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View Packets Tournament Editor
2010 ACF Regionals Tossups by Editors 1
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In this novel, Xius dies of shock after refusing an offer of two bags of money to buy his house, because it reminds him of his dead wife Yolanda. In one incident, roosters are gathered to please a visiting bishop who loves cockscomb soup, but ultimately the bishop only waves a blessing from his steamship and doesn't come on shore. Father Amador performs a haphazard autopsy when Dr. Dionisio Iguaran is gone, and later Colonel Lazaro Aponte checks on the time of his domino game rather than investigating two men in Clotilde Armenta's milk shop, who are waiting for the son of Placida Linero. The title event of this novel is precipitated by Bayardo San Roman returning his wife Angela to her family on their wedding night. For 10 points, name this novel in which the Vicario Brothers murder Santiago Nasar, a work by Gabriel Garcia Marquez.
Answer: Chronicle of a Death Foretold [accept Cr?nica de una muerte anunciada]
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This movie's last scene features a crowd watching a giant dead stingray on the beach; it died by overstuffing its mouth with too many fish. In another scene, a crowd follows two children who claim to have seen the Virgin Mary tearing down a tree where the vision supposedly took place. After reconciling with his fianc?e, Emma, the protagonist of this movie receives a call informing him that his friend Steiner has killed himself and his children. At the beginning of this film, a helicopter holding a suspended statue of Jesus flies to Vatican City. In this movie, Anita Ekberg plays the actress Sylvia, who in a famous scene jumps into the Trevi Fountain. For 10 points, name this film in which Marcello Mastroianni plays a journalist in Rome, directed by Federico Fellini.
Answer: La Dolce Vita [accept The Sweet Life]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It notes that the real disgrace of poverty is not merely in its fact, but in "declining the struggle against it", and defends the pursuit of knowledge "without effeminacy." A caustic passage proclaims that the audience goes perpetually without assistance while another group drags a host of subjugated allies before them, and further criticizes that group for their preoccupation with false obsessions with manhood. More famously, it declares that "only love of honor" never grows old, and describes an administration favoring the many rather than the few, noting "this is why it is called democracy." Offering "comfort, not condolence" for men who "chose to die resisting rather than live submitting", for 10 points, identify this most famous passage from Thucydides, a eulogy delivered for fallen soldiers by the ruler of the Athenian Golden Age.
Answer: The Funeral Oration of Pericles [accept anything about Pericles talking about Dead people]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In ancient art, this figure is often accompanied by spirits called the Karpoi. This figure causes the death of Amphairos by opening up a chasm into which he falls. One myth about this figure depicts Athena taking care of one of her children. That child resulted from a piece of wool covered in Hephaestus' semen and was named Erechthonius. ?In one myth, sprinkles of blood upon this figure caused the births of the Erinnyes, the Gigantes, and the Melian nymphs. One of this goddess' children used a scythe to force her husband away from crushing her. That child was Cronus, who attacked this goddess' husband Ouranos, and the result allowed living creatures to spring to life upon this goddess. For 10 points, name this goddess and personification of the earth in Greek mythology.
Answer: Gaea
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In platelets, much of this protein is found attached to a peptide named Fx, which was found to be identical to thymosin beta-4. Branching of this protein is stimulated by WASp proteins; the branch points are occupied by a protein typically isolated due to its ability to bind profilin. CapZ is responsible for calcium-independent capping of the plus end of one form of this protein. A toxin from the so-called "angel of death" mushroom, phalloidin, works by preventing this protein's filamentous F form from being depolymerized into G monomers. Microfilaments are made up of this protein, which is absent in the H zone of a sarcomere. For 10 points, name this protein that slides alongside myosin to produce muscle contractions.
Answer: actin
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One figure in this work looks away from a scroll she holds in her left hand, which is based on the artist's earlier Doni Madonna. In one section of this work men place the entrails of a slaughtered ram into the furnace of an altar to prepare for a sacrifice. Many people are shown trying to jump into a capsizing rowboat during a flood in a section of this work titled The Deluge. In this work, twenty nude figures wearing garlands of fig leaves called the "Ignudi" sit on plinths above thrones occupied by prophets and sibyls. This work's program concludes with The Drunkenness of Noah, while in its best-known painting, God's finger is about to touch the finger of Adam. For 10 points, name this large fresco painted by Michelangelo whose central program show nine scenes from Genesis.
Answer: ceiling of the Sistine Chapel [accept logical equivalents]
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In one hilariously racist appearance, this character laments "he thinks he's speared a lion...he wants me to praise him" when his radio is impaled by an African named Thursday, whom he discovered in a crate of imported bananas. After riding a rhea to the Cantina Argentina, this character once drunkenly leered at a showgirl whom he had mouth-raped in an earlier appearance after failing to coerce her into making out with him by performing dangerous maneuvers; that love interest is saved by expandable granny panties when she risks suicide to escape this character's assaults, leaping out of a shoddily-constructed biplane this figure builds as a tribute to Lindbergh. More famously, this protagonist of The Gallopin' Gaucho and Plane Crazy drowns a parrot who ridicules him after abusing a series of animals to perform "Turkey in the Straw," earning the ire of Captain Pete. For 10 points, name this star of Steamboat Willie who, when not beating Jonas Brothers or abusing his girlfriend Minnie, serves as the rodent mascot for the Walt Disney Company.
Answer: Mickey Mouse
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The frame story of this novel begins with a man who had had a torrid love affair in London attempting to get some time in the country by renting a home. That character later has a dream in which he slams a window down on the arm of a ghost who attempts to get into his room. A different dream in this novel sees one character expelled from both heaven and hell, which she equates with the titular place of this novel. Lockwood attempts to rent Thrushcross Grange, although it hasn't been well-taken care of by the maid Nelly Dean. One character in this novel is taken in by Earnshaw, whose son Hindley hates him; he in turn abuses Hareton, who marries Catherine Linton. For 10 points, name this novel about the mutually destructive love of Catherine Earnshaw and Heathcliff, a novel by Emily Bronte.
Answer: Wuthering Heights
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This man's forced publishing of an itemized list of "self-criticisms" influenced his support for works of "Scar Literature", and he established the use of Special Administrative Regions to reconcile the Basic Law governing key regions with his own central leadership, advocating the "one country, two systems" doctrine. He famously derided the need to use a cat of any particular color to catch mice and advocated enlarging rather than removing the bird cage in zoological metaphors defending his economic flexibility, rejecting the extreme rigidity of his major rival, Hua Guofeng. This man presided over the Four Modernizations implemented by Zhou Enlai but was forced to arrest his prot?g?, Zhao Ziyang, after Tiananmen Square. For 10 points, identify this man who after the death of Lin Biao outmaneuvered the Gang of Four, credited with shifting toward a mixed economy during the 1970s and 80s as the leader of Communist China.
Answer: Deng Xiaoping
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In a Fermi gas, this quantity is proportional to h-bar over 2 m times the number of particles raised to the five-thirds power, over the volume raised to the two-thirds power. For a system that obeys the van der Waals equation of state, this quantity contains an additive factor of the particle number squared times the a constant over volume. For an arbitrary system, this quantity is given by the derivative with respect to the thermodynamic beta of the partition function, and the Helmholtz free energy is obtained by subtracting temperature times entropy from the average value of this quantity. For a closed system the change in this quantity is given by the work done by the system plus the heat, and for an ideal gas it is given by the three-halves times the number of particles times Boltzmann's constant times temperature. For 10 points, identify this quantity which represents the total amount of kinetic and potential energy in a gas.
Answer: internal energy [prompt on partial answer]
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Elliott Antokoletz argues that a certain treaty inspired this composer's "expansion in range" technique in his third string quartet, which begins with sections called "prima parte" and "seconda parte" and introduced his namesake pizzicato. He wrote a work based on a colinda in which nine sons are turned into stags, while another piece opens with a group of "Unison Melodies" and ends with six pieces dedicated to Harriet Cohen. This composer of Cantata Profana wrote a work parodying Shostakovich's "invasion" theme in the "intermezzo interrotto" fourth movement and wrote a collection of 153 instructional piano pieces titled Mikrokosmos. He wrote an opera ending when Judith opens the seventh door of the title location to uncover the three former wives of her husband. For 10 points, name this composer of Concerto for Orchestra and Duke Bluebeard's Castle who collected Hungarian folk songs.
Answer: Bela Bartok
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In this play's third act, the maid Elvire tells the protagonist to hide before he gives his beloved a dagger asking her to kill him after overhearing her conversation with Sanche. The attendant Leonor consoles Dona Urraque for loving the main character. The central conflict of this play is instigated when one man slaps another character because he was selected as the tutor for the King's son. In the second act, Don Diegue begs the King to spare his son for killing Don Gomes in a duel, an action that forces the main female character to seek revenge against the man she loves. At the end of this play Chimene rejects Don Rodrigue even though he had just defeated the Moors. For 10 points, name this play about the titular Spanish hero, written by Pierre Corneille.
Answer: Le Cid
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One of the major practices associated with these events occurred in between rows of seven stone columns in the courtyard of the Hall of Heroes, and saw an item named for the bodily fluid of Andreas Bauriedl used to anoint fresh banners for the coming year; that "Blood Flag" was normally kept in the Brown House. Accounts of these events were published in "Red" and “Blue Books,” and they were organized primarily by the local machine of Julius Streicher. A supposedly too controversial speech about Ethiopia was replaced at the last minute by the most famous announcement at one of these events, which concerned the hiring of young women and dealth with the status of Mischlings. Featuring a massive array of searchlights, the "Cathedral of Light" of Albert Speer, for 10 points, identify these events documented in Riefenstahl's Triumph of the Will, annual rallies in support of Adolf Hitler held in a German city that later saw some infamous Nazi trials.
Answer: Nuremberg Rallies
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In number theory, this term is used to designate integers with n minus one digits which, when multiplied by an integer less than n, result in the same digits in a different order. In physics, this term designates a generalized coordinate whose conjugate generalized momentum is conserved, and thus one on which the Lagrangian does not depend. In group theory, this adjective is used to describe groups which are generated by a single element, while in graph theory this term designates a graph which contains at least one path whose first and last nodes are the same. For 10 points, identify this adjective which in chemistry is used to describe molecules whose carbon atoms form a ring.
Answer: cyclic
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One text composed by a member of this group describes the invasion of Babar into India through the metaphor of a marriage; that is the Baburbani. That member of this group emphasized three principles, including Vand Chakko, the principle of giving to the poor. He later educated a member of this group who drastically expanded the religion with which they were associated by establishing new temples; that man was Angad. More famous principles expounded by these people include repetitive chanting of the name of the divine, known as Naam Japna, while the last member of this group was elevated by Gobind Singh and is composed of hymns and meditations on God's name. For 10 points, name this group comprised of ten people, including Granth Sahib and the first one, Nanak.
Answer: gurus of Sikhism
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In a chapter of this book about "Universalization and Particularization", the author sympathizes with Evans-Pritchard's wish for a "simple Melanesian society." This book defines religion as the humanization of natural law and magic as the naturalization of human action. In addition to providing a detailed system for the classification of totem spirits, another chapter of this book discusses the relation between societal position and totem affinity. Totem affinity is described as the basis of the titular concept of this book. The Engineer is presented in opposition to the title concept of this book, which is represented by members of society who work with their hands, termed "bricoleurs". For 10 points, name this work by Claude Levi-Strauss.
Answer: The Savage Mind [or La Pens?e sauvage]
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From 1995 to 2000, the Kellogg Commission examined the future of institutions created as a result of this act. The Nelson Amendment to this act established a permanent source of funding to achieve its goals. Lyman Trumbull was initially asked to be the sponsor for this bill by the man sometimes given credit for its introduction, Jonathan Turner, but he instead supported a Vermont Representative as this bill's sponsor. The 1887 Hatch Act provided funding for "agricultural experiment stations" associated with institutions funded by this bill. For 10 points, name this 1862 act that set aside public lands for the establishment of colleges devoted to agriculture and engineering.
Answer: Morrill Land Grant Act
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An equation stating that the square of one measure of this quantity is equal to square of the band gap minus the square of the homopolar band gap was developed by Phillips and van Vechten. The principle of equalization of this quantity states that in a bond, each atom's value for this quantity will be the geometric mean of the atoms' original values; that principle was developed by Sanderson, who computed this quantity as the ratio of atomic number to atomic volume, divided by what would be expected from a linear interpolation of those values for inert gases. The first ionization energy and electron affinity are averaged to obtain the Mulliken scale for it, and the Pauling scale assigns fluorine a value of four. For 10 points, name this measure of an atom's ability to attract electrons to itself.
Answer: electronegativity
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This poet concludes "We are all old-timers / each of us holds a locked razor" in "Waking in the Blue". Another poem ends with the famous line "The Lord survives the rainbow of His will". The speaker of one poem discusses a hermit "thirsting for / the hierarchic privacy / of Queen Victoria's century" and he later encounters a figure that "jabs her wedge-head in a cup / of sour cream, drops her ostrich tail / and will not scare." This poet included "The Quaker Graveyard in Nantucket" in his collection Lord Weary's Castle and wrote a poem that begins, "The old South Boston Aquarium stands / in a Sahara of snow now," which is a meditation on St. Gaudens' statue of Colonel Shaw. For 10 points, name this Confessional poet who wrote "Skunk Hour" and "For the Union Dead."
Answer: Robert Lowell
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In his magnum opus, Monroe Beardsley admits to "sedulously avoiding," the use of this term and argued that a definition of it should be "of greatest utility to inquirers in other fields." Nelson Goodman ridiculed the suggestion that what he called the "Tingle-Immersion," theory was the right way to approach these objects. An essay that begins with the discussion of the "hermeneutic circle," and asserts that these objects have a "thingly character" was written by Martin Heidegger about "The Origin of," these things. Another famous essay about these objects argues that what "withers" during that essay's title process is the "aura" of these objects, and that essay ends with an epilogue on the Futurist. Including, according to Heidegger, "A Pair of Shoes," by van Gogh and C.F. Meyer's "Roman Fountain, for 10 points, identify these objects which were analyzed by Walter Benjamin "in the age of mechanical reproduction."
Answer: works of art [prompt on partial answer]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Extra. A servant in this play is forced to lie about the availability of cucumbers at the market because another character eats all of the sandwiches before the guests arrive. One character in this play notes that Lady Harbury looks "twenty years younger" after the death of her husband. This play opens with the sound of piano playing in an apartment on Half Moon Street. Miss Prism and Doctor Chaucible pass the afternoon in a garden and discuss morality in this play, before another character notes that one should know everything, or nothing. That character is Lady Bracknell, who grills a character who enjoys "Bunburying" on his suitability for her ward. Also concerning Cecily and Algernon, for 10 points, name this Oscar Wilde play whose title refers to Gwendolen's desire for a husband of a certain name.
Answer: The Importance of Being Earnest
2010 ACF Regionals Bonuses by Editors 1
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This error was partly blamed on a typographer's strike, but it was mostly the result of bad polling practices. For 10 points each:
[10]Give the erroneous three-word headline that ran in the Chicago Daily Tribune on November 3, 1948.
Answer: "Dewey Defeats Truman"
[10]Truman won in part by saddling the Eightieth Congress with this moniker, after they failed to accomplish anything during a special "Turnip Day" session.
Answer: "Do-Nothing Congress"
[10]A major schism at the Democratic National Convention led to the so-called States Rights Party nominating Strom Thurmond for President and the so-called Progressive Party nominating this former Vice President and Secretary of Agriculture.
Answer: Henry Agard Wallace
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With the creator of the IS/LM model, this thinker developed a theory of optimal situations which take into account the ability of one actor to compensate another for loss while still making a gain in utility. For 10 points each:
[10]Name this Cambridge economist who satirized Luddite tendencies in his "The Case Against Technical Progress". He also wrote Economics Without Equilibrium and developed an "expenditure tax."
Answer: Nicholas Kaldor
[10]For a time, Kaldor was a disciple of this preeminent Cambridge economist who wrote A General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money.
Answer: John Maynard Keynes
[10]The IS/LM model considers an economy under this condition only unless extended by the Mundell-Fleming model. In this condition, an economy is entirely self-sufficent and conducts no trade.
Answer: autarky
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The protagonist is haunted by the childhood memory of a night in Combray when he waited in his bed for a dinner party to end so his mother could come upstairs and comfort him. For 10 points each:
[10]Name this novel titled after the road Marcel takes to reach the house of a wealthy aesthete married to Odette de Crecy rather than the path he would walk to reach the chateau of the Duke de Guermantes.
Answer: Swann's Way [accept Du Côté de Chez Swann]
[10]Marcel Proust wrote Swann's Way as the first volume of this seven part novel.
Answer: The Remembrance of Things Past or In Search of Lost Time [accept À la Recherche du Temps Perdu]
[10]Marcel has a prolonged affair throughout the novel with this lesbian who dies by falling off a horse.
Answer: Albertine Simonet
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It comes in three-lead, five-lead, and twelve-lead varieties. For 10 points each:
[10]Name this recording of the electrical output of the heart.
Answer: electrocardiogram [or EKG; or ECG]
[10]This small wave of the EKG represents the electrical discharge that starts in the sinoatrial node and spreads through the atria. Accordingly, it is the first wave on the EKG waveform.
Answer: P wave
[10]This most common form of Holiday Heart Syndrome is characterized by the replacement of P waves by "irregularly irregular" oscillations and an irregular R-R interval indicating conduction block at the AV node.
Answer: atrial fibrillation
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The main character meets his future wife after entering a garden where thirteen princesses play with golden apples. For 10 points each:
[10]Name this ballet in which Prince Ivan enters the realm of Kashchei the Immortal and liberates the title beast.
Answer: The Firebird
[10]This Russian composer wrote The Firebird along with his other ballet The Rite of Spring.
Answer: Igor Stravinsky
[10]This notable dance appearing as the eighteenth movement in the original score was excerpted by Stravinsky for three concert suites. Prince Ivan is saved when the Firebird charms all the monsters in Kashchei's retinue to perform this frenzied dance.
Answer: The Infernal Dance
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The protagonist is coerced into buying a Liberty Bond while working as one of the few female reporters at The Blue Mountain News. For 10 points each:
[10]Name this novel in which Miranda recovers from influenza, only to discover her lover Adam Barclay has died of influenza during her hospitalization.
Answer: Pale Horse, Pale Rider
[10]This American author wrote Pale Horse, Pale Rider and "Noon Wine" in addition to writing a story in which Maria Concepcion murders the beekeeper Maria Rosa.
Answer: Katherine Anne Porter
[10]In this story, the Mexican revolutionary Braggioni endlessly courts the American school teacher Laura, who gives the prisoner Eugenio enough narcotics to commit suicide.
Answer: "Flowering Judas"
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One notable speech at this event, Gesta Francorum Jerusalem Expugnantium, attacked excesses like simony and the violation of the Peace of God, and was recorded by Fulcher of Chartres. For 10 points each:
[10]Name this synod which called for the liberation of the Eastern churches from Turkish control and which extended the work done at the Council of Piacenza, leading to the First Crusade.
Answer: Coucil of Clermont
[10]The Councils of Piacenza and Clermont were convened under the authority of this Pope, who also began the Roman Curia to govern the Church.
Answer: Pope Urban II [or Odo of Châtillon-sur-Marne, or Odo of Lagery; or Odo of Lagny]
[10]This figure was for some time believed to be the true instigator of the First Crusade based on a vision at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. He definitely accompanied it, and he gave a speech that inspired the defeat of the Muslim Siege of Antioch.
Answer: Peter the Hermit
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The derivation of this equation built upon work by Victor Henri, so his name is sometimes appended to it. For 10 points each:
[10]Name this doubly-eponymous equation that describes enzyme kinetics and whose most common form includes constants V-max and K-sub-m.
Answer: Michaelis-Menten equation
[10]The K-sub-m constant in the equation is due to a modification by these two scientists. These two scientists argued that the rate of change of concentration of the enzyme-substrate complex is negligible, introducing the steady-state assumption.
Answer: George Edward Briggs and John Burdon Samuelson Haldane [or Briggs-Haldane equation]
[10]This linearization of the Michaelis-Menten equation plots one over velocity against one over substrate concentration. It has a y-intercept at one over V-max and an x-intercept at negative one over K-sub-m.
Answer: Lineweaver-Burk equation
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This province, abandoned by Aurelian, was the subject of the last major conquest of Constantine the Great and repelled invasions from Domitian for two decades. For 10 points each:
[10]Identify this Danubean province ruled from Sarmizegetusa, whose conquest during its namesake wars - depicted on an obelisk built by Apollodorus of Damascus - occurred after Nerva's successor added a bracing bar to his legionary helmets to account for the massive falx polearms deployed by its natives.
Answer: Dacia
[10]This second of the Five Good Emperors won the aforementioned victory in the Dacian wars, which he commemorated with his namesake Column. He adopted and was succeeded by Hadrian.
Answer: Trajan or Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus
[10]This Dacian ruler frustrated Rome for years, winning two embarrassing victories at Tapae and ruling for a time as a client governor before finally being deposed by Trajan.
Answer: Decebalus or Diurpaneus
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On the far right side of this work, there is a monk that represents Max Jacob. For 10 points each:
[10]Name this painting featuring a Pierrot figure in the center, believed to represent Apollinaire, who plays a guitar as one of the title figures.
Answer: Three Musicians
[10]This Spanish artist painted Three Musicians during synthetic cubist phase. The bombing of a Basque town inspired his work Guernica.
Answer: Pablo Picasso
[10]Harlequin Family and Garçon à la Pipe are among the works Picasso produced during this phase of his career lasting from 1904 to 1906 notable for his increased use of bright tones.
Answer: Rose period
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When considered as an all-permeating fluid, this quantity results in a negative pressure, and it is sometimes interpreted as zero-point energy of the vacuum. For 10 points each:
[10]Identify this quantity originally introduced to balance curvature and other density terms such that the Hubble parameter would be time-independent.
Answer: cosmological constant [or lambda]
[10]The cosmological constant was introduced as a balance term to this set of equations, which relate the tensors representing curvature to the stress-energy tensor of matter.
Answer: Einstein field equations
[10]This tensor quantity representing the curvature is obtained by contracting the metric against the rank-4 Riemann tensor and is found, along with its namesake's scalar, on the left hand side of the Einstein equations.
Answer: Ricci curvature tensor
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This man had to destroy the Ismenian dragon with the cast of a stone in order to access a spring near a city he founded. For 10 points each:
[10]Name this son of Agenor who was sent from Tyre to find his sister Europa. He got distracted by an oracle of Apollo and founded Thebes instead.
Answer: Cadmus of Thebes
[10]That Ismenian dragon was sacred to this god, who made Cadmus do penance for several years to atone for slaying it.
Answer: Ares
[10]It turned out alright, though, because at the end of the several years, Cadmus was given this beautiful nymph to be his wife. Unfortunately, her wedding gift of a necklace was cursed and brought misfortune upon their family.
Answer: Harmonia
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This author wrote about Shao Bin's attempts to find an apartment for his family while working in a fertilizer plant in is novel In the Pond. For 10 points each:
[10]Name this author of War Trash who described the doctor Lin Kong waiting eighteen years to divorce his wife so he can marry Manna Wu in his novel Waiting.
Answer: Ha Jin [or J?n Xu?f?i]
[10]This other Chinese author won the 2000 Nobel Prize in Literature and wrote the plays Bus Stop and The Other Shore and the novel Soul Mountain.
Answer: Gao Xingjian
[10]This Chinese author wrote about a man who believes everyone around him is a cannibal in "A Madman's Diary" collected in his book Call to Arms, which also includes his short story "The True Story of Ah Q."
Answer: Lu Xun [or Lu Hsun; or Zhou Shuren]
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This work includes a fugue consisting of all twelve notes on the chromatic scale in its sixth section "Of Science." For 10 points each:
[10]Name this tone poem including the parts "Song of the Night-Wanderer" and "Of the Backworldsmen" that opens with a famous trumpet fanfare playing C-G-C to symbolize dawn.
Answer: Also Sprach Zarathustra [accept Thus Spake Zarathustra]
[10]This composer of Also Sprach Zarathustra used the tenor tuba to represent Sancho Panza in his piece Don Quixote and he also wrote the opera Salome.
Answer: Richard Strauss
[10]This tone poem includes a theme satirizing Strauss' critic Eduard Hanslick. This work's six sections show the brave title character "at battle" before dramatizing his "works of peace."
Answer: Ein Heldenleben [accept A Heroic Life or A Hero's Life]
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This thinker compared metaphysical methods to mathematical analysis in his so-called Prize Essay, entitled "On Evidence in the Metaphysical Sciences." For 10 points each:
[10]Identify this Enlightenment thinker whose lectures on the existence of God are contained in his Morning Hours, and who served as the model for Nathan the Wise in Gotthold Lessing's play.
Answer: Moses Mendelssohn
[10]Mendelssohn defended the immortality of the soul in this work, which is modeled after and shares its title and aim with a Socratic dialogue depicting the last hours of Socrates' life.
Answer: Phaedo, or On the Immortality of the Soul [accept Phaedon]
[10]After Lessing's death, Mendelssohn became engaged in a fierce debate with F.H. Jacobi over the question of whether at the end of life Lessing had adopted the pantheism of this philosopher, author of Tractatus Politico-Philosophicus.
Answer: Baruch or Benedict de Spinoza
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Answer these questions about a long-standing territorial contention, for 10 points each:
[10]This country financed the Forgotten War and orchestrated the Green March, in which it essentially herded hordes of its citizens toward the border in an attempt to provoke their massacre. Amazingly, nobody got killed, but this country still came out ahead in the ensuing Madrid Accords.
Answer: Morocco
[10]Morocco's assertion of control in Western Sahara led the UN to establish MINURSO to address this Sahrawi separatist group, whose opposition to Morocco has as yet been undeterred by the Houston Agreement and the Baker Plan.
Answer: Polisario Front or Frente Polisario
[10]Earlier, Morocco and Spain squared off in the the Third Rif War, which helped propel this man to become the youngest general in Europe. He's better-known for taking over Primo de Rivera's Falange party and menacing Republicans as the dictatorial victor in the Spanish Civil War.
Answer: Francisco Franco Bahamonde
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The title poem in this collection depicts collecting frogspawn "weighted down by huge sods," and the narrator of that poem" sweltered in the punishing sun." For 10 points each:
[10]Identify this collection, which also contains the poems "Midterm Break" and "Blackberry Picking."
Answer: Death of a Naturalist
[10]Death of a Naturalist also contains this poem, which begins "between my finger and my thumb, the squat pen rests." The narrator looks out of his window and observes his father performing the title action.
Answer: "Digging"
[10]Death of a Naturalist, which contains the poem "Digging," was written by this Irish poet who newly translated Beowulf and later wrote The Spirit Level and North.
Answer: Seamus Heaney
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In some languages such as C, the operation of these programs is preceded by a preprocessor, while Java features a "just-in-time" one that generates executable code from bytecode as needed. For 10 points each:
[10]Identify these programs which translate code into executable machine language, which are often contrasted with interpreters.
Answer: compilers
[10]The syntax of a language is usually specified through one of these constructs, which uses production rules to specify the conversion of a non-terminal symbol into terminals or other non-terminals. They are usually describe by Backus-Naur notation.
Answer: context-free grammar [prompt on "grammar"]
[10]These programs, generated by such popular tools as Yacc, determine how a given grammar generates a given string of terminal symbols. They can operate using either top-down or bottom-up strategies.
Answer: parsers
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The Parana and the Uruguay Rivers combine to form this river, and it extends to the Atlantic Ocean. For 10 points each:
[10]Name this South American river, the widest in the world, which separates Argentina and Uruguay. It's so wide that some people consider it to properly be a bay, and it was the site of several unsuccessful British invasions.
Answer: Rio de la Plata
[10]On the bank of the Rio de la Plata is this capital of Uruguay, which lies directly across from Buenos Aires.
Answer: Montevideo
[10]This is the biggest entirely internal Uruguayan river. It shares its name with a much larger tributary of the Amazon.
Answer: Rio Negro [or Black River]

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