversy by alleging that this group's history is a "fabrication." One group of these people was deported by George Arthur and George Robinson in the 1830s, and they were also the victims of the Forest River Massacre. William Cooper founded a "league" for these people, which organized the Day of Mourning to counter nationalist holidays. The Mabo decision overturned the "terra nullius" doctrine which said that they did not own land, and these practitioniers of "firestick farming" were also the victims of the "Stolen Generation." For 10 points, name these first inhabitants of such places as Victoria and Queensland.
Answer: Australian Aborigines [or Aboriginals or "indigenous Australians" or other clear-knowledge descriptive equivalents; accept Tasmanian Aborigines or such answers on the second sentence]
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At one point in this work, a man refuses to return a borrowed telescope, while earlier, another character poses with a dove for a photo and asks "Can women have wishes?" It includes the much-mocked line "Pigeons on the grass, alas," and its scenery was painted by Maurice Grosser, to which Florine Stettheimer added cellophane for its premiere performance by the Friends and Enemies of Modern Music, an all-black troupe. It ends with the call-and-response couplet, "Last act?which is a fact." For 10 points, name this opera which parallels the Lost Generation of Paris and the sixteenth-century Spanish religious orders, written by Gertrude Stein and Virgil Thomson.
Answer: Four Saints in Three Acts
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One condition affecting them can be diagnosed with a dexamethasone suppression test and results from the over-production of a molecule in its zonas fasciculata and reticularis. Another condition can be mimicked by eating too much licorice and affects their outermost zona glomerulosa. Besides Conn's and Cushing's syndromes, their inner-most portions can develop pheo-chromo-cytomas, which overproduce catecholamines. Plasma ion levels influence their production of aldosterone, while a namesake trophic hormone stimulates the production of cortisol in their cortex. For 10 points, name these glands whose medullas secrete their namesake hormone, also called epinephrine.
Answer: adrenal glands
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One character in this play is asked "which of your hips has the most profound sciatica?" before declaring that she is "custom-shrunk." In addition to characters mentioned in passsing such as "Master Shooty" and "lusty Pudding," this play includes the servant Pompey, the bumbling policeman Elbow, and Mistress Overdone. Also appearing is the former fiancee Mariana, who secretly exchanges herself for the intended companion of a sexual rendezvous after Claudio puts Isabella in a vulnerable position. Ultimately, a gossipy friar is revealed as Duke Vincentio. For 10 points, name this Shakespeare play in which the hypocrite Angelo is appointed to reform the morals of Vienna.
Answer: Measure for Measure
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One prayer said on this occasion asks, "Repel the Red One in the nethermost shadow," while another says "we are not permitted to make use of them, but only to look at them." The school of Shammai taught that the central ritual of this holiday should be done in reverse of its usual order. An object inscribed with an acronym for "a great miracle happened there" is used during this holiday, which remembers the installation of a new altar following the expulsion of Antiochus IV, on the twenty-fifth day of Kislev, and the use of a single portion of olive oil for eight days. For 10 points, sufganiyot, latkes, and other fried foods might be eaten during what wintertime Jewish holiday?
Answer: Hannukah
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One senator from this state led the Branchhead Boys, a faction which opposed the Shelby Dynasty. Earlier, groups led by Thomas Eastchurch and John Jenkins were the forces in one rebellion in what is now this state. In 1960, Franklin McCain and Ezell Blair were among the group in this state who went to a Woolworth's to conduct the first sit-in, and two hundred years earlier, an uprising in this state was defeated by the forces of Governor William Tyron at the Battle of Alamance. For 10 points, name this home to Culpeper's Rebellion and the Regulators, which was also bedeviled by Blackbeard and saw the Wright Brothers make their first powered flight.
Answer: North Carolina
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One form of this quantity is modified by the principle of least coupling to include the product of charge and vector potential, and its operator can be defined in simple cases as the negative product of i, h bar, and the gradient. In the relativistic four-vector of it, the first term is energy divided by the speed of light, and that form is also included in a generalization of the classical stress tensor. Noether's theorem relates the conservation of this quantity to translational invariance, and its time rate of change is related to force via Newton's Second Law. For 10 points, name this quantity that is conserved in collisions and calculated as the product of mass and velocity, symbolized p.
Answer: linear momentum
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One of his works shows a left-facing female with her hair in a bun looking downward and using a spoon for stirring. He was shown in his early job as a blinds-painter in a painting by Armand Guillaumin, and his son Lucien was part of Walter Sickert's Camden Town Group. He wears a black hat and coat, a long beard, and a confused expression in a late self-portrait. He presented his work under the name "Pupil of A. Melbye" for seven years, and he showed The Old Road to Ennery and Hoar Frost at the first Impressionist exhibition. For 10 points, name this creator of Peasant Girl Drinking Her Coffee, whose mentorship of other Impressionists led to his epithet "father."
Answer: Jacob Abraham Camille Pissarro
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In Shinto, a well on Fujiyama gaurded by Sengen bestowed this property. One place where everyone had this quality forbade inhabitants from touching the soil of Ireland, lest they never return, and is ruled by Niamh in Celtic myth; that place, "Tir na Nog," is named for this property. A son of Olvaldi once caused the Norse gods to stop having this property by stealing Idunn's golden apples. This property was notably not given to a son of Laomedon who founded Susa in Ethiopia after running off with Eos. For 10 points, Tithonus turned into a cicada because he was granted eternal life, but not what useful complementary property?
Answer: eternal youth [accept obvious equivalents]
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One member of a group known by this name wrote Bengal Nights and The Forge and the Crucible, while the founder of that group explained his methods in The Comparative Study of Religions. In addition to the circle of Mircea Eliade and Joachim Wach, this name also denotes a group of anti-New Criticism literary scholars led by R.S. Crane. Ernest Burgess and Robert Park led a sociological group by this name, which also denotes the faculty of George Stigler and James Buchanan, who opposed the idea of market failure. For 10 points, give this common name which applies to a group of monetarist economists, such as Milton Friedman, who worked at a certain university.
Answer: Chicago School
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In response to the threat posed by this agreement, Lord Minto negotiated with Ranjit Singh at the Treaty of Amritsar, and Count Pozzo resigned his diplomatic post. It was a conseuqence of General Bennigsen's loss at Friedland, and this treaty allowed one party to conquer Finland and chip away at the Ottoman Empire. It also established both the Kingdom of Westphalia and the Grand Duchy of Warsaw while expanding the Continental System. For 10 points, name this 1807 sequence of agreements signed on a raft in the Nieman River by Alexander I of Russia and Napoleon.
Answer: Treaty of Tilsit
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In one novel, this man's daughter is taught Bible stories and is horrified by the notion of beauty being a sin. This spurious father of Golden Bells appears in another work, where he is told of the infinite ways in which wood can be made into a chessboard after hearing of communication with strings in Ersilia, the size-changing Olinda, and Thekla, which is always being built. In a poem, this man orders the building of a "miracle of rare device" near a place "where Alph, the sacred river ran." For 10 points, name this ruler who appears in Italo Calvino's Invisible Cities, in a namesake opium-induced Samuel Taylor Coleridge poem, and in Donn Byrne's novel Messer Marco Polo.
Answer: Kublai Khan
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Daniel Stoljar argues against the "strong" conception of these things, while Joseph Levine's "Purple Haze" says that their possible existence is "the principal manifestation of the explanatory gap." Nigel Thomas used the example of discussing the smell of coffee to write of the "killer" of these entities, whose "Unimagined Preposterousness" was described by Daniel Dennett. They were assumed to be possible in "Armstrong on the Mind" by Thomas Nagel, and Robert Kirk has posited an example named Dan who methodically becomes one. For 10 points, name these creatures which would discredit the notion of qualia, or a unique non-physical experience of being human.
Answer: philosophical zombies [or p-zombies]
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He used his connection with detective Ned Broy to peruse police files on his organization and ordered the execution of the Cairo Gang, which sparked the Croke Park massacre. He was replaced by W.T. Cosgrave as provisional government head shortly after he agreed to an oath of allegiance. He had become prominent two years earlier when Arthur Griffith and Eamon de Valera were imprisoned, and later stated that he "signed his death-warrant" by agreeing to partition. For 10 points, name this intelligence director of the Irish Republican Army who negotiated for Irish independence, but whose concessions to the British led to his assassination.
Answer: Michael Collins
 
2008 ACF Regionals Bonuses by Editors 2
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Answer the following about a concept in quantum mechanics for 10 points each.,
[10] This fundamental equation of quantum mechanics describes the allowed wavefunctions and energy levels for a system. One simplification is the time-independent version.
Answer: Schrodinger equation
[10] This doubly eponymous approximation simplifies the wave equation for an electron by saying that nuclear motion can be ignored.
Answer: Born-Oppenheimer approximation
[10] This principle can be interpreted to mean that electronic transitions occur instantaneously relative to nuclear motion, or that during such transitions, any vibronic transitions occur between modes where wavefunctions overlap.
Answer: Franck-Condon principle
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This painter of The Dead Bird and Jonah is perphaps best known for his gloomy seascapes. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this artist who showed black boats, clouds, and water against a yellow sky in Moonlight Marine and also created The Racetrack: Death on a Pale Horse.
Answer: Albert Pinkham Ryder
[10] Jackson Pollock really liked Albert Pinkham Ryder, and also this Mexican muralist, who created Portrait of the Bourgeoisie and The March of Humanity and once led a machine-gun assault on Leon Trotsky's house.
Answer: David Alfaro Siqueiros
[10] Pollock was also a fan of this Cubist who painted some young women of Avignon and Guernica.
Answer: Pablo Ruiz y Picasso
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Name some Dominican philosophers, for 10 points each.,
[10] This founder of the first Dominican school in Germany is the patron saint of scientists and reintroduced the Latrin translations of Aristotle to the University of Paris.
Answer: Albertus Magnus [or Saint Albert The Great; or Sankt Albert Der Grosse; or Albert Of Cologne; or Albert Of Lauingen; prompt on Doctor Universalis]
[10] This student of Albertus Magnus and leading systemetizer of medieval theology synthesized existing Christian though into the Summa contra gentiles and Summa theologiae.
Answer: Saint Thomas Aquinas [or San Tommaso d'Aquino; prompt on Doctor Angelicus]
[10] This German mystic and vicar of Bohemia wrote the Talks of Instruction and the Book of Divine Consolation, in which he identified dissimilarity, similarity, identity, and breakthrough as the path to union with God.
Answer: Meister Johannes Eckhart von Hoccheim [or Master Eckhart; accept Eckehar]
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These molecules are responsible for many tropisms. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this class of plant molecules that maintains apical dominance and promotes stem elongation, and which can loosen cell walls to allow a plant to bend toward light or the earth.
Answer: auxins
[10] Auxins are produced in the apical form of this undifferentiated plant tissue, which is the source for new growth.
Answer: meristem
[10] Although several auxins have been discovered, this first one discovered remains the most potent example.
Answer: indole-3-acetic acid
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Name these title places of novels, for 10 points each.,
[10] Curtis Hartman, Dr. Reefy, and Wing Biddlebaum are all observed by George Willard in this Sherwood Anderson novel.
Answer: Winesburg, Ohio
[10] The elderly remnants of the Whiting family preside over a declining industrial center in Maine and employ Miles Roby to run a grill in this Richard Russo novel.
Answer: Empire Falls
[10] In ths final volume of Doris Lessing's Children of Violence series, Martha Quest works as a nanny for the Coldrige family and escapes from a nuclear accident using her drug-induced psychic powers. No, really.
Answer: The Four-Gated City
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Their February 1966 trial for "slandering the state" in articles published in foreign magazines signified Brezhnev's abandonment of the Kruschev thaw on speech. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name either of these Soviet authors, whose two names denote the trial.
Answer: Andrei Sinyavsky or Yuli Daniel
[10] The "wrecking trials," "Metro-Vic trial," and finally the purges carried out via the Moscow trials are all grouped under this common name for farcical legal proceedings against the opponents of Stalin.
Answer: show trials
[10] The 1884 "Trial of the Fourteen" convicted members of this offshoot of Land and Liberty, which succeeded, after several bumbling attempts, in assassinating Alexander II in 1881.
Answer: The People's Will [or Narodnaya Volya]
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Name these photographers, for 10 points each.,
[10] This creator of "Mount Williamson—Clearing Storm" and author of The Negative developed the zone system and joined with Cunningham and Weston in Group f.64 while making a lot of photos of Yellowstone.
Answer: Ansel Adams
[10] This sister of the guy who wrote The Homecoming Game chornicled the marginal inhabits of New York and a kid holding a toy grenade before her 1971 suicide.
Answer: Diane Arbus [or Diane Nemorov]
[10] This creator of the "Women of Allah" series and creator of the video installations Rapture and Fervor often addresses the topic of female sexuality in her native Iran.
Answer: Shirin Neshat
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In Britain, "reading the Riot Act" was a literal activity done to authorize the use of deadly force to disperse a mob. For 10 points each:,
[10] The Riot Act was ultimately read to the instigators of this 1780 event, which targeted jails and the Bank of England in protest of the Catholic Relief Act of 1778.
Answer: Gordon Riots
[10] An amendment to the Riot Act known as the Black Act prescribed the death penalty for any person stealing these animals under cover of darkness.
Answer: deer [accept stags or other obvious equivalents]
[10] Whether the Riot Act was formally read at this 1819 incident was disputed by the various sides. Named in parody of a Napoleonic event, it involved a deadly yeoman's charge into a crowd listening to Henry Hunt.
Answer: Peterloo Massacre [or St. Peter's Field]
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A common example of them includes a mixture of water and alcohol. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these mixtures in which the relative contributions of two species are the same in the vapor phase as they are in the liquid phase.
Answer: azeotrope
[10] An azeotrope can be separated with the addition of one of these substances that preferentially affects the volatility of one compound more than the other. Benzene can be such a compound for a water and ethanol mixture.
Answer: entrainer
[10] Another way to separate an azeotrope is to use one of these hygroscopic substances that absorbs and/or adsorbs one of the components but not the other.
Answer: dessicant
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His son overthrew him in 1528. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man legendarily conceived by a genie and a prior ruler's sister, who reorganized a certain West African empire from his palace at Gao and adapted a mocking name meaning "he who will not be."
Answer: Mohammed I Askiya [or Askia Muhammad; or Muhammad Ibn Abi Bakr Ture]
[10] Found on the banks of the Niger River and ruled by the dia and the shi, this empire ruled by Askia Mohammed lasted until Issihak II of Morocco conquered it at the battle of Tondibi.
Answer: Songhai
[10] Mohammed Askiya claimed his spurious membership in the family of this "great" prior Songhai leader, who spent seven years on a siege of Jenne while expanding the Songhai borders into Fulani and Mossi territory.
Answer: Sonni Ali Ber
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It was a company town founded by the Shawinigan Water & Power Company in 1928, but it was demolished in 1971 when the company was sold. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this northern Quebec city, chronicled in an eponymous and much-lauded 2007 graphic novel by Pascal Blanchet.
Answer: White Rapids [or Rapide Blanc]
[10] This character from less serious comics is the former alias of Emma Frost, a leader of the Hellfire Club who later led Generation X and got turned into a diamond and shattered. No, really.
Answer: the White Queen
[10] This editor of the Daily Planet was cuckolded by Lex Luthor and adopted Keith Robert. Don't call him "chief."
Answer: Perry White [prompt on White]
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She wrote a connected short story cycle about Del Jordan, who creates a memoir about the town of Jubilee in Ontario. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Canadian author of Lives of Girls and Women, The Friend of Youth, and The Beggar Maid.
Answer: Alice Laidlaw Munro
[10] Cynthia Ozick said Alice Munro is the Canadian equivalent of this man, who wrote "The Lady With the Dog," Three Sisters, and The Seagull.
Answer: Anton Chekov
[10] Many of Munro's short stories appeared in this magazine before it stopped publishing regular fiction in 2005. Long edited by James Russell Lowell and William Dean Howells, it first published Hemingway and many others.
Answer: The Atlantic Monthly
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This Buddhist scholar founded the school of the Madhyamika, or Middle Path. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who lived around the turn of the third century CE and discussed the idea of "sunyata" or emptiness to such profundity that many Mahayana works are spuriously attributed to him.
Answer: Nagarjuna
[10] Nagarjuna argued that samsara is not distinct from this state of "extinguishing" the soul and goal of Buddhism.
Answer: nirvana [or nirsana; or nibbana]
[10] Nagarjuna was named for the nagas, a group which derives its name from reference to mythical inhabitants of the Patala palaces and the city of Bhogavati who are ruled by Sesha and take the form of these animals.
Answer: snake [or serpent, etc; accept cobra for linguistic reasons, but not any other specific type of snake]
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Name these composers who wrote piano pieces for the left hand, for 10 points each.,
[10] This color-tasting composer of Prelude and Nocture for the Left Hand also created the Poem of Ecstasy and Poem of Fire.
Answer: Aleksandr Nikolayevich Scriabin
[10] He wrote the Piano Concerto for the Left Hand for Paul Wittgenstein's brother and also created the Pavane for a Dead Princess, Rapsodie espagnole, and Bolero.
Answer: Joseph Maurice Ravel
[10] His seventeenth piano concerto is for the left hand, though he may be better known for the ballet The Snowman, the opera The Dead City, and his scores to such films as Anthony Adverse.
Answer: Erich Wolfgang Korngold
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Francis Burton Harrison had a varied career in American government. For 10 points each:,
[10] Harrison's namesake Narcotics Act of 1914 amended this 1906 law, which regulated medicinal labeling and did its best to keep ground-up rats out of meat in the wake of Upton Sinclair's publications.
Answer: Pure Food and Drug Act
[10] Harrison was an opponent of this foreign policy, supported by President Taft and Secretary of State Philander Knox, which led to American intervention to protect economic interests in Nicaragua.
Answer: dollar diplomacy
[10] In 1935, Harrison became an adviser to this first president of the post-American independent Philippines and namesake of a Manila neighborhood, who wrote the autobiography The Good Fight.
Answer: Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina
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Jib Fowles has written that this process is active for men, but passive for women, especially in advertisting. For 10 points each:,
[10] Give this social-theory buzzword, whose "male" form in film was presented in the 1975 article "Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema."
Answer: gaze
[10] This author of Death Twenty-Four Times a Second began feminist film theory with her description of the male gaze in "Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema."
Answer: Laura Mulvey
[10] This type of gaze, proposed by Bracha Ettinger in a book about a namesake "borderspace," looks upon situations in a "co-emergent" way that emphasizes the "shareability" of experience.
Answer: matrixial gaze
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Name for the lute-like instrument which suggests its shape, this body of water is found in the ken of Shiga. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this lake, which forms the Yodo River and and is set near Mount Hiei.
Answer: Lake Biwa-Ko
[10] Lake Biwa, which provides a lot of water to the people of Kyoto, is found on the island of Honshu in this country.
Answer: Japan [or Nihon-koku; or Nippon-koku]
[10] Lake Biwa is classified as a wetland of this type, named for Iranian town where a namesake convention was signed in 1971, because it its "representative, rare, unique, or diverse" geology and ecology.
Answer: Ramsar Convention wetland
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Name these countries with literature in them, for 10 points each.,
[10] Such nonfiction as Johan Huzinga's Homo Ludens was written in this country, whose other notable books include Philip and the Others by Cees Nooteboom and Max Havelaar by Multatuli.
Answer: Kingdom of the Netherlands [or Koninkrijk der Nederlanden]
[10] Its native son Hugo Claus wrote of "the sorrow" of this country, while The Intruder, Pelleas and Melisande, and The Blue Bird were written by another author from here, Maurice Maeterlinck.
Answer: Kingdom of Belgium [or Royaume de Belgique; or Koninkrijk Belgie]
[10] The author of Seven Dada Manifestos, Tristan Tzara, was born here. One of its poets wrote Hands Behind My Back and Let's Talk About Weather, and it is the homeland of the playwright of The Bald Soprano and Rhinoceros.
Answer: Romania
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Its columnar form is found in such sites as Devil's Tower and Giant's Causeway, and tholeiitic ones are found on the ocean floor. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this common type of extrusive rock that forms when lava rapidly cools.
Answer: basalt
[10] This rock is chemically equivalent to basalt but is an intrusive, plutonic rock. Formed when magma cools under the Earth's surface, it is prevalent at mid-ocean ridges.
Answer: gabbro
[10] This mineral group, first found in volcanic glass, is a major constituent of basalt. Their crystals are monoclinic or orthorhombic and are composed of single chains of silica tetrahedra; examples include pigeonite and enstatite.
Answer: pyroxenes
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At one point in this novel, Cecil Vyse turns down an invitation to play tennis. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel, whose title refers to Lucy Honeychurch's change of scenery at the Pension Bertolini.
Answer: A Room With a View
[10] A Room With a View was written by this author of "Arctic Summer," Howard's End, and A Passage to India.
Answer: Edward Morgan Forster
[10] In this Forster novel, Rickie Elliot and Stephen Wonham learn that they are half-brothers and that Agnes Pembroke is all screwed up.
Answer: The Longest Journey
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This Granada-born Moroccan sailed down the Nile in 1516 and converted to Christianity after being captured by the Pope's slave-traders. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of A Geographical Historie of Africa, whose Christian byname was adapted fom that Pope.
Answer: Leo Africanus [or Giovanni Leone; or Al-hasan Ibn Muhammad Al-wazzan Az-zayyati; or Al-fasi]
[10] The Great Mosque known as Djinguereber and the Sankore University were found in this key Mali city and code word for a remote place, which was visited by Leo Africanus.
Answer: Timbuktu
[10] Leo Africanus also visited Crete, then under the control of this city, which had bought it in 1204 after the Fourth Crusade and later settled its war with Genoa at the Peace of Turin.
Answer: Venice

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